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Title 47 CFR Part 15

Code of Federal Regulations, Title 47, Part 15 is an oft-quoted part of Federal Communications Commission rules and regulations regarding unlicensed transmissions. It is a part of Title 47 of the Code of Federal Regulations, regulates everything from spurious emissions to unlicensed low-power broadcasting. Nearly every electronics device sold inside the United States radiates unintentional emissions, must be reviewed to comply with Part 15 before it can be advertised or sold in the US market. Subpart A includes 21 sections from 15.1 to 15.38. 47 C. F. R. 15.1b states that any radiator, whether or not intentional, must be licensed unless it meets 47 CFR 15 or is otherwise exempted by the FCC. 47 C. F. R. 15.3 the definitions are defined by the definition given. 47 C. F. R. 15.5 contains a general provision that devices may not cause interference and must accept interference from other sources. It prohibits the operation of devices once the operator is notified by the FCC that the device is causing interference.

47 C. F. R. 15.5d prohibits intentional damped wave transmissions such as spark-gap transmitters which were common before the 1920s but occupy a needlessly wide range of frequencies. 47 C. F. R. 15.9 prohibits operating a device under Part 15 for the purpose of eavesdropping, except when under lawful authority of law enforcement or when all parties in a conversation consent. Subpart B deals with unintentional radiators—devices for which the purpose is not to produce radio waves, but which do anyway, such as computers. There are 16 sections between 15.101 and 15.123. Subpart C deals with devices that are designed to produce coherent radio waves, such as small transmitters. Specific to broadcasting, 15.221 deal with the AM band. 15.247 covers most Wi-Fi frequencies that aren't U-NII. Sections 15.301 to 15.323 deal with unlicensed PCS devices from 1.91 to 1.93 GHz. Cordless telephones using DECT 6.0 standards use this unlicensed PCS band. 15.401 to 15.407 deal with unlicensed National Information Infrastructure devices 15.501 to 15.525 deal with ultra-wideband devices, including ground-penetrating radar.

15.601 to 15.615 deal with broadband over power lines devices operating in the 1.705–80 MHz band over medium- or low-voltage lines. 15.701 to 15.717 deal with, TV-band devices that operate on an available television channel in the broadcast television band. An available channel is a 6 megahertz television channel, not being used by an authorized service in a given geographical location, thus may be used by unlicensed devices under the provisions of this rule part. Unintentional radiators are designated into two major classes: Class A Device marketed for use in business/industrial/commercial environments. Class B Device marketed for use in a residential environment, notwithstanding use in industrial or commercial environmentsThe emission limits for Class B devices are about 10 dB more restrictive than those for Class A devices since they are more to be located closer to radio and television receivers; these devices include personal computers and peripheral devices, electrical ballasts for fluorescent lights.

On the standard AM broadcast band, transmission power is limited by 100 milliwatts of DC input power to the final RF stage, or, under 15.221, if the AM transmission originates on the campus of an educational institution, the transmission can theoretically be any power so long as it does not exceed the field strength limits stated in 15.209 at the perimeter of the campus, 24,000/fkHz μV/m. Unlicensed broadcasts on the FM broadcast band are limited to a field strength of 250 μV/m at a distance of 3 meters from the antenna; this is equivalent to 0.01 microwatts. Emissions must be kept within the 88.0 to 108.0 MHz band under Part 15 rules. Unlicensed broadcasts on the TV broadcast bands are prohibited, except for certain medical telemetry devices, wireless microphones, other "low power auxiliary" stations with an output of 50 mW or less. 87.5 to 88.0 MHz is considered part of the VHF TV low band. For TV, 15.241 and 15.242 deal with high VHF, 15.242 deals with UHF. Encountered types of "Part 15" transmitters include: 802.11 wireless LANs:: 2.4 GHz, 5 GHz 802.15 PANs: 2.4 GHz Cordless phones: 900 MHz.

Small FM radio transmitters designed to hook to the audio output of an iPod or other portable audio device and broadcast the audio so that it can be heard through a car audio system, not equipped with an audio input. Low power transmitters referred to as "talking roadsign", "talking houses" or "talking billboards", which will air a repeating loop of highway construction, promotional or advertising information; these transmitters operate on empty channels on the AM broadcast band. A sign placed near the transmitter is used to entice passersby to tune in; the talking house gets its name from the fact that many such transmitters are installed at houses that are up for sale, thus enabling a passerby to find out details about the interior of the house without touring the building. It has been reported that some talking house transmitters have been modified by users to operate at unauthorized power levels, sometimes using external antenna systems, to yield signals exceeding the limitations authorized under Part 15.

The FCC has found some of these

Julian Symons

Julian Gustave Symons was a British crime writer and poet. He wrote social and military history and studies of literature, he was born in Clapham and died in Walmer, Kent. Julian Symons was born in London to a Russian or Polish-born father and an English mother of French and Spanish antecedents, he was a younger brother, the biographer, of writer A. J. A. Symons, he left school at 14. He founded the poetry magazine Twentieth Century Verse in 1937. "He turned to crime writing in a light–hearted way before the war and soon afterwards established himself as a leading exponent of it, though his use of irony to show the violence behind the respectable masks of society place many of his books on the level of the orthodox novel." As an early Trotskyist, he applied for recognition as an anti-capitalist conscientious objector in World War II, but was refused by his tribunal. He chose not to appeal, ended up in the Royal Armoured Corps 1942 to 1944, when he was invalided out with a non-battle-related arm injury.

After a period as an advertising copywriter, he became a full-time writer in 1947. During his career he won two Edgar Awards from the Mystery Writers of America and, in 1982, received the MWA's Grand Master Award. Symons served as the president of the Detection Club from 1976 till 1985. Symons's 1972 book Bloody Murder: From the Detective Story to the Crime Novel is one of the best-known critical works in the field of crime fiction. Revised editions were published in 1985, 1992 and in 1994. Symons highlighted the distinction between the classic puzzler mystery, associated with such writers as Agatha Christie and John Dickson Carr, the more modern "crime novel," which puts emphasis on psychology and motivation. Symons published over thirty crime novels and story collections between 1945 and 1994, his works combined elements of both the detective story and the crime novel, but leaned toward the latter, with an emphasis on character and psychology which anticipated crime fiction writers such as Ruth Rendell and P.

D. James, his novels tend to focus on ordinary people drawn into a murderous chain of events. Novels typical of his style include The Colour of Murder, the Edgar-winning The Progress of a Crime, The Man Whose Dreams Came True The Man Who Lost His Wife and The Plot Against Roger Ryder. Symons wrote two modern-day Sherlock Holmes pastiches, as well as a pastiche set in the 1920s. In A Three Pipe Problem, the detective was "...a television actor, Sheridan Hayes, who wears the mask of Sherlock Holmes and assumes his character. The book neatly reversed the usual theme of the criminal behind the mask by having a rather commonplace man wearing the mask of the great detective." The Kentish Manor Murders was written in 1988. For his 1981 book The Great Detectives, he wrote a Sherlock Holmes pastiche instead of a biographical sketch. Entitled "How a Hermit was Disturbed in His Retirement," the events of the tale take place in the 1920s as Sherlock Holmes is drawn out of retirement to solve an unusual missing persons case.

The story was included in the collection The Further Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, in which it was given the more Doylean title of "The Adventure of Hillerman Hall." He made occasional forays into historical mystery, such as The Blackheath Poisonings, filmed for television in 1992. The Immaterial Murder Case A Man Called Jones Bland Beginning The Thirty-First of February The Broken Penny The Narrowing Circle The Paper Chase, as Bogue's Fortune The Colour of Murder The Gigantic Shadow, as The Pipe Dream The Progress of a Crime The Killing of Francie Lake, as The Plain Man The End of Solomon Grundy The Belting Inheritance The Man Who Killed Himself The Man Whose Dreams Came True The Man Who Lost His Wife The Players and the Game The Plot Against Roger Rider A Three-Pipe Problem The Blackheath Poisonings Sweet Adelaide The Detling Murders, as The Detling Secret The Name of Annabel Lee The Criminal Comedy of the Contented Couple, as A Criminal Comedy The Kentish Manor Murders Death's Darkest Face Something Like a Love Affair Playing Happy Families A Sort of Virtue: A Political Crime Novel Murder!

Murder! Francis Quarles Investigates How to Trap a Crook The Great Detectives: Seven Original Investigations The Tigers of Subtopia Did Sherlock Holmes Meet Hercule... Collected in The Man Who Hated Television The Man Who Hated Television A Julian Symons Sherlockian Duet The Detections of Francis Quarles A J A Symons: His Life & Speculations biography Charles Dickens Thomas Carlyle; the life and ideas of a prophet biography Criminal Acts Horatio Bottomley biography The General Strike – A Historical Portrait A Reasonable Doubt non-fiction The Thirties: a Dream Revolved revised 1975 Buller’s Campaign military history England's Pride: The Story of the Gordon Relief Expedition military history Crime and Detection: An Illustrated History from 1840 Critical Occasions essays Between the Wars history Notes From Another Country autobiograp

Martina Schumacher

Martina Schumacher is a painter and conceptual artist. Concomitantly while attending Royal College of Art in London, Schumacher was a master student under the tutelage of Prof. Georg Baselitz at Berlin University of the Arts, where she was awarded a Master of Advanced Studies degree in 2002. Schumacher is a recipient of the Georg Meistermann Art Prize. Though her works entail unusual materials such as plastic gels, pools of ink and tinted fluids, but not paint itself, Schumacher’s use of form and colour is said to derive from painterly thinking. About her largescale monochromatic painting "Along the Square", the Marli Hoppe-Ritter Collection observes that the work "brings key questions about painting together—such as the relationship between surface and depth, the effect of colour, last but not least the relationship between concrete geometrical form and the representation of visible reality." An essay in the artist's 2012 catalog focusses on Schumacher's use of reflective materials: "Extension of space through mirrored surfaces is patently Schumacherian.

The imaginary and real co-mingle in a spatial mirror painting, ensnared by its reflective surfaces and coaxed into dialogue by the entranced viewer."Schumacher's paintings have been exhibited at Museum Ritter in Waldenbuch, Museum Bochum, Temporäre Kunsthalle Berlin, Kunstverein Arnsberg, Kunstverein Bochum, Wilhelm Hack Museum in Ludwigshafen, Märkisches Museum in Witten, Mehdi Chouakri Gallery in Berlin, Lombard-Freid Fine Arts in New York, her work appears in permanent collections including the Richard Massey Foundation of Arts and Science in New York, the Marli Hoppe-Ritter Collection, MONA in Tasmania

Michel Zunino

Michel Zunino, Knight of the Légion d'honneur, was a French wine grower and politician. Zunino was a Member of Parliament, representing Var from 1936 to 1942 and 1946 to 1956. Additionally, he represented Var in the first and second Constituent National Assemblies after the war, he was active in the cooperative movement amongst wine growers. Zunino served in the First World War, achieved the rank of captain in the artillery, he was injured twice in the war. In 1931 Zunino became mayor of La Garde, he became general councilor in 1934. In 1935 he ran for the a seat in the Senate on the list of the French Section of the Workers International, but without getting elected. After the election he became vice president of the General Council. In the 1936 election he was elected with 7,894 votes, he became a member of the Marine commissions. In the National Assembly, he presented a proposal for a law to provide credits for flood victims in Var. On July 10, 1940, he became one of the Vichy 80, i.e. the eighty parliamentarians that voted against handing over the power of the state to Marshal Philippe Pétain.

He was one of four parliamentarians from Var to do so. All four of them participated in the resistance during the war. Zunino joined the National Front, became a member of Southern Zonal Committee of FN, his son, Roger Zunino, was a resistance fighter. Michel Zunino was expelled from SFIO in 1944. A few months he joined the French Communist Party. Zunino became honorary president of the United Movement of the French Resistance, he became a member of the Federal Bureau of PCF. He was elected member of the National Assembly as a communist candidate. Zunino was the sole former Popular Front parliamentarian from SFIO, re-elected to parliament as a communist candidate

Hub Arkush

Herb "Hub" Arkush is an American football sportscaster and analyst. He is the editor and general manager of Chicago Football and ChicagoFootball.com, a magazine and website devoted to coverage and analysis of all things football in northern Illinois the Chicago Bears. He is the publisher and editor of Pro Football Weekly. Arkush attended Deerfield High School and attended college at Southern Illinois University before transferring to the University of Michigan, where he majored in English and physical education. Since 2013, Arkush has teamed with Shaw Media to lead the Chicago Football project. Chicago Football is a magazine, website and TV show dedicated to coverage of the Bears and other football topics relevant to northern Illinois, he created and co-hosted the syndicated Pro Football Weekly radio and TV shows, worked as a radio commentator on the Chicago Bears Radio Network from 1987–2004. Since 2006 he has served as an analyst and sideline reporter on the Westwood One national radio broadcasts of NFL games, is a contributor to WBBM and WBBM-TV.

As an NFL insider, he is a regular fill-in host and contributor to most of the talk radio shows at WSCR. Arkush and his wife, have three children, he is of Romanian descent. Hub Arkush on IMDb Hub Arkush on Twitter

Hugh Pendexter

Hugh Pendexter was an American journalist and screenwriter. For much of his life, Pendexter lived in Maine, he spent several years as a teacher of Latin and Greek in Maine High schools and left that work to enter newspaper work in Rochester, N. Y. where he worked on the Rochester Post Express. After twelve years as news writer he returned to Norway, where he married Helen M. Faunce, devoted his entire time to fiction writing. Pendexter was a friend of the writer Talbot Mundy. Pendexter began his career as a humorous writer. Pendexter's main body of fiction consisted of historical novels and Westerns for such publications as Adventure and Argosy. Pendexter was known for his detailed research. For Short Stories magazine, Pendexter wrote a series of mystery stories featuring "Jeff Fanchon, Inquirer". Fanchon was a Manhattan-based detective of partial Native American ancestry. For the same publication Pendexter created deliberately comical Western stories about Hiram Polk, The Shorthorn Kid. Pendexter's Red Trails and The Shadow of the Tomahawk revolve around the struggle between frontiersmen and Native Americans during Dunmore's War.

Pendexter's novel, Kings of the Missouri about fur trading and the founding of St. Louis, is regarded by some critics as his best work. Tiberius Smith The young gem-hunters.