Woolomin, New South Wales
Woolomin is a small settlement on the bank of the Peel River, about 20 km north of Nundle, New South Wales and about 40 km south east of the city of Tamworth. It is on the Fossickers Way near Chaffey Dam. At the 2006 census, Woolomin had a population of 469. On 20 November 2000 50 homes were evacuated as the Peel River burst its banks; the village has a public school and agriculture is the major industry for the region
Calala, New South Wales
Calala is a suburb of the Northern New South Wales city of Tamworth, administered by Tamworth Regional Council. In the 2016 census, Calala had a population of 3,927; the suburb is 4.5 km southeast of the CBD of Tamworth and is connected to the city by Calala Lane, which continues through the suburb to form its main street. Calala Lane becomes flooded in times of heavy rain isolating the residents from the rest of the city but only for several hours at a time. Further along Calala Lane past the residential area of Calala is Farrer Memorial Agricultural High School and the New South Wales Department of Agriculture plant research institute. A commercial shopping complex opened in 2006; the complex contains an IGA supermarket and chip takeaway shop, bottle shop, butcher and Northwest Health GP clinic. Following an extension to the complex in late 2017, a Domino's pizza outlet is part of this shopping centre. Calala contains a smaller shopping centre consisting of a bottle shop, a takeaway shop and a small hippie clothing and giftware store.
Carinya Christian School Farrer Memorial Agricultural High School, located just outside Calala The name "Calala" originates from the local aboriginal name for this area on what is now known as the Peel River. Various anglicised spellings of this name have been used, including “Kalala”, “Kilala”, “Kallala, “Callala”; the first house in the Calala area, built for Charles Hall in 1834, was named “Killala”. An historical marker has been constructed on the northwest outskirts of Calala to recognise this construction
Niangala, New South Wales
Niangala is a village located on the south-eastern edge of the Northern Tablelands area of New South Wales, Australia. It is on the Moonbi Range, part of the Great Dividing Range, at 1,300 metres above sea level; the village is in Walcha parish in Parry County. At the 2011 census and the surrounding area had a population of 142. Geographically isolated, the village is situated among pine tree plantations. Access to the community requires travel along some stretches of dirt road, which can be hazardous in wet or snow conditions. Winters are cold there with several falls of snow during the season. Niangala, meaning ‘eclipse’, was first known as Bungadore, ‘blackrocks’ and is situated at the head of Bungendore Creek. In 1836 William Telfer marked a tree line from Port Stephens through Barrington, Nowendoc and on to Ogunbil; the Australian Agricultural Company set up stations and resting places for their travelling sheep along this route to be known as the ‘Peel Line’. This route was steep and rugged but it was much more efficient than the used route, via Maitland.
The present roads, Thunderbolts Way from Gloucester and the Topdale Road to Tamworth, travel the same route. Niangala began as a gold mining settlement and by the end of October 1890, Niangala had five boarding houses, two butcheries, one blacksmith, a bakery and two stores; the Niangala post office opened on 1 December 1890. and coach services travelled from Walcha to Niangala. The Public School had one teacher; the school remained a one teacher school until 1980. This School reached its peak enrolment of 51 students in 1991. In 1891 the population was 300 and on 14 September 1893 Niangala was proclaimed a village. During 1901 residents were able to connect to the telephone, but it was not until 1966 that 33 customers accessed rural power. Not many land selections were made in the area before 1900, as the Niangala Gold Field had been removed from the Conditional Purchase Act, but was available for annual lease; the only other metal to be mined was manganese, taken during the 1930s to 1950s. Sheep and cattle breeding is the main industry, though there are now other diversified industries berry growing and extensive pine plantations that supply the local timber mill.
Trout fishing is a popular tourist attraction in the Niangala area and a visit to the area will reveal some interesting scenery. On 13 October 2002 an F2 tornado struck the Niangala region causing serious building and livestock damage. On 28 and 29 November 2008 Niangala received torrential rain that caused severe flooding and led to the area being declared a natural disaster area. Niangala village is a remnant of the Australian gold rush days, leaving an old cemetery, a derelict gold crusher and a number of old buildings. There is a Church of England church, built in 1964, a community hall and tennis courts. Today the village of Niangala has a population of about 30. Casey Stoner the 2007 MotoGP World Champion and 2008 Young Australian of the Year was raised in the Niangala area. Http://www.nnsw.com.au/niangala/community.html#EDUCATION http://www.nnsw.com.au/niangala/tourism.html Tourism
Main North railway line, New South Wales
The Main North Line is a major railway in New South Wales, Australia. It runs through the Central Coast and New England regions; the line was the original main line between Sydney and Brisbane, however this required a change of gauge at Wallangarra. As of 1988, the line is now closed north of Armidale, with the main route between Sydney and Brisbane now the North Coast line; the line starts as a branch off the Main Suburban line at Strathfield in Sydney. The line heads north as a quadruple track electrified line to Rhodes, crossing the John Whitton Bridge over the Parramatta River as a double track line. At West Ryde the line again expands out to four tracks through to Epping; the line is largely double track through the northern suburbs of Sydney, crossing the Hawkesbury River Railway Bridge, before passing through the Central Coast. At Fassifern, a former branch line to Toronto divided off in an eastwards direction until closed in 1990; the line continues north to Broadmeadow in the inner western suburbs of Newcastle.
North of Broadmeadow Hamilton station is the junction with the Newcastle branch line. Electrification of the main line ends at Broadmeadow but continues along the Newcastle branch line to the terminus at Newcastle Interchange at Wickham, with the branch line beyond Wickham to the former Newcastle station having been closed and lifted by action of the Baird Government from December 2014; the line was electrified to Gosford in January 1960, Wyong in April 1982 and Newcastle in June 1984. Freight trains were hauled by electric locomotives until March 1998; the line swings westwards as four tracks. Maitland is the junction of the North Coast line which continues to Brisbane and the Main North line; the line becomes double track west of Maitland and heads through the Upper Hunter Valley townships of Branxton and Muswellbrook where the double track ends. Muswellbrook is the junction point for the former cross country line to Sandy Gulgong; the Main North continues northwards through the Ardglen Tunnel to Werris Creek, where the Mungindi Line branches off to Moree, a former cross country branch continues to Binnaway and Dubbo.
The line sees limited traffic beyond Werris Creek. The line reaches the major New England towns of Tamworth and Armidale, the latter being the northernmost extent of service on the line; until the mid-2000s freight traffic continued to the disused station at Dumaresq, home to a now-also-disused agricultural fertilizer depot. There is now wire across the corridor at several points between Armidale and Dumaresq, after which the line is closed. A block is placed across the tracks a short distance at the 590 kilometre mark. North of Glen Innes the line, its bridges, have fallen into disrepair. In December 1991 the line was severed when the Roads & Traffic Authority built a deviation of the New England Highway over the line at Bluff Rock south of Tenterfield. At Wallangarra, the line met Queensland Railways' Southern railway line; the first section of the Main North line was built from the port of Newcastle to Victoria Street, Maitland in 1857 as the Hunter River Railway Company's line and extended to Singleton in 1863, Muswellbrook and Murrurundi in 1872, Werris Creek and West Tamworth in 1878, Armidale in 1883 and Wallangarra in 1888.
The Sydney to Newcastle section, Homebush to Waratah, had difficult topography to overcome, including crossing the Hawkesbury River, traversing the Mullet Creek bank and constructing the Woy Woy Tunnel. From the south, the line was opened between Homebush and Hornsby in 1886 extended to Hawkesbury River in 1887. From the north, the line opened between Waratah and Gosford in 1887. Progress in the construction of the last section between Hawkesbury River and Gosford occurred when the Woy Woy Tunnel opened in 1887 Mullet Creek to Gosford in 1888 and Hawkesbury River to Mullet Creek in 1889 when the original Hawkesbury River Railway Bridge was built. In 1892, the line was duplicated from Strathfield to Hornsby, electrified in 1926 as part of the Bradfield electrification scheme. Several lines branch from the Main North Line, including: Newcastle Branch Line from Broadmeadow to Newcastle Interchange Richmond Vale railway line from Hexham to Weston South Maitland Railway from Maitland to Pelton Merriwa line to Sandy Hollow and on to the Sandy Hollow to Gulgong line Mungindi line from Werris Creek to Narrabri and Moree Toronto line from Fassifern to Toronto Belmont line from Adamstown to Belmont Morpeth Line from East Maitland to Morpeth Barraba line from West Tamworth to Barraba The line was serviced by the overnight Northern Mail until it ceased in November 1988.
The Northern Tablelands Express provided a daylight service to Glen Innes, with some journeys extended to Tenterfield until truncated in October 1985 to Armidale and in February 1990 to Tamworth. NSW TrainLink operates intercity passenger services along the Main North line. A daily train operates from Sydney to Werris Creek before dividing, one operating along the Main North line to Armidale, the other section operating along the North-West line to Moree. Intercity passenger services operate between Sydney and Newcastle and between Newcastle and Scone, with a branch to Dungog on the North Coast line. Sydney Trains operates suburban passenger services in the section between Berowra; the section between Strathfield and Maitland
Division of New England
The Division of New England is an Australian electoral division in the state of New South Wales. The division is located in the north-east of adjoining the border with Queensland; the division was proclaimed in 1900, was one of the original 65 divisions to be contested at the first federal election. It is named after the New England region in northern New South Wales; the 66,394 km² division covers a rural area, with agriculture the main industry. From south to north it includes the regional population centres of Scone, Armidale, Glen Innes and Tenterfield; the member since the 2013 federal election has been Barnaby Joyce, who served as Deputy Prime Minister of Australia and leader of the National Party from 2016 to 2018. Amid the 2017–18 Australian parliamentary eligibility crisis, the seat was declared vacant on 27 October 2017 by the High Court of Australia arising from Joyce's dual citizenship. Joyce had renounced his dual citizenship effective from August in order to become a sole citizen of Australia and was thus eligible to run for federal parliament.
Joyce regained the seat at a by-election on 2 December. From 1922 to 2001, New England was regarded as a comfortably safe seat for the Country Party known as the National Party. Only one Labor candidate has won the seat – Francis Foster at the 1906 election and again at the 1910 election, both times on small margins. From 2001 until his retirement in 2013, the seat was represented by independent Tony Windsor. Former Queensland Senator Barnaby Joyce has represented the seat for the National Party since; the seat's best-known member was Ian Sinclair, leader of the National Party from 1984 to 1989, a minister in the Menzies, Gorton, McMahon and Fraser governments and Speaker of the Australian House of Representatives for a few months in 1998. Under the original redistribution proposal in 2015, the Australian Electoral Commission announced it intended to abolish Hunter. Electors in the north of Hunter would have joined New England. However, the Commission opted for a less radical proposal that saw Charlton abolished, Hunter pushed eastward to absorb most of Charlton's territory, New England absorbing a few small areas in Hunter's north.
Due to changing populations, overall New South Wales lost a seat while Western Australia gained a seat. Division of New England - Australian Electoral Commission
New England Highway
The New England Highway is an 878-kilometre long highway in Australia running from Hexham at Newcastle, New South Wales at its southern end to Yarraman, north of Toowoomba, Queensland at its northern end. It is part of Australia's National Highway system, forms part of the inland route between Brisbane and Sydney. At its southern end the New England Highway connects to the Pacific Highway and at its northern end it connects to the D'Aguilar Highway, it traverses the Hunter Valley, New England, the Southern and Darling Downs regions. During the winter months, some parts of the New England Highway are subject to frost and snowfall, with the 350 km section from the Moonbi Ranges to Stanthorpe located at high altitudes. In 2013-14, the New England Highway and Cunningham Highway combined had an average annual daily traffic count of just over 13,000 vehicles, half that seen on the coastal route. Heavy vehicles account for 13% of the traffic seen on the route; as of November 2018, fixed speed cameras were located at Ben Lomond and Tenterfield.
Average speed enforcement cameras target heavy vehicles between Muswellbrook. The New England Highway has its origins in the track which developed north from Newcastle to reach the prime wool growing areas of the New England region which Europeans settled following expeditions by NSW Surveyor-General John Oxley in 1818 and botanist Allan Cunningham in 1827 and 1829; the rough track, navigable only by horse or bullock dray, crossed the Liverpool Range, went through Tamworth and ended at Tenterfield. The track became known as the Great Northern Road. During the 1860s, several robberies occurred along the road, with infamous bushranger Captain Thunderbolt known to be active in the area; when the NSW main road system was reorganised in August 1928, the Great Northern Road was gazetted as part of state highway 9 and renamed the Great Northern Highway. At proclamation, the Great Northern Highway was described as stretching from North Sydney to the Queensland border at Mount Lindesay, via Newcastle, Tamworth, Armidale and Woodenbong.
The route became known as the New England Highway in early-1933 by combining the Great Northern Highway and the Brisbane-Mount Lindesay-Warwick Highway into a single uniformly-named road from Hexham to Brisbane. In 1936 the road was described by contemporary observers as being in good condition, with spectacular scenery and excellent accommodation en route. In 1954 the New England Highway was re-routed through Warwick along the route, known as the Lockyer-Darling Downs Highway. Against the wishes of the Beaudesert Shire Council and the Woodenbong Chamber of Commerce, the former New England Highway through Beaudesert was renamed the Mount Lindesay Highway. In the 1970s, the Queensland Main Roads Department rerouted the designation of the New England Highway north of Warwick to follow the former Lockyer-Darling Downs Highway so that it terminated in Toowoomba; the section of the highway between Brisbane and Warwick was renamed as part of the Cunningham Highway, which until that time had extended only westward from Warwick to Goondiwindi.
As of October 2018, current or proposed improvements on the New England Highway include: Belford to the Golden Highway Maitland roundabout improvements Muswellbrook bypass New England Highway draft corridor strategy New England Highway and Wyndella Road intersection, Lochinvar Scone bypass Singleton rail underpass Singleton bypass Fitzgerald Bridge at Aberdeen Tenterfield heavy vehicle bypass Bolivia Hill From its junction with the Pacific Highway at Hexham, 12 km inland from Newcastle the New England Highway connects the following cities and towns: Maitland Singleton Muswellbrook Scone Tamworth Armidale Glen Innes Tenterfield Wallangarra Stanthorpe Warwick Toowoomba Highways in Australia List of highways in New South Wales List of highways in Queensland Moonbi Range Hunter Expressway List of highways numbered 85 New England Highway
Tamworth, New South Wales
Tamworth is a city and the major regional centre in the New England region of northern New South Wales, Australia. Situated on the Peel River within the local government area of Tamworth Regional Council, about 318 km from the Queensland border, it is located midway between Brisbane and Sydney. According to the 2016 Census, the city had a population around 60,000; the Kamilaroi people are the traditional custodians of Tamworth. The city is known as the "First Town of Lights", being the first place in Australia to use electric street lights in 1888. Tamworth is famous as the "Country Music Capital of Australia", annually hosting the Tamworth Country Music Festival in late January; the city is recognised as the National Equine Capital of Australia because of the high number of equine events held in the city and the construction of the world-class Australian Equine and Livestock Events Centre, the biggest of its kind in the Southern Hemisphere. The Kamilaroi people, from whose language comes the word "budgerigar", inhabited the area before European contact.
In 1818, John Oxley passed through the Peel Valley and commented, "it would be impossible to find a finer or more luxuriant country than its waters... No place in this world can afford more advantages to the industrious settler than this extensive vale". In 1831, the first sheep stations and cattle stations were formed, in the same year, the Australian Agricultural Company was granted a lease of 127,000 hectares of land at Goonoo Goonoo, south of the present location of Tamworth, extending to present-day Calala. In the 1830s, a company town began to develop on the Peel's southwest bank, the present site of West Tamworth. In 1850, a public town was gazetted on the opposite side of the river from the existing settlement; this town became the main town, called "Tamworth" after Tamworth, represented at the time in parliament by Robert Peel. The town prospered, was reached by the railway in 1878; the first streetlights used in Australia were commercially owned in Waratah Tasmania in 1886, but on 9 November 1888, Tamworth became the first location in Australia to have electric street lighting powered by a municipally owned power station, giving the town the title of "First Town of Light".
1818 – Explorer John Oxley passes through the area on his exploration mission. Names the river that now runs through the town: Peel River, after British Prime Minister Robert Peel. 1831 – First sheep and cattle stations, namely Joseph Brown's'Wallamoul' and William Dangar's'Waldoo'. The exploring expedition led by Major Mitchell visited'Wallamoul' in December 1831 on its way to the north-west. 1834 – 6000 sheep of the Australian Agriculture Company were the first to be brought to the Tamworth region. 1851 – The white population of the village of Tamworth was 254. 1852 – John Barnes built the Royal Oak Hotel. 1861 – Population 654. 1866 – Tamworth Mechanics' Institute opened. 1882 - Tamworth railway station opened. 1883 - Tamworth base hospital opened. 1888 – Power station opened and enables beginning of electric street lighting. The first electric streetlights in Australia. 1918 – An anchor is unveiled as a memorial to the discovery of Tamworth district. 1946 – Proclaimed a town. 1947 – East-West Airlines was established in Tamworth, flying Tamworth to Sydney.
1947 – Institution for Boys home for criminal youth opened. 1973 – The first Australasian Country Music Festival was hosted in Tamworth by radio station 2TM, which has led to the extraordinary success of the Tamworth Country Music Festival, held every year in Summer, at the end of January, a celebration that runs continuously for 11 days. 1988 – A country music icon, the 12 m tall Golden Guitar is erected as a symbol of the town's country music roots. 1990s – The Local Council embarks on a successful campaign of urban and streetscape renewal, including the greening of Peel Street. 1999 – Tamworth Regional Entertainment Centre is opened. 2004 – A new local government area, Tamworth Regional Council, is formed from Tamworth town, Manilla Shire and parts of Parry and Barraba Shires. 2006 – In December the Tamworth Regional Council voted 6 to 3 against an offer from the Federal Government to take part in a one-year trial rural refugee resettlement programme. Mayor of Tamworth, Cr James Treloar, argued that the refugees being resettled were tuberculous and criminal.
The decision resulted in international media attention on the town. The public outrage unleashed by his comments and the summary decision to reject the refugees forced a reversal of the bill one month and Tamworth will now take part in the resettling program. 2008 – The Australian Equine and Livestock Events Centre is opened in September. 2016 – Tamworth hosts the annual town vs Country Origin match. It was held at Scully Park Regional Sporting Precinct Tamworth is located on the western side of the Great Dividing Range, on the banks of the Peel River, about 420 km north of Sydney on the New England Highway, 280 km inland from Port Macquarie on the Oxley Highway; the town is situated at a narrow point on the Peel River floodplain, nestled at the base of the Wentworth Mounds, a spur of the Moonbi Range, where the Northwest Slopes rise to the Northern Tablelands. The elevation is around 400 m AHD; the Peel River runs southeast to northwest through Tamworth. The main town centre is on the northeast bank, between the river and the Wentworth Mounds, which rise to heights of 800 m, towering over the town.
The southwest bank is much flatter, the town's suburbs sprawl to the south. Water for residents and the town's industry is supplied by Chaffey Dam, 44 km south