National Union of Rail, Maritime and Transport Workers
The National Union of Rail and Transport Workers is a British trade union covering the transport sector. It is presided by Michelle Rodgers and its current general secretary is Mick Cash; the RMT is one of Britain's fastest growing trade unions. The RMT membership rose under and following the leadership of Bob Crow, with membership increasing from 57,000 in 2002 to over 80,000 members in the United Kingdom and the Crown Dependencies today, it is regarded as one of the more radical trade unions in Great Britain able to organise massive industrial action within the transport industry in the railway sector. The RMT was formed in 1990 through a merger of the National Union of Railwaymen and the National Union of Seamen to create a single transport industry trade union; the predecessor unions to the National Union of Railwaymen and the National Union of Seamen were founding members of the original Labour Representation Committee and after its creation the RMT became a prominent voice on the left of the Labour Party.
In 2003 some Scottish branches of the RMT voted to donate some of their funds to the Scottish Socialist Party in protest against the policies of Tony Blair and New Labour, such as not renationalising the railways. This led the Labour Party to disaffiliate from the union in early 2004 for breaching Party rules; the RMT announced in 2009 that it would be standing a slate of candidates in the 2009 European Parliament elections under the banner of No to EU – Yes to Democracy, a broad left-wing alter-globalisation coalition which aims to offer an alternative to the "anti-foreigner" and pro-business policies of the UK Independence Party. The RMT became a founding member of the Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition, a left wing political party which has contested the 2010 and 2015 general elections. RMT is in favour of the UK's withdrawal from the European Union in the 2016 referendum on the subject. However, Sean Hoyle, Peter Pinkney, Paul McDonnell and John Reid from RMT have signed a letter in The Guardian newspaper, which opposes the Electoral Commission choosing Leave.
EU, Vote Leave or Grassroots Out as the official group advocating for British withdrawal in the referendum, saying that: We call on the commission not to give taxpayers' money to the Tory and Ukip-dominated Vote Leave, Leave. EU or Grassroots Out campaigns, or any amalgam of them... We believe there are millions of trade unionists, young people, anti-austerity campaigners and working-class voters, whose opposition to the big business-dominated EU would not be represented by these organisations.... We call on the Electoral Commission to recognise that a significant proportion of those who will vote against the EU do so because they support basic socialist policies of workers' rights, public ownership, opposition to austerity and racism. In July 2015, the RMT endorsed Jeremy Corbyn's campaign in the Labour Party leadership election; the RMT represents the majority of London Underground staff, as well as many other workers in the London public transport network. The RMT has had a number of disputes with Transport for London and private sector contractors Metronet and Tube Lines over pay, safety and job security on the Underground.
These disputes have resulted in industrial action, leading to periods of travel disruption in the capital over the last decade. The RMT is affiliated to a number of political organisations and trade union confederations. In the United Kingdom and Ireland the RMT is affiliated with the TUC, the Scottish Trades Union Congress, the Wales Trades Union Congress and the Irish Congress of Trade Unions. Internationally the RMT is affiliated to the European Transport Workers Federation and the International Transport Workers Federation, as well as the World Federation of Trade Unions. Politically the RMT is affiliated with the left wing political party the Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition, which it co-founded and encourages members to participate in; the RMT is affiliated to the Labour Representation Committee, a pressure group which aims to promote traditional socialist principles within the Labour Party. Some local branches of the RMT, such as Grimsby, are affiliated to their local Constituency Labour Party.
In 2014, the RMT joined the Solidarity with the Antifascist Resistance in Ukraine campaign in support of the Communist Party of Ukraine and the Donbass People's Militia against the EU and NATO-backed Ukrainian government. RMT Credit Union Limited is a savings and loans co-operative established by the trade union for its members in 2004, it is a member of UKCreditUnions Limited, a national trade association representing smaller credit unions, steering groups and support organisations. The credit union is authorised by the Prudential Regulation Authority and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority and the PRA. Like the banks and building societies, members' savings are protected against business failure by the Financial Services Compensation Scheme. 1990: Jimmy Knapp 2001: Bob Crow 2014: Mick Cash 1994: Vernon Hince 2002: Mick Cash 2014: Steve Hedley 1990: John Cogger 1993: 1996: John Cogger 1999: 2002: John Cogger 2004: Tony Donaghey 2007: John Leach 2010: Alex Gordon 2013: Peter Pinkney 2016: Sean Hoyle 2019: Michelle Rogers Transport in the United Kingdom Credit unions in the United Kingdom RMT website The Marine Society
Transport Workers Union of Australia
The Transport Workers Union of Australia is a trade union with over 90,000 members throughout Australia. It has 5 main branches in Australia Australian Capital Territory/New South Wales Queensland Victoria/Tasmania South Australia/Northern Territory Western AustraliaThe TWU is a union based on the organising model, it is progressive and militant. The TWU is affiliated with the Australian Council of Trade Unions and the International Transport Workers' Federation. In South Australia and New South Wales, the union is affiliated with the Labor Right; the union has coverage throughout the many sectors of the transport industry including: Road transport Aviation Oil and gas Armoured vehicle drivers and staff Waste industry workers Forklift drivers and dock hands Clerical staff in the transport industryWhilst technically having wide coverage, the TWU focuses on road transport, warehouse distribution, airline operations, bus drivers and the waste industry. The TWU's coverage of gas industry staff extends from its amalgamation with The Federated Gas Employees Industrial Union in 1997.
South Australia is the only state to have an extensive membership in this industry as it was the base of the FGIEU. It is the only state to have a gas industry sub-branch; the history of the Transport Workers Union is a story of the enormous technological and economic changes to the ways people and goods have been transported across the history of this country. Its main themes are belief that the free market cannot be relied upon to create a safe and viable transport industry. In the 1880s, small independent unions of drivers sprang up in the colonies of Australia. Many of these unions were short-lived, it was an competitive industry. A self-employed carrier could set himself up with a basic horse and cart for a small sum of money, drivers, were in chronic oversupply. Conditions were poor and wage-earning drivers worked long hours for low rates of pay. Much of the available work was seasonal. After the turn of the century, small specialised transport unions were established throughout Australia.
These included separate unions of milk carters, bread carters, fuel and fodder carters. Numbers of wage-earning drivers increased in the major cities during this period as carrying firms grew in size, stimulated by growth in manufacturing. Wharves and railway depots were important sources of work for drivers. By 1903 it was reported that work had become less casual. However, conditions were still poor. Drivers could be expected to work up to 19 hours a day. Wages were between 25 and 35 shillings a week. Growth in the transport sector provided a stimulus for carters' unions to reorganise themselves to make them a stronger force; this led to the federal registration of the Federated Carters and Drivers' Industrial Union in 1906. This union is the direct predecessor of today's TWU. While other parts of the economy experienced difficult times in the years 1914–1939, rapid technological change made road transport a dynamic and expanding industry. There was an explosion in numbers of commercial motor vehicles in Australia during the 1920s.
Advances in truck construction and decreasing costs made road transport a serious competitor to the railways for the first time. These changes put the union in a stronger position to fight for shorter working hours and other improved conditions. However, the union itself had to adapt and make the transition from the horse-drawn era to the new world of trucks and cars. In 1925, representatives of the Federated Carters and Drivers' Industrial Union, the Trolley and Carters' Union and the Motor Transport and Chauffeurs' Association met to plan the establishment of a new union capable of representing all persons employed in connection with the transport of people or goods by road; this led to the Amalgamated Road Transport Workers Union becoming federally registered in 1928. Despite these attempts to create a stronger organisation, the Great Depression hit the union hard; the Queensland branch survived the depression best. Yet there, award conditions couldn't survive the pressure of mass unemployment.
It was estimated. In Victoria casual employment had again become the norm with gangs of men waiting outside yards all day trying to get work by the hour; the road transport sector picked up again after the depression. During this period the union's strongest sector was among oil company drivers. In 1937 these drivers were the first in the union to win a week's annual leave—benefits which flowed on to the wider membership in 1940. In 1937 the union was granted the right to cover persons engaged in connection with the transport of passengers or freight by air as well as by road; these members—particularly baggage handlers and porters—quickly became a key sector within the Union. Their bargaining power won improvements in pay and conditions which in turn benefited union members in other sectors. To reflect the change in coverage, in 1938 the union adopted its current name, the Transport Workers Union of Australia. World War II saw major changes within the road transport industry, with acute labour shortages resulting in long hours and high wages for drivers.
After the war the road transport industry was rationalised as smaller operators were forced out of the business by larger, more efficient firms. These larger companies introduced new methods of work, using specialised bulk tankers and pallets to lower costs and increase productivity; the road transport industry grew after the war and the soph
Transport and General Workers' Union
The Transport and General Workers' Union was one of the largest general trade unions in the United Kingdom and Ireland - where it was known as the Amalgamated Transport and General Workers' Union to differentiate itself from the Irish Transport and General Workers' Union - with 900,000 members. It was founded in 1922, its first general secretary was Ernest Bevin. In 2007, it merged with Amicus to form Unite the Union. At the time of its creation in 1922, the TGWU was the largest and most ambitious amalgamation brought about within trade unionism, its structure combined regional organisation, based on Districts and Areas, with committee organisation by occupation, based on six broad Trade Groups. Trade groups were not linked to trades, but were elected by activists. Officials of the union were grouped by region, could be asked to serve each or any trade group; the Docks Group was created in 1922 to represent former members of the following unions: Dock, Wharf and General Labourers' Union of Great Britain and Ireland Labour Protection League National Amalgamated Coal Porters' Union of Inland and Seaborne Coal Workers National Amalgamated Labourers' Union of Great Britain and Ireland North of England Trimmers' and Teemers' Association The group had a subsection for coal shipping.
In 1928, it had 96,000 members, but over time, membership of the group declined along with employment on the docks, dropping to 56,000 in 1966, had 51,153 in 1980. The Waterways Group was created in 1922 to represent former members of the Amalgamated Society of Watermen and Bargemen. Always one of the smallest sections, it had only 8,000 members in 1928, 16,000 in 1966. In 1970, it was merged into the Docks Group; the Administrative and Supervisory Group was created in 1922 to represent former members of the following unions: National Association of Ships' Clerks, Grain Weighers and Coalmeters National Union of Docks and Shipping StaffsThere was ambiguity in the TGWU over the actual name of its white-collar section. From the 1960s it was known as ACTS but sometimes as the ACTSS and enamel union badges bearing both sets of initials were produced for members, it was noted for an enquiry by the Certification Office in 2006 into board members who had joined the union within six months of being elected to senior posts.
The group grew over time, having only 5,000 members in 1928, but 62,000 by 1966, 149,801 members in 1980. The Road Transport group was created in 1922 to represent former members of the following unions: Amalgamated Association of Carters and Motormen Amalgamated Carters and Motormen's Union Associated Horsemen's Union National Union of Vehicle Workers North of Scotland Horse and Motormen's Association United Vehicle WorkersLater in 1922, the group was split into Road Transport and Road Transport groups; the Passenger group had 79,000 members in 1928 and 181,000 in 1966, but by 1980, the renamed Passenger Services group had dropped to only 44,501 members. The Commercial Services group rose from 37,000 members in 1928 to 219,000 in 1966, 226,290 in 1980; the General Workers Group was created in 1922 to cater for all workers in jobs which did not fall into another group. It had subsections for workers in metal and chemical trades. Once it was considered that a particular field had enough members to justify its own trade group, it was split out.
These decisions were made at the Biennial Delegate Conference, although there were many applications to form new trade groups, most were unsuccessful. The group had 68,000 members in 1928, it doubled in size when the Workers' Union merged into the TGWU. By 1966, it had 338,000 members and, despite the splitting out of further groups in 1970, by 1980 it still had 269,845 members; the first groups to be split out were: Power Workers, formed in 1926 from the National Amalgamated Union of Enginemen, Mechanics and Electrical Workers. It had 20,000 members in 1928, rising to 41,000 by 1966. Engineering, formed in 1931, principally from members of the Workers' Union. By 1966, it had 269,000 members. Government, formed in 1943, with 58,000 members by 1966. Municipal, formed in 1945, with 44,000 members by 1966. Agricultural, formed in 1945, with 13,000 members by 1966. Building, formed in 1953, with 53,000 members by 1966. Chemical, formed in 1953, with 61,000 members by 1966; the Scottish Union of Dock Labourers and National Union of Dock and General Workers in Great Britain and Ireland voted not to amalgamate, but a new voted changed their position, they joined before the end of 1922, along with the Amalgamated Carters and Motormen's Union, Greenock Sugar Porters' Union, Dundee Flax and Jute Stowers' Society, National Union of British Fishermen, Belfast Breadservers' Association.
Some of these unions retained a great deal of autonomy and in many ways functioned as separate unions being registered separately with the Registrar of Friendly Societies. The biggest merger was with the Workers' Union in 1929, the union being integrated into the TGWU in 1931; the Transport and General Workers' Union spearheaded the campaign for the registration of Gangmasters in the UK, sponsoring an Act of Parliament which received the Royal Assent on 8 July 2004. During 2005 discussions started between the TGWU, Amicus and the GMB about the possibility of merging the three unions into one organi