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Trade Expansion Act

The Trade Expansion Act of 1962 is an American trade law. Section 232 of the Act under certain circumstances allows the President to impose tariffs based on a recommendation from the U. S. Secretary of Commerce if "an article is being imported into the United States in such quantities or under such circumstances as to threaten or impair the national security." This section has been used, It was used in 1979 and 1982. It had not been invoked since the creation of the World Trade Organization in 1995, until it was invoked by President Trump on March 8, 2018, to impose tariffs on steel and aluminum. In 1962, Congress granted the President of the United States unprecedented authority to negotiate tariff reductions of up to 80%, it paved the way for the Kennedy Round of General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade negotiations, concluding on June 30, 1967, the last day before expiration of the Act. On April 27, 2017, President Donald Trump ordered a review of the aluminum imports and threats to national security under the Trade Expansion Act of 1962.

On March 8, 2018, President Trump signed an order to impose the tariffs on steel and aluminum under Section 232 of the Act and citing "national security" grounds. On May 23, 2018, President Trump "instructed Secretary Ross to consider initiating a Section 232 investigation into imports of automobiles, including trucks, automotive parts to determine their effects on America’s national security. Core industries such as automobiles and automotive parts are critical to our strength as a Nation."In mid-February 2019, Commerce Department Secretary Wilbur Ross delivered a confidential report to President Trump which concluded the Department's investigation under Section 232, that there was a legal rational for the imposition of steep tariffs on the import of foreign automobiles, as these imports—like steel and aluminum—posed a threat to U. S. national security. According to a March 20, 2019 article in Politico, the proposed tariffs could be as high as 25%. Politico reported that as of March 20, the requests by the Chair of the Senate Finance Committee—Chuck Grassley to access a copy of the confidential report, had been denied.

The deadline for Trump's decision on the imposition of the tariffs is in mid-May, ninety days after the report's release. Trade Act of 1974 Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act

History of rail transport in Chile

This article is part of the history of rail transport by country series The history of rail transport in Chile has gone through several periods of boom and bust. It began in the mid-nineteenth century, with the construction of the first branch in the north, in place only from Iquique to Puerto Montt and has many abandoned sections. There are four international branches: one from Arica to La Paz in Bolivia, another from Antofagasta to La Paz, between Antofagasta and Salta and a bi-oceanic corridor between Valparaiso and Buenos Aires. In addition, there was a network in the big island of Chiloe, a host of now abandoned branches. There were private industrial lines such as the Anglo-Chilean Nitrate & Railway Company which hauled nitrate for decades. Chilean silver rush Rail transport in Chile Occupation of Araucanía Media related to History of rail transport in Chile at Wikimedia Commons

The Memory of Love

The Memory of Love is a 2010 novel by Aminatta Forna about the experiences of three men in Sierra Leone. Maaza Mengiste reviewing The Memory of Love "gives us a stronger, more nuanced voice, a writer more willing to take risks with plot and character; the results of that risk-taking are, mixed." And concluded "at the core of this novel is the brave and beating heart, at once vulnerable and determined, unwilling to let go of all it has loved."The Guardian, found it "an ambitious and researched novel"The Memory of Love has been reviewed by Booklist, BookPage Reviews, Publishers Weekly, Kirkus Reviews, The Daily Telegraph, The Spectator. 2011 Commonwealth Writers' Prize: Best Book - winner 2011 Warwick Prize - shortlist 2011 Women's Prize for Fiction - shortlist 2012 International Dublin Literary Award - shortlist Library holdings of The Memory of Love

Yakuza (video game)

Yakuza is an action-adventure video game developed and published by Sega for the PlayStation 2. It was released in 2005 in September 2006 elsewhere; the story follows Kazuma Kiryu, a yakuza member who spent ten years in jail for a crime he did not commit. After being released, he learns that the criminal underworld is searching for 10 billion yen, stolen from the Tojo clan, he comes across an orphan named Haruka, being targeted by the clan. She is believed to have the key to their lost money and Kiryu resolves to protect her; the game takes place in a realistic recreation of Tokyo's Kabukicho district. Yakuza makes use of role-playing elements; the player gains experience from combat, used to improve Kiryu's fighting capabilities. In order to finance the game's expensive production, Sega contracted a tie-in campaign with famous Japanese companies. A remake of the game, Yakuza Kiwami, was released for PlayStation 3 and PlayStation 4 in 2016; the critical reception was positive. Although some criticized its clunky mechanics, the game was received well for its presentation and story.

Yakuza was a commercial success. It went on to spawn an entire franchise of games. Yakuza is a third-person open world action-adventure game where the player controls Kazuma Kiryu in the city of Kamurocho; the game incorporates role-playing elements. With the experience gained from combat, the player can level up Kiryu's attributes and increase his fighting capabilities in order to perform Heat actions which damage his enemies. Yakuza utilizes quick time events during the fights. While Kamurocho's map shows the linear path to continue the main story, the player may take on missions and side quests found around the city; the game is composed of three interconnected modes called Event and Battle. In Encounter Battles, the player randomly encounters foes. Winning these battle nets some cash, which can be used to purchase equipment or healing items. Items are divided into multiple real companies; the Battle Mode includes the Underground Arena, located in Kamurocho's Purgatory area. Cutscenes are enabled after completing specific actions or beating a certain character during the Adventure Mode.

They introduce the chapter's objectives. Various minigames are available within'Adventure Mode' in the form of arcade machines scattered throughout the game world; these include a claw crane, a batting cage, a casino and pachislot. The game follows the story of Kazuma Kiryu, a yakuza whose life changes when his boss, Sohei Dojima, attempts to rape Kiryu's childhood friend, Yumi Sawamura ); when Dojima is murdered by Kiryu's best friend and fellow yakuza, Akira Nishikiyama, Kiryu accepts blame for the murder, is imprisoned for ten years. During his incarceration, Kiryu is expelled from his organization, the Tojo Clan, Yumi goes missing. After his release, he learns that ten billion yen has been stolen from the Tojo Clan's private bank, that the entire Japanese underworld is now searching for the lost wealth. Kiryu asks his former captain and adopted father, Shintaro Kazama, about Yumi's disappearance, but Nishikiyama, who now controls his own gang, shoots Kazama after he reveals that Yumi was connected to the lost money.

Kiryu manages to escape from the Tojo, who now regard him as an enemy and put a contract out on his life. His escape is aided by a detective named Makoto Date, investigating Kiryu since the death of Dojima, is now investigating the murder of Third Chairman Masaru Sera, the former Tojo Clan leader whose death has triggered a war between Kazama, an ambitious yakuza boss, Futoshi Shimano. In his search for Yumi, Kiryu finds an orphan named Haruka Sawamura, searching for her mother, who Date identifies as Yumi's younger sister. Haruka is targeted by the yakuza, who believe that her pendant, which Yumi gave to her for safekeeping, is the key to the missing ten billion. Kazuma is forced to protect her from not just Shimano and Nishikiyama, but Goro Majima, Shimano's sadistic lieutenant, as well as the Omi Alliance, a rival yakuza organization, the Snake Flower Triad, led by Kiryu's old enemy Lau Ka Long, the MIA, a mysterious group with ties to the Japanese government. Kiryu learns from Kazama that Haruka is Yumi's daughter, that "Mizuki" is Yumi under an assumed identity.

Yumi suffered amnesia after she was attacked by Dojima, but recovered and married Kyohei Jingu, an ambitious politician who allied himself with Sera. After accidentally killing a journalist who had tried to blackmail him with evidence that he had abandoned his family, Jingu asked Sera to have them murdered. Kazama saved Yumi and persuaded Sera to turn on Jingu, having learned that the latter was using the clan to launder the ten billion for his own purposes. Shimano ambushes them but Kiryu defeats him. Before dying, Kazama confesses to Kiryu that he killed his parents when he was young and that he in fact operated the Sunflower Orphanage Kiryu grew up in. Armed with the knowledge of the money's location and Haruka head to Millennium Tower, where they meet Yumi, who has recovered her memori

Reykjavík Cathedral

Reykjavík Cathedral is a cathedral church in Reykjavík, the seat of the Bishop of Iceland and mother church of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Iceland, as well as the parish church of the old city centre and environs. It is located at Austurvöllur, next to it is Alþingishúsið. Since Iceland's parliament, the Alþingi, was resurrected in 1845, each session of parliament has begun with a Mass at the cathedral, from there the dean of the cathedral leads the members of parliament to the parliament house; the organ boasts three manuals and thirty-one independent voices and was built in Berlin by Karl Schuke GmbH. List of cathedrals in Iceland Hjörleifur Stefánsson, Guðný Gerður Gunnarsdóttir and Hjörleifur Stefánsson. 1987. Kvosin – Byggingarsaga miðbæjar Reykjavíkur. Torfusamtökin, Reykjavík. Website of Reykjavík Cathedral Description at kirkjukort.net

Train Mountain Railroad

Train Mountain Railroad is a miniature hobbyist railroad near Chiloquin, Oregon, in Klamath County, in the south central region of Oregon. It is situated between Klamath Falls, Oregon 26 miles to the south, Crater Lake National Park to the north; the 2,400-acre property borders Highway 97 on the east side, Highway 62 on the west side, Highway 422 on the north. The track and facilities which are not obscured by trees are visible on public satellite images; the elevation at Train Mountain varies from 4,200 feet at South Meadow, 4,293 feet at Central Station, 4,406 feet at Ward Passing Track, to 4,780 feet at Steiger Butte, the highest point on Train Mountain property. In the 2004 Guinness World Records, Train Mountain is recognized as the “Longest Miniature Hobby Railroad”. At the time Train Mountain was recognized by Guinness, it was reported to have 69,900 feet of 7 1⁄2 in gauge mainline track and 133,250 feet of total track including yards, sidings and connector tracks. During the following years 10 additional miles of new track has been added.

The Train Mountain 7 1⁄2 in gauge miniature railway track is used for 1.5" scale trains. Trains of 2.5" scale are common at Train Mountain. Some of these 2.5" scale steam locomotives can weigh in excess of 3,500 pounds for the engine and tender when loaded with water and fuel. Train Mountain is well known to members of the live steam hobby who visit from all over the world. Train Mountain was featured on Oregon Public Broadcasting 2005 video on Train Mountain and "The Dream." "The Dream" refers to late founder of Train Mountain, Quentin Breen, whose dream was to build the railroad at Train Mountain as explained in the video. Train Mountain was again featured on OPB Oregon Field Guide in the fall of 2017. A Garden railway in G Scale is being constructed at Train Mountain on 4 acres in the center of a 7 1⁄2 in gauge miniature railway track circle known as Midway Circle. Midway Circle is one of several such circles, which are roundabouts. Train Mountain Railroad Museum exists on the Train Mountain property, consists of antique full size railroad rolling stock and artifacts which are on display.

One of the most notable is the 100-short-ton antique, steam-powered, rotary snow blower or rotary snowplow, SP MW206, built by ALCo, 11/1923, #65353, used to remove snow from the track between Klamath Falls and Eugene, Oregon. The rotary snow blower was moved to Train Mountain on November 16, 2008; the 25th anniversary of the founding of Train Mountain was celebrated during the summer of 2012. The celebration featured an international miniature train meet entitled the "2012 Triennial." The Train Mountain tradition of Triennials began in the year 2000, has been held every three years thereafter. According to the trainmountaintriennial.org website, as of January, 2012, pre-registrations for the next triennial include participants from Australia, New Zealand, Germany, UK, the US, many more are expected. Other train meets for members and those who own, operate, or have an interest in 7 1⁄2 in gauge railroading are held seven times a year; these events attract participants from all over the Canada.

They are popular with live steam enthusiasts due to the uniqueness of the layout, the ability to operate heavy steam powered locomotives that may not be allowed at other railroads. Free public train rides are available at Klamath & Western Railroad, a 5013 non-profit public benefit corporation, located directly east and adjacent to Train Mountain on South Chiloquin Road; the train ride uses 1.6 miles of track, takes about 15 to 20 minutes. Klamath & Western Railroad existed prior to the founding of Train Mountain under the name of "Over The Hill Live Steamers", a result of being referred to as being over the hill from the Medford Live Steamers since to get there one had to traverse the Oregon Cascade Mountain Range. Klamath & Western Railroad has several antique railroad items on display, including the antique Train Order Semaphore Signal used at the Southern Pacific Station in Junction City, Oregon. Train Mountain is maintained by member volunteers, who provide special tours of Train Mountain for those who want to see more than that provided by the regular K & W public tour.

Such tours can take as long as eight hours, the group will still not see all of the Train Mountain track. These tours must be arranged in advance through the Train Mountain office. Train Mountain features a Central Train Control or centralized traffic control, a computer controlled switching and signal system; the status of this system can be viewed online at the Friends of Train Mountain website. Train Mountain Railroad Museum - official site