Tomb of Nebamun

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Tomb of Nebamun
Le Jardin de Nébamoun.jpg
Pond in a Garden from the Tomb, Thebes.
TombofNebamun-2.jpg
Period/culture Dynasty XVIII
Discovered 1820
Theban Necropolis
Discovered by Giovanni Yanni d'Athanasi
Present location British Museum, London
www.britishmuseum.org/visiting/galleries/ancient_egypt/room_61_tomb-chapel_nebamun.aspx

The Tomb of Nebamun from the Dynasty XVIII was located in the Theban Necropolis located on the west bank of the Nile at Thebes (present-day Luxor), in Egypt.[1] The tomb was the source of a number of famous decorated tomb scenes that are currently on display in the British Museum, London.[1][2]

Nebamun (c 1350 BCE) was a middle-ranking official scribe and grain counter at the temple complex in Thebes. His tomb was discovered in 1820 by a young Greek, Giovanni ("Yanni") d’Athanasi, who was acting as an agent for Henry Salt, the British Consul-General.

The tomb's plastered walls were richly and skilfully decorated with lively fresco paintings, depicting idealised views of Nebamun’s life and activities. D’Athanasi and his workmen literally hacked out the pieces he wanted with knives, saws and crowbars. Salt sold these works to the British Museum in 1821, though some of other fragments became located in Berlin and possibly Cairo. D’Athanasi later died in poverty without ever revealing the tomb’s exact location.[3]

The best-known of the tomb’s paintings include Nebamun fowl hunting in the marshes, dancing girls at a banquet, and a pond in a garden;[4] in 2009 the British Museum opened up a new gallery dedicated to the display of the restored eleven wall fragments from the tomb. They have been described as the greatest paintings from ancient Egypt to have survived, and as one of the Museum's greatest treasures[5][6]

Various scenes from the paintings have been used by artists in more modern times. Lawrence Alma-Tadema incorporated a scene of geese herding for a wall decoration depicted in his Joseph, Overseer of Pharaoh’s Granary (1874), and Paul Gauguin used part of a banquet scene as a compositional plan in his Ta Matete(1892)[7]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Salvat, Juan (1970). Historia del arte (in Spanish). Tomo 1. Barcelona: Salvat Editores, Sociedad Anónima. p. 320. ISBN 8434532433. 
  2. ^ "New Egyptian Gallery at the British Museum". Retrieved 2008-09-01. 
  3. ^ Parkinson 2008, p. 14.
  4. ^ Parkinson 2008, p. 63.
  5. ^ Parkinson 2008, p. 9.
  6. ^ "New Egyptian Gallery at the British Museum". Retrieved 2008-09-01. 
  7. ^ Philip McCouat, "Lost masterpieces of ancient Egyptian art from the Nebamun tomb-chhapel" Journal of Art in Society http://artinsociety.com

Bibliography[edit]