Togolese hip hop

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Togo has very diverse and rich traditions in music and dance, which is in part reflected by Togo's regional hip hop scene.

History[edit]

Although hip hop was already present in west Africa as early as 1985, it wasn’t until 1990 that the movement reached Togo.[1] Before graffiti, MCing, DJing, and beatboxing, it was breakdance that was first introduced to Togo's capital, Lomé, by Bizzar MC and Wy-Kiki.[1] It became so popular in local clubs that even a school of breakdance was established.[1] Eric MC, who was inspired by his experience with hip hop in Ivory Coast, created a dance group as well.[1]

Togolese hip hop music began with the pioneering group "Black Syndicate", which consisted of O. Below and Y. More from Lomé.[2] Most Togolese hip hop artists are students from high schools or universities. The world of Togolese hip hop may be narrowed down according to each artist's style of music. Some hip hop artists seem to have honed the skill of mixing popular songs made up with rapping beats. The most influential and well-known rapper from Togo is Eric MC a.k.a. The Black Nigga[3] who won the Togo Hip Hop Awards twice with his debut album Adjamofo.[4]

Some Togolese hip hop contains influences from soul music. Such music have beats that are more soft and lyrics that talk about love and hope. As an example one can site the music of  WEDY, who changed the image of Togolese hip hop.

The first advancement for hip hop recognition in Togo happened in 1992 when MC Solaar performed in concert at the Palais des Congrès de Lomé.[1] Force One Posse, the first official Togolese rap group, performed the opening act along with Eric MC, Wy-Kiki, Sino, Ali-Jezz, MC Creator, and Bad Boy.[1] Eventually, the group released Dagma Vanesa, an album that did not garner public attention because of a lack of financial resources.[1] Other rap groups emerged after the concert, including World Reality.[1]

Characteristics[edit]

Production business[edit]

Producers and studio managers are very expensive because hip hop is not yet well developed in Togo so infrastructures made for the production of hip hop albums are scarce and not all the artists are able to produce their albums. The most important label in the Togolese hip hop production is the Hope Row record, which controls the majority of the productions. Since the demand for Togolese hip hop music has increased, businessmen found a good way to make profit by facilitating artists to access the infrastructures they need.

Togo Hip Hop Award[edit]

Togolese authorities and the minister of culture have not considered Togolese hip hop music as music with a proper cultural identity. But to reward Togolese hip hop artists, authorities established since 2003 a night each year to give them awards, called Togo Hip Hop Awards.[5] Togo Hip Hop Awards festival is an occasion to gather all the Togolese hip hop artists from the North to the South and even those who are abroad. These Awards are considered to reinforce the cooperation and relations among the hip hop artists.

Social impact[edit]

Social impact on teenagers[edit]

Togolese hip hop has the ability to bring political, social, and economic issues in the society by opening people’s eyes on what is really going on in the country. As it can affect both young and old people, Togolese Hip Hop has both positive and negative aspects on the society and teenagers in particular. Hip hop is no more only a music but has extended to clothing as street fashion, break dance, graffiti, MCing, and DJing.

Change in their lifestyle[edit]

Teenagers have their own hip hop communities governed by talented designers who impose the hip hop style in the cities. The two main designers are EFA DK who is Orcyno’s brother and personal designer and WELFON. EFA DK created a sports wear universe since 1999 added by a special Togolese touch with traditional clothing. WELFON is more based on maintaining the unity with the idea he got in 2005 to mark T-shirts and caps with a Togolese flag design. Despite this maturity of Togolese youth toward the conscience of a united country for a better development, they nevertheless adopted a semblance of American hip hop stars’ lives. Some Togolese hip hop artists try to copy what is called the “thug life” of certain American hip hop stars. Girls, alcohol, parties, cars, and expensive clothes constitute their environment. They usually do this in order to show their power. However, it is thought that by doing that, these artists are degrading their image and giving a bad example to youth.

Birth of national unity[edit]

For a long time, football has been the only social relaxation activity that got together the Togolese youth. During the late 1980s football has been replaced by Togolese hip hop music which seems to be playing the same role.[citation needed] Togolese hip hop helped patriotism to be developed among teenagers and unify them without any consideration of political party or region. Natural borders have disappeared and music is the link between the young generations. This national unity of the Togolese youth ensures the future development of Togo in a peaceful atmosphere. Togolese hip hop keeps youths unified and struggle for national reconciliation. That is why festival, shows, concerts are always organised to let youth express themselves and entertain them the same time.

Media[edit]

The media seems very supportive of Togolese hip hop music and help artists a lot with their promotions. A lot of TV shows have been devoted to Togolese hip hop music. Presentations of new albums are frequently broadcast on television but radios are still very important for the development of Togolese hip hop music (underground and popular).

Notable artists[edit]

Artists who perform either the soft or the hard variety of hip hop:

  • Orcyno
  • Iras[6]
  • Eric MC
  • Pitt toxiko (a.k.a. Busta Pitt)
  • Komi Ninja (EL-DHECK)
  • Ali Jezz
  • Small poppy
  • M Tall T
  • Djanta Klan
  • Rx Patou
  • Toofan

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Hip-Hop in Togo". Music In Africa. 2016-10-20. Retrieved 2018-12-14.
  2. ^ Fofo magazine. Retrieved February 20, 2006 from Planete Afrique (dead link)
  3. ^ Le grand portail de la culture hip hop au Togo (Tonglolese Hip hop portal)
  4. ^ Cerclehiphop.com (dead link; see Tongolese Hip hop portal)
  5. ^ Togo Hip Hop Awards. Retrieved March 26, 2006 from Le grand portail de la culture hip hop au Togo (Tonglolese Hip hop portal)
  6. ^ Artist Spotlight With Skope Mag

External links[edit]