Terry Paxton Bradshaw is a former American football quarterback who played professionally in the National Football League. Since 1994, he has been a TV sports co-host of Fox NFL Sunday. Bradshaw is an actor, having participated in many television shows and films, most notably starring in the movie Failure to Launch, he played for 14 seasons with Pittsburgh, won four Super Bowl titles in a six-year period, becoming the first quarterback to win three and four Super Bowls, led the Steelers to eight AFC Central championships. He was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in his first year of eligibility. Bradshaw was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1996. A tough competitor, Bradshaw is known for having one of the most powerful arms in NFL history, he called his own plays throughout his football career. His physical skills and on-the-field leadership played a major role in the Pittsburgh Steelers' history. During his career, he passed for more than 300 yards in a game only seven times, but three of those performances came in the postseason, two of those in Super Bowls.
He played well in the Super Bowl, in four career Super Bowl appearances, he passed for 932 yards and 9 touchdowns, both Super Bowl records at the time of his retirement. In 19 post-season games, he completed 261 passes for 3,833 yards. Bradshaw was born in Louisiana, his father, William Marvin "Bill" Bradshaw, a native of Sparta and the son of John and Margie Bradshaw, was a veteran of the United States Navy, a former vice president of manufacturing of the Riley Beaird Company in Shreveport, a Southern Baptist layman. Terry's mother, was one of five children of Clifford and Lula Gay of Red River Parish, Louisiana, he has an older brother, a younger brother, Craig. The work ethic was strong in the Bradshaw household. Bradshaw spent his early childhood in Camanche, where he set forth the goal to play professional football; when he was a teenager, Bradshaw returned including his brothers, to Shreveport. There, he attended Woodlawn High School, played under assistant coach A. L. Williams, led the Knights to the 1965 AAA High School Championship game.
His team lost to the Sulphur Golden Tornadoes 12–9. While at Woodlawn, he set a national record for throwing the javelin 245 feet, his exploits earned him a spot in the Sports Illustrated feature Faces In The Crowd. Bradshaw's successor as Woodlawn's starting quarterback was another future NFL standout, Joe Ferguson of the Buffalo Bills. Bradshaw's Steelers would defeat Ferguson's Bills in a 1974 divisional playoff game. Bradshaw decided to attend Louisiana Tech University in Ruston, he has much affinity for his alma mater. He is a member of the Tau Kappa Epsilon fraternity, he was active in the Fellowship of Christian Athletes and spoke before many athletic banquets and other gatherings. He was second on the depth chart at quarterback behind Phil "Roxie" Robertson, who would become famous as the inventor of the Duck Commander duck call and television personality on the A&E program Duck Dynasty; when he arrived at Tech in 1966, Bradshaw caused a media frenzy on account of his reputation of being a football sensation from nearby Shreveport.
Robertson was a year ahead of Bradshaw, was the starter for two seasons in 1966 and 1967, chose not to play in 1968. As Robertson put it: "I'm going for the ducks, you can go for the bucks."In 1969, Bradshaw was considered by most professional scouts to be the most outstanding college football player in the nation. As a junior, he amassed 2,890 total yards, ranking No. 1 in the NCAA, led his team to a 9–2 record and a 33–13 win over Akron in the Rice Bowl. In his senior season, he gained 2,314 yards, ranking third in the NCAA, led his team to an 8–2 record, his decrease in production was because his team played only 10 games that year, he was taken out of several games in the second half because his team had built up a huge lead. Bradshaw graduated owning all Louisiana Tech passing records at the time. In 1984, he was inducted into the inaugural class of the Louisiana Tech sports hall of fame. Four years he was inducted into the state of Louisiana's sports hall of fame. In the 1970 NFL Draft, Bradshaw was the first overall player selected by the Pittsburgh Steelers.
The Steelers drew the first pick in the draft after winning a coin flip tiebreaker with the Chicago Bears due to both teams having identical 1–13 records in 1969. In either case, Bradshaw was hailed at the time as the consensus No. 1 pick. Bradshaw became a starter in his second season after splitting time with Terry Hanratty in his rookie campaign. During his first few seasons, the 6'3", 215-pound quarterback was erratic, threw many interceptions and was ridiculed by the media for his rural roots and perceived lack of intelligence, it took Bradshaw several seasons to adjust to the NFL, but he led the Pittsburgh Steelers to eight AFC Central championships and four Super Bowl titles. The Pittsburgh Steelers featured the "Steel Curtain" defense and a powerful running attack led by Franco Harris and Rocky Bleier, but Bradshaw's strong arm gave them the threat of the deep pass, helping to loosen opposing defenses. In 1972, he threw the "Immaculate Reception" pass to Franco Harris to beat the Raiders in the AFC Divisional playoffs, among the most famous plays in NFL history.
Bradshaw temporarily lost the starting job to Joe Gilliam in 1974, but he took over again during the regular season. In the 1974 AFC Championship Game against the Oakland Raiders, his fourth-quarter touchdown pass
Thursday Night Football
Thursday Night Football is the branding used for broadcasts of National Football League games that broadcast on Thursday nights. Most of the games kick off at 8:20 p.m. Eastern Time, but games in the package air on Saturdays in the portion of the season, as well as a single Sunday morning game from London in the NFL International Series. Debuting on November 23, 2006, the telecasts were part of NFL Network's Run to the Playoffs package, which consisted of eight total games broadcast on Thursday and Saturday nights during the latter portion of the season. Since 2012, the TNF package has begun during the second week of the NFL season. At its launch, the package proved controversial due to the relative unavailability of NFL Network at the time; these issues were magnified in 2007, when a game that saw the New England Patriots close out a perfect regular season was simulcast nationally on both CBS and NBC, in addition to NFL Network and the local stations that the game was sold to, following concerns from politicians and other critics.
In 2014, the NFL shifted the package to a new model to increase its prominence. The entire TNF package would be produced by a separate rightsholder, who would hold rights to simulcast a portion of the package on their respective network. CBS was the first rightsholder under this model, airing nine games on broadcast television, producing the remainder of the package to air on NFL Network to satisfy its carriage agreements; the package was extended to Week 16 of the season, included a new Saturday doubleheader split between CBS and NFL Network. On January 18, 2015, CBS and NFL Network extended the same arrangement for a second season. In the 2016 and 2017, the NFL continued with a similar arrangement, but adding NBC as a second rightsholder alongside CBS, with each network airing five games on broadcast television each. In 2018, the NFL reached a long-term deal with Fox to hold the rights through 2022; the games are broadcast on radio via Westwood One, which syndicates the broadcasts to its partner radio stations around the United States.
In 2016, the NFL began to sub-license digital streaming rights to the broadcast TV portion of the package to third-parties, beginning with Twitter in 2016, Amazon Prime Video in 2017, which Amazon and the NFL renewed their contract through 2019, with Twitch set to air some games in 2018. The NFL Network's coverage was not the first time that NFL games were covered on Thursday or Saturday. ABC televised occasional Thursday night games from 1978-1986 as part of its Monday Night Football package. Prior to the new contract, ESPN carried a handful of sporadic Thursday night games and the broadcast networks used to air several national games on Saturday afternoons in mid-to-late December after the college football regular season ended. Incidentally, the only reason the league is allowed to televise football games on Saturday night stems from a legal loophole: the league's antitrust exemption, the Sports Broadcasting Act of 1961, was written when the NFL regular season ended in mid-December, as such, it contains specific language that prohibits televising NFL games in most markets on Friday nights and all day on Saturdays between the second week of September and the second week of December, to protect high school and college football.
Since most high school and college seasons have ended by mid-December, other than bowl games, there has been little desire to close this loophole though the regular season has expanded well beyond mid-December since the law's passage. In 2005, when the NFL negotiated a new set of television contracts, Comcast-owned OLN offered to pay $450 million for an eight-year contract to carry NFL prime time games. In exchange, Comcast planned to add NFL Network to its digital cable lineup; the channel was added. The other television deals generated $3.735 billion per year over an eight-year period for CBS, Fox, NBC, ESPN and DirecTV. Thursday Night Football debuted on November 23, 2006, with the Kansas City Chiefs handing the visiting Denver Broncos a 19–10 Thanksgiving defeat; each of the game broadcasts were titled either Thursday Night Football or Saturday Night Football, depending on the night on which it aired. This format carried over to the 2007 season. Starting in 2008, NFL Network eliminated all but one of the Saturday night games and started their Thursday night package three weeks earlier.
This was done to accommodate the earlier schedule and the league's antitrust exemption that prohibits Saturday games from being held for most of the season. In the following season, all references to Saturday Night Football were dropped, any games that are not played on Thursday (such as
Tenafly, New Jersey
Tenafly is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 census, the borough's population was 14,488, reflecting an increase of 682 from the 13,806 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 480 from the 13,326 counted in the 1990 Census. Tenafly is a suburb of New York City; the first European settlers in Tenafly were Dutch immigrants, who began to populate the area during the late 17th century. The name "Tenafly" is derived from the early-modern Dutch phrase "Tiene Vly" or "Ten Swamps", given by Dutch settlers in 1688. Other derivations cite a Dutch language connection to its location on a meadow. Tenafly was incorporated as a borough on January 24, 1894, by an act of the New Jersey Legislature from portions of the now-defunct Palisades Township, based on the results of a referendum held the previous day; the borough was the first formed during the "Boroughitis" phenomenon sweeping through Bergen County, in which 26 boroughs were formed in the county in 1894 alone.
Portions of Palisades Township were acquired based on legislation approved on April 8, 1897. New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Tenafly as the 7th best place to live in New Jersey in its 2013 rankings of the "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 5.184 square miles, including 4.601 square miles of land and 0.583 square miles of water. The borough borders Alpine, Cresskill and Englewood Cliffs, The Bronx in New York City, across the Hudson River. Tenafly's street plan and overall development were determined by its hills and valleys; the eastern part of the borough is referred to as the "East Hill" for its higher elevation in relation to the rest of the borough. There, the terrain rises to the east of the downtown area, terminating at the New Jersey Palisades, overlooking the Hudson River. Nearby is the Tenafly Nature Center, located at 313 Hudson Avenue; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 14,488 people, 4,766 households, 3,955.780 families residing in the borough.
The population density was 3,148.6 per square mile. There were 4,980 housing units at an average density of 1,082.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 69.31% White, 0.88% Black or African American, 0.03% Native American, 26.22% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 1.23% from other races, 2.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.36% of the population. Korean Americans accounted for 15.4% of the population in 2010. There were 4,766 households out of which 49.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.7% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 17.0% were non-families. 15.3% of all households were made up of individuals, 8.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.36. In the borough, the population was spread out with 31.2% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 20.2% from 25 to 44, 30.2% from 45 to 64, 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 41.8 years. For every 100 females there were 93.4 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 87.6 males. The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that median household income was $125,865 and the median family income was $140,100. Males had a median income of $102,645 versus $60,871 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $60,557. About 1.8% of families and 2.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.4% of those under age 18 and 2.2% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2000 United States Census there were 13,806 people, 4,774 households, 3,866 families residing in the borough; the population density was 2,993.4 people per square mile. There were 4,897 housing units at an average density of 1,061.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 76.79% White, 0.96% African American, 0.09% Native American, 19.08% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.40% from other races, 1.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.65% of the population.
11.1% of residents reported that they were of Irish, 8.7% Russian, 8.6% Italian, 7.9% American, 7.8% German and 6.2% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. Among residents, 64.0% spoke English at home, while 8.7% spoke Korean, 5.0% Spanish, 4.5% Chinese or Mandarin and 3.1% Hebrew. There were 4,774 households out of which 43.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.6% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 19.0% were non-families. 16.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.21. In the borough the age distribution of the population shows 28.3% under the age of 18, 4.7% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 26.4% from 45 to 64, 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.5 males.2007 estimates state that the median income for a household in the borough was $109,887, the median income for a family was $124,656.
Males had a median income of $92,678 versus $61,990 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $62,230. About 2.3% of families and 3.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 3.3% o
College Hoops 2K8
College Hoops 2K8 is a video game by Visual Concepts and 2K Sports. It was released on November 19, 2007 for the Xbox 360, PlayStation 2 and PlayStation 3; the cover features Greg Oden of the Ohio State Buckeyes. Every school competing in Division I NCAA college basketball at the time was included in 2K8, including recent additions South Carolina-Upstate, Cal State-Bakersfield and Florida Gulf Coast. Not included were Presbyterian College and North Carolina Central, D-1 independents. Centenary College of the Summit League was unlicensed and instead named UL-Calcutta; the game featured the ability to change and modify rosters and share them online via the newly introduced 2K Share feature. The real coaches feature was dropped from this game because the coaches chose not to renew their contracts and all of the coaches are unnamed; the announcers/commentators featured in the game were Bill Raftery. The College Hoops series was put on hiatus in 2008 as 2K Sports declined to seek the college license for a 2K9 release.
EA Sports got the contract before 2K did, so EA will continue to make college basketball games. EA discontinued their college basketball game series in 2010, it is unknown if 2K Sports will continue to make their College Hoops 2K series. Legacy Mode-Open and Career modes Tournament Mode Create-a-Team mode Quick game mode Create-a-Player On the fly playcalling Manage Rosters Game Sliders Customize Rosters Improved and enhanced gameplay Over 328 division 1 teams, authentic jerseys and arenas In this type of campaign, the user has the option of going with Open Legacy or Career Legacy. In Career Legacy, the user can choose from lowly rated basketball programs and bring them into the national spotlight. In Open Legacy, the user can begin their legacy. Taking place in the Legacy Mode and setting apart College Hoops 2k8 from other basketball games is the ability to track and recruit high-school and Junior College players. Arabian Prince - "Professor X Saga" ARIV feat Page - "Weatherman" Bumblebeez - "Black Dirt" Deltron 3030 - "Positive Contact" Dilated Peoples - "Spit It Clearly" E Reece - "Just Move" Guilty Simpson - "Make It Fast" The Heliocentrics - "Joyride" Hot Chip - "My Piano" J Dilla & MF Doom - "MASH" James Pants - "You're Doing It" Jurassic 5 - "Without a Doubt" Liars - "Plaster Casts of Everything" Oh No - "Chump" Panthers - "Goblin City" Percee P - "Legendary Lyricist" DJ Romanowski - "Lord Of The Pants" Ski Beats - "Idea" Strange Fruit Project - "Underclassmen" Strange Fruit Project - "Through The Lane" TOPKAT - "Til' U Had Enough" The Black Lips - "It Feels Alright" The Kooks - "Eddie's Gun" The game was met with positive to mixed reception upon release.
GameRankings and Metacritic gave it a score of 80.96% and 82 out of 100 for the PlayStation 3 version. College Hoops 2K8 Media-player widget College Hoops 2K8 at MobyGames
Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent or between two teams of two players each. Each player uses a tennis racket, strung with cord to strike a hollow rubber ball covered with felt over or around a net and into the opponent's court; the object of the game is to maneuver the ball in such a way that the opponent is not able to play a valid return. The player, unable to return the ball will not gain a point, while the opposite player will. Tennis is played at all levels of society and at all ages; the sport can be played by anyone. The modern game of tennis originated in Birmingham, England, in the late 19th century as lawn tennis, it had close connections both to various field games such as croquet and bowls as well as to the older racket sport today called real tennis. During most of the 19th century, in fact, the term tennis referred to real tennis, not lawn tennis; the rules of modern tennis have changed little since the 1890s. Two exceptions are that from 1908 to 1961 the server had to keep one foot on the ground at all times, the adoption of the tiebreak in the 1970s.
A recent addition to professional tennis has been the adoption of electronic review technology coupled with a point-challenge system, which allows a player to contest the line call of a point, a system known as Hawk-Eye. Tennis is played by millions of recreational players and is a popular worldwide spectator sport; the four Grand Slam tournaments are popular: the Australian Open played on hard courts, the French Open played on red clay courts, Wimbledon played on grass courts, the US Open played on hard courts. Historians believe that the game's ancient origin lay in 12th century northern France, where a ball was struck with the palm of the hand. Louis X of France was a keen player of jeu de paume, which evolved into real tennis, became notable as the first person to construct indoor tennis courts in the modern style. Louis was unhappy with playing tennis outdoors and accordingly had indoor, enclosed courts made in Paris "around the end of the 13th century". In due course this design spread across royal palaces all over Europe.
In June 1316 at Vincennes, Val-de-Marne and following a exhausting game, Louis drank a large quantity of cooled wine and subsequently died of either pneumonia or pleurisy, although there was suspicion of poisoning. Because of the contemporary accounts of his death, Louis X is history's first tennis player known by name. Another of the early enthusiasts of the game was King Charles V of France, who had a court set up at the Louvre Palace, it wasn't until the 16th century that rackets came into use, the game began to be called "tennis", from the French term tenez, which can be translated as "hold!", "receive!" or "take!", an interjection used as a call from the server to his opponent. It was popular in England and France, although the game was only played indoors where the ball could be hit off the wall. Henry VIII of England was a big fan of this game, now known as real tennis. During the 18th and early 19th centuries, as real tennis declined, new racket sports emerged in England. Further, the patenting of the first lawn mower in 1830, in Britain, is believed to have been the catalyst, for the preparation of modern-style grass courts, sporting ovals, playing fields, greens, etc.
This in turn led to the codification of modern rules for many sports, including lawn tennis, most football codes, lawn bowls and others. Between 1859 and 1865 Harry Gem, a solicitor and his friend Augurio Perera developed a game that combined elements of racquets and the Basque ball game pelota, which they played on Perera's croquet lawn in Birmingham, United Kingdom. In 1872, along with two local doctors, they founded the world's first tennis club on Avenue Road, Leamington Spa; this is. After Leamington, the second club to take up the game of lawn tennis appears to have been the Edgbaston Archery and Croquet Society in Birmingham. In Tennis: A Cultural History, Heiner Gillmeister reveals that on December 8, 1874, British army officer Walter Clopton Wingfield wrote to Harry Gem, commenting that he had been experimenting with his version of lawn tennis “for a year and a half”. In December 1873, Wingfield designed and patented a game which he called sphairistikè, was soon known as "sticky" – for the amusement of guests at a garden party on his friend's estate of Nantclwyd Hall, in Llanelidan, Wales.
According to R. D. C. Evans, turfgrass agronomist, "Sports historians all agree that deserves much of the credit for the development of modern tennis." According to Honor Godfrey, museum curator at Wimbledon, Wingfield "popularized this game enormously. He produced a boxed set which included a net, rackets, balls for playing the game – and most you had his rules, he was terrific at marketing and he sent his game all over the world. He had good connections with the clergy, the law profession, the aristocracy and he sent thousands of sets out in the first year or so, in 1874." The world's oldest annual tennis tournament took place at Leamington Lawn Tennis Club in Birmingham in 1874. This was three years before the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club would hold its first championships at Wimbledon, in 1877; the first Championships culminated a significant debate on. In the U. S. in 1874 Mary Ewing Outerbridge, a young socialite, returned from Bermuda with a sphairistikè set. She became fascin
Greg Gumbel is an American television sportscaster. He is best known for his various assignments for CBS Sports; the older brother of news and sportscaster Bryant Gumbel, he became the first African-American announcer to call play-by-play of a major sports championship in the United States when he announced Super Bowl XXXV for the CBS network in 2001. He is of Creole ancestry. Gumbel is a play-by-play broadcaster for the NFL on CBS alongside Trent Green as well as the studio host for CBS' men's college basketball coverage. Gumbel was born in New Orleans, the first child of parents Richard Gumbel, a judge, Rhea Alice LeCesne; as a young man, Gumbel grew up on Chicago's South Side, where he attended and graduated from De La Salle Institute. Before becoming a broadcaster, Gumbel graduated with a B. A. degree in English from Loras College in Dubuque, Iowa where he played on the baseball team. He has two sisters, Renee Gumbel-Farrahi and Rhonda Gumbel-Thomas. In 1973, Greg's brother Bryant Gumbel informed him that a Chicago TV station was auditioning for a sports announcer.
At the time, Greg was selling hospital supplies in Detroit. He got the job and worked there for seven years; the sportscaster he replaced, Dennis Swanson, went on to become president of ABC Sports. Prior to his rising to prominence at CBS, Gumbel worked for MSG, ESPN, WFAN radio in New York City. At ESPN, he did "play-by-play" for early NBA games. On MSG, Gumbel served as a backup announcer for Marv Albert on New York Knicks broadcasts as well as providing coverage for college basketball; when MSG signed a huge contract to broadcast New York Yankees games in 1989, Gumbel served as host of the pregame and postgame shows. In addition to his MSG duties, he was the host of the first radio morning show on radio station WFAN. Gumbel's CBS career began with part-time work as an NFL announcer in 1988. In 1989, Gumbel began announcing college basketball as well, he became host of The NFL Today for the 1990 to 1993 seasons. He anchored CBS' coverage of Major League Baseball, college football, and, in 1999, CBS' coverage for the Daytona 500.
Besides his hosting duties, Gumbel provided play-by-play for the NBA, Major League Baseball including the 1993 American League Championship Series, College World Series baseball. He was the prime time anchor for the 1994 Winter Olympic Games from Lillehammer, Norway and co-anchor for the weekday morning broadcasts of the 1992 Winter Olympics from Albertville, France. Gumbel moved to NBC in 1994 following CBS' losses of the NFL and Major League Baseball broadcasting contracts. While at NBC, Gumbel hosted NBC's coverage of the 1994 Major League Baseball All-Star Game, he did play-by-play for the 1995 Major League Baseball National League Division Series and National League Championship Series, did play-by-play for The NBA on NBC, hosted NBC's daytime coverage of the 1996 Summer Olympics from Atlanta, hosted the 1995 World Championships of Figure Skating, served as the studio host for The NFL on NBC. Gumbel left NBC after the network broadcast of Super Bowl XXXII to return to CBS, his first major assignment was to serve as studio host for the network's coverage of college basketball, including the NCAA men's basketball tournament, something he continues to do to this day.
As CBS had just acquired the rights to NBC's previous NFL package, Gumbel joined the broadcast team as the lead announcer with fellow NBC alumnus Phil Simms as his color man. Gumbel was the lead announcer for the NFL on CBS between 1998 and 2003, calling Super Bowls XXXV and XXXVIII. For the 2004 NFL season, Gumbel traded positions with Jim Nantz as host of The NFL Today with Nantz taking over as lead announcer. At the end of the 2005 NFL season, Gumbel was replaced as studio host of The NFL Today by James Brown. Gumbel returned to the broadcast booth as the #2 play-by-play man, replacing Dick Enberg, alongside color man Dan Dierdorf until Dierdorf retired after the 2013–14 NFL season. Gumbel worked alongside Trent Green in the #3 team as of 2017. Greg, his wife Marcy, brother Bryant, Greg's married daughter Michelle all reside in the Fort Lauderdale, Florida area. In 1999, Gumbel refused to attend a NASCAR banquet honoring Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas, on the basis that he disagreed with Thomas' positions on political issues.
He has appeared on Howard Stern's radio show. Along similar lines, Gumbel said of Rush Limbaugh, "I find him someone whose words and opinions I can do without." Gumbel is the third man to serve as both play-by-play announcer for Super Bowls. He hosted Super Bowls XXVI, XXX, XXXII before calling Super Bowls XXXV and XXXVIII. Jim Nantz became the fourth man to do so after he called Super Bowl XLI for CBS. During his tenure as the chief anchor of The NFL Today, he served alongside co-anchors Dan Marino, Shannon Sharpe, Boomer Esiason; the group was known to call him by his nickname "Gumby". 1979–1988: ESPN – Reporter, Play-by-play 1989: MSG Network New York Yankees – Play-by-play 1989–1994: College Basketball on CBS – Play-by-play 1990–1993.
In sports broadcasting, a sports commentator gives a running commentary of a game or event in real time during a live broadcast, traditionally delivered in the historical present tense. Radio was the first medium for sports broadcasts, radio commentators must describe all aspects of the action to listeners who cannot see it for themselves. In the case of televised sports coverage, commentators are presented as a voiceover, with images of the contest shown on viewers' screens and sounds of the action and spectators heard in the background. Television commentators are shown on screen during an event, though some networks choose to feature their announcers on camera either before or after the contest or during breaks in the action; the main commentator called the play-by-play announcer or commentator in North America, blow-by-blow in combat sports coverage or lap-by-lap for motorsports coverage, is the primary speaker on the broadcast. Broadcasters in this role are valued for their articulateness and for their ability to describe each play or event of an fast-moving sporting event.
The ideal play-by-play voice has a vocal timbre, tolerable to hear over the multiple hours of a sports broadcast and yet dynamic enough to convey and enhance the importance of the in-game activity. Because of their skills, some commentators like Al Michaels in the U. S. David Coleman in the UK and Bruce McAvaney in Australia, may have careers in which they call several different sports at one time or another. Other main commentators may, only call one sport; the vast majority of play-by-play announcers are male. Radio and television play-by-play techniques involve different approaches, it is unusual to have radio and television broadcasts share the same play-by-play commentator for the same event, except in cases of low production budgets or when a broadcaster is renowned. The analyst or color commentator provides expert analysis and background information, such as statistics, strategy on the teams and athletes, anecdotes or light humor, they are former athletes or coaches in their respective sports, although there are some exceptions.
The term "color" refers to insight provided by analyst. The most common format for a sports broadcast is to have an analyst/color commentator work alongside the main/play-by-play announcer. An example is NBC Sunday Night Football in the United States, called by color commentator Cris Collinsworth, a former American football receiver, play-by-play commentator Al Michaels, a professional announcer. In the United Kingdom, there is a much less distinct division between play-by-play and color commentary, although two-man commentary teams feature an enthusiast with formal journalistic training but little or no competitive experience leading the commentary, an expert former competitor following up with analysis or summary. There are however exceptions to this — most of the United Kingdom's leading cricket and snooker commentators are former professionals in their sports, while the former Formula One racing commentator Murray Walker had no formal journalistic training and only limited racing experience of his own.
In the United States, George "Pat" Summerall, a former professional kicker, spent most of his broadcasting career as a play-by-play announcer. Although the combination of a play-by-play announcer and a color commentator is standard as of 2014, in the past it was much more common for a broadcast to have no analysts and just have a single play-by-play announcer to work alone. Vin Scully, longtime announcer for the Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers baseball team, was one of the few examples of this practice lasting into the 21st century until he retired in 2016. A sideline reporter assists a sports broadcasting crew with sideline coverage of the playing field or court; the sideline reporter makes live updates on injuries and breaking news or conducts player interviews while players are on the field or court because the play-by-play broadcaster and color commentator must remain in their broadcast booth. Sideline reporters are granted inside information about an important update, such as injury, because they have the credentials necessary to do so.
In cases of big events, teams consisting of many sideline reporters are placed strategically so that the main commentator has many sources to turn to. In motorsports, it is typical for there to be multiple pit reporters, covering the event from along pit road, their responsibilities will include covering breaking news trackside, interviewing crew chiefs and other team leaders about strategy, commentating on pit stops from along the pit wall. In British sports broadcasting, the presenter of a sports broadcast is distinct from the commentator, based in a remote broadcast television studio away from the sports venue. In North America, the on-air personality based in the studio is called the studio host. During their shows, the presenter/studio host may be joined by additional analysts or pundits when showing highlights of various other matches. Various sports may have different commentator