Tottenham Court Road tube station

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Tottenham Court Road London Underground
TCRnewentrance2017.png
Tottenham Court Road's new main entrance, opened in December 2015
Tottenham Court Road is located in Central London
Tottenham Court Road
Tottenham Court Road
Location of Tottenham Court Road in Central London
Location St Giles
Local authority London Borough of Camden
Managed by London Underground
Number of platforms 4
Fare zone 1
London Underground annual entry and exit
2013 Increase 38.06 million[1]
2014 Decrease 36.76 million[1]
2015 Decrease 16.25 million[1]
2016 Increase 39.35 million[1]
Key dates
1900 Opened (CLR)
1907 Opened (CCE&HR)
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
WGS84 51°30′58″N 0°07′51″W / 51.5162°N 0.1309°W / 51.5162; -0.1309Coordinates: 51°30′58″N 0°07′51″W / 51.5162°N 0.1309°W / 51.5162; -0.1309
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London Transport portal

Tottenham Court Road is a London Underground and future Crossrail station in St Giles, central London. It is an interchange between the Central line and the Charing Cross branch of the Northern line.

On the Central line it is between Oxford Circus and Holborn, and on the Northern line it is between Leicester Square and Goodge Street. It is located at St Giles Circus, the junction of Tottenham Court Road, Oxford Street, New Oxford Street and Charing Cross Road and is in Travelcard Zone 1.

History[edit]

Central London Railway[edit]

The station opened as part of the Central London Railway (CLR) on 30 July 1900,[2] from that date until 24 September 1933,[2] the next station eastbound on the Central line was the now-defunct British Museum; the next stop in that direction is now Holborn. The platforms are under Oxford Street west of St Giles' Circus, and were originally connected to the ticket hall via lifts at the east end of the platforms, the original station building is in Oxford Street and was designed in common with other CLR stations by Harry Bell Measures. Much modified, it now forms part of the station entrance, and some elements of the original facade survive above the canopy. Apart from those very limited original features of the entrance, the station building otherwise together with a whole row of other elegant old buildings were demolished in 2009.

Charing Cross, Euston & Hampstead Railway[edit]

The Charing Cross, Euston & Hampstead Railway (CCE&HR, now part of the Northern line) arrived here on 22 June 1907[3] but used the name Oxford Street until an interchange (linking the eastbound Central line with the southbound Northern line via the ends of the platform) was opened on 3 September 1908[4] from when the present name was used for both lines. The next station north on the Northern line was originally called Tottenham Court Road,[4] but was renamed to Goodge Street at this time.

The original ticket office was on the south east corner of the junction of Oxford Street and Charing Cross Road, and its original lift shafts and emergency stairs are still extant. A set of emergency stairs can used as access down to the ends of the Northern line platform, the lift shafts are used for offices and station facilities. The original CCE&HR station buildings were destroyed when the Centre Point tower block was built.

Early Improvements[edit]

Like a number of other central area stations, Tottenham Court Road underwent improvements during the 1920s to replace the original sets of lifts with escalators. Works commenced in 1923; a new subsurface ticket hall, under St Giles Circus, was constructed and the escalators came into service on 28 September 1926 (upper set) and 1 February 1926 (lower set).[5] A shaft for three escalators was driven from the ticket hall under the junction down to the east end of the Central line platforms ending at an intermediate circulation space. A further pair of escalators descend from this level to the north end of the Northern line platforms, the lifts were removed and the redundant shafts were used as ventilation ducts. In 1938 a chiller plant began operating at the station, this was decommissioned in 1949.

Passenger congestion entering and leaving the Northern line platforms was partially eased by the addition of a short single escalator at the centre of the platform leading up to a passageway linking to the intermediate circulation area. However, this was in itself a cause of congestion, as traffic trying to leave the station from the Northern line found itself in the path of traffic entering and travelling to the Central line.

In 1984 the entire station was redecorated, losing the distinctive Leslie Green-designed platform tiling pattern of the Yerkes tube lines (which included the CCE&HR), and the plain white platform tiles of the CLR. The 1980s design includes panels of tessellated mural mosaic by Eduardo Paolozzi (whose signature appears at several places within the station), and is a distinct and noticeable feature of the station, the mosaic's frenetic design is intended to reflect the station's position adjacent to Tottenham Court Road's large concentration of hi-fi and electronics shops. Some of this mosaic has now been removed in the expansion of the station for Crossrail,[6] these parts are due to be reconstructed and installed in the University of Edinburgh.[7]

Congestion relief[edit]

The station had four entrances to the sub-surface ticket hall from the north-east, south-west and north-west corners of the junction and from a subway beneath the Centre Point building which starts on Andrew Borde Street, the entrances were frequently congested leading to occasions during peak periods of the day when they were briefly closed to prevent overcrowding in the station.

In the aftermath of the King's Cross fire in 1987, London Underground was recommended to investigate "passenger flow and congestion in stations and take remedial action",[8] although a Parliamentary bill was tabled in 1991 to permit London Underground to improve and expand the frequently congested station,[9] the station was drastically reconstructed and upgraded in the mid 2010s as part of the Crossrail project.[10]

The £500m station upgrade took 8 years[11], and involved building a much larger ticket hall under the forecourt of Centre Point, new sets of escalators to reach the central section of the Northern line platforms from the ticket hall, step-free access to the platforms, as well as escalators down to the eastern end of the future Crossrail station. The subway to Andrew Borde Street was replaced as part of this development.[12] To enable this expansion to occur, both the Astoria theatres and the original Central line entrance were demolished.[12]

As part of the expansion of the ticket hall, Art on the Underground commissioned an artwork by Daniel Buren, a French conceptual artist, this piece, 'Diamonds and Circles' permanent works 'in situ', was Buren's first permanent public commission in the UK.[13]

The artwork comprises colourful diamond and circle shapes, which contrast with Buren's trademark stripes in black and white, fixed to internal glass walls throughout the ticket hall, the piece was completed in 2017.[14]

Tottenham Court Road Eastern Ticket Hall after expansion, with Daniel Buren's artwork.

From 2 April until 28 November 2011, the Northern line platforms were closed for structural upgrade works and Northern line trains ran non-stop through the station.[15]

From 5 January until 7 December 2015, the Central line platforms were closed, meaning Central line trains did not stop at the station, on 12 January 2015, the first part of the new ticket hall opened for the first time. The station which previously required commuters going through the Central line level concourse to get to the Northern line, via a one-way system, now has escalators directly to Northern line level followed by stairs to the platforms, the escalators are among the longest in the tube, and take a minute top to bottom if you stand on them.[16]

Current developments[edit]

Crossrail[edit]

In addition to the eastern ticket hall expansion, a new western entrance and ticket hall is being built under Dean Street[17] as part of the Crossrail project, leading to both the Crossrail platforms and to the parallel Central line platforms.

The Crossrail station 'box' was constructed as part of the Underground ticket hall works, and completed in an un-fitted form by 12 January 2015.[18] Similar to the situation with Thameslink platforms at St Pancras, the line developers are responsible for the fitting-out works which create the actual station infrastructure.[18]

Construction Gallery[edit]

Future developments[edit]

Crossrail 2[edit]

The proposed Chelsea-Hackney line, now known as Crossrail 2, if built, will have a station at Tottenham Court Road, and the development plans include facilities to take account of this, this would be the only planned interchange between Crossrail 1 and Crossrail 2. A massive boost in capacity to the existing station will be needed to host both lines, the station was safeguarded as part of the route in 1991 and 2007.[19] Redevelopment of the station will include space for platforms on the line.

In popular culture[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Connections[edit]

London Buses routes 1, 7, 8, 10, 14, 19, 24, 25, 29, 38, 55, 73, 98, 134, 176 and 242 and night routes N1, N20, N5, N7, N8, N19, N20, N29, N35, N38, N41, N55, N68, N73, N98, N171, N207, N253 and N279 serve the station.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. March 2017. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  2. ^ a b Clive's Underground Line Guides – Central Line, Dates
  3. ^ Clive's Underground Line Guides – Northern Line, Dates
  4. ^ a b Rose, Douglas (1999). The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History. Douglas Rose. ISBN 1-85414-219-4. 
  5. ^ Railways Through The Clay; Croome & Jackson; London; 1993; p169
  6. ^ Aicha Zaa, Will Hurst (2 February 2015). "Campaigners 'disgusted' as builders dismantle Paolozzi murals at Tottenham Court Road". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 21 August 2017. 
  7. ^ "Tube station mosaics to be seen in new light in artist's home city". Edinburgh College of Art. University of Edinburgh. Archived from the original on 15 September 2015. Retrieved 26 August 2015. 
  8. ^ 1929-, Fennell, Desmond, (1988). Investigation into the King's Cross underground fire. Great Britain. Department of Transport. London: [For] Department of Transport [by] H.M.S.O. ISBN 0101049927. OCLC 19271585. 
  9. ^ "London Underground (Safety Measures) Act 1991". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-09-19. 
  10. ^ "Tottenham Court Road station". Crossrail. Retrieved 2017-09-19. 
  11. ^ Dick Murray (10 February 2017). "Tottenham Court Road station's £500 million revamp completed as entrances open". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 21 August 2017. 
  12. ^ a b Crossrail – Proposal for eastern ticket hall Archived 28 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ Daniel Buren (3 July 2017). "Diamonds and Circles, works in situ". Art on the Underground. Retrieved 21 August 2017. 
  14. ^ Alice Morby (12 July 2017). "Daniel Buren completes installation at Tottenham Court Road tube station". Dezeen.com. Retrieved 21 August 2017. 
  15. ^ a b Martland, John (16 January 2004). "We Will Rock You". The Stage Newspaper Limited. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 1 April 2011. 
  16. ^ Geoff Marshall (12 January 2015). "New Tottenham Court Road Station Opens". Londonist. Retrieved 21 August 2017. 
  17. ^ Crossrail – Proposal for western ticket hall
  18. ^ a b "New Ticket Hall opens at Tottenham Court Road". Railway Gazette. 12 January 2015. Retrieved 23 January 2015. 
  19. ^ [1] Archived 27 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  20. ^ "An American Werewolf in London [1981 feature film]". www.nickcooper.org.uk. 14 April 2004. Retrieved 21 August 2017. 
  21. ^ We Will Rock You to close after an astonishing 12 years – bestoftheatre.co.uk

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Central line
towards Epping, Hainault
or Woodford (via Hainault)
towards Kennington or
Morden (via Charing Cross)
Northern line
  Future Development  
Preceding station   Elizabeth line roundel.svg National Rail logo.svg Crossrail   Following station
Crossrail
Elizabeth line
towards Abbey Wood or Shenfield
Crossrail
Line 2
  Former service  
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Central line