Toft, Cambridgeshire

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Toft
Toft village sign.JPG
Village sign at the entrance
Toft is located in Cambridgeshire
Toft
Toft
Toft shown within Cambridgeshire
Population 503 (2011)[1]
OS grid reference TL355557
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Cambridge
Postcode district CB23
Dialling code 01223
EU Parliament East of England
List of places
UK
England
Cambridgeshire
52°11′12″N 0°00′47″W / 52.1866°N 0.0131°W / 52.1866; -0.0131Coordinates: 52°11′12″N 0°00′47″W / 52.1866°N 0.0131°W / 52.1866; -0.0131

Toft is a village situated in Cambridgeshire, England. It is approximately six miles to the west of Cambridge, and is situated within four miles of the M11 motorway. It has approximately 600 residents and 200 homes. Comberton Village College and Comberton Sixth Form fall within the Toft Parish boundary. The village has two churches, St Andrew's Parish Church and Toft Methodist Church.

Just to the east of the village is Cambridge Meridian Golf Club, which has the Prime Meridian running through the 14th fairway.

Meridian marker

The name "Toft" is derived from an old Viking word meaning "curtilage" or "homestead".[2]

History[edit]

The ancient parish of Toft consisted of 1,285 acres between the villages of Comberton to the east and Caldecote to the west. At the time of the Domesday Book the parish extended up to the Cambridge–St Neot's road, and thus included modern-day Hardwick until it became a separate parish in 1815.[3]

The village probably sprang up during Saxon times, when the wooded area began to be cleared for farming. By the time of the Norman Conquest the lands were owned by the king, the Abbot of Ely and a woman named Eddeva. The Normans gave Eddeva's lands to Alan, Count of Brittany, who passed them to the manor of Swavesey. By 1109, the lands were all granted to the newly formed Bishopric of Ely.[4]

Toft has 23 listed buildings of special architectural or historic interest.[5] Among these is Toft Manor, formerly the Rectory, which was built in 1844 with several cottages.

Church[edit]

The parish church has been dedicated to Saint Andrew since at least the 13th century and stands on the site of an earlier church. The present building contains some structure from the late 14th century but was largely rebuilt in 1863, apparently repeating the layout of the medieval church. The medieval tower was rebuilt in 1894.[6]

In the 17th century, Toft became a centre of Puritanism. When the Archdeacon of Ely visited in 1685, he found that the church had been greatly neglected, with cracks in the walls and the building being used as a store for bricks and stones. The church was restored over the next few decades.[4]

The church is in the patronage of Christ's College, Cambridge.

John Wesley is believed to have preached in a barn in the village, and in 1862 a Primitive Methodist chapel was built in the High Street.[6]

Village life[edit]

Toft contains a village shop, a hairdresser's, a Chinese takeaway, a fish and chip shop and a social club. A post office first opened in the village in the 1870s as part of the village shop. A library was opened in 1913, but has since closed. At the end of the 19th century there were two pubs in the village, the Black Bull and the Red Lion, Both have since closed, and the latter now houses the Chinese restaurant.[7]. The Toft Historical Society holds regular exhibitions and is building a web-based archive of the history of the village.[8]

The village has a football club, Toft Lions, who play in the CDFL Cambridgeshire men's league.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  2. ^ A. D. Mills (2003). A Dictionary of British Place-Names. 
  3. ^ http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/cambs/vol5/pp127-136
  4. ^ a b "Toft, a brief history". 
  5. ^ "Listed buildings in Toft". 
  6. ^ a b "A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely". 1973. pp. 127–136. 
  7. ^ Kelly's Directory, 1896
  8. ^ Toft Historical Society
  9. ^ "News - The Toft Lions". Retrieved 10 February 2017. 

External links[edit]