The Tomahawk Land Attack Missile is a long-range, all-weather, jet-powered, subsonic cruise missile, used by the United States Navy and Royal Navy in ship- and submarine-based land-attack operations. It was designed and produced in the 1970s by General Dynamics as a medium- to long-range, low-altitude missile that could be launched from a surface platform; the missile's modular design accommodates a wide variety of warhead and range capabilities. At least six variants and multiple upgraded versions have been introduced since including air-, sub-, ground-launched variants and conventional and nuclear-armed ones; as of 2019, only non-nuclear, sea-launched variants are in service. The U. S. Navy launched the BGM-109 Tomahawk project, hiring James H. Walker and a team of scientists at the Applied Physics Laboratory near Laurel, Maryland. Since it has been upgraded several times with guidance systems for precision navigation. In 1992–1994, McDonnell Douglas Corporation was the sole supplier of Tomahawk Missiles and produced Block II and Block III Tomahawk missiles and remanufactured many Tomahawks to Block III specifications.
In 1994, Hughes outbid McDonnell Douglas Aerospace to become the sole supplier of Tomahawk missiles. It is now manufactured by Raytheon. In 2016, the U. S. Department of Defense purchased 149 Tomahawk Block IV missiles for $202.3 million. There have been several variants of the missile, including: BGM-109A Tomahawk Land Attack Missile – Nuclear with a W80 nuclear warhead. Retired from service sometime between 2010 and 2013. Reports from early 2018 state that the U. S. Navy is considering introducing a nuclear-tipped cruise missile into service. RGM/UGM-109B Tomahawk Anti-Ship Missile – active radar homing anti-ship missile variant. BGM-109C Tomahawk Land Attack Missile – Conventional with a unitary warhead; this was a modified Bullpup warhead. BGM-109D Tomahawk Land Attack Missile – Dispenser with cluster munitions. RGM/UGM-109E Tomahawk Land Attack Missile – improved version of the TLAM-C. BGM-109G Ground Launched Cruise Missile – with a W84 nuclear warhead. AGM-109H/L Medium Range Air-to-Surface Missile – a shorter-range, turbojet powered air-launched cruise missile with cluster munitions.
Ground-launched cruise missiles and their truck-like launch vehicles were employed at bases in Europe. Many of the anti-ship versions were converted into TLAMs at the end of the Cold War; the Block III TLAMs that entered service in 1993 can fly 3 percent farther using their new turbofan engines and use Global Positioning System receivers to strike more precisely. Block III TLAM-Cs retain the Digital Scene Matching Area Correlation II navigation system, allowing three kinds of navigation: GPS-only, which allow for rapid mission planning, with some reduced accuracy, DSMAC-only, which take longer to plan but terminal accuracy is somewhat better. Block IV TLAMs have an improved turbofan engine that allows them to launch more get better fuel economy, change speeds in flight; the Block IV TLAMs can loiter better and have a real-time targeting system for striking fleeing targets and electro-optical sensors that allow real-time battle damage assessment. The Block IVs can be given a new target in flight and can transmit an image, via satcom before impact to help determine whether the missile is on target and the damage from the attack.
A major improvement to the Tomahawk is network-centric warfare-capabilities, using data from multiple sensors to find its target. It will be able to send data from its sensors to these platforms. Tomahawk Block II variants were all tested during January 1981 to October 1983. Deployed in 1984, some of the improvements included: an improved booster rocket, cruise missile radar altimeter, navigation through the Digital Scene Matching Area Corellator. Tomahawk Block III introduced in 1993 added time-of-arrival control and improved accuracy for Digital Scene Matching Area Correlator and jam-resistant GPS, lighter WDU-36 warhead, engine improvements and extended missile's range. Tactical Tomahawk Weapons Control System takes advantage of a loitering feature in the missile's flight path and allows commanders to redirect the missile to an alternative target, if required, it can be reprogrammed in-flight to attack predesignated targets with GPS coordinates stored in its memory or to any other GPS coordinates.
The missile can send data about its status back to the commander. It entered service with the US Navy in late 2004; the Tactical Tomahawk Weapons Control System added the capability for limited mission planning on board the firing unit. Tomahawk Block IV introduced in 2006 adds the strike controller which can change the missile in flight to one of 15 preprogrammed alternate targets or redirect it to a new target; this targeting flexibility includes the capability to loiter over the battlefield awaiting a more critical target. The missile can transmit battle damage indication imagery and missile health and status messages via the two-way satellite data link. Firing platforms now have the capability to execute GPS-only missions. Block IV has an improved anti-jam GPS receiver for enhanced mission performance. Block IV includes Tomahawk Weapons Control Syste
"Reminisce" / "Where The Story Ends" are two songs by ten piece hip-hop group Blazin' Squad, released as a double A-side single from their debut studio album, In the Beginning. Although a double A-side released was not intended, after the band expressed interest in both songs as singles, the record label decide to pair them together as a double A-side, as they did not wish to release four singles from one album. Although "Reminisce" received more radio and video airplay, "Where the Story Ends" became a significant part of the single release, was performed on TV in promotion of the single. "Reminisce" contains a sample from Zapp's 1985 hit-single "Computer Love". The sample is featured in the intro of the song; the single was released on 10 February 2003. Although it was the least successful single from the album, it did manage to reach a peak position of #8 on the UK Singles Chart, meaning all three singles from the album peaked within the UK Top 10. Music videos were made and released for both songs, although "Reminisce" received more airplay.
Despite the radio version being the prominent mix, the music video for "Reminisce" contains the longer album version. The video lasts for a total length of ten seconds; the video features the group performing the song atop the wreckage in a dis-used scrapyard. The video features individual shots of each band member, as well scenes featuring the whole band; the video was filmed in East London. The music video for "Where the Story Ends" was a much simpler production; the video lasts for a total length of twenty-seven seconds. The video features footage of the band recording the song in the studio, as well as other clips from their TV appearances and greets and other personal appearances. Digital single"Reminisce" - 3:10 "Where The Story Ends" - 4:40UK CD #1"Reminisce" - 3:10 "Where The Story Ends" - 4:40 "How Blazin' Rolls" - 3:41 "Reminisce" - 3:10UK CD #2"Reminisce" - 3:27 "Reminisce" - 4:03 "Where The Story Ends" - 4:27 "Band Video Interview" - 3:58Cassette"Reminisce" - 3:10 "Where The Story Ends" - 4:40 "Reminisce" - 3:27
Dorothea Bennett was a geneticist, known for the genetics of early mammalian development and for research into mammalian sperm surface structures and their role in fertilization and spermatogenesis. She was "one of the major figures in mouse developmental genetics", she was born on Hawaii. She earned a bachelor's degree from Barnard College in 1951 and a doctorate from Columbia University in 1956, she was in the Department of Zoology at Columbia from 1956 to 1962, where she worked with L. C. Dunn. Bennett left to join Cornell University Medical College in 1962, where she remained until 1976. From 1976 to 1986 she was at the Sloan-Kettering Institute for Cancer Research. Bennett moved to the University of Texas in Austin in 1986, where she was the Alfred W. Roark Centennial Professor and chair of the zoology department, helped establish the graduate program in molecular biology, she died of lymphoma in Texas, August 16, 1990. "The T-locus of the Mouse", Cell "Serological Demonstration of H–Y Antigen on Mouse Sperm", Ellen H. Goldberg, Edward A. Boyse, Dorothea Bennett, Margrit Scheid, Elizabeth A. Carswell.
V.232, pp. 478–480. Doi:10.1038/232478a0 "Developmental analysis of a mutation with pleiotropic effects in the mouse", Journal of Morphology "Gene mapping within the T/t complex of the mouse. II. Anomalous position of the H-2 complex in t haplotypes", K Artzt, HS Shin, D Bennett, Cell "Analogies between embryonic antigens and adult major histocompatibility antigens", K Artzt, D Bennett, Nature "A major testicular cell protein specified by a mouse T/t complex gene", LM Silver, K Artzt, D Bennett, Cell Current Topics in Developmental Biology, v.18: Genome Functions, Cell Interactions, Differentiation honorary doctorate from the Faculty of Medicine at Uppsala University, Sweden. "Dorothea Bennett, 60, Geneticist and Teacher", New York Times, Aug. 18, 1990. "In Memoriam: Dorothea Bennett", University of Texas Karen Artzt, "In Memoriam Dorothea Bennett 1929-1990", Immunogenetics, v.33, n.1, pp. 1–3. DOI 10.1007/BF00211688 Theodosius Dobzhansky, Leslie Clarence Dunn, 1893-1974: A Biographical Memoir Lee M. Silver, "In Memoriam: Dorothea Bennett, 1929-1990", Mammalian Genome, v.1, n.2, pp. 69–70.
DOI 10.1007/BF02443780 "Obituaries", The Scientist Magazine, Sept. 17, 1990. Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science
"Heaven" is a song performed by Welsh singer Bonnie Tyler. The song was written by Ronnie Steve Wolfe, who produced the song with David Mackay, it was released in July 1977 by RCA Records, as the lead single from Tyler's second studio album Natural Force. The lyrics depict Tyler realising; the song did not repeat the success of Tyler's previous singles "Lost in France" and "More Than a Lover", only charted in Germany and Australia. Tyler released another single entitled "Heaven" from her twelfth studio album All in One Voice. Record Mirror gave the song a negative review, saying " takes it a bit slow this time and creates less impact than the previous two big hits."
Edward "Ed" Mundell is an American rock guitarist, the lead guitarist for stoner rock group Monster Magnet from 1992 to 2010 and as a founding member of New Jersey Stoner band The Atomic Bitchwax. His style is influenced by psychedelic 1970s rock such as Jimi Hendrix and Tommy Bolin. In 2011, it was announced that Mundell had formed a new project, "The Ultra Electric Mega Galactic", whose debut album released January 2013. In 2014 a 5-song extended EP, "Through The Dark Matter" was released in conjunction with The UEMG's first European tour. An Ed Mundell solo album, "Space Time Employment Agency" had long been in the making, with a release date in late 2014. Other albums of years are the self-titled 9 Chambers album and guest guitar on the debut Abrahma album, "Through the Dusty Paths of Our Lives". Ed Mundell contributes to various recordings and soundtracks as a studio musician in Los Angeles. Mundell is a self-taught guitar player. A founding member of the band The Atomic Bitchwax, he joined Monster Magnet as lead guitarist in 1992.
His first recorded appearance with the band was 1993's Superjudge album. In the span of 18 years he played on seven Monster Magnet albums in total between 1992 and 2010, he left Monster Magnet in 2010 to "collaborate with new producers and musicians". Mundell has been married to film producer/rock photographer Karen M. Murphy since 2006. Ed Mundell INFINITY FUZZ PEDAL Gibson SG Roland Space Echo Ibanez Analog Delay ADA Flanger Marshall Amplifiers Mesa Boogie Dual Rectifiers Orange Amplifiers Fender Stratocaster Moog Voyager Mellotron D4000 Space Time Employment Agency Superjudge Dopes to Infinity Powertrip God Says No Monolithic Baby! 4-Way Diablo Mastermind Atomic Bitchwax I Atomic Bitchwax II Spit Blood The Ultra Electric Mega Galactic Through The Dark Matter Daisycutter - Shithammer Deluxe Solarized - Neanderthal Speedway Scene Killer - Scene Killer Gallery of Mites - Bugs on the Bluefish Michael F. Thomas - Ruby In The Dust "High Times" High Volume: The Stoner Rock Collection - The Glasspack - Bridgeburner Percy Sledge - Shining Through the Rain Faster Pussycat - The Power and the Glory Hole Waxy - Chainsaw Holiday Sasquatch - III'"Awaken" Poison Tree Records Compilation 9 Chambers - "9 Chambers" Abrahma- Through The Dusty Paths of Our Lives Official Website Ed Mundell on Facebook The Ultra Electric Mega Galactic official site
The Dangerous Sports Club, a group of adventurers and extreme sports pioneers based in Oxford and London, were active from the late 1970s for about ten years, during which they developed modern bungee jumping and experimented with a variety of other innovative sporting activities. The Dangerous Sports Club was co-founded by David Kirke, Chris Baker, Ed Hulton and Alan Weston in the 1970s, they first came to wide public attention by inventing modern day bungee jumping, by making the first modern jumps on 1 April 1979, from the Clifton Suspension Bridge, England. They followed the Clifton Bridge effort with a jump from the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, with a televised leap from the Royal Gorge Suspension Bridge in Colorado, sponsored by and televised on the popular American television program That's Incredible! Bungee jumping was a niche novelty; the club's activity and membership peaked in the 1980s, with several dozen active members and holding a wide range of events. The Club was covered in the press, made a film released in 1982 as a supporting feature.
Their activities were recorded by photographer Dafydd Jones, including an image of a young Nigella Lawson playing croquet from a sedan chair during a club tea party. The group split into various factions over the years. Monty Python member Graham Chapman was their most famous member, he worked on a feature movie about the club prior to his death of tonsil and spinal cancer in 1989; when making personal appearances in the 1980s, Chapman would show films of Club activities. The Club, although achieving a degree of social diversity, was rooted in the English upper class and centred geographically in Oxford and the West End of London; the style of dress adopted by members during their activities included top hats and tailcoats, gaining a champagne-swilling image. In addition to bungee jumping, the club specialised in surreal activities; the Club pioneered surrealist skiing, beginning in 1983 and holding three events at St. Moritz, Switzerland, in which competitors were required to devise a sculpture mounted on skis and ride it down a mountain.
Entries included a grand piano, a Louis XIV dining set, an 8-man boat. The event reached its limits when the Club arrived in St. Moritz with a London double-decker bus, wanting to send it down the ski slopes, the Swiss resort managers refused. In 1986, David Kirke was sponsored by Foster's Lager to cross the English Channel in a kangaroo-shaped balloon, suspended beneath helium balloons, leading to his prosecution for flying without a pilot's licence. Other Club activities included; the Oxford Stunt Factory, which shared many members with the Dangerous Sports Club, gained notoriety in 2002, when an Oxford student was killed being launched from a trebuchet by former Dangerous Sports Club members David Aitkenhead and Richard Wicks. The trebuchet had been set up to launch a subject around 30 metres into a safety net; however Kostydin Yankov, 19, fell short of the safety net and suffered severe spinal and leg injuries and died five hours in Frenchay Hospital, Bristol. Aitkenhead and Wicks were charged with manslaughter, but were acquitted on grounds of insufficient evidence.
"Dangerous Sports Club official website". Archived from the original on 4 June 2011