Luis Buñuel Portolés was a Spanish filmmaker who worked in Spain and France. When Buñuel died at age 83, his obituary in The New York Times called him "an iconoclast and revolutionary, a leader of avant-garde surrealism in his youth and a dominant international movie director half a century later", his first picture, Un Chien Andalou—made in the silent era—was called "the most famous short film made" by critic Roger Ebert, his last film, That Obscure Object of Desire—made 48 years later—won him Best Director awards from the National Board of Review and the National Society of Film Critics. Writer Octavio Paz called Buñuel's work "the marriage of the film image to the poetic image, creating a new reality...scandalous and subversive". Associated with the surrealist movement of the 1920s, Buñuel created films from the 1920s through the 1970s, his work spans two continents, three languages, an array of genres, including experimental film, melodrama, musical, comedy, costume dramas, crime film and western.
Despite this variety, filmmaker John Huston believed that, regardless of genre, a Buñuel film is so distinctive as to be recognizable, or, as Ingmar Bergman put it, "Buñuel nearly always made Buñuel films". Six of Buñuel's films are included in Sight & Sound's 2012 critics' poll of the top 250 films of all time. Fifteen of his films are included in the They Shoot Pictures, Don't They? List of the 1,000 greatest films of all time, for which he ranks second only to Jean-Luc Godard, with sixteen, he ranks number 13 on their list of the top 250 directors. Buñuel was born in Calanda, a small town in the province of Teruel, in the Aragon region of Spain, to Leonardo Buñuel, the cultivated scion of an established Aragonese family, María Portolés, many years younger than her husband, with wealth and family connections of her own, he would describe his birthplace by saying that in Calanda, "the Middle Ages lasted until World War I". The oldest of seven children, Luis had two brothers and Leonardo, four sisters: Alicia, Concepción, Margarita and María.
When Buñuel was four and a half months old, the family moved to Zaragoza, where they were one of the wealthiest families in town. In Zaragoza, Buñuel received a strict Jesuit education at the private Colegio del Salvador. After being kicked and insulted by the study hall proctor before a final exam, Buñuel refused to return to the school, he told his mother he had been expelled, not true. Buñuel finished the last two years of his high school education at the local public school; as a child, Buñuel was something of a cinematic showman. He excelled at boxing and playing the violin. In his youth, Buñuel was religious, serving at Mass and taking Communion every day, until, at the age of 16, he grew disgusted with what he perceived as the illogicality of the Church, along with its power and wealth. In 1917, he attended the University of Madrid, first studying agronomy industrial engineering and switching to philosophy, he developed a close relationship with painter Salvador Dalí and poet Federico García Lorca, among other important Spanish creative artists living in the Residencia de Estudiantes, with the three friends forming the nucleus of the Spanish Surrealist avant-garde, becoming known as members of "La Generación del 27".
Buñuel was taken with Lorca writing in his autobiography: "We liked each other instantly. Although we seemed to have little in common—I was a redneck from Aragon, he an elegant Andalusian—we spent most of our time together... We used to sit on the grass in the evenings behind the Residencia, he would read me his poems, he read and beautifully, through him I began to discover a wholly new world." Buñuel's relationship with Dalí was somewhat more troubled, being tinged with jealousy over the growing intimacy between Dalí and Lorca and resentment over Dalí's early success as an artist. Since he was 17, he dated the future poet and dramatist Concha Méndez, with whom he vacationed every summer at San Sebastián, he introduced her to his friends at the Residencia as his fiancée. After five years, she broke off the relationship, citing Buñuel's "insufferable character". During his student years, Buñuel became an accomplished hypnotist, he claimed that once, while calming a hysterical prostitute through hypnotic suggestion, he inadvertently put one of the several bystanders into a trance as well.
He was to insist that watching movies was a form of hypnosis: "This kind of cinematographic hypnosis is no doubt due to the darkness of the theatre and to the changing scenes and camera movements, which weaken the spectator's critical intelligence and exercise over him a kind of fascination."Buñuel's interest in films was intensified by a viewing of Fritz Lang's Der müde Tod: "I came out of the Vieux Colombier transformed. Images did become for me the true means of expression. I decided to devote myself to the cinema". At age 72, Buñuel had not lost his enthusiasm for this film, asking the octogenarian Lang for his autograph. In 1925 Buñuel moved to Paris, where he began work as a secretary in an organization called the International Society of Intellectual Cooperation, he became involved in cinema and theater, going to the movies as as three times a day. Through these interests, he met a
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole. The city has 3.3 million inhabitants and a metropolitan area population of 6.5 million. It is the third-largest city in the European Union, smaller than only London and Berlin, its monocentric metropolitan area is the third-largest in the EU, smaller only than those of London and Paris; the municipality covers 604.3 km2. Madrid lies on the River Manzanares in the Community of Madrid; as the capital city of Spain, seat of government, residence of the Spanish monarch, Madrid is the political and cultural centre of the country. The current mayor is Manuela Carmena from the party Ahora Madrid; the Madrid urban agglomeration has the third-largest GDP in the European Union and its influence in politics, entertainment, media, science and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities. Madrid is home to Real Madrid and Atlético Madrid. Due to its economic output, high standard of living, market size, Madrid is considered the leading economic hub of the Iberian Peninsula and of Southern Europe.
It hosts the head offices of the vast majority of major Spanish companies, such as Telefónica, IAG or Repsol. Madrid is the 10th most liveable city in the world according to Monocle magazine, in its 2017 index. Madrid houses the headquarters of the World Tourism Organization, belonging to the United Nations Organization, the Ibero-American General Secretariat, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Public Interest Oversight Board, it hosts major international regulators and promoters of the Spanish language: the Standing Committee of the Association of Spanish Language Academies, headquarters of the Royal Spanish Academy, the Cervantes Institute and the Foundation of Urgent Spanish. Madrid organises fairs such as ARCO, SIMO TCI and the Madrid Fashion Week. While Madrid possesses modern infrastructure, it has preserved the look and feel of many of its historic neighbourhoods and streets, its landmarks include the Royal Palace of Madrid. Cibeles Palace and Fountain have become one of the monument symbols of the city.
مجريط Majrīṭ is the first documented reference to the city. It is recorded in Andalusi Arabic during the al-Andalus period; the name Magerit was retained in Medieval Spanish. The most ancient recorded name of the city "Magerit" comes from the name of a fortress built on the Manzanares River in the 9th century AD, means "Place of abundant water" in Arabic. A wider number of theories have been formulated on possible earlier origins. According to legend, Madrid was founded by Ocno Bianor and was named "Metragirta" or "Mantua Carpetana". Others contend that the original name of the city was "Ursaria", because of the many bears that were to be found in the nearby forests, together with the strawberry tree, have been the emblem of the city since the Middle Ages, it is speculated that the origin of the current name of the city comes from the 2nd century BC. The Roman Empire established a settlement on the banks of the Manzanares river; the name of this first village was "Matrice". Following the invasions carried out by the Germanic Sueves and Vandals, as well as the Sarmatic Alans during the 5th century AD, the Roman Empire no longer had the military presence required to defend its territories on the Iberian Peninsula, as a consequence, these territories were soon occupied by the Vandals, who were in turn dispelled by the Visigoths, who ruled Hispania in the name of the Roman emperor taking control of "Matrice".
In the 8th century, the Islamic conquest of the Iberian Peninsula saw the name changed to "Mayrit", from the Arabic term ميرا Mayra and the Ibero-Roman suffix it that means'place'. The modern "Madrid" evolved from the Mozarabic "Matrit", still in the Madrilenian gentilic. Although the site of modern-day Madrid has been occupied since prehistoric times, there are archaeological remains of Carpetani settlement, Roman villas, a Visigoth basilica near the church of Santa María de la Almudena and three Visigoth necropoleis near Casa de Campo, Tetúan and Vicálvaro, the first historical document about the existence of an established settlement in Madrid dates from the Muslim age. At the second half of the 9th century, Emir Muhammad I of Córdoba built a fortress on a headland near the river Manzanares, as one of the many fortresses he ordered to be built on the border between Al-Andalus and the kingdoms of León and Castile, with the objective of protecting Toledo from the Christian invasions and as a starting point for Muslim offensives.
After the disintegration of t
Torremolinos is a municipality in Andalusia, southern Spain, west of Málaga. A poor fishing village before the growth in tourism began in the late 1950s, Torremolinos was the first of the Costa del Sol resorts to be developed and is still the most popular in the region. On the western shore of the Bay of Málaga and in front of the Sierra de Mijas 13 km from Málaga, it is served by the A-7 motorway, which bypasses the city to the north, the Cercanías commuter train and Avanzabus. In 2013, it had 69,389 inhabitants; the township has an area of 20 km2 and a population density of 3153.85 inhabitants/km2, multiplied during the summer months. It is popular with British and Scandinavian tourists and has a large British expatriate population. Areas of the town are spotted with older high-rise residential buildings and hotels but height limits on new developments and a significant number of original old town properties have kept the town centre much more open than other popular resorts such as Benidorm and Fuengirola.
As the name Coast of the Sun implies, Torremolinos enjoys one of the best climates in Europe. It has long dry summers with low humidity, mild winters with occasional, though heavy, rainfall; the town benefits in the summer from cool sea breezes predominately coming from Africa although this does mean a fair amount of Sahara dust. Temperatures hover around 30 °C in the summer and the upper teens in the winter. Torremolinos, like San Francisco, sometimes experiences a sea fog that goes as as it appears; the beach which extends for nearly 8 kilometres, has cycle and skating lanes alongside the illuminated promenade and features many chiringuitos and beach bars. The eastern end of the beach, known as Los Alamos, has live dance music events throughout the summer; the easternmost parts of the beach have kite surfing and windsurfing except under the flight path of the airport. There are two separate beach lifts, a wheelchair accessible footpath and steps from the town centre to the beach. Though there are many parking spaces on the beach road, it is impossible to park in the summer months.
The town centre does have many underground car parks however. In addition to its tourism sector, Torremolinos is known locally for its vibrant and liberal nightlife its numerous bars and clubs catering to the LGBT community. Torremolinos hosted World Pride in 2017 in conjunction with Madrid and holds its own Pride in June, now the third largest in Spain. In addition Torremolinos hosts MadBear which caters to bears, Delice Dream, Wonder Beach and the Los Alamos Beach Music Festival. Archaeological finds including human bones and pottery prove that the Torremolinos area was settled as early as the Neolithic Age; some remnants are neanderthalians and dated 150,000 years old by radiocarbon dating. According to the Egyptian Greek geographer Ptolemy, the Phoenicians had founded here a colony named Saduce, but the Romans are the most to have founded the current town, as shown by findings of edifices and a necropolis, they built the road joining Cadiz with Málaga, passing through Torremolinos. With the Moorish conquest of Spain, the mills, from which the town takes its name, were introduced.
However, at the time the population was reduced. After the fall of Granada, the town remained subject to North African pirate attacks which lasted from the 18th century. A document dated 1769 lists a town population of 106; the mills and the city were rebuilt in the early 20th century, but the mill industry started to decline in the 1920s. It was replaced by an increasing tourist interest from 1928 British visitors. Hotel Pez Espada opened in 1960; the first gay bar in Spain, Toni's Bar, was founded in Torremolinos in 1962. The Spanish regime reacted to the free lifestyle of the city with arrests of homosexuals and other repressions during the 1970s. Torremolinos first appeared on the map of the Ensenada's Marques in 1748; the name comes from the words Molino. Water mills covered all this area of which only one survives and one tower which forms part of a restaurant. Historians believe that moulded stones discovered at beaches and mountains in Torremolinos indicate the existence of the village 150000 years ago.
Further evidence of its pre-history are nine skulls, some bones, clay pots, axe heads and arrows, ornaments of necklaces and bracelets, a ring and some animal bones discovered in the excavations of the caves: cueva del Tesoro, cueva tapada, cueva del encanto, cueva del tejón. The study of these items places them at the Neolithic in the Quaternary period, around 5.000 years before Christ at the period when man learned to cultivate, the land. It is estimated that the skeletons found at the caves and at the cape of Torremolinos were 1.5 or 1.6 meters tall. According to Ptolemy, Phoenicians built the city of Saduce next to Torremolinos; the Romans constructed a road to connect Gades with Malaca. In the 1990s a Roman necropolis was discovered with 23 graves at the "San Luis build" at Cantabria's square, which confirm the existence of village with 2000 years old. Around 1300, the Muslim dynasty of the "Nazríes", which governed Málaga between the 13th and 15th centuries, built the defensive tower that can be seen at the end of San M
El Gran Wyoming
José Miguel Monzón Navarro, better known as El Gran Wyoming or Guayo, is a Spanish television presenter, musician and humorist. He graduated in Medicine and was a doctor in the town of Buitrago del Lozoya for a short period of time, he has hosted several programs such as Silencio se juega, La noche se mueve and El peor programa de la semana. Televisión Española refused to broadcast the last episode of the latter because of an interview with the writer Quim Monzó, in which a joke was made about the employment situation of the King's daughter; the official reason given was low ratings of the program. In 1995 he returned to TV on the private channel Telecinco, he presented Caiga quien caiga from 1996 to 2002. He was firstly critical of the last Felipe Gonzalez's socialist government and against the conservative government of José María Aznar. In 2004 he obtained another program in Televisión Española: La azotea de Wyoming. On 4 March 2005 it was moved from Wednesday to Sundays due to the low ratings, in 14 March it was cancelled.
Since 2006 he presents El Intermedio on laSexta, has been the scourge of PP by systematically reporting all problems of corruption within the ruling party. 1990, Un vago, dos vagos, tres vagos. Ed. Temas de Hoy. ISBN 84-7880-885-X 1993, Te quiero personalmente. Editorial Anagrama. ISBN 978-84-339-1494-1 1997, Las aventuras del mapache. Ed. Alfaguara. ISBN 84-204-5700-0 2000, Janos, el niño que soñaba despierto. Ed. Agruparte. Colección de Cuentos Musicales "La mota de polvo" ISBN 978-84-95423-10-8 2013, No estamos locos. Planeta. ISBN 9788408118657 2014, No estamos solos. Planeta. ISBN 9788408131557 2016, ¡De rodillas, Monzón!. Planeta. ISBN 9788408154921
Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro Gómez is a Mexican filmmaker, author and former special effects makeup artist. He is best known for the Academy Award-winning fantasy films Pan's Labyrinth and The Shape of Water, winning the Academy Award for Best Director and the Academy Award for Best Picture for the latter. Throughout his career, del Toro has shifted between personal, lower-budget Spanish language films, such as Cronos and The Devil's Backbone, Hollywood tentpoles, including Mimic, Blade II, Hellboy II: The Golden Army, Pacific Rim, he directed the gothic romance film Crimson Peak. As a producer, he worked on the films The Orphanage, Don't Be Afraid of the Dark, The Hobbit film series, The Book of Life, Pacific Rim: Uprising. With Chuck Hogan, he co-authored The Strain trilogy of novels adapted into a comic-book series and a live-action television series. With DreamWorks Animation, he created the Netflix animated series Trollhunters, the first installment of the Tales of Arcadia trilogy, based on the 2015 novel he co-wrote with Daniel Kraus.
Working with DreamWorks he executive produced Kung Fu Panda 2, Puss in Boots, Rise of the Guardians, Kung Fu Panda 3. Del Toro's work has been characterized by a strong connection to fairy tales and horror, with an effort to infuse visual or poetic beauty in the grotesque, he has had a lifelong fascination with monsters. He is known for his use of insectile and religious imagery, the themes of Catholicism and celebrating imperfection and clockwork motifs, practical special effects, dominant amber lighting and his frequent collaborations with actors Ron Perlman and Doug Jones, he is good friends with fellow Mexican filmmakers Alfonso Cuarón and Alejandro G. Iñárritu, collectively known as "The Three Amigos of Cinema". Del Toro was born in Guadalajara, Mexico, the son of Guadalupe Gómez and Federico del Toro Torres, an automotive entrepreneur, he was raised in a strict Catholic household. Del Toro studied at the Centro de Investigación y Estudios Cinematográficos, at the University of Guadalajara.
When del Toro was about eight years old, he began experimenting with his father's Super 8 camera, making short films with Planet of the Apes toys and other objects. One short focused on a "serial killer potato" with ambitions of world domination. Del Toro made about 10 short films before his first feature, including one titled Matilde, but only the last two, Doña Lupe and Geometria, have been made available, he wrote four episodes and directed five episodes of the cult series La Hora Marcada, along with other Mexican filmmakers such as Emmanuel Lubezki and Alfonso Cuarón. Del Toro studied special make-up with special-effects artist Dick Smith, he formed his own company, Necropia. He co-founded the Guadalajara International Film Festival. In his directing career, he formed his own production company, the Tequila Gang. In 1997, at the age of 33, Guillermo was given a $30 million budget from Miramax Films to shoot another film, Mimic, he was unhappy with the way Miramax had treated him during production, which led to his friend James Cameron coming to blows with Miramax co-founder and owner Harvey Weinstein during the 70th Academy Awards.
Del Toro has directed a wide variety of films, from comic book adaptations to historical fantasy and horror films, two of which are set in Spain in the context of the Spanish Civil War under the authoritarian rule of Francisco Franco. These two films, The Devil's Backbone and Pan's Labyrinth, are among his most critically acclaimed works, they share similar settings and themes with the 1973 Spanish film The Spirit of the Beehive considered to be the finest Spanish film of the 1970s. Del Toro views the horror genre as inherently political, explaining, "Much like fairy tales, there are two facets of horror. One is pro-institution, the most reprehensible type of fairy tale: Don't wander into the woods, always obey your parents; the other type of fairy tale is anarchic and antiestablishment."He is close friends with two other prominent and critically praised Mexican filmmakers Alfonso Cuarón and Alejandro González Iñárritu. The three influence each other's directorial decisions, have been interviewed together by Charlie Rose.
Cuarón was one of the producers of Pan's Labyrinth. The three filmmakers, referred to as the "Three Amigos" founded the production company Cha Cha Cha Films, whose first release was 2008's Rudo y Cursi. Del Toro has contributed to the web series Trailers from Hell. In April 2008, del Toro was hired by Peter Jackson to direct the live-action film adaptation of J. R. R. Tolkien's The Hobbit. On May 30, 2010, del Toro left the project due to extended delays brought on by MGM's financial troubles. Although he did not direct the films, he is credited as co-writer in An Unexpected Journey, The Desolation of Smaug and The Battle of the Five Armies. On December 1, 2008, del Toro expressed interest in a stop-motion remake to Roald Dahl's novel The Witches, collaborating with Alfonso Cuarón. On June 19, 2018 it was announced that Del Toro and Cuarón would instead be attached as Executive Producers on the remake with Robert Zemeckis helming the project as Director and Screenwriter. On June 2, 2009, del Toro's first novel, The Strain, was released.
It is the first par
Santiago Segura Silva is a Spanish actor, screenwriter and producer of Spanish cinema, popular for its pentalogy film series Torrente. He worked to a lesser extent as a TV presenter, voice actor and comic writer, as well as being an original collector. At 12, he began making films with a Super-8 camera, after a recommendation from Fernando Trueba, began to make films in 35 mm, funded by his appearances in TV game shows. Fame would come with his first feature, Torrente, el brazo tonto de la ley, to be followed by numerous sequels that would make it the highest grossing Spanish film series. Santiago was born in the Carabanchel neighbourhood in Madrid. After studying Arts at the Complutense University of Madrid, he decided to pursue a career as a filmmaker and in 1989 he directed the short Relatos de medianoche with a budget of 7000 pesetas. In 1992 he went on to direct his first professional short Evilio, followed with Perturbado in 1993. Segura is a recurring protagonist in the works of directors Alex de la Iglesia and Guillermo del Toro.
In 1993, he had a small role in Alex de la Iglesia's film Acción mutante. Two years he starred in El día de la Bestia, from the same director and that role made him famous in Spain. In 1998 he directed the film that brought him to stardom, Torrente: El brazo tonto de la ley, in which he acted as the lead character José Luis Torrente, a sleazy crime-fighter, its popularity led to a computer game. Torrente 2: Misión en Marbella made €22,838,500 at the Spanish box office, becoming the highest grossing Spanish film of all time. Torrente 3: El protector, the third film in the series, was released in September 2005, its advertising campaign parodied Batman Begins, using the phrase "Torrente Acabado". Although he declared Torrente 3: El protector would be the last of the Torrente series, Torrente 4 was released in 2011. In 2010, he played the title role in El gran Vázquez, based on the life of the legendary cartoonist/wastrel Manuel Vázquez Gallego. In 2014 he released Torrente V: Operación Eurovegas with Alec Baldwin as guest star, was the top release of 2014 in Spain.
He has since made his way into American culture by making appearances in movies such as Pacific Rim, Hellboy II: The Golden Army and Blade II, Perdita Durango and Jill and Agent Cody Banks 2: Destination London. He has dubbed video games to Spanish, like Jack Black's role in Brütal Legend; because of his success, Santiago Segura has become a producer. He owns Amiguetes Entertainment company, he is associated with the theater in Estación del Norte in Madrid, has produced Promedio rojo and Aquí mando yo... Y punto com. In 2018 he appeared in the third season of MasterChef Celebrity, he was the 6th contestant to be eliminated. Sin Rodeos Santiago Segura on IMDb
Torrente 2: Misión en Marbella
Torrente 2: Misión en Marbella is a 2001 Spanish dark comedy. The film is the sequel to Torrente, el brazo tonto de la ley, like the first film, it was written and directed by Santiago Segura who takes the leading role of José Luis Torrente. Torrente has moved to Marbella, after being wiped out of the money he had gained, he has returned to private investigation, but in one of his cases he gets involved in the middle of a villain's missile plot to destroy the city and his own uncle's blackmail operation... and he knows nothing. Santiago Segura as José Luis Torrente Gabino Diego as Cuco Tony Leblanc as Mauricio Torrente José Luis Moreno as Spinelli Inés Sastre as Bella cantante Arturo Valls as Fabiano Juanito Navarro as Alcalde de Marbella Eloi Yebra as Gayolo Rosanna Walls as Robertson Carolina Bona as Lolita Paloma Cela as Casera José Luis López Vázquez as Guijarro Manuel Barragán as Himself To note the participation of the tennis player Carlos Moya which makes an appearance as professor of tennis Marbella Madrid Málaga Yunquera de Henares Spain - 30 March 2001 Iceland - 22 February 2002 Argentina - 8 March 2002 Hungary - 7 July 2004 Torrente, Misión en Marbella on IMDb