Timothy H. O'Sullivan

Timothy H. O'Sullivan was a photographer known for his work related to the American Civil War and the Western United States. O'Sullivan's history and personal life remains a mystery for many historians as there is little information to work from. For example, he was either born in Ireland and came to New York City two years with his parents or his parents traveled to New York before he was born. There is no way of finding out. We do know. We know when the Civil War began in early 1861, he was commissioned a first lieutenant in the Union Army. There is no record of him fighting. Alexander Gardner worked as a photographer on the staff of General George B. McClellan, commander of the Army of the Potomac, was given the honorary rank of captain. Gardner described O'Sullivan as the "Superintendent of my map and field work." Biographer James D. Horan writes that O'Sullivan was a civilian photographer attached to the Topographical Engineers, his job was to copy maps and plans, but he took photographs on his own time.

Although he listed himself as a first lieutenant, the rank was honorary, like Gardner's. From November 1861 through April 1862, O'Sullivan, working for Gardner, followed Union forces to Fort Walker, Fort Beauregard, Hilton Head, Fort Pulaski. After being honorably discharged, he rejoined Brady's team. In July 1862, O'Sullivan followed Maj. Gen. John Pope's Northern Virginia Campaign. By joining Gardner's studio, he had his forty-four photographs published in the first Civil War photographs collection, Gardner's Photographic Sketch Book of the War. In July 1863, he created his most famous photograph, "The Harvest of Death," depicting dead soldiers from the Battle of Gettysburg, he took many other photographs documenting the battle, including "Dead Confederate sharpshooter at foot of Little Round Top", "Field where General Reynolds fell", "View in wheatfield opposite our extreme left", "Confederate dead gathered for burial at the southwestern edge of the Rose woods", "Bodies of Federal soldiers near the McPherson woods", "Slaughter pen", others.

In 1864, following Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's trail, he photographed the Siege of Petersburg before heading to North Carolina to document the siege of Fort Fisher; that brought him to the Appomattox Court House, the site of Robert E. Lee's surrender in April 1865. From 1867 to 1869, he was the official photographer on the United States Geological Exploration of the Fortieth Parallel under Clarence King; the expedition began at Virginia City, where he photographed the mines, worked eastward. In so doing, he became one of the pioneers in the field of geophotography. Template:Trachtenberg A. 1990 In contrast to the Asian and Eastern landscape fronts, the subject matter he focused on was a new concept. It involved taking pictures of nature as an untamed, pre-industrialized land without the use of landscape painting conventions. O'Sullivan combined art, making exact records of extraordinary beauty. In 1870 he joined a survey team in Panama to survey for a canal across the isthmus. From 1871 to 1874 he returned to the southwestern United States to join Lt. George M. Wheeler in his survey west of the 100th meridian.

His job was to photograph the West to attract settlers. O'Sullivan's pictures were among the first to record the prehistoric ruins, Navajo weavers, pueblo villages of the Southwest, he faced starvation on the Colorado River. He spent the last years of his short life in Washington, D. C. as official photographer for the U. S. Geological Survey and the Treasury Department. O'Sullivan died in Staten Island of tuberculosis at age 42. Trachtenberg A Reading American Photographs. New York, Hill & Wang Horan, James D.. Timothy O'Sullivan, America's Forgotten Photographer. Garden City, New York: Doubleday & Company. OCLC 638552. Frassanito, William A. Early Photography at Gettysburg. Gettysburg, PA: Thomas Publications, 1995. ISBN 1-57747-032-X. Biography of Timothy H. O'Sullivan from The Getty Museum The Life of Timothy H. O'Sullivan from the Tucson Weekly, March 31, 2003 by Margaret Regan. Accessed July 29, 2010. Naeff, W. Era of exploration: the rise of landscape photography in the American West, 1860-1885. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

35 photos by Timothy O'Sullivan, Daily Mail article, 25 May 2012. Timothy O'Sullivan gallery at The Atlantic Four Southwestern photos at Phoebe A. Hearst Museum of Anthropology American Treasures Western Development, The Wall Street Journal, 30 March 2010

Poyang County

Poyang County is a county under the administration of Shangrao city in the northeast of Jiangxi Province of the People's Republic of China, bordering Anhui Province to the north. It is located on the eastern side of Lake Poyang; the area was known as Po under the Chu state during the Warring States period. Under the Qin, the area was organized as Poyang County and placed under the administration of Jiujiang. Po was entrusted to the Yue leader Wu Rui. During the collapse of Qin, he allied first with Xiang Yu and with Liu Bei, becoming successively the king of Hengshan and Changsha. Under the Han, the area was placed under the administration of Yuzhang, it changed its first character to the present one under the Western Han. During Eastern Han, the Yangtze River flowed farther north and Poyang constituted a wide and fertile lowland. Around AD 400, the Yangtze changed its course to the south and flooded the district which has since comprised Poyang Lake. Many of its people fled as refugees into neighboring districts.

In 1957, the name of the county was changed to Boyang County, but in December 2003 the original name was restored. On May 27, 2014, Poyang County was designated as directly-controlled county by the provincial government as a part of a pilot program in Jiangxi Province. Poyang County administers 20 rural townships; the county seat is the town of Poyang. Around 1998 the county had 1 million people; the town of Poyang had around 1998. The Yinhaobu Township had about 20,000 people around 1998, it includes the Guantian Village Committee. The Guantian Village Committee consists of the villages of Cao, Xu. In 1997 Gao Village had 351 residents, including people. Gao Village has a local school, established in 1969, during the Cultural Revolution. Mobo C. F. Gao, author of the book Gao Village said that around 1995 all of the village's children have had two years of education because of the existence of the village school. Gao said that the school would not have been established if it had not been for the Cultural Revolution.

During the Cultural Revolution all of the children, including the girls, had an elementary school education spanning three years due to the convenience of having a local school and low costs. Before 1949 no intra-village marriages occurred in Gao Village. Before the Cultural Revolution there was one intra-village marriage, zhaozhui marriage. Since the Cultural Revolution eight intra-village marriages occurred in Gao Village. Province Yang county is located in east longitude 116 ° to 117 ° 23'45 "06' 15', north latitude 28 ° 46'26, 29 ° 42' 03", between the north border with penzer county and east to county in anhui province. By 2014, the province Yang county jurisdiction covers an area of 4215 square kilometers, the water area of 948.7 square kilometers, accounting for 22.5%, therefore has the "China lake city" reputation. The northern portion of the county is mountainous; the center of the county is home to the Lake Poyang Plains. The Jiujing Highway passes through the northern portion of the county.

In total, there are 209 provincial roads in the county. Hong Mai Jiang Kui Gao, Mobo C. F. "Gao Village: Modern Life in Rural China." University of Hawaii Press, 1995. Google Books

Robert MacCarthy

The Revd Dr Robert Brian MacCarthy is a clergyman in the Church of Ireland. He was Dean of Saint Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin from 1999 until his retirement in January 2012. Born in 1940, MacCarthy was educated at St. Columba's College in Dublin, he continued his studies in Trinity College Dublin, St John's College Cambridge, Trinity College and Cuddesdon Theological College. He received a Ph. D. in 19th century Irish history from Trinity College in 1983. Prior to his ordination in 1979, he spent twelve years in university administration at Reading University, Queen's University Belfast and Trinity College Dublin, where he became Assistant Secretary, he became curate of Carlow in 1979, a post he held until 1981 when he was appointed Librarian of Pusey House and Fellow of St Cross College. In 1982 he was appointed Team Vicar in Bracknell New Town. From 1986 to 1988 he was Bishop's Vicar in St Canice's Cathedral, Kilkenny, he became Rector of Co.. Kilkenny in 1988. From 1995–9 he was Rector of St Nicholas' Collegiate Church and Provost of Tuam.

He has been a member of the chapter since 1994, as the Prebendary of Monmohenock. He was elected Dean of St Patrick's in 1999. Robert MacCarthy retired from his position as Dean of St Patrick's Cathedral on 25 January 2012, his publications include The Estates of Trinity College Dublin and Ancient and Modern: A short History of the Church of Ireland. More he has written a biography of John Henry Bernard. MacCarthy has become known for liberal theology, he has been a champion of Ecumenical dialogue and during his time a Roman Catholic and a former Moderator of the Presbyterian Church were elected to the cathedral's 24-person Chapter. After expressing doubts concerning the validity of some New Testament verses in our modern world, questions were raised over Dr. MacCarthy's claimed orthodoxy. In October 2005 he gave a sermon which appeared in an abridged form in The Irish Times on 13 October 2005, it proved controversial, with one commentator in The Brandsma Review dubbing it The rubber-stamping of buggery.

MacCarthy criticised the Taoiseach Bertie Ahern for issuing a public invitation to a State reception for Cardinal Desmond Connell in 2001 in the joint names of the Taoiseach and his partner. MacCarthy received over 300 letters of support, many from Roman Catholics. In April 2008 in a letter to the Irish Times he referred to Muslims and Hindus as indoctrinating their children into'a cult'. In St Patrick's he has been censured by both chapter. In 2011 he invited all seven presidential candidates to support his suggestion that St Patrick's should become a national ecumenical cathedral for all Christians in Ireland. St. Patrick's Cathedral Website - Clergy