Green Arrow is a fictional superhero who appears in comic books published by DC Comics. Created by Mort Weisinger and designed by George Papp, he first appeared in More Fun Comics #73 in November 1941, his real name is Oliver Jonas Queen, a wealthy businessman and owner of Queen Industries, a well-known celebrity in Star City. Sometimes shown dressed like the character Robin Hood, Green Arrow is an archer who uses his skills to fight crime in his home cities of Star City and Seattle, as well as alongside his fellow superheroes as a member of the Justice League. Though much less used in modern stories, he deploys a range of trick arrows with various special functions, such as glue, explosive-tipped, grappling hook, flash grenade, tear gas and kryptonite arrows for use in a range of special situations. At the time of his debut, Green Arrow functioned in many ways as an archery-themed analogue of the popular Batman character, but writers at DC subsequently developed him into a voice of left-wing politics much distinct in character from Batman.
Green Arrow enjoyed moderate success in his early years, becoming the cover feature of More Fun, as well as having occasional appearances in other comics. Throughout his first twenty-five years, the character never enjoyed greater popularity. In the late 1960s, writer Denny O'Neil, inspired by the character's dramatic visual redesign by Neal Adams, chose to have him lose his fortune, giving him the then-unique role of a streetwise crusader for the working class and the disadvantaged. In 1970, he was paired with a more law and order-oriented hero, Green Lantern, in a ground-breaking conscious comic book series. Since he has been popular among comic book fans and most writers have taken an urban, gritty approach to the character; the character was killed off in the 1990s and replaced by a new character, Oliver's son Connor Hawke. Connor, proved a less popular character, the original Oliver Queen character was resurrected in the 2001 "Quiver" storyline, by writer Kevin Smith. In the 2000s, the character has been featured in bigger storylines focusing on Green Arrow and Black Canary, such as the DC event The Green Arrow/Black Canary Wedding and the high-profile Justice League: Cry for Justice storyline, prior to the character's relaunch alongside most of DC's properties in 2011.
Green Arrow was not a well-known character outside of comic book fandom: he had appeared in a single episode of the animated series Super Friends in 1973. In the 2000s, the character appeared in a number of DC television properties, including the animated series Justice League Unlimited, Young Justice, The Batman and Batman: The Brave and the Bold, several DC Universe Animated Original Movies. In live action, he appeared in the series Smallville, played by actor Justin Hartley, became a core cast member. In 2012, the live action series Arrow debuted on The CW, in which the title character is portrayed by Stephen Amell, launching several spin-off series, becoming the starting point for a DC Comics shared television universe called the Arrowverse. Green Arrow and Speedy first appeared in More Fun Comics #73, illustrated by artist George Papp; when Mort Weisinger was creating the character, aside from the obvious allusions to Robin Hood, he took inspiration from a movie serial, The Green Archer, based on the novel by Edgar Wallace.
He retooled the concept into a superhero archer with obvious Batman influences. These include Green Arrow's sidekick Speedy, his use of an Arrowcar and Arrow-Plane for transportation, his use of an Arrow-Cave as his headquarters, his alter ego as a wealthy playboy, the use of an Arrow-Signal to summon him, as well as a clown-like arch foe named Bull's Eye, similar to Batman's arch-foe, the Joker, his and Speedy's first origin stories were told in More Fun Comics #89. Green Arrow ran as a back-up feature in More Fun Comics until the mid-1940s in Adventure Comics between 1946 and 1960. Green Arrow and Speedy appeared in various issues of World's Finest Comics until issue #140; the Green Arrow and Speedy feature was one of five back-up features to be promoted in one of the earliest team-up books, Leading Comics. He was one of the few DC characters to keep going after the Golden Age of Comic Books, his longevity was due to the influence of creator Mort Weisinger, who kept him as a back-up feature to the headlining Superboy, first in More Fun Comics and Adventure Comics.
As a result, he avoided being revived and "re-imagined" for the Silver Age, as the Flash, Green Lantern, others were. Aside from sharing Adventure Comics with him, issue #258 featured an encounter between a younger Oliver Queen and Superboy; the Green Arrow and Speedy feature during this period included a short run in 1958 written by Dick and Dave Wood and drawn by Jack Kirby. For much of this period, Green Arrow's adventures were written by France Herron, the character's primary scripter 1947–1963. In 1969, artist Neal Adams updated the character's visual appearance by giving him a Van Dyke beard and costume of his own design in The Brave and the Bold #85. Writer Dennis O'Neil followed up on Green Arrow's new appearance by remaking the character's attitude in Justice League of America #75, having Oliver Queen lose his fortune and become an outspoken advocate of the underprivileged and the political left wing; the story turned teammate Black Canary into a love interest for Queen. In the early 1970s, Green Arrow became a co-feature with Green Lantern in
Action Comics is an American comic book/magazine series that introduced Superman, one of the first major superhero characters. The publisher was known as National Allied Publications, as National Comics Publications and as National Periodical Publications, before taking on its current name of DC Comics, its original incarnation ran from 1938 to 2011 and stands as one of the longest-running comic books with consecutively numbered issues. A second volume of Action Comics beginning with issue #1 ran from 2011 to 2016. Action Comics returned to its original numbering beginning with issue #957. Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster saw their creation, launched in Action Comics #1 on April 18, 1938, an event which began the Golden Age of Comic Books. Siegel and Shuster had tried for years to find a publisher for their Superman character—originally conceived as a newspaper strip—without success. Superman was a bald madman created by Siegel and Shuster who used his telepathic abilities to wreak havoc on mankind.
He appeared in Shuster's book Science Fiction. Siegel commented, "What if this Superman was a force for good instead of evil?" The writer and artist had worked on several features for National Allied Publications' other titles such as Slam Bradley in Detective Comics and were asked to contribute a feature for National's newest publication. They submitted Superman for consideration and, after re-pasting the sample newspaper strips they had prepared into comic book page format, National decided to make Superman the cover feature of their new magazine. After seeing the published first issue, publisher Harry Donenfeld dismissed the featured strip as ridiculous and ordered it never to be on the cover of the series again. Subsequent reports of the first issue's strong sales and follow up investigations revealed that Superman was the reason, thus the character returned to the covers, becoming a permanent presence in issue 19 onward. Action Comics was an anthology title featuring a number of other stories in addition to the Superman story.
Zatara, a magician, was one of the other characters. There was the hero Tex Thompson, who became Mr. America and the Americommando. Vigilante enjoyed a lengthy run in this series. Sometimes stories of a more humorous nature were included, such as those of Hayfoot Henry, a policeman who talked in rhyme; the series saw the introduction of several characters and themes which would become longstanding elements of the Superman mythos. Lois Lane made her debut in the first issue with Superman. An unnamed "office boy" with a bow tie makes a brief appearance in the story "Superman's Phony Manager" published in Action Comics #6, claimed to be Jimmy Olsen's first appearance by several reference sources. Superman was first depicted as possessing the power of flight in issue #13. Other new superpowers depicted for the first time for the character included X-ray vision in issue #18 and telescopic vision and super-breath in issue #20. Luthor, a villain who would become Superman's archenemy, was introduced in issue #23.
The original Toyman was created by writer Don Cameron and artist Ed Dobrotka in issue #64. By 1942, artist Wayne Boring, one of Shuster's assistants, had become a major artist on Superman. Under editor Mort Weisinger, the Action Comics title saw a further expansion of the Superman mythology. Writer Jerry Coleman and Wayne Boring created the Fortress of Solitude in issue #241 and Otto Binder and Al Plastino debuted the villain Brainiac and the Bottle City of Kandor in the next issue the following month; the size of the issues was decreased as the publisher was reluctant to raise the cover price from the original 10 cents, so there were fewer stories. For a while, Congo Bill and Tommy Tomorrow were the two features in addition to Superman. Writer Robert Bernstein and artist Howard Sherman revamped the "Congo Bill" backup feature in issue #248 in a story wherein the character gained the ability to swap bodies with a gorilla and his strip was renamed Congorilla; the introduction of Supergirl by Otto Binder and Al Plastino occurred in issue #252.
Following this debut appearance, Supergirl adopted the secret identity of an orphan "Linda Lee" and made Midvale Orphanage her base of operations. In Action Comics # 261, her pet cat Streaky was introduced by Jim Mooney. Supergirl joined the Legion of Super-Heroes in issue #276 and acted for three years as Superman's "secret weapon," until her existence was revealed in Action Comics #285. In the view of comics historian Les Daniels, artist Curt Swan became the definitive artist of Superman in the early 1960s with a "new look" to the character that replaced Wayne Boring's version. Bizarro World first appeared in the story "The World of Bizarros!" in issue #262. Writer Jim Shooter created the villain the Parasite in Action Comics #340. Mort Weisinger retired from DC in 1970 and his final issue of Action Comics was issue #392. Murray Boltinoff became the title's editor until issue #418. Metamorpho was the backup feature in issues #413–418 after which the character had a brief run as the backup in World's Finest Comics.
Julius Schwartz became the editor of the series with issue #419 which introduced the Human Target by Len Wein and Carmine Infantino in the back-up feature. Green Arrow and Black Canary became a backup feature in #421 and ran through #458 rotating with the Human Target and the Atom. Between issues #423 and #424 (June 1
Batman and Son
"Batman and Son" is a 2006 comic book story arc featuring the DC Comics character Batman. Written by Grant Morrison and drawn by Andy Kubert, the story was published in four parts in the comic book Batman starting in #655 and ending in #658; the story was the beginning of Morrison's run in the Batman comic as well as his long-term take on the character of Batman through multiple titles over the next seven years. The arc introduced Batman's son, Damian Wayne, bringing him into the mainstream continuity of the DC Universe. Morrison was hired by DC editors to give his take on Batman after having given his definitive take on the character of Superman in All Star Superman. In writing the arc, he took ideas from past Batman stories the 1987 story Batman: Son of the Demon. Morrison brought back the idea of a son, being born from a love affair between Batman and Talia al Ghul, the daughter of his nemesis, Ra's al Ghul; the boy had been trained from birth by the League of Assassins and was sent by Talia to live with Batman in a plot to disrupt his crime-fighting and distract him.
It includes the use of sometime Batman adversary, Dr. Kirk Langstrom and the serum he uses to become the creature Man-Bat; the arc served as the beginning of Morrison's Batman run and was followed by a prose story about the Joker in Batman #663 and the fan-named story arc The Three Ghosts of Batman. These two arcs and the Joker story were collected together in trade paperback form since many elements introduced in the first arc were used and expanded upon in the second arc; the story had a lasting impact on the DC Universe, introducing the character of Damian who would go on to co-star in two on-going monthly series for DC and appear in other comic books frequently. The character of Batman was created by artist Bob Kane, he was introduced in the anthology comic book series Detective Comics #27 in May 1939 published by National Allied Publications, though at the time was referred to as "The Bat-Man." The character was deemed a success, followed Superman's lead with the debut of a second on-going self-named title.
Batman #1 premiered in spring 1940. The two titles added new characters to the Batman mythos, including the Detective Comics #38 debut of a sidekick for Batman, Robin. Super-villains and other nemeses for the duo were created as well, with Talia al Ghul introduced in Detective Comics #411, her father, Ra's al Ghul in Batman #232; the cast of characters in Batman expanded over the years as characters evolved and left for their own comic books. The original Robin left to become his own character, Nightwing, in 1984, new characters took over the secret identity of Robin throughout the years. In 2005, the character of Tim Drake was Robin. In that year, the miniseries Infinite Crisis was released; the series was a crossover event of all of the characters of the DC Universe, had universe-changing consequences. At the end of the series, Batman decides that he needs to focus on keeping his family safe and close, so leaves Gotham City with Nightwing and his butler Alfred Pennyworth for a year. After his return, he adopts Tim Drake.
Batman had many interactions with the al Ghul family through the years. Early in their interactions it was established that Talia would be a love interest for Batman against her father's wishes. Ra's decides that Batman is the perfect mate for his daughter, after a test where Batman saves her from apparent kidnappers, he considers the two married despite Batman's objections; this idea was explored in 1987's Batman: Son of the Demon, where the two have a child, Damian. Though the story was never in continuity and plot points from it would be used in other stories. In the 2003 story, Batman: Death and the Maidens, Ra's is killed and Talia psychologically tortured until she disavows her love of Batman. After the story, Talia was portrayed more as Batman's enemy than his lover. Senior editor at DC Comics, Peter Tomasi, was the editor of the Batman books in 2006, he was supposed to be the editor of Grant Morrison's Superman story, All Star Superman, however when that changed and he was on Batman, he decided he wanted to work with Morrison.
Tomasi spoke with DC's executive editor, Dan Didio and convinced him to hire Morrison for the main Batman book. Morrison had worked with the character of Batman in the graphic novel Arkham Asylum: A Serious House on Serious Earth, where he explored the psyches of Batman and a number of his enemies, in the storyline, Batman: Gothic, where he created a story about the past of Gotham City and Batman himself. Morrison used these previous stories when he conceived his new Batman story which would become Batman R. I. P.. Morrison told Didio what he was working towards, when Didio agreed to his ideas, Morrison used Batman and Son to start to work towards this story. After Morrison was chosen as writer, an artist was needed, it was decided that he would be paired with Andy Kubert, who had started his career at DC Comics and had just signed a three-year exclusive contract with the company. The story begins in medias res as the Joker has managed to poison Commissioner Gordon and is crouched over what appears to be a bloody and beaten Batman.
As Joker gloats over his "victory", the beaten Batman pulls out a handgun and manages to shoot the Joker in the face. At that moment, the real Batman captures the Joker, throwing him into a dumpster; when he visits a recovering Gordon in the hospital, he learns that in his short time back in Gotham, he has managed to rid the city of supercrime. In the Batcave, Alfred tells Batman that he has been so focused on his war on crime that he has started to l
Justice Society of America
The Justice Society of America is a superhero team appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. The Justice Society of America was conceived by writer Gardner Fox; the JSA first appeared in All Star Comics #3, making it the first team of superheroes in comic books. The team was popular, but in the late 1940s, the popularity of superhero comics waned, the JSA's adventures ceased with issue #57 of the title. JSA members remained absent from comics until ten years when the original Flash appeared alongside a new character by that name in The Flash #123. During the Silver Age of Comic Books, DC Comics reinvented several Justice Society members and banded many of them together in the Justice League of America; the Justice Society was established as existing on "Earth-Two" and the Justice League on "Earth-One". This allowed for annual cross-dimensional team-ups of the teams between 1963 and 1985. New series, such as All-Star Squadron, Inc. and a new All-Star Comics featured the JSA, their children and their heirs.
These series explored the issues of aging, generational differences, contrasts between the Golden Age and subsequent eras. The 1985 Crisis on Infinite Earths limited series merged all of the company's various alternate realities into one, placing the JSA as World War II-era predecessors to the company's modern characters. A JSA series was published from 1999 to 2006, a Justice Society of America series ran from 2007 to 2011; as part of DC Comics' 2011 relaunch of its entire line of monthly books an unnamed version of the team appears in the Earth 2 Vol 1, Earth 2 World's End, Earth 2: Society. The Justice Society of America first appeared in All Star Comics #3 written by Gardner Fox and edited by Sheldon Mayer during the Golden Age of Comic Books; the team included: Doctor Fate, Hour-Man, the Spectre, the Sandman, the Atom, the Flash, Green Lantern, Hawkman. Because some of these characters were published by All-American Publications rather than DC Comics, All-Star Comics #3 is the first inter-company superhero title, as well as the first team-up title.
Comics' historian Les Daniels noted that: "This was a great notion, since it offered readers a lot of headliners for a dime, the fun of watching fan favorites interact."The JSA's adventures were written by Gardner Fox as well as by John Broome and Robert Kanigher. The series was illustrated by a legion of artists including: Martin Nodell, Joe Kubert, Jack Kirby, Harry Lampert, Joe Simon, Alex Toth, Sheldon Moldoff, Carmine Infantino, Joe Giella, Win Mortimer, Bernard Baily, Frank Giacoia, H. G. Peter, Jack Burnley, Lee Elias, Irwin Hasen, Bob Oksner, Paul Reinman, Everett E. Hibbard, Bernard Sachs; the first JSA story featured the team's first meeting, with a framing sequence for each member telling a story of an individual exploit. In the next issue, the team worked together on a common case, but each story from there on still featured the members individually on a mission involving part of the case, banding together in the end to wrap things up. An in-house rule explicitly laid out on the last page of All Star Comics #5, reprinted on page 206 of All Star Comics Archives Vol. 1, required that whenever a member received his or her own title, that character would leave All Star Comics, becoming an "honorary member" of the JSA.
Thus, the Flash was replaced by Johnny Thunder after #6, Green Lantern left shortly thereafter for the same reason. For this reason and Batman were established as being "honorary" members prior to All Star Comics #3. How these two heroes helped found the JSA before becoming honorary members was not explained until DC Special #29 in 1977. Hawkman is the only member to appear in every JSA adventure in the original run of All Star Comics. All Star Comics #8 featured the first appearance of Wonder Woman. Unlike the other characters who had their own titles, she was allowed to appear in the series, but only as the JSA's secretary from #11 onward, did not take part in most adventures until much in the series, she was excluded from the title because of the same rules that had excluded the Flash, Green Lantern and Batman from the title, though in #13 it was claimed she had become an active member. A fan club for the team called the "Junior Justice Society of America" was introduced in All Star Comics #14.
The membership kit included a welcome letter, a badge, a decoder, a four-page comic book, a membership certificate. By All Star Comics #24, a real-world schism between National Comics and All-American Publications—a nominally independent company run by Max Gaines and Jack Liebowitz—had occurred, which resulted in the Detective Comics, Inc. heroes being removed from the title. As a result, the Flash and Green Lantern returned to the team. With issue #27, National Comics bought out Max Gaines' share of All-American and the two companies merged to form Detective Comics, Inc; the JSA roster remained the same for the rest of the series. Gardner Fox left the series with issue #34 with a story that introduced a new super-villain, the Wizard; the Injustice Society first battled the JSA in issue #37 in a tale written by Robert Kanigher. The team's second female member, Black Canary, first helped the group in All Star Comics #38 and became a full member in #41. All Star Comics and the JSA's Golden Age adventures ended with issue #57, the title becoming All-Star Western, with no superheroes.
A good amount of artwork has survived from an unpublishe
Free will is the ability to choose between different possible courses of action unimpeded. Free will is linked to the concepts of responsibility, guilt and other judgements which apply only to actions that are chosen, it is connected with the concepts of advice, persuasion and prohibition. Traditionally, only actions that are willed are seen as deserving credit or blame. There are numerous different concerns about threats to the possibility of free will, varying by how it is conceived, a matter of some debate; some conceive free will to be the capacity to make choices in which the outcome has not been determined by past events. Determinism suggests that only one course of events is possible, inconsistent with the existence of free will thus conceived; this problem has been identified in ancient Greek philosophy and remains a major focus of philosophical debate. This view that conceives free will to be incompatible with determinism is called incompatibilism and encompasses both metaphysical libertarianism, the claim that determinism is false and thus free will is at least possible, hard determinism, the claim that determinism is true and thus free will is not possible.
It encompasses hard incompatibilism, which holds not only determinism but its negation to be incompatible with free will and thus free will to be impossible whatever the case may be regarding determinism. In contrast, compatibilists hold; some compatibilists hold that determinism is necessary for free will, arguing that choice involves preference for one course of action over another, requiring a sense of how choices will turn out. Compatibilists thus consider the debate between libertarians and hard determinists over free will vs determinism a false dilemma. Different compatibilists offer different definitions of what "free will" means and find different types of constraints to be relevant to the issue. Classical compatibilists considered free will nothing more than freedom of action, considering one free of will if, had one counterfactually wanted to do otherwise, one could have done otherwise without physical impediment. Contemporary compatibilists instead identify free will as a psychological capacity, such as to direct one's behavior in a way responsive to reason, there are still further different conceptions of free will, each with their own concerns, sharing only the common feature of not finding the possibility of determinism a threat to the possibility of free will.
The underlying questions are whether we have control over our actions, if so, what sort of control, to what extent. These questions predate the early Greek stoics, some modern philosophers lament the lack of progress over all these centuries. On one hand, humans have a strong sense of freedom, which leads us to believe that we have free will. On the other hand, an intuitive feeling of free will could be mistaken, it is difficult to reconcile the intuitive evidence that conscious decisions are causally effective with the view that the physical world can be explained to operate by physical law. The conflict between intuitively felt freedom and natural law arises when either causal closure or physical determinism is asserted. With causal closure, no physical event has a cause outside the physical domain, with physical determinism, the future is determined by preceding events; the puzzle of reconciling'free will' with a deterministic universe is known as the problem of free will or sometimes referred to as the dilemma of determinism.
This dilemma leads to a moral dilemma as well: the question of how to assign responsibility for actions if they are caused by past events. Compatibilists maintain. Classical compatibilists have addressed the dilemma of free will by arguing that free will holds as long as we are not externally constrained or coerced. Modern compatibilists make a distinction between freedom of will and freedom of action, that is, separating freedom of choice from the freedom to enact it. Given that humans all experience a sense of free will, some modern compatibilists think it is necessary to accommodate this intuition. Compatibilists associate freedom of will with the ability to make rational decisions. A different approach to the dilemma is that of incompatibilists, that if the world is deterministic our feeling that we are free to choose an action is an illusion. Metaphysical libertarianism is the form of incompatibilism which posits that determinism is false and free will is possible; this view is associated with non-materialist constructions, including both traditional dualism, as well as models supporting more minimal criteria.
Yet with physical indeterminism, arguments have been made against libertarianism in that it is difficult to assign Origination. Free will here is predominantly treated with respect to physical determinism in the strict sense of nomological determinism, although other forms of determinism are relevant to free will. For example and theological determinism challenge metaphysical libertarianism with ideas of destiny and fate, biological and psychological determinism feed the development of compatibilist models. Separate classes of compatibilism and incompatibilism may be formed to represent these. Below are the classic arguments bearing upon its underpinnings. Incompatibilism is the position that free will and determinism are logically incomp
Professor Anthony Ivo is a fictional character, a mad scientist in DC Comics. Anthony Ivo appeared in the second season of Arrow played by Dylan Neal. Professor Ivo first appeared in The Brave and the Bold #30 and was created by Gardner Fox and Mike Sekowsky. Anthony Ivo grew up with a crippling fear of death; the thought of his life ending was so terrifying to him that he avoided his own mother's funeral. For Ivo, avoiding death became his life's obsession. Ivo took to studying cybernetics and soon became an employee of the criminal organization Locus, where he gained new insights through the dissection of one of the Appellaxians, he used this knowledge to build Amazo. Pre-Crisis on Infinite Earths, his desire to perfect Amazo was so great he had little qualms with killing his own father and a complete stranger in the benefit of the mental and biological templates he needed to create the android. In any case, both Pre- and Post-Crisis, he had Amazo attack the JLA in the hope of using their powers to imbue himself with immortality.
Pre-Crisis he tried to use Amazo to steal long-lived creatures. He captured the JLA, save Batman and Superman, in gas-filled cylinders, stole their powers and placed them in Amazo; the powers enabled him to make a potion that would allow him to live for 500 years, when needed he can make more of the potion. He told Amazo to remove their memories; however Green Lantern recharges his ring, having used the yellowish-greenish gas he had inhaled exhaled to protect him from the ring, draws the powers out of Amazo and back to their rightful owners giving them back their memories. At the end of the story Ivo is sentenced to 500 years. Years Ivo discovered an immortality potion and drank it, but found that the immortality brought with it horrible disfigurement that made his skin scaly, he blamed this on the JLA and drifted further into insanity as he attacked the League on numerous occasions. Ivo built duplicates of himself to keep him company; these duplicates were repulsed by the insanity of their creator and locked him away carried out his dreams of revenge by attacking the new Justice Leaguers and killing Vibe.
A year Ivo built a private island populated by robots. There, Ivo created "Men In Black" nicknamed Amazoids; the Amazoids could steal one superpower each. However, this time Ivo's goal was not suicide. Ivo realized, his body was becoming more and more infected and more immobile, until he would be nothing but a pain-filled living statue. Fearing this more than death, he ordered the Amazoids to turn their full power on him, it did not work. The JLA'er Ice, sympathizing with him, unknowingly invoked the power of Guy Gardner's Power Ring to cure him. Professor Ivo's disfiguring experience was not enough to keep him from the temptation of the immortality serum and he once again brought about his own deformity by drinking it; as both Ice and the Green Lantern rings were gone, Ivo consigned himself to his own horrible fate and was imprisoned. He would form a partnership of sorts with fellow mad scientist T. O. Morrow, constructing the powerful mechanized superheroine Tomorrow Woman as a trap to mindwipe the JLA with an electromagnetic pulse.
While both men bickered and bantered all the while, they formed a friendship or camaraderie of sorts drinking a toast when he was imprisoned by the JLA. Still, T. O. Morrow was annoyed at Professor Ivo's boasts about Amazo, to spite him, snitched on him to the JLA when Professor Ivo planned to use the android to escape. Still, they remained comrades of some sort and still delight in belitting each other. On, the nearly omnipotent android Hourman sought Professor Ivo to have him explain the nature of androids; as the father and precursor of the entire race, Professor Ivo gave him the best explanation he could in exchange for a minor piece of knowledge Professor Ivo wanted: whether he would die or not in the end. Hourman gave him an answer, which the reader is not privy to, left Ivo in his lair to meditate on it. Professor Ivo returned in Infinite Crisis as a member of the Secret Society of Super Villains, he appeared in Brad Meltzer's Justice League of America sans disfigurement. However, in a fight with Black Canary and Green Lantern, he claims to still retain his immortality.
In Justice League of America #4, it is revealed that he is not the mastermind of the events, but rather working for an intelligent Solomon Grundy. It appears Grundy is using Ivo to build him an Amazo body to live forever, despite Grundy being immortal, he took part in the Salvation Run storyline. The Secret Society of Super Villains assigned him to collect soil samples in Auschwitz, Poland which will be used to create the Wonder Woman villain Genocide. Professor Ivo brings along his newest android Red Volcano as an aid. During this mission, it is revealed that Professor Ivo is not in agreement to create the new villain but follows through with orders at the prospect of having other Secret Society members create an antidote for his physical disfigurement. Following the Final Crisis, he was with Cheetah III's Secret Society of Super Villains. After tiring of Professor Ivo's torment, Red Tornado coordinated with his Justice League teammates to have his former creator captured and incarcerated; this would seem to be a continuity error, as the Red Tornado was created by T.
O. Morrow, not Ivo. Maxwell Lord approaches Professor Ivo with a job to reprogram the Metal Men and