click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Toronto Blue Jays

The Toronto Blue Jays are a Canadian professional baseball team based in Toronto, Ontario. They compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the American League East division; the team plays its home games at Rogers Centre. The name "Blue Jays" originates from the bird of the same name, blue is the traditional colour of two of Toronto's other professional sports teams: the Maple Leafs and the Argonauts. In addition, the team was owned by the Labatt Brewing Company, makers of the popular beer Labatt's Blue. Colloquially nicknamed the "Jays", the team's official colours are royal blue, navy blue and white. An expansion franchise, the club was founded in Toronto in 1977. Based at Exhibition Stadium, the team began playing its home games at SkyDome upon its opening in 1989. Since 2000, the Blue Jays have been owned by Rogers Communications and in 2004, SkyDome was purchased by that company, which renamed it Rogers Centre, they are the second MLB franchise to be based outside the United States, the only team based outside the U.

S. after the first Canadian franchise, the Montreal Expos, became the Washington Nationals in 2005. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, the Blue Jays went through struggles typical of an expansion team finishing in last place in its division. In 1983, the team had its first winning season and two years they became division champions. From 1985 to 1993, they were an AL East powerhouse, winning five division championships in nine seasons, including three consecutive from 1991 to 1993. During that run, the team became back-to-back World Series champions in 1992 and 1993, led by a core group of award-winning All-Star players, including Hall of Famer Roberto Alomar, Joe Carter, John Olerud, Devon White; the Blue Jays became the first team outside the US to appear in and win a World Series, the fastest AL expansion team to do so, winning in its 16th year. As of 2019, they are one of only two MLB franchises that are undefeated through multiple World Series appearances, along with the National League's Miami Marlins.

After 1993, the Blue Jays failed to qualify for the playoffs for 21 consecutive seasons, until clinching a playoff berth and division championship in 2015. The team clinched a second consecutive playoff berth in 2016, after securing an AL wild card position. In both years, the Jays lost the AL Championship Series; the Blue Jays and the Atlanta Braves are the only two MLB teams under corporate ownership. The Blue Jays were approved as part of the 1977 Major League Baseball expansion discussions, after Toronto's original plan of getting a Major League Baseball team by luring the Giants from San Francisco fell through; the team was represented by legal counsel Herb Gord Kirke. Kirke prepared the original documents which led to the foundation of the team in 1976; the Blue Jays played their first game on April 7, 1977 against the Chicago White Sox before a home crowd of 44,649. The game is now best remembered for the minor snowstorm which began just before the game started. Toronto won the snowy affair 9–5, led by Doug Ault's two home runs.

That win would be one of only 54 of the 1977 season, as the Blue Jays finished last in the AL East, with a record of 54–107. After the season, assistant general manager Pat Gillick succeeded Peter Bavasi as general manager of the team, a position he would hold until 1994. In 1978, the team improved their record by five games, but remained last, with a record of 59–102. In 1979, after a 53–109 last place finish, shortstop Alfredo Griffin was named American League co-Rookie of the Year. In addition, the Blue Jays' first mascot, BJ Birdy, made its debut in 1979. In 1980, Bobby Mattick became manager, succeeding the Blue Jays' original manager. In Mattick's first season as manager, although they remained at the bottom, Toronto reached the 70-win mark, finishing with a record of 67–95, a 14-win improvement on 1979. Jim Clancy led with 13 wins and John Mayberry became the first Jay to hit 30 home runs in a season. In the strike-divided season of 1981, the Blue Jays finished in last place in the AL East in both halves of the season.

They were a dismal 16–42 in the first half, but improved finishing the 48-game second half at 21–27, for a combined record of 37–69. Under new manager Bobby Cox, Toronto's first solid season came in 1982 as they finished 78–84, their pitching staff was led by starters Dave Stieb, Jim Clancy, Luis Leal, the outfield featured a young Lloyd Moseby and Jesse Barfield. 1982 was the Blue Jays' first season outside the bottom, as they finished sixth in the East out of seven teams. In 1983, the Blue Jays compiled their first winning record, 89–73, finishing in fourth place, nine games behind the eventual World Series champions, the Baltimore Orioles. First baseman Willie Upshaw became the first Blue Jay to have at least 100 RBIs in a season; the Blue Jays' progress continued in 1984, finishing with the same 89–73 record, but this time in a distant second place behind another World Series champion, the Detroit Tigers. After 1984, Alfredo Griffin went to the Oakland Athletics, thus giving a permanent spot to young Dominican shortstop Tony Fernández, who would become a fan favourite for many years.

In 1985, Toronto won its first championship of any sort: the first of their six American League East division titles. The Blue Jays featured a balanced offence. Tony Fernández excelled in his first full season, veteran pitcher Doyle Alexander led the team with 17 wins, including a division-clinching complete game win. Their

George Rudolf of Liegnitz

George Rudolf of Liegnitz was duke of Liegnitz-Wohlau from 1602 to 1653. A humanist, patron of arts and poet, he was Upper Governor of Silesia during 1621-1628 and from 1641 onwards. George Rudolf was born in Ohlau, the third but second surviving son of Joachim Frederick of Brieg, Duke of Liegnitz-Brieg and Anna Maria of Anhalt, daughter of Joachim Ernest, Prince of Anhalt. At the death of their father in 1602, George Rudolf and his older brother John Christian were minors, their mother, the Dowager Duchess Anna Maria, became regent. After her death in 1605, the regency was taken by the paternal aunt of the young Dukes, Elisabeth Magdalena of Brieg and her husband, Karl II of Poděbrady, Duke of Münsterberg-Oels. In 1609 John Christian handled the government and George Rudolf's guardianship; when in 1612 George Rudolf became of age, the brothers divided their domains, Georg Rudolf ruling over "Liegnitz" and John Christian over "Brieg". Following the example of his brother, George Rudolf converted to Calvinism in 1614.

During the Thirty Years' War, he was exiled for fifteen years as a result of the occupation of his land by the Habsburg Imperial army, though he nominally retained the government. George Rudolf, as a ruler, was educated and supported the development of culture and science. In particular, he is known as the creator of the famous Biblioteca Rudolphina. In his court were reunited prominent scholars and composers such as Martin Opitz and Friedrich von Logau, who found asylum and protection at his court, he promoted musical education. During this time, he met one of the most prominent composers of his era, Heinrich Schütz, who dedicated to George Rudolf his collection of religious songs Cantiones sacrae; some surviving compositions by George Rudolf were recorded by Ars Nova on the CD "Rudolphina - Legnica Treasures" under direction of the Polish musician Jacek Urbaniak. In Dessau on 4 November 1614, George Rudolf married his first cousin Sophie Elisabeth, daughter of his maternal uncle John George I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau.

His second marriage was to another first cousin: Elisabeth Magdalena, daughter of aforementioned Duke Karl II and George Rudolf's paternal aunt Elisabeth Magdalena of Brieg. Both marriages were childless. Twice widowed, George Rudolf remained single for the next twenty-two years, until his death at Breslau, his lands were inherited by his nephews George III, Louis IV and Christian, the three only surviving sons of the first marriage of his brother John Christian, who had died in 1639. Von Isenburg, Prince W. K. & Schwennicke D.. "Complete Genealogy of the House of Piast: Silesia". Genealogy. EU. Chronological Dates in Stoyan Kultura polska: RUDOLPHINA. SKARBY LEGNICY

Charles John Carter

Charles John Carter was an architect and surveyor working in Louth, Lincolnshire. Sir Howard Colvin suggests that he may have come to Louth from Brereton in Staffordshire around 1832. Most of the work that he undertook was the building or restoration of churches and designing rectories and vicarages, he appears to have been connected with the laying out and construction of houses at Cleethorpes, following the Enclosure Act in 1842. This was a period of rapid development at Cleethorpes, as it developed into a popular sea bathing resort, he had a house in Upgate, Louth and an office in Westgate, Louth. He was a great collector of antiquities and had an extensive architectural library and collection of drawings. Following his death an auction sale was held of his possessions. Following his death, he may have been succeeded in his Louth practice by Fowler; the Sycamores, Louth.. Re-modelled for the Revd. Augustus Hobart-Hampden with shaped gables. Trinity Church, but rebuilt in 1866 Welton-le-Wold Ashby-cum-Fenby North Thoresby Louth Vicarage.

For the Rev. E. R. Mantell. A double-pile house with a forward gable with oriel window and entrance porch set between the two ridges of the piles. Tudoresque half timbering and bargeboards with tall chimney stacks; this one of the earliest examples of Black-and-white Revival architecture in Britain. Little Carlton 1833) Gayton-le-Marsh Welton-le-Wold Burgh on Bain Milton Ernest, Bedfordshire. Eastville Vicarage. Opposite church. Yellow brick with doorway with Gothic detail. Tudor detail, but classical with deep eaves. Eastville. Antram N, Pevsner N & Harris J, The Buildings of England: Lincolnshire, Yale University Press. Colvin H. A, Biographical Dictionary of British Architects 1600-1840. Yale University Press, 3rd edition London, pg.485. Robinson D and Sturman C. William Brown and the Louth Panorama, Louth. ISBN 9780953953301

Don Coutts

Don Coutts is a Scottish filmmaker best known as the director of the 2003 feature film American Cousins and for bringing the world of Katie Morag to the screen. The successful translation of the characters from the books of Mairi Hedderwick has won nine awards - including a US Peabody, 3 BAFTAs, a Royal Television Society Scotland Children's Award, a Scottish BAFTA and a Kidscreen award, he is a documentary and music filmmaker who has worked on numerous current affairs and entertainment productions, including the late night discussion programme After Dark. He was recognised for his achievements and contributions at the 2015 Scottish BAFTA Awards where he won the Best Director Award. Don Coutts left school in 1967, began work with the Simon Community before moving to London. Soon afterwards he was employed by Columbia Pictures as a clerk. Following work in Columbia's laboratories, he got a job in the studio's cutting rooms and worked on several films as an assistant film editor. Subsequently Coutts was employed by BBC East as an assistant film editor.

As director of After Dark, Coutts developed an innovative televisual language of big close-ups, pulled focus and a panning system, new to British talk show programming. Katie Morag Dear Green Place American Cousins Rose Dead Sea Reels St Antony’s Day Off Mac Musical: 3 x 1 hour following the creation of a new Scottish musical for the opening of Eden Court Theatre. Endemol for BBC Scotland True North: Celebrating the 60th birthday of Aly Bain BBC Scotland This is Mackay Country: Profile of Craig Mackay. Ex-S BBC Scotland When Summers Were Longer: Huts at Carbeth Ex-S BBC Scotland Welcome to The GoGo: Arena film on the go-go music scene in Washington for Island Records / BBC Network. Cowboys in Skirts: The making of feature film Rob Roy. United Artists/ ITV Network. Clarissa & the Countryman: Series two and three Clarissa Dickson Wright and Johnny Scott travelling around Britain. BBC Network. Fly Me To Dunoon: The story of jazz singer Suzanne Bonner. BBC Network. Tacsi: 18 x 30 minute Music Arts programmes - STV/Grampian A Kiss To Build A Dream On: Profile of Hollywood director Michael Caton-Jones.

BBC Scotland. My Name is Albert Watson: Profile of stills photographer Albert Watson. BBC Scotland; the Trainer Wars: A film about Nike, Reebok & Adidas. BBC Scotland. Tracks of my Tears: Documentary about men and crying. BBC Scotland. Victims of The Village: Expose of rural Child Abuse. BBC Scotland; the Power List: 50 Minute documentary presented by Jon Snow looking at changes in Power in Britain. Best Director – Milan International Film Festival Best Director, Comedy – Newport Beach Film Festival Best Film – Milan International Film Festival Best Film – Sunday Times Bowmore Awards Best Film – Newport Beach Film Festival Best Comedy – Newport Beach Film Festival Audience Award – Milan International Film Festival Audience Award – BAFTA Scotland Special Jury Prize – Savannah Film Festival Don Coutts on IMDb Move on Up

Uruguayan Air Force

The Uruguayan Air Force is one of the three main branches of the Armed Forces of Uruguay under the Uruguayan Ministry of Defense. Military aviation in Uruguay was born on 17 March 1913 when the Military Aviation Academy was formed at a small airport 50 km from Montevideo; the first aircraft were a Blériot XI monoplane. As with many other Latin American countries, flight instruction was performed by a European instructor. Ten army officers formed the select group chosen to be the first Uruguayan military aviators. Among them were Cpt Juan Manuel Boiso Lanza and Lt. Cesáreo L. Berisso. Boiso Lanza was the first fatality of the FAU, dying in a plane crash on 10 August 1918. Berisso became the first commander of the Air Force flight school and was the namesake of Gen. Cesáreo Berisso Air Base in Carrasco, the headquarters of Air Brigade I. Along with two other young officers, Adhemar Saenz Lacueva and Esteban Cristi, they gained their military aviator rating in Argentina and Chile and formed the Military Aeronautical School on 20 November 1916.

This school was the only military aviation facility in Uruguay until 1935. Several European aircraft types were used in large numbers during the twenties, among them sixteen Avro 504Ks, thirteen Breguet 14s, five Castaibert 913-IVs, twenty-eight Nieuport 27s; these pioneering years saw many air routes opened and an overall increase in the awareness of the military potential of this nascent force. In 1935 the school was transformed into the Military Aeronautics division and five units were created as well as several airbases. Typical aircraft of the thirties and forties were European types like the Potez XXV A.2 TOE, the SPAD S. VII and S. XIII, the de Havilland DH 82A, the IMAM Ro.37. Beech AT-11 and Douglas C-47 transports, Waco JHD and NAA Texan trainers, NAA B-25J bombers were used in this period; the arrival of F-51 Mustangs in the early 50s notably enhanced the capabilities of the air force. There were now nine Aviation Groups and the Military Aeronautics division was renamed the Military Air Force on 4 December 1952.

This change in nomenclature was important because it signified the independence of the branch from the army command structure. The new force was reorganized into three commands and a brigade structure was implemented along with a staffed headquarters; the Uruguayan Air Force grew from this foundation. Some new units were created such as the Aerial Commands, but no radical changes were made; the FAU received its first jets when Lockheed T-33s and F-80s arrived in 1955 and 1958. The FAU employed the de Havilland Chipmunk, using 10 from 1954 to 1962; the first helicopters were Bell 47s and Hiller H-23Fs, followed by the venerable Bell UH-1B Hueys. A substitute for the two Lockheed C-130B is needed in near time, despite the Program Depot Maintenance and major upgrade realized by Chilean aircraft manufacturer ENAER. Candidates are the EADS CASA C-295 and Shaanxi Y-8 despite no official statement has been done. In the medium and light transport branch Bandeirantes are being restored to flight by Algar Aviation in Brazil since the end of 2013.

In 2009 two CASA C-212 were bought from Sweden as a temporary solution and another two former-Portuguese Air Force C-212-300 are to be incorporated in 2015. China has offered Harbin Y-12 and rumours about a purchase of some Cessna 208 were deny recently; the Uruguayan Air Force is looking for a new fighter plane as its fleet of Dragonflies are reaching the end of their operative life. In May 2013 eighteen refurbished Sukhoi Su-30 MkI were offered by the Russian Federation and Sukhoi in remarkably favorable conditions that included credit facilities and an agreement branch for maintenance; these conditions were offered for the Yak-130 Mitten, too. By December 2013 Uruguayan personnel flew this plane in Russia. Current negotiations are ongoing. According to Scramble a number of A-37B Dragonfly were purchased from the Ecuadorian Air Force in January 2014. In August 2014 the Uruguayan and Swiss governments discussed a possible agreement for the purchase of ten Swiss Air Force Northrop F-5 plus engines, spare parts and training.

The FAU showed interest on the IA-58D Pucará Delta modernization program offered by Fábrica Argentina de Aviones. Today the FAU comprises about 3000 personnel organized into three brigades and various support groups. Air Brigade I was founded as Nº1 Aeronautics on 1 April 1936, it consisted of eight Potez XXV biplanes. Today, the brigade includes the Central Office for Assistance and the Carrasco Central Coordinator for Rescue, it includes Nº3 Squadron and Nº5 Squadron. Air Brigade II includes Nº1 Squadron, Nº2 Squadron, the Advanced Flight Squadron, the Liaison Squadron. Air Brigade III includes Nº7 Squadron; the Uruguayan Air Force includes Service divisions for Logistics and Computer Science, Infrastructure, Meteorology, Remote Aerospace Sensors, Transport. The FAU is involved in search and rescue, disaster assistance, transportation to remote locations within the country; the Uruguayan Air Force has five bases. Air Brigade I is based at Gen. Cesáreo L. Berisso Air Base at Carrasco International Airport near Carrasco.

Football Champ

Football Champ is an arcade-style football video game. The game was produced by Team Dogyan developers in Japan, released in the arcades by Taito Corporation in 1990. Euro Football Champ and Hat Trick Hero, released in 1992, are versions of this game with minor variations. Subsequent arcade releases of this game include Hat Trick Hero'93 and Hat Trick Hero'95; the player must first choose one of eight national football teams, followed by a star player from a choice of four available for each team. In the game, a win is needed to progress to the next game. A draw will end as a'game over', with no option for penalties, but a chance to continue by restarting the game in which a win was not achieved; each opposition team is chosen according to a tier strategy, with the player's team removed: 1. Spain and France. 2. Netherlands and Brazil. 3. England and Italy. 4. Argentina and Germany. Thus, playing with Germany, the first two games will be Spain and France in some order, the second two games will be Netherlands and Brazil in some order, the third two games will be England and Italy in some order, the seventh game will be Argentina.

The game is completed. The level of difficulty increases the further; the game notices. Scoring hat tricks has the effect of increasing the difficulty as well; the game gained some notoriety for giving players the ability to use violence. Players could get away with this without giving away a free kick as long as the referee was either far enough away or knocked onto the floor; the referee punishes every foul with a yellow card. Red cards occur at the third and eleventh fouls, although every so the game appears to miscount. No fourth red card is given by the referee. Besides the rough play, the game introduced the super shot, which occurs with 30 seconds remaining or less and when the score is tied or the player is losing by 1 goal; the star player chosen kicks a shot. The original eight national teams in the game are: Argentina Brazil England France Germany Italy Netherlands SpainSome versions of the game use Japan and USA instead of Spain and France. A version of the game was released on Amiga by Domark.

A ZX Spectrum version was never released. The game was released in its original arcade form on the Taito Legends 2 compilation for the Windows PC, PlayStation 2 and Xbox. Hat Trick Hero 2 - the sequel to this game in Japan Hat Trick Hero 95 - - an arcade game Football Champ at MobyGames