James Whale was an English film director, theater director and actor. He is best remembered for several horror films: Frankenstein, The Old Dark House, The Invisible Man and Bride of Frankenstein, all considered classics. Whale directed films in other genres, including the 1936 film version of the musical Show Boat, he became disenchanted with his association with horror, many of his non-horror films have fallen into obscurity. Whale was born into a large family in Dudley, in the Black Country area of the English West Midlands, he studied art. With the outbreak of World War I he became an officer, he was captured by the Germans and during his time as a prisoner of war he realized he was interested in drama. Following his release at the end of the war he became set designer and director, his success directing the 1928 play Journey's End led to his move to the US, first to direct the play on Broadway and to Hollywood, California, to direct films. He lived in Hollywood for the rest of his life, most of that time with his longtime companion, producer David Lewis.
Apart from Journey's End, released by Tiffany Films, Hell's Angels, released by United Artists, he directed a dozen films for Universal Pictures between 1931 and 1937, developing a style characterized by the influence of German Expressionism and a mobile camera. At the height of his career as a director Whale directed The Road Back, a sequel to All Quiet on the Western Front. Studio interference spurred by political pressure from Nazi Germany, led to the film's being altered from Whale's vision and it was a critical and commercial failure. A run of similar box-office disappointments followed and, while he would make one final short film in 1950, by 1941 his film directing career was over, he continued to direct for the stage and rediscovered his love for painting and travel. His investments made him wealthy and he lived a comfortable retirement until suffering strokes in 1956 that robbed him of his vigor and left him in pain, he committed suicide on 29 May 1957 by drowning himself in his swimming pool.
Whale was gay throughout his career, something, unusual in the 1920s and 1930s. As knowledge of his sexual orientation has become more common, some of his films, Bride of Frankenstein in particular, have been interpreted as having a gay subtext and it has been claimed that his refusal to remain in the closet led to the end of his career. Whale was born in Dudley, the sixth of seven children of William, a blast furnaceman, Sarah, a nurse, he attended Kates Hill Board School, followed by Bayliss Charity School and Dudley Blue Coat School. His attendance stopped in his teenage years because the cost would have been prohibitive and his labor was needed to help support the family. Thought not physically strong enough to follow his brothers into the local heavy industries, Whale started work as a cobbler, reclaiming the nails he recovered from replaced soles and selling them for scrap for extra money, he discovered he had some artistic ability and earned additional money lettering signs and price tags for his neighbors.
He used his additional income to pay for evening classes at the Dudley School of Crafts. World War I broke out in early August 1914. Although Whale had little interest in the politics behind the war, he realized that conscription was inevitable so he voluntarily enlisted just before it was introduced into the British Army's Inns of Court Officer Training Corps in October 1915, was stationed at Bristol, he was subsequently commissioned as a second lieutenant into the Worcestershire Regiment in July 1916. He was taken prisoner of war in battle on the Western Front in Flanders in August 1917, was held at Holzminden Officers' Camp, where he remained until the war's end, being repatriated to England in December 1918. While imprisoned he became involved, as an actor, writer and set-designer, in the amateur theatrical productions that took place in the camp, finding them "a source of great pleasure and amusement", he developed a talent for poker, after the war he cashed in the chits and IOUs from his fellow prisoners that he had amassed in gambling to provide himself with finances for re-entry into civilian life.
After the armistice, he tried to find work as a cartoonist. He was unable to secure a permanent position; that year he embarked on a professional stage career. Under the tutelage of actor-manager Nigel Playfair, he worked as an actor, set designer and builder, "stage director" and director. In 1922, while with Playfair, he met Doris Zinkeisen, they were considered a couple for some two years, despite Whale's living as an gay man. They were engaged in 1924, but by 1925 the engagement was off. In 1928 Whale was offered the opportunity to direct two private performances of R. C. Sherriff's then-unknown play Journey's End for the Incorporated Stage Society, a theatre society that mounted private Sunday performances of plays. Set over a four-day period in March 1918 in the trenches at Saint-Quentin, Journey's End gives a glimpse into the experiences of the officers of a British infantry company in World War I; the key conflict is between Capt. Stanhope, the company commander, Lt. Raleigh, the brother of Stanhope's fiancée.
Whale offered the part of Stanhope to the barely known Laurence Olivier. Olivier declined the role, but after meeting the playwright agreed to take it on. Maurice Evans was cast as Raleigh; the play was well received and transferred
Colin Andrew Firth is an English actor who has received an Academy Award, a Golden Globe Award, two BAFTA Awards, three Screen Actors Guild Awards, as well as the Volpi Cup for Best Actor at the Venice Film Festival. In 2010, Firth's portrayal of King George VI in Tom Hooper's The King's Speech won him the Academy Award for Best Actor. Identified in the late 1980s with the "Brit Pack" of rising, young British actors, it was not until his portrayal of Fitzwilliam Darcy in the 1995 television adaptation of Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice that he received more widespread attention; this led to roles in films, such as The English Patient, Bridget Jones's Diary, for which he was nominated for a BAFTA Award, Shakespeare in Love, Love Actually. In 2009, Firth received widespread critical acclaim for his leading role in A Single Man, for which he gained his first Academy Award nomination, won a BAFTA Award. In 2014, Firth portrayed secret agent Harry Hart in the film Kingsman: The Secret Service.
In 2018, he co-starred as William "Weatherall" Wilkins in the musical fantasy Mary Poppins Returns. His films have grossed more than $3 billion from 42 releases worldwide. In 2011, Firth received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, was selected as one of the Time 100, he was awarded an honorary degree from the University of Winchester in 2007, was made a Freeman of the City of London in 2012. He has campaigned for the rights of indigenous tribal people, is a member of Survival International. Firth has campaigned on issues of asylum seekers, refugees' rights, the environment, he commissioned and co-authored a scientific paper on a study into the differences in brain structure between people of differing political orientations. Firth was born in the village of Grayshott, Hampshire, to parents who were both academics and teachers, his mother, Shirley Jean, was a comparative religion lecturer at King Alfred's College, his father, David Norman Lewis Firth, was a history lecturer at King Alfred's and education officer for the Nigerian Government.
Firth is the eldest of three children. His maternal grandparents were Congregationalist ministers and his paternal grandfather was an Anglican priest; as a child, Firth travelled due to his parents' work, spending some years in Nigeria. He lived in St. Louis, when he was 11, which he has described as "a difficult time". On returning to England, he attended the Montgomery of Alamein Secondary School, which at the time was a state comprehensive school in Winchester, Hampshire, he was the target of bullying. To counter this, he adopted the local working class Hampshire accent and copied his schoolmates' lack of interest in schoolwork. By the time he was 14, Firth had decided to be a professional actor, having attended drama workshops from the age of 10; until further education, he was not academically inclined saying in an interview, "I didn't like school. I just thought it was boring and mediocre and nothing they taught me seemed to be of any interest at all." However, at Barton Peveril Sixth Form College in Eastleigh, he was imbued with a love of English literature by an enthusiastic teacher, Penny Edwards, has said that his two years at Barton Peveril were "among the two happiest years of my life".
After his sixth form years, Firth joined the National Youth Theatre. There, he made many contacts in the acting world, from which he got a job in the wardrobe department at the National Theatre. From there, he went on to study at Drama Centre London. Playing Hamlet in the Drama Centre end of year production, Firth was spotted by playwright Julian Mitchell, who cast him as the gay, ambitious public schoolboy Guy Bennett in the 1983 West End production of Another Country. In 1984, Firth made his film debut in the role of Tommy Judd, Guy Bennett's straight, Marxist school friend in the screen adaptation of the play; this was the start of longstanding public feud between Firth and Everett, resolved. He starred with Sir Laurence Olivier in Lost Empires, a TV adaptation of J. B. Priestley's novel. In 1987, Firth along with other up and coming British actors such as Tim Roth, Bruce Payne and Paul McGann were dubbed the'Brit Pack'; that same year, he appeared alongside Kenneth Branagh in the film version of J. L. Carr's A Month in the Country.
Sheila Johnston observed a theme in his early works of playing those traumatised by war. Firth portrayed real-life British soldier Robert Lawrence MC in the 1988 BBC dramatisation Tumbledown. Lawrence was injured at the Battle of Mount Tumbledown during the Falklands War, the film details his struggles to adjust to his disability whilst confronted with indifference from the government and the public; the film attracted controversy at the time, with criticism coming from left and right ends of the political spectrum. Firth's performance led to a Royal TV Society Best Actor Award and he was nominated for the 1989 BAFTA Television Award. In 1989, he played the title role based on Les Liaisons dangereuses; this did not make a big impact in comparison. The same year, he played a paranoid awkward character in Argentinian psychological thriller Apartment Zero. Firth became a household name through his role as the aloof and haughty aristocrat Mr. Darcy in the 1995 BBC television adaptation of Jane Austen's Pride and
The Road (2009 film)
The Road is a 2009 American post-apocalyptic film directed by John Hillcoat and written by Joe Penhall, based on the 2006 novel of the same name by Cormac McCarthy. The film stars Viggo Mortensen and Kodi Smit-McPhee as a father and his son in a post-apocalyptic wasteland. Principal photography took place in Pennsylvania, Louisiana and Oregon; the Road received a limited release in North American cinemas from November 25, 2009, was released in United Kingdom cinemas on January 4, 2010. The film received positive reviews from critics, it received numerous nominations, including a BAFTA nomination for Best Cinematography. A man and his young son struggle to survive after a global cataclysm has caused an extinction event, they scavenge for supplies and avoid roaming gangs as they travel on a road to the coast in the hope that it will be warmer. Years earlier, the man's wife gives birth to their son shortly after the catastrophe and she loses hope; when the man shoots an intruder using one of three bullets they have saved for their family as a last resort, she accuses him of wasting the bullet deliberately to prevent her suicide.
Removing her coat and hat, she walks into the woods, never to be seen again. In the present, after shooting a member of a gang of cannibals who stumbles upon them, the man is left with only one bullet. Exploring a mansion, he and the boy discover people locked in the basement, imprisoned as food for their captors; when the armed cannibals return, the man and his son hide. With discovery imminent, the man prepares to shoot his son, but they flee when the cannibals are distracted by the escaping captives. Further down the road, the man and boy discover an underground shelter full of canned food and supplies, they bathe. When they hear noises above, including a dog, he decides. Further along the road, the son persuades him to share food with a near-blind old man. At the coast, the man leaves the boy to guard their possessions while he swims out to scavenge a beached ship; the boy falls asleep and their supplies are stolen. The man chases down the thief and takes everything from him his clothes; this distresses the boy so much the man turns back and leaves the clothes and a can of food for the thief.
As they pass through a ruined town, the man is shot in the leg with an arrow. He kills his ambusher with a flare gun he found on the ship and finds the archer's female companion in the same room; the man thinks the archer and woman were following them. He leaves her weeping over the body. Weakened, the man and boy abandon most of their possessions; the man's condition deteriorates and he dies. The boy is approached by a man who, with his wife, two children, dog, convinces the boy he is one of the "good guys" and takes him under his protection; the wife says they have been following his father. In the film, only one of the characters is given Ely; the credits give their roles in place of names. Viggo Mortensen as Man Kodi Smit-McPhee as Boy Charlize Theron as Woman, the Man's wife. Theron had worked with producer Nick Wechsler on the 2000 film The Yards; the woman has a larger role in the film than in the book, with Hillcoat stating "I think it's fine to depart from the book as long as you maintain the spirit of it."
Robert Duvall as Old Man Guy Pearce as Veteran, a father wandering with his family Molly Parker as Motherly Woman, the Veteran's wife Michael Kenneth Williams as Thief Garret Dillahunt as Gang Member In November 2006, producer Nick Wechsler used independent financing to acquire film rights to adapt the 2006 novel The Road by Cormac McCarthy. When Wechsler had watched John Hillcoat's 2005 film The Proposition after reading The Road, the producer decided to pursue Hillcoat to direct the film adaptation. Wechsler described Hillcoat's style: "There was something beautiful in the way John captured the stark primitive humanity of the West in that movie." In April 2007, Joe Penhall was hired to script the adapted screenplay. Wechsler and his fellow producers Steve and Paula Mae Schwartz planned to have a script and an actor cast to portray the father before pursuing a distributor for the film. By the following November, actor Viggo Mortensen had entered negotiations with the filmmakers to portray the father, though he was occupied with filming Appaloosa in New Mexico.
The film had a budget of $20 million. Filming began in the Pittsburgh metropolitan area in late February 2008, continuing for eight weeks before moving on to northwestern Pennsylvania and Oregon. Hillcoat preferred to shoot in real locations, saying "We didn't want to go the CGI world." Pennsylvania, where most of the filming took place, was chosen for its tax breaks and its abundance of locations that looked abandoned or decayed: coalfields and run-down parts of Pittsburgh and neighboring boroughs. Filming was done at the 1892 amusement resort after one of the park's buildings was destroyed in a fire in February 2008; the beaches of Presque Isle State Park in Erie, Pennsylvania were used. Hillcoat said of using Pittsburgh as a practical location, "It's a beautiful place in fall with the colors changing, but in winter, it can be bleak. There are city blocks; the woods can be brutal." Filmmakers shot scenes in parts of New Orleans, ravaged by Hurricane Katrina and on Mount St. Helens in Washington.
The Abandoned Pennsylvania Turnpike, a stretch of abandoned roadway between Hustontown and Breezewood, was used for much of the production. Hillcoat
George VI was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11 December 1936 until his death on 6 February 1952. He was the first Head of the Commonwealth. Known publicly as Albert until his accession, "Bertie" among his family and close friends, George VI was born in the reign of his great-grandmother Queen Victoria, was named after his great-grandfather Albert, Prince Consort; as the second son of King George V, he was not expected to inherit the throne and spent his early life in the shadow of his elder brother, Edward. He attended naval college as a teenager, served in the Royal Navy and Royal Air Force during the First World War. In 1920, he was made Duke of York, he married Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon in 1923 and they had two daughters and Margaret. In the mid-1920s, he had speech therapy for a stammer, which he never overcame. George's elder brother ascended the throne as Edward VIII upon the death of their father in 1936; however that year Edward revealed his desire to marry divorced American socialite Wallis Simpson.
British prime minister Stanley Baldwin advised Edward that for political and religious reasons he could not marry a divorced woman and remain king. Edward abdicated to marry Simpson, George ascended the throne as the third monarch of the House of Windsor. During George's reign, the break-up of the British Empire and its transition into the Commonwealth of Nations accelerated; the parliament of the Irish Free State removed direct mention of the monarch from the country's constitution on the day of his accession. The following year, a new Irish constitution changed the name of the state to Ireland and established the office of President. From 1939, the Empire and Commonwealth – except Ireland – was at war with Nazi Germany. War with Italy and Japan followed in 1941, respectively. Though Britain and its allies were victorious in 1945, the United States and the Soviet Union rose as pre-eminent world powers and the British Empire declined. After the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947, George remained king of both countries, but relinquished the title of Emperor of India in June 1948.
Ireland formally declared itself a republic and left the Commonwealth in 1949, India became a republic within the Commonwealth the following year. George adopted the new title of Head of the Commonwealth, he was beset by smoking-related health problems in the years of his reign. He was succeeded by his elder daughter, Elizabeth II. George was born at York Cottage, on the Sandringham Estate in Norfolk, during the reign of his great-grandmother Queen Victoria, his father was Prince George, Duke of York, the second and eldest-surviving son of the Prince and Princess of Wales. His mother was the Duchess of York, the eldest child and only daughter of the Duke and Duchess of Teck, his birthday, 14 December 1895, was the 34th anniversary of the death of his great-grandfather, Prince Consort. Uncertain of how the Prince Consort's widow, Queen Victoria, would take the news of the birth, the Prince of Wales wrote to the Duke of York that the Queen had been "rather distressed". Two days he wrote again: "I think it would gratify her if you yourself proposed the name Albert to her".
Queen Victoria was mollified by the proposal to name the new baby Albert, wrote to the Duchess of York: "I am all impatience to see the new one, born on such a sad day but rather more dear to me as he will be called by that dear name, a byword for all, great and good". He was baptised "Albert Frederick Arthur George" at St. Mary Magdalene's Church near Sandringham three months later. Within the family, he was known informally as "Bertie", his maternal grandmother, the Duchess of Teck, did not like the first name the baby had been given, she wrote prophetically that she hoped the last name "may supplant the less favoured one". Albert was fourth in line to the throne at birth, after his grandfather and elder brother, Edward, he suffered from ill health and was described as "easily frightened and somewhat prone to tears". His parents were removed from their children's day-to-day upbringing, as was the norm in aristocratic families of that era, he had a stammer. Although left-handed, he was forced to write with his right hand, as was common practice at the time.
He suffered from chronic stomach problems as well as knock knees, for which he was forced to wear painful corrective splints. Queen Victoria died on 22 January 1901, the Prince of Wales succeeded her as King Edward VII. Prince Albert moved up to third in line after his father and elder brother. From 1909, Albert attended Osborne, as a naval cadet. In 1911 he came bottom of the class in the final examination, but despite this he progressed to the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth; when his grandfather, Edward VII, died in 1910, Albert's father became King George V. Edward became Prince of Wales, with Albert second in line to the throne. Albert spent the first six months of 1913 on the training ship HMS Cumberland in the West Indies and on the east coast of Canada, he was rated as a midshipman aboard HMS Collingwood on 15 September 1913, spent three months in the Mediterranean. His fellow officers gave him the nickname "Mr. Johnson"; the First World War broke out a year after his commission. Three weeks after the outbreak of war he was medically evacuated from the ship to Aberdeen where his appendix was removed by Sir John Marnoch.
He was mentioned in despatches for his action as a turret officer aboard Collingwood i
Away from Her
Away from Her is a 2007 Canadian independent drama film written and directed by Sarah Polley and starring Julie Christie and Gordon Pinsent in leading roles. Olympia Dukakis, Michael Murphy, Wendy Crewson, Alberta Watson, Kristen Thomson are featured in supporting roles; the feature film directorial debut of Polley, it is based on Alice Munro's short story "The Bear Came Over the Mountain", from the 2001 collection Hateship, Courtship, Marriage. The story centers on a couple whose marriage is tested when the wife begins to develop Alzheimer's and moves into a nursing home, where she loses all memory of her husband and begins to develop a close relationship with another nursing home resident. Away from Her premiered at the 2006 Toronto International Film Festival, Sundance Film Festival and the Berlin International Film Festival, it was theatrically released on May 4, 2007 and garnered critical acclaim, with critics praising Christie's performance and Polley's screenplay and direction. The film received two nominations at the 80th Academy Awards: Best Actress and Best Adapted Screenplay.
It won seven Genie Awards, including Best Motion Picture. Grant and Fiona are a retired married couple living in rural Brant Ontario. Fiona begins to lose her memory, it becomes apparent she has Alzheimer's disease. Throughout the film, Grant's reflections on his marriage are woven with his reflections on his own infidelities, influence his eventual decisions regarding Fiona's happiness; when she feels she is becoming a risk to herself, Fiona decides to check into a nursing home, where one of the rules is that a patient cannot have any visitors for the first 30 days, in order to "adjust". Despite being wary of this policy, Grant agrees at the insistence of his wife. During the drive to the home, Fiona acknowledges Grant's past infidelity while he was a university professor. Despite the awkward situation, the couple makes love one last time before separating; when the 30-day period ends, Grant goes to visit his wife again, only to find she has forgotten him, turned her affections to Aubrey, a mute man in a wheelchair who has become her "coping partner" in the facility.
A caregiver at the facility gives him some advice and support. While seeing his wife grow closer to Aubrey, Grant becomes an unhappy voyeur when visiting his wife at the nursing home; as time goes by and Fiona still does not remember him, Grant wonders whether Fiona's dementia is an act, to punish him for his past indiscretions. After some time, Aubrey's wife Marian removes him from the home due to financial difficulties; this causes Fiona to sink into a deep depression, with her physical well-being appearing to deteriorate. Grant is touched by this, visits Marian in an effort to allow Fiona to see Aubrey again, he would rather see his wife happy with another man than miserable and alone. Marian refuses, but the meeting leads to a tentative relationship between her and Grant; as time passes, Grant continues to visit both Marian. He succeeds in taking Aubrey back to visit his wife, but in his "moment alone" before he brings Aubrey into Fiona's room, Fiona temporarily remembers him and the love she has for him.
They embrace. Sarah Polley read the short story "The Bear Came Over the Mountain" in The New Yorker when she was on a flight from working on Hal Hartley's No Such Thing in Iceland. Polley claimed to be impressed by Alice Munro's piece, saying "I found it so moving and poignant and it went so deep in me", she envisioned her No Such Thing co-star Julie Christie as Fiona. At that point of Polley's career, she had acted and had directed numerous short films, while the Munro adaptation would be her first feature film as director. Although Polley said Christie liked the story, it was still challenging to persuade Christie to star given her desire to semi-retire, she was secured after seven months of negotiation. Atom Egoyan, who directed Polley in films such as The Sweet Hereafter, served as executive producer, he advised her on directing, telling her "the actor is the only person, doing something genuinely magical on set- and that has to be protected at all costs". Principal photography was underway in Ontario in February 2006, scheduled to take place to April 7.
Most of the shooting occurred in Kitchener, with some filming in Brant, Paris and Toronto. For the nursing home scenes, Freeport Health Centre in King Street East, Kitchener was used; the actors and 60 crew members spent two weeks on an unused floor. The film premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival in September 2006, it was afterwards featured in the Berlin International Film Festival. In the United Kingdom, Away from Her opened on 27 April 2007. Distributed by Lions Gate Films, the film opened in New York City on 4 May 2007. Mongrel Media and Capri Releasing released the film in Canada on 4 May; the DVD release of the film included Polley's 2001 short film I Shout Love as a bonus feature. By 8 June 2007, Mongrel Media and Capri Releasing reported the film had grossed $1 million in Canada, it was the first English Canadian film to cross the $1 million threshold in Canada in 2007. It made an additional $2 million in the U. S; the film finished its run on 19 July 2007 after grossing $4,571,521 in North America.
It made $4,622,762 in other territories, for a worldwide total of $9,194,283. The film received widespread acclaim from critics; as of January 6, 2008, the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reported that 95% of critics gave the film positive reviews, based on 128 reviews. Metacritic reported the film had an average score of 88 out of 100 signifying'universal acclaim' based on 36 reviews. In Canada, the Toronto International F
Michael Fassbender is an Irish-German actor. His feature film debut was in the fantasy war epic 300 as a Spartan warrior, he first came to prominence for his role as IRA activist Bobby Sands in Hunger, for which he won a British Independent Film Award. Subsequent roles include in the independent film Fish Tank, as a Royal Marines lieutenant in Inglourious Basterds, as Edward Rochester in the 2011 film adaptation of Jane Eyre, as Carl Jung in A Dangerous Method, as the sentient android David 8 in Prometheus and its sequel, Alien: Covenant, in the musical comedy-drama Frank as an eccentric musician loosely inspired by Frank Sidebottom. In 2011, Fassbender debuted as the Marvel Comics supervillain Magneto in X-Men: First Class, went on to share the role with Ian McKellen in X-Men: Days of Future Past, reprised it again in X-Men: Apocalypse. In 2011, Fassbender's performance as a sex addict in Shame earned him the Volpi Cup for Best Actor at the Venice Film Festival and was nominated for Golden Globe and BAFTA Awards.
In 2013, his role as slave owner Edwin Epps in the slavery epic 12 Years a Slave was praised, earning him his first Oscar nomination for Best Supporting Actor. In 2013, Fassbender appeared in The Counselor. In 2015, he portrayed the title role in the Danny Boyle-directed biopic Steve Jobs, played Macbeth in Justin Kurzel's adaptation of William Shakespeare's play. For the former, he received BAFTA, Golden Globe and SAG nominations. In 2015, he produced the western Slow West, in which he starred. Fassbender was born on 2 April 1977 in Baden-Württemberg, his mother, Adele, is Irish, while Josef Fassbender, is German. According to Fassbender family lore, his mother is the great-grand-niece of Michael Collins, an Irish leader during the War of Independence; when Fassbender was two years old, his parents moved to the Irish town of Killarney, County Kerry, where they ran the West End House, a restaurant where his father worked as a chef. His parents moved to Kerry as they wanted their children to grow up in the countryside rather than the industrial backdrop of their previous residence in Germany.
Fassbender was raised Catholic, served as an altar boy at the church his family attended. He has an older sister, a neuropsychologist. Fassbender and his sister spent summer holidays in Germany, he speaks German fluently, though he stated before filming Inglourious Basterds that he had needed to brush up a bit on his spoken German because "it was a bit rusty", he attended St. Brendan's College, both in Killarney, he decided. At 19, he moved to London to study at the Drama Centre London, a constituent school of Central Saint Martins. In 1999, he dropped out of the Drama Centre and toured with the Oxford Stage Company to perform the play Three Sisters. Before he found work as an actor, he worked as a postman. Other jobs include market research for the Royal Mail and working for Dell computers. Fassbender's first screen role was that of Burton "Pat" Christenson in Tom Hanks and Steven Spielberg's award-winning television miniseries Band of Brothers, he played the character of Azazeal in both series of Hex on Sky One and starred as the main character in the music video for the song "Blind Pilots" by the British band The Cooper Temple Clause.
In the video, he plays the part of a man out with friends on a stag night who transforms into a goat due to wearing a cowbell necklace. Fassbender played Jonathan Harker in a ten-part radio serialisation of Dracula produced by BBC Northern Ireland and broadcast in the Book at Bedtime series between 24 November and 5 December 2003, he was seen in early 2004 in a Guinness television commercial, The Quarrel, playing a man who swims across the ocean from Ireland to apologise to his brother in New York. During the 2006 Edinburgh Festival Fringe, Fassbender played Michael Collins, his great-great-grand-uncle, in Allegiance, a play by Mary Kenny based on the meeting between Collins and Winston Churchill. In addition, Fassbender produced and starred in a stage version of Quentin Tarantino's Reservoir Dogs, along with his production company, he appeared in Angel, about the rise and fall of an eccentric young British writer in the early 20th century. Fassbender plays her love interest, an average painter named Esmé.
The drama—the first English-language effort by French director François Ozon and based on the novel by Elizabeth Taylor—premiered on 17 February 2007 at the Berlin International Film Festival and on 14 March 2007 in Paris. He made a brief appearance in Dean Cavanagh and Irvine Welsh's Wedding Belles as Barney, speaking with a Scottish accent. In 2006, Fassbender played Stelios, a young Spartan warrior, in 300, a fantasy action film directed by Zack Snyder; the film was a commercial success. In preparation for his role as Provisional Irish Republican Army prisoner Bobby Sands in Steve McQueen's 2008 film Hunger, Fassbender underwent a crash diet that restricted him to 600 calories a day, he received the British Independent Film Award for his performance. One year after his success at the Cannes Film Festival with Hunger, he appeared in two films; the first was Quentin Tarantino's Inglourious Basterds, in which h