Bust of Cuauhtémoc
The bust of Cuauhtémoc is installed in the Zócalo of Mexico City, Mexico. List of public art in Mexico City Media related to Bust to Cuauhtémoc in the Zocalo, Mexico City at Wikimedia Commons
Obelisco a los Niños Héroes
The Obelisco a los Niños Héroes is a monument installed in Chapultepec, Mexico City. The obelisk was created by architect Ramón Rodríguez Arangoity in 1884. List of public art in Mexico City Monumento a los Niños Héroes Media related to Obelisco a los Niños Héroes at Wikimedia Commons
Monument to Enrico Martínez
The monument to Enrico Martínez is installed next to the Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral and Zócalo, in the historic center of Mexico City, Mexico. List of public art in Mexico City Media related to Monument to Enrico Martínez at Wikimedia Commons
Bust of Pedro Domingo Murillo
The bust of Pedro Domingo Murillo is installed in Mexico City's American Park, in Mexico. The sculpture commemorates the bicentennial of the Bolivian revolution. List of public art in Mexico City Media related to Bust of Pedro Domingo Murillo, Mexico City at Wikimedia Commons
Naucalpan Naucalpan de Juárez, is a city and municipality located just northwest of Mexico City in the adjoining State of Mexico. The name Naucalpan comes from Nahuatl and means "place of the four neighborhoods" or "four houses." Juárez was added to the official name in 1874 in honor of Benito Juárez. The history of the area begins with the Tlatilica who settled on the edges of the Hondo River between 1700 and 600 B. C. E, but it was the Aztecs who gave it its current name when they dominated it from the 15th century until the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire. Naucalpan claims to be the area where Hernán Cortés rested on the “Noche Triste” as they fled Tenochtitlan in 1520, but this is disputed, it is the home of the Virgin of Los Remedios, a small image of the Virgin Mary, associated with the Conquest and is said to have been left here. Today, the city of Naucalpan is larger than the municipality itself, with part of it extending into neighboring Huixquilucan Municipality, it is a major center of industry in Mexico.
It is, best known as the location of Ciudad Satélite, a development from the 1960s and the site of the Toreo de Cuatro Caminos bullring, demolished. The only unurbanized areas of the municipality are the Los Remedios National Park and a number of ejidos, but the lack of housing has put serious pressure on these areas; the Valley of Mexico, of which Naucalpan is a part, has been inhabited by humans for over 20,000 years. The history of Naucalpan begins with a group called the Tlatilca who settled on the edges of the Hondo River between 1700 and 600 BCE, in what is now modern Nacaulpan and Los Cuartos. During the Preclassic period a group of Olmecs arrived and had significant influence on the dominion of Tlatilca. Tlatilca was heavily influenced by the Teotihuacan civilization. Between 1000 and 1200 CE the Chichimecas deposed their monarchy; the Pyramid del Conde was built during this time, located in. In the pre-Hispanic period, the area was governed by Tlacopan and became ethnically dominated by the Otomi.
Starting from 1428, the area was under the dominion of Tepanece de Atzcapotzalco, conquered by the Aztec Triple Alliance, who gave it the name of Naucalpan. On 30 June 1520, Hernán Cortés fled Tenochtitlan toward. According to legend, he wept under a Montezuma Cypress tree, believed by some to be located at the foot of the Otocampulco Mountain here; this is called the “Noche Triste” or "Night of Sorrows". There is dispute as to. Another legend states that during the flight of the Spanish, an image of the Virgin Mary was left under a maguey plant, where the Sanctuary of Los Remedios is today. In 1521, the fall of Tenochtitlan brought the area under Spanish control. Hernán Cortés conceded governorship of this area to Isabel Moctezuma and Alonso de Grado, naming it San Bartholome Naucalpan. Evangelization of the native peoples was carried out by the Franciscans who built the monastery of San Gabriel de Tacuba and a number of historic churches such as the Church of San Francisco de Assisi, Church of the Inmaculada Concepcion and the Church of Los Remedios.
In 1574, the Temple of San Bartolome Naucalpan was built, with the towers constructed in 1629. The area was important in colonial times for the mining of building stone and gravel, used for many constructions in Mexico City including the Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral and the National Palace. In 1810, the Virgin of the Remedios was brought here from the Mexico City Cathedral, dressed as a general, she was proclaimed as a patroness of Spain and the “guardian of the Spanish Army.” Locally, she was called a “gachupina”. She became the patroness of Naucalpan, with 450th anniversary of her finding celebrated in 1990, her sanctuary was built in 1875. In 1821, brothers Joaquin and Bernardo Miramín founded the newspaper “Diario Militar.” One of the writers for this paper was José Joaquín Fernández de Lizardi, popularly known as “El Pensador Mexicano”. The town remained a dependency of Tlalnepantla for much of the 19th century though it had become an independent municipality in 1826. Industrialization began here with the founding of the Hilados and Tejidos de Rio Hondo factory, inaugurated by Benito Juarez in 1869.
In 1899, the territory of Santa Cruz del Monte was added to the municipality. During the Mexican Revolution, Zapatista leaders Rafael Carrillo and Roman Diaz operated in the nearby Chimalpa mountains against federal forces; the Toreo de Cuatro Caminos was inaugurated in 1947. It was the icon of the city for many years, as well as the symbol of Naucalpan’s Metro station, Cuatro Caminos; the building was torn down in 2009 to make way for a commercial complex. Naucalpan was declared a city in 1957, the founding of Ciudad Satélite occurred in the same year; the project was completed in 1963. Its five signature towers were designed by Matias Goeritz. By 1975, Naucalpan had become one of the most industrialized cities in Mexico; the city of Naucalpan is larger than the municipality itself, with part of it extending into neighboring Huixquilucan Municipality. At the 2010 census its total population was 913,681 inhabitants, with 792,211 of these in Naucalpan Municipality and 121,470 in Huixquilucan Municipality.
Since cities, or localities, have no separate government, the two parts are governed from their respective municipalities. Within Naucalpan Municipality only the Los Remedios National Park and several ejidos remaining unurbanized. Over 95% of the municipality’s population lives in the city proper. The
Alchemy was an ancient branch of natural philosophy, a philosophical and protoscientific tradition practiced throughout Europe and Asia, originating in Greco-Roman Egypt in the first few centuries AD. It aims to purify and perfect certain objects. Common aims were chrysopoeia, the transmutation of "base metals" into "noble metals"; the perfection of the human body and soul was thought to permit or result from the alchemical magnum opus and, in the Hellenistic and Western mystery tradition, the achievement of gnosis. In Europe, the creation of a philosopher's stone was variously connected with all of these projects. In English, the term is limited to descriptions of European alchemy, but similar practices existed in the Far East, the Indian subcontinent, the Muslim world. In Europe, following the 12th-century Renaissance produced by the translation of Medieval Islamic works on science and the rediscovery of Aristotelian philosophy, alchemists played a significant role in early modern science.
Islamic and European alchemists developed a structure of basic laboratory techniques, theory and experimental method, some of which are still in use today. However, they continued antiquity's belief in four elements and guarded their work in secrecy including cyphers and cryptic symbolism, their work was guided by Hermetic principles related to magic and religion. Modern discussions of alchemy are split into an examination of its exoteric practical applications and its esoteric spiritual aspects, despite the arguments of scholars like Holmyard and von Franz that they should be understood as complementary; the former is pursued by historians of the physical sciences who examine the subject in terms of early chemistry and charlatanism, the philosophical and religious contexts in which these events occurred. The latter interests historians of esotericism and some philosophers and spiritualists; the subject has made an ongoing impact on literature and the arts. Despite this split, which von Franz believes has existed since the Western traditions' origin in a mix of Greek philosophy, mixed with Egyptian and Mesopotamian technology, numerous sources have stressed an integration of esoteric and exoteric approaches to alchemy as far back as Pseudo-Democritus's first-century AD On Physical and Mystical Matters.
Although alchemy is popularly associated with magic, historian Lawrence M. Principe writes: Most readers are aware of several common claims about alchemy—for example... that it is akin to magic, or that its practice or now is deceptive. These ideas about alchemy emerged after. While each of them might have limited validity within a narrow context, none of them is an accurate depiction of alchemy in general." The word alchemy comes from Old French alquemie, used in Medieval Latin as alchymia. This name was itself brought from the Arabic word al-kīmiyā' composed of two parts: the Late Greek term khēmeía, khēmía, meaning'to fuse or cast a metal', the Arabic definite article al-, meaning'The'. Together this association can be interpreted as'the process of transmutation by which to fuse or reunite with the divine or original form', its roots can be traced to the Egyptian name kēme, meaning'black earth' which refers to the fertile and auriferous soil of the Nile valley, as opposed to red desert sand.
According to the Egyptologist Wallis Budge, the Arabic word al-kīmiyaʾ means "the Egyptian ", borrowing from the Coptic word for "Egypt", kēme. This Coptic word derives from Demotic kmỉ, itself from ancient Egyptian kmt; the ancient Egyptian word referred to both the country and the colour "black". However, according to Mahn, this theory may be an example of folk etymology. Assuming an Egyptian origin, chemistry is defined as follows: Chemistry, from the ancient Egyptian word "khēmia" meaning transmutation of earth, is the science of matter at the atomic to molecular scale, dealing with collections of atoms, such as molecules and metals. Thus, according to Budge and others, chemistry derives from an Egyptian word khemein or khēmia, "preparation of black powder" derived from the name khem, Egypt. A decree of Diocletian, written about 300 AD in Greek, speaks against "the ancient writings of the Egyptians, which treat of the khēmia transmutation of gold and silver"; the Medieval Latin form was influenced by Greek chymeia meaning'mixture' and referring to pharmaceutical chemistry.
Alchemy is several philosophical traditions spanning three continents. These traditions' general penchant for cryptic and symbolic language makes it hard to trace their mutual influences and "genetic" relationships. One can distinguish at least three major strands, which appear to be independent, at least in their earlier stages: Chinese alchemy, centered in China and its zone of cultural influence. Chinese alchemy was connected to Ta
Greengates School is a British-style international school located in the Balcones de San Mateo neighbourhood in Naucalpan, located north-west of Mexico City metropolitan area, in the State of Mexico. As of 2015, it has 1,150 students of some 60 nationalities, derived from the diplomatic and international business communities. During forms 4 and 5, students study for the IGCSE examinations, while in their last two years of high school, students prepare for the International Baccalaureate Diploma; the school preserves the philosophy of its founding statement: "...to provide an education for students which seeks not only to impart knowledge by the means of acquiring knowledge. The campus is the most international area in Mexico, catering for some 60 different nationalities; the school has acquired more land, modernised its facilities and has leading edge technology, without increasing the number of students. Greengates School is nowadays regarded as more of an academic school in Mexico with satisfactory achievements in both IGCSE and IB courses.
Greengates School was founded by Edward Foulkes and his partner Frank Whitbourn in a house in Lomas de Chapultepec in 1951. The school had no uniform and only one school bus. Over the years, it moved several times to accommodate an larger enrolment; the school meant to cater to the sons of British and Commonwealth diplomats and citizens in Mexico City, was becoming more popular with wealthy Mexicans living in Lomas de Chapultepec who sought a high standard of education for their children, which they found at Greengates. In 1961, Foulkes left to start a new school, what would become the Edron Academy in the south-west region of the city. Henry Coehlo began transforming the school. Soon afterwards, Andre Desouches bought Whitbourn's stake, the Coehlo and Desouches families continue to own the majority of the school. Henry Coehlo stepped down as managing director in 2007, a post he held for over 40 years, was replaced by Dr Clarisa Desouches, university professor of sociology and the daughter of Andre Desouches.
The initial parcel of land upon which the current San Mateo campus was built was bought in 1964. The project, designed by architect Innes Webster, broke ground December 1969, with the first brick laid by HE the British Ambassador Sir Peter Hope, while Andre Desouches was headmaster; the final project was completed in 1971, although the school has undergone major renovation and expansion. A domed room, called'The Dome', used as an alternate concert venue to the gymnasium and as the biggest examination hall, was built as a third floor on top of the science laboratories in 1997. In 2001, a further six-room expansion was made at the back of the Senior Block. In 2010, a 3,000-square-metre plot of land was purchased at the end of the school to increase green spaces; the land underwent. In addition, a huge structure designed by famous organic architect Prof Javier Senosiain, named Moctezuma's Lion was placed to the right of the lawn and was designed to integrate a piece of art with a playground so children can climb and play on its stylised benches and slides, which represent the arms and body of the lion.
Kinder 1–3, as well as Junior 1, form the infant school. The Kinders finish school at 13:30, while the rest of the school ends at 14:45, they study subjects such as English. The primary school consists of the years Junior 2–5, no longer follows the PYP; the IPC has now been implemented at the school. In recent years, a number of "firsts" have been achieved. For example, the first overnight trip, the first play, first "museum" show, among other major projects. In addition, the outgoing primary schoolers enjoy an "Experience Day", where they get a taste of the life in secondary school. Forms I-III take part of the secondary School and offer traditional disciplines like mathematics, the sciences, art and English. Form IV, form V, lower VI, upper VI are the continuation and are a part of the secondary school, equivalent to a four-year high school in the American system; the third formers choose their IGCSE subjects towards the end of the year, concentrate on their options over the next two years, before becoming IGCSE candidates at the end of Form V.
Students are expected to sit eight to ten IGCSEs, must pass five in order to pursue the IB at the school. The Lower/Upper VIs study the IB, they choose six subjects according to the IB programme, many top students opt to take four higher level courses, as opposed to the standard three. Subjects offered at the IB level include French literature, Japanese literature, biology, computer science, psychology, history etc. Other subjects, such as anthropology, film studies, business & management, are offered based on teacher availability and demand from prospective candidates. There are four school houses: Whitbourne, Foulkes and Edinburgh; the first two are named in honour of the founders, the third after the first headmaster and the fourth in honour of HRH The Prince Philip, The Duke of Edinburgh, who visited the school at its original Lomas de Chapultepec location in 1965