Trader's Bank Building

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Trader's Bank Building
Trader's Bank Building Toronto.jpg
Former namesMontreal Trust Building
General information
StatusComplete
TypeCommercial offices
Architectural styleNeo-Classical
Location67 Yonge Street
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Coordinates43°38′55″N 79°22′39″W / 43.648737°N 79.377374°W / 43.648737; -79.377374Coordinates: 43°38′55″N 79°22′39″W / 43.648737°N 79.377374°W / 43.648737; -79.377374
Construction started1905
Completed1906
Height
Roof55.39 m (181.7 ft)
Technical details
Floor count15
Design and construction
ArchitectCarrère and Hastings
Designated1976
References
[1][2]

Trader's Bank Building is a 15-storey, 55.39 m (181.7 ft) early skyscraper (the first in Toronto [3] ), completed in 1906 at 67 Yonge Street in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The building was designed by Carrère and Hastings, with construction beginning in 1905, it was the tallest building in the British Commonwealth until the Royal Liver Building was completed in 1911. It remains one of Canada's few surviving skyscrapers of the early 20th Century.

History[edit]

The building was assembled using two million bricks and 1700 tons of steel beams riveted using compressed air (with "millions" of rivets needed); once the foundations were finished, it was erected at a rate of about a floor a week; the building was designed to be fireproof, thanks to the steel frame. In the event of a fire, fire doors would shut the elevators and staircases, with two large fire escapes in the rear. Steam heat on a vacuum system would warm the interior. Electric lights throughout and telephone cables on each floor were touted as features. [4]

When described in a period newspaper, it was to have a flag pole 200 feet above street level and four high-speed elevators going up 187 feet, it was projected to hold 1500 people. The exterior was to be made of stone, brick and terra cotta (sourced from Perth-Amboy and used on the lower three floors) with limestone casings; the floors are made of Canadian Portland cement. The only use of wood was in the windows, doors and frames; the roof was to have a promenade, with the owner unsure if the public would be admitted. [4]

The bank would occupy the first two storeys. [4]

Construction of the building was marked by several accidents and one fatality. An engineer was scalded by a faulty steam injector in November 1905.[5]

The building was innovative in its leasing arrangements, it was the first major Toronto building to introduce the New York system of leasing by the square foot.[6] The building was completed by early December 1906, and the bank shortly moved into its new headquarters;[7] the Traders Bank was based in Toronto, with strong roots in rural Ontario; it would later become part of the Royal Bank of Canada, [8] with RBC acquiring the Traders Bank in 1912. [9]

The building's height was fairly controversial at the time. A number of the city's public intellectuals and many of its architects expressed dismay at the prospect of skyscrapers, it would overload the property values and shade the streets, trapping the disease-causing "miasmas" that still lurked in the public imagination. The Globe newspaper complained: "in the next ten or fifteen years .... The chief retail thorofares will then look like a Colorado canyon."[10] Other editorials on the skyscraper theme compared Toronto to New York:

but if the skyscraper habit grows, as there is every indication it will … the lower end of Yonge street and the central portion of King street will become dim sunless canyons such as one sees in the financial centre of New York.[11]

The tall building did change the customary wind patterns at Yonge & Colborne. There were signs of urban canyon effect winds by the spring of 1909.[12]

The City Architect in November 1907 promised it would not start a trend: There would be strict enforcement of the 200 foot height limit,[13] which was still taller than the building itself; as it turned out, city council was usually persuaded to waive the height limits downtown, and the Traders' Bank was very shortly overtaken by even taller buildings.

Heritage Protection[edit]

The property is designated under Part IV of the Ontario Heritage Act since 1976; the City notes it was first known as the Traders Bank Building , later Montreal Trust. It was built in 1905-06, designed by Carrere & Hastings in association with F.S. Baker. Part of the property to be later known as 6-8 Colborne Street was removed from the designated property in 1999, not being of architectural merit.[14]

The designation notes: " The Montreal Trust Building, originally the Traders Bank Building, Nos. 61-67 Yonge Street at 4 Colborne Street (NE), 1905 by Carriere & Hastings; F. S. Baker, Associate is designated on architectural grounds as a notable example of French inspired Beaux Arts classicism by a very important firm of New York architects; the building was, when finished, the tallest building in the British Empire (the first skyscraper in Toronto) and it still plays an important part in the streetscape of Yonge Street." [3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Trader's Bank Building at Emporis
  2. ^ "Trader's Bank Building". SkyscraperPage.
  3. ^ a b "IN THE MATTER OF THE ONTARIO HERITAGE ACT, 1974,S.0. CHAPTER 122, AND IN THE MATTER OF THE DESIGNATION OF THE PROPERTY KNOWN AS THE MONTREAL TRUST BUILDING (ORIGINALLY THE TRADERS BANK BUILDING) AT NOS.61-67 YONGE STREET". by-law No. 449-76 of 1976.
  4. ^ a b c "Tallest in the Empire" (PDF). The Huron Expositor. Seaforth, Ontario. December 15, 1905. Retrieved December 20, 2018.
  5. ^ The Globe. 17 November 1905, p. 12; 18 December 1906, p. 7
  6. ^ The Toronto Daily Star. 16 June 1906, p. 21
  7. ^ The Globe. 18 December 1906, p. 7
  8. ^ "1910 - 1925, Filling in the Map: Growth by Amalgamation, Traders Bank of Canada". Royal Bank of Canada. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  9. ^ Bonham, Mark S. "Royal Bank of Canada (RBC)". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  10. ^ The Globe. 25 June 1909, p. 26
  11. ^ The Globe. 16 March 1912, p. 38
  12. ^ The Toronto Daily Star. 7 April 1909, p. 13
  13. ^ The Toronto Daily Star. 12 November 1907, p. 1
  14. ^ "Heritage Property Detail, 67 Yonge St". City of Toronto's Heritage Property Search. Retrieved June 6, 2018.

External links[edit]