Toyota Corolla (E110)
The Corolla E110 was the eighth generation of cars sold by Toyota under the Corolla nameplate. Introduced in May 1995, the eighth generation shared its platform with its predecessor. Due to a recession, Toyota ordered Corolla development chief Takayasu Honda to cut costs, hence the carry-over engineering. For the general market, the Corolla was offered in Base, XLi, GLi, SE-G trim levels; this was the last Corolla generation to have an equivalent Sprinter model, the Levin sports package upgrade. The Sprinter Carib wagon was identical to the European Corolla wagon and was only available in Japan as a Sprinter; the previous generation E104 Corolla Touring Wagon continued to be sold alongside it. The Sprinter, exclusive to Toyota Auto Store Japanese dealerships was renamed the Toyota Allex and was modified from a sedan to four-door hatchback. Japanese models received minor changes in April 1997 with new nose and interior; the rear panel is different, therefore the trunk and tail lights are not interchangeable between the old and facelift models.
The new Japanese rear panel is the same as the European model. Japanese models were replaced by the E120 in 2000. Japanese market engines: 4A-GE – 1.6 L I4, 20-valve DOHC, FI, 165 ps 4A-FE – 1.6 L I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, 115 ps 5A-FE – 1.5 L I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, 100 ps 4E-FE – 1.3 L I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, 88 ps 3C-E – 2.2 L I4, diesel, EFi, 79 ps 2C-III – 2.0 L I4, diesel, FI, 73 ps Japanese market chassis: E111 — Sedan, wagon SE-G, S-Cruise, GT, Sprinter Carib, Levin E110 – Sedan LX, XE, SE Limited, Levin E114 – 4WD Wagon Sprinter Carib E115 – 4WD sedan Introduced in 1997, all Corollas for the North American market were built in Fremont, California or Cambridge, Ontario. Unlike the Japanese counterparts, the North American Corolla at this time was only offered as a four-door compact sedan. A new all-aluminum 1ZZ-FE engine powered all Corollas, making this generation lighter than its predecessor; this new engine uses a timing chain instead of a timing belt. It incorporated laser etched valve guides directly in the block, rather than the old shrink to fit valve guides in the predecessor Corolla motor.
This prevents oil valve guide failure in the future. In North America, only sedans were offered, all came with day-time running lights; this Corolla has a maximum legal carrying capacity of 1,500 lb. Grades were VE, CE, LE; the VE model was the base model available in a 3 speed automatic or the 5 speed manual transmission with 175/65R14 tires. The CE model offered either the 4 speed automatic with overdrive or the 5 speed manual transmission, while the LE offered the 4-speed automatic, but both offered 185/65R14 tires. An optional powered sunroof was offered on the LE models. An optional Touring Package with color matched side skirts, color matched rear mudflaps, a white faced instrument cluster with tachometer and outside temperature gauge, aluminum wheels was reserved for the VE, CE, LE models. Side airbags and ABS were optional for the CE and LE models, but few of them had them; the first batch of 1998 Corolla VE's did not have a front sway bar but by June 1998 it was included on all models.
VVT-i variable valve timing and individual coils for each cylinder were added to the engine in model year 2000 with a small increase in power from 120 hp to 125 hp along with child seat anchors added on the rear deck. The introduced VVT-i optimizes cam and valve timing to reduce emissions, the addition of individual coils for each cylinder helped control spark timing to each individual cylinder. For the 2001 US model year, the VE was replaced by a new S model; the CE now became a base model still offered in 5 speed manual or 3 speed automatic transmission and the sporty S served as the new Touring Package which can be had with a 5 speed manual or 4 speed automatic transmission. The 2001 model year got a slight refresh with the new front headlights/corner lights, redesigned front bumper, auxiliary DC power port with a higher armrest, inside trunk release for accidental lockouts in the trunk, new controls for the air conditioner that had the rear glass defrost button relocated with a button for the recirculation of air, round reverse lights.
The'sportiness' of the S model built upon the VE models with a gauge cluster with tachometer in a red/black theme with an outside temperature gauge, the lighter-weight 3-spoke steering wheel as used in the Toyota Celica of the same model year, a charcoal gray and black interior with lighter seats, standard front fog lamps, color matched side skirts, color matched rear mudflaps, color matched door handles and side mirrors, a color matched front grill, a trunk release lever next to the gasoline cap door lever, a trunk light, 14"'S' model wheel covers, lighted map lights on the rear view mirror. The S model lacked the 60/40 folding rear seat, power mirrors, reading lamps or tilt steering found in the LE model, in order to maintain a small weight difference over the VE model it replaced; as such, no sunroof option was available on the S models. The'S' model had minimal if any performance advantage over the other models, outside of larger tires, a stiffened rear suspension, for a minor improvement in handling: it was a styling and appearance package.
The 2002 model year was short and was only produced until the end of 2001 to make way for the redesigned model which launched in early 2002 for the 2003 model year. Toyota official accessories available through dealerships for all trim of the 8th gener
A coupé or coupe is a two-door car with a fixed roof. In the 21st century there are four-door cars with a coupé-like roofline sold as "four door coupés" or "quad coupés". Coupé was first applied to horse-drawn carriages for two passengers without rear-facing seats; the coupé name is a French language word, the past participle of the verb couper, translating as cut. There are two common pronunciations in English: koo-PAY, the anglicized version of the French pronunciation of coupé. KOOP in American English, due to people spelling the word without the acute accent, which resulted in them pronouncing it as one syllable; this change occurred and before World War II. This pronunciation is more common in the United States, for example the hot rodders' term Deuce Coupe used to refer to a 1932 Ford; the origin of the coupé body style come from the berline horse-drawn carriage. In the 18th century, the coupé version of the berline was introduced, a shortened version with no rear-facing seat. A coupé had a fixed glass window in the front of the passenger compartment.
The term "berline coupé" was shortened to "coupé". The coupé was considered to be an ideal vehicle for women to use to go shopping or to make social visits; the early coupé automobile's passenger compartment followed in general conception the design of horse-drawn coupés, with the driver in the open at the front and an enclosure behind him for two passengers on one bench seat. The French variant for this word thus denoted a car with a small passenger compartment. By the 1910s, the term had evolved to denote a two-door car with the driver and up to two passengers in an enclosure with a single bench seat; the coupé de ville, or coupé chauffeur, was an exception, retaining the open driver's section at front. In 1916, the Society of Automobile Engineers suggested nomenclature for car bodies that included the following: Coupe: An enclosed car operated from the inside with seats for two or three and sometimes a backward-facing fourth seat. Coupelet: A small car seating two or three with a folding top and full height doors with retractable windows.
Convertible coupe: A roadster with a removable coupé roof. During the 20th century, the term coupé was applied to various close-coupled cars. Since the 1960s the term coupé has referred to a two-door car with a fixed roof. Since 2005, several models with four doors have been marketed as "four-door coupés", however reactions are mixed about whether these models are sedans instead of coupés. According to Edmunds, the American online resource for automotive information, "the four-door coupe category doesn't exist." A coupé is a two-door fixed roof car but some manufacturers manage to fit four doors beneath coupe roofs and now describe these cars as four-door coupes. In 1977, International Standard ISO 3833-1977 defined a coupé as having a closed body with limited rear volume, a fixed roof of which a portion may be openable, at least two seats in at least one row, two side doors and a rear opening, at least two side windows. Coupés have been described as "any two-door other than a two-door sedan, smaller than a related four-door in the same model line", "shorter than a sedan of the same model" and that "all two-door two-seaters with a solid roof are coupes."Today, coupé is sometimes used by manufacturers as a marketing term, rather than a technical description of a body style.
This is because coupés in general are seen as more streamlined and sportier overall lines than those of comparable four-door sedans. Automobile manufacturers have therefore begun to use the term loosely, marketing sporty four-door models that feature sloping rooflines as coupés. Manufacturers have used the term "coupé" with reference to several varieties, including: A Berlinetta is a lightweight sporty two-door car with two-seats but including 2+2 cars. A two-door car with no rear seat or with a removable rear seat intended for travelling salespeople and other vendors carrying their wares with them. American manufacturers developed this style of coupe in the late 1930s. A two-door car with a larger rear-seat passenger area, compared with the smaller rear-seat area in a 2+2 body style. Saab uses the term combi coupé for a car body similar to the liftback. A four-door car with a coupé-like roofline at the rear; the low-roof design reduces headroom. The designation, first applied to a low-roof model of the Rover P5 from 1962 until 1973, was revived with the 1985 Toyota Carina ED, the 1992 Infiniti J30 and most with the first model 2005 Mercedes-Benz CLS.
The term originated for marketing reasons. The German press accepted the concept of a four-door coupé and applied it to similar models from other manufacturers such as the 2009 Jaguar XJ. Other manufacturers accepted it, producing recent competing models like Volkswagen Passat CC, BMW F06 and a five-door coupé, the Audi A7; the German automobile club ADAC on its website adopted this concept. In Germany, the definition of the coupé was divided into the classic coupé and 4-door coupé. A two-door designed for driving to the opera with easy access to the rear seats. Features sometimes included a folding front seat next to the driver or a compartment to store top hats, they would have solid rear-quarter panels, with small, circular windows, to enable the occupants to see out without being seen. These opera windows were revived on many U. S. automobiles during the 1970s and early 1980s. A quad coupé is two small rear doors and no B pillar; the three window coupé (commonly jus
The AE86 series of the Toyota Corolla Levin and Toyota Sprinter Trueno are small, front-engine/rear-drive models within the fifth generation Corolla range — marketed by Toyota from 1983 to 1987 in coupe and hatchback configurations. Lending themselves to racing, the cars were light, affordable modifiable and combined a five-speed manual transmission, optional limited slip differential, MacPherson strut front suspension, high revving, twin-cam engine with oil cooler, near 50/50 front/rear weight balance, a front-engine/rear-drive layout — at a time when this configuration was waning industry-wide. Popular for Showroom Stock, Group A, Group N, Rally and Club racing, the cars' inherent qualities earned the AE86 an early and enduring international prominence in the motorsport discipline of drifting; the AE86 featured centrally in the popular, long-running Japanese manga and anime series titled Initial D — as the main character's drift and tofu delivery car. In 2015, Road & Track called the AE86 "a cult icon, inextricably interwoven with the earliest days of drifting."The AE86 would go on to inspire the Toyota 86, a 2+2 sports car jointly developed by Toyota and Subaru, manufactured by Subaru — and marketed as the Toyota GT86, Toyota FT86, Scion FR-S and Subaru BRZ.
The nameplate Trueno derives from the Spanish word for thunder, Levin derives from the Middle English for lightning. In Japan, the Sprinter Trueno was exclusive to Toyota Japan dealerships called Toyota Auto Store, while the Corolla Levin was exclusive to Toyota Corolla Store; the name AE86 derives from Toyota's internal code during the car's development, designating the 1600 cc RWD model from the fifth generation of the Corolla. In Toyota's code language, the "A" designates the car's engine, "E" designates Corolla, "8" designates fifth generation and "6" designates the variant within this generation; the AE86 is called the "Hachi-Roku", Japanese for "eight-six". The AE85 was called "Hachi-Go", meaning "eight-five". Bracketing a minor external facelift, models marketed between 1983–1985 are called "zenki", those marketed from 1986–1987 are called "kouki". To mark the end of production, In 1987, Toyota marketed a limited edition model of the AE86 as the "Black Limited" model; the AE86 was available with a fuel injected aspirated 4A-GE Inline-four engine DOHC 4 valves per cylinder 1,587 cc in Japan and Europe, used in the first-generation Toyota MR2 and the facelift Toyota Celica GT-R and GT Carina with a compression ratio of 9.4:1, had a maximum SAE gross power output of 130 PS at 6,600 rpm and 110 lb⋅ft at 5,200 rpm of torque in standard form, though it was down-rated to 120 PS and 105 lb⋅ft in net output.
The AE86 came with a 5-speed manual gearbox, came with the option of an automatic. The 4A-GE engines used in the AE86 and AW11 were equipped with Toyota Variable Intake System; the AE86 had an optional LSD. In North America, a modified 4A-GEC engine was used to comply with California emissions regulations. Power was rated at 136 N ⋅ m of torque; the AE86 used ventilated disc brakes. The car was equipped with a MacPherson strut style independent suspension at the front and a four-link live axle with coil springs for the rear as well as stabilizer bars and rear. Higher- spec AE86 models known as the GTS featured the DOHC 4A-GE, 4 wheel disc brakes, color matched bumpers, front lower bumper surround had a much more sporty and pronounced lip, door panels were moulded, tachometer redline is around 7,500, wrapped steering wheel, seats had leather wrapped tops, optional LSD, aluminium wheels, chassis code in the VIN is AE88. Lower-spec American AE86 SR5 models used the 1,587 cc 4A-C SOHC unit, The SR5 rear end was a non LSD with drum brakes.
The SR5 model had a softer suspension, small styling and interior changes such as seats, gauge cluster, door panels, un-painted front and rear bumpers, the lower part of the front bumper surround is shorter and flat, its chassis code in the vin differs as well being AE86 for the SR5 model. Models equipped with the 4A-GE engine received a 6.7 in rear differential, while 4A-U, 4A-C models received a smaller, weaker, 6.38 in rear differential. The AE86 SR5 had an optional automatic transmission, though the GT-S model only came with a standard 5-speed manual gearbox. One of the staff, behind the car's engineering work was Nobuaki Katayama, who would head the company's motorsport department and who would become chief engineer of the Altezza project a decade later, he has a photo of an AE86 hung in his office. The Levin and Trueno featured fixed-headlights and retractable headlights with both available as hatchback or coupé; the export model name Corolla applies to both variations. The AE86 was rear wheel drive, unlike the front wheel drive CE80, EE80 and AE82 models in the same range.
Minor bodywork changes were made in 1986 which resulted in different tail lights and rear bumpers and headlight trim lights, grilles, are the main differences for both Levin and Trueno models, along with the coupe and hatchback styles. In Japan, the DOHC 4A-GEU AE86 was offered in GT, GT-APEX and GTV trims as the Corolla Levin or Sprinter Trueno. In North Ameri
Daihatsu Motor Co. Ltd. trading as Daihatsu, is one of the oldest surviving Japanese internal combustion engine manufacturers known for its range of smaller kei models and off-road vehicles. The headquarters are located in Osaka Prefecture; the company is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Toyota Motor Corporation since August 2016. The name "Daihatsu" is a combination of the first kanji for Ōsaka and the first of the word "engine manufacture". In the new combination the reading of the "大" is changed from "ō" to "dai", giving "dai hatsu". Daihatsu was formed in 1951 as a successor to Hatsudoki Seizo Co. Ltd, founded as part of Hatsudoki's major restructure. Hatsudoki's formation was influenced by the Engineering Department's faculty of Osaka University, to develop a gasoline-powered engine for small, stationary power plants. From the beginning of the company until 1930, when a prototype three-wheeler truck was considered and proposed, Hatsudoki's focus was steam engines for Japanese National Railways and included rail carriages for passenger transportation.
The company focused on railroad diesel engines, working with Niigata Engineering, Shinko Engineering Co. Ltd. Before the company began to manufacture automobiles, their primary Japanese competitor was Yanmar for diesel engines that weren't installed in a commercial truck to provide motivation. During the 1960s, Daihatsu began exporting its range to Europe, where it did not have major sales success until well into the 1980s. In Japan, many of Daihatsu's models are known as kei jidōsha. Daihatsu was an independent auto maker until Toyota became a major shareholder in 1967 as the Japanese government intended to open up the domestic market. According to Toyota, it was first approached by banker of Daihatsu. In 1995, Toyota increased its shareholding in the Company from 16.8 percent to 33.4 percent by acquiring shares from other shareholders: banks and insurance companies. At the time, the Company was producing some small cars under contract for Toyota. Toyota, by owning more than a one-third stake, would be able to veto shareholder resolutions at the annual meeting.
In 1998, Toyota increase its holding in the Company to 51.2 percent by purchasing shares from its major shareholders including financial institutions. In January 2011, Daihatsu announced that it would pull out of Europe by 2013, citing the persistently strong yen, which makes it difficult for the company to make a profit from its export business. Following the financial crisis Daihatsu's sales in Europe plummeted, from 58,000 in 2007 to 12,000 in 2011. In August 2016, Daihatsu became a wholly owned subsidiary of Toyota Motor Corporation. 1907 – Hatsudoki Seizo Co. Ltd. founded 1951 – Company renamed: Daihatsu Motor Co. Ltd. 1963 – Introduces the Daihatsu Compagno which utilized multiple bodystyles on one platform. 1967 – Starts cooperation with Toyota Motor Corporation 1971 – First generation of the Daihatsu Delta Truck model launched in Japan, a Toyota influenced four wheeled six ton cargo lorry. 1975 – Begins to supply diesel engines to the SEMAL company of Portugal for the new PORTARO 4X4 offroad vehicle series.
1987 – Daihatsu enters the US automotive market with the Charade 1988 – Daihatsu introduces the Rocky and Charade in the US market 1992 – Daihatsu shuts down US sales in February and ceases production of US-spec vehicles 1998 – Toyota gains a controlling interest in Daihatsu Motor Co. Ltd. 2011 – Daihatsu states that sales of Daihatsu motor cars will cease across Europe on 31 January 2013 2011 – Daihatsu invests 20 billion yen in Indonesia to build a factory that produces low-cost cars smaller than the Toyota Etios, launched in India in December 2010. The construction has been initialized on 70,000 square meters in May 27, 2011 and will start operation at the end of 2012 for producing 100,000 cars per year 2016 – Toyota purchases Daihatsu's remaining assets, therefore makes Daihatsu a wholly owned subsidiary Daihatsu's first export was in 1953, by 1980 half a million Daihatsu vehicles had been exported. Since the late 1990s, its exports have been contracting; this has been offset by the sale of Daihatsu vehicles through the Toyota channel, the sale of technology to Malaysia's Perodua.
Following the 1997 Asian financial crisis, Daihatsu closed their plants in Thailand and withdrew from the market entirely. Until withdrawing in March 1998 they had been selling the Mira range in Thailand, with certain local modifications, it was reported on 31 March 2005 that Toyota would withdraw Daihatsu from the Australian market after sales fell in 2005, in spite of the overall new-car market in Australia growing 7%. Daihatsu ended its Australian operations in March 2006 after 40 years there. Daihatsu's operations in Chile, where Daihatsu is well known for its 1970s models such as the Charade or Cuore, were threatened after low sales in 2004 and 2005. Toyota has stated that it intends to persist in the Chilean market for now, where only the Terios model is available. In Trinidad and Tobago, Daihatsu has had a market presence since 1958 when its Mark I Midget was a popular choice among market tradesmen. From 1978 until 2001, a local dealer marketed the Charmant, Rocky and later, the Terios and Grand Move which were popular.
The Delta chassis remained popular from its introduction in 1985 until today. Toyota Trinidad and Tobago Ltd. now markets Daihatsu YRV and Sirion under stiff competition. Daihatsu announced on 13 January 2011 that sales of Daihatsu motor cars would cease across Europe on 31 January 2013; this was due to the increasing strength of th
The Toyota AE85, sold as the Toyota Corolla Levin, Toyota Sprinter Trueno or Toyota Corolla DX is a rear-wheel drive sportscoupe manufactured by Toyota from 1983-1987. The AE85 shares its chassis and basic design with the famous AE86, but while the AE86 was designed for performance, the AE85 was designed for economy and differs in its engine; the chassis code "AE85" is used to describe the 1500 cc RWD model from the range. In classic Toyota code, the "A" represents the engine that came in the car, "E" represents the Corolla, "8" represents the fifth generation and "5" represents the variation within this generation; the Levin has fixed-headlights, the Trueno has retractable headlights, both came in hatchback or coupe variations. The AE85 was not sold in North America; the leading characters in the VIN do not always use the same characters as the chassis code, so some less powerful variants of the AE86 were sold there with an AE86 chassis code on the build plate in the engine bay but with AE85 in the VIN.
The inaugural AE85 model's standard equipment included Toyota's 3A-U carburetor-equipped Single Overhead Cam motor displacing 1,452cc and K50 cable-clutch transmission. It featured drum brakes, rack and pinion steering, it did not incorporate the limited-slip differential or rear disc brakes of the higher-performing AE86. The A Series engines are a family of straight-4 internal combustion engines with displacement from 1.3 L to 1.8 L produced by Toyota Motor Corporation. The AE85 featured the 3A-U engine. Toyota opted to use the older, less powerful engine in the AE85 to keep costs down, while still providing enough power for an economy class car; this decision lead the AE85 to be outclassed in horsepower by not only the stronger AE86, but most other options at the time. However, it was rated by the Japanese Ministry of Transport to have a fuel economy of 26.4 km/L when running at a constant speed of 60 km/h, drastically better than most other cars of its class. The AE85 and AE86 was available in multiple body variations, with fixed front headlights or pop-up headlights Because of their identical outward appearance, the variants can sometimes be mistaken.
All AE85 variants have 1.5 L engines, are nearly identical in form to their 1.6 L AE86 counterparts. The Corolla Levin was unique to Toyota Japan retail sales channel called Toyota Corolla Store, the Sprinter Trueno was available new only at Toyota Vista Store locations; the AE85 SR and SE both come in Levin or Trueno versions, the former being a 3-door hatchback, the latter being the 2-door variant. Both of these models were low grade versions; the XL model is a 2-door Trueno, the GL is a 2-door Levin. The Lisse and Lime were luxury variants of the XL and GL models, featuring automatic transmission and power steering, they were marketed towards women in Japan; the Lisse is a 2-door Trueno, the Lime is a 2-door Levin. Because they are different grades of the same model, it is difficult to distinguish between the AE85 and the AE86. If the model emblem is lost or removed, or the car has been painted, the two are indistinguishable by appearance alone. Furthermore, many modifications exist for these models.
However, if the hood is opened, the two grades have obvious engine differences, the model number is stamped into the monocoque. They have a distinctly different exhaust sound, one of the most obvious differences. A badge on the trunk will denote the variant, AE85 variants include: SR, SE, XL, GL. On Trueno models, the AE85 did not come standard with cornering lamps; the lower black metal windscreen cover is a different size between AE85 and AE86 The AE85 has a stabilizer on the rear suspension of the 3-door SR but not the other models, the AE86 has it on all models. AE85 uses a smaller'S' diff The manual transmission is K50 type with cable clutch as opposed to the AE86's T50 transmission with hydraulic clutch; the front brakes are solid disks, the rears are drum brakes. The AE86 has ventilated front disk brakes on the GT-Apex, GT-S, GT-V, GT models, but has solid rear disks; the North American AE86 SR-5 features solid front disk brakes, with drum type brakes at the rear. The front strut diameter is smaller on AE85 The AE85's front seats are more basic bucket seats and the steering wheel has two spokes, the AE86 has more ergonomic racing seats and a three spoke steering wheel.
The red zone of the tachometer starts at 6000 rpm, the AE86's starts at 7600 rpm. The AE85 steering column is not adjustable; the engine model is 1.5 L 3A-U SOHC, much less powerful than the 1.6 L 4A-GEU or 4A-C engine that AE86 cars had. The AE85 feature a SOHC engine for fuel efficiency, whereas the AE86 GT-V, GT-Apex, GT-S have a Dual Overhead Cam engine for more power and torque at the cost of efficiency; the car is known colloquially in Japan as the Hachi-Go, meaning "Eight-Five". The word "trueno" is Spanish for thunder, "levin" is Old English for "lightning". Privateer racing teams in Japan would use the AE85 and convert it to an AE86 since it is much cheaper by performing an engine swap. Using modifications such as a bolt-on turbo or supercharger, racers can strengthen their vehicle while keeping the light weight of the AE85 body. In anime and manga Initial D, side character Itsuki Takeuchi purchases an AE85 instead of an AE86 by mistake
Toyota ZR engine
The ZR engine gasoline-engine-family, introduced in 2007 by Toyota Motor Corporation, uses a DOHC 16-valve cylinder head with a 4-cylinder die-cast block. Engines displace either 1.8-liters or 2.0-liters. All engines in this family are equipped with Toyota's dual VVT-i technology that optimizes both intake and exhaust valve timing; this engine family is the first to use Toyota's Valvematic system, first appearing on the Noah and Voxy in 2007 and the European Avensis in 2009. The Toyota 1ZR-FE is a 16-valve, 1.6 L engine equipped with dual VVT-i. This engine is available with a "multi-mode" manual transmission; this new engine is now replacing the 3ZZ-FE engine in most applications. Output for this engine is rated at 113 lb ⋅ ft of torque at 5200 rpm net. Specifications Engine type: In-Line 4-cylinder DOHC 16-valve Bore x Stroke: 80.5 mm × 78.5 mm Compression Ratio: 10.2:1Applications Toyota Auris Toyota Corolla Toyota Corolla Altis Toyota Vios The Toyota 1ZR-FAE is a DOHC, 16-valve, 1.6 L engine equipped with Dual VVT-i and Valvematic.
Output for this engine is rated at 132 hp at 6400 rpm and 118 lb⋅ft of torque at 4400 rpm for the Avensis. Compression ratio has been increased to 10.7:1, red line is at 6600 rpm. Valvematic varies the intake valve lift between 1 and 11 mm according to load and RPM. Applications Toyota Auris Toyota Corolla Toyota Avensis Toyota Verso Lotus Elise The Toyota 1ZR-FBE is a flex fuel version of the 1ZR-FE the DOHC, 16-valve, 1.6 L engine equipped with Dual VVT-i and Valvematic. Output for this engine is rated at 125 hp at 6000 rpm and 116 lb⋅ft of torque at 5200 rpm. Applications Toyota Corolla The Toyota 2ZR-FE is a DOHC, 16-valve, 1.8 L engine equipped with Dual VVT-i. This new engine is now replacing the 1ZZ-FE engine in most applications. Output for this engine is rated at 98–103 kW at 6000 rpm and 173 N⋅m of torque at 4400 rpm for the Corolla and Vibe and 95 kW and 171 N⋅m of torque in the Scion xD. Specifications Engine Type: In-Line 4-cylinder DOHC 16-valve Bore × Stroke = 80.5 mm × 88.3 mm Compression Ratio: 10.0:1 Weight: 97 kg, without fuel 15.2 km/L fuel consumption Applications Toyota Allion 2007-2009 Toyota Premio 2007-2009 Toyota Corolla Toyota Corolla Toyota Corolla Axio/Fielder Toyota Corolla Axio/Fielder Toyota Corolla Hatchback Toyota Auris Toyota Yaris Toyota Matrix/Pontiac Vibe Toyota Yaris GRMN with supercharger Scion xD Lotus Elise Model Year >= 2012 with Magnuson R900 supercharger Junpai D60 The Toyota 2ZR-FAE is a DOHC, 16-valve, 1.8 L this engine adopts the Valvematic system.
This all-new engine is progressively replacing the 2ZR-FE engine in most applications. Variants of this engine produce 104 -- 171 -- 175 N ⋅ m of torque. Compression ratio is 10.5:1 and redline is at 6600 rpm. The engine consumes 5–10% less fuel than the 2ZR-FE depending on the application. A special version of the 2ZR-FAE was introduced by Toyota in 2016 for the Taiwanese version of the Toyota Sienta. Unlike the original 2ZR-FAE, this version was created by adding the Valvematic system to the standard 2ZR-FE engine used in the Toyota Corolla Altis sold there, resulting in total power of 140 PS at 6200 rpm and a peak torque of 172 N⋅m. Applications Toyota Auris Toyota Avensis Toyota Corolla LE Eco only. Output for this engine is rated at 131 lb ⋅ ft of torque at 4000 rpm. Applications Toyota Corolla Toyota C-HR The Toyota 2ZR-FXE is a 1.8 L Atkinson cycle variant of the 2ZR-FE. It has the same bore and stroke, but the compression ratio is increased to 13.0:1, the inlet valve closing is retarded.
The net result is. Output is 73 kW and 142 N⋅m of torque, paired with electric motor/generators in the hybrid drive system. Thermal efficiency is about 38.5%. For the 2016 Toyota Prius, output is 95 hp at 5200 rpm and 105 lb⋅ft of torque at 3600 rpm, or when paired with electric motor/generators 71 hp and 120 lb⋅ft of torque in the hybrid drive system. Thermal efficiency is
Toyota Corolla (E90)
The Corolla E90 was the sixth generation of cars sold by Toyota under the Corolla nameplate. In general, all models departed from the previous generation's boxy styling for a more contemporary look and improved aerodynamics; the design team worked under the slogan of "new feeling of roundness." The performance option of rear-wheel drive was dropped after 1987, with all Corollas front-wheel drive from 1987, with E90 production beginning in May 1987. For general export, the trim levels are Base, XL, GL, SE, SE Limited; the GT-i was sold in smaller numbers in certain countries. The majority of the Corolla range was replaced in June 1991 for the Japanese market, with production for most export markets continuing into 1992. In Australia, it was built until mid-1994; the all wheel drive Sprinter Carib wagon used a solid axle rear suspension with coil springs, while the rest used struts all around. The 4WD wagon had different bodywork to other Corollas, it was called the sold with the Tercel or Corolla name in some countries.
High performance GT-i models are powered by the 4A-GE, offered as a three-door hatchback and five-door liftback. The North American GT-S coupé shared the same engine; the 1.3 liter sedan has a three-speed automatic transmission. The only model with the 1.5 liter 5A-FHE was SE-Limited G. The 4WD sedan is powered by the 1.6 liter 4A-F. The 1456 cc 3E engine was only fitted to the Japanese market Van commercial version; the Sprinter sedan has a third window in the C-pillar and was unique to Toyota Vista Store Japanese dealerships. The AE92 Levin and Trueno were fitted with a supercharged engine, it used an SC12 roots type supercharger and a top mounted intercooler, fed cool air via a scoop on the bonnet. They generated 206 N⋅m at 4400 rpm as opposed to the aspirated 4A-GE's 136 N⋅m at 4,800 rpm. Japanese market chassis: EE90 — Sedan 4-door 1.3 liter. AE91 — Sedan 4-door, wagon 5-door 1.5 liter AE92 — 2 door coupé, Sedan 4-door, Liftback 1.6 liter AE95 — 4WD sedan 4-door 1.6 liter AE95G — 4WD wagon 5-door CE96V — FWD van 5-door 1.8 liter diesel EE97V — FWD van 5-door 1.3 liter EE98V — FWD van 5-door 1.45 literJapanese market engines: 2E — 1.3 liter 3E — 1.45 liter 5A-F — 1.5 liter 5A-FE — 1.5 liter EFI 5A-FHE — 1.5 liter EFI 4A-F — 1.6 liter 4A-GE — 1.6 liter 16-valve DOHC, EFI 4A-GZE — 1.6 L I4, 16-valve DOHC, EFI, wide valve angle, supercharger, 165 hp fitted to the "GT-Z" version.
Asian market Corollas came with four-door sedan or five-door liftback bodywork. The engines were the 12 valve 2E with 72 PS or the Twin Cam 16-valve 4A-F with 94 PS. All engines were carbureted and without catalysts. There is a GT variant which features disc brakes on all wheels, additional gauges, performance suspension and a more powerful 1.6-litre 4A-GE engine with 142 PS. In December 1988, Toyota formed a joint venture with Holden called UAAI to build and market the Toyota Corolla as the Holden Nova; this agreement paralleled two Corolla generations including E100 series. Australian market engines: 4A-F — 1.6 L I4, 16-valve DOHC, carb, 95 hp CS, CS Limited, CSX & Spirit 4A-FE — 1.6 L I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, narrow valve angle, 102 hp XL, SR5, CSi, CSi Limited, Olympic Spirit 4A-GE — 1.6 L I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, wide valve angle, 135 hp SX, & GTi 6A-FC — 1.4 L I4, 16-valve DOHC, narrow valve angle, 81 hp SE 7A-FE — 1.8 L I4, 16-valve DOHC, FI, narrow valve angle, 115 hp Seca RV & Seca UltimaAustralian market chassis: AE90 — Sedan, Hatchback AE92 — Sedan, Seca AE93 — Hatchback, Seca AE94 — Sedan, Seca AE95 — Wagon AE96 — Seca Note: Corolla Liftback was called Seca in Australia The Corolla 4x4 wagon was released in mid-1988, Seca & Sedan released mid-1989 SX is AE93 although on rare occasions they are found to be AE92R The facelift series 2 models were released in October 1992 6A-FC was only found in SE hatchbacks and early SE Sedans Corollas with 7A-FE engine were AE94 Ultimas in early 1992 and AE96 Ultimas & RV's in late 92 onwards The European model Corolla featured either a four-door sedan and a three- or five-door hatchback, the regular wagon has the front end of the Japan-spec Corolla FX, except for the all white clearance lights and the "TOYOTA" or the ellipse emblem instead of the "FX" or "GT" of the Japanese models.
It has the standard side marker lights and the tail light with the integrated rear fog lamp European market Corollas have headlight washers on the XL and the XLi models. The five-door liftback used the Japanese market Sprinter Cielo body in its entirety, although in Europe it was available with the little 1.3 liter engine as well. The second generation Sprinter Carib was sold as a Corolla in Europe, where it replaced the Tercel Wagon; this little four-wheel drive station wagon received the "Touring" suffix in most European markets. The hatchback, representing the most popular and most contested market segment in Europe, suffered from being somewhat of a design afterthought; as opposed to its European competitors, where hatchbacks received a tacked-on trunk to become sedans (à la Ford's Orion, the Vol