Tonsina, Alaska

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Tonsina, Alaska
Location of Tonsina, Alaska
Location of Tonsina, Alaska
Coordinates: 61°39′43″N 145°10′39″W / 61.66194°N 145.17750°W / 61.66194; -145.17750Coordinates: 61°39′43″N 145°10′39″W / 61.66194°N 145.17750°W / 61.66194; -145.17750
CountryUnited States
StateAlaska
Census AreaValdez-Cordova
Government
 • State senatorsClick Bishop (R)
Mike Dunleavy (R)
 • State reps.George Rauscher (R)
Dave Talerico (R)
Area
 • Total148.0 sq mi (383.3 km2)
 • Land147.8 sq mi (382.8 km2)
 • Water0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
Elevation
1,565 ft (477 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total78
 • Density0.6/sq mi (0.2/km2)
Time zoneUTC-9 (Alaska (AKST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-8 (AKDT)
Area code(s)907
FIPS code02-78350
GNIS feature ID1411105

Tonsina /tɒnˈsnə/ is a census-designated place (CDP) in Valdez-Cordova Census Area, Alaska, United States At the 2010 census the population was 78, down from 92 in 2000.

Tonsina is part of the Copper River Valley area; the centerpiece of Tonsina valley is the Tonsina River Lodge. This roadhouse alongside the Richardson Highway consists of a bar, restaurant, gas station, convenience and liquor store, laundromat and showers. There is also a camping area, RV park and motel. A main attraction of the roadhouse is the historic hotel.

The Tonsina River Lodge is a rambling, shambling, gravel-covered spread, with weatherbeaten buildings; the historic hotel is an orange, three story Army barracks with a red tin roof. It once was a brothel; the lodge is at the end of an airplane runway. The lodge sits in the foothills of several towering, snow-capped mountain ranges, next to a stream. In 2006, the flooding from the stream took out the two-lane concrete bridge that crosses the stream. Connecting Valdez to Anchorage, the Richardson Highway bridge was repaired in two weeks.

Geography[edit]

Tonsina is located at 61°39′43″N 145°10′39″W / 61.66194°N 145.17750°W / 61.66194; -145.17750 (61.661883, -145.177582).[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 148.0 square miles (383 km2), of which, 147.8 square miles (383 km2) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) of it (0.13%) is water.

Climate[edit]

Tonsina has a continental subarctic climate (Köppen Dfc).

Climate data for Tonsina
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 46
(8)
48
(9)
54
(12)
65
(18)
79
(26)
90
(32)
88
(31)
88
(31)
79
(26)
62
(17)
51
(11)
50
(10)
90
(32)
Average high °F (°C) 3.3
(−15.9)
16
(−9)
29.5
(−1.4)
43.6
(6.4)
56
(13)
66
(19)
69.1
(20.6)
65.2
(18.4)
54.6
(12.6)
36.1
(2.3)
15.4
(−9.2)
6.2
(−14.3)
38.4
(3.6)
Average low °F (°C) −14.1
(−25.6)
−7.3
(−21.8)
−0.4
(−18.0)
17.7
(−7.9)
30
(−1)
38.7
(3.7)
43.2
(6.2)
38.8
(3.8)
30
(−1)
17.4
(−8.1)
−2
(−19)
−10.6
(−23.7)
15.1
(−9.4)
Record low °F (°C) −60
(−51)
−53
(−47)
−46
(−43)
−24
(−31)
6
(−14)
20
(−7)
26
(−3)
17
(−8)
−1
(−18)
−23
(−31)
−42
(−41)
−61
(−52)
−61
(−52)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.84
(21)
0.99
(25)
0.48
(12)
0.26
(6.6)
0.51
(13)
1.27
(32)
1.8
(46)
1.38
(35)
1.31
(33)
1.3
(33)
1.25
(32)
1.25
(32)
12.65
(321)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 9.5
(24)
10.2
(26)
5.7
(14)
2.6
(6.6)
0.5
(1.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.9
(2.3)
9.5
(24)
12.7
(32)
12.5
(32)
64.2
(163)
Average precipitation days 6 6 3 2 4 8 11 10 9 9 7 7 82
Source: [2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1980135
199038−71.9%
200092142.1%
201078−15.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[3]

Tonsina first appeared on the 1980 U.S. Census as a census-designated place (CDP).

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 92 people, 34 households, and 21 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 0.6 people per square mile (0.2/km²). There were 45 housing units at an average density of 0.3/sq mi (0.1/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 84.78% White, 2.17% Black or African American, 9.78% Native American and 3.26% Asian.

There were 34 households out of which 35.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 2.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.45.

In the CDP, the age distribution of the population shows 32.6% under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 17.4% from 25 to 44, 28.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 142.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 121.4 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $32,188, and the median income for a family was $48,750. Males had a median income of $58,000 versus $25,000 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $13,390. There were 7.4% of families and 6.7% of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and none of those over 64.

Parks[edit]

The Squirrel Creek State Recreation Site is a small 160 acres (65 ha) park on the banks of the Tonsina. The park has a campground, and access to the river, a creek, and a small lake, offering fishing for various species of trout and salmon.[5][6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  2. ^ "TONSINA, AK (509385)". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
  3. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ Squirrel Creek SRS, Alaska Department of Natural Resources
  6. ^ The Milepost, 2018 edition, page 434 ISBN 9781892154378