Toy Story (franchise)

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Toy Story
Toy Story.svg
Created by Pixar Animation Studios
Original work Toy Story (1995)
Owner
Print publications
Comics See below
Films and television
Film(s)
Short film(s)
Animated series
Television special(s)
Direct-to-video Buzz Lightyear of Star Command: The Adventure Begins (2000)
Theatrical presentations
Play(s)
Musical(s) Toy Story: The Musical (2008–2016)
Games
Video game(s)
Audio
Soundtrack(s)
Miscellaneous
Toys Lego Toy Story
Theme park attractions

* Crossover work where this franchise's characters and/or settings appear.
** Year runs in particular for this themed land:

Toy Story is a computer animated film series and Disney media franchise that began with the 1995 film of the same name, produced by Pixar Animation Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures. The franchise is based on the anthropomorphic concept that all toys, unknown to humans, are secretly alive, and the films focus on a diverse group of toys that feature a classic cowboy named Sheriff Woody and a modern spaceman named Buzz Lightyear. The group unexpectedly embark on adventures that challenge and change them.

The first two films of the franchise were directed by John Lasseter, and the third by Lee Unkrich, who acted as the co-director of the second film (together with Lasseter and Ash Brannon). Josh Cooley will direct the upcoming fourth film.[1]

All three films, produced on a total budget of $320 million, have grossed more than $1.9 billion worldwide. Each film set box office records, with the third included in the top 15 all time worldwide films. Critics have given all three films positive reviews.[2][3][4] Special Blu-ray and DVD editions of Toy Story and Toy Story 2 were released on March 23, 2010.[5] They were also re-released in theaters as a Disney Digital 3-D "double feature" for at least two weeks in October 2009.[6]

The series is the 24th highest-grossing franchise worldwide, the fifth highest-grossing animated franchise (behind Despicable Me, Shrek, Ice Age, and Madagascar),[7] and is among the most critically acclaimed trilogies of all time. On November 1, 2011, all three Toy Story films were released in Disney Blu-ray 3D as a trilogy pack and as individual films.

Films[edit]

The Toy Story series consists of three CGI animated films: Toy Story (1995), Toy Story 2 (1999), and Toy Story 3 (2010). A fourth film, Toy Story 4, is in production and set for release on June 21, 2019. Toy Story was the first feature-length film to be made entirely using computer-generated imagery. The films were produced by Pixar Animation Studios and distributed by Walt Disney Pictures.

The first and second films got a perfect 100%, and the third a 99% rating, on Rotten Tomatoes. The third film in the series is the third highest-grossing animated film and the 18th highest-grossing film of all time. It also became the third animated film in history to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture, following Beauty and the Beast and Up.

Toy Story (1995)[edit]

Toy Story, the first film in the franchise, was released on November 22, 1995. It was the first feature-length film created entirely by CGI and was directed by John Lasseter. The plot involves Andy, an imaginative young suburban boy, getting a new Buzz Lightyear toy, causing Sheriff Woody, a vintage cowboy figure, to think that he has been replaced as Andy's favorite toy. Jealous, Woody tries to knock Buzz behind a table, but accidentally sends him out the window, making the other toys assume that he tried to murder Buzz. Determined to set things right, Woody attempts to save Buzz, and both try to escape from the house of the next-door neighbor Sid Phillips, who likes to torture and destroy toys. The film was critically and financially successful, grossing over $361 million worldwide.[2][8] The film was later re-released in Disney Digital 3-D as part of a double feature, along with Toy Story 2, for a 2-week run,[6] which was later extended due to its financial success.[9]

Toy Story 2 (1999)[edit]

Toy Story 2, the second film in the franchise, was released on November 24, 1999. John Lasseter reprised his role as director. The plot involves Woody getting stolen by a greedy toy collector named Al McWhiggin. Buzz and several of Andy's toys set off to attempt to free Woody, who meanwhile has discovered his origins as a historic television star. Toy Story 2 was not originally intended for release in theaters, but as a direct-to-video sequel to the original Toy Story, with a 60-minute running time.[10] However, Disney's executives were impressed by the high quality of the in-work imagery for the sequel, and were also pressured by the main characters' voice actors Tom Hanks and Tim Allen, so they decided to convert Toy Story 2 into a theatrical film.[11] It turned out to be an even greater success than the original Toy Story, grossing over $497 million worldwide.[12] The film was re-released in Disney Digital 3-D as part of a double feature, along with Toy Story, on October 2, 2009.[6]

Toy Story 3 (2010)[edit]

Toy Story 3, the third film in the franchise, was released on June 18, 2010, nearly 11 years after Toy Story 2 was. It was the first Toy Story film not to be directed by John Lasseter (although he remained involved in the film as executive producer), but by Lee Unkrich, who edited the first two films and co-directed the second. The plot focuses on the toys being accidentally dropped off at a daycare center while their owner, Andy, is getting ready to go to college. The film contains over 150 new characters, according to Pixar.[13] It remains Pixar's highest-grossing film of all time both domestically and worldwide, surpassing Finding Nemo. Toy Story 3 grossed more than the first and second films combined, making it the first animated film to have crossed the $1 billion mark.[14] In August 2010, it surpassed Shrek 2, becoming the highest-grossing animated film of all time until it was surpassed by Frozen, another Disney production, in March 2014.[15] Toy Story 3 was released on DVD and Blu-ray on November 2, 2010.[16]

Toy Story 4 (2019)[edit]

On November 6, 2014, Toy Story 4 was officially announced by Disney during an investors' call, with a provisional release date of June 16, 2017.[1] The film was to be directed by John Lasseter and produced by Galyn Susman, with a screenplay by Rashida Jones and Will McCormack from a story by Lasseter, Andrew Stanton, Pete Docter and Lee Unkrich.[17][18] Lasseter told Variety: "Toy Story 3 ended Woody and Buzz's story with Andy so perfectly that for a long time, we never even talked about doing another Toy Story movie. But when Andrew, Pete, Lee and I came up with this new idea, I just could not stop thinking about it. It was so exciting to me, I knew we had to make this movie—and I wanted to direct it myself."[19] In March 2015, Pixar president Jim Morris stated that the film would be a stand-alone sequel rather than a continuation of the third film.[20][21] The same month, Variety revealed that Josh Cooley, the head of story on Pixar's Inside Out, would co-direct Toy Story 4.[22] Around the same time, Lasseter revealed that the fourth film had been such a closely held secret at Pixar that even Morris and Edwin Catmull (president of both Pixar and Walt Disney Animation Studios, to whom Morris reports) did not know it was being discussed until Stanton had already finished a polished treatment.[23]

In August 2015, at the D23 Expo, Lasseter stated that the film would focus on the romance between Woody and Bo Peep,[24] building on Bo Peep's absence from Toy Story 3, with Woody and Buzz trying to find her and bring her home.[25] It was also announced that Randy Newman would return to compose the soundtrack.[24] The same month, Kristen Schaal confirmed that her character Trixie would return.[26] It was also announced that Don Rickles would reprise his role of Mr. Potato Head,[27] though on April 6, 2017, it was announced that he had died before he was able to record any lines for the film.[28] [29]

In October 2015, Pixar announced that the release date had been pushed back to June 15, 2018.[30]

In November 2015, it was announced that Patricia Arquette had been added to the cast.[31]

In October 2016, Variety confirmed that the release date had been further delayed until June 21, 2019.[32]

In July 2017, at the D23 Expo, Lasseter announced he had stepped down as director due to other commitments, but would stay on board as executive producer while Cooley would be upgraded to director and that Jonas Rivera would replace Galyn Susman as producer.[33][34] It was also confirmed that Bonnie Hunt would return as Dolly, Jodi Benson as Barbie, and Estelle Harris as Mrs. Potato Head.[35][36][37]

On January 18, 2018, it was announced that the film would be written by Stephany Folsom, replacing the original writers, Rashida Jones and Will McCormack, who withdrew from the project in November 2017.[38] On June 2, 2018, it was announced that the script had been rewritten after about three-quarters of it was written. As a result, the original script written by Jones and McCormack was scrapped.[39] It was also confirmed that Annie Potts would reprise her role as Bo Peep.[40]

On April 6, 2018, it was confirmed on the official Toy Story Facebook page that the film is still set for release on June 21, 2019 in 3D, 2D and IMAX 3D.[41]

Television[edit]

Toy Story Treats[edit]

In 1996, Pixar created a series of shorts known as Toy Story Treats, which were used as interstitials on ABC Family and Disney's One Saturday Morning. They did not necessarily follow the continuity from Toy Story, taking place before, during and after the events of the first film. They were aired roughly around the time of Toy Story's release to home video.[42] These shorts also appeared as bonus features on both "The Ultimate Toy Box", and the "10th Anniversary Edition" DVD of the first film.

Television specials[edit]

Pixar has also developed two 22-minute Toy Story television specials.[43] The first, a Halloween-themed special, titled Toy Story of Terror!, aired on October 16, 2013, on ABC,[44] while the second, a Christmas-themed special titled Toy Story That Time Forgot, aired on December 2, 2014.[45]

Toy Story of Terror![edit]

A Halloween-themed 22-minute television special, titled Toy Story of Terror!,[46] aired on ABC on October 16, 2013.[46][47] It was directed by Angus MacLane, produced by Galyn Susman, with Tom Hanks, Tim Allen, Joan Cusack, Don Rickles, Wallace Shawn, Timothy Dalton, and Kristen Schaal reprising their roles of Woody, Buzz, Jessie, Mr. Potato Head, Rex, Mr. Pricklepants, and Trixie with Carl Weathers as Combat Carl and Stephen Tobolowsky as the motel manager.[47] Michael Giacchino composed the music for the special.[48] The film's soundtrack was released on October 15, 2013, on Amazon.com in digital format.[49]

The special follows the toys on their road trip when a flat tire leads Bonnie and her mother to spend the night in a roadside motel. After one of the toys goes missing, the others begin to search for it, but they too are picked off one by one. The toys discover that they are being targeted by the hotel manager's pet iguana, Mr. Jones, who has been trained to steal the toys of his guests so that they can be sold via the Internet. The manager nearly succeeds in selling Woody and Jessie, but Jessie manages to escape—overcoming her old fear of being packed away in the process—and draw Bonnie's attention to the cabinet where the toys are being kept. As a result, Bonnie recovers her toys, and her mom calls in the police, who then presumably arrests the manager for theft.

Toy Story That Time Forgot[edit]

A Christmas-themed 22-minute[45] television special, titled Toy Story That Time Forgot, aired on ABC on December 2, 2014.[45] It was written and directed by Steve Purcell, and produced by Galyn Susman. Michael Giacchino, who composed the music for the first special, returned.[45] Most of the regular cast reprised their roles, including Tom Hanks as Woody, Tim Allen as Buzz, Kristen Schaal as Trixie, Wallace Shawn as Rex, Timothy Dalton as Mr. Pricklepants, Don Rickles as Mr. Potato Head, and Joan Cusack as Jessie, with Kevin McKidd joining as a new character, Reptillus Maximus.[50] Taking place after a Christmas season, the toys find themselves lost in the world when a set of the coolest action figures turns out to be dangerously delusional. It is up to Trixie to help the toys to return to Bonnie's room.[50]

Toy Story Toons[edit]

Logo for Toy Story Toons

In 2011, Pixar started releasing short animated films to supplement the Toy Story films, called Toy Story Toons. The shorts pick up where Toy Story 3 has left off, with Woody, Buzz, and Andy's other toys finding a new home at Bonnie's. So far, three shorts have been released; Hawaiian Vacation, Small Fry, and Partysaurus Rex. Another short,[51] titled Mythic Rock, was in development in 2013 but was never released.[52]

Hawaiian Vacation[edit]

Toy Story Toons: Hawaiian Vacation is a 2011 Pixar animated short directed by Gary Rydstrom. The short features characters from the Toy Story series and takes place after the events of Toy Story 3. It was released in theatres before Pixar's feature film Cars 2. In the short film, Ken and Barbie want to go to Hawaii with Bonnie's family, who had prior plans to vacation in Hawaii, but get left behind by mistakenly climbing into Bonnie's school bookbag instead of her luggage. Once in Bonnie's bedroom, Woody, Buzz and the other toys from the previous film attempt to console them by creating their own "Hawaiian vacation" for Barbie and Ken in Bonnie's bedroom.

Small Fry[edit]

Toy Story Toons: Small Fry,[53] another Toy Story short, premiered before The Muppets.[54] This marks the second time a Pixar short has screened with a non-Pixar film, after Tokyo Mater screened with Bolt. Directed by Angus MacLane, the short involves Buzz getting trapped at a fast food restaurant at a support group for discarded toys, with a kids' meal toy version of Buzz taking his place.[53]

Partysaurus Rex[edit]

Toy Story Toons: Partysaurus Rex, the third of the series of animated shorts, was released with the theatrical 3D re-release of Finding Nemo. Directed by Mark Walsh with music composed by electronic artist BT, the short involves Rex getting left in the bathroom and making friends with bath toys.[55]

Reception[edit]

Box office performance[edit]

Toy Story's first five days of domestic release (on Thanksgiving weekend), earned the film $39,071,176.[56] The film placed first in the weekend's box office with $29,140,617, and maintained its number one position at the domestic box office for the following two weekends. It was the highest-grossing domestic film in 1995,[57] and the third highest-grossing animated film at the time.[58]

Toy Story 2 opened at #1 over the Thanksgiving Day weekend, with a three-day tally of $57,388,839 from 3,236 theaters. It averaged $17,734 per theater over three days during that weekend, and stayed at #1 for the next two weekends. It was the third highest-grossing film of 1999.[59]

Toy Story 3 had a strong debut, opening in 4,028 theaters and grossing $41,148,961 at the box office on its opening day. In addition, Toy Story 3 had the highest opening day gross for an animated film on record. During its opening weekend, the film grossed $110,307,189, making it #1 for the weekend; it was the biggest opening weekend ever for any Pixar film. Toy Story 3 stayed at the #1 spot for the next weekend. The film had the second highest opening ever for an animated film. It was the highest-grossing film of 2010, both domestically and worldwide.[60][61] Toy Story 3 grossed over $1 billion, making it the seventh film in history, the second Disney film in 2010, the third Disney film overall, and the first animated film to do so.[62]

Film Release date Box office gross Box office ranking Budget Ref(s)
North
America
Other
territories
Worldwide All time
North America
All time
worldwide
Toy Story November 22, 1995 $191,796,233 $181,757,800 $373,554,033 #182
#138(A)
#276 $30 million [8]
Toy Story 2 November 24, 1999 $245,852,179 $251,514,690 $497,366,869 #103
#114(A)
#163 $90 million [12]
Toy Story / Toy Story 2
(Disney Digital 3-D)
October 2, 2009 $30,702,446 $1,582,154 $32,284,600 #2,419 [63][64][65]
Toy Story 3 June 18, 2010 $415,004,880 $651,964,823 $1,066,969,703 #17
#94(A)
#19 $200 million [66]
Toy Story 4 June 21, 2019
Total $883,355,738 $1,086,819,467 $1,970,175,205 #20 #23 $320 million [67]
List indicator(s)
  • A dark grey cell indicates the information is not available for the film.
  • (A) indicates the adjusted totals based on current ticket prices (calculated by Box Office Mojo).

Critical and public response[edit]

According to Rotten Tomatoes, the Toy Story trilogy is the most critically acclaimed trilogy of all time.[68] The first two films received a 100% "Certified Fresh" rating, while the third holds a 99% "Certified Fresh" rating. According to the site, no other trilogy has had all of its films so highly rated - the Before Sunrise trilogy comes closest with 98%, and Dollars trilogy and The Lord of the Rings film trilogy come after with average ratings of 95% and 94% respectively, while the Toy Story trilogy has an average of an almost perfect 99.7%.

According to Metacritic, the Toy Story trilogy is tied as the most critically acclaimed trilogy of all time, it and The Lord of the Rings film trilogy each having an average rounded score of 91 out of 100. As of 20 July 2010, every film in both trilogies is placed in the Top 100 of the site's Best Reviewed Movies List.[69][70]

According to CinemaScore, polls conducted during the opening weekend, cinema audiences gave the series an average grade of "A", "A+", "A" respectively on an A+ to F scale.

Film Rotten Tomatoes Metacritic CinemaScore
Toy Story 100% (78 reviews)[2] 95 (26 reviews)[71] A[72]
Toy Story 2 100% (163 reviews)[3] 88 (34 reviews)[73] A+[72]
Toy Story 3 99% (294 reviews)[4] 92 (39 reviews)[74] A[72]
Toy Story 4
Average 100% 92 A
List indicator(s)
  • A dark grey cell indicates the information is not available for the film.

Accolades[edit]

Toy Story was nominated for three Academy Awards, including Best Original Screenplay, Best Original Score and Best Original Song for Randy Newman's "You've Got a Friend in Me". John Lasseter, the director of the film, also received a Special Achievement Award for "the development and inspired application of techniques that have made possible the first feature-length computer-animated film".[75] Toy Story was also the first animated film to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay. At the 53rd Golden Globe Awards, Toy Story earned two Golden Globe nominations - Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy and Best Original Song. It was also nominated for Best Special Visual Effects at the 50th British Academy Film Awards.

Toy Story 2 won a Golden Globe for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy and earned a single Academy Award nomination for the song "When She Loved Me" performed by Sarah McLachlan. The Academy Award for Best Animated Feature was introduced in 2001 after the first two Toy Story installments.

Toy Story 3 won two Academy Awards – Best Animated Feature and Best Original Song. It earned three other nominations, including Best Picture, Best Adapted Screenplay, and Best Sound Editing. It was the third animated film in history to be nominated for Best Picture, after Beauty and the Beast and Up. Toy Story 3 also won the Golden Globe for Best Animated Feature Film and the award for Best Animated Film at the British Academy Film Awards.

Academy Awards[edit]

Category Film series
Toy Story[76] Toy Story 2[77] Toy Story 3[78]
Best Picture Nominated
Adapted Screenplay
Original Screenplay Nominated
Original Song Nominated Won
Music (Original Score)
Sound Editing Nominated
Animated Feature Award not yet introduced Won
Special Achievement Award Won (John Lasseter)

Cast and characters[edit]

Characters Main films Interstitials Spin-off film Television series Television specials
Toy Story Toy Story 2 Toy Story 3 Toy Story 4 Toy Story Treats Buzz Lightyear of Star Command:
The Adventure Begins
Buzz Lightyear of Star Command Toy Story Toons Toy Story of Terror! Toy Story That Time Forgot
1995 1999 2010 2019 1996 2000 2000–2001 2011–2012 2013 2014
Sheriff Woody Tom Hanks Jim Hanks Intro cameo Tom Hanks
Buzz Lightyear Tim Allen Tim Allen
Javier Fernandez-Peña
(spanish mode)
Tim Allen Pat Fraley Tim Allen Patrick Warburton Tim Allen
Javier Fernandez-Peña
(spanish mode)
Tim Allen
Jessie Joan Cusack
Mary Kay Bergman
(yodeling voice)
Sarah McLachlan
(singing voice)
Joan Cusack Silent cameo Intro cameo Joan Cusack
Mr. Potato Head Don Rickles TBA Don Rickles
Slinky Dog Jim Varney Blake Clark Silent cameo Blake Clark
Rex Wallace Shawn Intro cameo Wallace Shawn
Hamm John Ratzenberger Andrew Stanton John Ratzenberger Deleted scene
Bo Peep Annie Potts Silent cameo Annie Potts
Bullseye Frank Welker Silent cameo Animal sounds only Deleted scene
Mrs. Potato Head Estelle Harris Estelle Harris
Aliens Jeff Pidgeon
Debi Derryberry
Jeff Pidgeon Patrick Warburton
Jeff Pidgeon
(Andy's room)
Patrick Warburton Jeff Pidgeon Silent cameo
Sarge R. Lee Ermey R. Lee Ermey
Emperor Zurg Deleted scene Andrew Stanton Silent cameo Wayne Knight
Wheezy Joe Ranft
Robert Goulet
(singing voice)
Joe Ranft Intro cameo
Barbie Jodi Benson Jodi Benson
Andy Davis John Morris John Morris
Charlie Bright (young)
Ms. Davis Laurie Metcalf
Molly Davis Hannah Unkrich Beatrice Miller
Hannah Unkrich
(young; archive recordings)
Sid Phillips Erik von Detten Erik von Detten Erik von Detten
(archive recording)
Hannah Phillips Sarah Freeman
Al McWhiggin Wayne Knight Deleted scene
Stinky Pete Kelsey Grammer
Ken Michael Keaton Michael Keaton
Bonnie Anderson Emily Hahn TBA Emily Hahn
Mrs. Anderson Lori Alan Lori Alan
Mr. Pricklepants Timothy Dalton Timothy Dalton
Buttercup Jeff Garlin Jeff Garlin
Trixie Kristen Schaal Kristen Schaal
Dolly Bonnie Hunt Bonnie Hunt Deleted scene
Chuckles Bud Luckey TBA Bud Luckey
Lots-O'-Huggin' Bear "Lotso" Ned Beatty
Peas-in-a-Pod Charlie Bright
Amber Kroner
Brianna Maiwand
TBA
TBA
TBA
Zoe Levin
Big Baby Woody Smith
Bookworm Richard Kind
Jack-in-the-Box Lee Unkrich
Chatter Telephone Teddy Newton
Twitch John Cygan
Sparks Jan Rabson
Chunk Jack Angel
Stretch Whoopi Goldberg
TBA Patricia Arquette
  • Note: A dark grey cell indicates the character did not appear in that medium.

Crew[edit]

Film Director(s) Producer(s) Executive producer(s) Writer(s) Composer Editor(s)
Toy Story John Lasseter Ralph Guggenheim & Bonnie Arnold Ed Catmull & Steve Jobs Screenplay by: Joss Whedon, Andrew Stanton, Joel Cohen & Alec Sokolow
Story by: John Lasseter, Pete Docter, Andrew Stanton & Joe Ranft
Randy Newman Robert Gordon & Lee Unkrich
Toy Story 2 John Lasseter
Co-directed by: Lee Unkrich & Ash Brannon
Helene Plotkin & Karen Robert Jackson Sarah McArthur Screenplay by: Andrew Stanton, Rita Hsiao, Doug Chamberlin & Chris Webb
Story by: John Lasseter, Pete Docter, Ash Brannon & Andrew Stanton
Edie Bleiman, David Ian Salter & Lee Unkrich
Toy Story 3 Lee Unkrich Darla K. Anderson John Lasseter Screenplay by: Michael Arndt
Story by: John Lasseter, Andrew Stanton & Lee Unkrich
Ken Schretzmann
Toy Story 4 Josh Cooley[22] Jonas Rivera Screenplay by: Stephany Folsom
Story by: John Lasseter, Andrew Stanton, Pete Docter & Lee Unkrich
TBA

Other media[edit]

Buzz Lightyear of Star Command[edit]

Buzz Lightyear of Star Command is a spin-off TV series. The series takes place in the far future. It features Buzz Lightyear (voiced by Patrick Warburton), a famous, experienced Space Ranger who takes a crew of rookies under his wing as he investigates criminal activity across the galaxy and attempts to bring down Evil Emperor Zurg once and for all. It aired on ABC from October 2, 2000 to January 13, 2001.

Buzz Lightyear of Star Command: The Adventure Begins (2000)[edit]

Buzz Lightyear of Star Command: The Adventure Begins is a spin-off animated direct-to-video film, partially based on Toy Story. The film was released on August 8, 2000. It acts as a pilot to the television series Buzz Lightyear of Star Command and features Tim Allen as the voice of Buzz Lightyear, who is voiced by Patrick Warburton in the main series.[79] In this film, Buzz Lightyear is a space ranger who fights against the evil Emperor Zurg, showing the inspiration for the Buzz Lightyear toyline that exists in the Toy Story series. Although the film was criticized for not using the same animation as in Toy Story and Toy Story 2,[80] it sold three million VHS and DVDs in its first week of release.[81]

Comic books[edit]

  • A 4-issue limited series, Toy Story: Mysterious Stranger was published by Boom! Entertainment from May to August 2009. This was followed by an 8-issue ongoing series, starting with #0 in November 2009. Two Buzz Lightyear one-shots were released in 2010, for Free Comic Book Day and Halloween. A second 4-issue limited series, Toy Story: Toy Overboard was published by Boom! Entertainment from July to October 2010.
  • A 4-issue limited series by Marvel Comics Toy Story: Tales from the Toy Chest was published from May to August 2012.
  • Toy Story magazine was first released on 21 July 2010. Each edition was 24 pages in length, apart from the launch edition, which was 28 pages.[82]

Video games[edit]

Pixar created original animations for the games, including fully animated sequences for PC titles.

Woody and Buzz Lightyear were originally going to appear in the Final Mix version of the Disney/Square Enix video game Kingdom Hearts II. They were omitted from the final product, but their models appear in the game's coding, without textures. The director of the Kingdom Hearts series, Tetsuya Nomura, stated that he would like to include Pixar property in future Kingdom Hearts games, given Disney's purchase of Pixar.[85] A stage based on Toy Story will make its debut appearance in the series in Kingdom Hearts III, marking the first time that Pixar-based content appears in the series. The game will have an original story set in the Toy Story universe.[86]

Merchandising and software[edit]

Toy Story had a large promotion before its release, leading to numerous tie-ins with the film including images on food packaging.[87] A variety of merchandise was released during the film's theatrical run and its initial VHS release including toys, clothing, and shoes, among other things.[88] When action figures for Buzz Lightyear and Sheriff Woody were created, they were initially ignored by retailers. However, after over 250,000 figures were sold for each character before the film's release, demand continued to expand, eventually reaching over 25 million units sold by 2007.[89] Also, Disney's Animated Storybook: Toy Story and Disney's Activity Center: Toy Story were released for Windows and Mac.[90] Disney's Animated Storybook: Toy Story was the best selling software title of 1996, selling over 500,000 copies.[91]

Theme park[edit]

Totally Toy Story[edit]

Totally Toy Story
free standing
Status Closed
Opening date November 18, 1995
Closing date January 1, 1996
Tommorrowland
Disneyland
Status Closed
Opening date January 27, 1996
Closing date May 27, 1996
General Statistics
Theme Toy Story

Totally Toy Story was an instant theme park and a promotional event for the Toy Story movie premiere held at El Capitan Theatre and Masonic Convention Hall.

For the November 18, 1995 Toy Story premiere at El Capitan Theatre, Disney rented the Masonic Convention Hall, the next door building, for Totally Toy Story, an instant theme park and a promotional event for the movie. Movie goers paid an additional fee for the pop up park.[92][93] The promotional event had pre-sales over $1 million and remained opened until January 1, 1996.[93] The Toy Story Funhouse part was moved to Disneyland's Tomorrowland and opened there on January 27, 1996 and closed on May 27, 1996.[94]

Totally Toy Story, while in Hollywood, consisted of "Toy Story Art of Animation" exhibit in El Capitan's basement and the Toy Story Funhouse at the convention hall. The fun house consisted of 30,000-square-foot of various attractions. These attractions continue the story of the movie with the toys life-size.[93]

Attractions[edit]

Toy Story Funhouse attractions

  • Hamm's Theater - "Hamm’s All-Doll Revue" has energetic dancing and original songs lasted 20 minutes[93]
  • Buzz's Galaxy -[92]
    • "Buzz & the Buzz Lites" show included music from Frank Sinatra[93]
    • two arcade-style games, "Whack-A-Alien"[92]
    • a motion-simulator ride[93]
  • Woody's Roundup dance hall, live musicians and country line-dancing lessons[92]
  • Pizza Planet restaurant[93]
  • Green Army Men's obstacle course, participants strap on foot base to tackle the course[93]
  • Mr. Potato Head's Playroom, contained Etch-a-Sketches and other dexterity games had a floor made up of old game boards[93]
  • Totally Interactive Room, had Sega and Nintendo Toy Story games[93]
  • souvenir shop[93]

Impact[edit]

Toy Story's innovative computer animation had a large impact on the film industry. After the film's debut, various industries were interested in the technology used for the film. Graphics chip makers desired to compute imagery similar to the film's animation for personal computers; game developers wanted to learn how to replicate the animation for video games; and robotics researchers were interested in building artificial intelligence into their machines that compared to the lifelike characters in the film.[95] Various authors have also compared the film to an interpretation of Don Quixote as well as humanism.[96][97]

Gromit Unleashed[edit]

In 2013, Pixar designed a "Gromit Lightyear" sculpture based on the Aardman Animations character Gromit for Gromit Unleashed which sold for £65,000.[98]

To infinity and beyond![edit]

Buzz Lightyear's classic line "To infinity and beyond!" has seen usage not only on T-shirts, but among philosophers and mathematical theorists as well.[99][100][101] Lucia Hall of The Humanist linked the film's plot to an interpretation of humanism. She compared the phrase to "All this and heaven, too!", indicating one who is happy with a life on Earth as well as having an afterlife.[97] In 2008, during STS-124, astronauts took an action figure of Buzz Lightyear into space on the Discovery Space Shuttle as part of an educational experience for students that also stressed the catchphrase. The action figure was used for experiments in zero-g.[102] Also, in 2008, the phrase made international news when it was reported that a father and son had continually repeated the phrase to help them keep track of each other while treading water for 15 hours in the Atlantic Ocean.[103]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Graser, Marc (November 6, 2014). "John Lasseter to Direct 'Toy Story 4,' Out in 2017". Variety. Retrieved November 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c "Toy Story". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved December 19, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "Toy Story 2". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved December 19, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Toy Story 3". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved December 19, 2012. 
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