Isabel Allende is a Chilean writer. Allende, whose works sometimes contain aspects of the genre of "magical realism", is famous for novels such as The House of the Spirits and City of the Beasts, which have been commercially successful. Allende has been called "the world's most read Spanish-language author." In 2004, Allende was inducted into the American Academy of Arts and Letters, in 2010, she received Chile's National Literature Prize. President Barack Obama awarded her the 2014 Presidential Medal of Freedom. Allende's novels are based upon her personal experience and historical events and pay homage to the lives of women, while weaving together elements of myth and realism, she has lectured and toured many U. S. colleges to teach literature. Fluent in English as a second language, Allende was granted United States citizenship in 1993, having lived in California since 1989, first with her U. S husband. Allende was born Isabel Allende Llona in Lima, the daughter of Francisca Llona Barros and Tomás Allende, at the time a second secretary at the Chilean embassy.
Her father was a first cousin of Salvador Allende, President of Chile from 1970 to 1973. Many sources cite Allende as being Salvador Allende's niece; this is because in Spanish a "first cousin once removed" is translated as "second degree uncle". In 1945, after Tomás disappeared, Isabel's mother relocated with her three children to Santiago, where they lived until 1953. Between 1953 and 1958, Allende's mother was moved often. Huidobro was a diplomat appointed to Beirut. In Bolivia, Allende attended an American private school; the family returned to Chile in 1958, where Allende was briefly home-schooled. In her youth, she read particularly the works of William Shakespeare. In 1970, Salvador Allende appointed Huidobro as ambassador to Argentina. While living in Chile, Allende finished her secondary studies and met engineering student Miguel Frías whom she married in 1962. "Allende married early, into an Anglophile family and a kind of double life: at home she was the obedient wife and mother of two.
For a short time in Chile, she had a job translating romance novels from English to Spanish. However, she was fired for making unauthorized changes to the dialogue of the heroines, to make them sound more intelligent, as well as altering the Cinderella ending to allow the heroines to find more independence and do good in the world. Allende and Frías's daughter Paula was born in 1963. In 1966, Allende again returned to Chile and her son Nicolás was born there that year. "The CIA-backed military coup in September 1973 changed everything" for Allende, because "her name meant she was caught up in finding safe passage for those on the wanted lists". When she herself was added to the list and began receiving death threats, she fled to Venezuela, where she stayed for 13 years. In Venezuela she was a columnist for a major national newspaper. In 1978, she began a temporary separation from Miguel Frías, she lived in Spain for two months returned to her marriage. She divorced her first husband Miguel Frias in 1987.
During a book tour visit to California in 1988, Allende met her second husband, attorney Willie Gordon. She married him in July, 1988. In 1994, she was awarded the Gabriela Mistral Order of the first woman to receive this honor. Allende lives in San Rafael, California. Most of her family lives near her, with her son living "with his second wife and her grandchildren just down the hill. Gordon, vacated." She separated from Gordon in April 2015. In 2006, she was one of the eight flag bearers at the Opening Ceremony of the Winter Olympics in Turin, Italy, she presented the talk Tales of Passion at TED 2007. In 2008, Allende received the honorary degree Doctor of Humane Letters from San Francisco State University for her "distinguished contributions as a literary artist and humanitarian." In 2014, Allende received the honorary degree of Doctor of Letters from Harvard University for her contributions to literature. Allende started the Isabel Allende Foundation on December 9, 1996 in honor of her daughter, Paula Frías Allende, who fell into a coma after complications of the disease porphyria led to her hospitalization.
Paula was 29 years old when she died in 1992. The foundation is "dedicated to supporting programs that promote and preserve the fundamental rights of women and children to be empowered and protected."'In 1995, I created the Isabel Allende Foundation to support the empowerment of women and girls worldwide. For over 20 years, I have lectured internationally about women's rights and the empowerment of women.
Zorro (1957 TV series)
Zorro is an American action-adventure western series produced by Walt Disney Productions. Based on the Zorro character created by Johnston McCulley, the series premiered on October 10, 1957 on ABC; the final network broadcast was July 2, 1959. Seventy-eight episodes were produced, 4 hour-long specials were aired on the Walt Disney anthology series between October 30, 1960 and April 2, 1961. For most of its brief run, Zorro's episodes were part of continuing story arcs, each about thirteen episodes long, which made it like a serial; the first of these chronicles the arrival of Zorro / Diego to California in 1820 and his battle with the greedy and cruel local Commandante, Captain Enrique Sánchez Monastario. After Monastario's final defeat, in the second storyline, Zorro must uncover and counter the machinations of the evil Magistrado Carlos Galindo, part of a plot to rule California; the third story arc concerns the leader of that conspiracy, the shadowy figure of "The Eagle," revealed as vain and insecure José Sebastián de Varga.
It's revealed that the plot to gain control of California is so that he can turn it over to another country, implied to be Russia, for a huge profit. Season one concludes with Varga's death. Season two opens with Diego in Monterey, the colonial capital, where collected money to bring a supply ship to California is diverted to a gang of bandits. Diego stays to investigate, both as himself and as Zorro, becomes interested in Ana Maria Verdugo, the daughter of the man organizing the effort. Once Zorro defeats the thieves, he enters into a rivalry with his old friend Ricardo del Amo, a practical joker, interested in Ana Maria. Ana Maria in turn is in love with Zorro. While in Monterey and Sergeant Demetrio López García get involved in a dispute between the people and a repressive Lieutenant Governor. Diego is on the verge of giving up his mask to marry Ana Maria, but Don Alejandro talks him out of it. Zorro says goodbye to Ana Maria and returns to Los Angeles, where he gets involved in a series of shorter adventures.
In one three episode story arc, guest starring Annette Funicello, Zorro must solve the mystery of Anita Cabrillo's father, a man who does not seem to exist. Other storylines late in the series involve Diego's never-do-well uncle, a plot against the governor of California, an encounter with an American "mountain man", outwitting a greedy emissary from Spain. Don Diego de la Vega is depicted as a former university student, newly recalled by his father, Don Alejandro de la Vega, from Madrid to his home outside El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora Reina de los Angeles sobre El Rio Porciuncula. Just before reaching California, Diego learns of the tyranny of Captain Monastario, realizes that his father, Don Alejandro, summoned him to help fight this injustice. Although he won medals for his fencing back in Spain, Diego decides that his best course of action is to conceal his ability with a sword, to affect the demeanor of a milquetoast intellectual rather than a decisive man of action, his alter ego, Zorro operates at night, taking the direct action that Diego cannot.
This deception does not always sit well with Diego as it affects his relationship with his disappointed father. In reality, Diego relies on his wits, both with and without the mask on. In the series, Diego emerges as a respected figure in his own right, a clever thinker and loyal friend who just happens to be hopeless at swordplay; the character's name in Johnston McCulley's writing and previous adaptations was Diego Vega. Diego's singing voice is supplied by Bill Lee of The Mellomen. Don Alejandro de la Vega Don Diego's father and a hot-tempered cattle baron with a strong sense of morality and fair play, his cattle and land holdings are said to be among the richest in California, which helps to make Don Alejandro an influential community leader. His impetuous nature gets him into trouble, however, as he seeks to do battle himself, sometimes getting fooled and manipulated along the way. Don Alejandro learns of his son's identity, is in favor of Zorro's work continuing. Bernardo is Diego's manservant, confidant and co-conspirator, the only person at first to know Diego's secret.
Unable to speak, Bernardo uses sign language to communicate. He pretends to be deaf as well as mute, the better to overhear the plans of Zorro's enemies, he plays the fool, adopting clownish behavior so as to seem harmless. Although Bernardo is sometimes portrayed as a little silly when no pretense is required, he is a capable and invaluable disciple for Zorro and Diego wearing the mask himself when the need arises; the character had appeared in the original stories as both mute. It helped to advance the plot by giving Diego a partner with whom he could confide feelings and intended actions, while communicating these things to the viewers. Sergeant Demetrio Lopez Garcia is fat and overfond of drink, but kind-hearted and loyal. Sergeant García believes that he must obey orders from his commanding officers, however cruel or unjust they may be, he tries to soften the blow with his friendly manner saying "Please?" as he issues an unpalatable order to a civilian. Although García departs from his sworn du
Chatsworth, Los Angeles
Chatsworth is a neighborhood in the northwestern San Fernando Valley region of Los Angeles, United States. The area was home to Native Americans. Chatsworth was colonized by the Spanish beginning in the 18th century; the land was part of a Spanish land grant, Rancho Ex-Mission San Fernando, in the 19th century, after the United States took over the land following the Mexican–American War, it was the largest such grant in California. Settlement and development followed. Chatsworth has seven public and eight private schools. There are large open-space and smaller recreational parks as well as a public library and a transportation center. Distinctive features are the Santa Susana Field Laboratory. Overall, Chatsworth has one of the lowest densities of any neighborhood in the city, a high income level. Chatsworth is the home of the Iverson Movie Ranch, a 500-acre area, the most filmed movie ranch in history, as more than 2000 productions used it as a filming location; the 2000 U. S. census counted 35,073 residents in the 15.24-square-mile Chatsworth neighborhood, or 2,301 people per square mile, among the lowest population densities for both the city and the county.
In 2008, the city estimated that the population had increased to 37,102. In 2000 the median age for residents was 40, considered old for county neighborhoods; the neighborhood was considered to be ethnically "moderately diverse" for both the city of Los Angeles and its county, with a high percentage of whites and of Asian people, a sizable Hispanic/Latino community. The breakdown was Whites, 65.7%. Korea and the Philippines were the most common places of birth for the 25.2% of the residents who were born abroad—a low figure for Los Angeles. The median yearly household income in 2008 dollars was $84,456, considered high for the city; the percentages of families that earned more than $40,000 was considered high for the county. Renters occupied 28.9% of the housing stock, house- or apartment-owners held 71.1%. The average household size of 2.6 people was considered average for Los Angeles. In 2000 there were 2,933 military veterans, or 10.8% of the population, a high percentage compared to the rest of the city.
The percentage of married people was among the county's highest. The rate of 10% of families headed by single parents was low for the city. Chatsworth is flanked by the Santa Susana Mountains on the north, Porter Ranch and Northridge on the east, Canoga Park, West Hills on the south, the Simi Hills, unincorporated Los Angeles County and Ventura County on the west, Twin Lakes, a community founded by San Francisco's George Haight in the early 20th century and unincorporated Los Angeles County which includes a 1,600 acre park with equestrian trails, to the north; this region experiences hot and dry summers, with average daily high temperatures of 90–100 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Chatsworth has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps. Chatsworth was inhabited by the Tongva-Fernandeño, Chumash-Venturaño, Tataviam-Fernandeño Native American tribes. Native American civilizations had inhabited the Valley for an estimated 8,000 years. Stoney Point is the site of the Tongva Native American settlement of Asha'awanga or Momonga, a trading place with the neighboring Tataviam and Chumash people.
The nearby Burro Flats Painted Cave remains a legacy of the Chumash culture's rock art and solstice ceremony spirituality. The first European explorers came into the Chatsworth area on August 5, 1769, led by the Spanish military leader Gaspar de Portolà. With its establishment in 1797 and subsequent Spanish Land Grant by the King of Spain, Mission San Fernando gained dominion over the San Fernando Valley's lands, including future Chatsworth; the Native American trail that had existed from the Tongva-Tatavium village called rancheria Santa Susana to another village, replaced by Mission San Fernando, became the route for missionaries and other Spanish travel up and down California. It was part of the El Camino del Santa Susana y Simi trail that connected the Valley's Mission, Los Angeles pueblo, the southern missions with the Mission San Buenaventura, the Presidio of Monterey, the northward missions; the trail crossed over the Santa Susana Pass to the Simi Valley, through present day city park Chatsworth Park South and the Santa Susana Pass State Historic Park.
In 1795, the Spanish land grant had been issued for Rancho Simi, reconfirmed in 1842 by the Mexican governor. Its lands included part of current Chatsworth, westward from Andora Avenue. In 1821, after the Mexican War of Independence from Spain, the Mission San Fernando became part of Alta California, Mexico. In 1834, the Mexican government began redistributing the mission lands. In 1846, the Mexican land grant for Rancho Ex-Mission San Fernando was issued by Governor Pío Pico, it was bounded on the north by Rancho San Francisco and the Santa Susana Mountains, on the west by the Simi Hills, on the east by Rancho Tujunga, on the south by the Montañas de Portesuelo. The Rancho Ex-Mission San Fernando received a Federal land patent to retain ownership by the United States Public Land Commission in 1873 and was the single largest land grant in California. In 1869, the grantee's son, Eulogio F. de Celis, returned from Spain to Los Angeles. In 1874, the family sold their northern half of Rancho Ex-Mission San Fernando to northern Californians, California State Senator Charles Maclay and his part
The Andalusian known as the Pure Spanish Horse or PRE, is a horse breed from the Iberian Peninsula, where its ancestors have lived for thousands of years. The Andalusian has been recognized as an distinct breed since the 15th century, its conformation has changed little over the centuries. Throughout its history, it has been known for its prowess as a war horse, was prized by the nobility; the breed was used as a tool of diplomacy by the Spanish government, kings across Europe rode and owned Spanish horses. During the 19th century, warfare and crossbreeding reduced herd numbers and despite some recovery in the late 19th century, the trend continued into the early 20th century. Exports of Andalusians from Spain were restricted until the 1960s, but the breed has since spread throughout the world, despite their low population. In 2010, there were more than 185,000 registered Andalusians worldwide. Built, compact yet elegant, Andalusians have long, thick manes and tails, their most common coat color is gray.
They are known for their intelligence and docility. A sub-strain within the breed known as the Carthusian, is considered by breeders to be the purest strain of Andalusian, though there is no genetic evidence for this claim; the strain is still considered separate from the main breed however, is preferred by breeders because buyers pay more for horses of Carthusian bloodlines. There are several competing registries keeping records of horses designated as Andalusian or PRE, but they differ on their definition of the Andalusian and PRE, the purity of various strains of the breed, the legalities of stud book ownership. At least one lawsuit is in progress as of 2011, to determine the ownership of the Spanish PRE stud book; the Andalusian is related to the Lusitano of Portugal, has been used to develop many other breeds in Europe and the Americas. Breeds with Andalusian ancestry include many of the warmbloods in Europe as well as western hemisphere breeds such as the Azteca. Over its centuries of development, the Andalusian breed has been selected for athleticism and stamina.
The horses were used for classical dressage, bullfighting, as stock horses. Modern Andalusians are used for many equestrian activities, including dressage, show jumping and driving; the breed is used extensively in movies historical pictures and fantasy epics. Andalusians stallions and geldings average 15.1 1⁄2 hands at the withers and 512 kilograms in weight. The Spanish government has set the minimum height for registration in Spain at 15.0 hands for males and 14.3 hands for mares — this standard is followed by the Association of Purebred Spanish Horse Breeders of Spain and the Andalusian Horse Association of Australasia. The Spanish legislation requires that in order for animals to be approved as either "qualified" or "élite" breeding stock, stallions must stand at least 15.1 hands and mares at least 15 1⁄4 hands. Andalusian horses are elegant and built. Members of the breed have heads of medium length, with a straight or convex profile. Ultra convex and concave profiles are discouraged in the breed, are penalized in breed shows.
Necks are broad, running to well-defined withers and a massive chest. They have broad, strong hindquarters with a well-rounded croup; the breed tends to have clean legs, with no propensity for blemishes or injuries, energetic gaits. The mane and tail are thick and long. Andalusians tend to be docile, while remaining sensitive; when treated with respect they are quick to learn and cooperative. There are two additional characteristics unique to the Carthusian strain, believed to trace back to the strain's foundation stallion Esclavo; the first is warts under the tail, a trait which Esclavo passed to his offspring, a trait which some breeders felt was necessary to prove that a horse was a member of the Esclavo bloodline. The second characteristic is the occasional presence of "horns", which are frontal bosses inherited from Asian ancestors; the physical descriptions of the bosses vary, ranging from calcium-like deposits at the temple to small horn-like protuberances near or behind the ear. However, these "horns" are not considered proof of Esclavo descent, unlike the tail warts.
In the past, most coat colors were found, including spotted patterns. Today most Andalusians are bay. Of the remaining horses 15 percent are bay and 5 percent are black, dun or palomino or chestnut. Other colors, such as buckskin and cremello, are rare, but are recognized as allowed colors by registries for the breed. In the early history of the breed, certain white markings and whorls were considered to be indicators of character and good or bad luck. Horses with white socks on their feet were considered to have good or bad luck, depending on the leg or legs marked. A horse with no white markings at all was considered to be ill-tempered and vice-ridden, while certain facial markings were considered representative of honesty and endurance. Hair whorls in various places were considered to show good or bad luck, with the most unlucky being in places where the horse could not see them – for example the temples, shoulder or heart. Two whorls near the root of the tail were considered a sign of courag
A sibling is one of two or more individuals having one or both parents in common. A full sibling is a first-degree relative. A male sibling is a brother, a female sibling is a sister. In most societies throughout the world, siblings grow up together, thereby facilitating the development of strong emotional bonds; the emotional bond between siblings is complicated and is influenced by factors such as parental treatment, birth order and personal experiences outside the family. Identical twins share 100% of their DNA. Full siblings are first-degree relatives and, on average, share 50% of their genes out of those that vary among humans, assuming that the parents share none of those genes. Half-siblings are second-degree relatives and have, on average, a 25% overlap in their human genetic variation. Full siblings are 50 % related. Identical twins by definition are 100% related. Full siblings are the most common type of siblings. There are two types of twins: fraternal. Identical twins have the same genes.
Twins with a close relationship will develop a twin language from infanthood, a language only shared and understood between the two. Studies suggest. At about 3 years of age, twin talk ends. Researchers were interested in subjects who were in the years of life, they knew that past studies suggested that genetics played a larger role in one's personality in the earlier years of their life. However, they were curious about whether or not this was true on in life, they gathered subjects with a mean age of 59, who included 99 pairs of identical twins, 229 pairs of fraternal twins who were all reared apart. They gathered twins who were reared together: 160 pairs of identical twins, 212 pairs of fraternal twins, they studied the most heritable traits in regard to personality, which are emotionality, activity level and sociability. This study found that identical twins resembled each other twice as much as fraternal twins, due to genetic factors. Furthermore, environment influences personality substantially.
This study suggests that heritability is substantial, but not as substantial as for younger subjects. Half-siblings are people, they may share the same mother but different fathers, or they may have the same father but different mothers. They share only one parent instead of two as full siblings are on average 25 % related. Theoretically, there is a chance; this is rare and is due to there being a smaller possibility of inheriting the same chromosomes from the shared parent. However, the same is theoretically possible for full siblings, albeit much less likely; because of the formation of Chiasma in late prophase II, both previous statements are impossible. In law, half-siblings have been accorded treatment unequal to that of full siblings. Old English common law at one time incorporated inequalities into the laws of intestate succession, with half-siblings taking only half as much property of their intestate siblings' estates as siblings of full-blood. Unequal treatment of this type has been wholly abolished in England, but still exists in the U.
S. state of Florida. Three-quarter siblings have one common parent, while their unshared parents have a mean consanguinity of 50%; this means the unshared parents are either parent and child. Three-quarter siblings are to share more genes than half siblings, but fewer than full siblings. In this case the unshared parents are full siblings. Furthermore, the three-quarter siblings are first cousins. In the case where the unshared parents are identical twins, the children share as much genetic material as full siblings do. ExamplesReal: Charles Lindbergh's children with his mistress Brigitte Hesshaimer, his children with her sister, Marietta Hesshaimer. Jermaine and Randy Jackson, of the Jackson 5, who have both fathered children with Alejandra Genevieve Oaziaza. Sultan bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan and Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan who share Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan as their father, but their mothers are sisters. Jigme Singye Wangchuck, former king of Bhutan, who married four sisters and had children with each of them.
Fictional: In the TV series Pretty Little Liars, Spencer Hastings and Jason DiLaurentis share the same father, Peter Hastings, their mothers, Mary Drake and Jessica DiLaurentis, are identical twins. In the TV series Gossip Girl, Serena van der Woodsen and Lola Rhodes share a father, William van der Woodsen, their mothers, Lily van der Woodsen and Carol Rhodes, are sisters. In this case, a woman has children with two men who are father and son, or a man has children with two women who are mother and daughter; these children will be three-quarter siblings. Furthermore, the two offspring will have an aunt/uncle-nephew/niece relation. An historical example of this is actress Gloria Grahame, she bore children with her second husband Nicholas Ray, her fourth husband Anthony Ray, Nicholas Ray's son by ano
Mark of Zorro (1975 film)
Mark of Zorro is a 1975 Italian adventure comedy film directed by Franco Lo Cascio. George Hilton: Felipe Mackintosh / Zorro Lionel Stander: Father Donato Charo López: Rosita Florenda Rodolfo Licari: Don Manuel La Paz Antonio Pica: Major De Colignac Gino Pagnani: Betrunkener List of Italian films of 1975 Mark of Zorro on IMDb
The Bold Caballero
The Bold Caballero is a 1936 adventure film written and directed by Wells Root. It is based on the character Zorro, created by Johnston McCulley; the characters Don Alejandro Vega and Bernardo are notably absent. Native American stars include Chief Thundercloud as Don Diego Vega/Zorro's aide and Charles Stevens as Captain Vargas. John Merton appears uncredited in this film as a First Sergeant. Merton appears in Zorro's Fighting Legion as Manuel and Zorro's Black Whip as Harris; the film is notable for being the first "talking Zorro movie", as the first two Zorro movies were silent films, the first in color. It was shot in Los Angeles; the film was released on December 1936, by Republic Pictures. Zorro has been captured and set for execution, charged with the murder of the new Governor in Spanish California, as the governor was marked with a "Z". Zorro escapes, reveals his identity to the governor's daughter, Isabella. However, Isabella has Don Diego arrested, he convinces Isabella that the Commandante was the real killer, as the "Z" on the Governor was backwards.
Isabella helps free Don Diego, the Commandante is killed, Diego and Isabella are reunited. Robert Livingston as Don Diego Vega / Zorro Heather Angel as Lady Isabella Palma Sig Ruman as Commandante Sebastian Golle Ian Wolfe as The Priest Robert Warwick as Governor Palma Emily Fitzroy as Lady Isabella's chaperone Charles Stevens as Captain Vargas Walter Long as Guard Ferdinand Munier as Landlord Chris-Pin Martin as Hangman Carlos De Valdez as The Alcalde Soledad Jiménez as Indian woman The Bold Caballero at the American Film Institute Catalog The Bold Caballero on IMDb