A wiki is a website on which users collaboratively modify content and structure directly from the web browser. In a typical wiki, text is written using a simplified markup language and edited with the help of a rich-text editor. A wiki is run using wiki software, otherwise known as a wiki engine. A wiki engine is a type of content management system, but it differs from most other such systems, including blog software, in that the content is created without any defined owner or leader, wikis have little inherent structure, allowing structure to emerge according to the needs of the users. There are dozens of different wiki engines in use, both standalone and part of other software, such as bug tracking systems; some wiki engines are open source. Some permit control over different functions. Others may permit access without enforcing access control. Other rules may be imposed to organize content; the online encyclopedia project Wikipedia is the most popular wiki-based website, is one of the most viewed sites in the world, having been ranked in the top ten since 2007.
Wikipedia is not a single wiki but rather a collection of hundreds of wikis, with each one pertaining to a specific language. In addition to Wikipedia, there are tens of thousands of other wikis in use, both public and private, including wikis functioning as knowledge management resources, notetaking tools, community websites, intranets; the English-language Wikipedia has the largest collection of articles. Ward Cunningham, the developer of the first wiki software, WikiWikiWeb described wiki as "the simplest online database that could work". "Wiki" is a Hawaiian word meaning "quick". Ward Cunningham and co-author Bo Leuf, in their book The Wiki Way: Quick Collaboration on the Web, described the essence of the Wiki concept as follows: A wiki invites all users—not just experts—to edit any page or to create new pages within the wiki Web site, using only a standard "plain-vanilla" Web browser without any extra add-ons. Wiki promotes meaningful topic associations between different pages by making page link creation intuitively easy and showing whether an intended target page exists or not.
A wiki is not a crafted site created by experts and professional writers, designed for casual visitors. Instead, it seeks to involve the typical visitor/user in an ongoing process of creation and collaboration that changes the website landscape. A wiki enables communities of contributors to write documents collaboratively. All that people require to contribute is a computer, Internet access, a web browser, a basic understanding of a simple markup language. A single page in a wiki website is referred to as a "wiki page", while the entire collection of pages, which are well-interconnected by hyperlinks, is "the wiki". A wiki is a database for creating and searching through information. A wiki allows non-linear, evolving and networked text, while allowing for editor argument and interaction regarding the content and formatting. A defining characteristic of wiki technology is the ease with which pages can be created and updated. There is no review by a moderator or gatekeeper before modifications are accepted and thus lead to changes on the website.
Many wikis are open to alteration by the general public without requiring registration of user accounts. Many edits can be made in real-time and appear instantly online, but this feature facilitates abuse of the system. Private wiki servers require user authentication to edit pages, sometimes to read them. Maged N. Kamel Boulos, Cito Maramba, Steve Wheeler write that the open wikis produce a process of Social Darwinism. "'Unfit' sentences and sections are ruthlessly culled and replaced if they are not considered'fit', which results in the evolution of a higher quality and more relevant page. While such openness may invite'vandalism' and the posting of untrue information, this same openness makes it possible to correct or restore a'quality' wiki page." Some wikis have an Edit button or link directly on the page being viewed, if the user has permission to edit the page. This can lead to a text-based editing page where participants can structure and format wiki pages with a simplified markup language, sometimes known as Wikitext, Wiki markup or Wikicode.
An example of this is the VisualEditor on Wikipedia. WYSIWYG controls do not, always provide
Benjamin Lafayette Sisko is a fictional character in the Star Trek franchise. He appears in the television series Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, he is portrayed by actor Avery Brooks. The character was featured prominently on the television show between 1993 and 1999, which aired on syndicated television in the United States, he was the lead in the third major Star Trek live-action television series after Star Trek and Star Trek: The Next Generation. The character has been utilized in various books and video games of the Star Trek franchise. Born in 2332 in New Orleans, Benjamin is the son of Joseph Sisko, the chef and owner of the restaurant "Sisko's Creole Kitchen," or "Sisko's" for short, his birth mother was a human woman named Sarah. However, Sarah was possessed by one of the Bajoran Prophets, manipulated into marrying Joseph in order to conceive Benjamin. Sarah and Joseph were married until Sarah disappeared two days after Ben's first birthday, when the life-form left her body, she died in an accident several years later.
Joseph met and married another woman, who went on to raise Benjamin as her own son. Benjamin remained unaware of these events until well into his adulthood and long after he had otherwise made contact with the Bajoran Prophets. Ben has a sister named Judith, at least two brothers. Sisko entered Starfleet Academy in 2350. During his sophomore year, he was in a field-study assignment on Starbase 137, he met a woman named Jennifer in Babylon, New York, on Gilgo Beach, shortly after graduating from the Academy. The two wed and had a son named Jake; as a Starfleet officer coming up through the ranks, Sisko was mentored by Curzon Dax, a joined Trill serving as United Federation of Planets ambassador to the Klingon Empire, when the two were stationed aboard the USS Livingston early in Sisko's career. The symbiotic nature of the joined Trill becomes a significant aspect to Sisko's relationships with his science officer Jadzia Dax and counselor Ezri Dax. Sisko served aboard the USS Okinawa under Captain Leyton, who saw command potential in the young officer.
It was during this assignment that Sisko and Leyton fought in the war between the Federation and the Tzenkethi. Sisko transferred to the USS Saratoga as its first officer. In early 2367, the Saratoga was one of the 40 Starfleet vessels involved in the Battle of Wolf 359 against the Borg. In an attempt to gain knowledge about Starfleet defenses, the Borg assimilated Captain Jean-Luc Picard of the U. S. S. Enterprise, creating a Borg drone known as Locutus. In the ensuing battle, all of the starships at Wolf 359 were destroyed, an estimated 11,000 people were lost. Afterward, Sisko took a position at the Utopia Planitia Fleet Yards on Mars, overseeing the development of new ships, including the USS Defiant, which were created to contend with the Borg threat. Sisko is promoted to Captain on Stardate 48959 during the episode "The Adversary". In 2369 Sisko is assigned to the Bajoran sector to command Deep Space Nine and to help Bajor's recovery from the concluded Cardassian occupation, shepherding them toward possible membership in the Federation.
Sisko and his son Jake reluctantly take up residence on the station. Recognizing that the assignment on DS9 is not an "ideal environment" in which to raise a son, Sisko contemplates resigning his commission. Adding to Sisko's discomfort is the presence of Captain Picard, who briefs him on his mission. Sisko continues to harbor deep resentment toward Picard for his role, however unwilling, in the death of his wife. Upon Sisko's first visit to Bajor, the Kai, Opaka Sulan, labels him "the Emissary of the Prophets" and gives him one of the Bajoran Orbs, that comes from Bajor's Prophets. By studying the orb and nearby stellar phenomenon, Jadzia Dax finds a location of unusual activity in the nearby Denorios Belt. Traveling there and Sisko discover the first known stable wormhole. During their return trip through the wormhole and Dax encounter the mysterious entities living within it; the devoutly spiritual Bajorans believe the wormhole to be the "Celestial Temple" and the entities to be the Prophets, respectively.
These entities exist outside linear time. Sisko's first contact with the entities is difficult for both parties. After leaving the wormhole, Sisko embraces the opportunity to move forward and command Deep Space Nine and adopts a less hostile attitude towards Picard before his departure. After the station is moved to the mouth of the wormhole to claim it for Bajor, it becomes a new hub of scientific and political activity. Sisko at first clashes with Major Kira Nerys and on more than one occasion has to rein her in by asserting his authority. However, as time passed, the two came to have great trust in each other, their relationship reached a new level of personal comfort when Sisko was injured during a battle with the Dominion and Kira did her best to care for him. During this, she realized that Sisko had kept her at a certain professional distance because of his role as the Emissary but this softened after this event. Sisko's assignment to the station saw him reunited with an old friend in a new form.
Jadzia, a female Trill and the current host to Dax had been assigned as the scie
Our Man Bashir
"Our Man Bashir" is the 82nd episode of the American science fiction television series Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, the tenth of the fourth season. It aired on November 27, 1995. in broadcast syndication. Directed by Winrich Kolbe, the story originated from a pitch by Assistant Script Coordinator Robert Gillan and was turned into a script by producer Ronald D. Moore. Both hairdressing in the episode and the score by Jay Chattaway were nominated for Emmy Awards; the show's plot involves the combination of a holodeck malfunction. Set in the 24th century, the series follows the adventures on Deep Space Nine, a space station located near a stable wormhole between the Alpha and Gamma quadrants of the Milky Way Galaxy. In this episode, Dr. Julian Bashir plays a 1960s secret agent alongside Garak in a holosuite. After a transporter accident makes several other crew members appear as characters in the program, the duo must prevent any of them from dying in the game or else they will be killed in real life.
The production team deliberately avoided holodeck malfunction related episodes as they felt they had been overused on Star Trek: The Next Generation. However, Gillian pitched the circumstances that caused the issue seen in the episode and Moore came up with the 1960s setting. One of the influences for the episode was the James Bond films, while taking its title from Our Man Flint, raised by several reviewers; this obvious influence resulted in Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer contacting the studio and the references to it in the episode "A Simple Investigation" were toned down. "Our Man Bashir" received Nielsen ratings of 6.8 percent, while the episode was praised by reviewers with particular attention paid to the performance of Avery Brooks, there was some criticism levelled at the depiction of women. Dr. Julian Bashir is in the holosuite playing a secret agent program in the 1960s. Elim Garak convinces Bashir to let him tag along. Meanwhile, Captain Benjamin Sisko, Lt Cmdr. Worf, Lt. Cmdr. Jadzia Dax, Major Kira Nerys, Chief Petty Officer Miles O'Brien are on a runabout, returning to Deep Space Nine.
As they arrive they find that their vessel has been sabotaged and that a warp core breach is imminent. Lt. Cmdr. Michael Eddington beams them out, but during transport the ship is destroyed and the transporter damaged. Eddington is forced to store their patterns until it is repaired, but this uses all of the station's memory, putting many station systems off-line, their physical patterns end up in the computer controlling the holosuite, where they appear as characters in Bashir's program. Bashir is startled to see Kira appear as a Russian spy, who introduces herself as Colonel Anastasia Komananov, KGB, she has no idea who Major Kira is. Eddington informs Bashir and Garak that they can't shut down the program or let the characters die or else they will lose the patterns of the other crew members. Komananov explains that a scientist called Dr. Noah is planning to take over the world using lasers to cut into the Earth's crust resulting in the shrinking of the tectonic plates sinking and causing global flooding.
Bashir's orders are to rescue Professor Honey Bare from Noah. Falcon attempts to assassinate Bashir, who must stop Komananov from killing him or else O'Brien's pattern will be lost. Bashir and Komananov go to a casino in Paris to speak to Duchamps, an associate of Noah. Bashir manages to buy his way into a meeting with Noah after winning the money at cards but the trio are knocked out by Duchamps using a powdered drug, they awake in Dr. Noah's lair on the upper slopes of Mount Everest. Noah enters and gives a monologue about how he will destroy the world, shows a big red button he will push to do it, he has Garak taken below ground, where they are handcuffed to a laser. As the time ticks down before the laser is activated, Bare performs a final check of the laser. Bashir flirts with her, she slips him a key and hurries out. Bashir unlocks himself and Garak, who protests that it is too dangerous to continue as the safeties are turned off in the program, which could result in their deaths. Garak is about to close the program and kill the other crew members when Bashir shoots him, grazing him with a bullet.
Garak is shocked, but impressed, agrees to continue the programme. Bashir is concerned as he expects the program will end with either the death of Professor Bare or Colonel Komananov following the defeat of Noah; the duo burst into Noah's study and Eddington tells them he will attempt to rescue Sisko and the others in two minutes. To gain time, Bashir hits the button to activate the lasers around the world; the room's occupants gasp as they realize he just annihilated the entire population of Earth except for the top of Mount Everest. Dr. Noah is still not prepared to spare Bashir, but just as he is about to shoot, Eddington is able to transfer the crew's patterns into the computers aboard the USS Defiant, they are simply beamed aboard, returning to their normal selves. In the holosuite and Garak end the program with relief: Bashir "saved the day" by "destroying the world", Garak notes. Story editor René Echevarria was keen not to have a damaged holodeck story appear, as he felt it had been overdone in Star Trek: The Next Generation.
It was specified in the information sheet sent to freelance writers that Deep Space Nine was not accepting stories involving malfunctioning holodecks. Producer Ira Steven Behr explained that the show had been looking for a unique holodeck story that would be for Deep Space Nine rather
Brian Earl Thompson is an American actor. Thompson has worked in the action adventure and science fiction genres where his stature and unique appearance lends him to imposing roles, although he has earned many comedic parts as well, his career began with a small role in the 1984 film The Terminator. His second feature was the hit comedy The Three Amigos, he played the villainous "Night Slasher" in the 1986 film Cobra. His first named role was on Werewolf, a horror series that ran during Fox's inaugural broadcasting year of 1987–1988. Thompson has played several characters in the Star Trek franchise, the Alien Bounty Hunter on The X-Files, Eddie Fiori on Kindred: The Embraced. In 2014, he produced and starred in the B movie parody The Extendables. Thompson was born in Ellensburg and raised in Longview, he attended Central Washington University, where he studied business management, played football, appeared in many school productions. He moved to California and received a Master of Fine Arts from the University of California, Irvine.
He trained and pursued a career in musical theater, performing at Riverside Civil Light Opera's production of "The King and I", Long Beach Civic Light Opera's "Bittersweet", several other musicals. In 1982, he was a resident actor at the Colorado Shakespeare Festival. Thompson's athletic build and unique facial structure were key in the initial roles he was offered, he has stated that it has been a double-edged sword when it comes to auditioning for roles, but it has provided him with consistent work. Thompson said, "If you're physical in stature, you're gonna get hired for action movies; the star's always going to be chasing someone. I'm never going to play a nebbish geek." Thompson was cast in The Terminator while still in school. He and Bill Paxton had minor roles as punk thugs, he followed that up with roles on Moonlighting, Street Hawk and Knight Rider before landing the role in the Sylvester Stallone vehicle, Cobra. Although the film was critically panned, it was a commercial success; the New York Times wrote of Thompson's portrayal, "the archvillain, a character, a cross between a James Bond fantasy villain such as Jaws and a raging psychopath, delivers a scorching monologue – a feat of linguistic sophistication that Cobra would have a hard time matching."In 1993, Thompson landed another comedic role on the large ensemble series Key West, filmed on location in the Florida Keys.
The series lasted for 13 episodes. He played a "new-age sheriff"; the character uttered the introductory line, "I'm Sheriff Cody Jeremiah Jefferson. I'm a direct descendant of the Lone Ranger. My personal heroes are Ted Nugent and Davy Crockett. I am the last real lawman and the first peace officer of the 21st century."The following year, Thompson began his tenure on The X-Files and followed that with roles in the science fiction-fantasy series Seven Days, Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Charmed. Between these, Thompson made dozens of appearances in other series and films. In 1996, he appeared in Dragonheart as the commander of the armies of David Thewlis' villainous king; the fantasy film, starring Dennis Quaid and Sean Connery, was a moderate success. Thompson returned to the big screen as lead antagonist Shao Kahn in the film adaptation of Mortal Kombat: Annihilation; the film was both a commercial failure, with a 3 % approval rating at Rotten Tomatoes. The New York Times called it "colossal compendium of logic-defying martial arts, hyperactive special effects..."
In 2014, Thompson released The Extendables, a film he produced and starred in. A parody of movies like The Expendables, Thompson stated that it contained true-to-life instances from his own career, it was released via iTunes. In 1989, Thompson landed his first Star Trek role on Star Trek: The Next Generation, his size worked against him at first, because the producers were looking to cast someone who could fit in a certain costume. He was able to convince them to give him a try: "That was the first of five auditions that I've had for Star Trek and they've hired me every time." Thompson played a Klingon in the episode "A Matter of Honor". In 1993 and 1996, he appeared in episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine as different characters. In 1994, he appeared in the feature film Star Trek Generations. In 2005, Thompson was cast as Admiral Valdore in three episodes of Star Trek: Enterprise. Thompson has since participated, to some extent, in Star Trek fandom, giving narrative DVD extras and appearing at conventions.
Thompson is a stand up paddle surfing and kitesurfing enthusiast and studies hapkido. He has two children. Official website Brian Thompson on IMDb Brian Thompson at the TCM Movie Database Brian Thompson at AllMovie
Starfleet is a fictional organization in the Star Trek media franchise. Within this fictional universe, Starfleet is a service maintained by the United Federation of Planets as the principal means for conducting deep-space exploration, defense and diplomacy. While the majority of Starfleet's members are human and it is headquartered on Earth, hundreds of other species are represented; the majority of the franchise's protagonists are Starfleet officers. During production of early episodes of the original series, several details of the makeup of the Star Trek universe had yet to be worked out, including the operating authority for the USS Enterprise; the terms Star Service, Spacefleet Command, United Earth Space Probe Agency, Space Central were all used to refer to the Enterprise's operating authority, before the term "Starfleet" became widespread from the episode "Court Martial" onwards. However, references to the United Earth Space Probe Agency, its abbreviation UESPA, are to be found in episodes of series.
For example, the Friendship One probe is marked with the letters UESPA-1 in the Star Trek: Voyager episode "Friendship One". Other background props included additional UESPA references, such as Captain Jean-Luc Picard's family album in Star Trek Generations. During the production of Star Trek: Enterprise, some larger Starfleet insignia designs included the name "United Earth Space Probe Agency". Many Star Trek: Enterprise episodes refer to Starfleet having been in operation in 2119, when it funded research begun by Cochrane and Henry Archer leading to the first successful flight of Warp 3 vessels in the 2140s; this research is said to have evolved into the NX Program, which led to Starfleet launching its first Warp 5-capable starship, Enterprise, in 2151, followed by Columbia, in 2155, as well as other vessels. However, the Starfleet, in existence before the Federation is a different organization than that of the Federation Starfleet. Starfleet acts under a Prime Directive of non-interference with developing worlds or their internal politics.
This is said not to be a Human construct, but stems from policies implemented by the Vulcans, who regarded an alien civilization's attainment of warp speed as the sign of their importance and reason for making first contact with them. The Prime Directive and Starfleet's first-contact policies are at the center of several episodes in each Star Trek series and the film Star Trek: First Contact. Starfleet Headquarters is shown to be located on Earth, northeast of the Golden Gate Bridge in the present-day Fort Baker area. Starfleet Academy is located in the same general area. Additionally, various episodes show Starfleet operating a series of starbases throughout Federation territory, as ground facilities, or as space stations in planetary orbit or in deep space. Starfleet has been shown to handle scientific and diplomatic missions, although its primary mandate seems to be peaceful exploration in the search for sentient life, as seen in the mission statements of different incarnations of the USS Enterprise.
The flagship of Starfleet is considered to be the starship USS Enterprise. Starfleet has many components, including: As early as the original Star Trek, characters refer to attending Starfleet Academy. Series establish it as an officer training facility with a four-year educational program; the main campus is located near Starfleet Headquarters in what is now California. Starfleet Command is the headquarters/command center of Starfleet; the term "Starfleet Command" is first used in TOS episode "Court Martial". Its headquarters are depicted as being in Fort Baker, across the Golden Gate from San Francisco, in Star Trek: The Motion Picture and Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home. Overlooking the Command from the other side of the Golden Gate is the permanent site of the Council of the United Federation of Planets in what is now the Presidio of San Francisco. Throughout the Star Trek franchise, the main characters' isolation from Starfleet Command compels them to make and act upon decisions without Starfleet Command's orders or information in Voyager when the main protagonists have no means of contacting Earth for several years.
StarTrek.com notes. It states: Located on San Francisco's Mare Island, with additional starship assembly facilities located in Earth orbit, Starfleet's San Francisco Navy Yards is the site where the USS Enterprise NCC-1701 was built in 2245. Captain Robert April, the Enterprise's first commanding officer, was present at the San Francisco Navy Yards when the vessel's major components were built and prepared for assembly in Starfleet's orbital drydock facilities; the Enterprise-D and USS Voyager are depicted to have been constructed at a shipyard named Utopia Planitia in Mars orbit. Utopia Planitia served as Starfleet's main ship yards throughout a large portion of Starfleet's existence. After the Enterprise-D encountered the Borg in the episode "Q Who" the size of the Utopia Planitia shipyards was doubled out of fear of a Borg strike, they were once again doubled. In the 2009 film, Jim Kirk arrives at a shipyard near his home in Iowa and boards a shuttle to enlist in Starfleet. In the 2013 sequel, Montgomery "Scotty" Scott discovers a covert Starfleet facility, near Jupiter, that has built a m
Star Trek: The Next Generation
Star Trek: The Next Generation is an American science fiction television series created by Gene Roddenberry. It aired from September 28, 1987 to May 23, 1994 on syndication, spanning 178 episodes over the course of seven seasons; the third series in the Star Trek franchise, it is the second sequel to Star Trek: The Original Series. Set in the 24th century, when Earth is part of a United Federation of Planets, it follows the adventures of a Starfleet starship, the USS Enterprise-D, in its exploration of the Milky Way galaxy. After the cancellation of The Original Series in 1969, the Star Trek franchise had continued with Star Trek: The Animated Series and a series of films, all featuring the original cast. In the 1980s, franchise creator Roddenberry decided to create a new series, featuring a new crew embarking on their mission a century after that of The Original Series; the Next Generation featured a new crew that starred Patrick Stewart as Captain Jean-Luc Picard, Jonathan Frakes as Commander William Riker, Brent Spiner as Lt. Commander Data, Michael Dorn as Lieutenant Worf, LeVar Burton as Lt. Commander Geordi La Forge, Marina Sirtis as counselor Deanna Troi, Gates McFadden as Dr. Beverly Crusher, a new Enterprise.
An introductory statement featured at the beginning of each episode's title sequence stated the ship's purpose in language similar to the opening statement of the original Star Trek series, but was updated to reflect an ongoing mission and to be gender-neutral: Space: the final frontier. These are the voyages of the starship Enterprise, its continuing mission: to explore strange new worlds, to seek out new life and new civilizations, to boldly go where no one has gone before. Roddenberry, Maurice Hurley, Rick Berman, Michael Piller, Jeri Taylor served as executive producers at various times throughout its production; the show was popular, reaching 12 million viewers in its 5th season, with the series finale in 1994 being watched by over 30 million viewers. TNG premiered the week of September 28, 1987, drawing 27 million viewers, with the two-hour pilot "Encounter at Farpoint". In total, 176 episodes were made, ending with the two-hour finale "All Good Things..." the week of May 23, 1994. The series was broadcast in first-run syndication with dates and times varying among individual television stations.
Several Star Trek series followed The Next Generation: Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, Star Trek: Voyager, Star Trek: Enterprise, Star Trek: Discovery. The series formed the basis for the seventh through the tenth of the Star Trek films, is the setting of numerous novels, comic books, video games. In its seventh season, Star Trek: The Next Generation became the first and only syndicated television series to be nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Drama Series; the series received a number of accolades, including 19 Emmy Awards, two Hugo Awards, five Saturn Awards, "The Big Goodbye" won a Peabody Award. Some of the highest rated episodes were the pilot, the finale, the two-part "Unification", "Aquiel", "A Matter of Time", "Relics". Four episodes featured actors DeForest Kelley, Mark Lenard, Leonard Nimoy, James Doohan from the original Star Trek reprising their original roles; the Star Trek franchise originated in the late 1960s, with the Star Trek television show which ran from 1966-1969.
Star Trek: The Next Generation would mark the return of Star Trek to live-action broadcast television. As early as 1972, Paramount Pictures started to consider making a Star Trek film because of the show's popularity in syndication. However, with 1977's release of Star Wars, Paramount decided not to compete in the science fiction movie category and shifted their efforts to a new Star Trek television series; the Original Series actors were approached to reprise their roles. By 1986, 20 years after the original Star Trek's debut on NBC, the franchise's longevity amazed Paramount Pictures executives. Chairman Frank Mancuso Sr. and others described it as the studio's "crown jewel", a "priceless asset" that "must not be squandered". The series was the most popular syndicated television program 17 years after cancellation, the Harve Bennett-produced, Original Series-era Star Trek films did well at the box office. William Shatner and Leonard Nimoy's salary demands for the film Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home caused the studio to plan for a new Star Trek television series.
Paramount executives worried that a new series could hurt the demand for the films, but decided that it would increase their appeal on videocassette and cable, that a series with unknown actors would be more profitable than paying the films' actors' large salaries. Roddenberry declined to be involved, but came on board as creator after being unhappy with early conceptual work. Star Trek: The Next Generation was announced on October 10, 1986, its cast in May 1987. Paramount executive Rick Berman was assigned to the series at Roddenberry's request. Roddenberry hired a number of Star Trek veterans, including Bob Justman, D. C. Fontana, Eddie Milkis and David Gerrold. Early proposals for the series included one in which some of the original series cast might appear as "elder statesmen", Roddenberry speculated as late as October 1986 that the new series might not use a spaceship, as "people might travel by some means" 100 years after the USS Enterpris
Levardis Robert Martyn Burton Jr. is an American actor, presenter and author. He is best known for his roles as Lt. Commander Geordi La Forge in Star Trek: The Next Generation, the host of the long-running PBS children's series Reading Rainbow, the young Kunta Kinte in the 1977 award-winning ABC television miniseries Roots, he has directed a number of television episodes for various iterations of Star Trek, among other programs. Burton was born at the U. S. Army Landstuhl Regional Medical Center in West Germany, his mother, Erma Gene, was a social worker and educator. His father, Levardis Robert Martyn Burton, was a photographer for the U. S. Army Signal Corps at the time he was stationed at Landstuhl. Burton and his two sisters were raised by his mother in California. Burton was raised Roman Catholic and, at the age of thirteen, entered St. Pius X Minor Seminary in Galt, California, to become a priest. While in seminary, he read works by the philosophers Laozi, Friedrich Nietzsche, Søren Kierkegaard, which caused him to question the Catholic dogma that Catholicism is the only true religion.
At seventeen, Burton graduated with the class of 1974 and enrolled at the University of Southern California with a drama scholarship. While at the University of Southern California, Burton was a member of the Sigma Alpha Mu fraternity, he is a graduate of the University of Southern California's School of Theatre. Burton first appeared on television in a drama about a misunderstood deaf boy, he made his film acting debut in 1977 when he played Kunta Kinte in the ABC award-winning drama series Roots, based on the novel by Alex Haley. Burton's audition for the role of Kinte was the first of his professional career; as a result of his performance, he was nominated for the Emmy for Best Actor in a Drama Series. Burton reprised the role of Kunta Kinte in the 1988 television film Roots: The Gift; when asked about the societal impacts of Roots, Burton is quoted as saying, "It expanded the consciousness of people. Blacks and whites began to see each other as human beings, not as stereotypes, and if you throw a pebble into the pond, you're going to get ripples.
I think the only constant is change, it's always slow. Anything that happens overnight is lacking in foundation. Roots is part of a changing trend, it's still being played out."Burton played a role as a visitor to Fantasy Island, was a participant in Battle of the Network Stars, a guest of the Muppet Show's televised premiere party for the release of The Muppet Movie, a frequent guest on several game shows. In 1986, he appeared in the music video for the song "Word Up!" by the funk/R&B group Cameo. Burton accepted an invitation to host Rebop, a multicultural series designed for young people ages 9–15, produced by WGBH for PBS. Burton was the host and executive producer of Reading Rainbow starting in 1983 for PBS; the series ran for 23 seasons, making it one of the longest-running children's programs on the network. The series garnered over 200 broadcast awards over its run, including a Peabody Award and 26 Emmy Awards, 11 of which were in the Outstanding Children's Series category. Burton himself won 12 Emmy awards as producer of the show.
After Reading Rainbow went off the air in 2006, Burton and his business partner, Mark Wolfe, acquired the global rights to the brand and formed RRKIDZ, a new media company for children. Reading Rainbow was reimagined as an all new application for the iPad in 2012, was an immediate success, becoming the number-one educational application within 36 hours. At RRKIDZ, Burton serves as co-founder and curator-in-chief, ensuring that the projects produced under the banner meet the high expectations and trust of the Reading Rainbow brand. On May 28, 2014, Burton and numerous coworkers from other past works started a Kickstarter campaign project to bring back Reading Rainbow. To keep with the changing formats to which young children are exposed, his efforts are being directed at making this new program web-based, following the success of the tablet application he helped create in recent years, his desire is to have the new Reading Rainbow be integrated into the classrooms of elementary schools across the country, for schools in need to have free access.
The Kickstarter campaign has since raised over $5 million, reaching triple its goal in only three days. In 1986, Gene Roddenberry approached Burton with the role of the Lieutenant Junior Grade Geordi La Forge in the Star Trek: The Next Generation television series; the character is blind but is granted "sight" through the use of a prosthetic device called a VISOR worn over his eyes. La Forge started out serving as the USS Enterprise's helmsman, as of the show's second season, had become its chief engineer. At the time, Burton was better known than Patrick Stewart in the United States, due to his roles in Roots and Reading Rainbow; the Associated Press stated that Burton's role was the "new Spock". Burton portrayed La Forge in the subsequent feature films based on Star Trek: The Next Generation, beginning with Star Trek Generations through Star Trek: Nemesis, he directed two episodes of Star Trek: The Next Generation, several episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, Star Trek: Voyager and Star Trek: Enterprise.
On television, Burton has helped dramatize the last days of Jim Jones's suicide cult in Guyana, the life and times of Jesse Owens, the life of the nine-year-old Booker T. Washington, he portrayed Martin Luther King Jr. in the 2001 film Ali. He portrayed Detroit Tiger Ron LeFlore in the television movie One in a Million, The Ron LeFlore Story. In 1987, Burton played Dave Robinson, a journalist, in the third season of Murder, She Wrote, episode 16 – "Death Takes a Dive", starring