Cockneys vs Zombies
Cockneys vs Zombies is a 2012 British zombie comedy film directed by Matthias Hoene and written by James Moran and Lucas Roche. The plot centres on a group of Cockneys who arm themselves to rescue their grandfather and his friends from their retirement home as a zombie apocalypse takes place in the East End of London. In a building site being developed by Hartman Construction in the East End of London, two builders discover a 17th-century catacomb, sealed by order of Charles II; when they enter to search for treasure, they are bitten by zombies, setting off a zombie outbreak in the area. Elsewhere, Terry MacGuire and his younger brother Andy have planned a bank robbery so they can save their grandfather Ray's retirement home from being demolished, they recruit their cousin Katy, hopeless Davey Tuppence, "Mental" Mickey, an unstable war veteran who has a metal plate in his forehead, gather a large supply of weapons. During the robbery, the group find they have crashed an embezzlement deal between the bank manager and the head of Hartman Construction.
Expecting to find a few hundred grand, they find themselves staring at 2.5 million pounds in cash. The bank manager had thought they were from Hartman due to their costumes, but realises otherwise and presses an emergency button to summon the police. With the bank surrounded, Mickey takes charge of the escape plan and takes bank workers Emma and Clive hostage. However, upon attempting to leave the bank, the group find that the police have been killed by a growing horde of zombies, they escape in their van with the cash from the vault. Meanwhile, at the retirement home, the zombies attack the residents. Ray and residents Peggy, former gangster Daryl and Eric take refuge in the kitchen; the MacGuires, Mickey and their hostages drive through a devastated East End until they reach their safe-house, where they stowed their car earlier. Mickey is bitten by a zombie, the group finds out from the radio about the extent of the epidemic but don't know what to do with themselves. Emma pleads with Mickey and Davey to let her and Clive go, saying she does not care about their'selfish' plans, Katy tells her they are not robbing the bank for themselves, but to save the retirement home.
Mickey, growing more irrational and tired of the friendliness of his fellow bank robbers, decides to leave and takes Emma and Clive with him to a side room where he ties them up, sits down to rest. Soon after, Mickey turns into a zombie. Realising shooting him in the head is failing to kill Mickey, Terry destroys him with a hand-grenade he confiscated earlier. In the subsequent confusion, Clive picks up Mickey's gun and insists on handing the group over to the police. However, he is promptly attacked and eaten by zombies, reflexively shoots Davey dead by accident in the process; the group pack the money and themselves into Terry's waiting car, intending to travel to the retirement home, but on the way they stop to look for Emma's younger sister. Terry and Emma find her as a zombie, they set off again. However, the group realise that the car is inadequate for ferrying the pensioners, so Katy hot-wires a traditional red London double-decker bus. Arriving at the care home, they manage to break the zombie siege and rescue Ray and the other surviving residents.
They all escape aboard the bus, but it breaks down before it can reach safety and the group are forced to abandon it. Realising they are close to the river, they head off to find a boat. Making their way to a mooring they find a boat, Peggy finds the keys, but they realise as they try to pull away that it is still chained up. Ray decides to sacrifice himself to save the others, but he still manages to survive and joins the rest on the boat as they make their final escape. On the river, the group wonder. Cockneys vs Zombies would prove to be the final film credit for Briers; the film premiered at the 2012 London FrightFest Film Festival. It was released on Blu-ray and DVD on 3 September 2013 by Shout Factory! as part of their Scream Factory line up. It has a 20-minute behind-the-scenes featurette, a video to teach the extras how to act like a zombie, the trailer; the film was received positively by critics. As of May 2018, it holds a Rotten Tomatoes rating of 74%, based on 46 reviews. Cockneys vs Zombies on IMDb Cockneys vs Zombies at Rotten Tomatoes
A rag-and-bone man collects unwanted household items and sells them to merchants. Traditionally this was a task performed on foot, with the scavenged materials kept in a small bag slung over the shoulder; some rag-and-bone men used a cart, sometimes pulled by pony. In the 19th century, rag-and-bone men lived in extreme poverty, surviving on the proceeds of what they collected each day. Conditions improved following the Second World War, but the trade declined during the latter half of the 20th century. However, due in part to the soaring price of scrap metal, rag-and-bone men can once again be seen at work in many Third World countries. In the UK, 19th-century rag-and-bone men scavenged unwanted rags, bones and other waste from the towns and cities where they lived. Henry Mayhew's 1851 report, London Labour and the London Poor, estimates that in London, between 800 and 1,000 "bone-grubbers and rag-gatherers" lived in lodging houses, garrets and "ill-furnished rooms in the lowest neighbourhoods."
The bone-picker and rag-gatherer may be known at once by the greasy bag which he carries on his back. He has a stick in his hand, this is armed with a spike or hook, for the purpose of more turning over the heaps of ashes or dirt that are thrown out of the houses, discovering whether they contain anything, saleable at the rag-and-bottle or marine-store shop; these bone-grubbers, as they were sometimes known, would spend nine or ten hours searching the streets of London for anything of value, before returning to their lodgings to sort whatever they had found. In rural areas where no rag merchants were present, rag-and-bone men dealt directly with rag paper makers, but in London they sold rag to the local trader. White rag could fetch two-to-three pence per pound, depending on condition. Coloured rag was worth about two pence per pound. Bones, worth about the same, could be used as knife handles and ornaments, when treated, for chemistry; the grease extracted from them was useful for soap-making.
Metal was more valuable. Brass and pewter was valued at about four-to-five pence per pound. In a typical day, a rag-and-bone man might expect to earn about sixpence. Mayhew's report indicates that many who worked as rag-and-bone men did so after falling on hard times, lived in squalor. Although they started work well before dawn, they were not immune to the public's ire. In Paris, ragpickers could operate only at night, they were required to return unusually valuable items either to the authorities. When Eugène Poubelle introduced the garbage can in 1884, he was criticised by French newspapers for meddling with the ragpickers' livelihood. A 1954 report in The Manchester Guardian mentions that some men could make as much as £25 a day collecting rags. Most used handcarts rather than a bag, some used a pony and cart, giving out rubbing stones in exchange for the items they collected. In 1958 a Manchester Guardian reporter accompanied one rag-and-bone man, John Bibby, as he made his rounds through Chorlton and Stretford, near Manchester.
For his handcart's load, which comprised rags, shoes, scrap car parts, a settee and other furniture, he made about £2. The rag-and-bone trade fell into decline though. Local merchants blamed several factors, including demographic changes, for the decline of their industry. A newspaper report of 1965 estimates that in London, only a "few hundred" rag-and-bone men remained due to competition from more specialised trades such as corporation dustmen, pressure from property developers to build on rag merchants' premises. Despite the BBC's popular TV comedy Steptoe and Son, which helped maintain the rag-and-bone man's status in British folklore, by the 1980s they were gone. Rising scrap metal prices have prompted their return, although most drive vans rather than a horse and cart, announce their presence by megaphone, causing some members of the public to complain about the noise created. Zabbaleen, a group of people in Egypt who operate in a similar manner Junk man Glossary of textile manufacturing Karung guni, a counterpart to the rag-and-bone man in the former Crown Colony of Singapore.
Footnotes Notes Bibliography The end of the road for the rag-and-bone man, at independent.co.uk
The Avengers (TV series)
The Avengers is an espionage British television series created in 1961. It focused on Dr. David Keel, aided by John Steed. Hendry left after the first series, his most famous assistants were intelligent and assertive women: Cathy Gale, Emma Peel and Tara King. The series ran from 1961 until 1969; the pilot episode, "Hot Snow", aired on 7 January 1961. The final episode, "Bizarre", aired on 21 April 1969 in the United States, on 21 May 1969 in the United Kingdom; the Avengers was produced by a contractor within the ITV network. After a merger with Rediffusion London in July 1968, ABC Television became Thames Television, which continued production of the series, though it was still broadcast under the ABC name. By 1969, The Avengers was shown in more than 90 countries. ITV produced a sequel series The New Avengers with Patrick Macnee returning as John Steed, two new partners. In 2007, The Avengers was ranked; the Avengers was marked by different eras as co-stars went. The only constant was John Steed, played by Patrick Macnee.
Associated British Corporation produced a single series of Police Surgeon, in which Ian Hendry played police surgeon Geoffrey Brent, from September through to December 1960. While Police Surgeon did not last long, viewers praised Hendry, ABC Television cast him in its new series The Avengers, which replaced Police Surgeon in January 1961; the Avengers began with episode "Hot Snow", in which medical doctor David Keel investigates the murder of his fiancée and office receptionist Peggy by a drug ring. A stranger named John Steed, investigating the ring and together they set out to avenge her death in the first two episodes. Steed afterward asked Keel to partner him, as needed, to solve crimes. Hendry was considered the star of the new series, receiving top billing over Macnee, Steed did not appear in two episodes; as the first series of The Avengers progressed, Steed's importance increased, he carried the final episode solo. While Steed and Keel used wit while discussing crimes and dangers, the series depicted the interplay—and tension—between Keel's idealism and Steed's professionalism.
As seen in one of the three surviving episodes from the first series, "The Frighteners", Steed had helpers among the population who provided information, similar to the "Baker Street Irregulars" of Sherlock Holmes. The other regular in the first series was Carol Wilson, the nurse and receptionist who replaced the slain Peggy. Carol assisted Keel and Steed in cases, in at least one episode was much in the thick of the action, but without being part of Steed's inner circle. Hafner had played opposite Hendry as a nurse in one episode of Police Surgeon; the series was shot on 405-line videotape using a multicamera setup. There was little provision for editing and no location footage; as was standard practice at the time, videotapes of early episodes of The Avengers were reused. At present, only three complete Season 1 episodes are known to exist and are held in archives as 16 mm film telerecordings: "Girl on the Trapeze", "The Frighteners" and "Tunnel of Fear". Additionally, the first 15 minutes of the first episode, "Hot Snow" exist as a telerecording.
The missing television episodes are being re-created for audio by Big Finish Productions under the title of The Avengers - The Lost Episodes and star Julian Wadham as Steed, Anthony Howell as Dr. Keel and Lucy Briggs-Owen as Carol Wilson. Production of the first series was cut short by a strike. By the time production could begin on the second series, Hendry had quit to pursue a film career. Macnee was promoted to star and Steed became the focus of the series working with a rotation of three different partners. Dr Martin King, a thinly disguised rewriting of Keel, saw action in only three episodes produced from scripts written for the first series. King was intended to be a transitional character between Keel and Steed's two new female partners, but while the Dr. King episodes were shot first, they were shown out of production order in the middle of the season; the character was thereafter and dropped. Nightclub singer Venus Smith appeared in six episodes, she was a complete "amateur", meaning that she did not have any professional crime-fighting skills as did the two doctors.
She was excited to be participating in a "spy" adventure alongside secret agent Steed. Nonetheless, she appears to be attracted to him and their relationship is somewhat similar to that portrayed between Steed and Tara King, her episodes featured musical interludes showcasing her singing performances. The character of Venus underwent some revision during her run, adopting more youthful demeanor and dress; the first episode broadcast in the second series had introduced the partner who would change the show into the format for which it is most remembered. Honor Blackman played Dr Cathy Gale, a self-assured, quick-witted anthropologist, skilled in judo and had a passion for leather clothes. Widowed during the Mau Mau years in Kenya, she was the "talented amateur" who saw her aid to Steed's cases as a service to her nation, she was said to have bee
Alfie (1966 film)
Alfie is a 1966 British romantic comedy-drama film directed by Lewis Gilbert and starring Michael Caine. It is an adaptation by Bill Naughton of his own play of the same name; the film was released by Paramount Pictures. Alfie tells the story of a young womanising man who leads a self-centred life, purely for his own enjoyment, until events force him to question his uncaring behaviour, his loneliness and his priorities, he cheats on numerous women, despite his confidence towards women, he treats them with disrespect and refers to them as "it", using them for sex and for domestic purposes. Alfie breaks the fourth wall by speaking directly to the camera narrating and justifying his actions, his words contrast with or contradict his actions. This was the first film to receive the "suggested for mature audiences" classification by the Motion Picture Association of America in the US, which evolved into the modern PG rating; the film had its World Premiere at the Plaza Theatre in the West End of London on 24 March 1966.
Handsome Cockney chauffeur Alfie Elkins enjoys the favours of women, while avoiding any commitment. He ends an affair with a married woman, just as he gets his submissive single girlfriend, pregnant. Although Alfie refuses to marry Gilda and cheats on her Gilda decides to have the child, a boy named Malcolm, keep him rather than give him up for adoption. Over time, Alfie becomes attached to his son, but his unwillingness to commit to Gilda causes her to break up with him and instead marry Humphrey, a kindly bus conductor who loves her and is willing to accept Malcolm as his own son, she bars Alfie from any further contact with Malcolm, forcing Alfie to watch from a distance as Humphrey steps into his fatherly role. When a health check reveals Alfie has tubercular shadows on his lungs, the diagnosis, combined with his separation from his son, leads him to have a brief mental breakdown. Alfie spends time in a convalescent home, where he befriends a fellow patient named Harry, a family man devoted to his frumpy wife Lily.
When Alfie flippantly suggests that Lily might be cheating on Harry, Harry confronts Alfie about his attitudes and behaviour. Alfie is released from the home and meets Ruby, an older, voluptuous and promiscuous American, while freelancing taking holiday photos of tourists near the Tower of London. Alfie returns to the convalescent home to visit Harry. Neither Alfie nor Lily want to spend time together, but they agree to please Harry, the ride home turns into a one-night stand. Alfie picks up a young hitchhiker, Annie from Sheffield, looking to make a fresh start in London and moves in with him, she proves preoccupied with a love left behind, scrubbing Alfie's floor, doing his laundry, preparing his meals to compensate. He grows resentful of the relationship and drives her out with an angry outburst regretting it. Around the same time, Lily informs him that she is pregnant from their one encounter, the two plan for her to have an illegal abortion to keep Harry from finding out; the abortion proves traumatic for both Lily and Alfie, with Alfie breaking down upon seeing the aborted fetus, in a powerfully moving moment, the only time the dire consequences of his own actions came home to Alfie, though shortly after through the fourth wall he tried to make light of it.
The stress of the situations with Annie and Lily makes Alfie decide to change his non-committal ways and settle down with the rich Ruby. However, upon visiting Ruby, he finds a younger man in her bed, he encounters Siddie again. Alfie is left lonely and wondering about his life's choices asks the viewers "What's it all about? You know what I mean." The film concludes as Alfie comes across an old, stray dog that he encounters at the beginning of the movie and they walk the empty street together. Michael Caine as Alfie Elkins Shelley Winters as Ruby Millicent Martin as Siddie Vivien Merchant as Lily Clamacraft Jane Asher as Annie Julia Foster as Gilda Shirley Anne Field as Carla Eleanor Bron as the Doctor Denholm Elliott as the Abortionist Alfie Bass as Harry Clamacraft Graham Stark as Humphrey Murray Melvin as Nat Sydney Tafler as Frank Queenie Watts as the Blonde Pub Singer The film is unusual in that it has no opening credits and the end credits feature photos of the principal actors, as well as of the main technical crew, including director Gilbert and cameraman Otto Heller.
It was shot at Twickenham Studios with scenes shot at several locations in London. Several well-known actors, including Richard Harris, Laurence Harvey, James Booth and Anthony Newley turned down the title role due to the then-taboo subject matter. Despite having played "Alfie" on Broadway, Terence Stamp categorically declined to reprise the role on film, so he and casting agents approached his good friend and roommate Michael Caine: not one to snub a role about a common man, Caine agreed to do it, he continued to land better parts. The original film soundtrack featured jazz saxophonist Sonny Rollins with local musicians from London including Stan Tracey on piano, who improvised "Little Malcolm Loves His Dad", Rick Laird on bass, Phil Seamen on drums, Ronnie Scott on tenor sax; the released soundtrack album, recorded in t
Kenneth Charles Loach is an English director of television and independent film. His critical directing style and socialist ideals are evident in his film treatment of social issues such as poverty and labour rights. Loach's film Kes was voted the seventh greatest British film of the 20th century in a poll by the British Film Institute. Two of his films, The Wind That Shakes the Barley and I, Daniel Blake received the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival, making him the ninth filmmaker to win the award twice. Loach, a social campaigner for most of his career, believes the current criteria for claiming benefits in the UK are "a Kafka-esque, Catch-22 situation designed to frustrate and humiliate the claimant to such an extent that they drop out of the system and stop pursuing their right to ask for support if necessary". Loach was born in Nuneaton, the son of Vivien and John Loach, he went on to read law at St Peter's College, Oxford. He graduated with a law degree in 1957. After Oxford he spent two years in the Royal Air Force and began a career in the dramatic arts, working first as an actor in regional theatre companies and as a director for BBC Television.
Loach's ten contributions to the BBC's Wednesday Play anthology series include the docudramas Up the Junction, Cathy Come Home and In Two Minds. They portray working-class people in conflict with the authorities above them. Three of his early plays are believed to be lost, his 1965 play Three Clear Sundays dealt with capital punishment, was broadcast at a time when the debate was at a height in the United Kingdom. Up the Junction, adapted by Nell Dunn from her book with the assistance of Loach, deals with an illegal abortion while the leading characters in Cathy Come Home, by Jeremy Sandford, are affected by homelessness and the workings of Social Services. In Two Minds, written by David Mercer, concerns a young schizophrenic woman's experiences of the mental health system. Tony Garnett began to work as his producer in this period, a professional connection which would last until the end of the 1970s. During this period, he directed the absurdist comedy The End of Arthur's Marriage, about which he said that he was "the wrong man for the job".
Coinciding with his work for The Wednesday Play, Loach began to direct feature films for the cinema, with Poor Cow and Kes. The latter recounts the story of a troubled boy and his kestrel, is based on the novel A Kestrel for a Knave by Barry Hines; the film was well received, although the use of Yorkshire dialect throughout the film restricted its distribution, with some American executives at United Artists saying that they would have found a film in Hungarian easier to understand. The British Film Institute named it No 7 in its list of best British films of the twentieth century, published in 1999. During the 1970s and 1980s, Loach's films were less successful suffering from poor distribution, lack of interest and political censorship, his documentary The Save the Children Fund Film was commissioned by the charity, who subsequently disliked it so much they attempted to have the negative destroyed. It was only screened publicly for the first time on 1 September 2011, at the BFI Southbank. Loach concentrated on television documentaries rather than fiction during the 1980s, many of these films are now difficult to access as the television companies have not released them on video or DVD.
At the end of the 1980s, he directed some television advertisements for Tennent's Lager to earn money. Days of Hope is a four part drama for the BBC directed by Loach from, scripts by dramatist Jim Allen; the first episode of the series caused considerable controversy in the British media owing to its critical depiction of the military in World War I, over a scene where conscientious objectors were tied up to stakes outside trenches in view of enemy fire after refusing to obey orders. An ex-serviceman subsequently contacted The Times newspaper with an illustration from the time of a similar scene. Loach's documentary A Question of Leadership interviewed members of the Iron and Steel Trades Confederation with regards to their 14-week strike in 1980, recorded much criticism of the union's leadership for conceding over the issues in the strike. Subsequently, Loach made a four-part series named Questions of Leadership which subjected the leadership of other trade unions to similar scrutiny from their members, but this has never been broadcast.
Frank Chapple, leader of the Electrical, Telecommunications and Plumbing Union, walked out of the interview and made a complaint to the Independent Broadcasting Authority. A separate complaint was made by Terry Duffy of the Amalgamated Electrical Union; the series was due to be broadcast during the Trade Union Congress conference in 1983, but Channel 4 decided against broadcasting the series following the complaints. Anthony Hayward claimed in 2004 that the media tycoon Robert Maxwell had put pressure on Central's board, of which he had become a director, to withdraw Questions of Leadership at the time he was buying the Daily Mirror newspaper and needed the co-operation of union leaders Chapple. Which Side Are You On?, about the songs and poems of the UK miners' strike, was due to be broadcast on The South Bank Show, but was rejected on the grounds that it was too politically unbalanced for an arts show. The film was transmitted on Channel 4, but only after it won a prize at an Italian film festival.
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Eric Sykes was an English radio, stage and film writer, comedian and director whose performing career spanned more than 50 years. He wrote for and performed with many other leading comedy performers and writers of the period, including Tony Hancock, Spike Milligan, Tommy Cooper, Peter Sellers, John Antrobus, Johnny Speight. Sykes first came to prominence through his many radio credits as a writer and actor in the 1950s, most notably through his collaboration on The Goon Show scripts, he became a TV star in his own right in the early 1960s when he appeared with Hattie Jacques in several popular BBC comedy television series. Sykes was born on 4 May 1923 in Lancashire, he was the second child of his parents' marriage. Sykes's father was a labourer in a former army sergeant; when Sykes was two, his father remarried and he gained a half-brother named John. Sykes was educated at Ward Street Central School in Oldham, he joined the Royal Air Force during the Second World War, qualifying as a wireless operator with the rank of leading aircraftman.
Sykes's entertainment career began during the Second World War while serving in a Special Liaison Unit, when he met and worked with Flight Lieutenant Bill Fraser. Sykes collaborated with fellow RAF servicemen Denis Norden and Ron Rich in the production of troop entertainment shows. Whilst preparing for one of these shows in 1945, accompanied by Norden and Rich, went to a nearby prison camp in search of stage lighting. Sykes and Rich organised a food collection amongst their comrades to feed the starving camp inmates; when the war ended Sykes decided to try his luck in London, arriving in the middle of the coldest winter in living memory. He rented lodgings, expecting to find work but by the end of the first week he was cold and penniless; the turning point in his life and career came on the Friday night of his first week in London: he had a chance meeting in the street with Bill Fraser, by now featuring in a comedy at the Playhouse Theatre. Fraser took the impoverished Sykes to the theatre, offered him food and drink, asked if Sykes would like to write for him.
Sykes began providing scripts for both Fraser and Frankie Howerd and soon found himself in demand as a comedy writer. Forming a partnership with Sid Colin, he worked on the BBC radio ventriloquism show Educating Archie, which began in 1950, Variety Bandbox. Working on Educating Archie led to him meeting Hattie Jacques for the first time. Sykes had begun to write for television as early as 1948, but from the early 1950s Sykes began to make an successful transition from radio to TV, writing a number of series episodes and one-off shows for the BBC, his credits in this period include The Howerd Crowd, Frankie Howerd's Korean Party, Nuts in May, The Frankie Howerd Show, as well as The Big Man starring Fred Emney and Edwin Styles. Sykes made his first screen appearance at this time in the army film comedy Orders Are Orders, which featured Sid James, Tony Hancock, Peter Sellers, Bill Fraser, Donald Pleasence. Sykes's small office above a grocer's shop at 130 Uxbridge Road, Shepherd's Bush, was shared from around 1953 by Spike Milligan..
Late in 1954, Sykes began collaborating with Spike Milligan on scripts for The Goon Show, easing Milligan's workload. Their first collaborative script was for a Goon Show special called Archie in Goonland, a crossover between The Goon Show and Educating Archie; the special was broadcast in June 1954 and featured the regular Goon Show cast plus Peter Brough, his dummy Archie Andrews and Hattie Jacques. It was not a success and neither recording nor the script has survived. Sykes and Milligan are credited as the co-writers of all but the first six of the 26 episodes in Series 5 and three episodes of Series 6. In 1955, Sykes wrote and performed in a BBC Christmas spectacular, a spoof pantomime called Pantomania, which featured many well-known BBC personalities of the era; that same year Sykes signed a contract as scriptwriter and variety show presenter for the newly formed independent television company ATV, while continuing to write and perform for the BBC. In 1956, Sykes performed, wrote scripts, acted as script editor for the pioneering Rediffusion TV comedy The Idiot Weekly, Price 2d, the first attempt to translate the humour of the Goons to television.
It starred Peter Sellers, with Sykes, Kenneth Connor, Valentine Dyall. During this year he made his second film appearance, playing a minor role in the Max Bygraves film Charley Moon, which featured Bill Fraser, Peter Jones, Dennis Price, Jane Asher. During 1956–57, Sykes wrote for and performed in The Tony Hancock Show, where he again worked with Hattie Jacques, his next venture for the BBC was a one-hour special, Sykes Directs a Dress Rehearsal, playing a harassed director in a fictional TV studio rehearsal room, just before going live to air. That year he wrote and appeared in another all-star spectacular called Opening Night