An electric guitar is a guitar that uses one or more pickups to convert the vibration of its strings into electrical signals. The vibration occurs when a guitar player strums, fingerpicks, slaps or taps the strings; the pickup uses electromagnetic induction to create this signal, which being weak is fed into a guitar amplifier before being sent to the speaker, which converts it into audible sound. The electric signal can be electronically altered to change the timbre of the sound; the signal is modified using effects such as reverb, distortion and "overdrive". Invented in 1931, the electric guitar was adopted by jazz guitar players, who wanted to play single-note guitar solos in large big band ensembles. Early proponents of the electric guitar on record include Les Paul, Lonnie Johnson, Sister Rosetta Tharpe, T-Bone Walker, Charlie Christian. During the 1950s and 1960s, the electric guitar became the most important instrument in popular music, it has evolved into an instrument, capable of a multitude of sounds and styles in genres ranging from pop and rock to country music and jazz.
It served as a major component in the development of electric blues and roll, rock music, heavy metal music and many other genres of music. Electric guitar design and construction varies in the shape of the body and the configuration of the neck and pickups. Guitars may have a fixed bridge or a spring-loaded hinged bridge, which lets players "bend" the pitch of notes or chords up or down, or perform vibrato effects; the sound of an electric guitar can be modified by new playing techniques such as string bending and hammering-on, using audio feedback, or slide guitar playing. There are several types of electric guitar, including: the solid-body guitar. In pop and rock music, the electric guitar is used in two roles: as a rhythm guitar, which plays the chord sequences or progressions, riffs, sets the beat. In a small group, such as a power trio, one guitarist switches between both roles. In large rock and metal bands, there is a rhythm guitarist and a lead guitarist. Many experiments at electrically amplifying the vibrations of a string instrument were made dating back to the early part of the 20th century.
Patents from the 1910s show telephone transmitters were adapted and placed inside violins and banjos to amplify the sound. Hobbyists in the 1920s used carbon button microphones attached to the bridge. With numerous people experimenting with electrical instruments in the 1920s and early 1930s, there are many claimants to have been the first to invent an electric guitar. Electric guitars were designed by acoustic guitar makers and instrument manufacturers; the demand for amplified guitars began during the big band era. The first electric guitars used in jazz were hollow archtop acoustic guitar bodies with electromagnetic transducers. Early electric guitar manufacturers include Rickenbacker in 1932; the first electrically amplified stringed instrument to be marketed commercially was designed in 1931 by George Beauchamp, the general manager of the National Guitar Corporation, with Paul Barth, vice president. The maple body prototype for the one-piece cast aluminium "frying pan" was built by Harry Watson, factory superintendent of the National Guitar Corporation.
Commercial production began in late summer of 1932 by the Ro-Pat-In Corporation, in Los Angeles, a partnership of Beauchamp, Adolph Rickenbacker, Paul Barth. In 1934, the company was renamed the Rickenbacker Electro Stringed Instrument Company. In that year Beauchamp applied for a United States patent for an Electrical Stringed Musical Instrument and the patent was issued in 1937. By early-mid 1935, Electro String Instrument Corporation had achieved mainstream success with the A-22 "Frying Pan" steel guitar, set out to capture a new audience through its release of the Electro-Spanish Model B and the Electro-Spanish Ken Roberts, the first full 25" scale electric guitar produced; the Electro-Spanish Ken Roberts was revolutionary for its time, providing players a full 25" scale, with easy access to 17 frets free of the body. Unlike other lap-steel electrified instruments produced during the time, the Electro-Spanish Ken Roberts was designed to play standing vertical, upright with a strap; the Electro-Spanish Ken Roberts was the first instrument to feature a hand-operated vibrato as a standard appointment, a device called the "Vibrola," invented by Doc Kauffman.
It is estimated that fewer than 50 Electro-Spanish Ken Roberts were constructed between 1933 and 1937. The solid-body electric guitar is made without functionally resonating air spaces; the first solid-body Spanish standard guitar was offered by Vivi-Tone no than 1934. This model featured a guitar-shaped body of a single sheet
Slipstream is a video by Jethro Tull, recorded during the 1980 A tour, released for the first time in 1981. It was released on VHS, Capacitance Electronic Disc, laserdisc, was released as a DVD in Brazil in 2003, it is included in the bonus DVD edition of A. This bonus-disc DVD is the only official release on DVD. Slipstream mixed the concert tour with the videos directed by David Mallett; the London's Hammersmith Odeon was used for exterior scenes, but the main concert footage was from an American performance in Los Angeles, at the Los Angeles Sports Arena, filmed in November 1980. The music videos are: "Dun Ringill"A video inspired by the Stormwatch album cover, filmed at a beach near Beachy Head."Sweet Dream"In this a vampire-themed homage to horror movies, Aqualung is pursued by a vampire and — like the prisoner — giant pink balloons. Meanwhile, a ballerina pirouettes, a giant tarantula emits death rays, an evil projectionist starts his movie. Luckily, a Nun supplies the right equipment to defeat the vampire."Too Old To Rock'n' Roll"The elderly band is in a giant pinball machine, drinking their tea like the Alice in Wonderland tea party.
Features Hot Gossip dancer Perri Lister."Fylingdale Flyer"The band is in an air traffic control tower, when they see some impending disaster. The cover of A is taken from this video. RAF Fylingdales is the site of a Ballistic Missile Early Warning System radar situated in the North York Moors National Park, which explains the lyric to the song. All tracks written by Ian Anderson with additional music material from Eddie Jobson. Jethro TullIan Anderson - flute, vocals Martin Barre - electric guitar Mark Craney - drums Dave Pegg - bass Eddie Jobson - keyboards, electric violin A Slipstream at AllMusic Slipstream at Allmovie A at AllMusic A at Progressive World 1980 A Concert Tour
The saxophone is a family of woodwind instruments. Saxophones are made of brass and played with a single-reed mouthpiece similar to that of the clarinet. Although most saxophones are made from brass, they are categorized as woodwind instruments, because sound is produced by an oscillating reed, traditionally made out of woody cane, rather than lips vibrating in a mouthpiece cup as with the brass instrument family; as with the other woodwinds, the pitch of the note being played is controlled by covering holes in the body tube to control the resonant frequency of the air column by changing the effective length of the tube. The saxophone is used in classical music, military bands, marching bands and contemporary music; the saxophone is used as a solo and melody instrument or as a member of a horn section in some styles of rock and roll and popular music. Saxophone players are called saxophonists. Since the first saxophone was invented by the Belgian instrument maker Adolphe Sax in the early 1840s, saxophones have been produced in a variety of series distinguished by transpositions within instrument sets and tuning standard.
Sax patented the saxophone on June 1846, in two groups of seven instruments each. Each series consisted in alternating transposition; the series pitched in B♭ and E♭ soon became dominant and most saxophones encountered today are from this series. Instruments from the series pitched in C and F never gained a foothold and constituted only a small percentage of instruments made by Sax. High Pitch saxophones tuned sharper than the A = 440 Hz standard were produced into the early twentieth century for sonic qualities suited for outdoor uses, but are not playable to modern tuning and are considered obsolete. Low Pitch saxophones are equivalent in tuning to modern instruments. C soprano and C melody saxophones were produced for the casual market as parlor instruments during the early twentieth century. Saxophones in F never gained acceptance; the modern saxophone family consists of instruments in the B♭ - E♭ series and experimental instruments notwithstanding. The saxophones with widest use and availability are the sopranos, altos and baritones.
In the keyed ranges of the various saxophones, the pitch is controlled by keys with shallow cups in which are fastened leather pads that seal toneholes, controlling the resonant length, thereby frequency, of the air column within the body tube. Small holes called vents, located between the toneholes and the mouthpiece, are opened by an octave key to raise the pitch by eliminating the fundamental frequency, leaving the first harmonic as the frequency defining the pitch. Most modern saxophones are keyed to produce a low B♭ with all keys closed; the highest keyed note has traditionally been F two and a half octaves above low B♭, while the keyed range is extended to F♯ on most recent performance-class instruments. A high G key is most common on modern soprano saxophones. Notes above F are considered part of the altissimo register of any saxophone, can be produced using advanced embouchure techniques and fingering combinations. Keywork facilitating altissimo playing is a feature of modern saxophones.
Modern saxophone players have extended the range to over four octaves on alto. Music for most saxophones is notated using treble clef; because all saxophones use the same key arrangement and fingering to produce a given notated pitch, it is not difficult for a competent player to switch among the various sizes when the music has been suitably transposed, many do so. Since the baritone and alto are pitched in E♭, players can read concert pitch music notated in the bass clef by reading it as if it were treble clef and adding three sharps to the key signature; this process, referred to as clef substitution, makes it possible for the Eb instruments to play from parts written for baritone horn, euphonium, string bass, trombone, or tuba. This can be useful if a orchestra lacks one of those instruments; the straight soprano and sopranino saxophones consist of a straight conical tube with a flared bell at the end opposite the mouthpiece. The interior of the tube is called the bore. Alto and larger saxophones include a detachable curved neck above the highest tone hole, directing the mouthpiece to the player's mouth and, with rare exceptions, a U-shaped bow that directs the bell upward and a curve in the throat of the bell directing it forward.
The set of curves near the bell has become a distinctive feature of the saxophone family, to the extent that soprano and sopranino saxes are sometimes made in the curved style. The baritone and contrabass saxophones accommodate the length of the bore with extra bows and right-angle bends between the main body and the mouthpiece; the left hand operates keys from the upper part of the body tube while the right hand operates keys from the lower part. The right thumb sits under a thumb hook and left thumb is placed on a thumb rest to stabilize and balance the saxophone, while the weight of most saxophones is supported by a neckstrap attached to a strap ring on the rear of the body of the instrument; the left thumb operates the octave key. With soprano and smaller saxophones weight tends to be borne by the right thumb while a neckstrap provides security for the instrument. Keys consist of the cups, and
Minstrel in the Gallery
Minstrel in the Gallery is the eighth studio album by British band Jethro Tull, recorded in April and released in September 1975. The album goes in a different direction from their previous work War Child, with the orchestration being replaced by a string quartet conducted by David Palmer; the band returned to the blend of electric and acoustic pieces, in a manner closer to their early'70s albums such as Benefit and Thick as a Brick, for the first time since their two concept albums of Thick as a Brick and A Passion Play, they recorded a song of more than ten minutes, which occupies all of the second side of the record. It would be the last album to feature bassist Jeffrey Hammond, replaced by former Carmen bass player John Glascock; the band recorded the album in Monaco. They recorded "Minstrel in the Gallery", "Cold Wind to Valhalla", "Black Satin Dancer" and "One White Duck/010= Nothing at All" on 15 May 1975, "Baker St. Muse" and "Grace" on 18 May, "Requiem" on 7 June 1975. Ian Anderson thought that the band was unfocused in the making of the music, leaving him with more freedom to explore the melodies and themes.
Minstrel in the Gallery's lyrics and subject matter do show an introspective and cynical air the byproduct of Anderson's recent divorce from first wife Jennie Franks and the pressures of touring, coupled with the frustrations of writing for and recording the album in Monaco. The album's title refers to the use of a minstrel's gallery in the great hall of castles or manor houses; this analogy was used thematically in the opening spoken words of the title track, "Cold Wind to Valhalla" and "Baker St. Muse" and in the songs lyrics, always in a first person manner. Stylistically the album is varied, exemplary of Jethro Tull's best hard rock performances, with long instrumental passages, invested with elements of British folk and archaic, pre-Elizabethan sounds. Team Rock called Minstrel in the Gallery's musical style a "heavy metal take on the obsessively ornamented style of A Passion Play". Minstrel in the Gallery was remastered with five additional bonus tracks in November 2002, including incomplete live-in-the-studio renditions of "Minstrel in the Gallery" and "Cold Wind to Valhalla", some tracks that appeared only on maxi-singles and "Summerday Sands", the B-side of the "Minstrel in the Gallery" single.
In 2015, commemorating the 40th anniversary of Minstrel in the Gallery, it was released as a box set with two CDs and two DVDs, named La Grande Edition. The box contains rare and unreleased tracks including new stereo mixes by Steven Wilson and a live presentation, from 1975 in Palais des Sports, remixed by Jakko Jakszyk. An 80-page booklet featuring track-by-track annotations by Ian Anderson, a history of the group and recollections of life on tour by road crew member Kenny Wylie, maintenance engineer Pete Smith and string section musician Liz Edwards. Heavyweight vinyl and standard CD editions of the album were announced. Rolling Stone's contemporary review has a negative approach towards Minstrel in the Gallery, stating that "The fact that Ian Anderson and the lads have once again plundered the British secular music tradition signifies little and delivers less." The review recalls the music in terms as "a wash of lugubrious string passages", the "anachronisms of Jeffrey Hammond-Hammond's mechanical bass lines" and "Martin Barre's hysterical electric guitar montages".
The lyrics are considered "contrary to the LP's basic concept forgettable". AllMusic has a favourable review, stating that the album is the "most artistically successful and elaborately produced album since Thick as a Brick". Analysing the music, it said: "Martin Barre's attack on the guitar is as ferocious as anything in the band's history, John Evan's organ matches him amp for amp, while Barriemore Barlow and Jeffrey Hammond-Hammond hold things together in a furious performance. Anderson's flair for drama and melody come to the fore in "Cold Wind to Valhalla," and "Requiem" is the loveliest acoustic number in Tull's repertory, featuring nothing but Anderson's singing and acoustic guitar, Hammond-Hammond's bass, a small string orchestra backing them". Minstrel in the Gallery received Gold Certification in both the United States and the UK and is the ninth best selling Jethro Tull album; the album peaked at No. 7 on the Billboard album chart, at No. 20 in the UK Albums Chart – Songs from the Wood would sell better two years in the UK.
It charted in Norway, reaching No. 13, Austria, where it reached No. 7, in Sweden where it reached the No. 50 spot. It fared quite well in Denmark, peaking at No. 8. All tracks written except as noted. Arrangements for string quintet were written by David Palmer. All credits derived from the original record pressing. All five bonus tracks appeared on the 20 Years of Jethro Tull box-set. Credits are adapted from Minstrel in the Gallery liner notes. Jethro TullIan Anderson – vocals, acoustic guitar Martin Barre – electric guitar John Evan – piano, organ Jeffrey Hammond – bass guitar, string bass Barriemore Barlow – drums, percussionAdditional personnelDavid Palmer – string quintet arrangements and conducting Rita Eddowes, Elizabeth Edwards, Patrick Halling and Bridget Procter – violin Katharine Tullborn – cello Brian Ward – photographs Ron Kriss and J. E. Garnett – front cover, based on a print by Joseph Nash Robin Black – sound engineering Jethro Tull - Minstrel in the Gallery album review by Bruce Eder, credits & releases at AllMusic.com at AllMusic Jethro Tull – Minstrel in the
The harmonica known as a French harp or mouth organ, is a free reed wind instrument used worldwide in many musical genres, notably in blues, American folk music, classical music, country, rock. There are many types of harmonica, including diatonic, tremolo, octave and bass versions. A harmonica is played by using the mouth to direct air into or out of one or more holes along a mouthpiece. Behind each hole is a chamber containing at least one reed. A harmonica reed is a flat elongated spring made of brass, stainless steel, or bronze, secured at one end over a slot that serves as an airway; when the free end is made to vibrate by the player's air, it alternately blocks and unblocks the airway to produce sound. Reeds are pre-tuned to individual pitches. Tuning may involve changing a reed’s length, the weight near its free end, or the stiffness near its fixed end. Longer and springier reeds produce deeper, lower sounds. If, as on most modern harmonicas, a reed is affixed above or below its slot rather than in the plane of the slot, it responds more to air flowing in the direction that would push it into the slot, i.e. as a closing reed.
This difference in response to air direction makes it possible to include both a blow reed and a draw reed in the same air chamber and to play them separately without relying on flaps of plastic or leather to block the nonplaying reed. An important technique in performance is bending: causing a drop in pitch by making embouchure adjustments, it is possible to bend isolated reeds, as on chromatic and other harmonica models with wind-savers, but to both lower, raise the pitch produced by pairs of reeds in the same chamber, as on a diatonic or other unvalved harmonica. Such two-reed pitch changes involve sound production by the silent reed, the opening reed; the basic parts of the harmonica are reed plates and cover plates. The comb is the main body of the instrument, when assembled with the reedplates, forms air chambers for the reeds; the term comb may originate from the similarity between this part of a hair comb. Harmonica combs were traditionally made from wood but now are made from plastic or metal.
Some modern and experimental comb designs are complex in the way. There is dispute among players about; those saying no argue that, unlike the soundboard of a piano or the top piece of a violin or guitar, a harmonica's comb is neither large enough nor able to vibrate enough to augment or change the sound. Among those saying yes are those who are convinced by their ears. Few dispute, that comb surface smoothness and air-tightness when mated with the reedplates can affect tone and playability; the main advantage of a particular comb material over another one is its durability. In particular, a wooden comb can absorb moisture from the player's breath and contact with the tongue; this can cause the comb to expand making the instrument uncomfortable to play, to contract compromising air tightness. Various types of wood and treatments have been devised to reduce the degree of this problem. An more serious problem with wood combs in chromatic harmonicas, is that, as the combs expand and shrink over time, cracks can form in the combs, because the comb is held immobile by nails, resulting in disabling leakage.
Much effort is devoted by serious players to sealing leaks. Some players used to soak wooden-combed harmonicas in water to cause a slight expansion, which they intended to make the seal between the comb, reed plates and covers more airtight. Modern wooden-combed harmonicas are less prone to swelling and contracting. Players still dip harmonicas in water for the way it affects ease of bending notes; the reed plate is a grouping of several reeds in a single housing. The reeds are made of brass, but steel and plastic are used. Individual reeds are riveted to the reed plate, but they may be welded or screwed in place. Reeds fixed on the inner side of the reed plate respond to blowing, while those fixed on the outer side respond to suction. Most harmonicas are constructed with the reed plates bolted to the comb or each other. A few brands still use the traditional method of nailing the reed plates to the comb; some experimental and rare harmonicas have had the reed plates held in place by tension, such as the WWII era all-American models.
If the plates are bolted to the comb, the reed plates can be replaced individually. This is useful because the reeds go out of tune through normal use, certain notes of the scale can fail more than others. A notable exception to the traditional reed plate design is the all-plastic harmonicas designed by Finn Magnus in the 1950s, in which the reed and reed plate were molded out of a single piece of plastic; the Magnus design had the reeds, reed plates and comb made of plastic and either molded or permanently glued together. Cover plates cover the reed plates and are made of metal, though wood and plastic have been used; the choice of these is personal. There are two types of cover plates: traditional open designs of stamped metal or plastic, which are there to be held
Ian Scott Anderson is a Scottish musician, singer and multi-instrumentalist best known for his work as the lead vocalist and acoustic guitarist of British rock band Jethro Tull. Anderson plays several other musical instruments, including keyboards, bass guitar, balalaika, harmonica, a variety of whistles, his solo work began with the 1983 album Walk into Light, since he has released another five works, including the sequel to the Jethro Tull album Thick as a Brick in 2012, entitled Thick as a Brick 2. Ian Anderson was born in Dunfermline, Scotland, the youngest of three brothers, his father, James Anderson, ran the RSA Boiler Fluid Company in Dunfermline. Anderson spent the first part of his childhood in Edinburgh, he was influenced by his father's big band and jazz records and the emergence of rock music, but was disenchanted with the "show biz" style of early American rock and roll stars like Elvis Presley. His family moved to Blackpool, England, in 1959, where he was educated at Blackpool Grammar School.
In a 2011 interview, Anderson said he was asked to leave grammar school for refusing to submit to corporal punishment. He studied fine art at Blackpool College of Art from 1964 to 1966 while living in Lytham St Annes. While a teenager, Anderson took a job as a sales assistant at Lewis's department store in Blackpool as a vendor on a news stand. In 1963, he formed The Blades from among school friends: Michael Stephens, John Evan, Jeffrey Hammond and Barriemore Barlow; this was a soul and blues band, with Anderson on vocals and harmonica – he had yet to take up the flute. They played their first show at the Holy Family Church Hall in North Shore. In late 1967, Anderson was still holding down a day job, namely cleaning the Ritz Cinema in Luton, including the toilets, in the mornings, "which took me half the day" he said in a interview, he took an old, chipped urinal from the cinema storeroom and had it for a time after leaving the job. It was not, the urinal which "was bolted to the side of John Evan's Hammond organ on stage" and figured in early 1970s Tull performances.
At this time Anderson abandoned his ambition to play electric guitar because he felt he would never be "as good as Eric Clapton". As he himself tells it in the introduction to the video Nothing Is Easy: Live at the Isle of Wight 1970, he traded his electric guitar in for a flute which, after some weeks of practice, he found he could play well in a rock and blues style. According to the sleeve notes for the first Tull album, This Was, he had been playing the flute only a few months when the album was recorded, his guitar practice did not go to waste either, as he continued to play acoustic guitar, using it as a melodic and rhythmic instrument. As his career progressed, he added soprano saxophone, mandolin and other instruments to his arsenal, his tendency to stand on one leg while playing the flute came about by accident, as he had been inclined to stand on one leg while playing the harmonica, holding the microphone stand for balance. Anderson was known for his famous one-legged flute stance, was once referred to as a "deranged flamingo".
This stance is on many album covers of Jethro Tull. During a long stint at the Marquee Club, a journalist described him, wrongly, as standing on one leg to play the flute, when in fact he was playing the harmonica on one leg, he decided to live up to the reputation, albeit with some difficulty. His early attempts are visible in The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus film appearance of Jethro Tull; this was referenced in the facetious liner notes for Thick as a Brick in a quote about "the one-legged pop flautist, Ian Anderson". Anderson wished to start a solo career in 1980, when Jethro Tull was going to take a break after John Glascock's death, he wrote the album A as a solo record, but Martin Barre and Dave Pegg's participation led the album to be released under the Jethro Tull name, causing the old band to split. His first official solo album was Walk into Light, in 1983, in which Peter-John Vettese played an important role in the electronic direction of the music. In the 1990s he began working with simple bamboo flutes.
He uses techniques such as over-blowing and hole-shading to produce note-slurring and other expressive techniques on this otherwise simple instrument. Anderson said that around this time his daughter began taking flute lessons and noticed his fingering was incorrect, prompting him to relearn the instrument with the correct fingering. In 1995, Anderson released his second solo album, Divinities: Twelve Dances with God, an instrumental work composed of twelve flute-heavy pieces pursuing varied themes with an underlying motif; the album was recorded with orchestral musicians. Anderson released two further song-based solo albums, The Secret Language of Birds in 2000 and Rupi's Dance in 2003. In 2003, Anderson recorded a composition called "Griminelli's Lament", in honour of his friend, the Italian flautist Andrea Griminelli. In 2011, with the end of Jethro Tull touring, the question of his friend Derek Shulman, Anderson begun to produce a sequel to Thick as a Brick, entitled Thick as a Brick 2 or TAAB2, was released on 3 April 2012.
It is billed as being performed by Jethro Tull's Ian Anderson instead of being a Jethro Tull album proper. Anderson toured performing both albums in their entirety. A trailer for TAAB2 was posted on YouTube. Anderson released a new album, Homo Erraticus, in May 2014, he described it as a progressive rock concept album blending rock and metal music. Peaking at No. 14 in the UK Al
1976 in music
A list of notable events in music that took place in the year 1976. 1976 in British music 1976 in Norwegian music 1976 in country music 1976 in heavy metal music 1976 in jazz January 5 – Former Beatles road manager Mal Evans is shot dead by Los Angeles police after refusing to drop what police only determine is an air rifle. January 6 – Peter Frampton releases his live album Frampton Comes Alive! January 7 – Kenneth Moss, a former record company executive, is sentenced to 120 days in the Los Angeles County Jail and four years probation for involuntary manslaughter in the 1974 drug-induced death of Average White Band drummer Robbie McIntosh. January 13 – A trial begins for seven Brunswick Records and Dakar Records employees; the record company employees are charged with stealing more than $184,000 in royalties from artists. January 19 – Concert promoter Bill Sargent makes an offer of $30 million to the Beatles if they will reunite for a concert. February 15 – Bette Midler bails seven members of her entourage out of jail after they are arrested on charges of cocaine and marijuana possession.
February 19 – Former Tower of Power lead singer Rick Stevens is arrested and charged with the drug-related murders of three men in San Jose, California. February 20 – Kiss have their footprints added to the sidewalk outside Hollywood's Grauman's Chinese Theater. February 24 – Released one week before, Eagles' Their Greatest Hits compilation becomes the first album certified platinum by the RIAA; the new platinum certification represents sales of at least 1 million copies for albums and 2 million copies for singles. March 4 – ABBA arrive at Sydney airport for a promotional tour in Australia. March 6 – EMI Records reissues all 22 released British Beatles singles, plus a new single of the classic "Yesterday". All 23 singles hit the UK charts at the same time. March 7 – A wax likeness of Elton John is put on display in London's Madame Tussaud's Wax Museum. March 9 – The Who's Keith Moon collapses onstage ten minutes into a performance at the Boston Garden. March 15 – Members of The Plastic People of the Universe are arrested in communist Czechoslovakia.
They were sentenced from 8 to 18 months in jail. March 20 – Alice Cooper marries Sheryl Goddard in an Acapulco restaurant. March 25 – Jackson Browne's wife Phyllis commits suicide. March 26 – In Paris, Wings guitarist Jimmy McCulloch breaks one of his fingers when he slips in his hotel bathroom following the final performance on the band's European tour; the injury ended up delaying the band's United States tour by three weeks. April 3 – British pop group Brotherhood of Man win the 21st Eurovision Song Contest in The Hague, with the song "Save Your Kisses For Me", it goes on to be the biggest selling Eurovision winner ever. April 14 – Stevie Wonder announces that he has signed a "$13 million-plus" contract with Motown Records. April 23 – The Ramones release their eponymous debut studio album, Ramones. April 24 – Saturday Night Live producer Lorne Michaels makes a semi-serious on-air offer to pay the Beatles $3000 to reunite live on the show. In a 1980 interview, John Lennon stated that he and Paul McCartney happened to be watching the show together at Lennon's apartment in New York and considered walking down to the SNL studio "for a gag" but were "too tired".
On May 22, Michaels raises his offer from $3,000 to $3,200. April 28 – The Rolling Stones open their European tour in Frankfurt, Germany. April 29 – When his tour stops in Memphis, Bruce Springsteen jumps the wall at Elvis Presley's mansion, "Graceland", in an attempt to see his idol. Security guards escort him off the grounds. May 1 – The Alan Parsons Project release their debut studio album, Tales of Mystery and Imagination. May 3 Paul Wings start their Wings over America Tour in Fort Worth, Texas; this is the first time McCartney has performed in the US since The Beatles' last concert in 1966 at Candlestick Park. Paul Simon puts together a benefit show at Madison Square Garden to raise money for the New York Public Library. Phoebe Snow, Jimmy Cliff and the Brecker Brothers perform; the concert brings in over $30,000 for the Library. May 19 Rolling Stones guitarist Keith Richards is involved in a car accident northwest of London. Cocaine is found in his wrecked car. Richards is given a court date of January 12, 1977.
Rumour spread by German press: ABBA members killed in plane crash, only Anni-Frid survived. May 25 – Bob Dylan's Rolling Thunder Revue tour ends. June – Former Spring Canyon keyboardist Mark Cook joins Daniel Amos. June 6 – Keith Richards and Anita Pallenberg suffer tragedy when their 10-week-old son Tara dies of respiratory failure. June 10 – Alice Cooper collapses and is rushed to UCLA Hospital in Los Angeles, three weeks before the Goes To Hell tour would begin; the tour is cancelled. June 18 – ABBA perform "Dancing Queen" for the first time on Swedish television in Stockholm on the eve of the wedding of King Carl XVI Gustaf to Silvia Sommerlath. June 25 – Uriah Heep performs its last show with David Byron as lead singer in Bilbao, Spain. Byron is sacked shortly afterward. July 2 Composer Benjamin Britten accepts only a few months before his death. Brian Wilson performs on stage with The Beach Boys for the first time in three years at a Day on the Green concert in Oakland, California. July 4 – Many outdoor festivals and shows are held all over the United States as the country celebrates its bicentennial.
Elton John performs for 62,000 at Shaffer Stadium in Foxboro, while The Eagles and Fleetwood Mac play for 36,000 at Tampa Stadium, Lynyrd Skynyrd and ZZ Top draw 35,000 at Memphis Memorial Stadium and Elvis Presley performs for 11,974 at the Mabee Center in Tulsa, Oklahoma. July 7 – 50,000 fans brave the rain in New York to attend a free Jefferson Starsh