Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south; the kanji that make up Japan's name mean "sun origin", it is called the "Land of the Rising Sun". Japan is a stratovolcanic archipelago consisting of about 6,852 islands; the four largest are Honshu, Hokkaido and Shikoku, which make up about ninety-seven percent of Japan's land area and are referred to as home islands. The country is divided into 47 prefectures in eight regions, with Hokkaido being the northernmost prefecture and Okinawa being the southernmost one; the population of 127 million is the world's tenth largest. 90.7 % of people live in cities. About 13.8 million people live in the capital of Japan. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world with over 38 million people. Archaeological research indicates; the first written mention of Japan is in Chinese history texts from the 1st century AD.
Influence from other regions China, followed by periods of isolation from Western Europe, has characterized Japan's history. From the 12th century until 1868, Japan was ruled by successive feudal military shōguns who ruled in the name of the Emperor. Japan entered into a long period of isolation in the early 17th century, ended in 1853 when a United States fleet pressured Japan to open to the West. After nearly two decades of internal conflict and insurrection, the Imperial Court regained its political power in 1868 through the help of several clans from Chōshū and Satsuma – and the Empire of Japan was established. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, victories in the First Sino-Japanese War, the Russo-Japanese War and World War I allowed Japan to expand its empire during a period of increasing militarism; the Second Sino-Japanese War of 1937 expanded into part of World War II in 1941, which came to an end in 1945 following the Japanese surrender. Since adopting its revised constitution on May 3, 1947, during the occupation led by SCAP, the sovereign state of Japan has maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with an Emperor and an elected legislature called the National Diet.
Japan is a member of the ASEAN Plus mechanism, UN, the OECD, the G7, the G8, the G20, is considered a great power. Its economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity, it is the world's fourth-largest exporter and fourth-largest importer. Japan benefits from a skilled and educated workforce. Although it has renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military with the world's eighth-largest military budget, used for self-defense and peacekeeping roles. Japan is a developed country with a high standard of living and Human Development Index, its population enjoys the highest life expectancy and third lowest infant mortality rate in the world, but is experiencing issues due to an aging population and low birthrate. Japan is renowned for its historical and extensive cinema, influential music industry, video gaming, rich cuisine and its major contributions to science and modern technology; the Japanese word for Japan is 日本, pronounced Nihon or Nippon and means "the origin of the sun".
The character nichi means "sun" or "day". The compound therefore means "origin of the sun" and is the source of the popular Western epithet "Land of the Rising Sun"; the earliest record of the name Nihon appears in the Chinese historical records of the Tang dynasty, the Old Book of Tang. At the end of the seventh century, a delegation from Japan requested that Nihon be used as the name of their country; this name may have its origin in a letter sent in 607 and recorded in the official history of the Sui dynasty. Prince Shōtoku, the Regent of Japan, sent a mission to China with a letter in which he called himself "the Emperor of the Land where the Sun rises"; the message said: "Here, I, the emperor of the country where the sun rises, send a letter to the emperor of the country where the sun sets. How are you". Prior to the adoption of Nihon, other terms such as Yamato and Wakoku were used; the term Wa is a homophone of Wo 倭, used by the Chinese as a designation for the Japanese as early as the third century Three Kingdoms period.
Another form of Wa, Wei in Chinese) was used for an early state in Japan called Nakoku during the Han dynasty. However, the Japanese disliked some connotation of Wa 倭, it was therefore replaced with the substitute character Wa, meaning "togetherness, harmony"; the English word Japan derives from the historical Chinese pronunciation of 日本. The Old Mandarin or early Wu Chinese pronunciation of Japan was recorded by Marco Polo as Cipangu. In modern Shanghainese, a Wu dialect, the pronunciation of characters 日本; the old Malay word for Japan, Japun or Japang, was borrowed from a southern coastal Chinese dialect Fukienese or Ningpo – and this Malay word was encountered by Portuguese traders in Southeast Asia in the 16th century. These Early Portuguese traders brought the word
Keihan Electric Railway
Keihan Electric Railway Co. Ltd. is a Japanese railway operator in Osaka and Shiga Prefectures. It is known as "Keihan", "Keihan Dentetsu" or "Keihan Densha", it is subsidiary of Keihan Holdings, Ltd.. Keihan started its operation between Osaka and Kyoto in 1910, it was the first electric railway to connect these two cities, the first line on the left bank of Yodo River. Keihan purchased the lines in the Ōtsu area. In the 1920s, Keihan built another Osaka-Kyoto line through its subsidiary Shinkeihan Railway, which merged into Keihan in 1930; this line is now known as Hankyu Kyoto Line. In 1943, with the power given by the Land Transport Business Coordination Act, the wartime government of Japan forced Keihan to merge with Hanshin Kyūkō Railway to form Keihanshin Kyūkō Railway. In 1949, the pre-war Keihan operations, except for Shinkeihan lines, restored independence under the original corporate name. Keihanshin Kyūkō Railway changed the name to present Hankyu Railway; the lines operated by Keihan are grouped into Ōtsu Lines.
The former operates between Osaka with long formation of larger rolling stock. The latter runs Ōtsu with more tram-like cars; the entire network has 1,435 mm standard gauge double track. Keihan Main Line: Yodoyabashi - Sanjo Ōtō Line: Sanjo - Demachiyanagi Nakanoshima Line: Nakanoshima - Temmabashi Katano Line: Hirakatashi - Kisaichi Uji Line: Chushojima - Uji Keishin Line: Misasagi - Biwako-hamaotsu Ishiyama Sakamoto Line: Ishiyamadera - Sakamoto-hieizanguchi Cable Line called Otokoyama Cable Keishin Line: Keishin-Sanjo - Misasagi Umeda Line As of 1 April 2016, Keihan owns a fleet of 693 vehicles, as follows. 1000 series 7-car EMUs x 6 2200 series 7-car EMUs x 7 2400 series 7-car EMUs x 6 2600 series 7-car EMUs x 7 3000 series 8-car EMUs x 6 5000 series 7-car EMUs x 7 6000 series 7/8-car EMUs x 14 7000 series 7-car EMUs x 4 7200 series 7/8-car EMUs x 3 8000 series 8-car EMUs x 10 9000 series 7/8-car EMUs x 5 10000 series 4/7-car EMUs x 6 13000 series 4/7-car EMUs x 8 600 series 2-car EMUs x 10 700 series 2-car EMUs x 5 800 series 4-car EMUs x 8 1900 series 5-car EMUs 8030 series 8-car EMU Train fare varies based on travel distance.
As of January 1, 2009, IC cards are accepted on the Keihan Lines and the Otsu Lines, but not on the Cable Line. The fare rate was changed on April 1, 2014 to reflect the change in the rate of consumption tax from 5% to 8%. Additional fare when taking or passing the following linesOto Line: 60 yen Nakanoshima Line: 60 yenWhen using commutation tickets, Naniwabashi Station is treated as the same station as Kitahama Station, Oebashi Station as that as Yodoyabashi Station. 200 yen The name Keihan is derived from the words Osaka in Japanese. The characters for Kyoto are 京都 and Osaka's are 大阪; the first character from Kyoto and the second from Osaka make 京阪, which can be read "Keihan". Keihan operates other businesses such as bus, water bus, department store and amusement park in the area along its railway system. Keihan Cable Line Keihan Electric Railway Keihan Electric Railway
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
The 211 series is a suburban electric multiple unit train type introduced in 1985 by Japanese National Railways, operated by East Japan Railway Company and Central Japan Railway Company and also operated by West Japan Railway Company in Japan. The 211 series was developed by JNR to replace 115 series trains; the 211 series incorporated stainless body construction. 211-0 series 211-1000 series 211-2000 series 211-3000 series 211-5000 series 211-6000 series Joyful Train variants Tōkaidō Main Line and Ito Line: Tokyo – Numazu/Ito Tōkaidō Main Line: Hamamatsu – Maibara Chūō Main Line: Tachikawa – Shiojiri Shinonoi Line: Shiojiri – Shinonoi Shinetsu Line: Shinonoi – Nagano Tohoku Main Line: Oyama – Utsunomiya Takasaki Line: Ueno - Takasaki Ryomo Line: Takasaki – Oyama Shinetsu Line: Shinonoi – Nagano Oito Line: Matsumoto –Shinano-Omachi Chuo Main Line: Tachikawa – Shiojiri/Shiojiri – Nakatsugawa Shinonoi Line: Shiojiri – Shinonoi Shinetsu Main Line: Shinonoi – Nagano Sobu Main Line: Chiba – Chōshi Narita Line: Chiba – Chōshi Kashima Line: Sawara – Kashima-Jingu Togane Line Uchibo Line: Chiba – Awa-Kamogawa Sotobo Line: Chiba – Awa-Kamogawa Iida Line Agatsuma Line Joetsu Line: Takasaki - Minakami Tokaido Main Line: Atami – Maibara Chuo Main Line: Nagoya – Nagiso Kansai Main Line: Nagoya – Kameyama Aichi Loop Line: Kozoji – Okazaki Super Saloon Yumeji: Three-car set converted from 211 and 213 series coaches which entered service in 1988 and withdrawn in March 2010.
Operated by JR-West and based at Okayama Depot. 213 series 311 series JR East 211 series JR Central 211 series information
Seibu Shinjuku Line
The Seibu Shinjuku Line is a Japanese railway line owned by the private railway operator Seibu Railway, connecting Seibu Shinjuku Station in Shinjuku, Tokyo with Hon-Kawagoe Station in Kawagoe, Saitama. The Shinjuku Line is one of two main lines of the Seibu Railway system along with the Ikebukuro Line; the two main lines cross at Tokorozawa Station in Saitama. The line serves the western suburbs of Tokyo, connecting them to Shinjuku and other areas of downtown Tokyo; the line is double-track, except for 1.1 km of single track between Wakita Junction and Hon-Kawagoe Station. While the section from Seibu-Shinjuku to Takadanobaba is elevated, the line runs at ground level through a suburban area until Saginomiya. Five types of train service are operated on the line: Local, Semi Express, Commuter Express, Koedo limited express, as shown below. Limited Express trains use Seibu 10000 series EMUs, a supplementary limited express ticket is required. There are regular through operations to the Kokubunji Line.
There are occasional through services to Seibu-Kyūjō-mae Station in order to bring fans to the Seibu Dome for Saitama Seibu Lions baseball games. The Seibu Shinjuku Line is one of the few major commuter rail lines in Tokyo that does not have through service to the Tokyo Metro or Toei Subway network. O: stop |: pass L: Local stop at all stations, not shown SE: Semi Express E: Express CE: Commuter Express HL: Haijima Liner LE: Koedo Limited Express A fleet of eight 10-car Seibu 40000 series EMUs is scheduled to be introduced from spring 2017, operating on the Seibu Ikebukuro, Seibu Shinjuku, Seibu Haijima Lines; the oldest section of the Shinjuku Line is between Hon-Kawagoe Station. This section was built by the Kawagoe Railway to serve as a freight feeder for the Kōbu Railway between Shinjuku and Tachikawa; the initial Kawagoe Railway route opened between Kokubunji and Kumegawa in 1894. Its northward extension to Kawagoe, the first part of what is now the Seibu Shinjuku Line, opened in 1895. Following several mergers and name changes between 1920 and 1922, the Kawagoe Railway became part of the Seibu Railway.
In 1927, Seibu Railway built its new dual track, electrified at 1,500 V DC, Murayama Line between Takadanobaba Station on the Yamanote Line in Tokyo and Higashi-Murayama Station to compete with Musashino Railway and the Japanese National Railways Chūō Main Line, the route being in the middle of the two. The rest of the line was electrified at the same time; the Higashi-Murayama to Tokorozawa section was double-tracked between 1950 and 1958, with the Tokorozawa to Irimagawa section double-tracked between 1967 and 1975. The rest of the line was double-tracked between 1980 and 1991. In 1952, a dual-track extension from Takadanobaba to Seibu-Shinjuku Station was completed. At this time the line was renamed the Shinjuku Line, integrating the Murayama Line and the northern section of the Kawagoe Line; the new Seibu-Shinjuku terminal was built as a temporary station, as Seibu planned to extend the line to the second floor of what is now known as Lumine Est on the east side of Shinjuku Station. This plan was scrapped due to insufficient space to handle trains longer than six cars.
Seibu-Shinjuku Station was expanded to include a high-rise hotel in 1977. During the 1960s, Seibu unsuccessfully negotiated with the Teito Rapid Transit Authority to offer through service between the Shinjuku Line and Tozai Line. Seibu's approach was rejected in favor of through operation with the Chuo Main Line. In the 1980s, Seibu drew up a plan to build an underground line for express trains between Seibu-Shinjuku and Kami-Shakujii, including a new underground station between Seibu-Shinjuku and the Metro Promenade; this plan was indefinitely postponed in 1995 due to costs and a decline in passenger ridership versus previous projections. Seibu was a bidder to acquire the former JR freight terminal site in 1989, where they planned to build a new underground terminal. From the start of the revised timetable on 30 June 2012, the limited-stop Rapid Express services were abolished. Station numbering was introduced on all Seibu Railway lines during fiscal 2012, with Seibu Shinjuku Line stations numbered prefixed with the letters "SS".
List of railway lines in Japan This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia Seibu Railway website
Taiwan the Republic of China, is a state in East Asia. Neighbouring states include the People's Republic of China to the west, Japan to the northeast, the Philippines to the south. Taiwan is the most populous state and largest economy, not a member of the United Nations; the island of Taiwan was inhabited by indigenous peoples for thousands of years before the 17th century, when Dutch colonialists opened the island to mass Han immigration. After a brief rule by the Kingdom of Tungning, the island was annexed in 1683 by the Qing dynasty of China, ceded to Japan in 1895. Following the surrender of Japan in 1945, the Republic of China, which had overthrown and succeeded the Qing in 1911, took control of Taiwan; the resumption of the Chinese Civil War led to the loss of the mainland to the Communists and the flight of the ROC government to Taiwan in 1949. Although the ROC government continued to claim to be the legitimate representative of China, since 1950 its effective jurisdiction has been limited to Taiwan and several small islands.
In the early 1960s, Taiwan entered a period of industrialisation. In the 1980s and early 1990s, it changed from a one-party military dictatorship to a multi-party democracy with a semi-presidential system; as a founding member, the ROC represented China in the UN until it was replaced by the PRC in 1971. The PRC has claimed sovereignty over Taiwan and refused diplomatic relations with any country that recognises the ROC; as of 2019, Taiwan maintains official ties with 16 out of 193 UN member states. Most international organisations in which the PRC participates either refuse to grant membership to Taiwan or allow it to participate only as a non-state actor. Most major powers maintain unofficial ties with Taiwan through representative offices and institutions that function as de facto embassies and consulates. In Taiwan, the major political division is between parties favouring eventual Chinese unification and promoting a Chinese identity contrasted with those aspiring to independence and promoting a Taiwanese identity, though both sides have moderated their positions to broaden their appeal.
Taiwan is a high-income advanced economy, with a skilled and educated workforce. It has the 22nd-largest economy in the world, its high-tech industry plays a key role in the global economy, it is urbanised, is one of the most densely populated countries in the world, with most of the population concentrated on the western coast. The state is ranked in terms of civil and political liberties, health care and human development. Various names for the island of Taiwan remain in use today, each derived from explorers or rulers during a particular historical period; the name Formosa dates from 1542, when Portuguese sailors sighted an uncharted island and noted it on their maps as Ilha Formosa. The name Formosa "replaced all others in European literature" and remained in common use among English speakers into the 20th century. In the early 17th century, the Dutch East India Company established a commercial post at Fort Zeelandia on a coastal sandbar called "Tayouan", after their ethnonym for a nearby Taiwanese aboriginal tribe Taivoan people, written by the Dutch and Portuguese variously as Taiouwang, Teijoan, etc.
This name was adopted into the Chinese vernacular as the name of the sandbar and nearby area. The modern word "Taiwan" is derived from this usage, seen in various forms in Chinese historical records; the area occupied by modern-day Tainan represented the first permanent settlement by both European colonists and Chinese immigrants. The settlement grew to be the island's most important trading centre and served as its capital until 1887. Use of the current Chinese name became official as early as 1684 with the establishment of Taiwan Prefecture. Through its rapid development the entire Formosan mainland became known as "Taiwan". In his Daoyi Zhilüe, Wang Dayuan used "Liuqiu" as a name for the island of Taiwan, or the part of it closest to Penghu. Elsewhere, the name was used for the Ryukyu Islands in general or Okinawa, the largest of them; the name appears in the Book of Sui and other early works, but scholars cannot agree on whether these references are to the Ryukyus, Taiwan or Luzon. The official name of the state is the "Republic of China".
Shortly after the ROC's establishment in 1912, while it was still located on the Chinese mainland, the government used the short form "China" to refer to itself, which derives from zhōng and guó, a term which developed under the Zhou dynasty in reference to its royal demesne, the name was applied to the area around Luoyi during the Eastern Zhou and to China's Central Plain before being used as an occasional synonym for the state during the Qing era. During the 1950s and 1960s, after the government had withdrawn to Taiwan upon losing the Chinese Civil War, it was referred to as "Nationalist China" to differentiate it from "Communist China", it was a member of the United Nations representing "China" until 1971, when it lost its seat to the People's Republic of China. Over subsequent decades, the Republic of China has become known as "Taiwan", after the island that comprises 99% of the territory under its control. In some contexts ROC government publications, the name is written as "
Meitetsu Nagoya Main Line
The Meitetsu Nagoya Main Line or Nagoya Line is a railway line operated by the private railway operator Nagoya Railroad, connecting Toyohashi Station in Toyohashi with Meitetsu Gifu Station in Gifu. Since its amalgamation in 1944 this has been the Meitetsu main line. Many branch lines of Meitetsu have through services to/from the Nagoya Line. Toyokawa, Nishio and Inuyama lines all have through services bound for Meitetsu Nagoya, making the segment around that station busy. Between Biwajima Junction and Kanayama, 26 trains proceed per hour during off-peak periods. All the stations accept a smart card; the line parallels the Tōkaidō Main Line in the Chūkyō Metropolitan Area. Local traffic on the Nagoya Line used to be much heavier than on the Tōkaidō Main Line, but since the privatization of the Japanese National Railways, transforming into the Central Japan Railway Company in this area, competition has become more significant in the Chūkyō area. Due to historical reasons, the line shares its track between Hirai Junction and Toyohashi Station with the JR Iida Line.
The agreement between two companies prohibits Meitetsu to have more than 6 trains in one direction per hour on the 3.8 km of shared tracks. Local trains are unable to reach Toyohashi, terminate at Ina Station. Distance: 99.8 km Stations: 60 Gauge: 1,067 mm Track: Quadruple: Jingū-mae to Kanayama Double: Hirai Signal Box to Jingū-mae, Kanayama to Meitetsu Gifu Single: Toyohashi to Hirai Signal Box Electric supply: 1,500 V DC Block system: Automatic Maximum speed at service: 120 km/h L: Local SE: Semi Express EX: Express RE: Rapid Express LE: Limited Express RL: Rapid Limited Express MU: μSKY Limited Express For abbreviations of rapid trains, refer to the above section. For distances and connections, see the route diagram. Trains stop at stations marked "●" and pass stations marked "|"; some trains stop at stations indicated by "▲". At Sukaguchi, Limited Expresses only from Tsushima Line stop. For distances and transfers, see the route diagram. 1: Some trains of the marked line directly go through Nagoya Line bound for Meitetsu Nagoya.
2: All trains of Inuyama line directly go through Nagoya Line bound for Meitetsu Nagoya. 2: Some trains of Takehana Line directly go through Nagoya Line bound for Meitetsu Gifu. Four different companies built sections of the line, which were subsequently amalgamated and linked to create today's line; the Nagoya Electric Railway opened the Ōshikirichō to Marunouchi section, dual track and electrified at 600 V DC, in 1914. Transferred to Nagoya Railway in 1921; the Bisai Railway opened the Kōnomiya to Ichinomiya section, single track and electrified at 600 V DC, in 1924. Merged with Nagoya Railroad in 1925; the Mino Electric Railway opened the Kasamatsu to Gifu section, single track and electrified at 600 V DC, in 1914. Merged with Nagoya Railroad in 1930, the company changed its name to Meigi Railway; the Marunouchi to Kōnomiya section was opened by the Nagoya Railway in 1928, the Ichinomiya to Kasamatsu section was opened by the Meigi Railway in 1935, by 1935 the line was dual track as far as Kanō.
Meanwhile, the Aichi Electric Railway opened the Jingu-mae to Arimatsu section in 1917, electrified at 600 V DC, extended the line to Toyohashi in 1927. The Narumi to Yahagibashi section was double-tracked in 1924, by 1935, the line was double-tracked from Horita to the Hirai Signal Box; the voltage on the line was increased to 1,500 V DC in 1925. In 1935 the Aichi Electric Railway merged with Meigi Railway, the company changed its name to Nagoya Railroad; the Jingū-mae to Horita section was double-tracked in 1942, in 1944, the Nagoya to Jingū-mae section opened as dual track, linking the two sections, although through-running was not possible until the voltage on the Nagoya to Gifu section had been increased to 1,500 V DC in 1948. The line was renamed the Nagoya Main Line. Marunouchi Station: The Nagoya Electric Railway opened a 1 km line to Kiyosu-Chō, electrified at 600 V DC, in 1914; the company merged with Meitetsu in 1930. Services were deemed non-essential and ceased in 1944, the line was formally closed in 1948 when the voltage on the main line was increased to 1,500 V DC.
Ichinomiya Station: The Nagoya Electric Railway opened a 7 km line electrified at 600 V DC from Iwakura on its Inuyama Line in 1913. The voltage on the line was increased to 1,500 V DC in 1948, the line closed in 1965. Gifu Station: Two lines connected here via the Gifu tram system:The Mino Electric Railway opened an 18 km 1,067 mm gauge line electrified at 600 V DC to Hon Ibi in 1928; the company merged with Meitetsu in 1930, the line closed in 2001. An 11 km 1,067 mm gauge branch from Kurono was opened by the Tanigumi Railway to its namesake town in 1926, electrified at 600 V DC; the company merged with Meitetsu in 1944, the line closed in 2001. The Nagara Light Railway opened a 5 km 1,067 mm gauge line to Takatomi in 1915, was acquired by the Mino Electric Railway in 1920, which electrified the line at 600 V DC, merging with Meitetsu in 1930; the line closed in 1960. List of railway lines in Japan This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipe