Ironman World Championship
The Ironman World Championship has been held annually in Hawaii since 1978, with an additional race in 1982. It is organized by the World Triathlon Corporation, it is the annual culmination of a series of Ironman triathlon qualification races held throughout the world. From 1978 through 1980 the race was held on the island of Oahu, the course combining that of three events held there: the Waikiki Roughwater Swim, the Around-Oahu Bike Race, the Honolulu Marathon; the bike stage was reduced by 3 miles to link it to the start of the marathon course. In 1981 the race was moved to the less urbanized Big Island, keeping the distances the same: a 2.4 miles open water swim in Kailua-Kona Bay, a 112 miles bike ride across the Hawaiian lava desert to Hāwī and back, a marathon run along the coast of the Big Island from Keauhou to Keahole Point and back to Kailua-Kona, finishing on Aliʻi Drive. Since 1982, the race has been held in the fall each year, before which it was held in the spring, giving two races in 1982.
The most recent Ironman World Championship took place on 13 October 2018. Qualifying for the World Championship is achieved through placement in one of the other Ironman races or some Ironman 70.3 races. For the 2017 event there were 4 at the 70.3 distance. The current Ironman Hawaii course record was set in 2018 by Patrick Lange, whose winning time was 7 hrs 52 min 39 sec; the women's course record is 8 hrs 26 mins 18 sec, set in 2018 by Daniela Ryf. Athletes with disabilities compete in the event in the physically challenged category, instituted in 1997, are required to meet the same cutoff times as able bodied competitors. Australian John Maclean was the first physically challenged athlete to complete the event. 20: United States 9: Germany 7: Australia 3: Belgium Canada 10: United States Switzerland 5: United Kingdom Canada Zimbabwe 4: Australia 2: New Zealand†Paula Newby Fraser was a citizen and represented the United States for the 1993, 1994 and 1996 race. The lottery entry fee was $50 and afforded the chance to win one of 100 berths in the championship race.
If selected the winners had to pay the normal entry fee. However, according to a sworn complaint filed with the U. S. District Court in Tampa, Ironman illegally charged athletes for a chance to win the opportunity to compete in the Ironman World Championship. According to Florida law, the state where the World Triathlon Corporation resides, it is illegal to set up and charge for a lottery; because WTC charged a $50 fee to enter the lottery, instead of giving away the opportunity to win a slot at the championships, they were in violation of this law. Following the complaint WTC cooperated with the United States Attorneys office and the FBI's investigation of the matter and agreed to forfeit $2,761,910, the amount collected from the lottery since 24 October 2012; the attorney representing the United States in the matter was 8-time Ironman finisher James A. Muench. Winners of the 2015 lottery were notified on 17 March 2015, prior to the announcement of the complaint. WTC stated that these winners would be unaffected by this decision and that their slots for the upcoming championship race would be honored.
"World Championship » Ironman.com". World Triathlon Corporation. Retrieved 22 March 2009. "2009 World Championship Media Guide » Ironman.com". World Triathlon Corporation. Retrieved 27 November 2009. Ironman.com World Triathlon Corporation Ironman Hawaii ALL-TIME Rankings Men Masters Ironman Hawaii ALL-TIME Rankings Women Masters
Lionel Sanders is a Canadian professional triathlete and the winner of the 2017 ITU Long Distance Triathlon World Championships. In 2017 he placed second at the Ironman World Championship. In 2014 he placed fourth in the 2014 Ironman 70.3 World Championship held in Quebec. Sanders's first professional race was in September 2013 at the Muskoka Ironman 70.3, where he took 1st place over Andreas Raelert. Born in Windsor, Sanders attended the University of Windsor, transferred to McMaster University in Hamilton where he ran for the cross-country running team. In 2013 Sanders began to race local Ontario Multisport Canada triathlons, he did well. Sanders began his Pro Triathlete career in September when he continued his win streak by taking first pace in 70.3 Muskoka. Sanders went on to have a successful 2014 Ironman 70.3 season with notable wins at the Ironman 70.3 races in Muncie and Steelhead. After his 4th-place finish at the 2014 Ironman 70.3 World Championships Sanders finished his first Ironman distance race as a professional at Ironman Florida on November 1, 2014.
In that race, the swim was cancelled due to poor conditions. Sanders had a string of 70.3 victories in 2015, combined with some learning experiences at the Ironman distance. At Ironman Texas Sanders struggled under the oppressive heat & humid conditions, fading on the run and taking a fourth. At Ironman Mont Tremblant Sanders had a disappointing performance, finishing fifth; this was Sanders first time competing at the Ironman World Championship in Kona, Hawaii where he finished 14th. Sanders went on to Ironman Arizona finishing with a time under 8 hours to take his first official full distance victory. On November 20, 2016, Sanders set a new world record for the full distance triathlon at Ironman Arizona, with a winning time of 7:44:29; the previous record, held by Marino Vanhoenacker, had stood for five years. Sanders' 2016 Record was broken by Tim Don in 2017 Edition of Ironman Brazil in Florianopolis. In 2017, Sanders had one of his best season of his career, winning ITU Long Distance Triathlon World Championships in Penticton, British Columbia, Canada.
Sander's won all but one 70.3 race that he entered, the exception being 70.3 St. George, where he finished second to Alistair Brownlee. Sanders led the Ironman World Championship in Kona Hawaii through mile 23 of the marathon before being passed by Patrick Lange. Lionel would hold on to finish second. In 2018 Sanders continued his success, winning most of his races, except Oceanside 70.3, which he lost to Jan Frodeno. In June, he won Challenge Family "The Championship" again against Sebastian Kienle in a time of 3:44 before winning Mont-Tremblant 70.3. In full distance racing, Sanders placed 2nd at Ironman Mont-Tremblant and 29th at the Ironman World Championships. Sanders has been public about the substance abuse problem that led him to sign up for the 2010 Ironman Louisville in late 2009, he finished in a time of 10:14:31. The Hamilton Spectator wrote an in-depth article detailing his substance abuse past and how he will be telling this story for the rest of his life, he was quoted as saying, "I want to prove to anyone who has battled addiction that not only can you beat it, but you can turn yourself into something great in the process."Sanders is married to Erin Macdonald.
In the six years from 2013 to 2018, Lionel Sanders took part in over 66 triathlon competitions and achieved 57 top 3 positions
Chris McCormack (triathlete)
Chris McCormack known as Macca, is an Australian triathlete. McCormack is a two-time winner of the Ironman World Championship, winning the titles in 2007 and 2010, he is the winner of the 1997 International Triathlon Union World Cup Series, the 1997 Triathlon World Championships, the 2012 Long Distance World Championships. McCormack's early athletic career began in primary school, he joined the school's soccer and rugby teams. McCormack's high school years were spent at Kirrawee High School in Sydney, where McCormack continued his sporting endeavours winning several distinguished sporting awards including the NSW Sporting Blue for the best athlete in the state. McCormack finished 5th in 1989 and 7th in 1990 at the Australian Schools cross country titles but was pushed by his parents to focus on education over sport. After graduating in the top 10% of the State, McCormack decided to further his studies completing a Bachelor of Economics degree at the University of New South Wales. McCormack raced his first triathlon while attending university.
His success was sound and after winning two Australian Junior Triathlon titles. He raced his first Junior Triathlon World Championships in Manchester England, in August 1993 finishing in 4th place, his premature celebrations down the finishing chute cost him the silver medal in the race, allowing him to be passed by two competitors. McCormack graduated from university in October 1995, in 1996 flew to Europe to race triathlons internationally. Racing for the Tricastan Triathlon Team out of France he had immediate success winning 9 events on his first season abroad, including the World Cup race in Drummondville, his first race as an elite racer in ITU racing. McCormack finished his first year as a professional ranked number 9 in the World by the ITU. In 1997, he recorded six top 10 finishes in World Cup racing as well as some dominating performances on the tough French Grand Prix racing circuit, he finished the year ranked number one, winning both the 1997 ITU Triathlon World Championships and the 1997 ITU Triathlon World Cup, the first male triathlete to win both titles in the same year.
McCormack became the first man in history to win the ITU World Championships, The ITU World Cup series and be ranked number 1 in the World in a single season. McCormack would be ranked ITU World number 1 for more than 26 months in total. McCormack was left off the Australia Olympic Team for the 2000 Sydney Olympics despite being the highest Australian on the world rankings, he left Australia for the USA, moving away from the ITU World Cup racing and into the U. S. racing scene. McCormack would remain undefeated in the USA for 33 consecutive triathlon races, he won the Goodwill Games race against the top 30 athletes in the world and made clear his disapproval of Australian selectors decisions to leave him off the Olympic Team with his domination of short course triathlon racing in 2000, 2001 and 2002. He was picked for the Australian Team to represent at the Commonwealth Games in England in 2002, won 3 Triathlete of the Year awards for his racing during this period. Before moving to Ironman distance races McCormack won every major short course title on the global triathlon calendar including the ITU World Cup Series, Escape From Alcatraz Triathlon as well as some of the sport's most prestigious triathlon events: Goodwill Games, Mrs T's Chicago International Triathlon, San Diego International Triathlon, New York City International Triathlon and LA International Triathlon.
He became the first triathlete in a decade to capture the US Triple Crown. In 2001, McCormack was again crowned Global Triathlete Of The Year and Competitor Of The Year and became the only triathlete to hold the USA Professional Championship Title and the USA Sprint Course Title in one season. In 2002, Macca shifted his focus to Ironman racing, he won Ironman Australia on debut in 2002 and defended that title in 2003, winning again in 2004, 2005 and 2006. Macca's first race at the distance in Europe in 2003 eventuated in one of the sport's greatest races in Roth, where Macca was beaten in a sprint finish by Lothar Leder. Macca won the event in 2004, followed by 2005, 2006, 2007, he went under 8 hours in 2004, 2005, 2007. At the 2002 Ironman World Championships at Hawaii, McCormack failed to finish the race on his first attempt, he finished in 2003 in 9:32:11. In 2004, he again failed to finish and abandoned into a race vehicle driven by six-time World Champion Mark Allen, who counseled Macca to race fewer iron-distance races during the year.
In 2005, he was able to finish 6th with the fastest run split of the day. The next year, in 2006, McCormack finished Hawaii in second place. After Normann Stadler completed a new course record bike time of 4:18 McCormack started the run some 10 minutes down. After running a 2:46 marathon time he was just 71 seconds behind Normann Stadler at the finish but he had given it everything he had. McCormack became Ironman World Champion in 2007, with a winning time of 8:15:34, including a 2:42 marathon in hot conditions. McCormack again won the 2010 Ironman World Championship, defeating two-time defending champion, Craig Alexander. Following his 2010 Ironman World Championship, McCormack focused his 2011 season on qualifying for Australia's 2012 Olympic team in triathlon, he stated, "it's the one thing in my career I regret, not making an Olympics." In his eight ITU points races, in pursuit of fulfilling his Olympic goal, McCormack's finishes placed him in the range of 26th to 34th place along with 3 DNFs.
Despite this, McCormack was still thought to be a potential sele
Denmark the Kingdom of Denmark, is a Nordic country and the southernmost of the Scandinavian nations. Denmark lies southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, is bordered to the south by Germany; the Kingdom of Denmark comprises two autonomous constituent countries in the North Atlantic Ocean: the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Denmark proper consists of a peninsula, an archipelago of 443 named islands, with the largest being Zealand and the North Jutlandic Island; the islands are characterised by flat, arable land and sandy coasts, low elevation and a temperate climate. Denmark has a total area of 42,924 km2, land area of 42,394 km2, the total area including Greenland and the Faroe Islands is 2,210,579 km2, a population of 5.8 million. The unified kingdom of Denmark emerged in the 10th century as a proficient seafaring nation in the struggle for control of the Baltic Sea. Denmark and Norway were ruled together under one sovereign ruler in the Kalmar Union, established in 1397 and ending with Swedish secession in 1523.
The areas of Denmark and Norway remained under the same monarch until Denmark -- Norway. Beginning in the 17th century, there were several devastating wars with the Swedish Empire, ending with large cessions of territory to Sweden. After the Napoleonic Wars, Norway was ceded to Sweden, while Denmark kept the Faroe Islands and Iceland. In the 19th century there was a surge of nationalist movements, which were defeated in the 1864 Second Schleswig War. Denmark remained neutral during World War I. In April 1940, a German invasion saw brief military skirmishes while the Danish resistance movement was active from 1943 until the German surrender in May 1945. An industrialised exporter of agricultural produce in the second half of the 19th century, Denmark introduced social and labour-market reforms in the early 20th century that created the basis for the present welfare state model with a developed mixed economy; the Constitution of Denmark was signed on 5 June 1849, ending the absolute monarchy, which had begun in 1660.
It establishes a constitutional monarchy organised as a parliamentary democracy. The government and national parliament are seated in Copenhagen, the nation's capital, largest city, main commercial centre. Denmark exercises hegemonic influence in the Danish Realm, devolving powers to handle internal affairs. Home rule was established in the Faroe Islands in 1948. Denmark negotiated certain opt-outs, it is among the founding members of NATO, the Nordic Council, the OECD, OSCE, the United Nations. Denmark is considered to be one of the most economically and developed countries in the world. Danes enjoy a high standard of living and the country ranks in some metrics of national performance, including education, health care, protection of civil liberties, democratic governance and human development; the country ranks as having the world's highest social mobility, a high level of income equality, is among the countries with the lowest perceived levels of corruption in the world, the eleventh-most developed in the world, has one of the world's highest per capita incomes, one of the world's highest personal income tax rates.
The etymology of the word Denmark, the relationship between Danes and Denmark and the unifying of Denmark as one kingdom, is a subject which attracts debate. This is centered on the prefix "Dan" and whether it refers to the Dani or a historical person Dan and the exact meaning of the -"mark" ending. Most handbooks derive the first part of the word, the name of the people, from a word meaning "flat land", related to German Tenne "threshing floor", English den "cave"; the -mark is believed to mean woodland or borderland, with probable references to the border forests in south Schleswig. The first recorded use of the word Danmark within Denmark itself is found on the two Jelling stones, which are runestones believed to have been erected by Gorm the Old and Harald Bluetooth; the larger stone of the two is popularly cited as Denmark's "baptismal certificate", though both use the word "Denmark", in the form of accusative ᛏᛅᚾᛘᛅᚢᚱᚴ tanmaurk on the large stone, genitive ᛏᛅᚾᛘᛅᚱᚴᛅᚱ "tanmarkar" on the small stone.
The inhabitants of Denmark are there called "Danes", in the accusative. The earliest archaeological findings in Denmark date back to the Eem interglacial period from 130,000–110,000 BC. Denmark has been inhabited since around 12,500 BC and agriculture has been evident since 3900 BC; the Nordic Bronze Age in Denmark was marked by burial mounds, which left an abundance of findings including lurs and the Sun Chariot. During the Pre-Roman Iron Age, native groups began migrating south, the first tribal Danes came to the country between the Pre-Roman and the Germanic Iron Age, in the Roman Iron Age; the Roman provinces maintained trade routes and relations with native tribes in Denmark, Roman coins have been found in Denmark. Evidence of strong Celtic cultural influence dates from this period in Denmark and much of North-West Europe and is among other things reflected in the finding of the Gundestrup cauldron; the tribal Danes came from the east Danish islands and Scania and spoke an early form of North Germanic.
Historians believe that before their arrival, most of Jutland and the nearest islands were settled by tribal J
A triathlon is a multisport race with three continuous and sequential endurance races. The word is from τρεῖς or treis and ἆθλος or athlos. While variations of the sport exist, the most common form includes swimming and running over various distances. Triathletes compete for fastest overall course completion, including timed transitions between the three races. A transition area is set up; this is where the switches from cycling to running occur. These areas are used to store bicycles, performance apparel, any other accessories needed for the next stage of the race; the transition from swim to bike is referred to as T1 and that between the bike and run is referred to as T2. The athlete's overall time for the race includes time spent in T1 and T2. Transition areas vary in size depending on the number of participants expected. In addition, these areas provide a social headquarters before the race; the nature of the sport focuses on persistent and periodized training in each of the three disciplines, as well as combination workouts and general strength conditioning.
The evolution of triathlon as a distinct event is difficult to trace with precision. Many, including triathlon historian and author Scott Tinley, consider events in early twentieth century France to be the beginnings of triathlon, with many three element multisport events of differing composition appearing all called by different names; the earliest record for an event was from 1901 in Joinville-le-Pont, Val-de-Marne it called itself "Les trois sports" it was advertised as an event for "The sportsmen of the time" and consisted of a run bicycle and canoe segment. By 19 June 1921 the event in Joinville-le-Pont had become more like a standard triathlon with the canoe element being replaced with a swim, newspaper L’Auto stating the race consisted of a 3km run, a 12km bike ride and the crossing of the river Marne, all staged consecutively and without a break. Throughout the 1920s other bike and swim events had appeared in different cities such as the "Course des Trois Sports” in Marseilles, and "La Course des Débrouillards" in Poissy.
These multisport events would continue to spread and grow in popularity such by 1934 "Les Trois Sports" was being hosted in the city of La Rochelle though it consisted three distinct events, swimming a channel crossing,a bike competition around the harbour of La Rochelle and the parc Laleu, a run in the stadium André-Barbeau. Throughout this growth with new events appearing no unified rules existed and as a whole would remain a minority event on the world stage; the first modern swim/bike/run event was held at Mission Bay, San Diego, California on September 25, 1974. The race was conceived and directed by two members of the San Diego Track Club, Jack Johnstone and Don Shanahan. Johnstone recalls that he was a part of the 70s jogging craze in America and that after entering a few races he was not regaining his "mediocre fitness" despite having being a member of the 1957 Collegiate and AAU All-American swim teams. In 1973, Johnstone learned of the Dave Pain Birthday Biathlon, a 4.5 mile run followed by what was billed as a quarter-mile swim.
The following year after competing in the event for the second time and placing in the top ten Johnstone desired more of this style of race and with equal emphasis on the swim, so he petitioned the chairman of the San Diego Track Club who told him he would add a race to the club calendar but the rest of the race was up to Johnstone to organise and at the same time to contact Don Shanahan so there wouldn't be too many "weird" races on the club schedule. Shanahan told Johnstone that he wanted to include a biking leg to the race, whilst hesitant Johnstone agreed to the addition; when naming the event the pair used the unofficially agreed naming system for multisport event, of using the prefix Greek number for the number of events trias and suffix of athlos the Greek for a competition, hence named the event the Mission Bay Triathlon. It is worthy of note that neither founder had heard of the French events, both believing their race a unique idea. On Wednesday, September 25, 1974 the race started, it began with a run of a three-mile loop biking twice around Fiesta Island for a total of five miles entrants would get off the bikes, take their shoes off and run into the water swimming to the mainland ran in bare feet before swimming again along the bay did one last swim up to the entrance of Fiesta Island before crawling up a steep dirt bank to finish.
Most participants were not skilled swimmers, so Johnstone recruited his 13-year-old son to float on his surfboard and act as lifeguard. Some participants took longer than expected, it began to get dark as they finished their swims. Shanahan recalls they turned on the headlights so the athletes could see; the large number of entrants 46 surprised Johnstone and Shanahan with entrants from local running clubs, two notable entrants Judy and John Collins, would four years found the event which brought international attention to the new sport Ironman Hawaii. With the sport's popularity growing in the US its spread outside the country seemed inevitable, by 1980 triathlon had made its way across the Atlantic to northern Europe with the first European triathlon held on 30th August, 1980 in Pilsen, Czechoslovakia; the Netherlands and West Germany follow after, all hosting an event in 1981, but the media coverage of these events is non-existent. In 1982, the event organiser IMG, worked in partnership with the American channel
Francisco Javier Gómez Noya
Francisco Javier Gómez Noya is a Spanish triathlete. He is the winner of five ITU Triathlon World Championships, he holds three ITU Triathlon World Cup titles, won the Silver medal for Spain at the 2012 Summer Olympics in men's triathlon, he has won world titles for Ironman 70.3 and XTERRA Triathlon. Born to Spanish immigrants in Basel, Switzerland, he returned to Spain and now lives in Pontevedra, Galicia. Gómez took up triathlon at the age of 15 after playing football and competing in swimming; however his career suffered a setback in 2000 when a routine medical test by the Consejo Superior de Deportes revealed an "abnormal heart valve", leading to a six-year battle between Gómez and the Spanish sporting authorities regarding his right to compete internationally. He won this right in November 2003, but he was not selected for the 2004 Summer Olympics and in 2005 the CSD banned him from international and domestic competition until February 2006. In the nine years from 2002 to 2010, Gómez took part in 57 ITU competitions and achieved 54 top ten positions, among which are 23 first-place finishes.
In 2003 and in 2008, Gómez was ITU Triathlon World Champion. In 2007 and 2009 he was the Elite European Champion, he finished second in the World Championships in 2007 and was the runner up in 2011 ITU Sprint Distance Triathlon World Championships. At the 2008 Summer Olympics in men's triathlon Gómez was among the pre-race favourites to win. With 300 meters to go in that race, Jan Frodeno was the leader of a group made up of Gómez, Athens 2004 Silver medalist Bevan Docherty of New Zealand, Sydney 2000 Gold medalist Simon Whitfield of Canada. Whitfield opened up the gap with a sprint with only Frodeno responding. Frodeno sprinted away with 50 meters from the finish to claim the gold medal. Simon Whitfield took the silver medal five seconds behind, New Zealand's Bevan Docherty won the bronze medal 12 seconds back. Gómez placed 4th, 20.64 seconds behind Frodeno. In 2010, Gómez was the number 1 in the World Championship Series ranking, in 2009 he was number 2, his only rivals being the Brownlee brothers Alistair and Jonathan, with whom he represents ECS Triathlon in the French Club Championship Series Lyonnaise des Eaux.
At the 2010 ITU Triathlon World Championship final in Budapest, Gómez came second to British triathlete Alistair Brownlee, but despite the loss in the final, he won the Championship overall. At the London Summer Olympics in 2012, Gómez took the Silver medal in men's triathlon, 11 seconds behind Gold medalist Alistair Brownlee. Following the Olympic games Gómez won the Hy-Vee Triathlon against a competitive field. A month in his first cross triathlon race, he won the 2012 XTERRA World Championship. In 2013, Gómez continued his success from last year winning the Escape from Alcatraz Triathlon and repeating as the Hy-Vee Triathlon winner, he would go on to win the 2013 ITU World Triathlon Series, his third such title. With this world championship he joined Peter Robertson as the other triathlete with three titles to his name, is just shy of Simon Lessing who has four world titles. In May 2013, Gómez competed in his first middle distance race by taking Gold in Challenge Half Barcelona. In February 2014 he won his second middle distance race, Ironman 70.3 Panama.
In 2014, Gomez won his fourth ITU World Championships, winning four out of the eight possible races as well as placing third at the Grand Final, tying him for all time championships with Simon Lessing. Gomez won the 2014 Ironman 70.3 World Championship. In 2015 Gomez took his third consecutive ITU World Championship, his fifth title overall, by finishing second at the Triathlon World Series Grand Final in Chicago; the following list is based upon the official ITU rankings. Unless indicated otherwise, the following events refer to the Elite category. DNF = Did not finish DNS = Did not start Javier Gómez Noya's official website London 2012 profile