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The torso or trunk is an anatomical term for the central part or core of many animal bodies from which extend the neck and limbs. The torso includes: the thoracic segment of the trunk, the abdominal segment of the trunk, the perineum. Most critical organs are housed within the torso. In the upper chest, the heart and lungs are protected by the rib cage, the abdomen contains most of the organs responsible for digestion: the stomach, which breaks down digested food via gastric acid; the pelvic region houses both the male and female reproductive organs. The torso harbours many of the main groups of muscles in the body, including the: pectoral muscles abdominal muscles lateral muscle epaxial muscles The organs and other contents of the torso are supplied by nerves, which originate as nerve roots from the thoracic and lumbar parts of the spinal cord; some organs receive a nerve supply from the vagus nerve. The sensation to the skin is provided by: Lateral cutaneous branches of torso|Lateral cutaneous branches Dorsal cutaneous branches Belly cast Waist Belvedere Torso

Jackie Robinson (footballer)

John Allan "Jackie" Robinson was an English footballer and player-coach. He played as an inside forward, signed for Sheffield Wednesday in 1934 at the age of 16, he went on to play for Sunderland and Lincoln City taking up managerial duties in his brief time at Lincoln. He was capped for England on four occasions, scoring three goals in doing so. Robinson's career lasted from 1935 to 1949, scoring 71 goals. Robinson lost some of his best years to the Second World War during which time he continued to play for Sheffield Wednesday in the regional wartime leagues making 109 appearances and scoring 91 goals, although these matches are not recognised in official records. John Allan Robinson was born in the village of Shiremoor on 10 August 1917, with one brother and two sisters, he excelled in sport at school, where he was a champion athlete and played on the school's rugby and football teams. He earned a county schoolboy cap in 1930, at the age of 13; as a youth he played for West Wylam, a junior team affiliated to a coal mine in the small town of Prudhoe to the west of Newcastle upon Tyne.

Despite being one of the youngest members of the team he began to make a name for himself as a fast, tricky inside forward. In 1934, Sheffield Wednesday manager Billy Walker came to watch a wing half, marking Robinson in a match against West Wylam. However, Robinson outplayed the wing half and Walker approached Robinson's parents for permission to sign the 16-year-old. Robinson joined a successful Sheffield Wednesday team, which in the 1934–35 season finished third in Division one and won the FA Cup. For the majority of the season Robinson had played for the youth team, having not turned out for the reserves when he made a surprise his first team debut on 22 April 1935 against West Bromwich Albion; this was just five days before the FA Cup final against the same team and Robinson replaced club captain Ronnie Starling, being rested for the final. Robinson had not brought his boots for the match and borrowed Starling's, he scored the goal in a 1–1 draw. Five days Robinson was a non-playing member of the Wednesday squad which beat West Bromwich 4–2 in the FA Cup final.

Conscious of his young age, Billy Walker only used Robinson in the 1935–36 season, he made just five appearances. He became a regular in the team the following season and his good form led to a call up for an England international trial at Burnley on 17 March 1937. Two months he was selected for the full England side to play Finland in Helsinki on 20 May 1937 at the age of 19 years 283 days. Sheffield Wednesday were relegated in 1937 and started the 1937–38 season in Division Two, several of the bigger clubs tried to sign Robinson but he stayed with Wednesday along with fellow international Ted Catlin. Robinson's form remained good throughout that season and he was selected for the England's sides three match tour of continental Europe in May 1938; the onset of World War II interrupted Jackie Robinson's rising career. During the war years he was stationed at Middlesbrough and continued to play for Sheffield Wednesday in the Football League North, his goal scoring record was excellent, scoring 91 goals in 109 games although the standard of play was reduced.

After the war Robinson was made club captain for Wednesday for the 1946–47 season but after just seven matches that season he was sold to Sunderland for £5,000, aged 29. His last game for Wednesday was a 0–1 defeat on 25 September 1946 against Chesterfield at Hillsborough; the reason cited for the transfer was that Robinson was training at Newcastle United on weekdays and just travelling to Sheffield for matches and the board found this unacceptable for the club captain. He played 121 official games for scoring 39 goals. If the regional wartime matches are included, he played scoring 130 times. Jackie Robinson played for three seasons at Sunderland, forming a fine attacking partnership with Len Shackleton. In total he scored 32 goals, all in the First Division. By the summer of 1949, Robinson was 32 years old and Sunderland had just signed a classy inside forward in Ivor Broadis from Carlisle United. First team opportunities seemed to be limited so he accepted the post of Player-coach at Lincoln City for the 1949–50 season.

Robinson only played in nine games for Lincoln, scoring five goals. His ninth game was on Christmas Eve 1949, a home league match in the old Division Three North against Wrexham. Robinson received a broken leg when scoring the second goal; the x-ray in Lincoln hospital revealed a complicated break and he never played competitive football again. Robinson was selected for the England's sides three match tour of continental Europe in May 1938; the first match was against Germany in Berlin on 14 May, the match was infamous because the England players were forced to give the Nazi salute. None of the England players wanted to do the salute but the British ambassador insisted to keep the crowd in a good frame of mind; the game itself resulted in a fine 6–3 victory for England with Jackie Robinson scoring twice. The England tour continued with matches against Switzerland and France, although Robinson was rested for the France match. After football Jackie Robinson became a landlord of a public house, running "The Ship" in Gateshead successfully for a few years in the 1950s.

After that he moved back to his home town of Shiremoor. Jackie died on 30 July 1972, aged 54 from cancer, having had two strokes and kidney problems. Sheffield Wednesday FA CupWinner: 1935FA Community ShieldWinner: 1935 The Jackie Robinson Story, Alan Troilett and Eric Brodie, Pickar


Betaproteobacteria are a class of gram-negative bacteria, one of the eight classes of the phylum Proteobacteria. The Betaproteobacteria are a class comprising over 400 species of bacteria. Together, the Betaproteobacteria represent a broad variety of metabolic strategies and occupy diverse environments from obligate pathogens living within host organisms to oligotrophic groundwater ecosystems. Whilst most members of the Betaproteobacteria are heterotrophic, deriving both their carbon and electrons from organocarbon sources, some are photoheterotrophic, deriving energy from light and carbon from organocarbon sources. Other genera are autotrophic, deriving their carbon from bicarbonate or carbon dioxide and their electrons from reduced inorganic ions such as nitrite, thiosulfate or sulfide — many of these chemolithoautotrophic. Betaproteobacteria are economically important, with roles in maintaining soil pH and in elementary cycling. Other economically important members of the Betaproteobacteria are able to use nitrate as their terminal electron acceptor and can be used industrially to remove nitrate from wastewater by denitrification.

A number of Betaproteobacteria are diazotrophs, meaning that they can fix molecular nitrogen from the air as their nitrogen source for growth - this is important to the farming industry as it is a primary means of ammonium levels in soils rising without the presence of leguminous plants. The Betaproteobacteria are one of the eight classes that make up the "Proteobacteria"; the Betaproteobacteria are most related to the Gammaproteobacteria, Acidithiobacillia and Hydrogenophilalia, together they make up a taxon, called "Chromatibacteria". Four orders of Betaproteobacteria are recognised — the Burkholderiales, the Neisseriales, the Nitrosomonadales and the Rhodocyclales; the name "Procabacteriales" was proposed for an order of endosymbionts of Acanthamoeba, but since they cannot be grown in culture and studies have been limited, the name has never been validly or published, thus is no more than a nickname without any standing in nomenclature. An extensive reclassification of families and orders of the class based on a polyphasic analysis was published in 2017, that removed the order Hydrogenophilales from the class and into a novel class of the "Proteobacteria", the Hydrogenophilalia.

The same study merged the former order Methylophilales into the Nitrosomonadales. The four orders of the Betaproteobactera are sub-divided into families:Burkholderiales comprises the families Burkholderiacae, Commamonadaceae and Sutterellaceae; the order Burkholderiales comprises a range of morphologies, including rods, curved rods, cocci and multicellular'tablets'. Both heterotrophs and photoheterotrophs are found along with some facultative autotrophs. Neisseriales comprises the families Chromobacteriaceae; the order Neisseriales comprises morphologies including cocci, curved rods, rods, multicellular ribbons and filaments. Most organisms are heterotrophs with some facultative chemolithoheterotrophs. Nitrosomonadales comprises the families Nitrosomonadaceae, Thiobacillaceae, Sterolibacteriacae and Gallionellaceae; the order comprises morphologies including rods and curved rods. Most organisms are chemolithoautotrophs with some methylotrophs and heterotrophs Rhodocyclales comprises the families Rhodocyclaceae and Zoogloeaceae.

Morphologies include rods, curved rods, rings and cocci. Most species in this order are heterotrophs with some chemolithoautotrophs; some members of the Betaproteobacteria can cause disease in various eukaryotic organisms, including in humans, such as members of the genus Neisseria: N. gonorrhoeae and N. meninngitides being primary examples, which cause gonorrhea and meningitis as well as Bordetella pertussis which causes whooping cough. Other members of the class can infect plants, such as Burkholderia cepacia which causes bulb rot in onions as well as Xylophilus ampelinus which causes necrosis of grapevines. Various human activities, such as fertilizer production and chemical plant usage, release significant amounts of ammonium ions into rivers and oceans. Ammonium buildup in aquatic environments is dangerous because high ammonium content can lead to eutrophication. Biological wastewater treatment systems, as well as other biological ammonium-removing methods, depend on the metabolism of various Bacteria including members of the Nitrosomonadales of the Betaproteobacteria that undergo nitrification and a wide range of organisms capable of denitrification to remove excessive ammonia from wastewater by first oxidation into nitrate and nitrite and reduction into molecular nitrogen gas, which leaves the ecosystem and is carried into the atmosphere.

Gammaproteobacteria Hydrogenophilalia Acidithiobacillia Betaproteobacteria at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings

Nostra Signora de La Salette

Nostra Signora de La Salette is a church in Rome, in the Gianicolense district, in the square Our Lady of La Salette. It was built between 1957 and 1965 to a design by architects Vivina Rizzi and Ennio Canino and dedicated to Our Lady of La Salette; the church is home parish, established June 18, 1957 with the decree of the Cardinal Vicar Clemente Micara "Neminem quidem fugit", entrusted to the Missionaries of Our Lady of La Salette, who are its owners. It is home to the "cardinal's title Our Lady of La Salette", founded by Pope Paul VI April 29, 1969. Polycarp Pengo is the incumbent cardinal-protector since 1998; the exterior is preceded by a wide staircase. The facade is divided into two terraces: the first has set the entry; the church is flanked among the highest of Rome. The interior has a central plan with brick walls. According to the Quercioli "Our Lady of La Salette by many is considered a sacred architecture cornerstone of our days. » Pope Paul VI established it as a titular church on 30 April 1969.

Alfredo Scherer, 30 April 1969 appointed- 9 March 1996 died Polycarp Pengo, 21 February 2001 appointed- present Pope Paul VI established as titular church on 30 April 1969 Nostra Signora de La Salette

Medal "Veteran of Labour"

The Medal "Veteran of Labour" was a civilian labour award of the Soviet Union established on January 18, 1974 by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR to honour workers for many years of hard work in the national economy, culture, healthcare, government agencies and public organizations. Although it only had a short eighteen years of existence, it was awarded nearly forty million times, its regulations were detailed and approved by decree number 5999-VIII of May 20, 1974. Its statute was amended by multiple successive decrees of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, first on June 8, 1977 on August 12, 1983 and lastly on December 28, 1987; the medal ceased to be awarded following the December 1991 dissolution of the Soviet Union. The Medal "Veteran of Labour" was awarded to workers for many years of hard work in the national economy, culture, healthcare, government agencies and public organizations; the medal was awarded to workers and employees in recognition of their lifelong labour on reaching the seniority required for a long-service pension or retirement age.

Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR number 5822-IX of June 8, 1977 added the rank and file and the officers of the Ministry of Internal Affairs as potential recipients under the same award criteria as the labourers mentioned in the August 12, 1983 decree. Recommendations for award were made jointly by administrators of Party and trade union organizations, enterprises and organizations based on nominations from working groups or workforce councils; the list of potential recipients was forwarded to municipal, district, or Party and government bodies for final approval. In the case of members of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the list of nominations was forwarded to the Minister of Internal Affairs for final approval. Award ceremonies of the Medal "Veteran of Labour" took place in the work place of the recipients and were made on behalf of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Union or of Autonomous Republics, the executive committees of regional and provincial Soviets, Moscow Soviet, Leningrad Soviet, or of the city Soviets of People's Deputies of the capitals of Soviet republics.

The Medal "Veteran of Labour" was worn on the left side of the chest and in the presence of other medals of the USSR after the Medal "For Valiant Labour in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945". If worn in the presence of awards of the Russian Federation, the latter have precedence; each medal came with an attestation of award, this attestation came in the form of a small 8 cm by 11 cm cardboard booklet bearing the award's name, the recipient's particulars and an official stamp and signature on the inside. The Medal "Veteran of Labour" was designed by artist SA Pomansky, it was a 34 mm in diameter circular medal struck from tombac and silver-plated and oxidised. The obverse of the medal bears the relief image of the hammer and sickle over the inscription "USSR" with diverging rays, a laurel branch spans the width of the obverse from right to left passing under the sickle's handle in an upward curve, along the lower and right circumference, a ribbon bearing the relief inscription "VETERAN OF LABOUR".

The otherwise plain reverse bears the inscription on four lines "FOR LONG DILIGENT WORK". The Medal "Veteran of Labour" was secured by a ring through the medal suspension loop to a standard Soviet pentagonal mount covered by a 24mm wide overlapping silk moiré ribbon with 1 mm wide white edge stripes and coloured from left to right by a 7 mm wide dark grey stripe, an 8 mm wide light grey stripe, three 2 mm wide red stripes separated by two 0.5 mm wide white stripes. There is a variation of the medal, being stuck in silver as opposed to tombac, but this has not yet been verified; the individuals below were all recipients of the Medal "Veteran of Labour". Test pilot Yury Garrievich Abramovich Poet and bard Evgeny Danilovich Agranovich Sculptor Zair Isaakovich Azgur Painter and architect Valery Vladimirovich Androsov Engineer Sergey Aleksandrovich Afanasyev Economist Sopubek Begaliev Aero engine engineer Vyacheslav Aleksandrovich Boguslayev Actress Elina Avraamovna Bystritskaya Stage and a film actor Yevgeny Yakovlevich Vesnik Rocket engine designer Valentin Petrovich Glushko Rocket scientist Peter Dmitrievich Grushin Mezzo-soprano singer Zara Aleksandrova Dolukhanova Actor and writer Georgiy Stepanovich Zhzhonov Theatre and cinema actor Vladimir Mikhailovich Zeldin Former Prime Minister of Russia Viktor Alekseyevich Zubkov Folk singer Lyudmila Georgievna Zykina Singer Iosif Davydovich Kobzon People's Artist of the USSR composer Quddus Khodzham'iarovich Kuzhamiyarov Director of civil aviation Nikolai Alexeyevich Kuznetsov Gymnast and Olympic medalist Larisa Semyonovna Latynina Ballerina Olga Vasilyevna Lepeshinskaya Actress Nina Evgen'evna Menshikova Historian Georg Vasilievich Myasnikov Professor of Neurology Taisiya Sergeevna Osintseva Film and television actor Viktor Pavlovich Pavlov Scientist and optics engineer Vladimir Nikolayevich Polukhin Twice Hero of the Soviet Union fighter pilot Vitaly Ivanovich Popkov Physicist Alexander Mikhaylovich Prokhorov Comic actor Mikhail Ivanovich Pugovkin Former Ukrainian Prime Minister Valeriy Pustovoitenko Actor Yevgeny Valerianovich Samoilov Football player Nikita Pavlovic Simonyan Museum director Lyudmila Andreevna Sorokina Historian Valentin Lavrentievich Yanin Composer and pianist Yakhin Rustem Mukhamet-Khazeyevich Markiel Yagudayevich Gavrielov Orders and medals of the Soviet Union Badges and Decorations of the Soviet Union Legal Library of the

The Season of Fate

The Season of Fate is a 2010 TVB television drama from Hong Kong produced by Nelson Cheung. The poor Lin Sheung-Chun was sold into the Kwan family as a concubine to help pay off her father's gambling debts. However, on the night of her marriage, her husband died. Hearing her screams, Wang Yeuk-Lam, the first wife, rushes in. Seeing her husband's dead body, she assumes Sheung-Chun is the murderer and tries to stab her, hitting her head on a table in the process. Since, Yeuk-Lam believes that she is a young girl, that Sheung-Chun is her mother, she has no memories of her previous life. Since her husband is dead, Yuek-Lam is no longer mentally stable, Sheung-Chun becomes the manager of the family bistro. There she works with her close childhood friend Leung Kau-Miu. After ten long years of working hard to earn a living, Sheung-Chun finds that the bistro no longer attracts as many customers as it used to. At this time, con-artist Ma Wing-Ching and his apprentice Lai Shi-Mui arrive in town; the two survive using cunning and lies.

They pretend to be people of Yam Fei-Yeung, a wealthy and well-known business tycoon, to get free stuff. When the pair swindle money from Sheung-Chun's bistro, she hunts down Wing-Ching and punches him, leaving him with a black eye. Thus, the rivalry between the two begin. Wing-Ching takes every available opportunity to take advantage of the Kwan family's kindness, but Sheung-Chun knows better and time and time again punishes him for his schemes; when the rich Yam Shing-Tin, comes into town, Wing-Ching tricks him into believing that he is indebted to him. The two become Shing-Tin makes Wing-Ching his right-hand man. Shing-Tin soon falls for a girl named Wong Kam-Fung, Wing-Ching is secretly behind the curtains, humorously coaching both of them; the two start out pretending that they like each other in order to get back at the other person, but they realize that they may have fallen in love with each other. Meanwhile, Yeuk-Lam mistakes Wing-Ching for his father, believing that Wing-Ching is her senior apprentice.

She finds herself remembering her old life. Her memory is restored by the reappearance of Yam Fei-Yeung, Shing-Tin's father, Yeuk-Lam's second apprentice. One night, in an attempt to make her remember her old life, Wing-Ching pretends to be executed and brings back Yeuk-Lam's memories; when she wakes up, she is confused because to her, Sheung-Chun is an evil person who killed her husband, while to everyone else who knows her, she is a kind lady who works hard for her family. Yeuk-Lam decides to pretend she is still mental until she can uncover Sheung-Chun's true disposition. Wing-Ching, Sheung-Chun, Kau-Miu discover that they were childhood friends during the time of the Qing Dynasty; the three make Wing-Ching begins to change for the better. Wing-Ching and Sheung-Chun start to fall in love. Kau-Miu secretly harbors feelings for Sheung-Chun, but decides that he should be happy for her now that she has found her true love. In the end, the true, nightmarish face of Yam Fei-Yeung is revealed. Together, the characters must stand together and they soon begin to understand the five flavors of life.

The sweet, happy times, the sour and sad times, the bitter times, the spicy, exciting times, the salty, difficult times. Lin family Yam family Kwan family Other cast TVB Anniversary Awards Nominated: Best Drama Nominated: Best Actor Nominated: Best Actress The Season of Fate - Official Website K for TVB The Season of Fate - Series Synopsis