Earth vs. the Flying Saucers
Earth vs. the Flying Saucers is a 1956 American black-and-white science fiction film from Columbia Pictures, produced by Charles H. Schneer, directed by Fred F. Sears, that stars Hugh Marlowe and Joan Taylor. Earth vs. the Flying Saucers was released as a double feature with The Werewolf. The film's storyline was suggested by the bestselling, non-fiction book Flying Saucers from Outer Space by Maj. Donald Keyhoe; the film's stop-motion animation special effects were created by Ray Harryhausen. Scientist Dr. Russell Marvin and his new bride Carol are driving to work when a flying saucer appears overhead. Without proof of the encounter, other than a tape recording of the ship's sound, Dr. Marvin is hesitant to notify his superiors, he is in charge of Project Skyhook, an American space program that has launched 10 research satellites into orbit. General Hanley, Carol's father, informs Marvin that many of the satellites have since fallen back to Earth. Marvin admits that he has lost contact with all of them and suspects alien involvement.
The Marvins witness the 11th falling from the sky shortly after launch. When a saucer lands at Skyhook the next day, a group of aliens in metallic suits exit, the infantry guards open fire, resulting in the death of one alien, while others and the saucer are protected by a force field; the aliens proceed to kill everyone at the facility but the Marvins. Too late, Russell discovers and decodes a message on his tape recorder: the aliens wanted to meet with Dr. Marvin and landed in peace at Skyhook for that purpose, but instead, they were met with violence. Impatient to conduct that meeting after everything has gone sideways, Marvin contacts the aliens and steals away to meet them, followed by Carol and Major Huglin, they and a pursuing motorcycle patrol officer are taken aboard a saucer, where the aliens extract knowledge directly from the General's brain. The aliens explain, they have shot down all the launched satellites. As proof of their power, the aliens give Dr. Marvin the coordinates of a naval destroyer that opened fire on them, which they have since destroyed.
Horrified by the cold, unempathic nature of the aliens, Carol begins to break down, the patrol officer, despite an attempt by Marvin to stop him, pulls his revolver and fires on the aliens. The alien explains that they will return General Hanley and the patrol officer; as the interaction continues, Carol becomes irrational, while Marvin tries to remain calm. Major Huglin and the Marvins are released with the message that the aliens want to meet with the world's leaders in 56 days in Washington, D. C. to negotiate an occupation of Earth. Dr. Marvin's observations discover that the aliens' protective suits are made of solidified electricity, grant them advanced auditory perception. From other observations, Marvin develops a counter-weapon against their flying saucers, which he successfully tests against a single saucer; as they escape, the aliens jettison Gen. Hanley and the patrol officer, both falling to their deaths. Groups of alien saucers attack Washington, Paris and Moscow, but are destroyed by Dr. Marvin's sonic weapon.
The defenders discover that the aliens can be killed by simple small arms gunfire once they are outside the force fields of their saucers. With the alien threat eliminated, Dr. Marvin and Carol celebrate the victory by going back to their favorite beach, resuming their lives as newlyweds. Special effects expert Ray Harryhausen animated the film's flying saucers using stop-motion animation. Harryhausen animated the falling masonry when saucers crash into various government buildings and monuments in order to make the action appear realistic; some figure animation was used to show the aliens emerging from the saucers. A considerable amount of stock footage was used, notably scenes during the invasion that showed batteries of U. S. 90 mm an early missile launch. Stock footage of the destruction of the warship HMS Barham during World War II was used for the United States Navy destroyer, sunk by a flying saucer. Satellite launch depictions made use of stock film images from a Viking rocket launch and a failure of a German V-2 rocket.
The aircraft that are shown crashing after being hit by an alien ray is actual stock footage shot of a real military aircraft accident that happened during World War II, on July 23, 1944. The voice of the aliens was produced from a recording made by Paul Frees reading their lines and hand-jiggling the speed control of an analog reel-to-reel tape recorder, so that it continually wavered from a slow bass voice to one, high and fast. During a question-and-answer period at a tribute to Ray Harryhausen and a screening of Jason and the Argonauts held in Sydney, Harryhausen said he sought advice from noted 1950s UFO "contactee" George Adamski on the depiction of the flying saucers used in the film, he noted that Adamski appeared to have grown paranoid by that time. The film's iconic flying saucer design matches descriptions given to Maj. Donald Keyhoe of flying disc sightings in his best-selling flying saucer book. From contemporary reviews, Earth vs. the Flying Saucers was reviewed in Variety, where the reviewer noted that the special effects were the real stars of the film.
"This exploitation programmer does a satisfactory job of enter
Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer and colonist who completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean under the auspices of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain. He led the first European expeditions to the Caribbean, Central America, South America, initiating the permanent European colonization of the Americas. Columbus discovered the viable sailing route to the Americas, a continent, not known to the Old World. While what he thought he had discovered was a route to the Far East, he is credited with the opening of the Americas for conquest and settlement by Europeans. Columbus's early life is somewhat obscure, but scholars agree that he was born in the Republic of Genoa and spoke a dialect of Ligurian as his first language, he went to sea at a young age and travelled as far north as the British Isles and as far south as what is now Ghana. He married Portuguese noblewoman Filipa Moniz Perestrelo and was based in Lisbon for several years, but took a Spanish mistress. Though self-educated, Columbus was read in geography and history.
He formulated a plan to seek a western sea passage to the East Indies, hoping to profit from the lucrative spice trade. After years of lobbying, the Catholic Monarchs of Spain agreed to sponsor a journey west, in the name of the Crown of Castile. Columbus left Spain in August 1492 with three ships, after a stopover in the Canary Islands made landfall in the Americas on 12 October, his landing place was an island in the Bahamas, known by its native inhabitants as Guanahani. Columbus subsequently visited Cuba and Hispaniola, establishing a colony in what is now Haiti—the first European settlement in the Americas since the Norse colonies 500 years earlier, he arrived back in Spain in early 1493. Word of his discoveries soon spread throughout Europe. Columbus would make three further voyages to the New World, exploring the Lesser Antilles in 1493, Trinidad and the northern coast of South America in 1498, the eastern coast of Central America in 1502. Many of the names he gave to geographical features—particularly islands—are still in use.
He continued to seek a passage to the East Indies, the extent to which he was aware that the Americas were a wholly separate landmass is uncertain. Columbus's strained relationship with the Spanish crown and its appointed colonial administrators in America led to his arrest and removal from Hispaniola in 1500, to protracted litigation over the benefits that he and his heirs claimed were owed to them by the crown. Columbus's expeditions inaugurated a period of exploration and colonization that lasted for centuries, helping create the modern Western world; the transfers between the Old World and New World that followed his first voyage are known as the Columbian exchange, the period of human habitation in the Americas prior to his arrival is known as the Pre-Columbian era. Columbus's legacy continues to be debated, he was venerated in the centuries after his death, but public perceptions have changed as recent scholars have given attention to negative aspects of his life, such as his role in the extinction of the Taíno people, his promotion of slavery, allegations of tyranny towards Spanish colonists.
Many landmarks and institutions in the Western Hemisphere bear his name, including the country of Colombia. The name Christopher Columbus is the Anglicisation of the Latin Christophorus Columbus, his name in Ligurian is Cristoffa Corombo, in Italian Cristoforo Colombo, in Spanish is Cristóbal Colón, in Portuguese is Cristóvão Colombo. He was born before 31 October 1451 in the territory of the Republic of Genoa, though the exact location remains disputed, his father was Domenico Colombo, a middle-class wool weaver who worked both in Genoa and Savona and who owned a cheese stand at which young Christopher worked as a helper. His mother was Susanna Fontanarossa. Bartolomeo, Giovanni Pellegrino, Giacomo were his brothers. Bartolomeo worked in a cartography workshop in Lisbon for at least part of his adulthood, he had a sister named Bianchinetta. Columbus never wrote in his native language, presumed to have been a Genoese variety of Ligurian: his name in the 16th-century Genoese language would have been Cristoffa Corombo.
In one of his writings, he says he went to sea at the age of 10. In 1470, the Columbus family moved to Savona. In the same year, Christopher was on a Genoese ship hired in the service of René of Anjou to support his attempt to conquer the Kingdom of Naples; some modern historians have argued that he was not from Genoa but, from the Aragon region of Spain or from Portugal. These competing hypotheses have been discounted by mainstream scholars. In 1473, Columbus began his apprenticeship as business agent for the important Centurione, Di Negro and Spinola families of Genoa, he made a trip to Chios, an Aegean island ruled by Genoa. In May 1476, he took part in an armed convoy sent by Genoa to carry valuable cargo to northern Europe, he docked in Bristol and Galway, Ireland. In 1477, he was in Iceland. In the autumn of 1477, he sailed on a Portuguese ship from Galway to Lisbon, where he found his brother Bartolomeo, they continued trading for the Centurione family. Columbus based himself in Lisbon from 1477 to 1485.
He married Filipa Moniz Perestrelo, daughter of the Porto Santo governor and Portuguese nobleman of
The Twilight Zone (1959 TV series)
The Twilight Zone is an American anthology television series created and presented by Rod Serling, which ran for five seasons on CBS from 1959 to 1964. Each episode presents a stand-alone story in which characters find themselves dealing with disturbing or unusual events, an experience described as entering "the Twilight Zone," ending with a surprise ending and a moral. Although predominantly science-fiction, the show's paranormal and Kafkaesque events leaned the show towards fantasy and horror; the phrase “twilight zone,” inspired by the series, is used to describe surreal experiences. The series featured both established stars and younger actors who would become much better known later. Serling served as executive head writer, he was the show's host and narrator, delivering monologues at the beginning and end of each episode. Serling's opening and closing narrations summarize the episode's events encapsulating how and why the main character had entered the Twilight Zone. In 1997, the episodes "To Serve Man" and "It's a Good Life" were ranked at 11 and 31 on TV Guide's 100 Greatest Episodes of All Time.
Serling himself stated that his favorite episodes of the series were "The Invaders" and "Time Enough at Last". In 2016, the series was ranked No. 7 on Rolling Stone's list of the 100 greatest shows of all time. In 2002, The Twilight Zone was ranked No. 26 on TV Guide's 50 Greatest TV Shows of All Time. In 2013, the Writers Guild of America ranked it as the third best-written TV series and TV Guide ranked it as the fourth greatest drama and the fifth greatest show of all time. By the late 1950s, Rod Serling was a prominent name in American television, his successful television plays included Patterns and Requiem for a Heavyweight, but constant changes and edits made by the networks and sponsors frustrated Serling. In Requiem for a Heavyweight, the line "Got a match?" had to be struck because the sponsor sold lighters. But according to comments in his 1957 anthology Patterns, Serling had been trying to delve into material more controversial than his works of the early 1950s; this led to Noon on Doomsday for the United States Steel Hour in 1956, a commentary by Serling on the defensiveness and total lack of repentance he saw in the Mississippi town where the murder of Emmett Till took place.
His original script paralleled the Till case was moved out of the South and the victim changed to a Jewish pawnbroker, watered down to just a foreigner in an unnamed town. Despite bad reviews, activists sent numerous wires protesting the production. Serling thought that a science-fictional setting, with robots and other supernatural occurrences, would give him more freedom and less interference in expressing controversial ideas than more realistic settings. "The Time Element" was Serling's 1957 pilot pitch for his show, a time travel adventure about a man who travels back to Honolulu in 1941 and unsuccessfully tries to warn everyone about the impending attack on Pearl Harbor. The script, was rejected and shelved for a year until Bert Granet discovered and produced it as an episode of Desilu Playhouse in 1958; the show was a great success and enabled Serling to begin production on his anthology series, The Twilight Zone. Serling's editorial sense of ironic fate in the writing done for the series was identified as significant to its success by the BFI Film Classics library which stated that for Serling "the cruel indifference and implacability of fate and the irony of poetic justice" were recurrent themes in his plots.
There is a fifth dimension, beyond that, known to man. It is a dimension as timeless as infinity, it is the middle ground between light and shadow, between science and superstition, it lies between the pit of man's fears and the summit of his knowledge. This is the dimension of imagination, it is an area. The Twilight Zone premiered the night of October 1959, to rave reviews. "Twilight Zone is about the only show on the air that I look forward to seeing. It's the one series that I will let interfere with other plans", said Terry Turner for the Chicago Daily News. Others agreed. Daily Variety ranked it with "the best, accomplished in half-hour filmed television" and the New York Herald Tribune found the show to be "certainly the best and most original anthology series of the year"; as the show proved popular to television's critics, it struggled to find a receptive audience of television viewers. CBS was banking on a rating of at least 21 or 22; the series' future was jeopardized when its third episode, "Mr. Denton on Doomsday" earned a 16.3 rating.
Still, the show attracted a large enough audience to survive a brief hiatus in November, after which it surpassed its competition on ABC and NBC and convinced its sponsors to stay on until the end of the season. With one exception, the first season featured scripts written only by Rod Serling, Charles Beaumont or Richard Matheson; these three were responsible for 127 of the 156 episodes in the series. Additionally, with one exception, Serling never appeared on camera during any first-season episode (as he woul
The Day the Earth Stood Still
The Day the Earth Stood Still is a 1951 American black-and-white science fiction film from 20th Century Fox, produced by Julian Blaustein and directed by Robert Wise. The film stars Michael Rennie, Patricia Neal, Billy Gray, Hugh Marlowe, Sam Jaffe; the screenplay was written by Edmund H. North, based on the 1940 science fiction short story "Farewell to the Master" by Harry Bates, the film score was composed by Bernard Herrmann; the storyline for The Day the Earth Stood Still involves a humanoid alien visitor named Klaatu that comes to Earth, accompanied by a powerful eight-foot tall robot, Gort, to deliver an important message that will affect the entire human race. In 1995, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry as "culturally or aesthetically significant"; when a flying saucer lands in Washington, D. C. the Army surrounds it. A humanoid emerges from the spacecraft and announces that he comes "in peace and with good will"; when he unexpectedly removes and opens a small device, he is wounded by a nervous soldier.
A tall robot emerges from the saucer and disintegrates the Army's weapons. The alien orders the robot, Gort, to desist, he explains that the now-broken device was a gift for the President which would have enabled him "to study life on the other planets". The alien, Klaatu, is taken to Walter Reed Hospital. After surgery, he uses a salve to heal his wound. Meanwhile, the Army is unable to enter the saucer. Klaatu tells the President's secretary, Mr. Harley, that he has a message that must be delivered to all of the world's leaders simultaneously. Harley tells him. Klaatu suggests that he be allowed to go among humans to better understand their "unreasoning suspicions and attitudes". Harley rejects the proposal, Klaatu remains under guard. Klaatu escapes and lodges at a boarding house as "Mr. Carpenter", the name on the dry cleaner's tag on a suit he acquired. Among the residents are young widow Helen Benson and her son Bobby; the following morning, Klaatu listens to the boarders speculate about the alien's motivations.
While Helen and her boyfriend Tom Stevens are not at home, Klaatu is a babysitter for Bobby. The boy takes Klaatu on a tour of the city, including a visit to his father's grave in Arlington National Cemetery, they visit the Lincoln Memorial, at the guarded spaceship Klaatu asks Bobby who the greatest living person is. Bobby takes Klaatu to Barnhardt's home. Klaatu adds an equation to assist in solving a mathematical problem on Barnhardt's blackboard, leaves his contact information with the suspicious housekeeper. During the evening a government agent accompanies Klaatu to Barnhardt. Klaatu explains that the people of other planets are concerned now that humanity has developed rockets and a rudimentary form of atomic power. Klaatu declares that if his message is ignored, "Earth will be eliminated". Barnhardt agrees to gather scientists from around the world at the saucer. Klaatu returns to his spaceship that night, unaware. Bobby sees Gort render two soldiers unconscious and Klaatu enter the saucer.
Bobby tells Helen and Tom what he saw, but they do not believe him until Tom takes a diamond he found in Klaatu's room to a jeweler and learns it is "unlike any other on Earth". Klaatu finds Helen at her workplace, they take an empty service elevator, which stops at noon, he has neutralized all electricity everywhere for 30 minutes, except for such essential services as hospitals and airplanes in flight. Klaatu reveals his true identity to Helen, asks for her help, explains his mission. After Tom informs the authorities of his suspicions, Helen breaks up with him, she and Klaatu decide to visit Barnhardt's home. On the way there, he tells her that should anything happen to him, she must say to Gort, "Klaatu barada nikto", their taxi is hemmed in. Helen heads to the saucer. Gort kills two soldiers standing watch and advances on her. Before fainting, Helen utters Klaatu's words. Gort carries her into the spaceship leaves to retrieve Klaatu's body. Gort brings Klaatu back to life. Klaatu addresses Barnhardt's assembled scientists, informing them that he represents an interplanetary organization that created a police force of invincible robots like Gort.
"In matters of aggression, we have given them absolute power over us". Klaatu concludes, "Your choice is simple: join us and live in peace, or pursue your present course and face obliteration. We will be waiting for your answer". Klaatu and Gort depart. Cast notes Well-known broadcast journalists of their time, H. V. Kaltenborn, Elmer Davis, Drew Pearson, Gabriel Heatter, appeared and/or were heard as themselves in cameo roles. Spencer Tracy and Claude Rains were considered for the part of Klaatu. In a 1995 interview, producer Julian Blaustein explained that Joseph Breen, the film censor installed by the Motion Picture Association of America at the Twentieth Century Fox studios, balked at the portrayal of Klaatu's resurrection and limitless power. At the behest of the MPAA, a line was written into the script.
Carleton Scott Young was an American character actor born in New York City, New York and known for his deep voice. Young appeared in 235 American film roles with his first being The Fighting Marines, he ended his career in the 1973 television series The Magician. He was a member of the John Ford Stock Company. Other films Young was cast in are: Reefer Madness, Navy Blues, Dick Tracy, Valley of the Sun, Flying Leathernecks, The Day the Earth Stood Still, From Here to Eternity, Walt Disney's adaptation of Jules Verne's 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea as John Howard, The Horse Soldiers. Portraying a newspaper editor in The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance, his memorable line was: "No Sir, this is the West: When the legend becomes fact, print the legend." The same year, Young appeared in Alfred Hitchcock's North by Northwest. His radio career included a brief star turn as the title role in a short-lived crime drama, The Whisperer, somewhat loosely derived from the longtime crime hit The Whistler. Young played attorney Philip Gault, whose voice was destroyed in an accident, who developed a sardonic whisper to compensate until his voice was restored, using a whispering persona to infiltrate the underworld where he steered unsuspecting mobsters into the clutches of the law as represented by his real identity as a lawyer.
Young's other roles in radio programs included those shown in the table below. Other television programs on which Young was cast include: Schlitz Playhouse of Stars, Boston Blackie, ABC Album, Racket Squad, The Whistler, The Adventures of Wild Bill Hickok, The Donna Reed Show. Young had a few interests beyond acting, forming the Los Angeles Smog Corp. to manufacture cans of "Genuine Los Angeles Smog", which were sold in the "Fun Shop" at Farmers Market. Hal Tamblin was listed as a vice president of the corporation, according to a 1962 item in The Times, Art Ryon, author of The Times' "Ham on Ryon" column, claimed to be an executive of the whimsical outfit. Salesman Stan Goodman of Baldwinsville, NY, a longtime friend of Mr. Young and his wife Noel, came up with the idea to sell the city's notoriously polluted air so tourists could take an authentic "slice" of Hollywood back home. Goodman's grandson, attorney Robert C. Goodman of San Francisco, still owns one of the few extant cans of vintage LA smog captured in time by Young's Los Angeles Smog Corp.
Young was married from 1945 until his death in 1994 to Noel Toy, an exotic dancer and actress whom he met when he caught her dance act at New York's Latin Quarter and was smitten. Carleton Young on IMDb Carleton Young at the Internet Broadway Database Villains and Supporting Players: Carleton Young Carleton Young at Find a Grave
Whiteman Air Force Base
Whiteman Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base located 2 miles south of Knob Noster, MO. The host unit at Whiteman AFB is the 509th Bomb Wing, assigned to the Eighth Air Force of the Air Force Global Strike Command; the 509 BW operates the Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit stealth bomber, designed to be employed to strike high-value targets that are either out of range of conventional aircraft or considered to be too defended for conventional aircraft to strike without a high risk of loss. Whiteman AFB was established in 1942 as Sedalia Glider Base. Whiteman AFB is a joint-service base, with Air Force and Navy units, its host unit is the U. S. Air Force's 509th Bomb Wing. Tenant units include the Missouri Air National Guard's 131st Bomb Wing, the Air Force Reserve Command's 442nd Fighter Wing, the Missouri Army National Guard's 1st Battalion, 135th Aviation Regiment and the U. S. Navy Reserve's Maritime Expeditionary Security Force Unit 114. Whiteman AFB is the only permanent base for the B-2 stealth bomber.
Whiteman can launch combat sorties directly from Missouri to any part of the globe, engaging adversaries with nuclear or conventional weapon payloads. The 509th Bomb Wing first flew the B-2 in combat against Serbia in March 1999. Whiteman B-2s led the way for America's military response to the terrorist attacks on New York and Washington D. C. in September 2001. B-2 bombers were the first U. S. aircraft to enter Afghanistan airspace in October 2001, paving the way for other coalition aircraft to engage Taliban and Al-Qaeda forces. During these operations, the aircraft flew round-trip from Missouri, logging combat missions in excess of 40 hours – the longest on record. Other aircraft assigned to Whiteman include the Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II ground-attack fighter; the 509th Bomb Wing consists of the following groups: 509th Operations Group B-2 Spirit. The 131 BW is operationally-gained by the Air Force Global Strike Command. 131st Operations Group110th Bomb Squadron B-2 Spirit. Active Guard and Reserve and Air Reserve Technician personnel work full-time, with part-time Traditional Guardsmen pilots funded for Additional Flying Training Periods and serving five to ten days per month.
Otherwise, the majority of the 131st Bomb Wing support personnel, performs military duty at Whiteman only one weekend per month for drill. In August 2013, the 131st Bomb Wing became the only Air National Guard bomb wing to be certified to conduct nuclear operations; the 442nd Fighter Wing, an Air Force Reserve Command unit controlled by the Tenth Air Force, is a tenant unit at Whiteman AFB and is operationally gained by the Air Combat Command. The 442 FW flies the A-10 Thunderbolt II. 442nd Operations Group 303rd Fighter Squadron442nd Maintenance Group 442nd Mission Support GroupIn addition, the wing boasts the 442nd Medical Squadron, as well as a wing staff. There are two geographically separated units that report to the 442nd Fighter Wing; the 710th Medical Squadron and 610th Intelligence Operations Flight, both located at Offutt Air Force Base, look to the 442 FW for support in accomplishing their missions. In addition, the 476th Fighter Group stationed at Moody Air Force Base, Georgia, is an Air Force Reserve Command unit under the oversight of the 442 FW as a geographically-separated unit.
Otherwise, the 476 FG is linked to the active duty 23rd Fighter 23rd Wing at Moody. The 442 FW oversees the 476 FG's administrative and mission-support needs not provided by Moody's host active duty wing; the 476 FG consists of the following squadrons and flights: 76th Fighter Squadron A-10 Thunderbolt II 476th Maintenance Squadron 476th Medical FlightThe Missouri Army National Guard's 1st Battalion, 135th Aviation Regiment is a tenant unit at Whiteman AFB, flying the AH-64 Apache. The Navy Reserve's Maritime Expeditionary Security Force, Division 11, is located at Whiteman AFB, providing light, short-duration, point-defense Anti-Terrorism Force Protection forces for USN ships and aircraft and other high-value assets in locations where U. S. or host-nation security infrastructure is either non-existent. Named in honor of 2nd Lieutenant George Allison Whiteman. On 7 December 1941, Lieutenant Whiteman attempted to take off from Bellows Field during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Hit by enemy fire, his P-40 Warhawk crashed and Lieutenant Whiteman became the first member of the United States armed forces to die in aerial combat in World War II.
The base had its beginnings in 1942 when U. S. Army Air Corps officials selected the site of the present-day base to be the home of Sedalia Army Air Field and a traini
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City. It was founded in 1923 and run by Henry Luce. A European edition is published in London and covers the Middle East, and, since 2003, Latin America. An Asian edition is based in Hong Kong; the South Pacific edition, which covers Australia, New Zealand, the Pacific Islands, is based in Sydney. In December 2008, Time discontinued publishing a Canadian advertiser edition. Time has the world's largest circulation for a weekly news magazine; the print edition has a readership of 26 million. In mid-2012, its circulation was over three million, which had lowered to two million by late 2017. Richard Stengel was the managing editor from May 2006 to October 2013, when he joined the U. S. State Department. Nancy Gibbs was the managing editor from September 2013 until September 2017, she was succeeded by Edward Felsenthal, Time's digital editor. Time magazine was created in 1923 by Briton Hadden and Henry Luce, making it the first weekly news magazine in the United States.
The two had worked together as chairman and managing editor of the Yale Daily News. They first called the proposed magazine Facts, they wanted to emphasize brevity. They changed the name to Time and used the slogan "Take Time–It's Brief". Hadden was liked to tease Luce, he saw Time as important, but fun, which accounted for its heavy coverage of celebrities, the entertainment industry, pop culture—criticized as too light for serious news. It set out to tell the news through people, for many decades, the magazine's cover depicted a single person. More Time has incorporated "People of the Year" issues which grew in popularity over the years. Notable mentions of them were Steve Jobs, etc.. The first issue of Time was published on March 3, 1923, featuring Joseph G. Cannon, the retired Speaker of the House of Representatives, on its cover. 1, including all of the articles and advertisements contained in the original, was included with copies of the February 28, 1938 issue as a commemoration of the magazine's 15th anniversary.
The cover price was 15¢ On Hadden's death in 1929, Luce became the dominant man at Time and a major figure in the history of 20th-century media. According to Time Inc.: The Intimate History of a Publishing Enterprise 1972–2004 by Robert Elson, "Roy Edward Larsen was to play a role second only to Luce's in the development of Time Inc". In his book, The March of Time, 1935–1951, Raymond Fielding noted that Larsen was "originally circulation manager and general manager of Time publisher of Life, for many years president of Time Inc. and in the long history of the corporation the most influential and important figure after Luce". Around the time they were raising $100,000 from wealthy Yale alumni such as Henry P. Davison, partner of J. P. Morgan & Co. publicity man Martin Egan and J. P. Morgan & Co. banker Dwight Morrow, Henry Luce, Briton Hadden hired Larsen in 1922 – although Larsen was a Harvard graduate and Luce and Hadden were Yale graduates. After Hadden died in 1929, Larsen purchased 550 shares of Time Inc. using money he obtained from selling RKO stock which he had inherited from his father, the head of the Benjamin Franklin Keith theatre chain in New England.
However, after Briton Hadden's death, the largest Time, Inc. stockholder was Henry Luce, who ruled the media conglomerate in an autocratic fashion, "at his right hand was Larsen", Time's second-largest stockholder, according to Time Inc.: The Intimate History of a Publishing Enterprise 1923–1941. In 1929, Roy Larsen was named a Time Inc. director and vice president. J. P. Morgan retained a certain control through two directorates and a share of stocks, both over Time and Fortune. Other shareholders were the New York Trust Company; the Time Inc. stock owned by Luce at the time of his death was worth about $109 million, it had been yielding him a yearly dividend of more than $2.4 million, according to Curtis Prendergast's The World of Time Inc.: The Intimate History of a Changing Enterprise 1957–1983. The Larsen family's Time stock was worth around $80 million during the 1960s, Roy Larsen was both a Time Inc. director and the chairman of its executive committee serving as Time's vice chairman of the board until the middle of 1979.
According to the September 10, 1979, issue of The New York Times, "Mr. Larsen was the only employee in the company's history given an exemption from its policy of mandatory retirement at age 65." After Time magazine began publishing its weekly issues in March 1923, Roy Larsen was able to increase its circulation by using U. S. radio and movie theaters around the world. It promoted both Time magazine and U. S. political and corporate interests. According to The March of Time, as early as 1924, Larsen had brought Time into the infant radio business with the broadcast of a 15-minute sustaining quiz show entitled Pop Question which survived until 1925". In 1928, Larsen "undertook the weekly broadcast of a 10-minute programme series of brief news summaries, drawn from current issues of Time magazine, broadcast over 33 stations throughout the United States". Larsen next arranged for a 30-minute radio program, The March of Time, to be broadcast over CBS, beginning on March 6, 1931; each week, the program presented a dramatisation of the week's news for its listeners, thus Time magazine itself was brought "to the attention of millions unaware