Isabela, Negros Occidental
Isabela the Municipality of Isabela, is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Negros Occidental, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 62,146 people. Isabela is known for BISCOM. In 1951, the barrios of Magallon and Guinpanaan were separated from Isabela and formed into the town of Magallon. Isabela is politically subdivided into 30 barangays. "Tigkalalag" is celebrated on the evening of Nov. 2 every year in the town of Isabela. The Pana-ad victory of Tigkalalag festival is expected to boost the attraction of this unique festival that began in Purok Manacup beside the public cemetery in Isabela town where people would have fun during the night of All Souls Day, capped with a beauty pageant called Search for the White Lady, it spun off into the municipal festival under Mayor Renato Malabor, when the town was searching for a festival, going to be its tourism plank. Tigkalalag festival of Isabela turned what otherwise are morbid concepts of coffins and crashing tombs into a whimsical, tightly-designed, skillfully-choreographed presentation that sent it howling to success in yearly competition of all the festivals of Negros Occidental.
Tigkalalag is Hiligaynon for All Souls' Day. Philippine Standard Geographic Code Isabela Profile at the Official Website of Negros Occidental Philippine Census Information Municipality of Isabela Local Governance Performance Management System
Binalbagan the Municipality of Binalbagan, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Negros Occidental, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 67,270 people. Major economic activities include manufacturing, services, cottage industries and tourism. Binalbagan is known for the Binalbagan Isabela Sugar Company. Binalbagan became a town on May 15, 1572 and was one of the first two settlements of Negros Occidental. On the record, Binalbagan is the oldest town in the whole Negros Island, thereby earning the title, “Banwang Panganay” or oldest town; the municipality celebrates an annual fiesta called "The Balbagan Festival" every month of May. Binalbagan is politically subdivided into 16 barangays: thirteen rural barangays and three urban barangays. Pagla-um San Pedro Sto. Rosario Amontay Bagroy Bi-ao Canmoros Enclaro Marina Payao Progreso San Jose San Juan San Teodoro San Vicente Santol Remedios The people in the city speak the Hiligaynon language. Filipino and English are understood.
TertiaryBinalbagan Catholic College Carlos Hilado Memorial State College Southern Negros College Dynatech Industrial Institute Jose Miguel Tuason Arroyo Ignacio "Iggy" Tuason Arroyo, Jr. Augurio Abeto Ian Clark Bautista Rico Amancio Municipality of Binalbagan Official Website Binalbagan Profile at the Official Website of Negros Occidental Municipality of Binalbagan Philippine Standard Geographic Code Philippine Census Information Local Governance Performance Management System
Hinoba-an the Municipality of Hinoba-an, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Negros Occidental, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 56,819 people, it is the southernmost town of the province. It is bounded on the north by Sipalay Candoni; the total land area of Hinoba-an is 421.50 square kilometers. The town is home to the Minagahat language, the indigenous language of Southern Negros as listed by the Komisyon ng Wikang Filipino; the language is vital to the culture and arts of the people. Hinoba-an is politically subdivided into 13 barangays, two of which comprise the town proper: Alim Asia Bacuyangan Barangay I Barangay II Bulwangan Culipapa Damutan Daug Po-ok San Rafael Sangke Talacagay Formerly a part of Cauayan, Hinoba-an was inhabited by natives called "Magabat"; when immigrants from Panay came and settled in the coastal areas, the settlers began to group in the area where the town is now located. Traders visited to barter products like clothing made in Tigbauan and Guimbal in Iloilo.
Spanish authorities did not occupy Hinoba-an during their time in the province since the area was still a jungle. It was visited only by people from Cauayan and the neighboring towns for hunting purposes, hence no important events were recorded about the coming of the Spaniards in the town until the early 20th century. In the early 1900s, Don Estanislao Bilbao, a Basque émigré and patriarch of the Bilbao clan---one of the area's prominent families, begun a decades-long process of settling an area south of where Hinoba-an would come to be. In a few years, a significant plot of land had been rehabilitated to which thousands of germinating coconut husks were planted in precise rows. Maturing and bearing crop in under a decade, once coastal wilderness was transformed into copra producing land. Paddy fields were developed further inland close to irrigation sources; the subsequent grant of landownership, along with the total absence of government due to the area's remoteness, it became the basis for Don Estanislao's provisional administration of the people and the place.
He became the area's primary, sole employer. As a matter of moral imperative and practical necessity, he became the de facto Judge and Sheriff, adjudicating upon and enforcing common law. Through his marriage to Felicidad Rivas—a patrician heiress to a homesteaded parcel of land nearby, Don Estanislao doubled the size of the holding. Hand-in-hand with Dona Felicidad, they lorded over a productive agricultural expanse that, from points north to south, ostensibly stretched for miles on end; the couple's lifelong beneficence and philanthropy endeared them to the local populace making the Bilbao name well-respected and well-loved. Generations of offspring have since reaped the fruits of their enduring legacy. A few have gone on to build legacies of their own. Sons Joaquin and Francisco, daughter-in-law Teresa, have each been elected town's mayor. Today, the Bilbao's have governed the municipality for a collective span of over thirty years; when the Americans landed in Negros during World War II, Hinoba-an became a historical point of entry by the combined U.
S. and Philippine Commonwealth military forces. Col. Salvador Abcede, district commander of the 7th military district, established his island headquarters in this town during the Japanese occupation. Col. Jesús A. Villamor, aboard submarine USS Gudgeon, landed at Ubong Point and occupied Ubong Cave as command post supply food and arms to guerillas. After Liberation, Hinoba-an was rehabilitated by some of its pioneering residents. More settlements were established, schools were built, trails developed for the people's convenience in going to places and in transporting their local produce to nearby towns and villages. There was a huge influx of Cebuano-speaking people during this time. Hinoba-anons predominantly speaks Cebuano and Ilonggo, are used interchangeably everyday, making Hinoba-an one of the few bilingual municipalities in Negros Occidental. Tagalog and English are understood to some extent. Salvacion Cave along the vicinity of pebbled beaches of Brgy. Talacagay has a natural covered pools ideal for bathing.
Ubong Cave is where the late Col. Jesús A. Villamor, hero of World War II landed bringing firearms for the Philippine guerillas aboard the US Navy Submarine USS Gudgeon in 1942, establishing the first radio contact with General Douglas McArthur based in Australia at that time. List of renamed cities and municipalities in the Philippines Official government website of the Municipality of Hinoba-an Philippine Standard Geographic Code Philippine Census Information Local Governance Performance Management System
The Philippines the Republic of the Philippines, is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. Situated in the western Pacific Ocean, it consists of about 7,641 islands that are categorized broadly under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon and Mindanao; the capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both part of Metro Manila. Bounded by the South China Sea on the west, the Philippine Sea on the east and the Celebes Sea on the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Vietnam to the west, Palau to the east, Malaysia and Indonesia to the south; the Philippines' location on the Pacific Ring of Fire and close to the equator makes the Philippines prone to earthquakes and typhoons, but endows it with abundant natural resources and some of the world's greatest biodiversity. The Philippines has an area of 300,000 km2, according to the Philippines Statistical Authority and the WorldBank and, as of 2015, had a population of at least 100 million.
As of January 2018, it is the eighth-most populated country in Asia and the 12th most populated country in the world. 10 million additional Filipinos lived overseas, comprising one of the world's largest diasporas. Multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands. In prehistoric times, Negritos were some of the archipelago's earliest inhabitants, they were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples. Exchanges with Malay, Indian and Chinese nations occurred. Various competing maritime states were established under the rule of datus, rajahs and lakans; the arrival of Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer leading a fleet for the Spanish, in Homonhon, Eastern Samar in 1521 marked the beginning of Hispanic colonization. In 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip II of Spain. With the arrival of Miguel López de Legazpi from Mexico City, in 1565, the first Hispanic settlement in the archipelago was established.
The Philippines became part of the Spanish Empire for more than 300 years. This resulted in Catholicism becoming the dominant religion. During this time, Manila became the western hub of the trans-Pacific trade connecting Asia with Acapulco in the Americas using Manila galleons; as the 19th century gave way to the 20th, the Philippine Revolution followed, which spawned the short-lived First Philippine Republic, followed by the bloody Philippine–American War. The war, as well as the ensuing cholera epidemic, resulted in the deaths of thousands of combatants as well as tens of thousands of civilians. Aside from the period of Japanese occupation, the United States retained sovereignty over the islands until after World War II, when the Philippines was recognized as an independent nation. Since the unitary sovereign state has had a tumultuous experience with democracy, which included the overthrow of a dictatorship by a non-violent revolution; the Philippines is a founding member of the United Nations, World Trade Organization, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, the East Asia Summit.
It hosts the headquarters of the Asian Development Bank. The Philippines is considered to be an emerging market and a newly industrialized country, which has an economy transitioning from being based on agriculture to one based more on services and manufacturing. Along with East Timor, the Philippines is one of Southeast Asia's predominantly Christian nations; the Philippines was named in honor of King Philip II of Spain. Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos, during his expedition in 1542, named the islands of Leyte and Samar Felipinas after the then-Prince of Asturias; the name Las Islas Filipinas would be used to cover all the islands of the archipelago. Before that became commonplace, other names such as Islas del Poniente and Magellan's name for the islands San Lázaro were used by the Spanish to refer to the islands; the official name of the Philippines has changed several times in the course of its history. During the Philippine Revolution, the Malolos Congress proclaimed the establishment of the República Filipina or the Philippine Republic.
From the period of the Spanish–American War and the Philippine–American War until the Commonwealth period, American colonial authorities referred to the country as the Philippine Islands, a translation of the Spanish name. Since the end of World War II, the official name of the country has been the Republic of the Philippines. Philippines has gained currency as the common name since being the name used in Article VI of the 1898 Treaty of Paris, with or without the definite article. Discovery in 2018 of stone tools and fossils of butchered animal remains in Rizal, Kalinga has pushed back evidence of early hominins in the archipelago to as early as 709,000 years. However, the metatarsal of the Callao Man, reliably dated by uranium-series dating to 67,000 years ago remains the oldest human remnant found in the archipelago to date; this distinction belonged to the Tabon Man of Palawan, carbon-dated to around 26,500 years ago. Negritos were among the archipelago's earliest inhabitants, but their first settlement in the Philippines has not been reliably dated.
There are several opposing theories regarding the origins of ancient Filipinos. F. Landa Jocano theorizes. Wilhelm Solheim's Island Origin Theory postulates that the peopling of the archipelago transpired via trade networks originating in the Sundaland area around
Hinigaran the Municipality of Hinigaran, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Negros Occidental, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 85,602 people, it is about 54 kilometres south from Bacolod City. Hinigaran is politically subdivided into 24 barangays; the early inhabitants of this town were the semi-primitive people called "Mundos" and "Ambaks". When traders and settlers from Panay started moving in, the natives were driven to the mountains; the new settlers were called "Tagahigad" and when the Spaniards came the place was called "Ginigaran" from the word "higad" but it was spelled and pronounced as Hinigaran. The town was founded in 1765 and Captain Basilio Mongcal was appointed as the first president in 1806. Among its first settlers were the families of Mongcal, Cosio,Sario, Orin, Pabalinas, Javier, Lucasan, Grijaldo,and Dano-og—some of whom were from Panay; the Spaniards established the seat of the "pueblo" in Jacinto and Zamora Streets, the town was governed by "Capitanes Municipales", Tenientes Absolato" and Cabeza de Barangays".
When revolt against the Spanish Government broke out, Capitan Bibiano Gelvosa and his followers fought bravely against the Spaniards. He was the last "Capitan Municipal"; the people in the city speak the Hiligaynon language. Filipino and English are understood. Total Internal Revenue Allotment: Php P180,762,087 Total Income: Php 158,600,789.72 Major Industry: Agriculture and fishing Products: Nylon shell, Capiz shell, firecrackers manufacturing Market Days: Thursdays and Sunday Town Fiesta: April 30 Patronal Fiesta: July 22 Patron Saint: Saint Mary Magdalene Lopues Value Store Prince Hypermart Puregold Melva's Grocery D'Garisson Mini Mart Negros Grace Pharmacy Grocery Store Mercury Drug Store w/ Grocery Store KJ Fairmart Metro Gaisano Mall Savemore Citymall Gaisano Grand Mall BDORCBCProducers Bank Banko Land Bank Number of Elementary Schools: 25 Number of Secondary Schools: 7 Number of College: 1 — Central Philippines State University – Hinigaran/Cong. Mariano M. Yulo Campus San Jose Muscovado Sugar Mill Brgy.
Pilar World War II Marker Mary Magdalene Church Talabahan Plantation Paradiso Beach Resort Mini Rizal Park Canonoy Beach Resort Senator Esperidion Guanco Bridge Espiso Beach Resort Tagda Pier Hinigaran Profile at the Official Website of Negros Occidental Philippine Standard Geographic Code Philippine Census Information "Banana plant with five hearts" in Hinigaran Local Governance Performance Management System
Cauayan, Negros Occidental
Cauayan the Municipality of Cauayan, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Negros Occidental, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 102,165 people. Cauayan is about 113 kilometres from the provincial capital of Bacolod City and is known for its sandy beaches and pristine waters and dried fish products. With a population of 102,165 inhabitants, it is the most-populated out of the 19 municipalities in Negros Occidental. Located on the southern portion of the province, Cauayan is bounded on the east by the municipality of Ilog; the municipality of Cauayan has a rugged topography. Mt. Malipantao, considered the highest peak in the province, separates the municipality from the town of Candoni and the city of Sipalay. Portion of the ranges are the remaining thick forest that needs protection where the watershed is located; the remaining portions of the municipality are rolling to moderate large areas of flat lands center on the different barrios, much suited to agriculture.
The municipality consists of the following slope distribution: From sloping at 0-3 percent or equivalent to 5,369.42 hectares to moderately sloping at 3-8 percent or a total of 1,059.40 hectares to rolling lands with slopes ranging from 8-18 percent which covers to about 1,716.94 hectares. A bigger portion is moderately steep with a slope distribution ranging from 18-30 percent having a total area of 19,419.42 hectares. However, large areas are steep and mountains with a slope of 30-50 percent, which accounts to 21,181.92 hectares, to steep hills and mountains with a slope of over 50 percent, which covers to about 3,246.90 hectares. Moderately large areas of flat land center on the different barrios. However, the southern part of the municipality is hilly; the Poblacion and the 12 barangays along the seashore are 0-3 degrees above sea level. The Municipality of Cauayan is made up of 25 barangays, categorized into the Coastal and the Upland Barangays. Long before the Spaniards came to Negros, this town was a wilderness and primitive people depended on hunting and fishing for a living.
The town was covered with bamboo thickets called Kawayan in the local dialect, hence the name "Cauayan". In 1822, Cauayan was formally founded by Don Vicente Paulo Decena, believed to have come from Cebu, he was enticed into Cauayan by the legendary beauty of a native girl who subsequently became his wife, Don Vicente Paulo Decena's family is still living in Cauayan and it is making its progress with their help. During the Spanish era, a seat for the municipal government was sought. Guiljungan and Isio were candidates but Isio prevailed as it was more populated, it got the honor of being the center of government although gobernadorcillos were accorded to Cauayan and Guiljungan. Not much progress happened to the town at that time since the Spanish rulers were reluctant to educate their subjects; when they built schools, only a few privileged were admitted to them. There were no roads and most people were required to render forced labor. All these changed when the Americans came in 1904; the tribunal in Isio was shifted to this fostered development.
The natives were taught modern ways to raise crops, schoolhouses and bridges were constructed. Not the Japanese occupation could disrupt the development of the town since then. Tourism has picked up in the Cauayan Municipality, with its fine white sand beaches and diverse marine and wildlife. Punta Bulata White Beach Resort, the most developed resort in the area, with an AA accreditation from the Department of Tourism, has seen tourists from all parts of the world who come to relax, bask in the tropical atmosphere and enjoy the marine life, among the best in the country. Danjugan Island Marine Reserve is a wildlife sanctuary in Brgy. Bulata is one of the most recognized dive spots in the region. Once featured on the cover of Mabuhay Magazine, this island has one of the most diverse and dense coral life in the world, comparable to the Great Barrier Reef. Visitors may go for day-trips to the island with pre-arranged visits by contacting Danjugan Island or through Punta Bulata Resort; the Lubay-lubay Festival and Feast of the Conversion of St. Paul is held annually on January 25.
The main concern of the Local Government Unit of Cauayan is the provision of adequate health facilities and services to its constituents. The Rural Health Unit in the Poblacion is supported by 24 Barangay Health Stations and 22 sub-stations located in the different barangays. Complementing the health services is the newly operated Cauayan District Hospital managed by the Local Government Unit located in Barangay Isio. Services offered include medical consultation and child care, control of diarrheal diseases, control of acute respiratory infection, family planning, tuberculosis control, leprosy control, dental health, rabies control, malaria control, sexually transmitted disease control, AIDS prevention, cancer control, dengue control, cardiovascular disease prevention and control, prevention of blindness, environmental sanitation and care of the elderly; the Municipal Social Welfare and Development Office is charged with the function of accelerating delivery of social services in the municipality.
The target outreach for welfare services is classified as follows: family heads, out-of-school youths, special groups, distressed families and rebel returnees. Social services are rendered to Family Heads and Other Needy Adults, needy children
Escalante, Negros Occidental
Escalante the City of Escalante, is a 4th class city in the province of Negros Occidental, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 94,070 people. Escalante has a total land area of 19,276.303 hectares. It is located on the northeastern tip of Negros Occidental, it is 49 kilometres from San Carlos City and 95 kilometres from Bacolod City, the provincial capital. It is bounded on the north and west by the city of Sagay, on the south by the town of Toboso and on the east by the Tañon Strait. Outside the city center of Escalante, there is a separate region of low rolling hills going to its upland barangays towards Mt. Lunay; the hill land section is the remnant of past volcanism and represents either dormant volcanic cinder cones or outliers of a once more extensive volcanic formation. Local residents in the upland barangays of Escalante at the foot of Mt. Lunay testify to period rumblings of a volcano believed'to be dead'. An indicator of the dormant character of Mt. Lunay is the existence to this day of a sulphur spring at its foot.
The slopes of these hills as in Barangay Binaguiohan are quite steep. However, the steepness of the slope has not stopped Escalantehanons in cultivation of the hillside; the diversity of plants in the coastal environment of Escalante is one of the richest in Occidental Negros. Its coasts comprise two surviving ecosystems: the mangrove, consisting of trees and shurbs that occupies the landward portion of its coastal areas. In a limited coastal zone, remnants of a third ecosystem, coral reef may be found but in residual, degraded form; the marine waters of Escalante are warm throughout the year, except for early mornings of the cool months of December and February. Salinity of its waters is at 28-36 parts per thousand; the atmospheric conditions influencing the climate of Escalante as a whole are the same conditions operative in Negros Island. During the summer months an air stream is directed from the south; this air current follows a counterclockwise path as it approaches the low-pressure center of the Asian continent, reaches the Philippines from a southwestern direction as the southwestern monsoon or habagat.
During the period from November to January, Negros has cool weather as the Asian continent cools more than the surrounding seas, resulting in high-pressure centers leading to winds being deflected in a clockwise fashion. This period is known as amihan. From March to April the northeastern wind system dominates; the cool season in Escalante is from December through March. It is the time when low tides called aya-ay prevail, making beachcombing of its shores more pleasurable; the latter part of March through June is. But being coastal, Escalante enjoys a constant flow of refreshing sea breeze. Escalante City is politically subdivided into 21 barangays; the following table shows its corresponding population and distance from the city proper. Nothing is known of Escalante during the pre-Hispanic era, but archaeological findings in October 1975 and May 1976 made by a team of Anthropology students led by Professor Lionel Chiong of Silliman University reveal an early record of men who inhabited not only the present city but the island of Negros during the pre-Spanish time.
The findings were recovered in nine graves in. Japitan, a coastal barangay lying along the Tañon Strait, facing the island of Cebu, some 17 kilometers from the city proper; the artifacts consisted of celadon plate and bowls, stoneware bowls and jars, a Sung Dynasty jarlet, gold beads, iron implements, daggers and a hunting knife with an ivory bone handle. Buried with the dead, the plate, bowls and iron implements were found alongside the skeletal remains, the daggers and hunting knives on top of the breast section and the gold beads inside the skulls in-between the upper and lower jaws; when carbon-14 tested, these findings together with the human skeletal remains were found to date as far back as the 12th century A. D. All this proved that present-day Escalante was inhabited by settlers with a developed culture who were engaged in some form of trade and commerce with the outside world, such as the Chinese and Japanese traders who could have brought the jarlet and celadon pieces during the Ages of Contacts and Trade with the East The northeastern part of Negros Island was "one of the most cultivated regions" in the mid-19th century.
On November 28, 1856, Governor-General Manuel Crespo issued a decree creating the towns of Escalante and Saravia. The decree ordered "that the two towns in question would be separated from their mother town, Silay," although the spiritual separation of the two "would await the building of churches and convents in Saravia and Escalante." The latter had its seat of government in the barrio of Nueva Sevilla. The Parish of Escalante was established on May 22, 1860 with Fr. Cipriano Navarro, OAR, as the first Parish Priest. Fr. Navarro, in a report to the Recollect Provincial in 1861, wrote that the inhabitants of his Parish and its 14 barrios lying along the northeast portion of the island from Calatrava to Himogaan, "speak the Cebuano dialect and all, or the majority, came from Cebu, with the exception of those from Barrio Marianas... who came from the district of Iloilo and speak the Hiligaynon dialect." In 1859, a politico-Military Command was established in Baco