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Lethrinus olivaceus

Lethrinus olivaceus, common name Longface emperor or Long-nosed emperor, is a species of bony fishes belonging to the family Lethrinidae. Lethrinus olivaceus can reach a length of about 70–100 centimetres; this large lethrinid has a long snout, with dark wavy streaks. The basic color of the body is olive-grayish with various irregular darker blotches, but it can have different colour and pattern for a better camouflage, it has 9 dorsal soft rays, 3 anal spines and 8 anal soft rays. Juveniles show a more forked caudal fin; this species is similar to Lethrinus microdon. This species is widespread in Indo-West Pacific, from Red Sea and East Africa to Samoa and Ryukyu Islands, it is a reef-associated species and it can be found in lagoons, in sandy coastal areas and in reef slopes, at depths of 1 to 185 m. These active and fast swimming fishes occur in large schools, but adults are solitary, they are found in small schools with Lethrinus microdon. They feed on crustaceans and fishes. NCBI Animal Diversity Photos of Lethrinus olivaceus on Sealife Collection

Egyptian New Zealanders

Egyptian New Zealanders are New Zealand citizens and New Zealand permanent residents of Egyptian descent. According to the New Zealand 2013 Census, 1,110 New Zealand citizens and permanent residents declared that they were of Egyptian descent. Many Egyptian New Zealanders are of "Coptic" ancestry; the term Coptic ordinarily refers to adherents of Coptic Christianity, but when used as a term referring to ethnicity means "Egyptian". Copt as an ethnonym is etymologically derived from the Greek "Aiguptious", via the Late Egyptian "Gyptios", via the Classical Arabic "Qubt", into the English "Copt", ordinarily refers to Coptic Christian Egyptians, though there have been instances of Muslim Egyptians referring to themselves as "Copts" to emphasise the non-Arabian ancestral origin of Egyptians in general; the majority of Egyptian New Zealanders are Christians, predominantly Coptic Christianity, in contrast to the religious affiliation to Islam of the majority of the population of ethnic Egyptians within modern Egypt.

Centuries of a steady continuous rate of conversions of the local indigenous Egyptian population has resulted in modern Egypt's Muslim majority, although the indigenous Christian Church of Egypt has retained a sizeable minority throughout its history, up until today. Christians comprise much in New Zealand and elsewhere; the majority religion of Egypt before the introduction of Islam from Arabia was Christianity, prior to introduction of Christianity to Egypt the majority religion was the Ancient Egyptian religion. Some New Zealand citizens and residents declared membership of the Coptic Orthodox Church. Most Egyptian Christians, may have declared themselves "Christian" without specifying the Coptic denomination, while other Egyptian Christians may belong to various other denominations, either born into or converted. Emigration from Egypt was significant in the late 1940s and 1950s, disproportionately so for non-Muslim religious minorities escaping the growing Arab nationalist movement in Egypt which saw the overthrow of the Egyptian monarchy and the subsequent Suez Crisis.

In total numbers, Egyptian Christians were the largest contingent of emigrants to leave Egypt for other countries, including to New Zealand. Christians were the second largest in terms of proportion to their original community size in Egypt. Egyptian Jews, as a proportion of their original community size in Egypt, were the largest emigrant community to leave Egypt; the number of Jews in Egypt numbered around 75,000 in 1948, following the establishment of the State of Israel that same year the entire population left in the subsequent years during the Jewish exodus from Arab lands, settling in Israel, United States, Latin America, as well as Australia and New Zealand. Only 6 Jews remain in Egypt today. Arab New Zealanders Coptic Orthodox Church in Australia and New Zealand Egypt–New Zealand relations Coptic Orthodox Electronic Publishing Coptic Orthodox Diocese of Melbourne Saint Mark Coptic Orthodox Church in Auckland New Zealand

List of United States federal courthouses in California

Following is a list of current and former courthouses of the United States federal court system located in California. Each entry indicates the name of the building along with an image, if available, its location and the jurisdiction it covers, the dates during which it was used for each such jurisdiction, and, if applicable the person for whom it was named, the date of renaming. Dates of use will not correspond with the dates of construction or demolition of a building, as pre-existing structures may be adapted for court use, former court buildings may be put to other uses; the official name of the building may be changed at some point after its use as a federal court building has been initiated. Historic federal courthouses in California from the Federal Judicial Center "California Federal Buildings". General Services Administration. U. S. Marshals Service Central District of California Courthouse Locations U. S. Marshals Service Eastern District of California Courthouse Locations U. S. Marshals Service Northern District of California Courthouse Locations U.

S. Marshals Service Southern District of California Courthouse Locations

Rajka Vali

Valerija Raukar, most known by her stage name Rajka Vali, was a Croatian pop music singer who enjoyed success through the 1940s and 1950s. Raukar was born in a Croat family in the east Syrmian town of Ruma, she began singing in the school choir in high school in Zagreb. Her professional singer career began accidentally in 1943. One of members of Trio Delinski was ill and there was an urgent need for replacement. Valerija Raukar was dragged by her friends into the studio of Krugovalna postaja Zagreb, she sang with Trio Delinski until the end of World War II. Afterwards she continued as a vocal soloist, she sang in duets with Croatian legend Ivo Robić, Zvonimir Krkljuš and Bruno Petrali. She studied architecture in Zagreb and graduated in 1955, she was married twice. Her first marriage was with known pre-World War II Croatian jazz musician Bojan Hohnjec, who influenced her early singing style, her second husband was known Croatian jazz musician, drummer Marjan Moša Marjanović. In 1960 Rajka Vali moved with her husband to Germany.

She had concerts in France and Germany. She ended her singing career due to her career as architect. In Germany she specialized medical technique and projecting, so she designed several clinics and hospitals. In the 1980s she returned to Croatia. Rajka Vali recorded 26 singles for Jugoton in the period of 1951 to 1957. Only 19 of those records are saved. Incomplete list of singles Ti si radost mi sva Ti si biće mog sna Mambo, mambo, 1954 Dal' znaš?, 1954 Često se pitam Svatko za nečim čezne Srček dela tika taka - Rajka Vali i Ivo Robić Plavi dim, 1955 Ti i ja Kad bi me volio Je li ljubav to San je želja U iščekivanju Tampico Baš je divan sunčan dan - Rajka Vali i Ivo Robic Tvoj - Rajka Vali i Ivo Robić Sastanak Kapljice kišeIn 2001 Croatia Records made a tribute to forgotten Croatian stars. Prozor u pedesete: Zaboravljene zvijezde, Forgotten Stars — trostruki luksuzni album: Zvonimir Krkljuš, Rajka Vali, Bruno Petrali pjevaju vam svoje uspjehe, Croatia Records, Perfekt Music, 2001 Rajka Vali interview Barikada - World of Music - Rajka Vali Vijenac Nada Vrkljan-Križić: Ispravljena nepravda, December 27, 2001

Solar Turbines

Solar Turbines Incorporated, a wholly owned subsidiary of Caterpillar Inc. designs and manufactures industrial gas turbines for onshore and offshore electrical power generation, for marine propulsion and for producing and transporting natural gas and oil. The company traces its history to the 1927 founding of the Prudden-San Diego Airplane Company, which became the Solar Aircraft Company in 1929. Through the Great Depression they produced components for other manufacturers, growing during World War II and diversifying into non-aircraft products after the war. During this period they won a number of contracts to produce jet engine components. Convinced that the gas turbine was the prime mover of the future, the company invested in the development of small turbines; the turbine never came to be the main prime mover, but Solar's expertise in small turbines found a number of niche roles. The company was purchased by International Harvester Company in early 1960, becoming the Solar Division of International Harvester in 1963.

In 1973 the Solar Division exited the aerospace industry to focus on industrial turbines. In 1975 the development and manufacture of the Solar Division's radial engines was moved into a newly formed Radial Engines Group, renamed the Turbomach Division in 1980. Solar Turbines Incorporated became a wholly owned subsidiary of Caterpillar Tractor Co. after Caterpillar purchased the assets of the Solar Division and the Turbomach division from International Harvester on 31 May 1981. In 1985, Caterpillar sold the Turbomach Division to Sundstrand Corporation. Solar Turbines traces its roots to the Prudden-San Diego Airplane Company, a partnership founded in 1927 between George Prudden and seven San Diego area businessmen. Due to differences in management philosophy between Prudden and his investors, Prudden left the company in November 1928. In March 1929 Prudden-San Diego Airplane Company changed its name to Solar Aircraft Company, a reference to San Diego's sunny climate. Solar Aircraft Company's main product was an all-metal passenger aircraft powered by three Siemens & Halske radial engines.

Due to the Great Depression in 1929, the company was unable to market the aircraft and made only three airplanes. The sales failure of the tri-motor airplane due to the Great Depression led Solar Aircraft Company into making parts for other manufacturers hard-to-manufacture parts able to withstand high-temperatures, such as stainless steel exhaust manifolds. By 1939 Solar Aircraft Company had a work force of 229. Military orders during World War II led to rapid expansion and by the end of the war the company had a workforce of 5,000 part of a massive effort to build more than 300,000 exhaust manifolds for U. S. airplanes. Business dropped after World War II and the management developed a plan to diversify into producing other stainless steel products including caskets, frying pans, bulk milk containers and redwood furniture. Solar's expertise in hard-to-manufacture parts able to withstand high-temperatures led to contracts to produce jet engine components. Solar Aircraft began to design and manufacture completed turbine engines for the United States military for applications such as auxiliary power units and rocket engine components of guided missiles.

Solar Aircraft continued to expand its product line and grow its business until it was purchased by International Harvester Company in early 1960, becoming the Solar Division of International Harvester in 1963. Solar Aircraft Company's expertise in high-temperature metallurgy led to work producing components for some of the first US jet engines, including the General Electric I-40 and a contract from the US Navy to build an afterburner for the Westinghouse J34. Solar Aircraft Company won contracts for the Allison J33, Allison J35, Avro Canada Orenda, Bristol Olympus, it was during this time that one of its engineers, Wendell Reed developed the pneumatic engine microjet controller, for which he won the Wright Brothers Medal in 1955 and which became used for gas turbines and ramjets. This controller is described in "Flight" magazine, 2 December 1955. Solar Aircraft Company's work in the jet engine field convinced the company's president, Edmund Price, that the turbine would be the main prime mover in the future.

Solar Aircraft Company assembled a team under the direction of Paul Pitt in 1946 and started developing a small 80 horsepower axial-flow turbine as an auxiliary power unit for the US Army Air Force's Convair B-36 strategic bomber. The Army canceled this contract, but Solar Aircraft Company soon won a contract from the US Navy in 1947 for a 250 kW system to provide emergency power on ships. First running in 1949, the T-400 would go on to provide power on minesweepers and landing craft. Solar did win the contract to provide the APU for the first 632 KC-135A tankers for the Strategic Air Command. In 1947 Leon Wosika and Eric Balje set up a second design line and developed a centrifugal-flow system, much more compact than Solar's previous designs. Known as the MPM-45, the unit was delivered as the 45 horsepower "Mars"; the Navy purchased the Mars to power portable fire fighting pumps on ships and gave it the designation T41. In 1956 the Navy turned to Solar to provide a larger design to power a small helicopter, the Gyrodyne XRON-1.

Solar Aircraft Company responded by developing a larger version of the Mars, the 55 horsepower "Titan", which the Navy designated the T62. When the Navy abandoned development of Gyrodyne's XRON helicopter, Solar Aircraft Company adapted the Titan for service as an auxiliary power unit. Deliveries of this auxiliary power unit started in 1962. The