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Tomaree National Park

Tomaree is a national park located in New South Wales, Australia, 145–155 km northeast of Sydney in the Port Stephens local government area. It is located on the shores of the Tasman Sea, extending north from Fishermans Bay to Shoal Bay passing through Boat Harbour, One Mile, Nelson Bay and Fingal Bay. Most entry points to the park are indicated by signs installed by the New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service which indicate any activities that may be prohibited within park boundaries. Two prominent locations in the park are Point Stephens Light, a lighthouse built in 1862 and the Tomaree Head Fortifications, World War II gun emplacements on Tomaree Head which were built in 1941, the location of the No. 20 Radar Station RAAF. Protected areas of New South Wales

Gia Định Province

Gia Định Province is former province of South Vietnam surrounding Saigon. It was one of the country's main industrial centers, it was created in 1832 and split to four smaller provinces in December 1889: Gia Định, Chợ Lớn, Tân An and Tây Ninh. In 1957 it contained Gò Vấp, Tân Bình, Hóc Môn, Thủ Đức, Nhà Bè and Bình Chánh. In 1970 Quảng Xuyên and Cần Giờ districts were added. In February 1976, parts of Biên Hòa, Bình Dương, Đô Thành Saigon and Hậu Nghĩa provinces were annexed to Gia Định and it was renamed to Sài Gòn-Gia Định. On 2 July 1976 it was renamed Hồ Chí Minh City. Former governors of the province include Nguyễn Văn Thành

Anticlinura movilla

Anticlinura movilla is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Mangeliidae. The length of the shell attains its diameter 2.6 mm. The small, white shell has a fusiform shape, it contains about five whorls beside the protoconch. The suture is distinct and appressed; the anal fasciole is narrow, nearly smooth except for lines of growth, bordered in front by an inconspicuous angular shoulder. From this shoulder extend feeble, subequal, axial riblets, with subequal interspaces, crossed by fine, close-set spiral threads; the ribs extend to the suture, or on the body whorl to the base, the threads cover the whole surface. The anal sulcus is shallow; the outer lip is thin, moderately arcuate. The columella and the body are smooth, the former obliquely attenuated in front, not pervious; the siphonal canal is short and recurved This marine species occurs in the Pacific Ocean off Acapulco, Mexico. Tucker, J. K. 2004 Catalog of recent and fossil turrids. Zootaxa 682:1-1295

Tsat language

Tsat known as Utsat, Hainan Cham, or Huíhuī, is a language spoken by 4,500 Utsul people in Yanglan and Huixin villages near Sanya, China. Tsat is a member of the Malayo-Polynesian group within the Austronesian language family, is one of the Chamic languages originating on the coast of present-day Vietnam. Unusually for an Austronesian language, Tsat has developed into a solidly tonal language as a result of areal linguistic effects and contact with the diverse tonal languages spoken on Hainan including varieties of Chinese such as Hainanese and Standard Chinese, Tai–Kadai languages such as the Hlai languages, Hmong–Mien languages such as Kim Mun. Hainan Cham tones correspond to various Proto-Chamic sounds. Pérez Pereiro, Alberto. "Tonality in Phan Rang Cham and Tsat". Archived from the original on 2006-03-20. Retrieved 2006-12-22. Recent papers on Tsat

Nexon Computer Museum

The Nexon Computer Museum is a museum on Jeju Island, South Korea. It opened on July 27, 2013, it is known as one of the first permanent museum in Korea, dedicated for the history of computer and video games. In 2017, the museum houses 6,900 items including personal computers, video game consoles and software; the museum's supporters include institutions such as Computerspielemuseum Berlin and International Center for the History of Electronic Games, IT companies such as Nexon, Gamevil, Oculus VR, Thalmic Labs, Take-Two Interactive, Sony Computer Entertainment, etc. The principle of Nexon Co. Ltd.'s museum is to interact and communicate with a range of visitors from across boundaries, by collecting, researching and educating historic digital artifacts. The Nexon Computer Museum is displaying one of the original Apple I. Purchased from Sotheby's on June 15, 2012 for $374,500, their Apple I is one of only six that are still operational; this Apple I operated in 2010 and 2013. A video footage of their year 2013's Apple I operating test was revealed in G-Star 2013, as part of the Nexon Computer Museum's moving exhibition PC Road Show.

Their collection includes the original Altair 8800, Commodore PET, IBM Personal Computer and classic Korean computers such as Zemix V, SPC-1500A, IQ-1000, FC-100D etc. that were developed and/or distributed by Samsung and Goldstar. The museum provides several gaming software available for visitors to play, such as Space Invaders, Prince of Persia, Hanme-Type Writing Teacher and various others, it offers various education programs to local communities. 1st Floor: Welcome_Stage "Computer as Theatre" - concentrates on the history of personal computers 2nd Floor: Open_Stage "Between Reality and Fantasy" - concentrates on the history of video games and next-gen technologies 3rd Floor: Hidden_Stage "The Real Revolution" - concentrates on education programs and open source based inventions B1 Floor: Special_Stage "Crazy Arcade" - concentrates on the history of arcade games The museum aims to research and archive MMO games, one of the strongest video game genres in South Korea. In 2014, Nexon Computer Museum restored and preserved the earliest version of graphical MMORPG Kingdom of Winds, available to play online.

In addition, it provides regional education program such as'NCM Kids Panel','Integrated Kids Workshop HAT','Open Workshop', etc. In June 17, 2015, the museum released its'360 Virtual Museum', which offer a virtual tour of the Nexon Computer Museum's collection. April 6th 2016, free mobile application'NCM Mobile Application' was launched for both iOS and Android, which allows users to look for and share pictures and information of 440 major artifacts. From April to November 2016, Nexon Computer Museum held its first on-going Virtual Reality contents festival ‘2016 NCM VR OPEN CALL’ to raise public interest in Virtual Reality and support new challenges of content creators. Six awardees were chosen among 58 works in various genres including travel, fairy tale and education. With total 5mln KRW as award, all winners had the opportunity to have Develop Week and Artist Talk program* with independent exhibition in Nexon Computer Museum VR zone; the winners had a special pop-up museum exhibition at Nexon Korea building at Pan-gyo, South Korea.

On November 3rd, 2016, Nexon Computer Museum commissioned the winners of 2016 NCM VR OPEN CALL as 2017 NCM Accelerator: VR Project to support further contents development of the artists. Nexon Computer Museum will fund each team from 0.5 to 1 million KRW monthly along with international exhibition and mentoring for a year. Starting from 2016 NCM VR OPEN CALL, Nexon Computer Museum hopes to be a stable companion of the artists to mount new challenges. Established July 27, 2013. Restored the earliest version of graphical MMORPG Kingdom of Winds on May 27, 2014. Museum Remark: Keyboard & Mouse exhibition since July 19, 2014. 360 Virtual Museum since June 17, 2015.'NCM Mobile Application' launched April 6th, 2016'2016 NCM VR OPEN CALL' from April to November, 2016 Nexon Co. Ltd. Official website: Official website: Official Facebook page: 360 Virtual Museum:

Yersinia enterocolitica

Yersinia enterocolitica is a Gram-negative, bacillus-shaped bacterium, belonging to the family Yersiniaceae. It becomes nonmotile at normal human body temperature. Y. enterocolitica infection causes the disease yersiniosis, an animal-borne disease occurring in humans, as well as in a wide array of animals such as cattle, deer and birds. Many of these animals become carriers; the bacterium infects the host by sticking to its cells using trimeric autotransporter adhesins. The genus Yersinia includes 11 species: Y. pestis, Y. pseudotuberculosis, Y. enterocolitica, Y. frederiksenii, Y. intermedia, Y. kristensenii, Y. bercovieri, Y. mollaretii, Y. rohdei, Y. aldovae, Y. ruckeri. Among them, only Y. pestis, Y. pseudotuberculosis, certain strains of Y. enterocolitica are of pathogenic importance for humans and certain warm-blooded animals, whereas the other species are of environmental origin and may, at best, act as opportunists. However, Yersinia strains can be isolated from clinical materials, so they have to be identified at the species level.

Y. enterocolitica is a heterogeneous group of strains, which are traditionally classified by biotyping into six biogroups on the basis of phenotypic characteristics, by serotyping into more than 57 O serogroups, on the basis of their O surface antigen. Five of the six biogroups are regarded as pathogens. However, only a few of these serogroups have been associated with disease in either humans or animals. Strains that belong to serogroups O:3, O:5,27, O:8, O:9 are most isolated worldwide from human samples. However, the most important Y. enterocolitica serogroup in many European countries is serogroup O:3 followed by O:9, whereas the serogroup O:8 is detected in the United States. Y. enterocolitica is widespread in nature, occurring in reservoirs ranging from the intestinal tracts of numerous mammals, avian species, cold-blooded species, from terrestrial and aquatic niches. Most environmental isolates are avirulent. In addition, sheep, wild rodents, environmental water may be a reservoir of pathogenic Y. enterocolitica strains.

Human pathogenic strains are confined to the intestinal tract and lead to enteritis/diarrhea. The portal of entry is the gastrointestinal tract; the organism is acquired by insufficiently cooked pork or contaminated water, meat, or milk. Acute Y. enterocolitica infections lead to mild self-limiting enterocolitis or terminal ileitis and adenitis in humans. Symptoms may include watery or bloody diarrhea and fever, resembling appendicitis or salmonellosis or shigellosis. After oral uptake, Yersinia species invade Peyer's patches. From here they can disseminate further to mesenteric lymph nodes causing lymphadenopathy; this condition can be confused with appendicitis. In immunosuppressed individuals, they can disseminate from the gut to the liver and spleen and form abscesses; because Yersinia species are siderophilic bacteria, people with hereditary hemochromatosis are more susceptible to infection with Yersinia. In fact, the most common contaminant of stored blood is Y. enterocolitica. See yersiniosis for further details.

Yersiniosis is self-limiting and does not require treatment. For sepsis or severe focal infections if associated with immunosuppression, the recommended regimen includes doxycycline in combination with an aminoglycoside. Other antibiotics active against Y. enterocolitica include trimethoprim-sulfamethoxasole, fluoroquinolones and chloramphenicol. Y. enterocolitica is resistant to penicillin G, cefalotin due to beta-lactamase production. Y. enterocolitica infections are sometimes followed by chronic inflammatory diseases such as arthritis, erythema nodosum, reactive arthritis. This is most because of some immune-mediated mechanism. Y. Enterocolitica seems to be associated with autoimmune Graves-Basedow thyroiditis. Whilst indirect evidence exists, direct causative evidence is limited. Y. Enterocolitica is not a major cause of this disease, but may contribute to the development of thyroid autoimmunity arising for other reasons in genetically susceptible individuals. Y. Enterocolitica infection has been suggested to be not the cause of autoimmune thyroid disease, but rather an associated condition, with both sharing a common inherited susceptibility.

More the role for Y. enterocolitica has been disputed. Yersinia enterocolitica genomes and related information at PATRIC, a Bioinformatics Resource Center funded by NIAID "Yersinia enterocolitica". NCBI Taxonomy Browser. 630. Type strain of Yersinia enterocolitica subsp. Enterocolitica at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase