Top Gear is a British motoring magazine, factual television series, conceived by Jeremy Clarkson and Andy Wilman, launched on 20 October 2002, broadcast in the United Kingdom on BBC Two. The programme is a relaunched version of the original 1977 show of the same name, which looks at various motor vehicles cars. While the original format focused on review of cars, the 2002 version expanded on this with motoring-based challenges, special races, timed laps of notable cars, celebrity timed laps on a course specially-designed for the relaunched programme, with its format developing over time to focus on a more quirky and sometimes controversial style of presentation; the programme has received acclaim for its visual style and presentation, as well as criticism for its content. It has been announced that Top Gear will move to BBC One this year. Since 2002, the programme has been presented by several hosts. In its first series, the show's line-up was Clarkson, Richard Hammond and Jason Dawe, with Wilman as the show's executive producer, introducing anonymous test driver "The Stig", an individual played by numerous racing drivers over the course of the show's history.
Following the first series, Dawe was replaced by James May, with the line-up unchanged until the end of the twenty-second series, when the BBC chose to not renew Clarkson's contract on 25 March 2015, following an incident during filming. His dismissal from Top Gear prompted the departure of Hammond and Wilman from the programme, led to them joining Clarkson in forming a new motoring series. For the twenty-third series, the programme was presented by Chris Evans and American Matt LeBlanc, with them joined by four co-presenters who would make occasional appearances during its run: Rory Reid, Sabine Schmitz, Chris Harris and Eddie Jordan. After negative feedback on this series led to Evans resigning from the programme and Reid became the main hosts alongside LeBlanc, with Schmitz and Jordan making occasional appearances as co-presenters, from the twenty-fourth series onwards; the twenty-seventh series features Chris Harris with new presenters Andrew Flintoff and Paddy McGuinness as the main presenters.
Top Gear has been one of the BBC's most commercially successful programmes since its relaunch. It has become a significant show in British popular culture, with episodes broadcast internationally in many countries in Europe, North America, South-East Asia and more, making it the most broadcast factual television programme in the world, its success has led to various forms of merchandising, including live tours, special DVD editions, books, as well as spawning a variety of international versions in various countries, including the United States, South Korea and France. After the BBC cancelled the original format of Top Gear in December 2001, Jeremy Clarkson and producer Andy Wilman met together to work out ideas for reviving the programme for television; this led to them meeting the broadcaster to pitch the idea of changing it from a motoring magazine format to one, studio-based. Amongst the ideas that were pitched included: the involvement of a fixed location for car reviews and other films, alongside locations across Britain and abroad.
Following the pitch, the BBC decided to green-light the new format, in order to create a programme to compete with Channel 5's new motoring show Fifth Gear, from which several original Top Gear presenters including Tiff Needell, Vicki Butler-Henderson and producer Jon Bentley went to. Production began in mid-2002, with the broadcaster securing the right to use Dunsfold Aerodrome, an airport and business park in Waverley, Surrey, as the programme's fixed location – while its runways and taxiways were allocated for reviews and other films, one of the site's large aircraft hangars was transformed into Top Gear's new studio. To match the proposed ideas for the new format, the BBC gained assistance from Lotus to design a race circuit for use on the programme that would be situated at the fixed location, while editing of films that were recorded for each episode, focused on extending the runtime of the programme to one hour. Wilman took on the role of the show's executive producer, while Clarkson became part of the hosting line-up.
Because those who had worked with Clarkson on the original programme had left the BBC to work on Fifth Gear, the production team arranged for him to be joined by Richard Hammond and Jason Dawe. A difficulty found during production revolved around the show's test driver – neither Clarkson or Wilman could find a racing driver with experience at speaking on-camera. In discussions over this, the pair opted to make the driver silent, having their identity concealed; when they recruited Perry McCarthy amongst their possible candidates for the role, his input led to Wilman choosing to nickname the test driver as the Stig. To date, there have been 12 presenters of the show: The first series of the new format of Top Gear premiered on 20 October 2002. In its early state, the programme's segments were based on elements of the previous format, such as interviews and viewers' letters, but featured some new humorous elements, such as the presenters destroying a caravan during the early series. After the first series, Dawe was replaced by James May.
Having been a presenter on Channel 4's motoring programme Driven and the 1999 series of Top Gear
Tía Isa Wants a Car is a 2011 illustrated children's book by Cuban-American author Meg Medina. It was first published on 14 June 2011 through Candlewick Press and has won the 2012 Ezra Jack Keats New Writers Award; the book focuses on the title character of Isa, a young woman that wants to save money towards a new car while thinking of family in other countries that could use the money. The book follows the character of Tía Isa, a young immigrant woman that works in a bakery, is narrated through the viewpoint of her niece, to whom Tía Isa tells tales of her former home and her desire for their family members to join them. Tía Isa is saving her money towards purchasing a beautiful green car that she can use to drive herself and her niece to the beach, but this is difficult to do when she has to send much of her money home to help her family reach North America. Try as hard as she might, both goals seem like they will take an long amount of time to come to fruition and Tía Isa's niece begins to secretly raise funds by taking on several jobs throughout the neighborhood.
Critical reception for Tía Isa Wants a Car has been positive, the Chicago Tribune commented that the desired car "represents a dream achieved". A reviewer for the Daily Herald praised the book for showing how saving money can make a difference as well as focusing on the message of familial love. Ezra Jack Keats New Writers Award Notable Children's Book The Amelia Bloomer Book List Official website
Rosa'Duet' is a pink blend Hybrid tea rose cultivar, bred by hybridizer Herbert Swim in 1960 and introduced into the United States by Armstrong roses in 1960.'Duet' was named an All-America Rose Selections winner in 1961. The stock parents are Rosa'Fandango' and Rosa'Roundelay'.'Duet' is a medium-tall upright shrub, 4 to 6 ft in height with a 2 to 3 ft spread. Blooms are 4-5 in with 26 to 40 petals; the rose has a mild fragrance.'Duet's flowers are notable for their contrasting colors of pale pink on the upper surface with a hint of coral, a reverse of dark purple-pink. Blooms grow singly or in small clusters; the shrub blooms without interruption from spring through early winter. The leaves are medium-green and disease resistant.'Duet' grows best in USDA zone 7 and warmer. Baden Baden rose trials, Germany, 1959 All-America Rose Selections winner, USA, Garden roses Rose Hall of Fame List of Award of Garden Merit roses Quest-Ritson, Brigid. Encyclopedia of Roses. DK. P. 131. ISBN 978-0756688684