Van Halen III
Van Halen III is the eleventh studio album by American rock band Van Halen, released on March 17, 1998 by Warner Bros. Records. Produced by Mike Post and Eddie Van Halen, it is the band's only studio album to feature Extreme lead vocalist Gary Cherone, the last to feature bassist Michael Anthony before he was replaced in the band by Eddie's son Wolfgang in 2006. Work on a follow-up album with Cherone never advanced past a few demos. Van Halen III was the band's last album for fourteen years, their final album of the 20th century, it was the final album the band released on Warner Bros. When they returned in 2012 with A Different Kind of Truth, it was with Interscope Records, it is their longest studio album to date, clocking in at over 65 minutes. The album's title refers to Van Halen's third recorded line-up, to the band's first two album titles, Van Halen and Van Halen II. None of its material is featured on The Best of Both Worlds, the band's 2004 hits compilation; as a producer, Eddie brought his friend Mike Post.
The album's final song, "How Many Say I", was an unusual acoustic piano ballad featuring Eddie on lead vocals and Cherone on backing vocals. Eddie declared he was forced into singing, added harmonies so he would not perform alone. Van Halen III is known for its minimal use of Michael Anthony on bass guitar. Anthony only played bass on "Without You", "One I Want" & "Fire In The Hole". Eddie Van Halen recorded bass for the rest of the album. After Michael Anthony's departure from Van Halen, he confirmed that Eddie Van Halen dictated to him how to play bass on this record, he said by the time of making this album, Eddie was playing the bass more as well as drums. "I don't know if Eddie was making a solo record, what Van Halen III seemed like to me." A song entitled "That's Why I Love You" was dropped at the last minute in favor of "Josephina". "Fire in the Hole" was added to the Lethal Weapon 4 film soundtrack. "I would have preferred to tour with them and put out a record," Cherone told KNAC. "It would have been a better idea to establish myself first and hit the studio with the band… There were some great ideas and some little gems but it was not a great record.
I had fun but at times it was like being a stranger in a strange land."The album cover is a still picture from stock footage of Frank "Cannonball" Richards, a vaudeville and sideshow performer known for his act of getting shot in the gut with a cannonball. Van Halen III debuted at the Billboard 200 with 191,000 copies sold; the album's only significant radio hit was "Without You", which reached #1 on the Mainstream Rock Tracks chart on the March 7, 1998 issue of Billboard, remained there for six weeks. Other songs receiving airplay on rock radio were "Fire in the Hole" and "One I Want". Reception for Van Halen III was mixed to negative. Stephen Thomas Erlewine from AllMusic stated the album, "suffers from the same problems as Hagar-era Van Halen – limp riffs, weak melodies, plodding, colorless rhythms." Entertainment Weekly gave it a B grade rating, saying, "judging from the renewed intensity of Eddie’s guitar playing throughout much of III, having a competent ego-free singer seems to have reinvigorated his muse" but goes on to say "How Many Say I", a song Eddie sang lead vocals on was, "cringeworthy" and "unintentionally hilarious".
Greg Kot from Rolling Stone gave it 2 stars out of 5 noting, "Cherone sounds disconcertingly like Hagar, full of spleen-busting bluster and incapable of understatement", "When the band plays it heavy, it mires itself in a Seventies tar pit, with only the chorus of "Without You" achieving any sort of pop resonance." Kot compliments Eddie's vocals saying, "'How Many Say I' finds the guitarist singing in a disarmingly appealing, nicotine-stained voice over a moody piano melody." Billboard reviewer Paul Verna summed up III as "a wasted opportunity to breathe life into a now-tired formula". All songs credited to Michael Anthony, Gary Cherone and Alex Van Halen. Michael Anthony – bass, backing vocals Gary Cherone – lead vocals Alex Van Halen – drums, percussion Eddie Van Halen – guitar, keyboards, backing vocals, lead vocals Mike Post – piano on "Neworld" Florian Ammon – programming Dan Chavkin – photography Ian Dye – programming The Edward – mixing, mastering Erwin Musper – engineers Mike Post – producer Robbes – mixing, mastering Ed Rogers – programming F. Scott Schafer – coloring Eddy Schreyer – mastering Stine Schyberg – art direction Eddie Van Halen – producer, engineer Paul Wight – programming Billboard Billboard
Me Wise Magic
"Me Wise Magic" is a song by Van Halen that appears on the rock band's 1996 compilation album Best Of – Volume I and became the band's 13th No. 1 Billboard Mainstream Rock Track, maintaining the No. 1 position for 6 weeks during the autumn of 1996. It was the first of two anticipated tracks recorded by the band with its original lead vocalist and songwriter, David Lee Roth. After Warner Bros. Records notified David Lee Roth that a Van Halen greatest hits album was coming, Roth contacted Eddie Van Halen asking for more details; the singer and the guitarist got in touch again, two weeks Eddie, realizing "Humans Being" was the only new track on the compilation, asked Roth if he would record two new songs. Eddie first wrote a song for Roth "that he didn't care for." When checking all the new songs along with Eddie and producer Glen Ballard, Roth narrowed down to a shuffle, "Can't Get This Stuff No More," and a pop song, "Me Wise Magic". Roth was at first bothered by the darker introduction, but came to like the song.
Eddie's nickname for the demo was "The Three Faces of Shamus," for its three sections with "completely different vibes going on. Roth discarded Ballard's sketch lyrics and wrote his own, denied the suggestion to get help from songwriter Desmond Child. In June 1996, Roth arrived at 5150 Studios with Eddie without the guitarist warning band members Michael Anthony and Alex Van Halen about the singer's return. Eddie Van Halen's guitar playing on the song features a whammy bar that raises and lowers chords while still keeping them in tune; this effect was achieved by recording with a modified Peavey Wolfgang signature model, featuring a TransTrem tremolo system. The lyrics to "Me Wise Magic," written by David Lee Roth, were based on an initial set of lyrics by the song's producer Glen Ballard, which Roth insisted on rewriting to suit his own unique style. Written in first-person, "Me Wise Magic" presents a series of questions and statements about self-awareness, religious belief and superstitions - alternating between the points of view of God and a human being.
A promo CD of "Me Wise Magic" was distributed to radio stations prior to the release of Van Halen's Best of Volume I. Its artwork features a stylized image of Buddha, reflecting the song's lyrics "Me Wise Magic" became an instant radio hit - Van Halen's third #1 hit with Roth - and twelfth of a record-setting 14 Billboard #1s during the 1980s and 1990s. Reviews were positive; the return of Roth to Van Halen made media headlines, with MTV going as far as to play a celebratory "welcome back" commercial for the charismatic Roth. Weeks after an appearance at the 1996 MTV Video Music Awards caused a public and media sensation, Van Halen parted ways - for a second time, acrimoniously - with Roth. A planned video for "Me Wise Magic" was never filmed; the first proposal, of a concept video with a Voodoo theme, was discarded by Roth, who rejected a performance video where he would be in a big screen behind the three other members. However, in lieu of a video, MTV created a montage of Van Halen and Roth clips set to the song, which they ran with a Van Halen TV special.
Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Cynic is an American band whose work has incorporated elements of progressive rock, alternative rock, extreme metal. Founded in Miami, Florida. Founding members Paul Masvidal and Sean Reinert publicly revealed their homosexuality in May 2014, a move, broadly supported by the heavy metal community, their first album, released on September 14, 1993, is regarded as a landmark release of the progressive metal genre. Cynic disbanded in 1994, but reunited in 2006, released their second album on November 17, 2008. Traced in Air was released through French label Season of Mist, followed up by an EP titled Re-Traced on May 18, 2010 and an EP titled Carbon-Based Anatomy on November 11, 2011, their third studio album, Kindly Bent to Free Us, was released on February 14, 2014. In December 2017, after two years of an uncertain future, Reinert confirmed his split from Cynic, leaving Masvidal as the only remaining original member left. Cynic was formed by guitarist Paul Masvidal and drummer Sean Reinert in 1987.
In 1988, the band made their first recording called the'88 Demo. After the demo, Paul Masvidal took over vocal duties; the band added a second guitarist, Jason Gobel. Another demo followed in titled Reflections of a Dying World. 1989 brought the addition of bassist Tony Choy. In 1990, the group went to the studio to record their third demo, plainly titled'90 Demo. In 1991, Cynic signed with Roadrunner Records and recorded their fourth and final demo, known as Demo 1991; the recording of Cynic's full-length debut album Focus did not begin after the band signed a new contract with Roadrunner Records. Paul Masvidal and Sean Reinert had played on Death's 1991 album Human and were obligated to take part in the supporting tour of Europe. During this tour, Death ran into serious financial trouble, which resulted in Masvidal and Reinert's gear being confiscated for six months by a UK promoter. During this time, the band parted with bassist Tony Choy. Choy was replaced by Sean Malone; the band planned to record Focus in August 1992, but the day they were to begin recording, Hurricane Andrew struck Florida and destroyed both Gobel's home and the band's rehearsal space, leading to months of delay.
The band used this time as an opportunity to write new material, much of, featured on Focus. Tony Teegarden was brought in to do the "aggressive vocals", but all the vocoder vocals were recorded by Masvidal. Focus was released internationally September 14, 1993. Cynic toured extensively worldwide throughout 1993-94, including the Dynamo Open Air Festival in May 1994. Asked in a 2012 interview on Prog-Sphere.com about Focus material, Masvidal says: Sometimes you just burn out on material and we have toured Focus quite a bit. It does have a history and it had an impact as an album, but at some point you do have to move on. With another album under our belts we’ll have enough material to give people a whole body of new material to focus on instead of the past, but I enjoy Focus and to me it does seem like a record that represented something for us, honest. And I think. Musical and personal differences halted work on a second studio album, as the group disbanded, with most of its members turning to side projects.
Gobel and Reinert, with bassist Chris Kringel and vocalist/keyboardist Aruna Abrams, formed the short-lived Portal. Masvidal and Reinert released an album with a more recent project, the indie act Æon Spoke, on SPV Records and Kringel played with them, touring the UK in 2005; the members of Cynic loosely reunited on Emergent. In September 2006, Paul Masvidal announced that Cynic was reuniting to perform during spring/summer of 2007. During June/July/August 2007, they played 15 shows across Europe, predominantly at major metal/rock festivals; the setlist consisted of songs from Focus, Portal's demo, a cover of Mahavishnu Orchestra's "Meeting of the Spirits," and a new song, "Evolutionary Sleeper." The reunion line-up featured founding members Masvidal on Reinert on drums. Gobel, the longtime guitarist who played on Focus, could not participate due to family and work commitments, David "Mavis" Senescu was brought aboard as a replacement. Malone, who played bass on Focus, was unavailable due to teaching and work commitments, Chris Kringel, who played bass on the 1993 European tour, was brought in as a replacement.
All death growls were handled by pre-recordings of Teegarden. All keyboards were covered by Senescu using guitar synths. In early 2008, the band announced plans to complete a second studio album. Malone rejoined the lineup and Dutch guitarist Tymon Kruidenier of Exivious was added, the latter contributing death growls. Traced in Air was released internationally November 17, 2008 on Season of Mist, followed by Robin Zielhorst being added as touring bassist; the band played at the Wacken Open Air festival. The Traced in Air tour cycle began in Autumn 2008 with direct support slots for Opeth on their European tour. Starting in February 2009, Cynic toured North America with Meshuggah and The Faceless, beginning April 15, 2009 Cynic toured North America in support of DragonForce. During the 2010 tour in support of Between the Buried and Me, along with Scale the Summit and the Devin Townsend Project, the band performed live "an experiment" titled "Wheels Within Wheels." Shortly after unveiling this new work, the band announced a new EP coming soon on their MySpace blog.
Masvidal revealed in an interview the plans for the coming EP:'Re-Traced' is an experiment for us — an opportunity to turn f
Steinberger is a series of distinctive electric guitars and bass guitars and manufactured by Ned Steinberger. The name "Steinberger" can be used to refer to either the instruments themselves or the company that produced them. Although the name has been applied to a variety of instruments, it is associated with a minimalist "headless" design of electric basses and guitars; the best-known Steinberger design is the L-series instrument, sometimes described as shaped like a broom, boat oar, or cricket bat. Produced as an electric bass and as a guitar, the instrument was made of the Steinberger Blend, a "proprietary" graphite and carbon-fiber mix in two pieces: the main body and a faceplate; the headstock was eliminated, the tuning hardware instead installed on a tailpiece mounted to the face of the guitar body. The tuners utilized a finer than normal 18:1 gear ratio, with 40 threads per inch, which gave slower but more precise adjustment and helped reduce string slippage. Depending on the tailpiece, calibrated or uncalibrated double-ball end strings were used, with the former required in order to use the transposing feature of the TransTrem vibrato unit.
The rationale for the overall design was the elimination of unnecessary weight the unbalanced headstock, the use of modern materials, such as graphite, for their advantages over wood. The all-synthetic construction gave a smooth sound and feel, immediate note attack, even tonal response. Depending upon the preferences of the listener, this was either a good thing, as it made the instrument sonically clean, or a bad thing, as it made the instrument sound synthetic and unnatural. Steinberger was and still is proud of this dichotomy and one of their slogans was "We don't make'em like they used to." Another innovation created by Ned Steinberger for some of these instruments was the TransTrem, a patented transposing vibrato assembly that proportionally adjusted the string tensions to enable immediate accurate retuning of the instrument with the transposing vibrato lever. The TransTrem provided the functionality of a capo in addition to vibrato effects. Bass and guitar versions were available. Designs included: P-series guitars and basses featured a smaller wooden body with bolt-on composite neck.
The body was shaped more like an mini-A than the rectangular L series body. S-series which featured the only Steinberger with a headstock. Rare with about 300-350 built; the guitar featured. M-series guitars and basses, designed by English luthier Roger Giffin; these had a twin-cutaway wooden body and a bolt-on graphite neck, resulting in a more traditional look, yet still with the headless tuning system and optional TransTrem. K-series guitars designed by American luthier Steve Klein; these featured an ergonomically designed body of non-standard shape again married to a headless graphite neck. A similar version is still made by luthier Lorenzo German, an employee of Klein who owns and runs Klein Electric Guitars. Q-series basses featured a bolt-on graphite neck; the body style was more modern than the M series. Introduced in 1990 the body underwent a significant revision in the mid'90s but kept the same moniker. Synapse guitars and basses are the latest instruments manufactured by Gibson under the Steinberger name, are in current production.
While they appear to resemble the original Steinberger line, none of the Synapse guitars feature the original Steinberger parts or dimensions, are noted as inferior, cheaper versions of the original "Newburgh" Steinbergers. As well as a regular guitar model, the Synapse line includes baritone guitars with a built-in Transcale capo that can be rolled up the frets. Several companies licensed the headless technology from Steinberger and produced numerous all-wood clones or similar instruments. Hohner, for example, produced licensed all-wood L-series copies and Cort produced headless guitars with different body designs. Current official all-wood instruments are sold under the Spirit by Steinberger brand; the Spirit comes in the Deluxe and Standard. The Deluxe features bridge and neck humbucker pickups with a single coil in the middle position and the Standard features a bridge humbucker and two single coils at the middle and neck position; this is the only difference between the two models. The first Steinberger basses were produced in 1979 in Brooklyn, New York by Ned Steinberger alone.
A company, Steinberger Sound, was duly set up to manufacture the basses and the guitars on a larger scale at Newburgh, New York. Gibson still retains rights over the "Steinberger" name, precluding Ned Steinberger from calling his new instruments "Steinbergers". Ned Steinberger has operated a company called "NS Design" since 1990 and produces electric violin family instruments: double basses, viola, violin. All of these instruments have a number of interesting innovations in materials and design. An NS Bass Guitar was added to the production line. With changing musical fashions and the complex manufacturing and inordinately high prices putting off buyers and producer alike, Gibson stopped selling Steinberger guitars in the mid-1990s. Enthusiasm for the instruments has now revived to a sufficient extent that they are again being produced and sold, although the newer versions share few commonalities with the original "Newburgh" designs; the latest Gibson/Steinberger line, known collectively as the Synapse line, are
White Lion was a Danish/American rock band, formed in New York City in 1983 by Danish vocalist/rhythm guitarist Mike Tramp and American lead guitarist Vito Bratta. Active in the 1980s and early 1990s, releasing their debut album Fight to Survive in 1985; the band achieved success with their No. 8 hit "Wait" and No. 3 hit "When the Children Cry" from their second album, the double platinum selling Pride. The band continued their success with their third album, Big Game which achieved Gold status and their fourth album Mane Attraction which included a supporting tour. White Lion disbanded in 1992 and not long after their first compilation album, The Best of White Lion was released. Mike Tramp reformed White Lion with all new musicians in 1999 and again following a failed attempt to reform the original line up and several legal issues in 2004; the new White Lion released a live album in 2005 and a brand new studio album Return of the Pride in 2008. After moving from Denmark to Spain and New York City, vocalist Mike Tramp met Staten Island guitarist Vito Bratta in 1983.
They decided to put together a new band and recruited drummer Nicki Capozzi and bassist Felix Robinson and named the group White Lion. White Lion was recorded their debut album Fight to Survive. Elektra was unhappy with the final recording, after refusing to release the album, terminated the band's contract. Both Capozzi and Robinson soon left the band. Nicki Capozzi was replaced by former Anthrax drummer Greg D'Angelo, Felix Robinson was replaced by bassist Dave Spitz. Within a month of joining, Dave Spitz left to play bass with Black Sabbath and was replaced by James LoMenzo; the album Fight to Survive was released by Victor Company of Japan, Ltd, in Japan in 1985. Philadelphia-based Grand Slamm Records bought the album from Elektra and released it in America the following year, under licensed by Elektra/Asylum Records. A few months Grand Slam Records went bankrupt. Fight to Survive charted at number 151 on The Billboard 200 and featured the band's debut single and music video, "Broken Heart".
In early 1986, White Lion, with a fictitious female member, had a brief part in the Tom Hanks/Shelley Long movie The Money Pit. Early in 1987, the band was signed by Atlantic Records; the recording of the album took six weeks and on June 21, 1987 their album Pride was released. The first single, "Wait", was released on June 1, 1987, but did not reach the charts for nearly seven months; the Pride tour started in July 1987. The next year and a half was filled with constant touring, opening for such bands as Aerosmith, Ozzy Osbourne and Kiss. In January 1988 White Lion landed the opening slot for AC/DC on their Blow Up Your Video American tour. While touring with AC/DC, the Pride album and "Wait" single charted, due in no small part to MTV airing the "Wait" music video in regular rotation—nearly seven months after the single's release. "Wait" hit No. 8 on the singles chart. Pride would remain on the Top 200 Billboard album charts for a full year, selling two million copies in the US alone and achieving double platinum status.
In August 1988, the album's second single, "Tell Me", reached No. 58. Around the time this single was released, White Lion played at the Ritz club in New York City; the show was filmed and aired on MTV. The Pride album's third single, a power ballad titled "When the Children Cry", made it to No. 3 on the charts with heavy MTV airplay. The success of "When the Children Cry" would push sales of Pride over the two million mark. In addition, Vito Bratta was recognized for his instrumental talents by racking up Best New Guitarist awards with both Guitar World magazine and Guitar for the Practicing Musician magazine. All You Need Is Roll was the final single released from the album. In the spring of 1989, the Pride tour ended, the band released their first video albums titled "Live at the Ritz" and "One Night in Tokyo" both of which featuring full concerts on VHS; the band immediately began work on their next album. In August 1989, White Lion released their third album, Big Game, a musically eclectic follow-up to Pride that featured the single "Little Fighter", in Memory of The Rainbow Warrior, a Greenpeace boat, destroyed by the French.
A cover of Golden Earring's "Radar Love" was released as the second single and "Cry for Freedom" was released as the third single. "Going Home Tonight" was released as the album's final single. The album went gold, with a peak of No. 19 on the album charts. The band's success continued with more constant touring. After two years of writing and recording, White Lion released their fourth album Mane Attraction in the spring of 1991. More of a "back to basics" album, centering on strong hooks and melodic hard rock, the album was received well by the fans. Tramp changed his singing style on this disc, as he was no longer comfortable singing high; the album failed to reach the top 20 like the last two albums, charting at No. 61 on The Billboard 200. It received no airplay due to the recent Grunge explosion; the album featured the singles "Love Don't Come Easy" which peaked at number 24 on The Mainstream Rock Charts, "Lights and Thunder" and a re-recorded version of the band's debut single "Broken Heart", all of which featured music videos.
"Out with the Boys" was released as a rare promo single and "Farewell to You" featured a music video montage. The album cont
Vibrato systems for guitar
A vibrato system on a guitar is a mechanical device used to temporarily change the pitch of the strings. Instruments without a vibrato have other tailpiece systems, they add vibrato to the sound by changing the tension of the strings at the bridge or tailpiece of an electric guitar using a controlling lever. The lever enables the player to and temporarily vary the tension and sometimes length of the strings, changing the pitch to create a vibrato, portamento, or pitch bend effect; the pitch-bending effects have become an important part of many styles, allowing creation of sounds that could not be played without the device, such as the 1980s-era shred guitar "dive bombing" effect. The mechanical vibrato systems began as a device for more producing the vibrato effects that blues and jazz guitarists had achieved on arch top guitars by manipulating the tailpiece with their picking hand. Guitar makers developed a variety of vibrato systems since the 1920s. A vibrato-equipped guitar is more difficult to tune than a fixed-tailpiece guitar.
Since the regular appearance of mechanical vibrato systems in the 1950s, many guitarists have used them—from Chet Atkins to Duane Eddy and the surf music of The Ventures, The Shadows, Dick Dale. In the 1960s and 1970s, Jimi Hendrix, Jeff Beck, David Gilmour, Ritchie Blackmore, Jimmy Page, Frank Zappa used vibrato arms for more pronounced effects. In the 1980s, shred guitarists Eddie Van Halen, Eric Johnson, Joe Satriani and Steve Vai, metal guitarists Ritchie Blackmore, Kirk Hammett, Terje Rypdal, David Torn and David Duhig used vibrato in a range of metal-influenced styles; some electric guitarists have reversed the normal meanings of the terms vibrato and tremolo when referring to hardware devices and the effects they produce. This reversal of terminology is attributed to Leo Fender and the naming of his 1954 Stratocaster mechanical vibrato system as a "Tremolo Device for Stringed Instruments". Additionally, the 1956 Fender "Vibrolux" guitar amplifier, used electronically generated tremolo that Fender called “vibrato”.
Other classic guitar amplifiers contain electronic “vibrato units” which produce a tremolo effect via a tremolo circuit. This confusion of terms persists. While the "tremolo arm" can produce variations of pitch, including vibrato, it cannot produce tremolo. Other used names for the device include "vibrato bar" and "whammy bar", the latter attributed to guitarist Lonnie Mack's aggressive, rapid manipulation of the pitch-bending device in his 1963 song "Wham!". It has been called a "whang bar". Most vibrato systems for guitar are based on one of four basic designs: Bigsby Vibrato Tailpiece, introduced in the late 1940s and used in close to original form on many guitars Fender Synchronized Tremolo or strat trem, introduced on the Fender Stratocaster, which inspired many designs, including: Floyd Rose locking tremolo G&L Dual-fulcrum Vibrato, designed by Leo Fender Fender two-point synchronized tremolo Fender Floating Bridge, which has two main variants: Fender Floating Tremolo or jag trem, introduced on the Fender Jazzmaster Fender Dynamic Vibrato or stang trem, introduced on the Fender Mustang Cam-driven designs based on pedal steel guitar concepts, include: Kahler Tremolo System Washburn Wonderbar Stetsbar tremolo Many other designs exist in smaller numbers, notably several original designs marketed by Gibson under the Vibrola name, which they used for some licensed Bigsby units.
A design patented in 2006 from Trem King uses a fixed bridge with a moving tone block. The world's first patented mechanical vibrato unit was designed by Doc Kauffman; the initial patent was filed in August 1929 and was published in 1932. Between 1920 and 1980 Kauffman collaborated with many pioneering guitar manufacturers including Rickenbacker and Fender. In the late 1930s Rickenbacker produced the first commercial batch of electric Spanish guitars, utilizing the Kauffman "Vib-rol-a" as a stock option, thus setting precedence for electric guitars produced by Fender and Gibson; the Epiphone guitar company first offered the Vibrola as an option on some archtop guitars from 1935 to 1937. Epiphone sold the Vibrola as an aftermarket option as well; this Vibrola was used on some Rickenbacker lap steel guitars at around the same time and was introduced on their six string'Electro Spanish' guitars beginning about 1937. Some early Vibrolas on Rickenbacker guitars were not operated by hand, but rather moved with an electrical mechanism developed by Doc Kauffman to simulate the pitch manipulation available with steel guitars.
The Vibrola distributed as an option with Rickenbacker Electro Spanish guitars was hand operated like the earliest Epiphone Vibrolas. A unit was created and used on Rickenbacker's Capri line of guitars in the 1950s, such as John Lennon's 1958 Rickenbacker 325, it was a side-to-side action vibrato unit, notorious for throwing the guitar out of tune, hence Lennon's replacing his with a Bigsby B5 unit.. The first commercially successful vibrato system for guitar was the Bigsby vibrato tailpiece just called a Bigsby, invented by Paul Bigsby; the exact date of its first availability is uncertain, as Bigsby kept few records, but it was on Bigsby-built guitars photographed in 1952, in what became its standard form. In several interviews, the late Merle Travis