The Transcendental Argument for the Existence of God is the argument that attempts to prove the existence of God by arguing that logic and science presuppose a supreme being and that God must therefore be the source of logic and morals. A version was formulated by Immanuel Kant in his 1763 work The Only Possible Argument in Support of a Demonstration of the Existence of God, most contemporary formulations of the transcendental argument have been developed within the framework of Christian presuppositional apologetics. Transcendental arguments should not be confused with transcendent arguments, or arguments for the existence of something transcendent. In other words, they are distinct from both arguments that appeal to a transcendent intuition or sense as evidence, classical apologetics arguments that move from direct evidence to the existence of a transcendent thing, they are distinct from standard deductive and inductive forms of reasoning. Where a standard deductive argument looks for what we can deduce from the fact of X, a standard inductive argument looks for what we can infer from experience of X, a transcendental argument looks for the necessary prior conditions to both the fact and experience of X. Thus, "I entitle transcendental all knowledge, occupied not so much with objects as with the mode of our knowledge of objects insofar as this mode of knowledge is to be possible a priori.".
The TAG is a transcendental argument that attempts to prove that God is the precondition for logic, reason, or morality. The argument proceeds as follows: God is a necessary precondition for logic and morality. People depend upon logic and morality, showing that they depend upon the universal and abstract realities which could not exist in a materialist universe but presupposes the existence of an immaterial and absolute God. Therefore, God exists. If He didn't, we could not rely upon logic, reason and other absolute universals, could not exist in a materialist universe where there are no absolute standards or an absolute Lawgiver. Cornelius Van Til wrote: We must point out... that univocal reasoning itself leads to self-contradiction, not only from a theistic point of view, but from a non-theistic point of view as well... It is this; the contrary is impossible only if it is self-contradictory when operating on the basis of its own assumptions. Therefore, the TAG differs from thomistic and evidentialist arguments, which posit the existence of God in order to avoid an infinite regress of causes or motions.
Some reject the validity of the argument pointing out various flaws, such as a category error involved in the first premise of the argument, namely that just because there's a statement that's universally true it won't make that statement a part of reality in itself. Another issue pointed out is that it's not needed to have a god to have morality. In particular the existence of multiple logic systems with differing axioms such as non-classical logic as well as multiple radically different moral systems constitutes evidence against the idea that logic and morality are universals. Furthermore, the existence of theorems like Goedel's completeness theorem and the soundness theorems for classical logic provide justification for some logic systems like classical propositional logic without using any god hypotheses thus contradicting the first premise of the argument. Christian apologetics Argument from morality Notes Responses to Atheist Philosopher, Michael Martin Derrida, Van Til and the Metaphysics of Postmodernism An appraisal of Postmodernism Deconstruction, in light of Van Til by Jacob Gabriel Hale.
The Transcendental Argument for the Existence of God by Matt Slick. "The Great Debate: Does God Exist?" Audio of a formal debate between Christian Greg Bahnsen and skeptic Gordon Stein from the University of California, Irvine. The Martin-Frame Debate A written debate between skeptic Michael Martin and Christian John Frame about the transcendental argument for the existence of God; the Drange-Wilson Debate A written debate between skeptic Theodore Drange and Christian Douglas Wilson. "Is Non-Christian Thought Futile?" A written debate between Christian Doug Jones and skeptics Keith Parsons and Michael Martin in Antithesis magazine
The Chief Justice of Western Australia is the most senior judge of the Supreme Court of Western Australia and the highest ranking judicial officer in the Australian state of Western Australia. The Chief Justice is both the judicial head of the Supreme Court as well as the administrative head, he or she is responsible for arranging the business of the court and establishing its rules and procedures. The office of Chief Justice was created in 1861 when the Supreme Court was established through the amalgamation of the Court of Quarter Sessions and the Civil Court; the first Chief Justice was the West Indian born former slaveholder Sir Archibald Burt. In line with the British colonial policy of the time, the Chief Justices were appointed by the Colonial Office from outside the colony, it was not until 1901. By convention, the Chief Justice is also lieutenant governor, serving as deputy to the Governor of Western Australia and acting in the position in the governor's absence. However, the two positions are not equivalent – Wayne Martin succeeded David Malcolm in the position in May 2006, but did not replace Malcolm as lieutenant governor until October 2009.
Archibald Burt Henry Wrenfordsley Alexander Onslow Sir Henry T. Wrensfordsley Alexander Onslow Sir Edward Stone Stephen Parker Robert McMillan John Northmore John Dwyer Albert Wolff Lawrence Jackson Francis Burt David Malcolm Wayne Martin Peter Quinlan Judiciary of Australia
Laughing Down Crying is the fifth solo album by American recording artist Daryl Hall. It was released on September 2011, on Verve Records. Co-producer and bandmate T-Bone Wolk died during early recording sessions for the disc. Hall debuted the album on a two-part episode of his series Live from Daryl's House. All tracks composed by Daryl Hall except as noted; the lead single, Talking To You, reached number 16 on the Adult Contemporary chart on the November 12, 2011 issue, it stayed there for two weeks and remained on the chart for twenty weeks and it was the most successful song of the album. The album's single of the same name peaked at number five on the Billboard's Smooth Jazz Songs chart on November 26, 2011 staying there for a week and remaining on the chart for 20 weeks. Eyes For You went to number 23 on the Adult Contemporary chart on July 14, 2012 staying there for a week and remained on the chart for 14 weeks. Daryl Hall – lead and backing vocals and electric guitars, synth bass, percussion Paul Pesco – acoustic and electric guitars Greg Bieck – keyboards, drum programming John Fields – keyboards, synth bass, drum programming Zev Katz – bass guitar T-Bone Wolk – bass guitar, acoustic guitar Jerry Duplessis – bass guitar Shawn Pelton – drums Mickey Curry – drums Charles DeChant – tenor saxophone David Mann – tenor saxophone John Scarpulla – baritone and tenor saxophones Barry Danielian – trumpet Larry Gold – horn arrangements, string arrangements March Fry – backing vocals Klyde Jones – backing vocals, bass guitar Producers – Daryl Hall, Greg Bieck and Paul Pesco.