Sirius XM Satellite Radio
Sirius XM Holdings, Inc. doing business as Sirius XM Satellite Radio, is a broadcasting company headquartered in Midtown Manhattan, New York City that provides three satellite radio and online radio services operating in the United States: Sirius Satellite Radio, XM Satellite Radio, Sirius XM Radio. The company has a minor interest in SiriusXM Canada, an affiliate company that provides Sirius and XM service in Canada. At the end of 2013, Sirius XM reorganized their corporate structure, which made Sirius XM Radio Inc. a direct, wholly owned subsidiary of Sirius XM Holdings, Inc. Sirius XM Radio was formed after the U. S. Federal Communications Commission approved the acquisition of XM Satellite Radio Holding, Inc. by Sirius Satellite Radio, Inc. on July 29, 2008, 17 months after the companies first proposed the merger. The merger brought the combined companies a total of more than 18.5 million subscribers based on current subscriber numbers on the date of merging. The deal was valued at $3.3 billion, not including debt.
Through Q2 2017, Sirius XM has more than 32 million subscribers. The proposed merger was opposed by those. Sirius and XM argued. In September 2018, the company agreed to purchase the competing streaming music service and this transaction was completed on the 1st of February 2019. Sirius Satellite Radio was founded by Martine Rothblatt, David Margolese, Robert Briskman. In 1990, Rothblatt founded Satellite CD Radio in Washington, DC; the company was the first to petition the FCC to assign unused frequencies for satellite radio broadcast, which "provoked a furor among owners of both large and small radio stations." In April 1992, Rothblatt resigned as CEO to start a medical research foundation. Former NASA engineer Briskman, who designed the company's satellite technology, was appointed chairman and CEO. Six months in November 1992, Rogers Wireless co-founder Margolese, who had provided financial backing for the venture, acquired control of the company and succeeded Briskman. Margolese renamed the company CD Radio, spent the next five years lobbying the FCC to allow satellite radio to be deployed, the following five years raising $1.6 billion, used to build and launch three satellites into elliptical orbit from Kazakhstan in July 2000.
In 1997, after Margolese had obtained regulatory clearance and "effectively created the industry," the FCC sold a license to XM Satellite Radio, which followed Sirius' example. In November 1999, marketing chief Ira Bahr convinced Margolese to again change the name of the company, this time to Sirius Satellite Radio, in order to avoid association with the soon-to-be-outdated CD technology. Having secured installation deals with automakers, including BMW, Chrysler and Ford, Sirius launched the initial phase of its service in four cities on February 14, 2002, expanding to the rest of the contiguous United States on July 1, 2002. In November 2001, Margolese stepped down as CEO, remaining as chairman until November 2003, with Sirius issuing a statement thanking him "for his great vision and dedication in creating both Sirius and the satellite radio industry." Joe Clayton, former CEO of Global Crossing, followed as CEO from November 2001 until November 2004. Mel Karmazin, former president of Viacom, became CEO in November 2004 and remained in that position through the merger, until December 2012.
The origin of XM Satellite Radio was a Petition for Rulemaking filed at the Federal Communications Commission by regulatory attorney and Founder of Satellite CD Radio Martine Rothblatt, to establish frequencies and licensing rules for the world's first-ever Satellite Digital Audio Radio Service. On May 18, 1990, Satellite CD Radio, Inc. filed a Petition for Rule Making in which it requested spectrum to offer Compact Disc quality digital audio radio service to be delivered by satellites and complementary radio transmitters. Following the Allocation NPRM, the FCC established a December 15, 1992 cut-off date for applications proposing satellite DARS to be considered in conjunction with CD Radio's application. One such application came from American Mobile Radio Corporation, the predecessor company to XM Satellite Radio. XM Satellite Radio was founded by Gary Parsons, it has its origins in the 1988 formation of the American Mobile Satellite Corporation, a consortium of several organizations dedicated to satellite broadcasting of telephone and data signals.
In 1992, AMSC established a unit called the American Mobile Radio Corporation, dedicated to developing a satellite-based digital radio service. Its planned financing was complete by July 2000, at which point XM had raised $1.26 billion and secured installation agreements with General Motors and Toyota. Scheduled for September 12, 2001, XM's service start date was postponed due to the September 11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and The Pentagon. XM Satellite Radio's first broadcast was on September 2001, nearly four months before Sirius. Gary Parsons served as chairman of XM Satellite Radio from its inception through the merger, resigned from the position in November 2009. Hugh Panero served as XM's CEO from 1998 until July 2007, shortly after the merger with Sirius was proposed. Nate Davis was appointed interim CEO until the merger was completed, at which point Sirius CEO Mel Karmazin took over as CEO of the newly merged company, Sirius XM. After years of speculation and three months of serious negotiations, the $13 b
Television, sometimes shortened to tele or telly, is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome, or in color, in two or three dimensions and sound. The term can refer to a television set, a television program, or the medium of television transmission. Television is a mass medium for advertising and news. Television became available in crude experimental forms in the late 1920s, but it would still be several years before the new technology would be marketed to consumers. After World War II, an improved form of black-and-white TV broadcasting became popular in the United States and Britain, television sets became commonplace in homes and institutions. During the 1950s, television was the primary medium for influencing public opinion. In the mid-1960s, color broadcasting was introduced in most other developed countries; the availability of multiple types of archival storage media such as Betamax, VHS tape, local disks, DVDs, flash drives, high-definition Blu-ray Discs, cloud digital video recorders has enabled viewers to watch pre-recorded material—such as movies—at home on their own time schedule.
For many reasons the convenience of remote retrieval, the storage of television and video programming now occurs on the cloud. At the end of the first decade of the 2000s, digital television transmissions increased in popularity. Another development was the move from standard-definition television to high-definition television, which provides a resolution, higher. HDTV may be transmitted in various formats: 1080p, 720p. Since 2010, with the invention of smart television, Internet television has increased the availability of television programs and movies via the Internet through streaming video services such as Netflix, Amazon Video, iPlayer and Hulu. In 2013, 79 % of the world's households owned; the replacement of early bulky, high-voltage cathode ray tube screen displays with compact, energy-efficient, flat-panel alternative technologies such as LCDs, OLED displays, plasma displays was a hardware revolution that began with computer monitors in the late 1990s. Most TV sets sold in the 2000s were flat-panel LEDs.
Major manufacturers announced the discontinuation of CRT, DLP, fluorescent-backlit LCDs by the mid-2010s. In the near future, LEDs are expected to be replaced by OLEDs. Major manufacturers have announced that they will produce smart TVs in the mid-2010s. Smart TVs with integrated Internet and Web 2.0 functions became the dominant form of television by the late 2010s. Television signals were distributed only as terrestrial television using high-powered radio-frequency transmitters to broadcast the signal to individual television receivers. Alternatively television signals are distributed by coaxial cable or optical fiber, satellite systems and, since the 2000s via the Internet; until the early 2000s, these were transmitted as analog signals, but a transition to digital television is expected to be completed worldwide by the late 2010s. A standard television set is composed of multiple internal electronic circuits, including a tuner for receiving and decoding broadcast signals. A visual display device which lacks a tuner is called a video monitor rather than a television.
The word television comes from Ancient Greek τῆλε, meaning'far', Latin visio, meaning'sight'. The first documented usage of the term dates back to 1900, when the Russian scientist Constantin Perskyi used it in a paper that he presented in French at the 1st International Congress of Electricity, which ran from 18 to 25 August 1900 during the International World Fair in Paris; the Anglicised version of the term is first attested in 1907, when it was still "...a theoretical system to transmit moving images over telegraph or telephone wires". It was "...formed in English or borrowed from French télévision." In the 19th century and early 20th century, other "...proposals for the name of a then-hypothetical technology for sending pictures over distance were telephote and televista." The abbreviation "TV" is from 1948. The use of the term to mean "a television set" dates from 1941; the use of the term to mean "television as a medium" dates from 1927. The slang term "telly" is more common in the UK; the slang term "the tube" or the "boob tube" derives from the bulky cathode ray tube used on most TVs until the advent of flat-screen TVs.
Another slang term for the TV is "idiot box". In the 1940s and throughout the 1950s, during the early rapid growth of television programming and television-set ownership in the United States, another slang term became used in that period and continues to be used today to distinguish productions created for broadcast on television from films developed for presentation in movie theaters; the "small screen", as both a compound adjective and noun, became specific references to television, while the "big screen" was used to identify productions made for theatrical release. Facsimile transmission systems for still photographs pioneered methods of mechanical scanning of images in the early 19th century. Alexander Bain introduced the facsimile machine between 1843 and 1846. Frederick Bakewell demonstrated a working laboratory version in 1851. Willoughby Smith discovered the photoconductivity of the element selenium in 1873; as a 23-year-old German university student, Paul Julius Gottlieb Nipkow proposed and patented the Nipkow disk in 1884.
This was a spinning disk with a spiral pattern of holes in it, so each hole scanned a line of the image. Although he never built a working model
Heather Star Childers is an American television news anchor. She is the anchor of Fox & Friends First for the Fox News Channel, she signed on with Fox News in late 2010. Heather Childers grew up in Charlotte, North Carolina; as a young child she attended Sharon Elementary School, in the Foxcroft area of Charlotte, is a 1987 graduate of Myers Park High School. Childers stated that other Fox News on-air correspondents Ainsley Earhardt and Anna Kooiman, attended the same elementary school, although at different times and none were classmates of each other. At 16, she crashed her 1964 Chevrolet Corvair into a tree on Queens Road West. Years of reconstructive facial and oral surgery followed. After graduating from high school, she attended the University of North Carolina at Charlotte and graduated from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and earned an undergraduate degree in English. Childers began her professional career at WCNC-TV, in Charlotte as a Producer/Reporter in 1992. Beginning in 1995, she was a weekday anchor and news director for WFXL, a Fox affiliate in Albany, Georgia.
She moved to WLOS-TV, an ABC affiliate in Asheville, North Carolina in 1999. Beginning in 2002, she became a news anchor for News 14 Carolina for eight years. Childers came to Fox News Channel as a general assignment reporter in the fall of 2010. Childers became an anchor on America's News Headquarters in August 2011, she is one of two rotating co-hosts of the Fox News Channel program Fox & Friends First alongside Heather Nauert. In April 2012, Childers created controversy with a post on her Twitter account. In the post, Childers linked to an article from www.godfatherpolitics.com, titled "Did Obama Campaign Threaten Chelsea Clinton's Life?" The article intimated that Barack Obama was trying to silence the Clinton family on the truth behind Obama's birth certificate. In response to criticism of the tweet, Childers said that she was "asking for opinion." National Academy of Television Journalists, Best Female News Anchor National Academy of Television Journalists, Best Documentary Readers Choice Award Best News Anchor and Best Newscast, The Albany Herald Golden Viddy, Best Female News Anchor Miss Charlotte Mecklenburg Miss North Carolina Preliminary Winner Heather Childers bio at Foxnews.com
Uma Devi Pemmaraju is an American anchor and host on the Fox News Channel cable network. Pemmaraju, raised in San Antonio, Texas, is a host/anchor of "America's News Headquarters w/Uma Pemmaraju" for the Fox News Channel in New York, she reports for Bloomberg News. Pemmaraju was born in Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh and grew up in San Antonio, United States, she graduated from Trinity University in Texas with a Bachelor of Arts degree in political science. Pemmaraju's early television career started in her home state of Texas at KENS-TV and the San Antonio Express-News newspaper as a producer and reporter while keeping a full-time load in college at Trinity University, she served as the editor of her college newspaper. She next moved to KTVT-11 in Dallas, as a news anchor and correspondent and to WMAR-TV in Baltimore where she won an Emmy. From Baltimore, she went to WLVI and WBZ-TV in Boston where she was a correspondent and a tipster/producer for WBZ's Evening Magazine. Pemmaraju was part of the original Fox News Channel team when the network launched in October 1996.
She has hosted a number of specials. She has interviewed high-profile newsmakers from the Dalai Lama to astronaut Buzz Aldrin, Joel Osteen, Carly Simon, Donald Trump, Whoopi Goldberg, Sarah Palin, along with a host of senators and congressional leaders from D. C. In addition to being coined as "Boston's Best Anchor" in 1996 and 1997 by Boston magazine, Pemmaraju has received numerous Emmy awards for her reporting and investigative journalism. Other honors throughout her career include: the Texas AP Award for reporting, The Woman of Achievement Award from the Big Sisters Organization of America and the Matrix Award from Women in Communications, she attended American University studying international relations for one year as part of an exchange program with Trinity. Fox News profile
Melissa Ann Francis is an American actress and commentator for the Fox Business Network and Fox News. Prior to FBN, she worked at CNBC, she is the co-host of After The Bell weekday afternoons with David Asman. She is an anchor of FNC's Happening Now newscast, she is a regular panelist on FNC's afternoon talk show Outnumbered. Born and raised in Los Angeles, Francis graduated from Harvard University in 1995 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in economics. Francis started her acting career on television before her first birthday, first appearing in a Johnson & Johnson shampoo commercial at 6 months of age, she was known for her role as Cassandra Cooper Ingalls on Little House on the Prairie, for two seasons. Other television appearances include two series regular roles: Morningstar/Eveningstar and Joe’s World, three films including Man and Child, where she played Paula Beckwith, she has had appearances in the television series St. Elsewhere in 1986 and the 1988 film Bad Dreams, where she played young Cynthia.
Melissa appeared in nearly 100 commercials during her acting career. She is the inspiration for the fictional character Avery Jessup in the show 30 Rock, although Banks herself has denied this. Francis has worked as a reporter for CNBC and CNET. In January 2012, Francis became an anchor for Fox Business Network. In 2014, Francis became a recurring co-host of Fox News Channel's talk and news commentary program, Outnumbered, she anchors FNC's Happening Now newscast. Francis authored a book in November 2012, Diary of a Stage Mother's Daughter: A Memoir, concerning the trials and joys of having an overbearing mother. Fox Business bio Melissa Francis on IMDb
James Thomas Fallon is an American comedian, television host, singer and producer. He is known for his work in television as a cast member on Saturday Night Live and as the host of late-night talk show The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon and before that Late Night with Jimmy Fallon, he grew up with an interest in comedy and music, moving to Los Angeles at 21 to pursue opportunities in stand-up comedy. He was commissioned to join NBC's Saturday Night Live as a cast member in 1998, fulfilling a lifelong dream. Fallon remained on SNL for six years between 1998 and 2004, co-hosting the program's Weekend Update segment and becoming a celebrity in the process, he left the program for the film industry. Following his film career, Fallon returned to television as the host of Late Night with Jimmy Fallon on NBC in 2009, where he became well known for his emphasis on music and games, he moved from that program to become the sixth permanent host of the long-running The Tonight Show in 2014. In addition to his television work, Fallon has released five books.
James Thomas Fallon was born in the Bay Ridge neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York on September 19, 1974, the son of Gloria and James W. Fallon, he is of German and Norwegian descent. His paternal grandmother, Luise Schalla, was a German immigrant from Osterholz-Scharmbeck, while one of his maternal great-grandfathers, Hans Hovelsen, was a Norwegian immigrant from Fredrikstad. Another set of great-great-grandparents were Thomas Fallon, an Irishman from County Galway, Louisa Stickever, the daughter of an Irishman born in France and his Irish wife. A Vietnam War veteran, Fallon's father spent his adolescence singing in street-corner doo-wop groups. Shortly after his son's birth, he started working as a machine repairman for IBM in Kingston, New York. In preparation, the family relocated nearby to New York. Fallon has described his childhood as "idyllic", while his parents have been described as overprotective, he and his sister, were unable to leave their home and had to ride their bicycles in the backyard.
Fallon attended the Roman Catholic school St. Mary of the Snow, he considered being a priest, inspired by his experiences as an altar boy, but became more interested in comedy instead. He spent many nights recording the radio program The Dr. Demento Show on a reel-to-reel recorder, which exposed him to both comedy and music; as a teenager, Fallon developed an obsession with the late-night comedy program Saturday Night Live, watching it religiously. He grew up viewing "the clean parts" that his parents taped for him, he and Gloria would re-enact sketches like "The Festrunk Brothers" with friends. In his teens, he impressed his parents with different impersonations, including actor James Cagney and comedian Dana Carvey, he was musically inclined, started playing guitar at age 13. He would go on to perform music in contests and shows. By his junior high years, he was labeled a class clown, to his teachers' dismay, but was described as "nice and well-mannered". At Saugerties High School, from which he graduated in 1992, he was a performer in most stage productions, was twice a class social director.
He won a young comedian's contest with an impression of Pee-wee Herman. He attended The College of Saint Rose in Albany, New York, where he was first a computer science major switching to communications in his senior year. In May 2009, 14 years after he left college a semester early to pursue a comedy career, he returned to receive his Bachelor of Arts in communications, he was a double headliner that day at the Saratoga Performing Arts Center, earning an honorary degree reflecting his achievements and joining classmates to collect his degree. St. Rose awarded Fallon his diploma after he earned experiential learning credits through a portfolio review of his television work, he was an average student taking stand-up gigs on the weekends. Fallon would board buses from his aunt's house in Fort Hamilton to Caroline's Comedy Club in Times Square to perform sets. Fallon dropped out of The College of Saint Rose a semester shy of a degree in communications in 1995 to move to Los Angeles and pursue comedy full-time.
He secured a manager and got bookings by the age of 21. He did stand-up at the Improv, earning $7.50 per set, he joined classes with the Groundlings, an improv comedy troupe. He appeared in the feature film The Scheme, his one line in the 1996 film Father's Day was cut. In 1998, Fallon appeared on the show Spin City in the second season as a man selling photographs, he remained fixated on joining Saturday Night Live. After two years of working with the Groundlings, he auditioned for the program in 1997, but was unsuccessful; when he was cast in a pilot presentation for The WB, Fallon made sure to include a clause in his contract specifying that if he were to join SNL he would be released from his contract. His manager sent videotapes to Marci Klein and Ayala Cohen, producers for SNL; this was my ultimate goal. If I cut into a birthday cake and made a wish, I would wish to be on SNL. If I threw a coin into a fountain, I would wish to be on SNL. If I saw a shooting star, I would wish to be on SNL. I remember saying to myself,'If I don't make it on before I'm 25, I'm going to kill myself.'
It's crazy. I had no other plan. I didn't have friends, I didn't have a girlfriend, I didn't have anything going on. I had my career, it. Fallon landed his second audition at the age of 23. At the "notoriously difficult audition," he was told by multiple individuals that creator Lorne Michaels a
Gregory John Gutfeld is an American television personality, editor and blogger. He is host of The Greg Gutfeld Show and one of five co-hosts/panelists on the political talk show The Five, both on the Fox News Channel. Gutfeld hosted Red Eye w/ Greg Gutfeld on the Fox News Channel. Gutfeld is non-religious. Gutfeld was born in San Mateo, the son of Jacqueline Bernice "Jackie" and Alfred Jack Gutfeld, he attended Junípero Serra High School and the University of California, graduating in 1987 with a B. A. in English. In a 2009 interview, Gutfeld explained that he started to experience a change in his political thinking while he was attending UC Berkeley: I became a conservative by being around liberals and I became a libertarian by being around conservatives. You realize that there's something distinctly in common between the two groups, the left and the right. After college he had an internship at The American Spectator, as an assistant to conservative writer R. Emmett Tyrrell, he worked as a staff writer at Prevention magazine and in Emmaus, Pennsylvania, as an editor at various Rodale Press magazines.
In 1995 he became a staff writer at Men's Health. He was promoted to editor in chief of Men's Health in 1999. A year he was replaced by David Zinczenko. Gutfeld became editor in chief of Stuff, increasing circulation from 750,000 to 1.2 million during his tenure. In 2003 he hired several dwarfs to attend a conference of the Magazine Publishers of America on the topic of "buzz", with instructions to be as loud and annoying as possible; the stunt led to Gutfeld's being fired soon afterward. He edited Maxim magazine in the UK from 2004 to 2006. Gutfeld was one of the first posting contributors to The Huffington Post from its launch in 2005 until October 2008. Many of his Huffington Post commentaries/blogs are available on its website. Gutfeld has The Daily Gut. Beginning on February 5, 2007, Gutfeld hosted the hour-long Fox News Channel late-night program, Red Eye w/ Greg Gutfeld. From 2007 to 2013, Bill Schulz served as Andy Levy as the show's ombudsman. Schulz was Gutfeld's colleague at Stuff magazine and Levy was a fellow blogger at The Huffington Post.
On July 11, 2011, Gutfeld became a co-host/panelist on the Fox News political opinion discussion program The Five. The program airs weekdays at 5 p.m. ET. Gutfeld left Red Eye in February 2015, he was replaced on Red Eye by Tom Shillue. In May 2015, it was announced that Gutfeld would be getting his own late-night show called The Greg Gutfeld Show, which debuted on May 31, at 10 p.m. ET. In a five-minute segment broadcast on Tuesday, March 17, 2009, Gutfeld and his panel discussed Canadian Lieutenant General Andrew Leslie's statement that the Canadian Armed Forces may require a one-year "synchronized break" once Canada's mission in Afghanistan ends in 2011. "Meaning, the Canadian military wants to take a breather to do some yoga, paint landscapes, run on the beach in gorgeous white Capri pants," Gutfeld said. "I didn't know they were in the war", comedian panelist Doug Benson added continued, "I thought that's where you go if you don't want to fight. Go chill in Canada." Gutfeld said: "Isn't this the perfect time to invade this ridiculous country?
They have no army!"The segment drew wide attention and outrage in Canada after being posted on YouTube following the reported deaths of four Canadian soldiers in Afghanistan three days earlier. Canada, at the time, had been in command of the NATO mission in the Kandahar Province, the birthplace and former capital of the Taliban, for the preceding three years. Along with the Helmand Province, the two provinces were "home to some of the fiercest opposition to coalition forces" and reported to "have the highest casualty rates per province."Canadian Defence Minister Peter MacKay called on Fox to apologize for the satirical comments, describing the remarks as "despicable and ignorant." Gutfeld in response maintained the show is satirical and irreverent but offered the following apology: "The March 17 episode of Red Eye included a segment discussing Canada's plan for a'synchronized break,', in no way an attempt to make light of troop efforts. However, I realize, it was not my intent to disrespect the brave men and families of the Canadian military, for that I apologize."
On August 9, 2010, Gutfeld stated that he planned on constructing New York City's first Islamic-friendly gay bar next to the Park51 Islamic community center. As of 2018, Gutfeld resides in New York City with his wife, Elena Moussa, whom he met in London, where he lived for three years. Gutfeld was raised once was an altar boy, he describes himself as an "agnostic atheist". The Scorecard: The Official Point System for Keeping Score in the Relationship Game. Henry Holt and Company. 1997. P. 182. ISBN 978-0-8050-5450-7; the Scorecard at Work: The Official Point System for Keeping Score on the Job. Henry Holt and Company. 1999. P. 160. ISBN 978-0-8050-5865-9. Lessons from the Land of Pork Scratchings. Simon & Schuster. 2008. P. 224. ISBN 978-1-84737-066-2; the Bible of Unspeakable Truths. Grand Central Publishing. 2010. P. 304. ISBN 978-0-446-55230-1; the Joy of Hate: How to Triumph over Whiners in the Age of Phony Outrage. New York: Crown Forum. 2012. P. 256. ISBN 978-0307986962. Not Cool: The Hipster Elite and Their War