Gold Logie Award for Most Popular Personality on Australian Television
The Gold Logie Award for Most Popular Personality on Australian Television referred to as the Gold Logie, is an award presented annually at the Australian TV Week Logie Awards. It was first awarded at the 2nd Annual TV Week Logie Awards, held in 1960 when the award was called Most Popular Personality on Australian Television, it was renamed Best Personality on Australian Television in 2016-2017. For the 2018 ceremony, the award category name was reverted to Most Popular Personality on Australian Television; the winner and nominees of the Gold Logie are chosen by the public through an online voting survey on the TV Week website. Gold Logies were awarded for separate male and female categories in 1962, 1967, 1970, 1971, between 1974 and 1977. Graham Kennedy and Ray Martin hold the record for the most wins with five awards each; the most represented programs are The Don Lane Show and Blue Heelers Official website
David Nicholas Reyne is an Australian actor, musician and radio presenter. Reyne was born in Nigeria to an Australian mother and English diplomat father; the family moved to Australia in the early 1960s. Reyne lives in Victoria, he was educated at Mount Eliza. In 1978 when Clutch Cargo became the band Australian Crawl, younger brother of lead singer James, continued as drummer, he filled this role for ten months before leaving to continue his acting education. He was drummer for Cats Under Pressure and Chantoozies. Reyne co-wrote "Polar Notch" and "Let Me Be" for Cats Under Pressure, the latter was covered by Daryl Braithwaite. Whilst with Chantoozies, Reyne sang backing vocals. Chantoozies most popular tracks were covers of Redbone's "Witch Queen", John Kongos' "He's Gonna Step On You Again" and Stephen Stills' "Love the One You're With". Reyne began his acting career with a minor role in Skin Deep. At the April 1985 TV Week Logie Awards ceremony, he won the 1984 Best New Talent Logie for his work in the ongoing role of Martin Kabel in the ABC series Sweet and Sour.
Reyne's role as Kabel, "The Takeaways" guitarist/vocalist was shared with John Clifforth of the Australian pop music band Deckchairs Overboard who performed the on-screen vocals. Reyne followed this in 1985 with the ongoing role of Detective Vince Bailey in Nine Network soap opera Possession. Reyne played lothario Dr. Guy Reid in the final two seasons of the Australian drama series, The Flying Doctors. In 2012, Reyne guest appeared in Neighbours. However, he only appeared in one episode. Reyne has worked as a television presenter, he hosted Midday in 1995 with Tracy Grimshaw and worked as a reporter for the travel show Getaway from 1992 to 2006. After leaving Getaway Reyne signed with Network Ten to co-host with Kim Watkins the new morning show 9am with David and Kim which began 30 January 2006 and ended at the end of 2009. In May 2012, Reyne joined smoothFM in Sydney and Melbourne to host Wind Down from 8pm - 12am on weeknights, he remained with the station until his contract ended in March 2013.
Reyne married Karina Loscher in 1994. David Reyne on IMDb TV.com entry on David Reyne David Reyne Channel Ten biography
Karl Stefanovic is an Australian Gold Logie-winning television presenter. Stefanovic is the host of Nine Network's show This Time Next Year and was co-host of Today, the Nine Network's breakfast program, with Georgie Gardner for 14 years until it was announced in December 2018 that he will not be returning to the role as co-host in 2019. Stefanovic studied journalism at university, but after earning his degree could not secure a cadetship. At his father's suggestion, he auditioned for NIDA, but did not make the final cut despite making it through a few rounds of auditions. Although he was encouraged to re-apply for the following year, he took up a job offer from WIN Television in Rockhampton instead. In 1994, he began working for WIN in Cairns as a cadet reporter. In 1996, Stefanovic took up a position with TVNZ as a reporter for One Network News in New Zealand. In 1998, Stefanovic returned to Australia with a job reporting and presenting for Ten News in Brisbane, acted as a fill-in news presenter for Ron Wilson in Sydney.
In 2000, Stefanovic moved to the Nine Network as a reporter and back-up presenter for National Nine News in Brisbane. He received a Queensland Media Award for Best News Coverage for his report on the Childers backpacker hostel fire in 2000, his reports on the 2001 Warragamba bushfires from Sussex Inlet in January 2002 led to his appointment to Nine's Sydney newsroom, he was involved in the coverage of the 2003 Canberra bushfires. In February 2005, Stefanovic replaced Today host Steve Liebmann and co-hosts the program with Georgie Gardner, he has been a fill-in host on A Current Affair for Tracy Grimshaw. In 2006, he participated in the Nine Network reality television show Torvill and Dean's Dancing on Ice, he made it to the grand final of the show, but was beaten by Jake Wall by a viewer poll. In 2008, Stefanovic took over as host of Nine Network's Carols by Candlelight with Lisa Wilkinson replacing longtime host Ray Martin, he continued to host Carols by Candlelight until 2012. In 2011, along with his hosting role at Today, Stefanovic is a contributing reporter on 60 Minutes.
More Stefanovic began hosting a Sunday evening edition of A Current Affair. In December 2011 Stefanovic was a crew member aboard racing supermaxi yacht Investec LOYAL when it won line honours in the 2011 Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race. Stefanovic hosted the Nine Network's evening reports on the 2012 London Olympics. In December 2013, Stefanovic was a crew member aboard racing supermaxi yacht Perpetual Loyal in the 2013 Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race, with his other celebrity crew members, Larry Emdur, Guillaume Brahimi, Tom Slingsby, Phil Waugh and Jude Bolton. In October 2015, Stefanovic hosted; the weekly show mixed elements of successful programs The Project and Q&A but courted controversy with its line-up of panelists. In July 2017, Stefanvoic began hosting This Time Next Year on the Nine Network. In December 2018, the Nine Network announced Stefanovic will not be returning as a co-host of Today in 2019. Stefanovic was born in Darlinghurst, New South Wales to a Serbian-German father and an Australian mother.
His younger brother, Peter Stefanovic, is a correspondent with 60 Minutes. He was educated at St Augustines College, Anglican Church Grammar School and the Queensland University of Technology, where he graduated with a degree in journalism in 1994. Karl met journalist Cassandra Thorburn at a party in Rockhampton in 1995 and married. In September 2016, it was revealed. In February 2018, Stefanovic made public his engagement to Jasmine Yarbrough, he married Yarbrough in December 2018, at a ceremony in Mexico described as "extravagant". In July 2016, Stefanovic attracted criticism from the LGBT community after using the word "tranny" and making a number of jokes deemed transphobic during a segment on Today. On 29 July 2016, a day after the segment, Stefanovic made a public apology on the show stating that "I was an ignorant tool,” and further explained that he was informed of how offensive the term was considered. At the 2011 Logie Awards, Stefanovic won two awards - the Gold Logie for Most Popular Personality, the Silver Logie for Most Popular Presenter.
On 15 November 2014, Stefanovic revealed in an interview with Fairfax Media that he had been wearing the same suit on-air every day for a year, "except for a couple of times because of circumstance," as what he claimed to be an experiment in sexism. He claims that, while his female colleagues receive regular criticism for whatever they wear, nobody noticed his outfit the whole time, he did, vary his ties and shirts more than his suit. Karl Stefanovic profile at TODAY Karl Stefanovic Twitter Karl Stefanovic on IMDb
Katherine Anne Couric is an American journalist and author. She served as Yahoo's Global News Anchor. Couric has been a television host on all Big Three television networks in the United States, in her early career was an Assignment Editor for CNN, she worked for NBC News from 1989 to 2006, CBS News from 2006 to 2011, ABC News from 2011 to 2014. In addition to her television news roles, she hosted Katie, a syndicated daytime talk show produced by Disney–ABC Domestic Television from September 10, 2012, to June 9, 2014; some of her most important notable roles include co-host of Today, anchor of the CBS Evening News, correspondent for 60 Minutes. She reported for nearly every television news broadcast across ABC, CBS and NBC. Couric's 2011 book, The Best Advice I Ever Got: Lessons from Extraordinary Lives, was a New York Times best-seller. In 2004, Couric earned induction into the Television Hall of Fame. Katie Couric was born in Arlington, the daughter of Elinor Tullie, a homemaker and part-time writer, John Martin Couric, a public relations executive and news editor at The Atlanta Journal-Constitution and the United Press in Washington, D.
C. Although her mother was Jewish, Couric was raised as a Presbyterian. In a report for Today, she traced her patrilineal ancestry back to a French orphan who immigrated to the U. S. in the 19th century and became a broker in the cotton business. Couric attended Arlington Public Schools: Jamestown Elementary, Williamsburg Middle School, Yorktown High School and was a cheerleader; as a high school student, she was an intern at Washington, D. C. all-news radio station WAVA. She enrolled at her father's alma mater, the University of Virginia, in 1975 and was a Delta Delta Delta sorority sister. Couric served in several positions at The Cavalier Daily. During her fourth year at UVA, Couric was chosen to live as Senior Resident of The Lawn, the heart of Thomas Jefferson's Academical Village, she graduated in 1979 with a bachelor's degree in American Studies. Couric's first job in 1979 was at the ABC News bureau in Washington, D. C. joining CNN as an assignment editor. Between 1984 and 1986, she worked as a general-assignment reporter for the then-CBS affiliate WTVJ in Miami, Florida.
During the following two years, she reported for WRC-TV, the NBC owned- and -operated station in Washington, D. C. work which earned her an Emmy. Couric joined NBC News in 1989 as Deputy Pentagon Correspondent. From 1989 to 1991, Couric was an anchor substitute, she filled in for Bryant Gumbel as host of Today, Jane Pauley, Deborah Norville as co-anchor of Today, Garrick Utley, Mary Alice Williams, Maria Shriver as co-host of Sunday Today, John Palmer and Faith Daniels as anchor of the former NBC News program NBC News at Sunrise. She subbed for Daniels and John Palmer as the news anchor on Today, she returned to NBC to co-host the 2018 Winter Olympics opening ceremonies with Mike Tirico, to provide additional Winter Olympic coverage and athlete interviews. During the opening ceremony she suggested, that the Dutch use their skates as a normal mode of transportation during wintertime, prompting criticism and bemusement from the U. S. Embassy in the Netherlands and others. Couric apologized that her intended compliment didn't "come out" as intended, which the Embassy accepted, invited her to the Netherlands for a tour.
In 1989, Couric joined Today as national political correspondent, becoming a substitute co-host in February 1991 when Norville went on maternity leave. Norville did not return and Couric became permanent co-anchor on April 5, 1991. In 1994, she became co-anchor of Now with Tom Brokaw and Katie Couric—an evening time weekly TV newsmagazine with Tom Brokaw—which was terminated and folded into part of Dateline NBC, where her reports appeared and she was named the anchor, she remained at Today and NBC News for fifteen years until May 31, 2006, when she announced that she would be going to CBS to anchor the CBS Evening News, becoming the first solo female anchor of the "big three" weekday nightly news broadcasts. While at NBC, Couric filled in for Tom Brokaw on NBC Nightly News. From 1989–1993, Couric filled in for Maria Shriver on the Sunday Edition of NBC Nightly News and for Garrick Utley on the Saturday Edition of NBC Nightly News. In addition, during her time on Today she served as a host of the annual Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade for 15 years from 1991–2005.
Couric hosted or worked on a number of news specials, like Everybody's Business: America's Children in 1995. Similar entertainment specials were Legend to Legend Night: A Celebrity Cavalcade in 1993, Harry Potter: Behind the Magic in 2001. Couric has co-hosted the opening ceremonies of the Olympic Games, she has broadcast beginning with the 2000 Summer Olympics. Couric has interviewed many international political figures and celebrities, including presidents Gerald R. Ford, Jimmy Carter, George H. W. Bush, Bill Clinton and George W. Bush, First Lady Barbara Bush. John F. Kennedy, Jr. gave Couric his last interviews. Couric has won multiple television reporting awards throughout her career, including the prestigious Peabody Award for her series Confronting Colon Cancer. Couric has interviewed former British Prime Minister Tony Blair, U. S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, Harry Potter author J. K. Rowling, Laura Bush. On May 28, 2008, Couric made a return visit to Today since leaving two years to the day back on May 31, 2006.
She made this appearance alongside her evening counterparts, NBC Nightly News' Brian Williams & ABC World News' Charles Gibson, to promo
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about 70 km on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the south and Macarthur to the south-west. Sydney is made up of 40 local government areas and 15 contiguous regions. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders"; as of June 2017, Sydney's estimated metropolitan population was 5,230,330 and is home to 65% of the state's population. Indigenous Australians have inhabited the Sydney area for at least 30,000 years, thousands of engravings remain throughout the region, making it one of the richest in Australia in terms of Aboriginal archaeological sites. During his first Pacific voyage in 1770, Lieutenant James Cook and his crew became the first Europeans to chart the eastern coast of Australia, making landfall at Botany Bay and inspiring British interest in the area.
In 1788, the First Fleet of convicts, led by Arthur Phillip, founded Sydney as a British penal colony, the first European settlement in Australia. Phillip named the city Sydney in recognition of 1st Viscount Sydney. Penal transportation to New South Wales ended soon after Sydney was incorporated as a city in 1842. A gold rush occurred in the colony in 1851, over the next century, Sydney transformed from a colonial outpost into a major global cultural and economic centre. After World War II, it experienced mass migration and became one of the most multicultural cities in the world. At the time of the 2011 census, more than 250 different languages were spoken in Sydney. In the 2016 Census, about 35.8% of residents spoke a language other than English at home. Furthermore, 45.4% of the population reported having been born overseas, making Sydney the 3rd largest foreign born population of any city in the world after London and New York City, respectively. Despite being one of the most expensive cities in the world, the 2018 Mercer Quality of Living Survey ranks Sydney tenth in the world in terms of quality of living, making it one of the most livable cities.
It is classified as an Alpha+ World City by Globalization and World Cities Research Network, indicating its influence in the region and throughout the world. Ranked eleventh in the world for economic opportunity, Sydney has an advanced market economy with strengths in finance and tourism. There is a significant concentration of foreign banks and multinational corporations in Sydney and the city is promoted as Australia's financial capital and one of Asia Pacific's leading financial hubs. Established in 1850, the University of Sydney is Australia's first university and is regarded as one of the world's leading universities. Sydney is home to the oldest library in Australia, State Library of New South Wales, opened in 1826. Sydney has hosted major international sporting events such as the 2000 Summer Olympics; the city is among the top fifteen most-visited cities in the world, with millions of tourists coming each year to see the city's landmarks. Boasting over 1,000,000 ha of nature reserves and parks, its notable natural features include Sydney Harbour, the Royal National Park, Royal Botanic Garden and Hyde Park, the oldest parkland in the country.
Built attractions such as the Sydney Harbour Bridge and the World Heritage-listed Sydney Opera House are well known to international visitors. The main passenger airport serving the metropolitan area is Kingsford-Smith Airport, one of the world's oldest continually operating airports. Established in 1906, Central station, the largest and busiest railway station in the state, is the main hub of the city's rail network; the first people to inhabit the area now known as Sydney were indigenous Australians having migrated from northern Australia and before that from southeast Asia. Radiocarbon dating suggests human activity first started to occur in the Sydney area from around 30,735 years ago. However, numerous Aboriginal stone tools were found in Western Sydney's gravel sediments that were dated from 45,000 to 50,000 years BP, which would indicate that there was human settlement in Sydney earlier than thought; the first meeting between the native people and the British occurred on 29 April 1770 when Lieutenant James Cook landed at Botany Bay on the Kurnell Peninsula and encountered the Gweagal clan.
He noted in his journal that they were somewhat hostile towards the foreign visitors. Cook was not commissioned to start a settlement, he spent a short time collecting food and conducting scientific observations before continuing further north along the east coast of Australia and claiming the new land he had discovered for Britain. Prior to the arrival of the British there were 4,000 to 8,000 native people in Sydney from as many as 29 different clans; the earliest British settlers called the natives Eora people. "Eora" is the term the indigenous population used to explain their origins upon first contact with the British. Its literal meaning is "from this place". Sydney Cove from Port Jackson to Petersham was inhabited by the Cadigal clan; the principal language groups were Darug and Dharawal. The earliest Europeans to visit the area noted that the indigenous people were conducting activities such as camping and fishing, using trees for bark and food, collecting shells, cooking fish. Britain—before that, England—and Ireland had for a long time been sending their convicts across the Atlantic to the American colonies.
That trade was ended with the Declaration of Independence by the United States in 1776. Britain decided in 1786 to found a new penal outpost in the territory discovered by Cook some 16 years ear
Westmead Hospital is a major tertiary hospital in Sydney, Australia. Opened on 10 November 1978, the 975-bed hospital forms part of the Western Sydney Local Health District, is a teaching hospital of Sydney Medical School at the University of Sydney; the hospital serves a population of 1.85m people and is located on one of the largest health and hospital campuses in Australia. In 2016/17, Westmead Hospital provided more than 1.5m occasions of care to outpatients, in addition to 107,000 inpatients. Annually, there are over 21,000 medical operations 5,800 births, more than 75,000 presentations to emergency department. Westmead Hospital is located on the junction of Darcy and Hawkesbury Roads in Westmead and provides a full range of tertiary medical and dental services except for paediatrics, serviced by the adjacent Children's Hospital at Westmead, relocated from Camperdown to Westmead in 1995; the Hospital includes a large Dental Clinical School and extensive clinical pathology and medical research facilities.
From 1995 to 2017 the statewide NETS, the Newborn and paediatric Emergency Transport Service was hosted at Westmead Hospital, prior to moving to make way for a new acute services block for the hospital. Located nearby are the Cumberland Hospital and Westmead Private Hospital, a division of Ramsay Health Care; the history of health service in western Sydney began with a tent hospital established in Parramatta to meet the medical needs of convicts, military personnel, early settlers in 1789. The hospital at Parramatta saw many changes over the years, firstly in 1818, it was known as the Colonial Hospital and in 1897, the hospital was expanded and became known as the Parramatta District Hospital; as population expanded in Sydney's west, the services provided at Parramatta became inadequate to meet demand. The hospital was the first major tertiary referral health centre in outer Sydney. Prior to its existence, referral health services were provided in inner-city centres such as the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, the Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney Hospital, Royal North Shore Hospital and St Vincent's Hospital.
The Westmead Hospital known as the Westmead Centre, was established on 10 November 1978, changing the role of Parramatta Hospital. Acute services were relocated to Westmead Hospital with the Parramatta building continuing to function as the rehabilitation arm of Westmead Hospital. In 1991, all services moved out of the old Parramatta Hospital and in 1995 the building was decommissioned and redeveloped into the Parramatta Justice Precinct. Parramatta Community Health Centre, located in Jeffery House, still operates on part of the original site. Westmead Hospital, together with the Parramatta Hospital, was governed by a local hospital Board; when local boards were restructured into Area Health Services by the New South Wales state government, Westmead Hospital became part of the Western Sydney Area Health Service, together with Westmead Dental Hospital, Cumberland Hospital, district hospitals at Blacktown and Mount Druitt. In 2005, the boundaries of the Area Health Services were changed, and, up until 31 December 2010, Westmead Hospital was one of two tertiary teaching hospitals, part of the Sydney West Area Health Service.
Following the formation of Local Health Networks on 1 January 2011, Westmead Hospital became part of the Western Sydney Local Health District, together with Westmead Dental Hospital, district hospitals at Blacktown and Mount Druitt. In 2004, a contract worth in excess of A$142 million for refurbishment and development of new facilities at Westmead Hospital was awarded to Thiess; as works were nearly completion in July 2007, NSW Minister for Health, Reba Meagher together with NSW Member for Parramatta Tanya Gadiel inspected the new Women's Health and Newborn Care Centre that provides a new birthing unit, special care nursery and neonatal intensive care unit, 41-bed maternity ward and gynaecology inpatient wards and ambulatory care clinics in the one location. It is expected. Refurbishment of cancer wards at Westmead Hospital occurred at around the same time. In 2011, the facilities were renamed as the Crown Princess Mary Cancer Centre Westmead. Inspecting the facilities during 2007, Ms Meagher stated: This means that patient care at every level will be organised to ensure smooth transition between hospital inpatient services, community treatment or palliative care as people's care needs change.
The co-location of a range of speciality cancer services means patients will be able to receive diagnoses and a range of treatments and rehabilitation without the need to make separate trips. Other facilities to be refurbished under the Theiss contract included facilities for intensive care and renal treatments. In March 2012, a food-court style emporium was opened on the ground level precinct introducing a wide variety of cuisines to the standard hospital fare, including a sweets and desserts cafe, pizza, fresh salads and sandwich bar, gelato station, various selections of hot foods. A number of retail stores including a hair and beauty salon, phones outlet and convenience store is under development; as well as General Wards, there are a range of high dependency wards at Westmead Hospital including a Coronary Care Unit, an Intensive Care Unit, a Special Care Nursery, High Dependency Wards, a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. For a
Beaconsfield Mine collapse
The Beaconsfield gold mine collapsed on 25 April 2006 in Beaconsfield, Australia. Of the seventeen people who were in the mine at the time, fourteen escaped following the collapse, one was killed and the remaining two were found alive using a remote-controlled device; these two miners were rescued on 9 May 2006, two weeks after being trapped nearly a kilometre below the surface. At 9:26 p.m. on the 25 April 2006 a small earthquake triggered an underground rock fall at the Beaconsfield gold mine in northern Tasmania. Geoscience Australia said that the earthquake had a magnitude of 2.3 on the Richter scale, at a shallow depth at coordinates 41.190°S 146.840°E / -41.190. Earlier speculation had suggested. Three of the miners working underground at the time were trapped, early reports suggested that 14 miners who were underground at the time had managed to scramble to safety; the mining company, Beaconsfield Mine Joint Venture, released a press statement saying they held "grave concerns for the three miners' wellbeing".
Larry Knight, Brant Webb and Todd Russell were the three miners. Knight had been killed in the initial rockfall, but Webb and Russell were still alive, trapped in part of the vehicle in which they had been working at the time of the collapse, known as a teleloader or telehandler, they were in a basket at the end of the telehandler's arm, where they had been applying steel mesh to a barricade prior to backfilling a stope. It was misreported that the two miners were saved by a slab of rock that fell on top of the basket, but in a Channel 9 exclusive interview broadcast on 21 May and Russell stated that this was incorrect and that the "ceiling" above them was thousands of individual unstable rocks precariously packed together; the cage was filled with rock, the men were buried under some rubble. Webb seemed to have been knocked unconscious for a short time, Russell's lower body was buried; when Webb awoke, the two were able to free themselves and each other from the fallen rock by cutting through their clothes and boots, which were stuck in the rock, using Stanley knives.
The miners were able to survive by drinking groundwater, seeping through the rock overhead, which they had collected in their helmets. Webb had a muesli bar with him, which he offered to cut in half and share with Russell; the men agreed to wait 24 hours to eat it, but they continually extended the time, until they decided to eat it on 29 April. They ate small pieces of the bar at a time, to make it last as long as possible. However, Russell lost a large portion of his half of the bar when it fell out of his pocket. On 26 April a remote-controlled earth mover began clearing the rock underground. On the morning of 27 April at 7:22 a.m. the corpse of one of the miners was found in the shaft. At around 8 p.m. the body was identified as Larry Paul Knight, 44, of Launceston. He was the driver of the telehandler. Rescue workers did not proceed further through the rubble past the back end of the telehandler because it was unsafe, instead choosing to blast a new tunnel across from the main decline to the side tunnel, aiming to come out in front of the telehandler.
On 29 April they began blasting a new tunnel, detonating at least six large explosive charges to form the tunnel. The blasts dislodged rock inside the cage of the telehandler, which Webb and Russell attempted to clear, although as the blasts came closer, rock was dislodged faster than they could clear it. Russell recorded the date and time of each blast on his clothing, so that if they died as a result of the blasting, the rescuers would know that they had been alive prior to a particular blast. Both Webb and Russell wrote letters to their families on their clothing; the two men sang "The Gambler" by Kenny Rogers in order to keep up their spirits, as they waited for successive blasts to occur in the tunnel. At about 5.45PM on 30 April two rescuers, Pat Ball the underground manager and Steve Saltmarsh, mine foreman, breached safety protocols by entering the 925 level, to the rockfall and yelled out. Webb and Russell began yelling "We're in here!" and this was how the rescuers found out they were alive.
One rescuer found a direct route to the trapped miners, across the rubble in the side tunnel, was able to get close enough to the basket of the telehandler to shake Russell's hand. This was where a remote-controlled loader had got to the back of the teleloader, but this route was deemed unsafe for rescuing them. Webb and Russell themselves did not want the rescuers to attempt to reach them through the rubble, because to do so would require them to cut through the wire on the side of the cage, under considerable pressure from the rock above; the two men were afraid. Rescuers halted blasting in the access tunnel, instead drilled a smaller hole through the 14.5 metres of rock between the head of the access tunnel and the part of the side tunnel where the miners were trapped. Webb and Russell directed the work by listening to the sound of the drilling and judging the direction; the hole was about 90 millimetres in diameter. A PVC pipe was used to line the hole, used to deliver fresh water and communications equipment to the men.
On 1 May 2006 rescuers were still 12 metres from the miners. They were later sent a digital camera, a torch, dry clothes, magazines, iPods including music from the Foo Fighters and Kevin Bloody Wilson and toothpaste, they received letters from their families, were able to write letters in return