Ole Peter Arnulf Øverland was a Norwegian poet and artist. He is principally known for his poetry which served to inspire the Norwegian resistance movement during the German occupation of Norway during World War II. Øverland was raised in Bergen. His parents were Hanna Hage; the early death of his father, left. He was able to attend Bergen Cathedral School and in 1904 Kristiania Cathedral School, he graduated in 1907 and for a time studied philology at University of Kristiania.Øverland published his first collection of poems. Øverland became a member of Mot Dag. He served as chairman of the Norwegian Students' Society 1923-28, he changed his stand in 1937 as an expression of dissent against the ongoing Moscow Trials. He was an avid opponent of Nazism and in 1936 he wrote the poem "Du må ikke sove", printed in the journal Samtiden, it ends with Jeg tenkte: Nu er det noget som hender. Vår tid er forbi - Europa brenner.. The most famous line of the poem is Du må ikke tåle så inderlig vel den urett som ikke rammer deg selv!
During the German occupation of Norway from 1940 in World War II, he wrote to inspire the Norwegian resistance movement. He wrote a series of poems which were clandestinely distributed, leading to the arrest of both him and his future wife Margrete Aamot Øverland in 1941. Arnulf Øverland was held first in the prison camp of Grini before being transferred to Sachsenhausen concentration camp in Germany, he spent a four-year imprisonment until the liberation of Norway in 1945. His poems were collected in Vi overlever alt and published in 1945.Øverland played an important role in the Norwegian language struggle in the post-war era. He became a noted supporter for the conservative written form of Norwegian called Riksmål, he was president of Riksmålsforbundet from 1947 to 1956. In addition, Øverland adhered to the traditionalist style of writing, criticising modernist poetry on several occasions, his speech Tungetale fra parnasset, published in Arbeiderbladet in 1954, initiated the so-called Glossolalia debate.
In 1918 he had married singer Hildur Arntzen. Their marriage was dissolved in 1939. In 1940, he married Bartholine Eufemia Leganger, they separated shortly thereafter and were divorced in 1945. Øverland was married to journalist Margrete Aamot Øverland during June 1945. In 1946, the Norwegian Parliament arranged for Arnulf and Margrete Aamot Øverland to reside at the Grotten, he lived there until his death in 1968 and she lived there for another ten years until her death in 1978. Arnulf Øverland was buried at Vår Frelsers Gravlund in Oslo. Joseph Grimeland designed the bust of Arnulf Øverland at his grave site. Den ensomme fest Berget det blå En Hustavle Den røde front Vi overlever alt Sverdet bak døren Livets minutter Gyldendal's Endowment Dobloug Prize Mads Wiel Nygaards legat Hjeltnes, Guri. "Øverland, Arnulf". In Dahl, Hans Fredrik. Norsk krigsleksikon 1940-45. Oslo: Cappelen. Archived from the original on 2011-07-24. Retrieved 2008-09-11. Hambro, Carl Arnulf Øverland: det brennende hjerte ISBN 8203112366 "Du må ikke sove!"
Translation of "Du må ikke sove" by Lars-Toralf Storstrand Kristendommen, den tiende landeplage Christianity, the tenth plague
Sigbjørn Obstfelder was a 19th-century Norwegian writer and poet. Obstfelder was born in Norway, he was the seventh child in a family of sixteen children born to Herman Friedrich Obstfelder and Serine Egelandsdal. He began to study at the University of Christiania in 1886. Two years he started studying engineering at Christiania Technical School. In 1890, he moved to Milwaukee, Wisconsin where he took a job as a draftsman at a bridge construction company. After only a year, he returned to Norway where he had a nervous breakdown and was hospitalized in Christiania. Known as a writer of poetry, Obstfelder's debut collection of poems from 1893, Digte, is credited as one of the earliest examples of modernism in Norwegian literature. Despite producing only a mere handful of works during his short lifespan, he is considered one of the most important figures in Norwegian literature of the late 19th century. Influenced by the French poet Charles Baudelaire, his writings have been described as the literary equivalent of Edvard Munch's paintings.
Obstfelder was a source of inspiration for Rainer Maria Rilke's work The Notebooks of Malte Laurids Brigge. Although known more for his poems, Obstfelder wrote and published prose works, his first published prose were two short stories, which came out in 1895. The following year he published his famous novel Cross. In 1897, he published a play, The Red Dråbe, listed in the National Theatre in 1902. Several of his works were published posthumously, including the unfinished A Praest's Diary, his journals from his stay in the U. S. were published. In 2000, on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of Obstfelder's death, a collection of his works was published. Obstfelder is regarded as the first Norwegian modernist poet, his poems have left an indelible mark on Norwegian poetry. Choosing to depart from the traditional "rimtvangen" and the rigid structure of typical Norwegian verse, he created his own free verse, marked for its musicality, his poems are tinged with anxiety and alienation as well imparting a spiritual inclination.
His poetry is considered by many to be the literary counterpart to expressionist art of Edvard Munch. Obstfelder lived most of his life as a pauper, never stayed in one place for long. By all accounts he had an unstable mental health, suffered several nervous breakdowns. In 1898, he married the Danish singer Ingeborg Weeke, he died of tuberculosis at the Municipal Hospital in Copenhagen at 33 years of age. He was buried at Frederiksberg Ældre Kirkegård on the same day his only child, was born. Obstfelder's memory is celebrated in numerous cities in Europe. In 1917, his bust, created by Gustav Vigeland, was unveiled in the Stavanger city park. Another bust has been placed in the Frederiksberg Ældre Kirkegård at Frederiksberg in Copenhagen. Digte, 1893 To novelletter, 1895 Korset, 1896 De røde dråber, 1897 En præsts dagbog, released posthumously 1900 Efterladte arbeider, 1903 Samlede skrifter I-III, 1950 contains a lot of unreleased material Digitized books by Obstfelder in the National Library of Norway
Olav H. Hauge
Olav Håkonson Hauge was a Norwegian horticulturist and poet. Hauge was born at the village of Ulvik in Norway, his parents Håkon Hauge and Katrina Hakestad were farmers. Hauge attended middle school in Ulvik 1925-1926, he learned English and German in school and taught himself French by reading. He spent many years training in fruit cultivation, he went to Hjeltnes Horticulture School in Ulvik, Norwegian University of Life Sciences at Ås and the State Research Center at Hermannsverk in Sogn og Fjordane. He lived his whole life in Ulvik working as a gardener in his own apple orchard. Hauge's first poems were published in all in a traditional form, he wrote modernist poetry and in particular concrete poetry that inspired other, younger Norwegian poets, such as Jan Erik Vold. A well-known example, in the Norwegian original: Katten sit i tunet når du kjem. Snakk litt med katten. Det er han som er varast i garden. In English translation: The cat is sitting out front. Talk a bit with the cat, he is the most sensitive one here.
Aside from writing his own poems, he was internationally oriented, translated poems by Alfred Tennyson, William Butler Yeats, Robert Browning, Stéphane Mallarmé, Arthur Rimbaud, Stephen Crane, Friedrich Hölderlin, Georg Trakl, Paul Celan, Bertolt Brecht and Robert Bly to Norwegian. He wrote poetry in homage to fellow poets William Blake, Paul Celan, Gérard de Nerval and Emily Dickinson, he was inspired by classical Chinese poetry, e.g. in his poem "T`ao Ch`ien" in the collection Spør vinden. Hauge has been translated to English by the Scottish poet Robin Fulton in Olav Hauge: Selected Poems, from 1990, by the American poet Robert Bly in Trusting Your Life to Water and Eternity: Twenty Poems of Olav H. Hauge, from 1987; the American author Robert Hedin translated Hauge in 2001 in the collection The Bullfinch Rising from the Cherry Tree: Poems of Olav H. Hauge and in Leaf-huts and Snow-houses in 2004. Robert Bly and Robert Hedin together translated Hauge in 2008 in The Dream We Carry: Selected and Last Poems of Olav H. Hauge.
Words from Glor i oska were used as lyrics for the Solefald song "Song til stormen" off of their 2010 album, Norrøn Livskunst. Olav H. Hauge Center is situated on Brakanes near Ulvikafjorden; the center includes an exhibition, library of poetry, poetry workshop and museum highlighting the poet's life and work. Nynorsk kultursentrum manages both the Ivar Aasen-instituttet in Ørsta. Glør i oska Under bergfallet, Beneath the Crag Seint rodnar skog i djuvet, Slowly the Trees Turn Red in the Gorge På ørnetuva, On the Eagle's Tussock Dikt i utval: Dogg og dagar editor Ragnvald Skrede. Dropar i austavind, Drops in the East Wind Spør vinden, Ask the Wind Dikt i samling Syn oss åkeren din in selection by Jan Erik Vold. Bokklubben, 1975. Janglestrå, Gleanings Regnbogane ABC, 1986 Mange års røynsle med pil og boge. Brev 1970-1975 Det er den draumen, It's the Dream Dagbok 1924-1994 Skogen stend, men han skiftar sine tre. Aforismar i utval Utanlandske dikt, 1967 Stephen Crane: Svarte ryttarar, 1974 Bertolt Brecht: Til ettertidi, 1978 Hand grip hand i svevne, 1978 Dikt i umsetjing, 1982 Frå Rimbaud til Celan, 1991 Kritikerprisen for På ørnetuva - 1961 Sokneprest Alfred Andersson-Ryssts fond 1968 Dobloug Prize - 1969 Sunnmørsprisen for Spør vinden - 1971 Melsom-prisen - 1973 Aschehougprisen- 1978 Nynorsk barnelitteraturpris for Regnbogane - 1983 Olav Hauge translated by Olav Grinde Luminous Spaces: Olav H. Hauge: Selected Poems & Journals ISBN 978-1935210801 Olav Hauge translated by Robert Bly and Robert Hedin The Dream We Carry: Selected and Last Poems of Olav Hauge ISBN 978-1556592881 Olav Hauge translated by Robin Fulton Olav Hauge: Selected Poems ISBN 978-1877727030 Olav Hauge translated by Robert Bly Trusting Your Life to Water and Eternity: Twenty Poems of Olav H. Hauge ISBN 978-0915943289 Olav H. Hauge - Senteret website NRK: Sound recordings with Olav H. Hauge Olav H. Hauge at NRK Forfatter Olav H. Hauge at Dagbladet Forfatter Olav H. Hauge at Aftenposten Alex
Harald Sverdrup (writer)
Harald Ulrik Sverdrup was a Norwegian poet and children's writer. He received several literary prizes, including the Norwegian Critics Prize for Literature, the Mads Wiel Nygaards Endowment, the Dobloug Prize and the Riksmål Society Literature Prize. Sverdrup was born in Gravdal, Lofoten, as a son of medical doctor Harald Ulrik Sverdrup and Berit Johanne Strandenæs, he was related to bishop and politician Jakob Sverdrup, his great-uncle, to oceanographer Harald Ulrik Sverdrup, Jr, his first cousin once removed. Other first cousins once removed are Leif Sverdrup, Georg Johan Sverdrup and philologist Jakob Sverdrup, he was a great-grandson of Harald Ulrik Sverdrup, Sr, a grandnephew of Jakob Sverdrup, Georg Sverdrup and Edvard Sverdrup, a second cousin of historian Jakob Sverdrup. He spent his early childhood in Lofoten, Risør, Hvitsten and Rjukan, in Oslo. During World War II he participated in resistance work in Norway, until he fled to Sweden and Great Britain in 1944, he joined as ground crew at the Norwegian Spitfire Wing, participated at the war front in Belgium and Germany.
He was married to Jorunn Elset from 1950 to 1954, to his first cousin Mari Ulstrup from 1954. The couple lived at Stokke. Sverdrup made his literary debut in 1948 with the poetry collection Drøm og drift, his literary breakthrough came with the collection Sankt Elms ild from 1958, which earned him the Norwegian Critics Prize for Literature. He issued the collection of children's poetry Snurrebassen og andre tøysevers in 1958, he received the Mads Wiel Nygaards Endowment in 1959. During the 1960s he issued the poetry collections Isbjørnfantasi, Sang til solen and Farlig vind, the prose books Negeren og solsikken and Paradisets barn. In the 1970s he issued Grønn kalender, he received the Dobloug Prize in 1978, the Riksmål Society Literature Prize in 1985
Jens Ingvald Bjørneboe was a Norwegian writer whose work spanned a number of literary formats. He was a painter and a Waldorf school teacher. Bjørneboe was a harsh and eloquent critic of Norwegian society and Western civilization on the whole, he led a turbulent life and his uncompromising opinions cost him both an obscenity conviction as well as long periods of heavy drinking and bouts of depression, which in the end led to his suicide. Jens Bjørneboe's first published work was Poems in 1951, he is considered to be one of Norway's most important post-war authors. Bjørneboe identified himself, as an anarcho-nihilist. During the Norwegian language struggle, Bjørneboe was a notable proponent of the Riksmål language, together with his famous cousin André Bjerke. Jens Bjørneboe was born in Kristiansand to Ingvald and Anna Marie Bjørneboe, he grew up in his father a shipping magnate and a consul for Belgium. The Bjørneboe family immigrated from Germany in the 17th century and adopted their Norwegian name.
Coming from a long line of marine officers, Bjørneboe went to sea as a young man. Bjørneboe had a troubled childhood with depressions, he was bedbound for several years following severe pneumonia. At thirteen he attempted suicide by hanging himself, he began drinking when he was twelve, he would consume large amounts of wine when his parents were away. It is rumored that he drank his father's aftershave on several occasions. In 1943 Bjørneboe fled to Sweden to avoid forced labor under the Nazi occupation. During this exile, he met the German Jewish painter Lisel Funk, who became his first wife. Lisel Funk introduced him to many aspects of German culture German literature and the arts. Bjørneboe's early work was poetry, his first book was Poems, consisting of religious poetry. Bjørneboe wrote a number of critical novels. Among those were Ere the Cock Crows and The Evil Shepherd. Ere the Cock Crows is a critique of what Bjørneboe saw as the harsh treatment, after the Second World War, of people suspected of having associated in any way with the Nazis.
Jonas deals with injustices and shortcomings of the school system and The Evil Shepherd with the Norwegian prison system. His most significant work is considered to be the trilogy The History of Bestiality, consisting of the novels Moment of Freedom and The Silence. Bjørneboe wrote a number of plays, among them The Bird Lovers and Amputation, a collaboration with Eugenio Barba and the Danish theatre ensemble Odin Teatret. In 1967, he was convicted for publishing a novel deemed pornographic, Without a Stitch, confiscated and banned in Norway; the trial, made the book a huge success in foreign editions, Bjørneboe's financial problems were solved. His last major work was the novel The Sharks. After having struggled with depression and alcoholism for a long time, he committed suicide by hanging on 9 May 1976. In his obituary in Aftenposten, Bjørneboe's life and legacy were described as follows: For 25 years Jens Bjørneboe was a center of unrest in Norwegian cultural life: Passionately concerned with contemporary problems in nearly all their aspects and with the courage to be so, with a conscious will to carry things to extremes.
He was not to be pigeonholed. He dropped in on many philosophical and political movements, but couldn't settle down in any of them, he was a wanderer, always traveling on in search of what was for him the truth—and he was a free man, in that he always ruthlessly followed his innermost intentions. He could say, like Søren Kierkegaard, that "subjectivity is truth," for he knew no other guide than his personal conviction and his own impulses—but he related not to himself, his subjective grasp always involved the totality. Ere the Cock Crows Jonas Under a Harsher Sky Winter in Bellapalma Little Boy Blue The Evil Shepherd The Dream and the Wheel, about author Ragnhild Jølsen Moment of Freedom Without a Stitch Powderhouse Duke Hans The Silence The Sharks Many Happy Returns The Bird Lovers Semmelweis Amputation. Reprinted as: Amputations: Texts for an Extraordinary Spectacle The Torgersen Case Blue Jeans Poems Ariadne The Great City Happy Birthday Norway, my Norway We Who Loved America Police and Anarchy Gary Kern on Jens Bjørneboe and the History of Bestiality
Gunnar Reiss-Andersen was a Norwegian lyric poet and author. He was born at Larvik in Norway. Reiss-Andersen went to sea at 17 years of age, sailing the Baltic and North Seas for a year in the brig “Baron von Holberg", commanded by his uncle, Knut Knutsen. After completing the Examen artium with emphasis in Latin in 1916 he went into the military, becoming a non-commissioned officer. There he followed his inclination towards painting portraits, he subsequently studied painting in Paris. For several years he worked as an artist and the art reviewer for the Arbeiderbladet newspaper in Oslo. In 1921 he debuted, he participated in the Norwegian resistance movement beginning in 1940 and during the early years of the Second World War, writing clandestinely distributed anti-war poetry to express opposition to the German occupation. In 1942 he was forced to flee to Sweden to avoid arrest by the Gestapo, he achieved a wide following in Norway by serving as one of the voices for the resistance, along with Nordahl Grieg and Arnulf Øverland.
His contributions included several resistance-oriented collections of poetry including a collection written in Norway titled Kampdikt fra Norge 1940-43, published in Stockholm in 1943 and Norsk røst, published in Stockholm in 1944. His poetry written during the war, which had circulated illegally, was published in Norway as a collection in the spring of 1945, enjoyed popularity. During his stay in Sweden, he was exposed to modernistic Swedish poetry and the influence of this genre became obvious in his post-war work. Reiss-Andersen was awarded the Norwegian state’s artist salary in 1945. After 1963 he received an honorary salary from the publishing house, Gyldendal in recognition for his contributions. In 1921, Reiss-Andersen married Elizabeth Waage. There were the parents of journalist Gry Waage. In 1925 he married Tordis Castberg Anker, they had Helge Reiss-Andersen. Gunnar Reiss-Andersen was the father of Dag Halvorsen, a journalist and foreign correspondent, he is the paternal grandfather of attorney Berit Reiss-Andersen, best known for her work as Norwegian State Secretary.
In 1962, King Haakon awarded him the rank Knight, First Class in the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav. Reiss-Andersen was buried at Undersbo kirke in Larvik. In 1977, a bust of Reiss-Andersen by Stinius Fredriksen was placed in the market square at Larvik city center. Indvielsens aar – poetry collection Mellem Løven og Venus – poetry collection Solregn – poetry collection Nyt liv – novel Kongesønnens bryllup – poetry collection Himmelskrift – poetry collection Lykkens prøve – poetry collection.
Nils Johan Rud
Nils Johan Rud was a Norwegian novelist, writer of short stories, children's writer, a magazine editor. He is known for his long-term period as editor of the magazine Arbeidermagasinet / Magasinet For Alle. Nils Johan Rud was born in Ringsaker as the son of Emma Johanne Nergaard, he married Aase Gudlaug Hellum in 1934, is the father of Jazz drummer Espen Rud. He died in Asker in 1993. Rud published the children's book Gutter på skoggang in 1928, continued writing children's books. In 1930 came Karsemne, in 1931 Skaugumtrollet, Tusser og troll in 1934, he wrote Stifinner in 1935, Et riktig mannfolk in 1936, all books for children. The book Alle tiders største was about sports, Rud was involved as an administrator in the club IF Frisk Asker, his first novel was Vi skal ha et barn from 1933, while his breakthrough was Jeg er ingen proletar from 1935. Among his other novels were Oppfordring Eirene, he wrote more than forty books during his career. His novel Ekko i det gamle tun from 1982 won first prize in a novel competition.
His last book was the novel En fremmed i speilet from 1993. In addition to his novels Rud wrote a large number of short stories. Among his short story collections were Fri Jord from 1945, Det var en lørdag aften from 1959, he was a recognized author, being a board member of the Norwegian Authors' Union from 1936 to 1945. Before working in the press, Rud had a number of other jobs, he worked as an apprentice at a soda factory and a tailor's workshop, as a gardener and salesman. From 1931 to 1932 he edited the local newspaper Asker Blad. Rud edited the magazine Arbeidermagasinet from 1932 to 1970; the magazine was noted for its literary quality and its promotion of the short story. As an editor of this magazine Rud commented on more than 100,000 manuscripts. Rud was awarded Gyldendal's Endowment in 1947, again in 1974. From 1961 he was given the state grant for artists, he received the Dobloug Prize in 1979. He received the Arts Council Norway Honorary Award in 1987 and the Alf Prøysen memorial fund in 1988.
He was decorated Knight, First Class of the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav in 1971. Gutter på skoggang. 1928. Karsemne. 1930. Skaugumtrollet. 1931. Vi skal ha et barn. 1933. Så stjeler vi et fattighus. 1934. Tusser og troll. 1934. Jeg er ingen proletar. 1935. Stifinner. 1935. Alle tiders største. 1936. Et riktig mannfolk. 1936. Jakten og kvinnen. 1939. Drivende grenser. 1941. Fri jord. 1945. Fredens sønner. 1947. Vi var jordens elskere. 1949. Både vinter og vår. 1952. Piggtråden blomstrer. 1954. I eventyrskog. 1955. Ettersøkte er atten år. 1958. Det var en lørdag aften. 1959. Ørretsommer og rypehøst. 1961. Min ungdom var en annens. 1963. Veier for fot. 1967. Eros leker. 1969. Brønnen. 1971. Noveller i utvalg. 1972. Av et halvt hundre år. 1973. Evjene. 1975. Breen blomstrer. 1980. Ekko i det gamle tun. 1982. Fra alder til alder. 1985. Spinnehjulet. 1986. Det har ventet på deg. 1988. Gammel manns høysang. 1990. En fremmed i speilet. 1993