Toronto is the most populous city in Canada and the provincial capital of Ontario. With a population of 2,731,571, it is the fourth most populous city in North America after Mexico City, New York City, and Los Angeles. A global city, Toronto is a centre of business, finance and culture. Aboriginal peoples have inhabited the area now known as Toronto for thousands of years, the city itself is situated on the southern terminus of an ancient Aboriginal trail leading north to Lake Simcoe, used by the Wyandot and the Mississauga. Permanent European settlement began in the 1790s, after the broadly disputed Toronto Purchase of 1787, the British established the town of York, and designated it as the capital of Upper Canada. During the War of 1812, the town was the site of the Battle of York, York was renamed and incorporated as the city of Toronto in 1834, and became the capital of the province of Ontario during the Canadian Confederation in 1867. The city proper has since expanded past its original borders through amalgamation with surrounding municipalities at various times in its history to its current area of 630.2 km2.
While the majority of Torontonians speak English as their primary language, Toronto is a prominent centre for music, motion picture production, and television production, and is home to the headquarters of Canadas major national broadcast networks and media outlets. Toronto is known for its skyscrapers and high-rise buildings, in particular the tallest free-standing structure in the Western Hemisphere. The name Toronto is likely derived from the Iroquois word tkaronto and this refers to the northern end of what is now Lake Simcoe, where the Huron had planted tree saplings to corral fish. A portage route from Lake Ontario to Lake Huron running through this point, in the 1660s, the Iroquois established two villages within what is today Toronto, Ganatsekwyagon on the banks of the Rouge River and Teiaiagonon the banks of the Humber River. By 1701, the Mississauga had displaced the Iroquois, who abandoned the Toronto area at the end of the Beaver Wars, French traders founded Fort Rouillé on the current Exhibition grounds in 1750, but abandoned it in 1759.
During the American Revolutionary War, the region saw an influx of British settlers as United Empire Loyalists fled for the British-controlled lands north of Lake Ontario, the new province of Upper Canada was in the process of creation and needed a capital. Dorchester intended the location to be named Toronto, in 1793, Governor John Graves Simcoe established the town of York on the Toronto Purchase lands, instead naming it after Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany. Simcoe decided to move the Upper Canada capital from Newark to York, the York garrison was constructed at the entrance of the towns natural harbour, sheltered by a long sandbar peninsula. The towns settlement formed at the end of the harbour behind the peninsula, near the present-day intersection of Parliament Street. In 1813, as part of the War of 1812, the Battle of York ended in the towns capture, the surrender of the town was negotiated by John Strachan. US soldiers destroyed much of the garrison and set fire to the parliament buildings during their five-day occupation, the sacking of York was a primary motivation for the Burning of Washington by British troops in the war
Metro Toronto Convention Centre
Metro Toronto Convention Centre, is a convention complex located in Toronto, Canada along Front Street West in the former Railway Lands in Downtown Toronto. The property is owned by Oxford Properties. The centre is operated by the Metropolitan Toronto Convention Centre Corporation, the MTCC has 600,000 square feet of space, and is home to the 1330-seat John Bassett Theatre. To the east end of the complex is the 586-room InterContinental Toronto Centre hotel, at the west end of the complex is a 265,000 square foot Class-B office building. Within the office building is the Baton Rouge restaurant, which was formerly a Planet Hollywood from 1996 to 2006, a south building containing exhibition space is located south of the rail lines, on Bremner Boulevard. The centre is connected to the Union Station railway and transit station through the SkyWalk, the centre is connected by the Skywalk system to the nearby Rogers Centre and large conventions or exhibitions will sometimes use it as an additional venue.
The site was formerly federally owned Railway Lands, prior to the early 1980s the site was home to tail end tracks and a parking lot. During the 1970s the site was part of the proposed and failed Metro Centre development which sought to convert the rail lands in one large development. Development instead proceeded in parcel-by-parcel fashion, with such as Roy Thomson Hall, the CN Tower. The rail yards were transferred to new locations north and east of Toronto, the main rail lines south of the Centre were retained. The convention centre and hotel was completed in 1984, built by CN Real Estate designed by Architects Crang, in 1995, ownership was transferred to Canada Lands Corporation, an agency of the Government of Canada. A new largely underground addition, designed by Bregman + Hamann Architects, was added south of the railways, in April 2011, the Canada Lands Corporation announced that the centre and hotel was for sale. OMERS-owned Oxford Properties won the rights to the complex in August 2011, the purchase of the North Building, the hotel, the 277 Front Street West office building and a 1,200 stall parking facility was completed in September 2011 for $238 million.
The complex was adjacent to other Oxford-owned properties at 315 and 325 Front Street, in October 2012, Oxford Properties proposed the re-development of the site with an updated convention centre, casino and retail complex. The current MTCC complex would be demolished and replaced with a new complex, the centre has hosted many large-scale events over the years. The G-20 summit was held at the centre on June 26 and it was the same venue for the 14th G7 summit held in 1988. The 1985 NHL Entry Draft was held at the centre and it has hosted the XVI International AIDS Conference in 2006. As well, it has played host to Toronto auditions for So You Think You Can Dance Canada and it has been the site of numerous political conventions, and was the annual home of the NHL Awards
Sci-Fi on the Rock
Sci-Fi on the Rock is an annual science fiction and horror festival held in St. Johns, Canada. It was founded by Darren Hann and Melanie Collins in mid-to-late 2006 and it began in 2007 at the Hotel Mount Pearl, moving on to be housed in the Holiday Inn in St. Johns as of April 2008. Sci-Fi on the Rocks first festival was held on April 1,2007 at the Hotel Mount Pearl in Mount Pearl and it featured special guest authors Kenneth Tam and Shannon Patrick Sullivan, and local business/fangroup, Vader Party. In addition, there were a number of tables, and a number of competitions such as Video Games, Model Building, Costume Contest. Sci-Fi on the Rock featured a canteen with Sci-Fi related food, around the summer of 2007, planning for Sci-Fi on the Rock II would commence. The first change was time and place and it was increased from a one-day to a full weekend event, and was held in a larger venue. Sci-Fi on the Rock II was held at the Holiday Inn hotel in St. Johns, on Saturday, April 19 and Sunday, April 20,2008.
As a kick-off to the festival, author Kenneth Tam was invited back as a special guest, other changes included the amount of publicity the festival received, and the structure of different competitions. Like the year before, Sci-Fi on the Rock II was met with positive reviews, the guests as well had an enjoyable time. Jeremy Bulloch commented on his website that The people of Newfoundland are extremely friendly and it was only the second time that Darren had put the Sci-Fi on the Rock show on, and it was very well attended. Lots of costumes and games for the children and it seemed that everyone was having a good time. Sci-Fi on the Rock II featured a Charity Auction, which benefited the School Lunch Association. A. D. D. that was used on the set of Star Trek, The Next Generation. Sci-Fi on the Rock had its festival on April 25 and 26,2009 at the Holiday Inn in St. Johns once again. Author guests included returning authors Kenneth Tam, Matthew LeDrew and Willie Meikle, following in the tradition of the previous year, the festival was upgraded due to the overwhelming response to the last festival to better accommodate the demand.
Such changes included the addition of a third room, which added around 20+ workshops to the festival. Other additions included the Cantina, a movie, and website redesigns. This year marked the first Fan Film that Sci-Fi on the Rock was involved with producing, Star Wars, returning attractions included many of the workshops from the previous year, including Lightsaber Technique, Stage Combat, Star Wars, Special Effect Make-up and others. The Charity Auction returned, again aiding the School Lunch Association, dinner with the Stars, an event where a limited number of guests are able to sit and enjoy a three-course meal with the special guest actors, returned
San Diego Comic-Con
San Diego Comic-Con International is a multi-genre entertainment and comic convention held annually in San Diego, California. The name, as given on its website, is Comic-Con International, San Diego and it is a four-day event held during the summer at the San Diego Convention Center in San Diego. On the Wednesday evening prior to the opening of the event, there is a preview for professionals, exhibitors. Comic-Con International produces two other conventions, WonderCon, held in Los Angeles, and the Alternative Press Expo and it is the home of the Will Eisner Awards. In 2010, it filled the San Diego Convention Center to capacity with more than 130,000 attendees, the convention was founded in 1970 by Shel Dorf, Richard Alf, Ken Krueger, Mike Towry, Barry Alfonso, Bob Sourk, and Greg Bear. Detroit, Michigan-born, comics fan Shel Dorf, had, in the mid-1960s, mounted the Detroit Triple-Fan Fairs, one of the first commercial comics-fan conventions. When he moved to San Diego, California, in 1970, he organized a convention on March 21,1970.
Dorf went on to be associated with the convention as president or manager, Alf co-chaired the first convention with Krueger and became chairman in 1971. Following the initial gathering, Dorfs first three-day San Diego comics convention, other locations in the conventions early years included the El Cortez Hotel, the University of California, San Diego, and Golden Hall, before being moved to the San Diego Convention Center in 1991. I was quietly walking the floor stunned and in awe of just how much bigger it really was, the convention is organized by a panel of 13 board members,16 to 20 full-time and part-time workers, and 80 volunteers who assist via committees. Comic Con International is an organization, and proceeds of the event go to funding it, as well as the Alternative Press Expo. The convention logo was designed by Richard Bruning and Josh Beatman in 1995, in September 2010, the convention announced that it would stay in San Diego through 2015. In 2015, working with Lionsgate, a channel was created to host Comic-Con related content.
According to the San Diego Convention and Visitors Bureau, the convention has a regional economic impact of $162.8 million. Along with panels and workshops with comic book professionals, there are previews of upcoming feature films, like most comic-book conventions, Comic-Con features a large floorspace for exhibitors. These include media companies such as studios and TV networks, as well as comic-book dealers. And like most comics conventions, Comic-Con includes an area, as well as the Artists Alley where comics artists can sign autographs. Despite the name, artists alleys can include writers and even models and comic industry professionals annually hold the Comics Arts Conference at Comic-Con, presenting scholarly studies on comics as a medium
A comic book or comicbook, called comic magazine or simply comic, is a publication that consists of comic art in the form of sequential juxtaposed panels that represent individual scenes. Panels are often accompanied by brief descriptive prose and written narrative, although comics has some origins in 18th century Japan and 1830s Europe, comic books were first popularized in the United States during the 1930s. Comic books are reliant on their organization and appearance, authors largely focus on the frame of the page, size and panel positions. These characteristic aspects of books are necessary in conveying the content. The key elements of comic books include panels, text, balloons are usually convex spatial containers of information that are related to a character using a tail element. The tail has an origin, path and pointed direction, there are many technological formulas used to create comic books, including directions, axes and metrics. Following these key formatting procedures is the writing, Comics as a print medium have existed in America since the printing of The Adventures of Mr.
Obadiah Oldbuck in 1842 in hardcover, making it the first known American prototype comic book. The introduction of Jerry Siegel and Joe Shusters Superman in 1938 turned comic books into a major industry, the Golden Age originated the archetype of the superhero. Historians generally divide the timeline of the American comic book into eras, the Golden Age of Comic Books began with the introduction of Superman in 1938, spurring a period of high sales. The Silver Age of comic books is considered to date from the first successful revival of the then-dormant superhero form. The demarcation between the Silver Age and the era, the Bronze Age of Comic Books, is less well-defined. The Modern Age of Comic Books runs from the mid-1980s to the present day, in response to attention from the government and from the media, the U. S. comic book industry set up the Comics Magazine Association of America. The CMAA instilled the Comics Code Authority in 1954 and drafted the self-censorship Comics Code that year and it was not until the 1970s that comic books could be published without passing through the inspection of the CMAA.
In the early 1970s, a surge of creativity emerged in what known as underground comix. Published and distributed independently of the comics industry, most of such comics reflected the youth counterculture. Underground comics were almost never sold at newsstands, but rather in such youth-oriented outlets as head shops and record stores, frank Stacks The Adventures of Jesus, published under the name Foolbert Sturgeon, has been credited as the first underground comic. The rise of comic book specialty stores in the late 1970s created/paralleled a dedicated market for independent or alternative comics in the U. S, some independent comics continued in the tradition of underground comics. A few represented experimental attempts to bring closer to the status of fine art
It hosts theater-style auditoriums and has 24-hour anime viewing rooms, cosplay events, 24-hour video game room/competitions, role-playing games, board games, and talks by guest speakers. The events usually begin 5 p. m. on the Friday of the last weekend of January and continue until Sunday at 5 p. m. with a closing ceremony and announcement of new Con Chair. For Genericon XXI, convention staff partnered with Jazzmans Cafe, located in the middle of the convention itself, to bring food, Genericon began in 1985 as a general science fiction convention, organized by the Rensselaer Science Fiction Association, a student group at RPI. Guests of Honor at Genericon 1 were writer Hal Clement, artist Phil Foglio, other guests included Leik Myrabo, Lynn Abbey, Fred Saberhagen, and Professor Alan Meltzer. Subsequent Genericons have included such guests as Samuel R. Delany, Joan Vinge, Jack Dann, Barry Longyear, Christopher Golden, Vic Mignogna. Since its founding, Genericon has been every year, except 1993-1995.
In 2010, Genericon XXIV introduced a new Featured Panelist system, the list featured a number of anime bloggers and journalists, as well as a group of RPI alumni who frequently run panels at the convention. Genericon XXIVs official attendee count was 1351, by Genericon XXVI the number has climbed to over 2000. Every year the following are usually the highlighted events, Eye Of Argon, clay-O-Rama, A RPG with Play-Doh sculptures Artists Alley/Auction, A room showing submitted work that is available for sale. Board gaming, Held in the Great Hall of the DCC, rPGs, Held in various conference rooms of the neighboring Low building, a wide variety of table-top role-playing sessions are offered spanning mainstream and indie games. Guest panels Cosplay competition Cosplay chess Cosplay Death Match LARPing Karaoke Anime music videos Contest Sleeping on the space has become a problem in recent years. This is a problem since RPI does not allow loiterers, people have been woken up by staff and told to move, or leave campus to sleep elsewhere. R. K.
Milholland has expressed a dislike for the con following his attendance as a guest in 2004, other webcomic artists, have claimed to have enjoyed the con in their visits, including Jeffrey T. Darlington, Jeph Jacques and Ananth Panagariya
Chicago Comic & Entertainment Expo
The Chicago Comic & Entertainment Expo is a Chicago fan convention dedicated to comics, pop culture, graphic novels, manga, video games, toys and television. The inaugural event was held April 16–18,2010 at the McCormick Place in Chicago, C2E2 was held for the first time April 16–18,2010, with an estimated attendance between 20,000 and 30,000 attendees. The convention included dozens of professional and amateur comic book artists, the convention featured a special auction with the actual props from the original Iron Man movie. The second C2E2 was held March 18–20,2011 and included Thor actor Chris Hemsworth, other guests included Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Dollhouse actress Eliza Dushku, The Walking Dead actors Laurie Holden and Jon Bernthal, and Supernatural actor Mark Sheppard. The third C2E2 was held April 13–15,2012, and 41,000 attendees were reported and it included Doctor Who and Torchwood actor John Barrowman, Lord of the Rings actor Sean Astin, and The Walking Dead actors Steven Yeun and Lauren Cohan.
The fourth C2E2 was held April 26–28,2013, and 53,000 attendees were reported, C2E22014 was held April 25–27,2014. C2E22015 was held April 24–26,2015, Comic legend Stan Lee appeared once again this year. Other notable guests included Agent Carter actress Hayley Atwell, Agents of S. H. I. E. L. D, C2E22016 was held March 18–20,2016. Some of the spotlight entertainment guests included Agents of S. H. I. E. L. D, actors Chloe Bennet and J. August Richards, Supergirl actresses Melissa Benoist and Chyler Leigh, and Sons of Anarchy actors Ryan Hurst and Tommy Flanagan. C2E2 has panels by the comics and anime industry, entertainment guests, since 2013, C2E2 and We Are Cosplay organize a march in the Chicago St. Patricks Day Parade with cosplayers. 2016, Live Drawing Broadcasting with Autodesk, C2E2 Crown Championships of Cosplay, claimed to be the largest and most prestigious cosplay competition in the world, began in 2014. It is an award show with a pre-judging session and a stage display. All entries must represent a character or element from the pop culture realm – including Comic Books, Movies & Television, Video Games and it is live-streamed over the internet during the Saturday contest on stage.
Cosplayers will battle it out for over $10,000 in cash prizes, in 2016, CCC featured regional cosplay champions from around the world. Countries represented include the United States, China, Singapore, India, past judges include Yaya Han, Ivy DoomKitty, Ann Foley, Leri Greer, Stephanie Maslansky, Ashley Eckstein, Austin Scarlett, Neville Page, and Nan Cibula-Jenkins
Archon is a multigenre convention that has been held annually in Collinsville, Illinois and is hosted by St. Louis Science Fiction, Ltd. It is the largest convention of its type in the St. Louis, Missouri area, bringing a few fans of science fiction, fantasy. Archon 40 is scheduled for Sept. 30–Oct, the first Archon in 1977 drew a crowd of 253 and was held at Stouffers Riverfront Towers in downtown St. Louis. In 1982 Archon 6 brought author Stephen King and attracted 1,750 participants to the Chase Park Plaza Hotel, the convention had a ten-year run at the now-defunct Henry VIII Hotel near Lambert Airport. Finally, it settled in its current home at the Gateway Center in Collinsville, Archon 20s guest of honor, author Ray Bradbury, attracted record attendance of over 2,500 convention-goers in 1996. In 2003 Archon 27 expanded from three days to four, Archon 30 attracted nearly 2,800 convention-goers in 2006, a record for the convention. In 2007 in place of Archon, convention organizers hosted Tuckercon, the convention was held two months earlier than the normal Archon, on August 2–5,2007.
Guests of honor included Barbara Hambly, Darrell K. Sweet, Archon hosts one of the best known masquerade competitions in the country. In 2005, over 50 entries were presented in four classes, Novice, Journeyman. These costumers represent a range of fandom, presenting recreations of favorite cinema. Author Vic Milan has been the emcee of the Archon Masquerade for many years, the masquerade is unique for its team of professional light and sound engineers who volunteer their time working with the presenters for the show. The crew of Hex Games frequently appears and runs games based on their QAGS system, like Mforce, in 1985, St. Louis Science Fiction Ltd. Science fiction fandom List of multigenre conventions Archons official website Archons Masquerade web site The North American Science Fiction Convention Human interest news segment on Archon
CoastCon is Mississippis longest running and largest science fiction and gaming convention. It is the main sponsored event of CoastCon, Inc. a non-profit literary organization, the next CoastCon annual convention, CoastCon 40, will be held March 3-5,2017, at the Mississippi Coast Coliseum and Convention Center in Biloxi, Mississippi. CoastCon brings guests to its convention each year, CoastCon past guests include stars of many areas of interest to fandom. Each year the parent organization chooses to support a charity that aligns with the conventions goals. For 2016 CoastCon Inc. has chosen the Pink Heart Funds as its main charity, CoastCons official website CoastCons Facebook page Quality Inn CoastCons host hotel http, //www. qualityinn. com/hotel-biloxi-mississippi-MS200
The convention will return to the Anaheim Convention Center in 2017. The convention was conceived by retailer John Barrett and originally held in the Oakland Convention Center, in 2003, it moved to San Franciscos Moscone Center. The shows original name was the Wonderful World of Comics Convention, the WonderCon logo was designed by Richard Bruning and Tim Zach. Retailer Joe Field and his partner Mike Friedrich owned and operated the convention for fifteen years, in 2001, they brokered a deal with the management team that runs the San Diego Comic-Con International to make it part of the Comic-Con International convention family. This gave the San Francisco show an audience and has made it a venue for previews and early screenings of major motion pictures. These have included Spider-Man 2 in 2004, Batman Begins and Fantastic Four in 2005, Superman Returns in 2006,300 in 2007, Watchmen in 2009, all of these events featured the stars of the films fielding questions from the audience. WonderCon had 34,000 attendees in 2009,39,000 in 2010, the show left the Bay Area after the 2011 con, because San Franciscos Moscone Center was being remodeled.
The convention moved to Anaheim in 2012, and was rebranded WonderCon Anaheim, in 2016, a new convention started in the Bay Area, called the Silicon Valley Comic Con. WonderCon relocated from Anaheim to Los Angeles in 2016, and is now called WonderCon Los Angeles and was held March 25-27,2016 at the Los Angeles Convention Center, the 2017 edition of the convention returned to Anaheim and was held March 31-April 2,2017. While the main attraction of WonderCon has always been various retailers selling back issues of comic books and action figures, there is an Artists Alley featuring mainly comic book artists selling artwork, signing books, and doing sketches, and mainstream celebrities signing autographed pictures. WonderCon hosted the Harvey Award ceremonies from 1997–1999, since 2007, academicians and comic industry professionals have held the Comics Arts Conference in conjunction with WonderCon. In addition, WonderCon features an event called Trailer Park, where trailers for upcoming films are shown, the WonderCon masquerade competition usually takes place on Saturday after the convention closes.
Awards are given to those with the most creative performances, though anyone can participate, official website WonderCon feature on Sidewalks Entertainment WonderCon founders website
ConnectiCon is an annual massively multi-genre convention dedicated to a celebration of pop culture - everything from anime, to science fiction, comic books and card games. Past guests of honor have included popular North American voice actors for anime and video such as Carlos Ferro, Vic Mignogna. The convention has been held in the Connecticut Convention Center in Hartford since 2005, the convention has grown in size every year since, with over 10,000 attendees as of 2012. Over 13,000 people are expected to attend the 2015 convention, panel guests include George Takei and Nichelle Nichols from Star Trek plus Ryan McPartlin and Sarah Lancaster from Chuck. Gaming, from card and board games to miniature and role-playing games, are featured all weekend long, the convention sports an art show, exhibitor hall, artist alley, and workshops and panels throughout the convention weekend. Connecticon features events on a theatrical level such the Masquerade, Cosplay Chess, Death Match, Dating Game, game shows.
They share the stage with guests, RKO Army, Super Art Fight. and special performers such as Rebecca Nurse, Planetoid