Stansted Park is near the city of Chichester, West Sussex, England. It lies within the parish of Stoughton, near the village of Rowlands Castle over the border in Hampshire; the Edwardian country house is set in the 1,750-acre park, with woodland and open land grazed by deer. Stansted House has Carolean revival decor and is listed Grade II*; the house began. It was built on the present site in 1688 for Richard Lumley to a design by William Talman; the original house was burnt down in 1900, rebuilt on the exact footprint of the previous building in 1903. The architect was Arthur Conran Blomfield, it was purchased by Vere Ponsonby, 9th Earl of Bessborough, in 1924. Since 1983 the House and Estate have been owned by Stansted Park Foundation, a charitable trust charged with the preservation of the estate for the benefit of the nation; the trust was set up by Frederick Ponsonby, 10th Earl of Bessborough, who died without a male heir in 1993. The history of Stansted Park since the 12th century is told in Lord Bessborough's book "The Enchanted Forest".
Stansted is open to the public from Easter to September. The park is crossed from west to east by the Monarch's Way long distance footpath; the Chapel of St Paul was built as part of his mission to convert the Jews. The Regency building incorporates earlier structures, is by an unknown architect, it is Grade I listed. It was an inspiration to the poet John Keats; the church was restored by Harry Stuart Goodhart-Rendel in 1926 and again after bomb damage in 1947. The chapel is in the care of the Stansted foundation. In June 1741 a cricket between Slindon Cricket Club and Portsmouth Cricket Club was played in the park, it is the earliest report of a match involving the Slindon team. The team's patron Charles Lennox, 2nd Duke of Richmond, wrote in a letter to his friend Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle, that "above 5,000 people" were present; this is the only time. ACS. A Guide to Important Cricket Matches Played in the British Isles 1709 – 1863. Nottingham: ACS. McCann, Tim. Sussex Cricket in the Eighteenth Century.
Sussex Record Society. Maun, Ian. From Commons to Lord's, Volume One: 1700 to 1750. Roger Heavens. ISBN 978-1-900592-52-9. Lewis Way - A Biography by Geoffrey Henderson, 2015 Stansted Park's official website
The River Thames, known alternatively in parts as the Isis, is a river that flows through southern England including London. At 215 miles, it is the longest river in England and the second longest in the United Kingdom, after the River Severn, it flows through Oxford, Henley-on-Thames and Windsor. The lower reaches of the river are called the Tideway, derived from its long tidal reach up to Teddington Lock, it rises at Thames Head in Gloucestershire, flows into the North Sea via the Thames Estuary. The Thames drains the whole of Greater London, its tidal section, reaching up to Teddington Lock, includes most of its London stretch and has a rise and fall of 23 feet. Running through some of the driest parts of mainland Britain and abstracted for drinking water, the Thames' discharge is low considering its length and breadth: the Severn has a discharge twice as large on average despite having a smaller drainage basin. In Scotland, the Tay achieves more than double the Thames' average discharge from a drainage basin, 60% smaller.
Along its course are 45 navigation locks with accompanying weirs. Its catchment area covers a small part of western England; the river contains over 80 islands. With its waters varying from freshwater to seawater, the Thames supports a variety of wildlife and has a number of adjoining Sites of Special Scientific Interest, with the largest being in the remaining parts of the North Kent Marshes and covering 5,449 hectares; the Thames, from Middle English Temese, is derived from the Brittonic Celtic name for the river, recorded in Latin as Tamesis and yielding modern Welsh Tafwys "Thames". The name may have meant "dark" and can be compared to other cognates such as Russian темно, Lithuanian tamsi "dark", Latvian tumsa "darkness", Sanskrit tamas and Welsh tywyll "darkness" and Middle Irish teimen "dark grey"; the same origin is shared by countless other river names, spread across Britain, such as the River Tamar at the border of Devon and Cornwall, several rivers named Tame in the Midlands and North Yorkshire, the Tavy on Dartmoor, the Team of the North East, the Teifi and Teme of Wales, the Teviot in the Scottish Borders, as well as one of the Thames' tributaries called the Thame.
Kenneth H. Jackson has proposed that the name of the Thames is not Indo-European, while Peter Kitson suggested that it is Indo-European but originated before the Celts and has a name indicating "muddiness" from a root *tā-,'melt'. Indirect evidence for the antiquity of the name'Thames' is provided by a Roman potsherd found at Oxford, bearing the inscription Tamesubugus fecit, it is believed. Tamese was referred to as a place, not a river in the Ravenna Cosmography; the river's name has always been pronounced with a simple t /t/. A similar spelling from 1210, "Tamisiam", is found in the Magna Carta; the Thames through Oxford is sometimes called the Isis. And in Victorian times and cartographers insisted that the entire river was named the Isis from its source down to Dorchester on Thames and that only from this point, where the river meets the Thame and becomes the "Thame-isis" should it be so called. Ordnance Survey maps still label the Thames as "River Isis" down to Dorchester. However, since the early 20th century this distinction has been lost in common usage outside of Oxford, some historians suggest the name Isis is nothing more than a truncation of Tamesis, the Latin name for the Thames.
Sculptures titled Tamesis and Isis by Anne Seymour Damer can be found on the bridge at Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire. Richard Coates suggests that while the river was as a whole called the Thames, part of it, where it was too wide to ford, was called *lowonida; this gave the name to a settlement on its banks, which became known as Londinium, from the Indo-European roots *pleu- "flow" and *-nedi "river" meaning something like the flowing river or the wide flowing unfordable river. For merchant seamen, the Thames has long been just the "London River". Londoners refer to it as "the river" in expressions such as "south of the river"; the river gives its name to three informal areas: the Thames Valley, a region of England around the river between Oxford and West London. Thames Valley Police is a formal body. In non-administrative use, the river's name is used in those of Thames Valley University, Thames Water, Thames Television, publishing company Thames & Hudson and South Thames College. An example of its use in the names of historic entities is the Thames Ironworks and Shipbuilding Company.
The administrative powers of the Thames Conservancy have been taken on with modifications by the Environment Agency and, in respect of the Tideway part of the river, such powers are split between the agency and the Port of London Authority. The marks of human activity, in some cases dating back to Pre-Roman Britain, are visible at various points along the river; these include a variety of structure
Middlesex is an ancient county in southeast England. It is now within the wider urbanised area of London, its area is now mostly within the ceremonial county of Greater London, with small sections in other neighbouring ceremonial counties. It was established in the Anglo-Saxon system from the territory of the Middle Saxons, existed as an official unit until 1965; the historic county includes land stretching north of the River Thames from 17 miles west to 3 miles east of the City of London with the rivers Colne and Lea and a ridge of hills as the other boundaries. The low-lying county, dominated by clay in its north and alluvium on gravel in its south, was the second smallest county by area in 1831; the City of London was a county in its own right from the 12th century and was able to exert political control over Middlesex. Westminster Abbey dominated most of the early financial and ecclesiastical aspects of the county; as London grew into Middlesex, the Corporation of London resisted attempts to expand the city boundaries into the county, which posed problems for the administration of local government and justice.
In the 18th and 19th centuries the population density was high in the southeast of the county, including the East End and West End of London. From 1855 the southeast was administered, with sections of Kent and Surrey, as part of the area of the Metropolitan Board of Works; when county councils were introduced in England in 1889 about 20% of the area of Middlesex, along with a third of its population, was transferred to the new County of London and the remainder became an administrative county governed by the Middlesex County Council that met at the Middlesex Guildhall in Westminster, in the County of London. The City of London, Middlesex, became separate counties for other purposes and Middlesex regained the right to appoint its own sheriff, lost in 1199. In the interwar years suburban London expanded further, with improvement and expansion of public transport, the setting up of new industries. After the Second World War, the population of the County of London and inner Middlesex was in steady decline, with high population growth continuing in the outer parts.
After a Royal Commission on Local Government in Greater London all of the original area was incorporated into an enlarged Greater London in 1965, with the rest transferred to neighbouring counties. Since 1965 various areas called. Middlesex was the former postal county of 25 post towns; the name refers to the tribal origin of its inhabitants. The word is formed from the Old English,'middel' and'Seaxe'. In 704, it is recorded as Middleseaxon in an Anglo-Saxon chronicle, written in Latin, about land at Twickenham; the Latin text reads: "in prouincia quæ nuncupatur Middelseaxan Haec". The Saxons derived their name from a kind of knife for which they were known; the seax has a lasting symbolic impact in the English counties of Essex and Middlesex, both of which feature three seaxes in their ceremonial emblem. Their names, along with those of Sussex and Wessex, contain a remnant of the word "Saxon". There were settlements in the area of Middlesex that can be traced back thousands of years before the creation of a county.
Middlesex was part of the Kingdom of Essex It was recorded in the Domesday Book as being divided into the six hundreds of Edmonton, Gore, Hounslow and Spelthorne. The City of London has been self-governing since the thirteenth century and became a county in its own right, a county corporate. Middlesex included Westminster, which had a high degree of autonomy. Of the six hundreds, Ossulstone contained the districts closest to the City of London. During the 17th century it was divided into four divisions, along with the Liberty of Westminster took over the administrative functions of the hundred; the divisions were named Finsbury, Holborn and Tower. The county had parliamentary representation from the 13th century; the title Earl of Middlesex was created twice, in 1622 and 1677, but became extinct in 1843. The economy of the county was dependent on the City of London from early times and was agricultural. A variety of goods were provided for the City, including crops such as grain and hay and building materials.
Recreation at day trip destinations such as Hackney, Islington and Twickenham, as well as coaching, inn-keeping and sale of goods and services at daily shops and stalls to the considerable passing trade provided much local employment and formed part of the early economy. However, during the 18th century the inner parishes of Middlesex became suburbs of the City and were urbanised; the Middlesex volume of John Norden's Speculum Britanniae of 1593 summarises: This is plentifully stored, as it seemeth beautiful, with many fair and comely buildings of the merchants of London, who have planted their houses of recreation not in the meanest places, which they have cunningly contrived, curiously beautified with divers devices, neatly decked with rare inventions, environed with orchards of sundry, delicate fruits, gardens with delectable walks, alleys and a great variety of pleasing dainties: all of which seem to be beautiful ornaments unto this country. Thomas Cox wrote in 1794: We may call it all London, being chiefly inhabited by the citizens, who fill the towns in it with their country houses, to which they resort that they may breathe a little sweet air, free from the fogs and smoke of the City.
In 1803 Sir John Sinclair, president of the Board of Agr
Ealing Common is a large open space in Ealing, west London. It is the name of the area surrounding Ealing Common station where Piccadilly & District line trains stop; the Ealing Common Area is bounded by Ealing Town Centre to the west, North Ealing and Hanger Hill to the north, Acton to the east and South Ealing and South Acton to the south. The Ealing Common open space is bounded by Gunnersbury Ave to the east and the Uxbridge Road to the north. A smaller area of the common extends to the east including Leopold Road; the western boundary includes Warwick Dene, with Elm Avenue to the south. The Ealing Common open space is a common land as designated by the 1866 Metropolitan Commons Act. In August 1733 a cricket match was played on the common between London; the result is unknown but the terms of the match were "for £50, play or pay", a substantial prize. London was the sport's premier club at the time; this is the only mention of Ealing & Acton and of Ealing Common in the surviving records of early cricket.
Ealing Common preserves a large area of open space with fine avenues of horse chestnut trees, most of which were planted in the late Victorian period, following the purchase of the common land by the Ealing Local Board. The northern part of the common has a large English oak tree at its centre, London plane trees are found with the horse chestnuts around the perimeter of the common. Charles Jones was the borough surveyor responsible for the layout. In the south-west corner of Ealing Common there is a small enclosed park, called Warwick Dene, with rose beds at its centre. There is a local Conservation Area. Ealing Common is the name of the area in the London Borough of Ealing surrounding Ealing Common station, named after the common. Ealing Common Conservation area Appraisal on Ealing Council Website
Bourne Paddock was a cricket ground at Bourne Park House, the seat of Sir Horatio Mann, at Bishopsbourne around 4 miles south-east of Canterbury in the English county of Kent. It was a venue for first-class cricket matches from 1766 to 1790; the ground was within the grounds of Bourne Park House. Archaeological surveys have shown that it was built on an area, settled during the Iron Age and Roman periods. A modern cricket pavilion and a large iron roller used to roll the cricket pitch remain at the site, but the ground is no longer in use. Bourne Paddock is first mentioned in an item in the Kentish Weekly Post about a recent match involving Mann's own Bourne Cricket Club versus Dartford Cricket Club on 29 September 1766; the result of the game is unknown. Bourne Cricket Club represented Kent during the late 18th century and attracted large crowds to the ground. A total of 17 matches played on the ground were given retrospective first-class cricket status by some sources, its last known use was for a top-class game involving Sir Horatio Mann's XI versus Mr Stephen Amherst's XI in September 1790.
Amherst's XI won by 130 runs. Mann moved away from Bourne soon afterward. A modern cricket club, Bishopsbourne Cricket Club, played matches on a ground at Charlton Park to the south of Bourne Park; this ground is still in use
Parsons Green is a residential district of Fulham in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham. The green itself, triangular, is bounded on two of its three sides by the New King's Road section of the King's Road, A308 road and Parsons Green Lane; the wider neighbourhood is bounded by the Harwood and Wandsworth Bridge Roads, A217 road to the East and Munster Road to the West, while the Fulham Road, A3219 road may be said to define its northern boundary. Its southern boundary is less defined as it merges and imperceptibly with the Peterborough estate and Hurlingham. At its historic centre lie two open spaces, the Green itself and Eel Brook Common; the name stems from the original village green, after the former residence of the rectors of Fulham Parish. It is one of the Conservation areas in Hammersmith and Fulham, that extends from the borough boundary in the east to Fulham High Street in the west. Timber rights attached to the Green are mentioned in court rolls dating from 1391. In 1625 there were only six rated residents for the area.
By 1706, John Bowack opined in his Antiquities of Middlesex that it "was inhabited by gentry and persons of quality". Two cricket matches were held on Parsons Green in 1731 and 1733; the first was on 10 August 1731 between Fulham and Chelsea, Fulham winning. The second was on Tuesday, 26 June 1733 between the same two teams and played for a substantial prize of 30 guineas, although the result is unknown. In the 18th century, changes continued with the building of grand houses with grounds; these were bought by merchants and bankers from the City and not infrequently by members of the Court and their'associations'. The area acquired a somewhat louche reputation at that time. Fulham F. C. had their ground in the park for two years from 1889. Early in the 20th century, a few test flights were carried out there with flying machines. Holly Bush House - later'East End', tenancy of Maria Fitzherbert, demolished 1884 Belfield House - home of Mrs Jordan part of Lady Margaret School Elm House - became part of Lady Margaret School Henniker Park House, designed by Thomas Cubitt, demolished 1889 Aragon House Gosford Lodge Pitts Place terrace, Albyn, Cradley and Sefton Sir William Butts physician to Henry VIII Sir John Powell Baron of the Exchequer Admiral Sir Charles Wager Samuel Richardson moved here from North End, Fulham T. Crofton Croker Irish antiquary and writer on Fulham Bus route 22 includes New King's Road and the area is served by Parsons Green tube station on the District line.
The tube station suffered a terrorist attack on a train in the station on 15 September 2017. References SourcesBuckley, G. B.. Fresh Light on 18th Century Cricket. Cotterell. Waghorn, H. T.. The Dawn of Cricket. Electric Press. Eel Brook Common. London Gardens Online
Kew Green is a large open space in Kew in west London. Owned by the Crown Estate, it is leased to the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, it is triangular in shape, its open grassland, framed with broadleaf trees, extends to about thirty acres. Kew Green is overlooked by a mixture of period townhouses, historic buildings and commercial establishments. In the 1730s, Kew Green was a venue for cricket matches. Most of the older houses in Kew are built round the Green and along the eastern side of the Kew Road looking towards Kew Gardens; the Green itself is a big triangular space. It is mentioned in a Parliamentary Survey of Richmond taken in 1649, is there described as'a piece of common or uninclosed ground called Kew Green, lying within the Township of Kew, conteyning about 20 acres.' An 18th-century view, taken from a meadow to the east, shows Kew Bridge on the right, a small irregular lake with an island to the left. A road led to the western point of the Green, a windmill behind it; some land at the end of the Green was enclosed by George IV, a meadow east of the bridge was made common land, as part of a design, never carried out, of building a new palace at Kew in place of the Dutch House.
In the early 19th century Sir Richard Phillips described the Green as'a triangular area of about 30 acres bounded by dwelling-houses,' and another description of a later date speaks of the'well-built houses and noble trees' surrounding it. Kew Green was a venue for cricket in the 1730s, it was used for the second in a tri-series of single wicket matches in June 1730 when a Kent team led by Edwin Stead played Brentford for a £50 stake. On Thursday, 27 July, the Whitehall Evening Post reported a "great cricket match" attended by the Prince of Wales. On Monday, 4 September 1732 it was the venue for Middlesex. There are no records of senior matches there after 1732 but Kew Green is still used for junior cricket today as the home of Kew Cricket Club. Today the southwestern sides of the Green are residential. To the north of the Green is Kew Bridge, carrying the busy South Circular Road, which in turn runs across the Green, dividing it into a large western part and a smaller eastern part. At the south end is St Anne's Church, Kew's parish church.
At the west end of the Green is Elizabeth Gate, one of the two main entrances into Kew Gardens. Near the northeast corner is Kew Pond thought to have been a natural pond fed from a creek of the tidal Thames. During high tides sluice gates are opened to allow river water to fill the pond via an underground channel; the pond is concreted, rectangular in shape and contains an important reed bed habitat, vital for conservation and resident water birds. The pond is managed in partnership with the Friends of Kew Pond. Kew Green is a street address; the odd-numbered buildings face the west side, the even-numbered buildings face the east. On the west side, Numbers 9–11, 17–25, 29–33, 49–51 and 55 Kew Green are all Grade II listed, as are Numbers 57–73, 77, 83. On the east side, Numbers 2–4, 18–22, 52–56, 62–64, 90, 96–106 Kew Green are all Grade II listed. Grade II listed are some lamp standards, a Victorian sewer vent, a K6 red telephone box, the cross-shaped war memorial near the church, all on the west side of Kew Green.
The Coach and Horses public house is at Kew Green. Another public house, the Greyhound, is at Kew Green. 79, Kew Green is a public house, but has changed its name. 85, Kew Green was once the King's Arms public house. From 1964 until it folded in 1997, the Caxton Name Plate Manufacturing Company was based at 110, Kew Green; the company's name is still visible on the exterior of the building. At the back of Caxton House facing Westerley Ware is the Victorian mortuary building. 50, Kew Green was the original home of Kew's main primary school, the Queen's Church of England School, founded in 1824. The building was rebuilt in 1887. In 1969 the school moved to new premises in Cumberland Road and the Victorian schoolhouse was demolished. To preserve its legacy, there is an embroidery of the original building in the pew cushions of St Anne's Church. 22, Kew Green was the home of the painter Arthur Hughes. Both properties have blue plaques. Kew Bridge Kew Cricket Club Kew Gardens St Anne's Church, Kew Westerley Ware Buckley, G.
B.. Fresh Light on 18th Century Cricket. Cotterell. Cassidy, G. E.. Kew As It Was. Nelson: Hendon Publishing Co. Ltd. ISBN 9780860670742. Maun, Ian. From Commons to Lord's, Volume One: 1700 to 1750. Roger Heavens. ISBN 978-1-900592-52-9