Cape Henry is a cape on the Atlantic shore of Virginia located in the northeast corner of Virginia Beach. It is the southern boundary of the entrance to the long estuary of the Chesapeake Bay. Across the mouth of the bay to the north is Cape Charles the opposite point of the Bay's gateway. Named for two sons of King James I of England in 1607, together Cape Henry and Cape Charles form the Virginia Capes. Cape Henry was named on April 26, 1607 in honor of Henry Frederick Stuart, the elder of two sons of King James I of England to survive to the age of 18 and heir-apparent to the throne of the Kingdom of England, by an expedition of the London Company branch of the proprietary Virginia Company headed by Captain Christopher Newport. After an unusually long voyage of 144 days from England, it was their first landfall, an event which has come to be called "The First Landing". Soon after this landing the English colonists erected a wooden cross and gave thanks for a successful crossing to a new land.
In the First Charter of Virginia, King James I devoted parcels of land for the purpose of spreading the Christian religion. The Charter reads in part: "We commending, graciously accepting of, their Desires for the Furtherance of so noble a Work, which may, by the Providence of Almighty God, hereafter tend to the Glory of his Divine Majesty, in propagating of Christian Religion to such People, as yet live in Darkness and miserable Ignorance..." Captain Newport, with his three ships, Susan Constant, the Godspeed, the Discovery, the group of 104 men and boys, subsequently explored inland and established Jamestown on an island for protection offshore from the north shore further upstream on the James River which became the first permanent English settlement in North America. The following year of 1608, Captain John Smith took a crew with a small boat outfitted with a sail and proceeded north up the Chesapeake Bay exploring and mapping its coasts and rivers and bays up to the named Susquehanna River which fed the Bay.
In 1781, the waters off of these Virginia Capes and the entrance to the Chesapeake and Hampton Roads harbor were the site of an important naval clash between warships of the Kingdom of France and the Kingdom of England near the end of the American Revolutionary War in the Battle of the Capes. The victory of the French Navy over the British Royal Navy cut off the King's Army troops of Lord Charles Cornwallis surrounded and under siege for a month at Yorktown, Virginia, a short distance up the Bay on the Western Shore's York River, they had been pursued after a series of clashes for several years in the Southern Theater in Georgia and the Carolinas by rebel patriot regular forces of soldiers under the command of Gen. Nathanael Greene and Daniel Morgan, along with irregular bands of guerilla partisans sniping and wearing down the Redcoats by attrition; as Cornwallis headed northward to the rich untouched colony of Virginia and hoping to be reinforced / resupplied or evacuated if necessary on the ragged shores of the Carolina coast or the Chesapeake where British seapower and naval dominance could be brought to bear.
The French fleet under Admiral deGrasse sent from the Caribbean Sea and West Indies islands with an unusual naval victory over the British taskforce who had sent a second fleet from occupied New York retreating back northward, supposed to reinforce and guard Cornwallis' seaward side. The British general was forced to surrender in October 1781 to a combined jointly commanded American-French Army with German states mercenary allies under Gen. George Washington, Gen. Marquis de Lafayette and French Army troops under Gen. Rochambeau who had deceived Gen. William Howe commander in New York where the Northern Theater had stalemated and sneaked out slipping and gaining several weeks march southward down the East Coast to surprise and catch Cornwallis' Redcoats camped at Yorktown in a siege. For the first time in the six year long rebellion, the insurgents had numerical superiority in numbers and artillery along with adequate cooperating seapower from the French allies; the little known sea Battle of the Capes a few miles off the American Virginia coast was the nail in the coffin to assure colonial independence as the War ended a year and a half with the Treaty of Paris in 1783.
The Cape Henry Memorial commemorates The First Landing of the settlers. Nearby, the historic Cape Henry Lighthouse was the first in the United States. Of historical interest, the passenger station built in 1902 and served by the original Norfolk Southern Railway was restored late in the 20th century and is used as an educational facility by Fort Story, an army base located at Cape Henry, established in 1914. First Landing State Park occupies and protects the rest of the cape itself, as well as some of the nearby area. Shore Drive, a locally well-known road, facilitates viewing of the rest of the shoreline in Cape Henry. NPS Cape Henry website Cape Henry Lighthouse info
Marine Corps Intelligence
Marine Corps Intelligence, is an element of the United States Intelligence Community. The Director of Intelligence supervises the Intelligence Department of HQMC and is responsible for policy, programming and staff supervision of Intelligence and supporting activities within the U. S. Marine Corps as well as supervising the Marine Corps Intelligence Activity; the Department supports the Commandant of the Marine Corps in his role as a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, represents the service in Joint and Intelligence Community matters, exercises supervision over the MCIA. The Department has Service Staff responsibility for Geospatial Intelligence, Advanced Geospatial Intelligence, Signals Intelligence, Human Intelligence, Counterintelligence, ensures there is a single synchronized strategy for the development of the Marine Corps Intelligence and Reconnaissance Enterprise; the MCIA, located at Hochmuth Hall, provides tailored intelligence and services to the Marine Corps, other services, the Intelligence Community based on expeditionary mission profiles in littoral areas.
It supports the development of service doctrine, force structure and education, acquisition. The Marine Corps Intelligence Activity, created in 1987, is a field activity headquarters of the United States Marine Corps, a member of both the Defense Intelligence Agency and the United States Intelligence Community; the MCIA describes itself as: "a vital part of military intelligence'corporate enterprise,' and functions in a collegial, effective manner with other service agencies and with the joint intelligence centers of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and Unified Commands." The Marine Corps Intelligence Activity mission is to provide intelligence services to the Marine Corps and the U. S. Intelligence Community; these services are based on expeditionary mission profiles in littoral areas. It supports the development of service doctrine, force structure and education, acquisition. MCIA determines what missions the Corps needs to carry out as well as who will need to be trained for that mission. MCIA is in partnership with Marine Corps Intelligence the Office of Naval Intelligence and Office of Coast Guard Intelligence in the National Maritime Intelligence-Integration Office and at Marine Corps Base Quantico in Quantico, Virginia.
The MCISR-E is a warfighting enterprise that supports decision-making through the provision of tailored intelligence, timely and predictive. The enterprise supports institutional decision-making through both the provision of relevant intelligence and the comprehensive integration of the intelligence warfighting function in operating concepts, structural decisions, material investments; the multi-domain, worldwide construct of the MCISR-E provides the crucial edge across the spectrum for both deployed and CONUS-based MAGTFs. What drives the MCISR-E is not the crisis of the moment but rather, the incorporation of a "24/7/365" predictive analysis process with the global reach of operational MAGTF Intelligence Centers backed by the Marine Corps Intelligence Activity and its connectivity to the Combat Support Agencies and National Intelligence Community. To ensure its viability, Marine Corps Intelligence will continue to remain vigilant over a complex, technically sophisticated threat environment and evolve by seizing technological opportunities to increase MCISR-E capabilities and capacities.
An intelligent workforce and civilian, anchors the MCISR-E with the skills, professional acumen, functional expertise that mark them as a world-class contributor to our Corps and IC missions. The Intelligence Department was established as on April 27, 2000 by General James L. Jones, USMC Commandant of the Marine Corps. A major reinvigoration of Marine Corps Intelligence occurred in 1994 called the "Van Riper Plan" after the Director of Intelligence at that time; the Intel Plan was announced in March 1995 via All Marine message 100/95. Major David A. Stafford, April 1939 – August 1940 Captain William B. Steiner, August 1940 – October 1940 Major Harold D. Harris, October 1940 – June 1942 Lieutenant Colonel John C. McQueen, June 1942 – September 1943 Major John W. Scott, Jr. September 1943 – January 1944 Lieutenant Colonel George J. Clark, January 1944 – September 1944 Lieutenant Colonel Edmond J. Buckley, September 44 – December 1944 Colonel James J. Keating, December 1944 – December 1945 Colonel Edmond J. Buckley, December 1945 – February 1946 Lieutenant Colonel Henry H. Crockett, February 1946 – April 1946 Colonel Walter S. Osipoff, April 1946 – March 1948 Colonel Albert Arsenault, March 1948 – June 1948 Colonel Floyd R. Moore, August 1951 – July 1954 Colonel Wilber J. McKenny, July 1954 – August 1955 Colonel Robert A. Black, September 1955 – August 1956 Colonel Robert E. Hommel, September 1956 – June 1957 Colonel Bankson T. Holcomb Jr.
July 1957 – September 1957 Brigadier General James M. Masters, Sr. September 1957 – August 1960 Colonel John F. Carey, August 1960 – June 1961 Major General Carl A. Youngdale, June 1961 – July 1962 Major General Robert E. Cushman, Jr. July 1962 – June 1964 Colonel Randolph Carter Berkeley, Jr. June 1964 – June 1965 Major General Michael P. Ryan, June 1965 – March 1966 Colonel Robert A. Mercant, Jr. March 1966 – August 1966 Major General William R. Collins, August 1966 – October 1966 Colonel Robert A. Merchant, Jr. October 1966 – June 1967 Colonel John S. Canton, July 1967 – August 1967 Major General Carl W. Hoffman, August 1967 – December 1967 Colonel John S. Canton, January 1968 – November 1968 Colonel Stone W. Quillian, November 1968 – September 1972 Colonel Lyle V. Tope, October 1972 – September 1973 Colonel William Went
Naval Medical Center Portsmouth
The Naval Medical Center Portsmouth Naval Hospital Portsmouth, Norfolk Naval Hospital, is a United States Navy medical center in Portsmouth, United States. It is the oldest continuously running hospital in the Navy medical system; the historic Portsmouth Naval Hospital building was designed by architect John Haviland and built in 1827. It is a three-story Freestone building on a 12-foot basement, its form is that of a hollow square, measuring 172 feet wide by 192 feet deep. The front facade features a 92 feet wide Doric order portico with 10 columns; the building's interior was reconstructed in 1907, a shallow dome was added to the roof. Located on the property are a contributing marker erected by Haviland over the grave of Major Saunders, one time commander of Forts Nelson and Norfolk, who died March 15, 1810; the hospital staff has a long tradition of providing service to the fleet. In the summer of 1832 during a massive cholera outbreak naval doctors and attendants remained on duty caring for patients throughout the epidemic and worked heroically to check the ravages of the disease and allayed people’s fears.
Official website Portsmouth Naval Hospital, Bounded by Elizabeth River, Crawford Street, Portsmouth General Hospital, Parkview Avenue, & Scotts Creek, Portsmouth, VA at the Historic American Buildings Survey Portsmouth Naval Hospital, Hospital Building, Rixey Place, bounded by Williamson Drive, Holcomb Road, & The Circle, Portsmouth, VA at HABS Portsmouth Naval Hospital, Medical Ward A, The Circle, Portsmouth, VA at HABS Portsmouth Naval Hospital, Medical Ward B, North corner, intersection of The Circle & Barton Avenue, Portsmouth, VA at HABS Portsmouth Naval Hospital, Medical Ward C, East corner, intersection of The Circle & Barton Avenue, Portsmouth, VA at HABS Portsmouth Naval Hospital, Medical Officer's Quarters B, West side Williamson Drive, 500 feet South of Rixey Place, Portsmouth, VA at HABS Portsmouth Naval Hospital, Medical Officer's Quarters C, West side Williamson Drive, 400 feet South of Rixey Drive, Portsmouth, VA at HABS Portsmouth Naval Hospital, Junior Officers' Quarters D, Williamson Drive, Portsmouth, VA at HABS Portsmouth Naval Hospital, Junior Officers' Quarters E, Williamson Drive, Portsmouth, VA at HABS Portsmouth Naval Hospital, Pharmacist's Quarters F, Williamson Drive, Portsmouth, VA at HABS Portsmouth Naval Hospital, Pharmacist's Quarters G, Williamson Drive, Portsmouth, VA at HABS Portsmouth Naval Hospital, Pharmacist's Quarters H, Williamson Drive, Portsmouth, VA at HABS Portsmouth Naval Hospital, Central Power House, West corner, intersection of The Circle & Barton Avenue, Portsmouth, VA at HABS Portsmouth Naval Hospital, Medical Storage Building, South corner of The Circle & Barton Avenue, Portsmouth, VA at HABS Portsmouth Naval Hospital, Recreation Building, Green Street, Portsmouth, VA at HABS Portsmouth Naval Hospital, Shower Room & Swimming Pool, Green Street, Portsmouth, VA at HABS Portsmouth Naval Hospital, Service Building, Between Williamson Drive & Green Street, adjacent to northern driveway behind Medical Officer's Quarters C, Portsmouth, VA at HABS Portsmouth Naval Hospital, Carpenter & Paint Shop, Green Street, Portsmouth, VA at HABS Portsmouth Naval Hospital, Gardener's Tool Shed, Between Williamson Drive & Green Street, adjacent to northern driveway behind Medical Officer's Quarters C, Portsmouth, VA at HABS
Norfolk Naval Shipyard
The Norfolk Naval Shipyard called the Norfolk Navy Yard and abbreviated as NNSY, is a U. S. Navy facility in Portsmouth, for building and repairing the Navy's ships, it is the oldest and largest industrial facility that belongs to the U. S. Navy as well as the most multifaceted. Located on the Elizabeth River, the yard is just a short distance upriver from its mouth at Hampton Roads, it was established as Gosport Shipyard in 1767. Destroyed during the American Revolutionary War, it was rebuilt and became home to the first operational drydock in the United States in the 1820s. Changing hands during the American Civil War, it served the Confederate States Navy until it was again destroyed in 1862, when it was given its current name; the shipyard was again rebuilt, has continued operation through the present day. The Gosport Shipyard was founded on November 1, 1767 by Andrew Sprowle on the western shore of the Elizabeth River in Norfolk County in the Virginia Colony; this shipyard became a prosperous merchant facility for the British Crown.
In 1775, at the beginning of the American Revolution, Sprowle stayed loyal to the Crown and fled Virginia, which confiscated all of his properties, including the shipyard. In 1779, while the newly formed Commonwealth of Virginia was operating the shipyard, it was burned by British troops. In 1794, United States Congress passed "An Act to Provide a Naval Armament," allowing the Federal Government to lease the Gosport Shipyard from Virginia. In 1799 the keel of USS Chesapeake, one of the first six frigates authorized by Congress, was laid, making her the first ship built in Gosport for the U. S. Navy; the federal government purchased the shipyard from Virginia in 1801 for $12,000. This tract of land measured 16 acres and now makes up the northeastern corner of the current shipyard. In 1827, construction began on the first of what would be the first two dry docks in the United States; the first one was completed three weeks ahead of similar projects in both Boston and South America, making it the first functional dry dock in the Americas.
Dry Dock One, as it is referred to today, is still operational and is listed as historical landmark in Portsmouth, Virginia. Officer's Quarters A, B, C were built about 1837. Additional land on the eastern side of the Elizabeth River was purchased in 1845; the shipyard and neighboring towns suffered from a severe yellow fever epidemic in 1855, which killed about a quarter of the population, including James Chisholm, whose account was published shortly after his death in the epidemic. Slave labor was extensively utilized in the Norfolk Navy Yard from its foundation until the Civil War; some idea of the human scale can be found in this exert from a letter of Commodore Lewis Warrington dated 12 October 1831 to the Board of Navy Commissioners. Warrington's letter to the BNC, was in response to various petitions by white workers, his letter attempts both to reassure the BNC in light of the recent Nat Turner Rebellion which occurred on 22 August 1831 and to serve as a reply to the Dry Dock's stonemasons who had quit their positions and accused the project chief engineer, Loammi Baldwin, of the unfair hiring of enslaved labor in their stead.
"There are about two hundred and forty six blacks employed in the Dock altogether. On 21 June 1839 Commodore Warrington endorsed a petition signed by 34 slaveholders pleading with the Secretary of the Navy continue it. Warrington noted, he added. George Teamoh]] as a young enslaved laborer and ship caulker worked at Norfolk Navy Yard in the 1830s and 1840s wrote of this unrequited labor"; the government had patronized, given encouragement to slavery to a greater extent than the great majority of the country has been aware. It had in its service hundreds if not thousands of slaves employed on government works." As late "as 1848 one third of the 300 workers at the Gosport navy yard were hired slaves." In 1861, Virginia joined the Confederate States of America. Fearing that the Confederacy would take control of the facility, the shipyard commander Charles Stewart McCauley ordered the burning of the shipyard; the Confederate forces did in fact take over the shipyard, did so without armed conflict through an elaborate ruse orchestrated by civilian railroad builder William Mahone.
He bluffed the Federal troops into abandoning the shipyard in Portsmouth by running a single passenger train into Norfolk with great noise and whistle-blowing much more sending it back west, returning the same train again, creating the illusion of large numbers of arriving troops to the Federals listening in Portsmouth across the Elizabeth River
The UGM-27 Polaris missile was a two-stage solid-fueled nuclear-armed submarine-launched ballistic missile. The United States Navy's first SLBM, it served from 1961 to 1996; the Polaris project was created to replace the solid-fueled Jupiter S project, approved in 1956 to replace the liquid-fueled SM-78 and PGM-19 Jupiter missiles. In December 1956, the United States Navy awarded Polaris development contracts to Lockheed Corporation and Aerojet Rocketdyne; the Polaris missile was designed to be used for second strike countervalue as part of the Navy's contribution to the United States arsenal of nuclear weapons, replacing the Regulus cruise missile. Known as a Fleet Ballistic Missile, the Polaris was first launched from the Cape Canaveral, missile test base on January 7, 1960. Following the Polaris Sales Agreement in 1963, Polaris missiles were carried on British Royal Navy submarines between 1968 and the mid-1990s. Plans to equip the Italian Navy with the missile ended in the mid-60s, after several successful test launches carried out onboard the Italian cruiser Giuseppe Garibaldi.
Despite the successful launching tests, the plan was abandoned due to the completion of initial SSBN vessels. Nonetheless, the Italian government set out to develop an indigenous missile called Alfa; the program was successful, but was halted by Italy's ratification of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and the failure of the NATO Multilateral Force. The Polaris missile was replaced on 31 of the 41 original SSBNs in the U. S. Navy by the MIRV-capable Poseidon missile beginning in 1972. During the 1980s, these missiles were replaced on 12 of these submarines by the Trident I missile; the 10 George Washington- and Ethan Allen-class SSBNs retained Polaris A-3 until 1980 because their missile tubes were not large enough to accommodate Poseidon. With USS Ohio beginning sea trials in 1980, these submarines were disarmed and redesignated as attack submarines to avoid exceeding the SALT II strategic arms treaty limits; the Polaris missile program's complexity led to the development of new project management techniques, including the Program Evaluation and Review Technique to replace the simpler Gantt chart methodology.
At the start of the Second World War, nearly every major world military force, involved in the war had at least developed rough ideas of a rocket program. It is important to note that at this time the distinction between rockets and missiles was this: rockets traveled over a fixed trajectory and missiles could be guided to their destination. Rockets of all shapes and sizes were being implemented in battlefields around the globe; the Soviet Union deployed rockets such as the Katyusha, which were fired from a mobile launcher in waves of up to nearly 50 small, unguided rockets, the Japanese were implementing rockets that would be used on the front lines. Rockets such as the Katyusha could fire at targets within three miles, while the first Japanese rockets were only valuable for targets less than five-hundred feet away; the initial version of the Japanese kamikaze planes were powered by rockets. These wooden suicide planes did not provide the Japanese forces with a reliable weapon, by 1945 the kamikaze gliders were being used in combat, no matter how ineffective they may have been.
British forces, had begun developments on anti-aircraft rockets of their own, which proved effective as early as 1941. Soon after the attacks on Pearl Harbor, the United States joined arms in the race for rockets borrowing much of its initial products from the British armed forces; the United States rocket program began testing both rockets and missiles, by 1945, the Army was investing $150 million a year, while the Navy was spending $1.2 billion. Despite these efforts from the major contributing forces in the war, German scientists excelled at mastering the largest and most advanced weapons. One of which, the German V-2 rocket, would become the blueprint for all of the serious global missile programs to come; as the United States Army continued to make steady advancements in its rocket and missile programs it became apparent that if the program wished to keep up with its own rapid growth, as well as with the rest of the world, it would need more space than what was available. On October 28, 1949, Alabama, was chosen based on its promising location and easy access to resources to be the new home to the American program.
By the end of 1950, the Redstone Arsenal was operational and took on the new designation as the Ordnance Guided Missile Center. The Polaris missile replaced an earlier plan to create a submarine-based missile force based on a derivative of the U. S. Army Jupiter Intermediate-range ballistic missile. Chief of Naval Operations Admiral Arleigh Burke appointed Rear Admiral W. F. "Red" Raborn as head of a Special Project Office to develop Jupiter for the Navy in late 1955. The Jupiter missile's large diameter was a product of the need to keep the length short enough to fit in a reasonably-sized submarine. At the seminal Project Nobska conference in 1956, with Admiral Burke present, nuclear physicist Edward Teller stated that a physically small one-megaton warhead could be produced for Polaris within a few years, this prompted Burke to leave the Jupiter program and concentrate on Polaris in December of that year. Polaris was spearheaded by the Special Project Office's Missile Branch under Rear Admiral Roderick Osgood Middleton, is still under the Special Project Office.
Admiral Burke was instrumental in determining the size of the Polaris submarine force, suggesting that 40-45 submarines with 16 missiles each would be sufficient. The number of Polaris submarines was fixed
Cheatham Annex is a Naval Base, located near Williamsburg, Virginia on the York River 35 miles northwest of Norfolk in the heart of the famous Jamestown–Williamsburg–Yorktown "Historic Triangle." Although Cheatham Annex was not commissioned until June 1943, the land on which the base is located can claim the unique distinction of having been associated with every conflict involving the United States freedom and independence. The mission of Cheatham Annex includes supplying Atlantic Fleet ships and providing recreational opportunities to military and civilian personnel. Cheatham Annex facility is located outside of Williamsburg in Virginia; the annex is adjacent to the York River, between Queen Creek and King Creek 15 miles upstream from the Chesapeake Bay. Located in York County, Virginia at latitude 37.284 and longitude -76.591. or Latitude: 37°17’2”N Longitude: 76°35’25”W. The average elevation is 26 feet. 5” The eastern section of Cheatham Annex is a 1,579 acre federal facility bounded by the entrance of Queen Creek into the York River to the north, the York River to the east, ane King Creek to the south, the western boundaries are with Department of Interior property.
The former Virginia Fuel Farm is across the Colonial Parkway, southwest of this section of the annex. This former part of Cheatham Annex, 262 acres of contamintated soil, is being turned into a golf course; the western section of Cheatham Annex is bounded to the north by the Colonial Parkway, half of the eastern boundary is adjacent to the Virginia Fuel Farm. The remaining western and lower eastern boundary is adjacent to non-federal government land. There are several ponds on, or adjacent to the annex, including Penniman Lake, Youth Pond, Jones Pond, Cheatham Pond. Overland drainage from the sources at the annex may flow into these ponds or the York River Positioned in the center of the Jamestown–Williamsburg–Yorktown "Historic Triangle," CAX was once the location of a native Indian village. Old maps and artifacts indicate an Indian village existed in the area of Penniman Spit, located on base. Historians believe that a Spanish Jesuit Mission occupied the area and was annihilated in an Indian massacre in 1572.
Beginning in the 1700s colonial settlers displaced the Indians. The initial settlement of Virginia was the task of the Virginia Company, a private English corporation. From the founding of Jamestown in 1607 to dissolution of the company in 1624, colonization activity was confined to the James River, everyone in the Colony lived on the banks of this one river. A census taken when the crown assumed administration of the fledgling Colony lists a total of 1,232 individuals alive in Virginia in January 1625. Included among the 1,232 were Ensign John Utie, his wife Anne, their son John, three servants living on a plantation of 100 acres called Utopia, on the James River below Jamestown. In 1630, the Governor decided to settle the lands along the lower York River, Captain John Utie was awarded 600 acres on the south side of the river. Captain Utie named his new plantation Utiemaria and lived there until November 1638, by which time he died, his son John Utie acquired Utiemaria and possessed it until it was sold to Col William Tayloe in 1640.
Col William Tayloe's widow, Elizabeth Kingsmill, married Colonel Nathaniel Bacon and they used King's Creek as their residence although the deed was held by William Tayloe, though they owned other property. This Colonel Bacon, who rose to the president of the Council of the State, was first cousin once removed of Nathaniel Bacon, Jr. who led Bacon's Rebellion. Another resident of King's Creek was Abigail Smith. Sometime before 1675, Abigail Smith married a prosperous planter. On Nov 23, 1693 Col. William Tayloe of Richmond Co. VA, nephew and heir of Maj. William Tayloe, late of King's Creek in York Co. deceased, deeds to Lewis Burwell, 1200 acres between King's Creek and Queen's Creek on York River the property of Col. William Tayloe, the elder. At a cemetery onsite, there is a 1718 grave of this 29-year-old son of Major; the brick-walled cemetery sits adjacent to a tee on the golf course. James Burwell was one of the justices for York County and a burgess from 1715 to 1718. On Lewis Burwell's death in 1710.
King's Creek Plantation passed to his son James Burwell. In the 1780s Cornwallis' British troops and General Washington's Continental Army used a site on what is now Cheatham. Owners of King's Creek Plantation: Captain John Utie 1630-1638 John Utie 1638-1640 Col William Tayloe, Mrs Elizabeth Tayloe, Col Nathaniel Bacon 1640-1692 Mrs Abigail Burwell mar1692-oct1692 Lewis Burwell,Jr. Oct1692-sep1696 lewis Burwell sep1696--dec1710 james Burwell dec1710-oct1718 Nathaniel Bacon Burwell oct1718-may1746 James Burwell may1746-sep1775 Nathaniel Burwell sep1775-apr1790 John Tayloe Corbin apr1790-1794 Gawin Lane Corbin 1794-1821 Dr Richard Randolph Corbin 1821-183? 183*-before 1914 Dupont Family before 1914-1914 U. S. Government about 1914-1917 U. S. Navy after 1917 In April 1862 all of Yorktown, including this site, was caught under a thirty-day siege which included the largest concentration of artillery in one place at one time in history; this was during the Seven Days Battles or more referred to as the Peninsula Campaign.
This was the unsuccessful attempt by McClellan to capture the Confederate capital of Richmond and end the war. The area land was used for farming until World War I when the E. I. Dupont Company built shell-loading plant; the Dupont plant loaded explosives into large-caliber shell. Founded during the early 1900s the town was named Penniman, in honor of Russel
Fort Belvoir is a United States Army installation and a census-designated place in Fairfax County, United States. It was developed on the site of the former Belvoir plantation, seat of the prominent Fairfax family for whom Fairfax County was named. Today, Fort Belvoir is home to a number of important United States military organizations. With nearly twice as many workers as The Pentagon, Belvoir is the largest employer in Fairfax County. Fort Belvoir comprises three geographically distinct properties: the main base, Davison Army Airfield, the Fort Belvoir North Area; the post was founded during World War I as Camp A. A. Humphreys, named for Union Civil War general Andrew A. Humphreys, Chief of Engineers; the post was renamed as Fort Belvoir in the 1930s in recognition of the Belvoir plantation that once occupied the site. The adjacent United States Army Corps of Engineers Humphreys Engineer Center retains part of the original name. Fort Belvoir was the home of the Army Engineer School. Beginning in 1987, the Engineer School relocated to Fort Leonard Wood, in Missouri, was formally transferred the following year.
As a result of the 2005 Base Realignment and Closure Commission, a substantial number of personnel were transferred to Fort Belvoir, others were civilians employed there. All major Washington, DC-area National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency facilities, including those in Bethesda, MD; the cost of the new center was $2.4 billion. Fort Belvoir serves as the headquarters for the Defense Logistics Agency, the Defense Acquisition University, the Defense Contract Audit Agency, the Defense Technical Information Center, the United States Army Intelligence and Security Command, the United States Army Military Intelligence Readiness Command, the Missile Defense Agency, the Defense Threat Reduction Agency, the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. Fort Belvoir is home to the Virginia National Guard's 29th Infantry Division and elements of ten Army Major Commands. Located here are the 249th Engineer Battalion, the Military District of Washington's 12th Aviation Battalion which provides rotary-wing movement to the DoD and Congress, a Marine Corps detachment, a United States Air Force activity, United States Army Audit Agency, an agency from the Department of the Treasury.
In addition, Fort Belvoir is home to National Reconnaissance Office's Aerospace Data Facility-East. The Fort Belvoir site was the home of William Fairfax, the cousin and land agent of Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron the proprietor of the Northern Neck, which once stood on land now on the base. William Fairfax purchased the property in 1738 when his cousin arranged for him to be appointed customs agent for the Potomac River, William erected an elegant brick mansion overlooking the river, moving in with his family in 1740. Lord Fairfax came to America in 1747 and stayed less than a year at the Belvoir estate before moving to Greenway Court; the Fairfax family lived at Belvoir for over 30 years, but eldest son George William Fairfax sailed to England on business in 1773, never to return. The manor home was destroyed by fire in 1783; the ruins of the Belvoir Mansion and the nearby Fairfax family grave site are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The Army Historical Foundation announced in March 2017 that construction will soon begin on the National Museum of the United States Army on Fort Belvoir.
The museum, set on 84 acres, will tell the story of the army since 1775. The 185,000 square-foot museum will feature historical galleries, an "interactive Experiential Learning Center" and the Army Theater. There will be outdoor venues including a Memorial Garden, Parade Ground, Army Trail, it is expected to open in late 2019. Fort Belvoir is a census-designated place, consisting of the South Post and North Post and excluding Davison Army Airfield, the North Area, the Southwest Area. Neighboring CDPs are Mount Vernon to the east and Groveton to the northeast and Kingstowne to the north, Franconia and Newington to the northwest; as of the census of 2010, there were 7,100 people, 1,777 households, 1,700 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 809.9 people per square mile. There were 2,018 housing units at an average density of 230.2/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 64.9% White, 21.7% African American, 0.6% Native American, 2.5% Asian, 0.5% Pacific Islander, 2.5% some other race, 7.3% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.2% of the population. There were 1,777 households, out of which 80.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 82.2% were headed by married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% were non-families. 4.1% of all households were made up of individuals, 0.1% were someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.80, the average family size was 3.90. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 44.7% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 38.0% from 25 to 44, 7.6% from 45 to 64, 0.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.8 males. For the period 2010 through 2014, the estimated median annual income for a household in the CDP was $73,942