The Sweet Inspirations
The Sweet Inspirations were an American R&B girl group founded by Emily "Cissy" Houston, mother of Whitney Houston, sister of Lee Warwick. Houston and Warwick were members of The Drinkard Singers, a family group that had the distinction of recording the first Gospel album to appear on a major label—a live recording from The Newport Jazz Festival in 1959; the line-up included Judy Guions, Marie Epps, Larry Drinkard, Nicholas Drinkard, Ann Moss and Emily. The original backup group, so in demand among producers, publishers and songwriters in the early 1960s, included Doris Troy and the two Warwick sisters. Both Troy and Dionne Warwick enjoyed solo careers with hits in 1963, "Just One Look" and "Don’t Make Me Over" on which the Sweet Inspirations can be heard. At that time, Sylvia Shemwell replaced Troy, while Cissy Houston took over from Dionne, with Dee Dee Warwick as the group’s official leader; the group sang backup for many stars, including Solomon Burke, Aretha Franklin, Wilson Pickett, Esther Phillips.
Dee Dee left in 1965. She was replaced by Myrna Smith. Estelle Brown joined the team soon after, the line-up, to become an Atlantic recording group was set. In a recording session on March 28, 1967, the Sweet Inspirations provided the back up vocals for Van Morrison on his classic hit "Brown Eyed Girl", it rose to No. 10 on the Billboard Hot 100 charts. In October 2007, Morrison was awarded a Million-Air certificate by BMI for 8 million air plays of "Brown Eyed Girl"; the Sweet Inspirations recorded by themselves for the first time in April 1967 for Atlantic Records. That session produced the first two singles released by Atlantic, a version of "Why," a song recorded by The Staple Singers and a soulful version of "Let It Be Me", a French song, a pop and R&B hit for Betty Everett & Jerry Butler in 1964. Though their first singles lacked much chart success, Atlantic was committed to the group, an August session in Memphis yielded the bulk of songs used for the group’s self-titled debut album, released in the late fall of 1967.
Within a month of their chart climb, the group began work on their second album - a gospel record entitled Songs Of Faith & Inspiration. It was released in 1968 under the name "Cissy Drinkard & The Sweet Inspirations." On March 30, 1968, the group scored their first and only top forty hit on the Billboard Top 40 Pop Chart with the song "Sweet Inspiration" on Atlantic Records. The record was on the chart for ten weeks and peaked at number 18; the group at this point was composed of Houston, Brown and Smith. In 1967, the group did backing vocals for the Jimi Hendrix single "Burning of the Midnight Lamp", featured on the album Electric Ladyland in 1968, they backed Dusty Springfield on her album Dusty in Memphis. Shortly after cutting the gospel set, the Sweet Inspirations were back in Atlantic’s studios to record their third album, What the World Needs Now is Love, recorded in February 1968 in Muscle Shoals, Alabama with the Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section, who had played on hit recordings by a number of acts including Aretha Franklin, Percy Sledge, Clarence Carter.
The late April session yielded a version of The Bee Gees’ "To Love Somebody", which became the group’s fourth R&B chart hit, a version of The Righteous Brothers' "Unchained Melody," which gave the group a charted, though minor hit. In 1969, the group recorded Sweets for my Sweet; the Sweet Inspirations began recording and touring with Elvis Presley as both background singers and his warm-up act, as well as doing occasional live dates with Aretha Franklin. The association with Presley became well-publicized as he introduced the Sweet Inspirations on his telecast concerts and live recordings. Houston's last recording session with The Sweet Inspirations was in October 1969, since she wanted to pursue a solo career and concentrate on her family; the session produced the group’s biggest R&B hit in some time. A Gamble & Huff composition, "Gotta Find Me A Brand New Lover" appeared on the group’s fifth album Sweet Sweet Soul; the remainder of the album was recorded in November 1970, with Shemwell, Brown and new member Ann Williams, a friend of Brown's who stayed for what turned out to be the group’s last full Atlantic album.
Included from that set are "That’s The Way My Baby Is", "Flash In The Pan". Moss did not return to the group. A final Atlantic session in June 1970 brought the group its last two singles for the label. In 1973, Brown and Shemwell recorded an album for Stax Records. By 1979, Estelle Brown had quit the group and was replaced by Gloria Brown, who toured with them but didn’t sing on the Sweet Inspirations’ last LP, Hot Butterfly, on RSO Records, with singer Pat Terry featured on the actual recording, they group broke up shortly thereafter. In 1978, the group sang backing vocals on Frankie Valli's No.1 hit "Grease" from the film of the same name. In 1979, the group toured with The Bee Gees during their U. S. Spirits Having Flown Tour singing backup; the Sweet Inspirations got back together again with new member Portia Griffin. They performed at Elvis Presley tribute shows and released new material in 2005. Shemwell suffered a stroke in 2001, they also
Marcia Ball is an American blues singer and pianist raised in Vinton, Louisiana. Ball was described in USA Today as "a sensation, saucy singer and superb pianist... where Texas stomp-rock and Louisiana blues-swamp meet." The Boston Globe described her music as "an irresistible celebratory blend of rollicking, two-fisted New Orleans piano, Louisiana swamp rock and smoldering Texas blues from a contemporary storyteller." Ball was born into a musical family. Her grandmother and aunt both played piano music of their time and Ball started piano lessons when she started school, showed an early interest in New Orleans style piano playing, as exemplified by Fats Domino, Professor Longhair, James Booker, she has named the New Orleans vocalist, as her chief vocal inspiration. Ball studied English at Louisiana State University in the 1960s. In 1970, at age 21, she started a progressive country band called Freda and the Firedogs in Austin and began her solo career in 1974. Ball's piano style includes elements of zydeco, swamp blues, Louisiana blues, boogie woogie.
She began her recording career as a solo artist with Rounder Records in early 1990s. In 2001, she joined the Chicago-based Alligator Records, her Rounder album, Sing It!, which featured vocalists Irma Thomas and Tracy Nelson, released in January 1998 was nominated for a Grammy Award and a Blues Music Award for "Best Contemporary Blues Album." Ball received the 1998 Blues Music Award for "Contemporary Female Vocalist of the Year" and "Best Blues Instrumentalist-Keyboards."She was awarded "Contemporary Blues Album of the Year" for her albums Presumed Innocent and So Many Rivers. The same year she won "Contemporary Blues Artist of the Year-Female." She won the "Best Blues Instrumentalist-Keyboards" again in 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009. The BMA for Keyboards has since been renamed the Pinetop Perkins Piano Player Award and Ball has won it in 2012 and 2015, her 2003 Alligator release, So Many Rivers, was nominated for a Grammy as were Live! Down The Road and Peace, Love & BBQ, she was inducted into the Austin Music Hall of Fame in 1990.
Ball has continued to work with Irma Thomas. In 2006, the two contributed a duet on Sing Me Back Home. In 2007, the two contributed another duet to Goin' Home: A Tribute to Fats Domino, she continues to play at nightclubs in Austin and New Orleans, performs at music festivals in North America and overseas. In May 2015, Ball won the'Pinetop Perkins Piano Player' award at the Blues Music Awards ceremony. On October 25, 2018, Ball was inducted into the Austin City Limits Hall of Fame where she first appeared during their inaugural season in 1976. 1972: Freda and the Firedogs 1978: Circuit Queen 1984: Soulful Dress 1985: Hot Tamale Baby 1989: Gatorhythms 1990: Dreams Come True 1994: Blue House 1997: Let Me Play With Your Poodle 1998: Sing It! 2001: Presumed Innocent 2003: So Many Rivers 2004: Live at Waterloo Records 2005: Live! Down The Road 2007: JazzFest Live 2008: Peace, Love & BBQ 2011: Roadside Attractions 2014: The Tattooed Lady & The Alligator Man 2018: Shine Bright 2000 Don Wise: In the verge of survival, with Delbert McClinton 2003: Patchwork: A Tribute to James Booker 2006: Sing Me Back Home New Orleans Social Club Duet with Irma Thomas, "Look Up".
2007: Goin' Home: A Tribute to Fats Domino Duet with Irma Thomas, "I Can't Get New Orleans Off My Mind". 2009: Dave Alvin and the Guilty Women With Dave Alvin. Member of "The Guilty Women" band. 2003: The Blues, episode Piano Blues directed by Clint Eastwood 2006: New Orleans Music in Exile San Francisco Blues Festival – 1984 Austin Aqua Fest – 1986 Long Beach Blues Festival – 1996 Rhythm And Roots Festival – 2000, 2001, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2013, 2015, 2017 Thursday at the Square – 2002 Monterey Jazz Festival – 2002 Austin City Limits Music Festival – 2004 National Folk Festival – 2005 Waterfront Blues Festival – 2007 New Orleans Jazz and Heritage Festival – 2007, 2008, 2009, 2014, 2015, 2018 Arkansas Blues and Heritage Festival – 2010 Crescent City Blues and BBQ Festival – 2011 Chicago Blues Festival – 2013 Edmonton Blues Festival - 2018 List of blues musicians List of boogie woogie musicians List of Louisiana blues musicians List of Swamp blues musicians List of people from Texas List of Austinites Music of Austin Lake Eden Arts Festival Official Marcia Ball website Marcia Ball on IMDb Marcia Ball at Facebook Fan site Le Show interview: Shearer, Harry.
"le Show". HarryShearer.com. Archived from the original on May 30, 2008. Retrieved January 5, 2009
A Grammy Award, or Grammy, is an award presented by The Recording Academy to recognize achievements in the music industry. The annual presentation ceremony features performances by prominent artists, the presentation of those awards that have a more popular interest; the Grammys are the second of the Big Three major music awards held annually. It shares recognition of the music industry as that of the other performance awards such as the Academy Awards, the Emmy Awards, the Tony Awards, the Game Awards; the first Grammy Awards ceremony was held on May 4, 1959, to honor and respect the musical accomplishments by performers for the year 1958. Following the 2011 ceremony, the Academy overhauled many Grammy Award categories for 2012; the 61st Annual Grammy Awards, honoring the best achievements from October 1, 2017 to September 30, 2018, were held on February 10, 2019, at the Staples Center in Los Angeles. The Grammys had their origin in the Hollywood Walk of Fame project in the 1950s; as the recording executives chosen for the Walk of Fame committee worked at compiling a list of important recording industry people who might qualify for a Walk of Fame star, they realized there were many more people who were leaders in their business who would never earn a star on Hollywood Boulevard.
The music executives decided to rectify this by creating an award given by their industry similar to the Oscars and the Emmys. This was the beginning of the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. After it was decided to create such an award, there was still a question of, they settled on using the name of the invention of Emile Berliner, the gramophone, for the awards, which were first given for the year 1958. The first award ceremony was held in two locations on May 4, 1959 - Beverly Hilton Hotel in Beverly Hills California, Park Sheraton Hotel in New York City, 28 Grammys were awarded; the number of awards given grew and fluctuated over the years with categories added and removed, at one time reaching over 100. The second Grammy Awards held in 1959, was the first ceremony to be televised, but the ceremony was not aired live until the 13th Annual Grammy Awards in 1971; the gold-plated trophies, each depicting a gilded gramophone, are made and assembled by hand by Billings Artworks in Ridgway, Colorado.
In 1990 the original Grammy design was revamped, changing the traditional soft lead for a stronger alloy less prone to damage, making the trophy bigger and grander. Billings developed a zinc alloy named grammium, trademarked; the trophies with the recipient's name engraved on them are not available until after the award announcements, so "stunt" trophies are re-used each year for the broadcast. By February 2009, a total of 7,578 Grammy trophies had been awarded; the "General Field" are four awards. Record of the Year is awarded to the performer and the production team of a single song if other than the performer. Album of the Year is awarded to the performer and the production team of a full album if other than the performer. Song of the Year is awarded to the writer/composer of a single song. Best New Artist is awarded to a promising breakthrough performer who releases, during the Eligibility Year, the first recording that establishes the public identity of that artist; the only two artists to win all four of these awards are Christopher Cross, who won all four in 1980, Adele, who won the Best New Artist award in 2009 and the other three in 2012 and 2017.
Other awards are given for performance and production in specific genres, as well as for other contributions such as artwork and video. Special awards are given for longer-lasting contributions to the music industry; because of the large number of award categories, the desire to feature several performances by various artists, only the ones with the most popular interest - about 10 to 12, including the four General Field categories and one or two categories in the most popular music genres - are presented directly at the televised award ceremony. The many other Grammy trophies are presented in a pre-telecast'Premiere Ceremony' earlier in the afternoon before the Grammy Awards telecast. On April 6, 2011, The Recording Academy announced a drastic overhaul of many Grammy Award categories for 2012; the number of categories was cut from 109 to 78. The most important change was the elimination of the distinction between male and female soloists and between collaborations and duo/groups in various genre fields.
Several categories for instrumental soloists were discontinued. Recordings in these categories now fall under the general categories for best solo performances. In the rock field, the separate categories for hard rock and metal albums were combined and the Best Rock Instrumental Performance category was eliminated due to a waning number of entries. In R&B, the distinction between best contemporary R&B album and other R&B albums has been eliminated, they now feature in general Best R&B Album category. In rap, the categories for best rap soloist and best rap duo or group have been merged into the new Best Rap Performance category; the most eliminations occurred in the roots category. Up to and including 2011, there were separate categories for various regional American music forms, such as Hawaiian music, Native American music and Zydeco/Cajun music. Due to the low number
Willie Hugh Nelson is an American singer, musician, producer, author and activist. The critical success of the album Shotgun Willie, combined with the critical and commercial success of Red Headed Stranger and Stardust, made Nelson one of the most recognized artists in country music, he was one of the main figures of outlaw country, a subgenre of country music that developed in the late 1960s as a reaction to the conservative restrictions of the Nashville sound. Nelson has acted in over 30 films, co-authored several books, has been involved in activism for the use of biofuels and the legalization of marijuana. Born during the Great Depression and raised by his grandparents, Nelson wrote his first song at age seven and joined his first band at ten. During high school, he toured locally with the Bohemian Polka as their lead singer and guitar player. After graduating from high school in 1950, he joined the air force but was discharged due to back problems. After his return, Nelson attended Baylor University for two years but dropped out because he was succeeding in music.
During this time, he worked as a singer in honky-tonks. Nelson moved to Vancouver, where he wrote "Family Bible" and recorded the song "Lumberjack" in 1956, he worked as a disc jockey at various radio stations in Vancouver and nearby Portland Oregon. In 1958, he moved to Houston, after signing a contract with D Records, he sang at the Esquire Ballroom weekly and he worked as a disk jockey. During that time, he wrote songs that would become country standards, including "Funny How Time Slips Away", "Hello Walls", "Pretty Paper", "Crazy". In 1960 he moved to Nashville and signed a publishing contract with Pamper Music which allowed him to join Ray Price's band as a bassist. In 1962, he recorded his first album... And Then I Wrote. Due to this success, Nelson signed in 1964 with RCA Victor and joined the Grand Ole Opry the following year. After mid-chart hits in the late 1960s and the early 1970s, Nelson retired in 1972 and moved to Austin, Texas; the ongoing music scene of Austin motivated Nelson to return from retirement, performing at the Armadillo World Headquarters.
In 1973, after signing with Atlantic Records, Nelson turned to outlaw country, including albums such as Shotgun Willie and Phases and Stages. In 1975, he switched to Columbia Records, where he recorded the critically acclaimed album Red Headed Stranger; the same year, he recorded another outlaw country album, Wanted! The Outlaws, along with Waylon Jennings, Jessi Colter, Tompall Glaser. During the mid-1980s, while creating hit albums like Honeysuckle Rose and recording hit songs like "On the Road Again", "To All the Girls I've Loved Before", "Pancho and Lefty", he joined the country supergroup The Highwaymen, along with fellow singers Johnny Cash, Waylon Jennings, Kris Kristofferson. In 1990, Nelson's assets were seized by the Internal Revenue Service, which claimed that he owed $32 million; the difficulty of paying his outstanding debt was aggravated by weak investments he had made during the 1980s. In 1992, Nelson released The IRS Tapes: Who'll Buy My Memories?. During the 1990s and 2000s, Nelson continued touring extensively, released albums every year.
Reviews ranged from positive to mixed. He explored genres such as reggae, blues and folk. Nelson made his first movie appearance in the 1979 film The Electric Horseman, followed by other appearances in movies and on television. Nelson is a major liberal activist and the co-chair of the advisory board of the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws, in favor of marijuana legalization. On the environmental front, Nelson owns the bio-diesel brand Willie Nelson Biodiesel, made from vegetable oil. Nelson is the honorary chairman of the advisory board of the Texas Music Project, the official music charity of the state of Texas. Nelson was born in Texas, on April 29, 1933, the son of Myrle Marie and Ira Doyle Nelson, his birth was incorrectly recorded by Dr. F. D. Sims as April 30, he was named Willie by his cousin Mildred, who chose Hugh as his middle name, in honor of her deceased younger brother. Nelson traces his genealogy to the American Revolutionary War, in which his ancestor John Nelson served as a major.
His parents moved to Texas from Arkansas in 1929 to look for work. His grandfather, worked as a blacksmith, while his father worked as a mechanic, his mother left soon after he was born, his father remarried and moved away, leaving Nelson and his sister Bobbie to be raised by their grandparents, who taught singing back in Arkansas and started their grandchildren in music. Nelson's grandfather bought him a guitar when he was six, taught him a few chords, Nelson sang gospel songs in the local church alongside Bobbie, he wrote his first song at age seven, when he was nine, he played guitar for local band Bohemian Polka. During the summer, the family picked cotton alongside other Abbott residents. Nelson disliked picking cotton, so he earned money by singing in dance halls and honky tonks from age 13, which he continued through high school, his musical influences were Hank Williams, Bob Wills, Lefty Frizzell, Ray Price, Ernest Tubb, Hank Snow, Django Reinhardt, Frank Sinatra, Louis Armstrong. Nelson attended Abbott High School, where he was a halfback on the football team, guard on the basketball team, shortstop in baseball.
He raised pigs with the Future Farmers of America. While still at school, he sang and played guitar in The Texans, a band formed by his sister's husband, B
Chester Arthur Burnett, known as Howlin' Wolf, was a Chicago blues singer and harmonica player from Mississippi. With a booming voice and imposing physical presence, he is one of the best-known Chicago blues artists; the musician and critic Cub Koda noted, "no one could match Howlin' Wolf for the singular ability to rock the house down to the foundation while scaring its patrons out of its wits." Producer Sam Phillips recalled, ``, I said, ` This is for me. This is where the soul of man never dies.'" Several of his songs, including "Smokestack Lightnin'", "Killing Floor" and "Spoonful", have become blues and blues rock standards. In 2011, Rolling Stone magazine ranked him number 54 on its list of the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time". Burnett was born on June 10, 1910, in White Station, near West Point, he was given the name Chester Arthur, after Chester A. Arthur, the 21st President of the United States, his physique garnered him the nicknames "Big Foot Chester" and "Bull Cow" as a young man: he was 6 feet 3 inches tall and weighed close to 300 pounds.
He explained the origin of the name Howlin' Wolf: "I got that from my grandfather", who would tell him stories about wolves in that part of the country and warn him that if he misbehaved the "howling wolves" would get him. The blues historian Paul Oliver wrote that Burnett once claimed to have been given his nickname by his idol Jimmie Rodgers. Burnett's parents separated, his mother, threw him out of the house when he was a child for refusing to work on the farm. He moved in with his uncle, Will Young, who treated him badly; when he was thirteen, he ran away and claimed to have walked 85 miles barefoot to join his father, where he found a happy home with his father's large family. At the peak of his success, he returned from Chicago to see his mother in Mississippi and was driven to tears when she rebuffed him: she refused to take money offered by him, saying it was from his playing the "devil's music". In 1930, Burnett met the most popular bluesman in the Mississippi Delta at the time, he would listen to Patton play nightly from outside a nearby juke joint.
There he remembered Patton playing "Pony Blues", "High Water Everywhere", "A Spoonful Blues", "Banty Rooster Blues". The two became acquainted, soon Patton was teaching him guitar. Burnett recalled that "the first piece I played in my life was... a tune about hook up my pony and saddle up my black mare"—Patton's "Pony Blues". He learned about showmanship from Patton: "When he played his guitar, he would turn it over backwards and forwards, throw it around over his shoulders, between his legs, throw it up in the sky". Burnett would perform the guitar tricks, he played with Patton in small Delta communities. Burnett was influenced by other popular blues performers of the time, including the Mississippi Sheiks, Blind Lemon Jefferson, Ma Rainey, Lonnie Johnson, Tampa Red, Blind Blake, Tommy Johnson. Two of the earliest songs he mastered were Jefferson's "Match Box Blues" and Leroy Carr's "How Long, How Long Blues"; the country singer Jimmie Rodgers was an influence. Burnett tried to emulate Rodgers's "blue yodel" but found that his efforts sounded more like a growl or a howl: "I couldn't do no yodelin', so I turned to howlin'.
And it's done me just fine". His harmonica playing was modeled after that of Sonny Boy Williamson II, who taught him how to play when Burnett moved to Parkin, Arkansas, in 1933. During the 1930s, Burnett performed in the South as a solo performer and with numerous blues musicians, including Floyd Jones, Johnny Shines, Honeyboy Edwards, Sonny Boy Williamson II, Robert Johnson, Robert Lockwood, Jr. Willie Brown, Son House and Willie Johnson. By the end of the decade, he was a fixture in clubs, with an early electric guitar. On April 9, 1941, he was inducted into the U. S. Army and was stationed at several bases around the country. Finding it difficult to adjust to military life, he was discharged on November 3, 1943, he returned to his family, who had moved near West Memphis and helped with the farming while performing, as he had done in the 1930s, with Floyd Jones and others. In 1948 he formed a band, which included the guitarists Willie Johnson and Matt "Guitar" Murphy, the harmonica player Junior Parker, a pianist remembered only as "Destruction" and the drummer Willie Steele.
Radio station KWEM in West Memphis began broadcasting his live performances, he sat in with Williamson on KFFA in Helena, Arkansas. In 1951, Howlin' Wolf was scouted by Ike Turner to record several songs for Sam Phillips' Memphis Recording Service. Phillips praised his singing, saying, "God, what it would be worth on film to see the fervour in that man's face when he sang, his eyes would light up, you'd see the veins come out on his neck and, there was nothing on his mind but that song. He sang with his damn soul." Howlin' Wolf became a local celebrity and began working with a band that included the guitarists Willie Johnson and Pat Hare. His first singles were issued by two different record companies in 1951: "How Many More Years" backed with "Moaning at Midnight", released by Chess Records, "Riding in the Moonlight" backed with "Moaning at Midnight", released by RPM Records. Leonard Chess was able to secure his contract, Howlin' Wolf relocated to Chicago in 1952. There he assembled a new band and recruited the Chicagoan Jody Williams from Memphis Slim's band as his first guitarist.
Within a year he had persuaded the guitarist Hubert Sumlin to join him in Chicago.
The Everly Brothers
The Everly Brothers were an American country-influenced rock and roll duo, known for steel-string acoustic guitar playing and close harmony singing. Isaac Donald "Don" Everly and Phillip Jason "Phil" Everly were inducted to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1986 and the Country Music Hall of Fame in 2001. Don was born in Brownie, Muhlenberg County, Kentucky, on February 1, 1937, Phil in Chicago, Illinois, on January 19, 1939, their parents were Isaac Milford "Ike" Everly, Jr. a guitar player, Margaret Embry Everly. Actor James Best from Muhlenberg County, was the son of Ike's sister. Margaret was 15 when she married Ike, 26. Ike worked in coal mines from age 14, but his father encouraged him to pursue his love of music and Ike and Margaret began singing together; the Everly brothers spent most of their childhood in Iowa. They attended Longfellow Elementary School in Waterloo, for a year, but moved to Shenandoah in 1944, where they remained through early high school. Ike Everly had a show on KMA and KFNF in Shenandoah in the mid-1940s, first with his wife and with their sons.
The brothers sang on the radio as "Little Donnie and Baby Boy Phil." The family sang as the Everly Family. Ike, with guitarists Merle Travis, Mose Rager, Kennedy Jones, was honored in 1992 by the construction of the Four Legends Fountain in Drakesboro, Kentucky; the family moved to Tennessee, in 1953, where the brothers attended West High School. In 1955, the family moved to Madison, while the brothers moved to Nashville, Tennessee. Don had graduated from high school in 1955, Phil attended Peabody Demonstration School in Nashville, from which he graduated in 1957. Both could now focus on recording. While in Knoxville, the brothers caught the attention of family friend Chet Atkins, manager of RCA Victor's studio in Nashville; the brothers moved to Nashville. Despite affiliation with RCA, Atkins arranged for the Everly Brothers to record for Columbia Records in early 1956, their "Keep a-Lovin' Me," which Don wrote and composed and they were dropped from the Columbia label. Atkins introduced the Everly Brothers to Wesley Rose, of Acuff-Rose music publishers.
Rose told them. They signed in late 1956, in 1957 Rose introduced them to Archie Bleyer, looking for artists for his Cadence Records; the Everlys signed and made a recording in February 1957. "Bye Bye Love" had been rejected by 30 other acts. Their record reached No. 2 on the pop charts, behind Elvis Presley's " Teddy Bear," and No. 1 on the country and No. 5 on the R&B charts. The song, by Felice and Boudleaux Bryant, became the Everly Brothers's first million-seller. Working with the Bryants, they had hits in the United States and the United Kingdom, the biggest being "Wake Up Little Susie," "All I Have to Do Is Dream," "Bird Dog," and "Problems." The Everlys, though they were interpretive artists succeeded as songwriters with Don's " I Kissed You," which hit No. 4 on the US pop charts. The brothers toured with Buddy Holly in 1957 and 1958. According to Holly's biographer Philip Norman, they were responsible for persuading Holly and the Crickets to change their outfits from Levi's and T-shirts to the Everlys' Ivy League suits.
Don said Holly composed "Wishing" for them. "We were all from the South," Phil observed of their commonalities. "We'd started in country music." Although some sources say Phil Everly was one of Holly's pallbearers in February 1959, Phil said in 1986 that he attended the funeral and sat with Holly's family, but was not a pallbearer. Don did not attend. I couldn't go anywhere. I just took to my bed." After three years on Cadence, the Everlys signed with Warner Bros. Records in 1960, where they recorded for 10 years, their first Warner Bros. hit, 1960's "Cathy's Clown," which they wrote and composed themselves, sold eight million copies and became the duo's biggest-selling record. "Cathy's Clown" was number WB1, the first selection Warner Bros. Records released in the United Kingdom. We're not Grand Ole Opry... we're not Perry Como... we're just pop music. But, you could call us an American skiffle group! Other successful Warner Bros. singles followed in the United States, such as "So Sad", "Walk Right Back", "Crying in the Rain", "That's Old Fashioned".
From 1960 to 1962, Cadence Records released Everly Brothers singles from the vaults, including "When Will I Be Loved", written and composed by Phil, "Like Strangers." In the UK, they had top 10 hits until 1965, including "Lucille"/"So Sad", "Walk Right Back"/"Ebony Eyes", "Temptation", "Cryin' in the Rain" and "The Price of Love". They had 18 singles into the UK top 40 with Warner Bros. in the 1960s. By 1962, the Everlys had earned $35 million from record sales. In 1961, the brothers fell out with Wesley Rose during the recording of "Temptation." Rose was upset that the Everlys were recording a song which he had not published and, for which he would not receive any publishing royalties, he made strenuous efforts to block the single's release. The Everlys held firm to their position, as a result, in the early 1960s, they were shut off from Acuff-Rose songwriters; these included Felice and Boudleaux Bryant, who had written and composed most of their hits, as well as Don and Phil Everly themselves, who were still contracted to Acuff-Rose as songwriters and had writ
Nashville is the capital and most populous city of the U. S. state of Tennessee. The city is located on the Cumberland River; the city's population ranks 24th in the U. S. According to 2017 estimates from the U. S. Census Bureau, the total consolidated city-county population stood at 691,243; the "balance" population, which excludes semi-independent municipalities within Davidson County, was 667,560 in 2017. Located in northern Middle Tennessee, Nashville is the main core of the largest metropolitan area in Tennessee; the 2017 population of the entire 14-county Nashville metropolitan area was 1,903,045. The 2017 population of the Nashville—Davidson–Murfreesboro–Columbia combined statistical area, a larger trade area, was 2,027,489. Named for Francis Nash, a general of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, the city was founded in 1779; the city grew due to its strategic location as a port and railroad center. Nashville seceded with Tennessee during the American Civil War and in 1862 became the first state capital to fall to Union troops.
After the war the city developed a manufacturing base. Since 1963, Nashville has had a consolidated city-county government, which includes six smaller municipalities in a two-tier system; the city is governed by a mayor, a vice-mayor, a 40-member metropolitan council. Reflecting the city's position in state government, Nashville is home to the Tennessee Supreme Court's courthouse for Middle Tennessee. Nashville is a center for the music, publishing, private prison and transportation industries, is home to numerous colleges and universities such as Tennessee State University, Vanderbilt University, Belmont University, Fisk University, Lipscomb University. Entities with headquarters in the city include Asurion, Bridgestone Americas, Captain D's, CoreCivic, Dollar General, Hospital Corporation of America, LifeWay Christian Resources, Logan's Roadhouse, Ryman Hospitality Properties; the town of Nashville was founded by James Robertson, John Donelson, a party of Overmountain Men in 1779, near the original Cumberland settlement of Fort Nashborough.
It was named for the American Revolutionary War hero. Nashville grew because of its strategic location, accessibility as a port on the Cumberland River, a tributary of the Ohio River. By 1800, the city had 345 residents, including 136 enslaved African Americans and 14 free African-American residents. In 1806, Nashville was incorporated as a city and became the county seat of Davidson County, Tennessee. In 1843, the city was named as the permanent capital of the state of Tennessee; the city government of Nashville owned 24 slaves by 1831, 60 prior to the war. They were "put to work to build the first successful water system and maintain the streets." The cholera outbreak that struck Nashville in 1849–1850 took the life of former U. S. President James K. Polk. There were 311 deaths from cholera in 1849 and an estimated 316 to about 500 in 1850. By 1860, when the first rumblings of secession began to be heard across the South, antebellum Nashville was a prosperous city; the city's significance as a shipping port made it a desirable prize as a means of controlling important river and railroad transportation routes.
In February 1862, Nashville became the first state capital to fall to Union troops. The state was occupied by Union troops for the duration of the war; the Battle of Nashville was a significant Union victory and the most decisive tactical victory gained by either side in the war. Afterward, the Confederates conducted a war of attrition, making guerrilla raids and engaging in small skirmishes, with the Confederate forces in the Deep South constantly in retreat. In 1868, a few years after the Civil War, the Nashville chapter of the Ku Klux Klan was founded by Confederate veteran John W. Morton. Chapters of this secret insurgent group formed throughout the South. In 1873 Nashville suffered another cholera epidemic, as did towns throughout Sumner County along railroad routes and the Cumberland River. Meanwhile, the city had reclaimed its important shipping and trading position and developed a solid manufacturing base; the post–Civil War years of the late 19th century brought new prosperity to Nashville and Davidson County.
These healthy economic times left the city with a legacy of grand classical-style buildings, including the Parthenon in Centennial Park, near downtown. On April 30, 1892, Ephraim Grizzard, an African-American man, was lynched in a spectacle murder in front of a white mob of 10,000 in Nashville, his lynching was described by journalist Ida B. Wells as: "A naked, bloody example of the blood-thirstiness of the nineteenth century civilization of the Athens of the South." From 1877 to 1950, a total of six lynchings of blacks were conducted in Davidson County, most in the county seat of Nashville near the turn of the century. By the turn of the century, Nashville had become the cradle of the Lost Cause of the Confederacy, as the first chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy was founded here and the Confederate Veteran magazine was published here. Most "guardians of the Lost Cause" lived near Centennial Park. At the same time, Jefferson Street became the historic center of the African-American community.
It remained so until the federal government s