Catcher is a position for a baseball or softball player. When a batter takes his/her turn to hit, the catcher crouches behind home plate, in front of the umpire, receives the ball from the pitcher. In addition to this primary duty, the catcher is called upon to master many other skills in order to field the position well; the role of the catcher is similar to that of the wicket-keeper in cricket. Positioned behind home plate, the catcher can see the whole field, is therefore in the best position to direct and lead the other players in a defensive play; the catcher calls for pitches using hand signals. The calls are based on the pitcher's mechanics and strengths, as well as the batter's tendencies and weaknesses. Foul tips, bouncing balls in the dirt, contact with runners during plays at the plate are all events to be handled by the catcher, necessitating the use of protective equipment; this includes a mask and throat protectors, shin guards, a padded catcher's mitt. Because the position requires a comprehensive understanding of the game's strategies, the pool of former catchers yields a disproportionate number of managers in both Major League Baseball and Minor League Baseball, including such prominent examples as Connie Mack, Steve O'Neill, Al López, Mike Scioscia, Joe Girardi, Joe Torre.
The physical and mental demands of being involved on every defensive play can wear catchers down over a long season, can have a negative effect on their offensive output. Because of the strategic defensive importance of catching, if a catcher has exceptional defensive skills, teams are willing to overlook their relative offensive weaknesses. A knowledgeable catcher's ability to work with the pitcher, via pitch selection and location, can diminish the effectiveness of the opposing team's offense. Many great defensive catchers toiled in relative anonymity, because they did not produce large offensive numbers. Notable examples of light-hitting, defensive specialists were Ray Schalk, Jim Hegan, Jim Sundberg and Brad Ausmus. Schalk's career batting average of.253 is the lowest of any position player in the Baseball Hall of Fame. That he was selected for enshrinement in 1955 was a tribute to his outstanding defensive skills. Catchers are able to play first base and less third base. In the numbering system used to record baseball plays, the catcher is assigned the number'2'.
In the middle of the nineteenth century, the game of baseball began to evolve from a sport played by amateurs for recreation into a more serious game played by professionals. One of the most dramatic changes was the transition of the pitcher's delivery from an underhand motion to an overhanded throw. Before the American Civil War, the pitcher's role was to initiate the action by offering an underhanded throw to the batter, in much the same way that a basketball referee offers up a jump ball to begin play. Since this type of pitching caused the batter to hit lazy, foul pop-ups, catchers played their position twenty to twenty-five feet behind the batter, wore no protective equipment; as the game progressed towards professionals and became more serious, pitchers began to attempt to prevent the batter from hitting the ball by throwing faster pitches. With the introduction of the called strike in 1858, catchers began inching closer to home plate due to the rules requirement that a strikeout could only be completed by a catch.
The rules governing the delivery of pitches proved to be hard to enforce, pitchers continued to stretch the boundaries of the rules until the 1870s when the release point of pitches had reached the pitcher's waist level. Pitchers had begun throwing overhand by 1884, the National League made a rule change removing all restrictions on the pitcher's delivery; these developments meant that catchers began to take on a crucial defensive role, as a pitcher's deceptive deliveries could only be effective if the catcher was capable of fielding them. The progression of the catcher positioning himself closer to the plate would lead to changes in pitching deliveries that would revolutionize the sport. In the 1870s, pitcher Candy Cummings was able to introduce the curveball because his catcher, Nat Hicks, fielded his position in close proximity to home plate and was able to catch the deceptive pitch. Other specialized pitches such as the spitball and the knuckleball followed, which further emphasized the defensive importance of the catcher's position.
At about the same time that catchers began fielding their position closer to home plate, baseball teams began using a less rubbery ball which led to a decline in the number of runs scored. In the 1860s it sixty runs in a game; the combination of the new, harder ball and the continuation of the rise in pitcher's release points helped usher in what became known as the Dead-ball era. The decrease in run production placed greater significance on stolen bases and bunts, which in turn emphasized the crucial defensive role played by catchers. In 1901, the National League introduced a new rule specifying that the catcher must stand within 10 feet of home plate; the American League adopted the rule the following year. The rising velocity of pitches in conjunction with catchers moving closer to home plate increased the risk of injuries for catchers face and hand injuries. By the late 1870s, catchers began to use padded, fingerless gloves to protect their hands, in 1877 the first protective catcher's mask was used.
The first catchers to use protective masks sometimes had their courage called into question, but the effectiveness of the masks in preventing injuries meant that they became accepted. In the 1880s, the first padded chest protectors came into use, in 18
The Buffalo Bisons are a professional Minor League Baseball team based in Buffalo, New York. They are the Triple-A affiliate of the Toronto Blue Jays; the Bisons play at Sahlen Field in downtown Buffalo. The Bisons have existed in some form since 1877, most of that time playing in professional baseball's second tier; the Bisons did not play from June 1970 through the 1978 season. The 1927 Bisons were recognized as one of the 100 greatest minor league teams of all time. In 2016, Forbes listed the Bisons as the 15th-most valuable Minor League Baseball team with a value of $34 million. Organized baseball in Buffalo had been around since at least 1859, when the Niagara baseball club of the National Association of Base Ball Players played its first season; the first professional team to play in Buffalo began in 1877. In 1886, the Bisons moved into minor league baseball as members of the original International League known as the Eastern League; this team joined the Western League in 1899, was within weeks of becoming a major league team when the Western League announced it was changing its name to the American League in 1900.
However, by the start of the 1901 season, Buffalo had been bumped from the league in favor of the Boston Americans. This franchise continued in the Eastern/International League through June 1970, when it transferred to Winnipeg, Manitoba as the Winnipeg Whips, due to poor attendance, stadium woes, the Montreal Expos affiliating with the franchise, an saturated Buffalo sports market that saw the Buffalo Sabres of the NHL and Buffalo Braves of the NBA established the same year. In 1969, Héctor López became the first black manager at the Triple-A level while managing Buffalo Bisons—six years before Frank Robinson became the first black manager in Major League Baseball. After stops in Winnipeg and Hampton, the team was suspended after the 1973 season to make way for the Memphis Blues, who were moving up from Double-A. In 1979, by which point the Braves had left town, the Double-A Eastern League's Jersey City A's were forced to leave their city due to the decrepitude of that city's Roosevelt Stadium and opted to move to Waterbury, Connecticut, a city that had an Eastern League team.
Again with Barron leading the effort, the league awarded the extra franchise to Buffalo, the Bisons returned to the field. After six seasons in the Eastern League, the Bisons rejoined the Triple-A ranks in 1985, joining the American Association when the Wichita Aeros' franchise rights were transferred to Buffalo. When, as part of a reorganization of Triple-A baseball, the American Association folded after the 1997 season, Buffalo joined the International League. Since their return to Triple-A baseball in 1985, the Bisons have qualified for the playoffs several times. In 2004, although the Bisons were 10 games behind the first-place team in June, the Bisons won their division. Buffalo won its first-round playoff, against the Durham Bulls, advanced to the Governors' Cup Finals, in which they had home field advantage over the Richmond Braves; the remnants of Hurricane Ivan caused major flooding problems in Richmond and the entire series was played in Buffalo. The Bisons defeated the Braves in four games and won the Governors' Cup for the second time since 1998.
In 2005, Buffalo won the North Division and played the Indianapolis Indians in the first round, winning the first two games in Indianapolis, but losing all three remaining games. With many of its players shuffled to the Cleveland Indians throughout the final months of the season, the Bisons failed to qualify for the playoffs in 2006. In 2007, Buffalo again failed to clinch a playoff spot, marking the first time since Buffalo was parented with the Pittsburgh Pirates that the Bisons missed the playoffs in back-to-back seasons; the team has not reached the playoffs since then. After the 2008 season, Buffalo parted ways with Cleveland, as the Indians signed an affiliation agreement with the Columbus Clippers beginning in 2009; the Bisons signed a two-year agreement to be the top home for New York Mets prospects. On December 16, 2008, the Mets announced that Ken Oberkfell would be the Bisons new manager for 2009. At the same press conference, the Bisons unveiled their new logo; the logo paid homage to baseball's history in the city of Buffalo with the city's skyline in the background.
The logo, along with the new colors of blue and orange resemble that of the team's new parent club, the Mets. In the 2009–2010 off-season, the Bisons were chosen to host the 2012 Triple-A All-Star Game to celebrate 25 years at Coca-Cola Field; the game was played on Wednesday, July 11, 2012. In late July 2010, the Bisons and Mets agreed on a two-year extension that carried their agreement through the 2012 season; the 2010–2011 off-season saw changes to the Bisons coaching staff. Ken Oberkfell was replaced by Tim Teufel, who wa
Kankakee is a city in and the county seat of Kankakee County, United States. The city's name is derived from the Miami-Illinois word teeyaahkiki, meaning: "Open country/exposed land/land in open/land exposed to view", in reference to the area's prior status as a marsh; as of the 2010 census, the city's population was 27,537. Kankakee is a principal city of the Kankakee-Bourbonnais-Bradley Metropolitan Statistical Area; the area of Kankakee was inhabited by the Potawatami beginning sometime in the 18th century. Kankakee was founded in 1854. Kankakee is located at 41°7′12″N 87°51′36″W. According to the 2010 census, Kankakee has a total area of 14.62 square miles, of which 14.14 square miles is land and 0.48 square miles is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 27,561 people, 10,020 households and 6,272 families residing within the city; the population density was 2,239.8 people per square mile. There were 10,965 housing units at an average density of 893.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 50.92% White, 41.07% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 5.50% from other races, 1.90% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.25% of the population. There were 10,020 households, out of which 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.4% were married couples living together, 21.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.4% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals, 13.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60, the average family size was 3.28. In the city, the population was spread out, with 29.5% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $30,469, the median income for a family was $36,428. Males had a median income of $30,894 versus $22,928 for females; the per capita income for the city was $15,479. About 18.1% of families and 21.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.3% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.
Kankakee is governed by the mayor council system. The city council consists of fourteen members; the mayor and city clerk are elected in a citywide vote. Library service is provided by the Kankakee Public Library. Kankakee is served by the Greater Kankakee Airport, a general aviation facility located in the southern portion of Kankakee; the Kankakee Valley Airport Authority was formed in 1957. The location of the airport was chosen South of Kankakee in 1959; the Greater Kankakee Airport has been serving the Kankakee community since 1962. It is located 50 miles south of downtown Chicago and 70 miles north of Champaign, directly along Interstate 57 at the 308 exit. In 1966 the main runway was expanded attracting a commercial carrier. Air Wisconsin, Inc. began operating in 1967. Due to the commercial operations the Airport was able to build the terminal building in 1968, still standing today; the airport continues to serve the community though general aviation and is home to over 100 private hangars housing helicopter, singe engine aircraft and turbine powered aircraft.
The Greater Kankakee Airport made its Hollywood debut in the 1980 Steve McQueen movie "The Hunter," in which Ralph "Papa" Thorson comes to pick up the Trans Am at the airfield. The Greater Kankakee Airport has received recognition over the years for its outstanding service to Kankakee County; the airport has been awarded the General Aviation – Publicly Owned Airport of the year award by the Illinois Division of Aeronautics in 2001 and 2012. In September 2013 the Army National Guard broke ground on the Army Aviation Support Facility, completed in 2017; the facility houses 13 UH-60 Blackhawk helicopters. Greater Kankakee Airport covers an area of 950 acres at an elevation of 629 feet above mean sea level, it has two runways with asphalt surfaces: 4/22 is 5,981 by 100 feet and 16/34 is 4,398 by 75 feet. Amtrak provides service to Kankakee from the Kankakee Amtrak Station. Amtrak operates the City of New Orleans, the Illini, the Saluki with each train running once daily in both directions. Interstate 57 runs east-west in the southern part of the city and turns north-south in the eastern part of Kankakee.
United States Highways US 45 and US 52 run concurrently forming, along with Illinois Route IL 50, the major north-south thoroughfares through Kankakee. Illinois Route IL 17 is the major east-west road; the River Valley Metro Mass Transit District operates the region's transit bus system. Service runs seven days a week to locations in Kankakee as well as the nearby cities of Aroma Park, Bradley and Manteno. All of the Kankakee routes are stationed out of the North Schuyler Transfer Station. River Valley Metro operates 2 commuter routes; the Midway and University Park commuter routes were added January 5, 2014, in August 2015 River Valley Metro added a second Midway route to its schedule. In January 2016, a second University Park route was added. Kankakee Valley Park District has 37 parks, comprising a total of 600 acres. Facilities include an outdoor aquatic park named Splash Valley, indoor ice skating rink named Ice Valley, 1000 seat recreation cen
Major League Baseball All-Star Game
The Major League Baseball All-Star Game known as the "Midsummer Classic", is an annual professional baseball game sanctioned by Major League Baseball contested between the All-Stars from the American League and National League selected by fans for starting fielders, by managers for pitchers, by managers and players for reserves. The game occurs on either the second or third Tuesday in July, is meant to mark a symbolic halfway-point in the MLB season. Both of the major leagues share an All-Star break, with no regular-season games scheduled on the day before or two days after the All-Star Game itself; some additional events and festivities associated with the game take place each year close to and during this break in the regular season. No official MLB All-Star Game was held in 1945 including the official selection of players due to World War II travel restrictions. Two All-Star Games were held each season from 1959 to 1962; the most recent All-Star Game was held on July 17, 2018, at Nationals Park, home of the National League's Washington Nationals.
The 2019 and 2020 All-Star Games are scheduled to be held in Cleveland and Los Angeles, respectively. A Major League Baseball All-Star is a professional baseball player, named to either the American League or National League All-Star Team. Major league All-Star namings began in July 1933. Fans have participated in the selection of the players who fill the AL and NL All-Star rosters. Between 1935 and 1946, each All-Star team's manager selected their entire teams. From 1959 through 1962, All-Stars played in two All-Star Games each season. On January 29, 1936, Babe Ruth became the first of the original thirty-six All-Stars to be inducted in the National Baseball Hall of Fame. Hank Aaron holds the record for the most All-Star Game appearances. In 2017, each All-Star team had 32 players, with fans voting for the starting players, the players selecting the reserve players for each position and five starting pitchers and three relief pitchers; the final All-Star player vote still exists, but the MLB commissioner's office will now fill out the remaining roster spots instead of the managers.
The 90th Installment will be played in Progressive Field, home of the AL central's Cleveland Indians. The first All-Star Game was held on July 6, 1933, as part of the 1933 World's Fair in Chicago, at Comiskey Park and was initiated by Arch Ward sports editor for the Chicago Tribune. Intended to be a one-time event, its great success resulted in making the game an annual one; the venue for the All-Star Game is chosen by Major League Baseball. The criteria for the venue are subjective. Over time, this has resulted in certain cities being selected more at the expense of others due to timely circumstances: Cleveland Stadium and the original Yankee Stadium are tied for the most times a venue has hosted the All-Star game, both hosting four games. New York City has hosted more than any other city, having done so nine times in five different stadiums. At the same time, the New York Mets failed to host for 48 seasons, while the Los Angeles Dodgers have not hosted since 1980 and will do so in 2020. Among current major league teams, the Tampa Bay Rays have yet to host the All-Star game.
In the first two decades of the game there were two pairs of teams that shared ballparks, located in Philadelphia and St. Louis; this led to some shorter-than-usual gaps between the use of those venues: The Cardinals hosted the game in 1940, the Browns in 1948. The Athletics hosted the game in 1943, the Phillies in 1952; the venues traditionally alternate between the American National League every year. This tradition has been broken several times: The first time was in 1951, when the AL Detroit Tigers were chosen to host the annual game as part of the city's 250th birthday; the second was when the two-game format during the 1959–1962 seasons resulted in the AL being one game ahead in turn. This was corrected in 2007, when the NL San Francisco Giants were the host for the 2007 All-Star Game, which set up the 2008 game to be held at the AL's original Yankee Stadium in its final season, it was broken when again the NL hosted the four straight games from 2015-2018. The AL will host its next game in 2019 in Cleveland.
The "home team" has traditionally been the league in which the host franchise plays its games, but the American League was designated the home team for the 2016 All Star Game, despite its being played in Petco Park, home of the National League's San Diego Padres. This decision was made following the announcement of Miami as host for the 2017 All Star Game, the third straight year in which the game is hosted in a National League ballpark. Since 1934, the managers of the game are the managers of the previous year's league pennant winners and World Series clubs; the coaching staff for each team is selected by its manager. This honor is given to the manager, not the team, so it is possible that the All-Star manager could no longer be
The Harrisburg Senators are a Minor League Baseball team of the Eastern League and the Double-A affiliate of the Washington Nationals. They are located in Harrisburg and play their home games at FNB Field, located on City Island in Harrisburg, which opened in 1987 and has a seating capacity of 6,187 people; the "Senators" nickname refers to the host city being the state's capital and thus home of the Pennsylvania legislature. The team colors are red, navy blue and white, the same colors of the parent club, the Washington Nationals. Harrisburg has won nine Eastern League titles and is the first team in league history to win four titles in a row: 1987, 1993, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999; the 1993 Senators were recognized as one of the 100 greatest minor league teams of all time. The city of Harrisburg has a long history of professional baseball; the Harrisburg Base Ball Association existed as long ago as 1884. According to another source, in 1901, the first baseball club in Harrisburg was created. In 1912, Harrisburg won the first of three Tri-State Association championships in a row.
In 1915, an affiliated International League team moved from Newark, New Jersey, to Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. The club lasted one year before disbanding; this left the city without professional baseball for seven years. In 1924, an incarnation of the Senators joined the newly formed New York–Penn League, renamed the Eastern League; the Senators and most of the other New York–Penn League teams were not affiliated with a Major League Baseball team. In 1927, the Senators started a five-year campaign with three Eastern league championships, winning titles in 1927, 1928, 1931; the Senators' reign ended in 1936, when flood waters from the surrounding Susquehanna River ruined their home ballpark, Island Field. Another team representing Harrisburg affiliated with the Pittsburgh Pirates formed four years though in the smaller Interstate League. Like the Senators before it, the team gained success winning the league title one year later; the success, was short lived, as the team moved to nearby York in 1943.
Another team affiliated with the Cleveland Indians was not as successful. The Interstate League disbanded this Harrisburg team in 1952, any form of professional baseball was not played in the city for the next 35 years; the modern Harrisburg Senators originated in the New England states. First established in 1976 as an affiliate of the Milwaukee Brewers, the Berkshire Brewers played one season in Pittsfield, Massachusetts. After that season, they moved to Holyoke, where they took the nickname the Millers. In 1981, the franchise changed affiliations. After the 1982 season, the team relocated to New Hampshire, as the Nashua Angels. After the 1983 season, the team's affiliation changed again; the team changed its name to the Nashua Pirates. At the same time, during the mid-1980s, Harrisburg Mayor Stephen Reed initiated a revitalization plan that included a ballpark for a new Minor League Baseball team in the city; the Nashua Pirates relocated to Harrisburg and was rechristened the Senators on December 9, 1986.
Like the original Senators, success was quick, winning the Eastern League championship in its first season. In 1991, affiliation shifted from the Pittsburgh Pirates to the Montreal Expos, an affiliation continuing through that team's move to Washington, D. C. where they continued as the Washington Nationals. The first several years of affiliation with Montreal brought consecutive championships from 1996 to 1998. In 1999, the Senators played the Norwich Navigators for a shot at their record-setting fourth consecutive Eastern League championship. In the bottom of the ninth inning of game 5, the Senators trailed by 3 runs, but with 2 outs, the bases loaded, a full count Milton Bradley hit a walk-off grand slam to right center field to win the fourth-straight championship for the Senators, an Eastern League first. In 2003, Sueng Song pitched the first no-hitter in modern Senators history; the official colors of the Harrisburg Senators are red, navy blue, metallic gold, white. The home and away uniforms resemble those of the Washington Nationals, with a red cap for home games and navy blue for away.
Both caps include the "H" and streaking baseball logo, with the "H" in the same script as the Nationals' pretzel-shaped "W." The white home jerseys include red and navy blue trim around the collar and sleeves with the "Senators" wordmark in red with metallic gold bevels and navy blue outline. The grey away jersey has navy blue and red trim around the collar and sleeves, with the "Harrisburg" wordmark in navy blue with metallic gold bevels and red outline. Both wordmarks are identical to the Nationals brand. In 2007, the Senators added a unique logo to their brand, incorporating the prevalent and much reviled mayfly into the "H." Because of FNB Field's location on City Island in the Susquehanna River, thousands of mayflies are attracted to the ballpark's bright lights and die. The dead mayflies fall onto the fans below; the city of Harrisburg paid $6.7 million in 1995 to acquire the team from the previous owners of the franchise, who were planning to move the team to a new taxpayer-financed ballpark in Springfield, Massachusetts.
Instead of appeasing the desires of the ownership group with a new stadium, Harrisburg Mayor Stephen Reed led the city of Harrisburg to purchase the team instead. The previous owners had bought the team only six months earlier for just $4.1 million. Citing the ballpark as the major link in his downtown revitalization project, when asked how he could affor
Douglas Dean Drabek is an American former Major League Baseball pitcher and current Pitching Coach for the Jackson Generals. He played for the New York Yankees, Pittsburgh Pirates, Houston Astros, Chicago White Sox and Baltimore Orioles between 1986 and 1998. Drabek threw right-handed, he is the pitching coach for the Double A Jackson Generals. Known for his fluid pitching motion and sound mechanics, he won the National League Cy Young Award in 1990. Drabek was born in Texas, he attended St. Joseph High School in Victoria, where he played baseball. Drabek was drafted by the Cleveland Indians in the 4th round of the June 1980 MLB Draft, but did not sign, he attended the University of Houston and played three seasons for the Cougars baseball team. Following his junior year, Drabek was drafted by the Chicago White Sox in the 11th round of the June 1983 MLB Draft and signed on June 11. After signing with the White Sox, Drabek was assigned to the Niagara Falls Sox in the short-season New York-Penn League where he finished 6–7 with a 3.67 ERA in 16 games with 103 strikeouts in 103 2/3 innings.
After pitching one game for the Class A Appleton, Drabek was promoted to the AA Glens Falls White Sox and was 12–5 with a 2.24 ERA. On 13 August, he was traded to the New York Yankees along with Kevin Hickey to complete an earlier deal made on July 18 for Roy Smalley. Drabek spent the rest of the 1984 season at AA Nashville. In 1985, Drabek returned to AA and spent the entire season at Albany-Colonie in the Eastern League and finished with a 13–7 record with a 2.99 ERA with 153 strikeouts in 192 2/3 innings. After starting the 1986 season at AAA Columbus, Drabek made his Major League debut on May 30, coming in relief for starter Joe Niekro in a 6–3 loss to the Oakland Athletics, he would spend the rest of the season with the Yankees, appearing in 27 games and go 7–8 with a 4.10 ERA. Following the season, he was traded with Logan Easley and Brian Fisher to the Pittsburgh Pirates for Rick Rhoden, Cecilio Guante and Pat Clements. Drabek enjoyed his best years with Pittsburgh, from 1987 to 1992, during which time he pitched over 230 innings and finished in the top 10 in the National League ERA race.
He went 22–6 with a 2.76 ERA in 1990 en route to winning the National League Cy Young Award and leading the Pirates to the postseason. His 22 wins that year were a league high. On August 3, 1990, while with the Pirates, Drabek had a no-hitter broken up by a Sil Campusano single with two out in the ninth; the hit was the only one Drabek would allow in defeating the Philadelphia Phillies 11-0. Drabek signed as a free agent after the 1992 season with the Houston Astros. Despite a solid 3.79 ERA and playing for a rising team, he posted a 9–18 record. He improved in the strike-shortened 1994 season to 12–6 with a 2.84 ERA, was named an All-Star for the first and only time in his career. When play resumed after the players' strike in 1995, however, he was unable to maintain his success and retired after the 1998 season, having compiled a 35–40 record over his final four seasons. After retiring, Drabek coached his son's Little League and select league teams teaching them how to bat at a faster pitch, with their personal pitching machine so as to gain an advantage over the other little league teams.
Drabek returned to professional baseball in 2010, accepting a position in the Arizona Diamondbacks system as the pitching coach for the Yakima Bears in the short-season Class A Northwest League. On 13 December 2010 the D-backs announced that Drabek was promoted to the pitching coach for the Visalia Rawhide in the Class A California League. Drabek has three children. Justin spent time playing in independent ball. Kyle is a starting pitcher and is in the Arizona Diamondbacks organization, after playing for the Chicago White Sox and Toronto Blue Jays. In February 2018, Drabek was named as the Pitching coach for the AA Jackson Generals. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference Hickok Sports Biography Baseball Almanac
The Minnesota Twins are an American professional baseball team based in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The team competes in the Central division of the American League, is named after the Twin Cities area comprising Minneapolis and St. Paul; the franchise won the World Series in 1924 as the Washington Senators, in 1987 and 1991 as the Twins. The franchise moved from Washington, D. C. to Minnesota at the start of the 1961 season. The Twins played in Metropolitan Stadium from 1961 to 1981 and the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome from 1982 to 2009; the team played its inaugural game at Target Field on April 12, 2010. Through the 2017 season, the team has fielded 18 American League batting champions; the team has hosted five All-Star Games: 1937 and 1956 in Washington, D. C, 1965, 1985 and 2014 in Minneapolis-St. Paul; the team was founded in Washington, D. C. in 1901 as one of the eight original teams of the American League, named the Washington Senators or Washington Nationals. The team endured long bouts of mediocrity immortalized in the 1955 Broadway musical Damn Yankees.
The Washington Senators spent the first decade of their existence finishing near the bottom of the American League standings. Their fortunes began to improve with the arrival of 19-year-old pitcher, Walter Johnson, in 1907. Johnson blossomed in 1911 with 25 victories, although the Senators still finished the season in seventh place. In 1912, the Senators improved as their pitching staff led the league in team earned run average and in strikeouts. Johnson won 33 games while teammate Bob Groom added another 24 wins to help the Senators finish the season in second place. Manager Clark Griffith joined the team in 1912 and became the team's owner in 1920; the Senators continued to perform respectably in 1913 with Johnson posting a career-high 35 victories, as the team once again finished in second place. The Senators fell into another period of decline for the next decade; the team had a period of prolonged success in the 1920s and 1930s, led by Walter Johnson, as well as additional Hall-of-Famer Bucky Harris, Goose Goslin, Sam Rice, Heinie Manush, Joe Cronin.
In particular, a rejuvenated Johnson rebounded in 1924 to win 23 games with the help of his catcher, Muddy Ruel, as the Senators won the American League pennant for the first time in the history of the franchise. The Senators faced John McGraw's favored New York Giants in the 1924 World Series; the two teams traded wins forth with three games of the first six being decided by one run. In the deciding 7th game, the Senators were trailing the Giants 3 to 1 in the 8th inning when Bucky Harris hit a routine ground ball to third which hit a pebble and took a bad hop over Giants third baseman Freddie Lindstrom. Two runners scored on the play. An aging Walter Johnson came in to pitch the ninth inning, held the Giants scoreless into extra innings. In the bottom of the twelfth inning with Ruel at bat, he hit a high, foul ball directly over home plate; the Giants' catcher, Hank Gowdy, dropped his protective mask to field the ball but, failing to toss the mask aside, stumbled over it and dropped the ball, thus giving Ruel another chance to bat.
On the next pitch, Ruel hit a double and proceeded to score the winning run when Earl McNeely hit a ground ball that took another bad hop over Lindstrom's head. This would mark the only World Series triumph for the franchise during their 60-year tenure in Washington; the following season they repeated as American League champions but lost the 1925 World Series to the Pittsburgh Pirates. After Walter Johnson's retirement in 1927, he was hired as manager of the Senators. After enduring a few losing seasons, the team returned to contention in 1930. In 1933, Senators owner Clark Griffith returned to the formula that worked for him nine years prior: 26-year-old shortstop Joe Cronin became player-manager; the Senators posted a 99–53 record and cruised to the pennant seven games ahead of the New York Yankees, but in the 1933 World Series the Giants exacted their revenge winning in five games. Following the loss, the Senators sank all the way to seventh place in 1934 and attendance began to fall. Despite the return of Harris as manager from 1935–42 and again from 1950–54, Washington was a losing ball club for the next 25 years contending for the pennant only during World War II.
Washington came to be known as "first in war, first in peace, last in the American League", with their hard luck being crucial to the plot of the musical and film Damn Yankees. Cecil Travis, Buddy Myer, Roy Sievers, Mickey Vernon, Eddie Yost were notable Senators players whose careers were spent in obscurity due to the team's lack of success. In 1954, the Senators signed future Hall of Fame member Harmon Killebrew. By 1959 he was the Senators’ regular third baseman and led the league with 42 home runs earning him a starting spot on the American League All-Star team. After Griffith's death in 1955, his nephew and adopted son Calvin took over the team presidency. Calvin sold Griffith Stadium to the city of Washington and leased it back leading to speculation that the team was planning to move as the Boston Braves, St. Louis Browns and Philadelphia Athletics had all done in the early 1950s. By 1957, after an early flirtation with San Francisco, Griffith began courting Minneapolis–St. Paul, a prolonged process that resulted in his rejecting the Twin Cities' first offer before agreeing to relocate.
The American League opposed the move at first, but in 1960 a deal was reached