Timeline of the presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower

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Presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower, official Presidential portrait.jpg
In office
January 20, 1953 – January 20, 1961
Preceded by Truman presidency
Succeeded by Kennedy presidency
Seat White House, Washington, D.C.
Political party Republican

The presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower began on January 20, 1953 when Dwight D. Eisenhower was inaugurated as President of the United States, and ended on January 20, 1961.

1953[edit]

  • January 20 – First inauguration of Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • January 21 – President Eisenhower meets with Herbert Brownell Jr. in the Oval Office for discussions on business. This is President Eisenhower's first appointment since taking office.[1] George M. Humphrey is sworn in as the 55th United States Secretary of Transportation, Douglas McKay is sworn in as the 35th United States Secretary of the Interior, Martin Patrick Durkin is sworn in as the 7th United States Secretary of Labor, Sinclair Weeks is sworn in as the 13th United States Secretary of Commerce, Ezra Taft Benson is sworn in as the 15th United States Secretary of Agriculture, and Arthur Summerfield is sworn in as the 54th Postmaster General of the United States during a ceremony at the White House in the evening.[2]
  • January 22 – President Eisenhower appoints Charles Erwin Wilson as the 5th United States Secretary of Defense during the evening. Wilson agrees beforehand to abandon his General Motors stock that was worth 2 and a half million.[3] Agriculture Secretary Benson pledges to overhaul and cut expenses of the Agriculture Department and regroups the twenty agencies into four.[4]
  • January 27 – Committees vote for President Eisenhower to reorganize the government and for Congress to have an easier time vetoing reorganization moves.[5]
  • January 27 – The Senate confirms Harold Stassen for Director of the Mutual Security Agency.[6]
  • January 27 – Secretary of State Dulles predicts the Soviet Union regime would collapse from human rights violations during an evening address in Washington.[7]
  • April 16 – Chance for Peace speech
  • June 18 – President Eisenhower announces the US will be submitting 50 million dollars to West Berlin for what he says will strengthen the economy and prevent West Berlin denizens from succumbing to "the great pressures to which they are constantly exposed."[8] Vice President Nixon breaks two-tie breaking votes in the Senate.[9]
  • June 30 – A voice vote in the Senate enables President Eisenhower to shift foreign aid funds with thinner restrictions.[10]
  • July 27 – Korean War ends.
  • July 28 – Secretary of State Dulles says the US will not buy the unification of Korea if it means Communist China will receive admission to the United Nations during a news conference.[11]
  • July 29 – The Senate votes 63 to 30 in favor of emergency administration admitting 209,000 aliens to the US.[12]
  • November 1 – In a Los Angeles appearance, Senator Joseph McCarthy says a member of the loyalty appeal board of the office of Army Secretary Stevens would be called to appear before his committee for questions on communist affiliations. McCarthy does not name the board member.[13]
  • November 2 – Agriculture Secretary Benson tells newsmen of his plans for the reshuffle of the Agriculture Department and his willingness to resign if President Eisenhower requests him to.[14]
  • November 3 – Senator McCarthy says a man suspected to be Abraham Brothman is working at a radar plant and announces he will be called as a witness at a subcommittee the following day.[15]
  • November 4 – President Eisenhower holds a news conference on foreign policy.[16]

1954[edit]

  • January 2 - It is disclosed that President Eisenhower will submit tax programs to Congress that have been modified in a message shortly after he delivers the State of the Union address and regular budget messages.[17]
  • January 4  – President Eisenhower issues a memorandum on Red Cross to the heads of departments and agencies. President Eisenhower states his wishes for a continuation of the "consistently high standard of generous giving" to Red Cross that has traditionally been supplied by the federal government's personnel.[18]
  • January 4  – In an evening address from the Broadcast Room of the White House, President Eisenhower notes accomplishments of the administration over the last eleven months of its existence and the goals of the administration.[19]
  • January 6 - President Eisenhower attends morning special church services marking the reconvening of Congress at the National Presbyterian Church in Washington. Other government officials including members of the president's cabinet and Congress were invited.[20]
  • January 7 - President Eisenhower delivers the 1954 State of the Union Address to a joint session of Congress. Eisenhower outlines a program to bolster American military might and that of countries fighting communism while maintaining a healthy economy in the United States.[21]
  • January 7 - The State Department announces that the next few days will see the United States and Russia begin preliminary discussions on the atomic pool proposal by President Eisenhower.[22]
  • September 8 – The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) was formed on September 8, 1954 as the Southeast Asian version of NATO aimed at preventing the spread of communism.
  • May 17Brown v. Board of Education
  • November 1 - At a studio of the Columbia Broadcasting System in Washington, President Eisenhower delivers remarks on the completion of the election cycle and the importance of the participation voters will be making the following day.[23]
  • November 1 - The Justice Department announces the arrest of forty-four year old Martha Stone after identifying her as an underground leader of the Communist Party.[24]

1955[edit]

  • May 14 – The Warsaw Pact is formed by the Soviet Union and communist countries in eastern Europe as a military defense organization to counter NATO.
  • June 2 – During an overtime session at night, in a vote of 50 to 18, the Senate approves a foreign aid bill of 3,408,000,000 backed by Eisenhower.[25]

1956[edit]

1957[edit]

1958[edit]

1959[edit]

1960[edit]

  • January 1 – President Eisenhower spends New Year's Day in Mamie's Cabin at the Augusta National Golf club.[31] United States Secretary of Labor James P. Mitchell holds separate meetings with steel chief industry negotiator R. Conrad Cooper and President of the United Steel Workers Union David J. McDonald in an attempt to resolve the steel dispute.[32] The United States Department of Agriculture is announced to have donated 2,000 bales of cotton to both Formosa and offshore islands.[33]
  • January 2 – President Eisenhower spends the day working on his budget and the messages to be conveyed within his State of the Union address.[34]
  • May 6 – Civil Rights Act of 1960
  • May 7 – President Eisenhower announces the resuming of underground atom tests during the year for the improvement of their capability in detecting potential underground nuclear explosions.[35] Vice President Nixon rebukes the Democratic Party-backed health care plans and differentiates the proposals with that of the Eisenhower administration.[36]
  • November 8 – Vice President Nixon is defeated in the presidential election, by Democrat John F. Kennedy. Eisenhower is the first president to be barred from seeking a third term, due to the 22nd amendment.
  • December 1 – The State Department bars aliens living within the US from traveling to communist areas and requires having to obtain permits to reenter the US before leaving for the trip.[37]
  • December 2 – Vice President Nixon and Governor of New York Nelson Rockefeller hold an hour and a half meeting pledging future collaborations.[38] The US officially designates the government of Cuba as communist controlled.[39]
  • December 3 – President Eisenhower directs President-elect Kennedy to be greeted by the military pomp at the beginning of his upcoming White House visit.[40]
  • December 5 – The State Department prohibits the spending of 400 million USD for American foreign aid funds.[41]
  • December 6 – President Eisenhower meets with President-elect Kennedy for discussions on major national issues.[42]
  • December 7 – Press Secretary Hagerty denies President Eisenhower was indisposed with a stomach ache the previous night after reports emerged. President Eisenhower attends a luncheon for the American National Red Cross.[43]

1961[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ike Is Busy On First Day As President (January 21, 1953)
  2. ^ Entire Cabinet Except Wilson Takes Office (January 21, 1953)
  3. ^ Eisenhower Appoints Wilson Defense Chief (January 22, 1953)
  4. ^ Benson To Cut Dept. Expenses (January 22, 1953)
  5. ^ Ike Is Voted Power To Revamp Government (January 28, 1953)
  6. ^ Stassen Get Senate Okeh (January 28, 1953)
  7. ^ Dulles Thinks Greed May Be Fatal To Reds (January 28, 1953)
  8. ^ "Ike Grants $50 Million More In W. Berlin Aid". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. June 19, 1953. 
  9. ^ "Nixon Smashes Tie Breaking Vote". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. June 19, 1953. 
  10. ^ "Ike Is Voted Fund Powers". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. July 1, 1953. 
  11. ^ Young, Robert (July 7, 1953). "Red China Can't Buy Into U.N., Dulles Warns". Chicago Tribune. 
  12. ^ Edwards, Willard (July 30, 1953). "Senate Votes to Open Doors of U.S. to 209,000 Aliens". Chicago Tribune. 
  13. ^ Top Army Official Said Red-Linked (November 2, 1953)
  14. ^ Benson Erases Regional SCS (November 3, 1953)
  15. ^ Radar Worker To Face Probe (November 4, 1953)
  16. ^ Ike Voices Confidence Following GOP Losses (November 5, 1953)
  17. ^ Eisenhower To Modify Tax Program (January 3, 1954)
  18. ^ 1 – Memorandum on the Red Cross Campaign. (January 4, 1954)
  19. ^ 2 – Radio and Television Address to the American People on the Administration's Purposes and Accomplishments. (January 4, 1954)
  20. ^ President, Cabinet Attend Services (January 6, 1954)
  21. ^ Free World Making Gains, Ike Says (January 7, 1954)
  22. ^ Atomic Pool Talks Near (January 7, 1954)
  23. ^ Eisenhower, Dwight D. (November 1, 1954). "321 - Radio and Television Remarks on Election Eve". American Presidency Project. 
  24. ^ Red Underground Suspect Arrested (November 2, 1954)
  25. ^ Senate Passes Foreign Aid Bill (June 3, 1955)
  26. ^ "Won't Rush U.S. 'Moons' Plans – White House". Chicago Tribune. October 6, 1957. 
  27. ^ "U.S. May Bare Basis Of Ike's Use of Troops". Chicago Tribune. October 6, 1957. 
  28. ^ Ike Reviews Budget At Conference (January 3, 1958)
  29. ^ Ike Meets With Aides (January 6, 1958)
  30. ^ Solons Aim Questions At Dulles (January 9, 1958)
  31. ^ "Ike Watches Football on TV; Skips Golf". Chicago Tribune. January 2, 1960. 
  32. ^ "Mitchell's Steel Talks Gain Nothing". Chicago Tribune. January 2, 1960. 
  33. ^ "U.S. Donates Quilt Material to Formosans". Chicago Tribune. January 2, 1960. 
  34. ^ "President Works on Record Peace Time Budget". Chicago Tribune. January 3, 1960. 
  35. ^ "Ike Orders New Atom Blasts Under Ground". Chicago Tribune. May 8, 1960. 
  36. ^ "Nixon Hails 5 Points in Ike's Medical Plan". Chicago Tribune. May 8, 1960. 
  37. ^ "U.S. Bars Aliens From Travel to Some Red Lands". Chicago Tribune. December 2, 1960. 
  38. ^ Edwards, Willard (December 3, 1960). "Rockfeller, Nixon Pledge Co-Operation". Chicago Tribune. 
  39. ^ "Red Controlled Label Applied To Cuba By U.S." Chicago Tribune. December 3, 1960. 
  40. ^ Edwards, Willard (December 4, 1960). "Pomp To Mark Kennedy Visit". Chicago Tribune. 
  41. ^ "U.S. Forbids Use of $400,000,000 in 19 Countries". Chicago Tribune. December 6, 1960. 
  42. ^ Burd, Laurence. "Peace Is No. 1 Quest, Ike and Kennedy Agree". Chicago Tribune. 
  43. ^ "Hagerty Denies Radio Report Ike Had Upset Stomach". Chicago Tribune. December 8, 1960. 

External links[edit]