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Riddim Driven: White Liva

Riddim Driven: White Liva is the 28th installment of VP Records' Riddim Driven series. It was released in June 2002 on CD and LP; the album features various artists recorded over the "White Liva" riddim, produced by Richard "Richie D" Martin. "Gwaan Gal" - Spragga Benz & Notch "Ride All Night" - Lady Saw "When Nature Call" - Elephant Man "Call Dem Gal Deh" - Mr. Easy "Hey Gal" - Red Rat "One Nite Stand" - Tony Curtis "I Love You" - Mr. Lex "You Don't Have To Call" - Wayne Anthony "Hot Gal" - Mad Cobra "Mash Dem Up" - Mr. Vegas "Get Me High" - Sean Paul "Please Har" - Honorable "Educated" - Christopher "Call Me Dog" - Bling Dawg "White Liva" - Richie D. All music guide Amazon Google Play iTunes

Centretown West

Centretown West is a neighbourhood in Ottawa, Canada. It lies to the west of Bronson Avenue, east of the O-Train Trillium Line, north of Carling Avenue, south of Nanny Goat Hill, an escarpment to the north of Somerset Street West. To the east lies Centretown, to the north lies Lebreton Flats, to the west lies Hintonburg, to the south lies Dow's Lake. Much of the neighbourhood makes up what is called Dalhousie. Centretown West is composed of low-density residential commercial properties, some light industrial uses. Somerset Street West is dominated by Chinese and Vietnamese businesses, it is considered to be Ottawa's Chinatown, it retains a large Italian-Canadian population in Little Italy centred on Preston Street, called "Corso Italia". A portion of Gladstone Avenue is called "Via Marconi", after the Italian inventor who completed some of his work in Canada, its population in 2011 was 10,693. The area was annexed by the city of Ottawa in 1888. Prior to that it was part of Nepean Township, the community was known as Rochesterville.

List of Ottawa neighbourhoods Media related to Centretown West at Wikimedia Commons

Climate change in Sweden

The issue of climate change in Sweden has received significant public and political attention and the mitigation of its effects has been high on the agenda of the three latest Governments of Sweden, the former Cabinet of Göran Persson, the previous Cabinet of Fredrik Reinfeldt and the current Löfven cabinet. Sweden aims for an energy supply system with zero net atmospheric greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. Since the beginning of the Quaternary time period 2.5 million years BP, Sweden's climate has alternated between glacial periods and interglacial periods. The glacial periods lasted for up to 100,000 years with temperatures 20 °C lower than today's. Colder temperatures resulted in ice sheets covering all of Sweden; the interglacial periods were shorter. During these periods the climate was similar to today's with ice-free summers; the latest of these glacial periods was the Weichselian glaciation, lasting from about 115,000 years BP until about 11,500 years BP. At its peak 20,000 -- 17,000 years BP, it extended into the northern parts of Poland.

The transition to the current interglacial period was marked by a retreat of the Ice sheets and warmer temperatures. By 6,000–7,000 years BP, the temperature was warmer than today and most of the southern half of the country was covered in deciduous forests; the temperature has fluctuated since with a weak cooling trend, leading to a relative increase in coniferous tree-cover. In 2019 Sweden placed number four in the Climate Change Performance Index by Germanwatch with 76.28 points out of 100. No country was granted position one to three in the list as ”No country is doing enough to prevent dangerous climate change.” Sweden has been ranked first in both the 2014 and 2016 editions of the Global Green Economy Index where Sweden performs well overall and within the topic of climate change performance where it is one of the top developed countries due to the low emissions intensity of the Swedish economy. The following table shows the yearly total emission of greenhouse gas in Sweden in million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent.

Values for EU28 and world to compare trends. The following table shows the yearly emission of greenhouse gas in Sweden in tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent per capita. For the total carbon dioxide emissions in 2009, without other Greenhouse gases or land use, at 50.56 million tonnes Sweden ranked in place 60 out of 216 countries, below Libya 55.0 million tonnes, Serbia 52.3 million tonnes and Finland 52.15 million tonnes. For the per capita carbon dioxide emissions in 2009, at 5.58 tonnes per capita, Sweden ranked shared place 82 out of 216 countries having the same emissions as Ukraine. This was only below the carbon dioxide emissions per capita in China 5.83 t/capita. In 2000, Sweden ranked in place 76 out of 185 countries for the per capita greenhouse gas emissions when taking any land use changes into account. Without considering land use changes the country ranked at fifty eighth. Climate gas emission in 2018 of public workers in Sweden was 410,000 tonnes. Naturvardsverket encourage to reduce the annual emissions in public sector.

In 2019 nine first months Karolinska institutet have reduced 5 % all air travels and 18% Swedish air travels compared to year 2018. Share of biofuel increased from 22% to 23 % in 2019. Road emissions declined by 2 % frpm 2018 to 2019. To reach transport climate target by 2030 road traffic climate emissions must decline 8 % a year According to Swedavia there was 40 million aviation travels in Sweden in 2019. Number decreased 9 % in domestic flights and decreased 2 % in international flights compared to 2018. Swedish population in August 2019 was ca 10.3 million. This makes in average 3.88 air travels per each citizen in Sweden in 2019. Swedish aircraft greenhouse gas emissions equaled those of Swedish personal car traffic in 2017 according to the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency and a Chalmers University study published 31 May 2019. Total emissions in 2017 was one tonne carbon dioxide equivalent per Swedish person; this is five times the global average. According to Swedish TV news, the Swedish government supports taxing aviation equal to private car traffic in 2019.

Swedish TV news calculated. Global civil aviation accounts for 4–5% of total greenhouse gas emissions and these emissions are increasing. Greenhouse gas emissions from air travel are substantial for high-income countries like Sweden. Chalmers University Gothenburg developed methodology to calculate Swedish aviation emissions; the climate impact of aviation, is effected in addition to CO2 emissions by emissions of nitrogen oxides above 8000 meters and the warm aircraft emissions forming ice crystals. Total emission were estimated by calculating the CO2 emissions by 1.9 for international flights, by 1.4 for domestic flights. Calculation excluded emissions from the production of fuel, 10-20% in the EU; the Swedish population’s air travel emission based on country of residence was 10 million tonnes CO2eq, in business 20% and in private travel 80%. The amount 10 million tonnes CO2eq can be compared with the bunker fuels metric which showed a total of 3.1 Mt CO2. Emissions were ca 1.1 tonnes CO2 equivalents per Swedish capita in 2017 compared to global average 0.2 tonnes per capita.

The Swedish aviation emissions are in total equal to the emissions from the Swedish passenger vehicle traffic. Calculation exclude contribution of the tourists aviation visiting Sweden. Aviation emission was 170 g CO2 per passe

N. Varadarajan

N. Varadarajan was an Indian politician and former Member of the Legislative Assembly of Tamil Nadu, he was elected to the Tamil Nadu legislative assembly as a Communist Party of India candidate from Dindigul constituency in 1977 election, as an Independent candidate in 1980 election. He started his career as a mill worker, he was dismissed by the management for organizing a union, he worked among cigar-makers and sanitary workers. He joined the Communist Party in 1943, he was doing party work from underground for a year when the party was banned in 1949. He was elected to the Tamil Nadu Assembly from the Vedasandur constituency in 1967. Subsequently he represented Dindigul in 1977 and 1980, he was the party's whip in the Assembly. After functioning as the party's Madurai district secretary and member of the State and State Secretariat committees, he was elected to the Central Committee in 1995, he was elected party secretary in Tamil Nadu in 2005 and again in 2008. "He returned to Chennai on Tuesday morning after attending the party congress in Kozhikode.

He walked up the stairs to reach his room in the party office, before feeling giddy. He was a diabetic, suffering from fluctuation in sugar level,” said CPI state secretary G. Ramakrishnan

Muriel King

Muriel King was an American fashion designer based in New York City. She was one of the first American fashion designers along with Elizabeth Hawes and Clare Potter to achieve name recognition, she designed costumes for several major films in the 1930s and 1940s. Muriel King was born 27 August 1900, in Washington. King began her design studies at the Cornish School, now Cornish College of the Arts, in scenic design under Maurice Browne, co-founder of Cornish's Theater Department, head designer Thilda Olson—all while attending the University of Washington, she studied watercolor painting and theatre design at the New York School of Fine and Applied Arts. Afterwards, she went to Paris and worked as a fashion illustrator for magazines such as Femina and Vogue, she opened her salon at East 61st Street, New York, in 1932. King specialised in good-quality separates and day-into-evening looks, which proved versatile and good value during the Great Depression. King kept her designs high quality, believing that dresses should just have one detail.

Her method of working was unusual, as she was not a formally trained fashion designer, did not cut, drape or sew. She created finished watercolour sketches showing her designs, which her tailors and sewing staff interpreted into proper garments. In September 1933 King entered a partnership with the department store B. Altman and Company, who sold her clothing through their Shop for American Design, her collection for that season was inspired by 1400s armour, with a suit costing $250 whilst the Altman's reproduction cost $75. King signed a licensing partnership with Lord & Taylor. In 1936, Muriel King was featured alongside Elizabeth Hawes and Clare Potter in the second Lord & Taylor "American Look" promotion which championed home-grown American design talent. King went on to design the personal wardrobe for movie actress Katharine Hepburn. From 1935 to 1944, she designed costumes for eight major movies, including two of Hepburn's, she was on the short list to design the costumes for Gone with the Wind, but despite being the author Margaret Mitchell's favourite, failed to win the job.

She created film clothes for Rita Hayworth, Margaret Sullavan, Ginger Rogers. During the 1940s, in addition to her Hollywood work, King produced ready-to-wear designs for department stores. In 1943, she created a collection of clothes specially for female factory workers at Boeing and other West Coast aerospace firms, called Flying Fortress Fashions. In 1945, she was hired director of the Fine and Applied Fashion Department at Stephens College, a women's college in Columbia, Mo. and helped establish its fashion program. King retired from fashion in 1957 to paint full-time, she died in 1977. Muriel King: Artist of Fashion at the Fashion Institute of Technology, 10 March - 4 April 2009. Muriel King worked on wardrobe for the following films: Sylvia Scarlett Stage Door Manhattan Merry-Go-Round, Appointment for Love Back Street The Woman in the Window Casanova Brown Christmas Holiday Cover Girl Muriel King at FMD Muriel King on IMDb American Ingenuity: Sportswear 1930s-1970s, an exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art Libraries, which contains material on Muriel King