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Titania is a character in William Shakespeare's 1595-96 play A Midsummer Night's Dream. In the play, she is the queen of the fairies. Due to Shakespeare's influence fiction has used the name "Titania" for fairy queen characters. In traditional folklore, the fairy queen has no name. Shakespeare took the name "Titania" from Ovid's Metamorphoses, where it is an appellation given to the daughters of Titans. Shakespeare's Titania is a proud creature and as much of a force to contend with as her husband, Oberon, she and Oberon are engaged in a marital quarrel over which of them should have the keeping of an Indian changeling boy. This quarrel is the engine that drives the mix-ups and confusion of the other characters in the play. Due to an enchantment cast by Oberon's servant Puck, Titania magically falls in love with a "rude mechanical", Nick Bottom the weaver, given the head of a donkey by Puck, who feels it is better suited to his character, it has been argued. In this case, the tables are turned on the character, rather than the sorceress turning her lovers into animals, she is made to love a donkey after Bottom has been transformed.

Titania has appeared in many other paintings, poems and other works. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe included the figures from Shakespeare's work in Faust I, where she and her husband are celebrating their golden wedding anniversary. Carl Maria von Weber used the characters of Titania and Puck in his opera Oberon, but this time set during the reign of Charlemagne. Titania appears in the Persona franchise as an optional Persona for the silent protagonist along with Oberon. Alfred Lord Tennyson's play The Foresters, a Robin Hood story, has a brief segment with Titania, Queen of the Fairies. Titania, one of Uranus's moons, was named after her. Titania appears in the popular online game Warframe as the namesake of one of the titular Warframes, featuring razor-butterflies and assorted fairy-themed abilities. In the manga and anime The Ancient Magus' Bride the Queen of the Fairies is named Titania, her husband Oberon appears. In the manga and anime Fairy Tail, Erza Scarlet carries the title of "Titania, Queen of the Fairies" because of her status as the most powerful of the female wizards in the Fairy Tail guild.

In the cartoon Gargoyles and Titania have been divorced for 1,001 years, but remarry during the course of the series. She is also revealed to be the same person as Anastasia Renard, mother of the recurring antagonist Fox. Titania is the one of the bases for one of the bosses in Mega Man Zero 4, Sol Titanion, alongside an Atlas moth. Titania is the queen of the Summer Court of fairies in Jim Butcher's The Dresden Files series. In W. E. B. Du Bois's "Dark Princess", the author dedicates the book to, "To her High Loveliness, Titania XXVII... Queen of Faerie." In Final Fantasy XIV: Shadowbringers, Titania appears as an opponent during the course of the story. In the fiction, the name "Titania" is a title held by the ruler of the faeries rather than a name in itself. In the light novel series and anime Sword Art Online, main female protagonist Asuna Yuuki is trapped in the virtual fairy world of ALfhiem Online by Nobuyuki Suguo, calling himself Oberon and calling Asuna by the name of Titania

Men in Black 3

Men in Black 3 is a 2012 American science fiction film directed by Barry Sonnenfeld and starring Will Smith, Tommy Lee Jones and Josh Brolin. It is the third and final installment in the original Men in Black film series which in turn is loosely based on the comic book series The Men in Black by Lowell Cunningham, it was released fifteen years after the original Men in Black and ten years after the first sequel, Men in Black II. Sonnenfeld and Steven Spielberg returned as executive producer, respectively. In the film, Boris the Animal, an old enemy of Agent K, escapes from prison and travels back in time to kill the younger K in order to allow his species, a ruthless alien race known as Boglodites, to attack Earth; this forces Agent J to go back in time and team up with K's younger self to save his partner and the world. Men in Black 3 was released on May 25, 2012 by Columbia Pictures and grossed over $624 million worldwide, making it the 10th highest-grossing film of 2012. Unadjusted for inflation, it is the highest-grossing film in the series.

The film received positive reviews from critics, who praised it as an improvement over its predecessor. A spin-off film in the series, Men in Black: International, was released on June 14, 2019. In 2012, an alien criminal named Boris the Animal, a Boglodite, escapes from a maximum-security prison on the Moon to take revenge on Agent K, who shot off his left arm and captured him in 1969, he confronts K and his partner Agent J, tells him he is "already dead". Back at MiB Headquarters, J peruses MiB's files and discovers K was responsible not only for capturing Boris, but for deploying the "ArcNet", a shield that prevented the Boglodites from conquering Earth, causing their extinction. Using an illegal time-jump device, Boris travels back in time to July 16, 1969 to kill the young Agent K. With history altered so that K is now long-dead, only J's own memory is somehow unaffected, no one else from the Agency understands his obsession with K until Agent O, the new Chief of MIB following Zed's death, deduces there has been a fracture in the space-time continuum.

With K gone, the ArcNet was never deployed, leaving nothing to protect the present-day Earth from a Boglodite invasion. Knowing from the Agency's records Boris will commit a murder there in 1969, J uses the same device to travel back in time to July 15, 1969 and goes to Coney Island to kill Boris and save K and the world. However, he ends up arrested by young K, who takes him to MiB Headquarters and prepares to neuralyze him, but decides at the last minute to investigate J's claims that he traveled from the future to protect him. K and J follow clues, leading them to a bowling alley The Factory, where they encounter an alien named Griffin, in possession of the ArcNet. Griffin, who can see all possible future timelines and outcomes, senses Boris is coming and flees, but tells J and K where to meet him so he can give them the ArcNet. There, Boris captures Griffin. J and K rescue Griffin, acquiring the ArcNet. Young Boris escapes and Old Boris arrives on the early morning of July 16 and they team up.

Upon learning that they must go to Cape Canaveral so they can attach the ArcNet to the Apollo 11 rocket to deploy it in space, J reveals that Boris will kill K, who takes the news badly. J, K, Griffin fly there using jetpacks, but they are stopped and arrested by the military. After J and K fail to convince a colonel, Griffin shows him the future, revealing to him the importance of their mission, he assists them in getting to the launch site; as the agents climb up the rocket's launch tower, they are attacked by both old Boris. Unable to stop old Boris, J uses his time-travel device to evade his attacks and so he can knock him off one of the launch tower bridges. K shoots off young Boris's left arm, knocking him off of the tower while restoring the timeline. K attaches the ArcNet to the rocket and it is deployed when the rocket launches, with old Boris incinerated by the rocket exhaust. Young Boris attacks K on a beach. Boris, knowing he is going to be arrested from his older self, goads K to do just so, but this provokes K into killing him, thus preventing the cycle from repeating.

The colonel's young son James arrives and when he inquires about his father, K neuralyzes him and tells him only that his father is a hero. Observing from afar, J realizes that the young boy is himself, the colonel was his father, K has been watching over him his whole life and that he was there when the timeline changed, thus explaining why he was the only one who remembered K in the alternate 2012. With his mission complete, J returns to 2012, where he reconciles with K, who tells him the Boglodites are extinct. Griffin observes this, says it is his new favorite moment in human history. Will Smith as Agent J Cayen Martin as Young Agent J Tommy Lee Jones as Agent K Josh Brolin as Young Agent K Jemaine Clement as Boris the Animal Emma Thompson as Agent O Alice Eve as Young Agent O Michael Stuhlbarg as Griffin Mike Colter as Colonel James Darrell Edwards Jr. Michael Chernus as Jeffrey Price Nicole Scherzinger as Lily David Rasche as Agent X Keone Young as Mr. Wu Bill Hader as Agent W Will Arnett as Agent AA Lanny Flaherty as Obadiah PriceJustin Bieber, Lady Gaga, Yao Ming, Tim Burton make uncredited cameo appearances as aliens on the TV monitors.

Rick Baker appears in a cameo as the Brain Alien. Will Arnett portrays J's partner in the altered timeline. Tony Shalhoub has an uncredited cameo as a 1960s Newsdealer; the film's premise was first proposed to director Barry Sonnenfeld by Will Smith during the filming of Men in Black II in 2002, with Smith sugge

Robert Axelrod

Robert Marshall Axelrod is an American political scientist. He is Professor of Political Science and Public Policy at the University of Michigan where he has been since 1974, he is best known for his interdisciplinary work the evolution of cooperation, cited in numerous articles. His current research interests include complexity theory, international security, cyber security. Axelrod is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. Axelrod is a Senior Fellow at ARTIS International. Axelrod received his B. A. in mathematics from the University of Chicago in 1964. In 1969, he received his Ph. D. in political science from Yale University for a thesis entitled Conflict of interest: a theory of divergent goals with applications to politics. He taught at the University of California, from 1968 until 1974. Among his honors and awards are membership in the National Academy of Sciences, a five-year MacArthur Prize Fellowship, the Newcomb Cleveland Prize of the American Association for the Advancement of Sciences for an outstanding contribution to science.

He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1985. In 1990 Axelrod was awarded the inaugural NAS Award for Behavioral Research Relevant to the Prevention of Nuclear War from the National Academy of Sciences. Axelrod has consulted and lectured on promoting cooperation and harnessing complexity for the United Nations, the World Bank, the U. S. Department of Defense, various organizations serving health care professionals, business leaders, K–12 educators. Axelrod was the President of the American Political Science Association for the 2006–2007 term, he focused his term on the theme of interdisciplinarity. In May 2006, Axelrod was awarded an honorary degree by Georgetown University. In 2013, he was awarded the Johan Skytte Prize in Political Science. In 2014, President Barack Obama presented Axelrod with a National Medal of Science. On May 28, 2015, he was awarded an honorary doctorate by Harvard University. Axelrod, Robert. Conflict of interest: a theory of divergent goals with applications to politics.

Markham Pub. Co. Retrieved 28 April 2012. Axelrod, Structure of Decision: The Cognitive Map of Political Elites, Princeton University Press, ISBN 978-0-691-10050-0 Axelrod, The Evolution of Cooperation, Basic Books, ISBN 978-0-465-02122-2 Axelrod, The Complexity of Cooperation: Agent-Based Models of Competition and Collaboration, Princeton University Press, ISBN 978-0-691-01567-5 Axelrod, The Evolution of Cooperation, Perseus Books Group, ISBN 978-0-465-00564-2 Axelrod, Robert. Harnessing Complexity. Basic Books. ISBN 978-0-465-00550-5. Retrieved 28 April 2012. Axelrod, Robert. "The evolution of cooperation". Science. 211: 1390–1396. Doi:10.1126/science.7466396. PMID 7466396. Axelrod, Robert. "The dissemination of culture: a model with local convergence and global polarization". Journal of Conflict Resolution. 41: 203–226. Doi:10.1177/0022002797041002001. Axelrod, Robert.

Dick Humphreys

Dick Humphreys was a member of the Irish Volunteers and participated in the Easter Rising in 1916, serving in the General Post Office with his uncle, The O'Rahilly. Born in Limerick in 1896, Humphreys was a son of Dr. David Humphreys and Nell Humphreys and a brother of Sheila Humphreys; the family moved to Dublin in 1909 and was a pupil in Padraig Pearse's school, St. Enda's, in Ranelagh and in Rathfarnham when the school moved there. After the Easter rising, Humphreys was arrested and detained in Wakefield Prison where he wrote an account of the events of Easter week He was a member of the IRA during the War of Independence, 1919–21, was imprisoned in Mountjoy Prison where he went on hunger strike. In November 1920 he qualified as a barrister in King's Inns; as part of the 50 year commemoration of the rising in 1966 his reminiscences of Easter week were recorded by RTÉ. An excerpt from his account of the rising formed part of the 2016 commemorative exhibition by the National Library of Ireland

David Bryant (bowls)

David John Bryant is a former three-times World singles bowls champion and three-times a World indoors singles champion. He is considered to be the greatest bowler of all time, he won the inaugural World Outdoor singles title at Kyeemagh in 1966 and went on to win five gold medals. He won eleven medals in total, from 1966 until 1988. Bryant claimed a double gold medal at the 1962 British Empire and Commonwealth Games in Perth in both the singles and fours; this was the catalyst for four singles gold medals and five gold Commonwealth Games gold medals in total. The singles golds were in 1962, 1970, 1974 and 1978. No bowls competition was held at the 1966 Commonwealth Games which arguably stopped Bryant from winning a fifth. Bryant reached legendary status indoors after winning nine World Championships, three in singles and six in the pairs with Tony Allcock. Bryant helped his county win the Middleton Cup on numerous occasions, where among his Somerset teammates was former Scottish League internationalist footballer Bobby Black.

In addition to the Middleton Cup victories he was crowned National Champion on 16 occasions for Somerset. Singles - 1960, 1966, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975 Pairs - 1965, 1969, 1970 Triples - 1966, 1977, 1985 Fours - 1957, 1968, 1969, 1971 In 1969 he was awarded the Member of the Order of the British Empire for services to bowls, in 1980 he was awarded the Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire, again for services to bowls. Bryant was famous for smoking a tobacco pipe whilst playing, in 1986 was honoured with the award for Pipe Smoker of the Year, his father Reginald Bryant won three National fours/rinks titles. Bryant has written many books on the subject of bowls, including: Bryant on Bowls — Outdoor & Indoor 1966 ISBN 0-304-93687-1 Bowl with Bryant 1984 ISBN 0-00-218025-1 The Game of Bowls 1990 ISBN 1-85225-101-8 Bowl to Win 1994 ISBN 0-00-218523-7 List of Bowls England champions David Bryant on the Somerset Bowls Association website

Les Guthman

Les Guthman is an American director and production executive, who has the distinction of both having produced three of the 20 Top Adventure Films of All Time, according to Men’s Journal magazine, having won the National Academy of Science’s nationwide competition to find the best new idea in science television, which led to his film, Three Nights at the Keck, hosted by actor John Lithgow. He is producer and writer of the Advanced LIGO Documentary Project, a four-year collaboration with Caltech, MIT and the LIGO Laboratory, funded by the National Science Foundation, MathWorks and Caltech; the Advanced LIGO Documentary Project was formed in the summer of 2015 to document and produce the definitive documentary about Advanced LIGO's search for, expected detection of, the first gravitational waves, a discovery that would open up the 95% of the universe, dark to our existing observatories and space based telescopes -- the violent warped side described by Caltech's Kip Thorne 25 years ago in Black Holes and Time Warps.

On September 14, 2015, Guthman and his team were on location filming at the LIGO Livingston Observatory when the historic detection was made. Over the next five months, he had exclusive film access to document the long, careful process of scientific verification, conducted by the LIGO Scientific Collaboration to confirm that the received signal was in fact a gravitational wave, as predicted by Albert Einstein more than 100 years ago. On October 3, 2017 LIGO physicists Rai Weiss, Kip Thorne and Barry Barish won the Nobel Prize in Physics. Principal photography on the documentary finished in Stockholm for the Nobel Week in December 2017, his feature documentary LIGO was completed in May 2019. In December 2019, National Geographic named the LIGO detections at the top of its list of The 20 Top Scientific Discoveries of the Decade. Guthman produced the two LIGO programs at the 2016 World Science Festival in New York, including the main stage Saturday night panel moderated by physicist and best-selling author Brian Greene, featuring Weiss and Barish, three of their colleagues and four short videos from the Advanced LIGO Documentary Project's exclusive footage inside the discovery.

In 2013-2014, Guthman worked with New York Times executive editor Jill Abramson to create a science television series based on the newspaper's Science Times section. For five years from 2008-2013, he was involved in 3D production and research, while making two feature documentaries in HD, Skiing Everest and Saturn’s Embrace, along with building the XPLR Channel and brand for webcasting adventure, expedition and science documentaries in partnership with Ted Leonsis' and on Amazon Video. As part of his 3D work, Guthman licensed the exclusive worldwide 3D rights to Carnaval in Rio de Janeiro, in a partnership with Brazil's TV Globo. Guthman was chairman of The Explorers Club's annual Artist in Exploration competition, sponsored by Rolex, he is a Fellow of the Royal Canadian Geographical Society. As founding Executive Vice President and Executive Producer of Outside Television, Les Guthman produced 28 feature-length expedition and environmental documentaries, including Michael Brown’s Farther Than the Eye Can See, nominated for two primetime Emmy Awards in 2004, the awards for Outstanding Sports Documentary and Outstanding Sports Cinematography.

Farther Than the Eye Can See, the film of blind climber Erik Weihenmayer’s renowned ascent of Mt. Everest, won 18 international film festival awards. Altogether, there have been 204 film festival screenings of Guthman’s films since 2002 and they have won 32 film festival awards. Outside was the second major American magazine that Guthman brought to national television. In 1991, he created and produced the Discover Magazine series at the Walt Disney Company, based on Discover Magazine, he produced Discover Magazine for two seasons on The Disney Channel, working with Disney President and CEO Frank Wells, moved it to the Discovery Channel, where it became a signature series. At the same time, he developed an unproduced series with HBO based on a comedian’s view of science. One of the other highlights of Guthman's leadership of Outside Television was the expedition and expedition film, Into the Tsangpo Gorge, which he produced and co-wrote with director Scott Lindgren; the expedition achieved the epic first whitewater descent of the “Everest of rivers," through the 18,000-ft.-deep Tsangpo Gorge in Tibet and was recognized by The Explorers Club as one of the most accomplished expeditions of modern times.

Into the Tsangpo Gorge aired on NBC Sports in May 2002. Into the Tsangpo Gorge and Farther Than the Eye Can See, along with his production, Into the Thunder Dragon, by filmmaker Sean White, were honored by Men’s Journal magazine as three of the 20 Top Adventure Films of All Time, his Outside Television production, In the Shadow of the Condor won the 2001 Teddy Award for Best Conservation Film, named in honor of President Theodore Roosevelt. His production The Teachings of Moises Chavez was runner-up for the same award in 2002, he co-created and produced the CableAce Award-nominated science series 21st Century, which included the last interview with Dr. Jonas Salk, discoverer of the polio vaccine. 21st Century hosted by NPR and KCRW host Warren Olney. Guthman has directed 13 documentaries, including Messner, the first documentary about Reinhold Messner, world’s greatest mountain climber, since Werner Herzog’s The Dark Glow of the Mountains in 1984. Messner was an Opening Night selection of the Mountainfilm in Telluride festival in 2004.

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