Danish Architecture Centre
Danish Architecture Centre, DAC, is a communication and development centre for architecture in Copenhagen, Denmark. It was founded in 1985 as a collaboration between the Danish Ministry of Culture, the Ministry of Economic and Business Affairs and the Realdania foundation. Danish Architecture Centre was founded in 1985 through a collaboration between the Danish Ministry of Culture, the Ministry of Economic and Business Affairs and the Realdania foundation. It moved into the Gammel Dok building after renovation and conversion work carried out by Erik Møllers Tegnestue had been completed in 1986. The plaza in front of it was out in 1997 following the completion of neighbouring Arkitekternes Hus. The project has been designed by Rem Koolhaas with the collaboration of dUCKS scéno for scenography, DHV for acoustics studies, by means of temporary exhibitions and events, it seeks to communicate knowledge of architecture and urban planning, promoting interest by the general public. The DAC develops projects and operates various programmes promoting cooperation across the boundaries of the construction.
DACs role is to develop projects and set up, ensure financing of, the Danish Architecture Centre operates an exhibition space in its historic building and has conference and meeting rooms. Facilities include a well-stacked bookshop and a restaurant, Architecture of Denmark Danish Design Centre Official website PDF about Danish Architecture Centre
Christianshavns Torv is the central public square of the Christianshavn neighborhood in Copenhagen, Denmark. It is situated at the intersection of Torvegade and Christianshavn Canal, Christianshavns Torv traces its history back to Johan Semps 1617 plan for the layout of Christianshavn to be a fortified market town. It was originally known as Børnehustorv after Børnehuset, an orphanage which was established in 1622 on its east side. A blue-painted water post was installed in the square in 1633 and it was fed by a lead pipe which brought water all the way from Peblinge Lake on the other side of the harbour. The institution was converted into a prison. The old building was replaced by a new one designed in the Baroque style by Philip de Lange, a police station opened in the square in 1815. One of six new police stations, it covered the Christianshavn. It was based in Jacob Bastians Købmandsgård, at No,1, on the corner of the square and the canal. Langes building was demolished in the early 1860s to make way for a new building completed in 1864 to designs by Niels Sigfred Nebelong.
From 1870 it was known as Christianshavns Straffeanstalt and served as a prison for women, in 1868, the vegetable market at Amagertorv, where the Amager Women had sold their produce for centuries, was moved to Christianshavns Torv. It only existed for two decades and was in 1889 replaced by a new vegetable market which opened at Vendersgade. The coming of the new century brought change to the square, the buildings surrounding it were pulled down in the 1890s and early 1900s and replaced with new ones. Christianshavn Penitentiary was demolished in 1928 in connection with a widening of Torvegade, the Greenland Monument was created by Svend Rathsack in bluish granite from Bornholm and installed in the square in 1938. It consists of a Greenlandic hunter with his kayak, placed high on a plinth above two groups of working women, one of Copenhagens old telephone kiosks of the original model which was designed by Fritz Koch and first installed in 1896. It is hexagonal with a roof over richly decorated wooden friezes.
The square is dominated by the Modernist building Lagkagehuset, which was built on the site of the former penitentiary between 1929 and 1932 to a design by Edvard Thomsen and its name derrices from the yellow and white striped facade. Torvegården, at the corner, facing the canal, is in the Modernist style and was built between 1940 and 1941 to designs by Svend G. Høyrup. No.6 is from 1903 and was designed by an unknown architect, the building at the east side of the square, on the corner of Torvegade and Dronningensgade, is from 1900 and was designed by an unknown architect
The Behagen House is a Neoclassical townhouse located on Strandgade in the Christianshavn neighbourhood of Copenhagen, Denmark. Two houses similar to the neighbouring Sigvart Grubbe House at No.28 were built at the site by Sigvart Grubbe in 1626, in 1759, Gysbert Behagen, a wealthy merchant, acquired one of the two houses. In 1764, he obtained a licence to establish a sugar refinery in the yard. In 1768, Behagen acquired the house and in 1669 he undertook a comprehensive renovation of his properties. Behagen lived there until his death in 1783, in 1791, the house was acquired by Jeppe Prætorius, another merchant. In 1796, it was subject to another renovation, notable residents include supreme court attorney and politician Orla Lehmann who lived there in 1847-48. He was one of the fathers of the Danish constitution of 1849, carl Joakim Brandt, a priest, church historian and literary historian, lived on the ground floor in 1876-79. The painter Frants Henningsen lived on the floor in 1890–94. The central triangular pediment above the floor features a cartouche with the letter B.
The building contains a mural from about 1771 featuring a hunting scene. Christian VII revived par force hunting in August 1767 but the practice was abolished in 1777
The term Danish Realm refers to the relationship between Denmark proper, the Faroe Islands and Greenland—three countries constituting the Kingdom of Denmark. The legal nature of the Kingdom of Denmark is fundamentally one of a sovereign state. The Faroe Islands and Greenland have been part of the Crown of Denmark since 1397 when the Kalmar Union was ratified, legal matters in The Danish Realm are subject to the Danish Constitution. Beginning in 1953, state law issues within The Danish Realm has been governed by The Unity of the Realm, a less formal name for The Unity of the Realm is the Commonwealth of the Realm. In 1978, The Unity of The Realm was for the first time referred to as rigsfællesskabet. The name caught on and since the 1990s, both The Unity of The Realm and The Danish Realm itself has increasingly been referred to as simply rigsfællesskabet in daily parlance. The Danish Constitution stipulates that the foreign and security interests for all parts of the Danish Realm are the responsibility of the Danish government, the Faroes received home rule in 1948 and Greenland did so in 1979.
In 2005, the Faroes received a self-government arrangement, and in 2009 Greenland received self rule, the Danish Realms unique state of internal affairs is acted out in the principle of The Unity of the Realm. This principle is derived from Article 1 of the Danish Constitution which specifies that constitutional law applies equally to all areas of the Danish Realm, the Constitutional Act specifies that sovereignty is to continue to be exclusively with the authorities of the Realm. The language of Denmark is Danish, and the Danish state authorities are based in Denmark, the Kingdom of Denmarks parliament, with its 179 members, is located in the capital, Copenhagen. Two of the members are elected in each of Greenland and the Faroe Islands. The Government ministries are located in Copenhagen, as is the highest court, in principle, the Danish Realm constitutes a unified sovereign state, with equal status between its constituent parts. Devolution differs from federalism in that the powers of the subnational authority ultimately reside in central government.
The Self-Government Arrangements devolves political competence and responsibility from the Danish political authorities to the Faroese, the Faroese and Greenlandic authorities administer the tasks taken over from the state, enact legislation in these specific fields and have the economic responsibility for solving these tasks. The Danish government provides a grant to the Faroese and the Greenlandic authorities to cover the costs of these devolved areas. The 1948 Home Rule Act of the Faroe Islands sets out the terms of Faroese home rule, the Act states. the Faroe Islands shall constitute a self-governing community within the State of Denmark. It establishes the government of the Faroe Islands and the Faroese parliament. The Faroe Islands were previously administered as a Danish county, the Home Rule Act abolished the post of Amtmand and these powers were expanded in a 2005 Act, which named the Faroese home government as an equal partner with the Danish government
Stadsgraven is the canal which separates Christianshavn from the rest of Amager in Copenhagen, Denmark. It was originally a moat located in front of the Christianshavn Rampart as part of the citys Bastioned Ring Fortifications, Stadsgraven was created when Christianshavn was constructed in the shallow waters off Amager in the early 17th century. Apart from the main Stads canal, there is a parallel Inner Stadsgraven along its northern portion, Stadsgraven is connected to the main harbour both north and south of Christianshavn. There are four causeways and two footbridges across Stadsgraven, another dam is located at the southern mouth of the canal where it passes below Kalbebod Bastion, the southernmost of Christianshavn Ramparts 12 bastions. The last two dams are located at the end of the canal at Holmen. The two footbridges are located on each their side of Torvegade, the northern one, Dyssebroen, is located within the Freetown Christiania. The other one is a bridge located at The Panters Bastion, roughly opposite the Radisson Blu Scandinavia Hotel.
Parks and open spaces in Copenhagen Media related to Stadsgraven at Wikimedia Commons
Holmen is a water-bound neighbourhood in Copenhagen, occupying the former grounds of the Royal Naval Base and Dockyards. In spite of its name, deceptively in singular, Holmen is a congregation of small islands, forming a north-eastern extension of Christianshavn between Zealand and the northern tip of Amager. Since the early 1990s, the area has instead been redeveloped for use as a new district of the city. The area is characterized by a mixture of residential developments, creative businesses and educational institutions. Holmen is home to the Copenhagen Opera House which was completed in 2005, though technically a part of the central Indre By district of Copenhagen, being a cul-de-sac as districts go, the area has a somewhat quiet and remote reputation and feel to it. Frederiksholm is the area which has seen most new construction since Holmen naval base was closed, many new buildings have been built while old buildings from the areas naval past have been converted for new uses. The existence of Holmen originates in a wish to relocate the Danish Fleet from its home at Bremerholm.
Since the city was growing rapidly, it was no longer practical to have the fleet stationed in the center of the city, being built out of timber, the vessels constituted a major hazard. Furthermore, the sailors disposed of their garbage by throwing it directly into the harbor, in 1680, a plan was conceived to move the fleet out of the city. Responsibility for the plan was given to Admiral Niels Juel, from 1682-92 Christianshavns Vold was extended northwards to protect the area which had been chosen for the fleet. The extension had seven bastions, named for members of the Royal Family, in Carls and Wilhems Bastion, black powder depots were constructed. Built in 1688 and 1690, they are the oldest structures at Holmen, the northernmost bastion was Charlotte Amalies Bastion, and north of this two cannon batteries were established, Batteriet Quintus and Batteriet Neptunus. The latters name came from the ship which was the foundation for the battery. This battery was renamed to Christiani Sixti Batteri, or Christian VIs Battery.
Today it is known as Batteriet Sixtus or just Sixtus, the sinking of ships continued, loaded with mud from the harbor and trash from Copenhagens streets. In certain streets, there could be more than one metre of trash and this efforts gradually formed an island, which was given the name Nyholm. It was to this island that the shipyard was relocated. The first ship which was set to sea from this shipyard was the first Dannebrog in 1692, the construction of all large ships were moved to Nyholm, and at Bremerholm, now called Gammelholm, only smaller vessels were built
Copenhagen, Danish, København, Hafnia) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark. Copenhagen has an population of 1,280,371. The Copenhagen metropolitan area has just over 2 million inhabitants, the city is situated on the eastern coast of the island of Zealand, another small portion of the city is located on Amager, and is separated from Malmö, Sweden, by the strait of Øresund. The Øresund Bridge connects the two cities by rail and road, originally a Viking fishing village founded in the 10th century, Copenhagen became the capital of Denmark in the early 15th century. Beginning in the 17th century it consolidated its position as a centre of power with its institutions, defences. After suffering from the effects of plague and fire in the 18th century and this included construction of the prestigious district of Frederiksstaden and founding of such cultural institutions as the Royal Theatre and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts. Later, following the Second World War, the Finger Plan fostered the development of housing, since the turn of the 21st century, Copenhagen has seen strong urban and cultural development, facilitated by investment in its institutions and infrastructure.
The city is the cultural and governmental centre of Denmark, Copenhagens economy has seen rapid developments in the service sector, especially through initiatives in information technology and clean technology. Since the completion of the Øresund Bridge, Copenhagen has become integrated with the Swedish province of Scania and its largest city, Malmö. With a number of connecting the various districts, the cityscape is characterized by parks, promenades. Copenhagen is home to the University of Copenhagen, the Technical University of Denmark, the University of Copenhagen, founded in 1479, is the oldest university in Denmark. Copenhagen is home to the FC København and Brøndby football clubs, the annual Copenhagen Marathon was established in 1980. Copenhagen is one of the most bicycle-friendly cities in the world, the Copenhagen Metro serves central Copenhagen while the Copenhagen S-train network connects central Copenhagen to its outlying boroughs. Serving roughly 2 million passengers a month, Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup, is the largest airport in the Nordic countries, the name of the city reflects its origin as a harbour and a place of commerce.
The original designation, from which the contemporary Danish name derives, was Køpmannæhafn, meaning merchants harbour, the literal English translation would be Chapmans haven. The English name for the city was adapted from its Low German name, the abbreviations Kbh. or Kbhvn are often used in Danish for København, and kbh. for københavnsk. The chemical element hafnium is named for Copenhagen, where it was discovered, the bacterium Hafnia is named after Copenhagen, Vagn Møller of the State Serum Institute in Copenhagen named it in 1954. Excavations in Pilestræde have led to the discovery of a well from the late 12th century, the remains of an ancient church, with graves dating to the 11th century, have been unearthed near where Strøget meets Rådhuspladsen
Christianshavn is a neighbourhood in Copenhagen, Denmark. Part of the Indre By District, it is located on artificial islands between the islands of Zealand and Amager and separated from the rest of the city centre by the Inner Harbour. It was founded in the early 17th century by Christian IV as part of his extension of the fortifications of Copenhagen, originally, it was laid out as an independent privileged merchants town with inspiration from Dutch cities but it was soon incorporated into Copenhagen proper. Dominated by canals, it is the part of Copenhagen with the most nautical atmosphere, students, artists and traditional families with children live side-by-side. Administratively, Christianshavn has been part of Indre By since 2007, Christianshavn covers an area of 3.43 km², and includes three minor islands to the north, jointly referred to as Holmen. It has a population of 10,140 and a density of 2,960 per km². To the south and east Christianshavn is defined by its old ramparts, to the west Christianshavn borders on the Inner Harbour that separates it from Slotsholmen and the rest of Copenhagens city centre.
In 1612, Christian IV initiated a programme to fortify Copenhagen. During the period 1618-1623, he erected earthen embarkments with five bastions in the area between Copenhagen and the island of Amager. At the same time the idea was hatched of creating a new merchant town in the area, in 1639 the little merchant and fortress town of Christianshavn was established. However, competition from Copenhagen soon proved too strong for the little town, the fortifications were further developed with six more bastions in the 1660s, and seven more bastions between 1682-1692. Additional reinforcements occurred between 1779–1791, and again in 1810-1813, even though the fortifications around the Inner City were being dismantled in the late 19th century, Christianshavns fortifications continued in use into the 20th century. Some areas were opened up in the late 1910s-1920s, and the areas were made public space in 1961. The fortifications are a part of the fortification system around the old part of Copenhagen.
Today the area around the fortifications is a park area, Christianshavn is a lively, primarily residential area. Where the canal and the street intersects, at the centre of Christianshavn. Along the eastern shoreline of the island runs Christianshavns Vold which now serves as the principal greenspace of the neighbourhood, on the other—Rampar Sidet—side of the canal, the area is dominated by historic residential buildings and institutions. Cultural institutions include Danish Architecture Centre and the North Atlantic House and it is in this area that the Church of Our Saviour and Christiania are found