In Scotland a crofting township is a group of agricultural smallholdings holding in common a substantial tract of unimproved upland grazing. Each township comprises a formal legal unit, there is often a substantial tract of unimproved upland common grazing - known as a shieling or àirigh which is held in common. This tends to be used in the summer, but with the advent of fertilisers it is used in colder times as well. In reference to the history of Scotland, a township is called a toun
In northern and western areas of Scotland, many people live in small crofting townships, such as here on the Isle of Skye.
Ruins of the township of Arichonan, forcibly cleared in 1848 as part of the Highland Clearances. Caol Scotnish can be seen in the middle distance with Loch Sween farther out.