Album, is a collection of audio recordings issued as a single item on CD, audio tape, or another medium. Albums of recorded music were developed in the early 20th century, first as books of individual 78rpm records, vinyl LPs are still issued, though in the 21st century album sales have mostly focused on compact disc and MP3 formats. The audio cassette was a format used from the late 1970s through to the 1990s alongside vinyl, an album may be recorded in a recording studio, in a concert venue, at home, in the field, or a mix of places. Recording may take a few hours to years to complete, usually in several takes with different parts recorded separately. Recordings that are done in one take without overdubbing are termed live, the majority of studio recordings contain an abundance of editing, sound effects, voice adjustments, etc. With modern recording technology, musicians can be recorded in separate rooms or at times while listening to the other parts using headphones. Album covers and liner notes are used, and sometimes additional information is provided, such as analysis of the recording, the term album was applied to a collection of various items housed in a book format.
In musical usage the word was used for collections of pieces of printed music from the early nineteenth century. Later, collections of related 78rpm records were bundled in book-like albums, the LP record, or 33 1⁄3 rpm microgroove vinyl record, is a gramophone record format introduced by Columbia Records in 1948. It was adopted by the industry as a standard format for the album. Apart from relatively minor refinements and the important addition of stereophonic sound capability, the term album had been carried forward from the early nineteenth century when it had been used for collections of short pieces of music. Later, collections of related 78rpm records were bundled in book-like albums, as part of a trend of shifting sales in the music industry, some commenters have declared that the early 21st century experienced the death of the album. Sometimes shorter albums are referred to as mini-albums or EPs, Albums such as Tubular Bells, Hergest Ridge by Mike Oldfield, and Yess Close to the Edge, include fewer than four tracks.
There are no rules against artists such as Pinhead Gunpowder referring to their own releases under thirty minutes as albums. These are known as box sets, material is stored on an album in sections termed tracks, normally 11 or 12 tracks. A music track is a song or instrumental recording. The term is associated with popular music where separate tracks are known as album tracks. When vinyl records were the medium for audio recordings a track could be identified visually from the grooves
Al McKay is an American guitarist, songwriter and former member of the American funk band Earth, Wind & Fire, and a recipient of six Grammy Awards. McKay now leads his own group which started life as Al McKays L. A, all Stars, with former EWF members Johnny Graham, Fred White, Rahmlee Michael Davis and Michael Harris of the former Phenix Horns, and Andrew Woolfolk. In 2001, the released a album in entitled Al Dente through the Japanese label. A live album followed in 2003 on the record label. Both releases are only as imports. His instructional video for Star Licks Productions appeared on VHS in the mid-1980s, with a re-designed video sleeve, it was re-issued on VHS during the 1990s. He now performs with his band, The Al McKay Allstars, performing a show called The Earth, Wind & Fire Experience, there is a live DVD from this project, which was filmed in Eastern Europe. It was released on the Lithuanian label, Rhythm Records, McKay is a left-handed guitar player. With Eddie Henderson Comin Through Official Website Al McKay at soultracks. com www. videoartsmusic. com
Philip Wells Phil Woods was an American jazz alto saxophonist, clarinetist and composer. Woods was born in Springfield, Massachusetts and he studied music with Lennie Tristano, who influenced him greatly, at the Manhattan School of Music and at the Juilliard School. His friend, Joe Lopes, coached him on clarinet as there was no saxophone major at Juilliard at the time. Although he did not copy Charlie Bird Parker, he was known as the New Bird, in the 1950s, Woods began to lead his own bands. Quincy Jones invited him to accompany Dizzy Gillespie on a tour sponsored by the U. S. State Department. A few years he toured Europe with Jones, and in 1962 he toured Russia with Benny Goodman, after moving to France in 1968, Woods led the European Rhythm Machine, a group which tended toward avant-garde jazz. He returned to the United States in 1972 and, after an attempt to establish an electronic group, he formed a quintet which was still performing, with some changes of personnel. As his theme, Woods used a piece titled Hows Your Mama, Woods earned the top alto sax player award almost 30 times in Downbeat magazines annual readers poll.
His quintet was awarded the top small combo title several times, in 1979, Woods made the recording More Live at the Armadillo World Headquarters in Austin, Texas. Perhaps his best known recorded work as a sideman is a pop piece, his alto sax solo on Billy Joels 1977 Just the Way You Are. He played the alto sax solo on Steely Dans Doctor Wu from their 1975 album Katy Lied, although Woods was primarily a saxophonist, he was a clarinet player and solos can be found scattered through his recordings. One particular example is his solo on Misirlou on the album Into the Woods. Woods, along with Rick Chamberlain and Ed Joubert, founded the organization Celebration of the Arts in 1978 late one night in the bar at the Deer Head Inn in Delaware Water Gap, the organization would eventually become the Delaware Water Gap Celebration of the Arts. Their initial goal was to foster an appreciation of jazz. Each year, the hosts the Celebration of the Arts Festival in the town of Delaware Water Gap in September.
In 2005, Jazzed Media released the documentary Phil Woods, A Life in E Flat – Portrait of a Jazz Legend, directed by Rich Lerner and produced by Graham Carter. Woods was married to Chan Parker, the widow of Charlie Parker, for seventeen years and was the stepfather to Chans daughter, Kim. On September 4,2015, he performed a tribute to Charlie Parker with Strings at the Manchester Craftsmens Guild and he died on September 29,2015, at the age of 83
Harry Bluestone was a British violinist who composed music for TV and Movie. He was prolific and worked mainly on composing with Emil Cadkin, earlier on, he was a violinist and freelanced on radio in the 1930s with Artie Shaw, Benny Goodman and the Dorsey Brothers. Some of his compositions were featured on APM Music. He retired in 1987 and died of tuberculosis in Studio City, blostein in England on September 30,1907 and apparently went to New York as a boy. He took up the violin at an age, and the liner notes on his Artistry in Jazz album reveal “he performed the Bruch G-Minor Violin Concerto to critical acclaim when only 7 years old. ”As a teenager. Harry graduated from the Institute of Musical Art, and freelanced on radio programmes in the 1930s with the Dorsey Brothers, Benny Goodman. He played with Bix Beiderbecke, Bunny Berigan and Red Nichols, Bluestone had his own 15-minute radio show, recorded for Brunswick Records and was hired by Paramount Studios as its concertmaster. After the war, Bluestone set up his own orchestra which backed Jo Stafford and he got a first taste of the music library business as production manager for Standard Transcriptions.
Among his discoveries while recording in France was singer Robert Clary and he wrote books in the 1980s on playing violin and trumpet. Bluestone lived with his wife Le Bluestone and he died of complications of Parkinsons disease in 1992
A record producer or music producer oversees and manages the sound recording and production of a band or performers music, which may range from recording one song to recording a lengthy concept album. A producer has many roles during the recording process, the roles of a producer vary. The producer may perform these roles himself, or help select the engineer, the producer may pay session musicians and engineers and ensure that the entire project is completed within the record companies budget. A record producer or music producer has a broad role in overseeing and managing the recording. Producers often take on an entrepreneurial role, with responsibility for the budget, contracts. In the 2010s, the industry has two kinds of producers with different roles, executive producer and music producer. Executive producers oversee project finances while music producers oversee the process of recording songs or albums. In most cases the producer is a competent arranger, composer. The producer will liaise with the engineer who concentrates on the technical aspects of recording.
Noted producer Phil Ek described his role as the person who creatively guides or directs the process of making a record, indeed, in Bollywood music, the designation actually is music director. The music producers job is to create and mold a piece of music, at the beginning of record industry, producer role was technically limited to record, in one shot, artists performing live. The role of producers changed progressively over the 1950s and 1960s due to technological developments, the development of multitrack recording caused a major change in the recording process. Before multitracking, all the elements of a song had to be performed simultaneously, all of these singers and musicians had to be assembled in a large studio and the performance had to be recorded. As well, for a song that used 20 instruments, it was no longer necessary to get all the players in the studio at the same time. Examples include the rock sound effects of the 1960s, e. g. playing back the sound of recorded instruments backwards or clanging the tape to produce unique sound effects.
These new instruments were electric or electronic, and thus they used instrument amplifiers, new technologies like multitracking changed the goal of recording, A producer could blend together multiple takes and edit together different sections to create the desired sound. For example, in jazz fusion Bandleader-composer Miles Davis album Bitches Brew, producers like Phil Spector and George Martin were soon creating recordings that were, in practical terms, almost impossible to realise in live performance. Producers became creative figures in the studio, other examples of such engineers includes Joe Meek, Teo Macero, Brian Wilson, and Biddu
A synthesizer is an electronic musical instrument that generates electric signals that are converted to sound through instrument amplifiers and loudspeakers or headphones. Synthesizers may either imitate instruments like piano, Hammond organ, vocals, natural sounds like ocean waves, etc. or generate new electronic timbres. Synthesizers without built-in controllers are called sound modules, and are controlled via USB, MIDI or CV/gate using a controller device. Synthesizers use various methods to generate electronic signals, synthesizers were first used in pop music in the 1960s. In the 1970s, synths were used in disco, especially in the late 1970s, in the 1980s, the invention of the relatively inexpensive, mass market Yamaha DX7 synth made synthesizers widely available. 1980s pop and dance music often made use of synthesizers. In the 2010s, synthesizers are used in genres of pop, rock. Contemporary classical music composers from the 20th and 21st century write compositions for synthesizer, the beginnings of the synthesizer are difficult to trace, as it is difficult to draw a distinction between synthesizers and some early electric or electronic musical instruments.
One of the earliest electric musical instruments, the telegraph, was invented in 1876 by American electrical engineer Elisha Gray. He accidentally discovered the sound generation from a self-vibrating electromechanical circuit and this musical telegraph used steel reeds with oscillations created by electromagnets transmitted over a telegraph line. Gray built a simple loudspeaker device into models, consisting of a diaphragm in a magnetic field. This instrument was a remote electromechanical musical instrument that used telegraphy, though it lacked an arbitrary sound-synthesis function, some have erroneously called it the first synthesizer. In 1897, Thaddeus Cahill invented the Teleharmonium, which used dynamos, and was capable of additive synthesis like the Hammond organ, Cahills business was unsuccessful for various reasons, and similar but more compact instruments were subsequently developed, such as electronic and tonewheel organs. In 1906, American engineer, Lee De Forest ushered in the electronics age and he invented the first amplifying vacuum tube, called the Audion tube.
This led to new entertainment technologies, including radio and sound films, ondes Martenot and Trautonium were continuously developed for several decades, finally developing qualities similar to synthesizers. In the 1920s, Arseny Avraamov developed various systems of graphic sonic art, in 1938, USSR engineer Yevgeny Murzin designed a compositional tool called ANS, one of the earliest real-time additive synthesizers using optoelectronics. The earliest polyphonic synthesizers were developed in Germany and the United States, during the three years that Hammond manufactured this model,1,069 units were shipped, but production was discontinued at the start of World War II. Both instruments were the forerunners of the electronic organs and polyphonic synthesizers
A horn section is a group of musicians playing horns. In an orchestra or concert band, it refers to the musicians who play the French horn, in many popular-music genres the term is applied loosely to any group of woodwind or brass instruments, or a combination of woodwinds and brass. In a symphony orchestra, the section is the group of symphonic musicians who play the French horn. These musicians are typically seated to the back of the ensemble, placing them to the left with their bells toward the audience increases the prominence of the section, whereas on the right, the sound reflects off the back of the stage. The order from the horn to the fourth horn is right to left from the directors view. The section is ordered in this way so the horn may be heard by all players, as the principal sets the timbre. The horn section usually has parts which are prepared by an arranger using orchestration to provide a harmonic and melodic accompaniment to a song or musical group. In some cases, the section may improvise a simple backing part using well-known stock lines.
Horn sections are a part of musical genres such as jazz, R&B, funk, ska, soul music. Most of these horn sections feature some combination of saxophones, more rarely, other wind or brass instruments such as flute, clarinet or tuba may be added. Other popular musical genres, such as rock and pop, use horn sections, horn sections in blues bands and funk groups may be composed of session musicians playing arranged parts, or they may be a consistent group of musicians. A small number of horn sections use a consistent group of musicians who become known as a unit. Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments, Oxford Music Online