Because Cyprus has no working railway system, various other methods of transport are needed to ensure the proper delivery of any cargo, be it human or freight. Since the last railway was dismantled in 1952, the only remaining modes of transport are by road, by sea, by air. Of the 12,118 km of roads in the areas controlled by the Republic of Cyprus in 2006, 7,850 km were paved, while 4,268 km were unpaved. In 1996, the Turkish Cypriot area showed a close, but smaller ratio of paved to unpaved with about 1,370 km out of 2,350 km paved and 980 km unpaved; as a legacy of British rule, Cyprus is one of only four EU nations in which vehicles drive on the left. A1 Nicosia to Limassol A2 connects A1 near Pera Chorio with A3 by Larnaca A3 Larnaca Airport to Agia Napa serves as a circular road for Larnaca. A5 connects A1 near Kofinou with A3 by Larnaca A6 Pafos to Limassol A7 Pafos to Polis A9 Nicosia to Astromeritis A22 Dali industrial area to Anthoupolis, Lakatamia In 2006, extensive plans were announced to improve and expand bus services and restructure public transport throughout Cyprus, with the financial backing of the European Union Development Bank.
In 2010, the new revised and expanded bus network was implemented into the system. The bus system is numbered: 1 - 33 Limassol daytime local routes 40 - 95A Limassol daytime rural routes 100 - 259 Nicosia daytime buses 300s Nicosia night network route 101/102/201/301/ 500s Famagusta/Ayia Napa district daytime route 400s Larnaca area route 600s Paphos area routes 700s Larnaca - Famagusta/Ayia Napa area routes N Limassol night buses networkSome bus routes are: 30 Le Meridien Hotel 1 - MY MALL up to every 10 minutes 101 Ayia Napa Waterpark - Paralimni up to every 15 minutes 610 Pafos Harbour Station - Market up to every 10 minutes 611 Pafos Harbour Station - Waterpark up to every 10 minutes 615 Pafos Harbour Station - Coral bay up to every 10 minutes 618 Pafos Harbour Station - Pafos karavella bus station Every 30 mins Road transport is the dominant form of transport on the island. Figures released by the International Road Federation in 2007 show that Cyprus holds the highest car ownership rate in the world with 742 cars per 1,000 people.
Public transport in Cyprus is limited to run bus services and interurban'shared' taxi services. Thus, private car ownership in the country is the fifth highest per capita in the world. However, in 2006 extensive plans were announced to expand and improve bus services and restructure public transport throughout Cyprus, with the financial backing of the European Union Development Bank The ports of Cyprus are operated and maintained by the Cyprus Ports Authority. Major harbours of the island are Limassol Harbour, Larnaca Harbour, which service cargo and cruise ships. Limassol is the larger of the two, handles a large volume of both cargo and cruise vessels. Larnaca is a cargo port but played a big part in the evacuation of foreign nationals from Lebanon in 2006, in the subsequent humanitarian aid effort. A smaller cargo dock exists at Vasilikos, near Zygi. Smaller vessels and private yachts can dock at Marinas in Cyprus. Larnaca Marina in Larnaca St Raphael Marina in Limassol Paphos Harbour List of ports and harbours: Larnaca, Paphos, Vasilikos.
Bike in Action is the latest transportation system for the greater Nicosia area, similar to programs employed in various cities around the world. Bicycles can be found at stations in all participating municipalities and returned after their use at any station. See full article on Cyprus Merchant Marinetotal: 1,414 ships totaling 23,497,776 GT/37,331,506 tonnes deadweight ships by type: barge carrier 2, bulk carrier 442, cargo ship 495, chemical tanker 22, combination bulk 40, combination ore/oil 8, container ship 144, Liquified Gas Carrier 6, passenger ship 8, petroleum tanker 142, refrigerated cargo 41, roll-on/roll-off 45, short-sea passenger 13, specialized tanker 4, vehicle carrier 2 In 1999, Cyprus had 12 airports with paved runways. Of them, seven had runways of lengths between 2,438 and 3,047 metres, one had a length between 1,524 and 2,437 metres, three had lengths between 914 and 1524 metres, one had a length less than 914 metres. Of the three airports with unpaved runways, two had lengths less than 914 metres and one had a length between 914 and 1524 metres.
Sue Hadjopoulos is an American percussionist. Hadjopoulos was born in New York to a musical family, her brother Chris Hadjopoulos is a drummer. Her brother, Steve Hadjopoulos, deceased in 1991 played flute and saxophone with the group Firefall from 1983-1988. Hadjopoulos studied classical flute for six years before switching to drums and percussion, she graduated magna cum laude in Anthropology at Barnard College, Columbia University and did her graduate studies at Mannes College of Music in Manhattan. In 1977 Hadjopoulos began a two-year run as a founding member and timbalera of Latin Fever, a 14-piece female salsa band produced by Latin jazz pianist Larry Harlow, their breakthrough CD Larry Harlow Presents Latin Fever rose to the top of the Latin charts and garnered a #1 hit with the single "Lo Que Te Gusta Mas". In 1982, Hadjopoulos collaborated with British musician Joe Jackson to create his 1982 album Night and Day. Hadjopoulos continued her collaboration with him on and off through 2012, during that time she worked with artists as Cyndi Lauper, Simple Minds, Enrique Iglesias, Ricky Martin.
Hadjopoulos co-wrote, co-produced and performed the song "Breakin' Up" in the 1994 film Bar Girls and in the 1990s and early 2000s, she performed in theatre and off-Broadway shows: Behind the Beat at the Kaufman Theater with Vicki Sue Robinson in 1999. The Temptation of Saint Anthony premiere at Ruhr Trienalle Festivalle in Duisberg, Germany resulted in a limited release of a two compilation CD in addition to an off Broadway production of Songs For A New World at NYC's Churnuchin Theater, produced by Debbie Slevin. In 1984 she was voted one of the top five percussionists in the Latin/Brazilian category of Modern Drummer magazine's Readers’ Poll. With Otis BlackwellThe No.1 King of Rock ‘n’ Roll With Hazel ScottAlways With Latin FeverLarry Harlow Presents Latin Fever With Joe Jackson Night And Day Night And Day Deluxe Edition Mikes Murder Film Soundtrack Joe Jackson Live 1980-86 Blaze of Glory Laughter and Lust Three of Hearts Film Score Joe Jackson & Friends - Heaven and Hell Symphony No.1 Night and Day II The Duke With Simple MindsOnce Upon A Time Simple Minds Live In The City of Light With Cyndi LauperThe World is Stone - Learn To Live Alone Taken from Tycoon: The Musical Album (U.
S. remake of the French/Québécois cyberpunk rock opera With Laurie AndersonStrange Angels “Strange Angels” in the Film Soundtrack of “The Doctor.”With Humpe HumpeHumpe Humpe With David ByrneDavid Byrne David Byrne With They Might Be GiantsFactory Showroom With Ricky Martin“I Count The Minutes” from the CD Ricky Martin With Michael MonroeNot Fakin’ It With Debbie FriedmanThe Water in the Well With Southside Johnny and the La Bamba Big BandGrapefruit Moon The Songs of Tom Waits
Werner Josef Krieglstein, a Fulbright Scholar and University of Chicago fellow, is an award winning and internationally recognized scholar and actor. Krieglstein is the founder of a neo-Nietzschean philosophical school called Transcendental Perspectivism. Krieglstein's "philosophy of compassion" has been the subject of symposium lectures at many prominent conferences including the UNESCO section of the World Congress of Philosophy conference in Seoul Korea, the ISAIL "Fields of Conflict-Fields of Wisdom": 4th International Congress in Wuerzburg, the meeting of the American Philosophical Association in Washington D. C. and the ISUD Fourth World Conference of the International Society for Universal Dialogue, among many others. Krieglstein was born in 1941 in Blatnice, at the time an annexed part of Nazi Germany's Sudetenland. Following the post-war Expulsion of the Germans from Czechoslovakia, he relocated near Frankfurt, Germany. In the Sixties, Krieglstein was a student at the Frankfurt School in Germany, under the professorship of Theodor W. Adorno.
In his first book, Krieglstein credits the roots of his passion for the transformative aspects of philosophy to the tutelage of Adorno. As a German Jew, Adorno returned to Germany immediately after WWII ended with the goal of challenging the indoctrination many university students had received in Hitler's youth education programs. Before moving to the United States, Krieglstein studied at the Free University of Berlin. Following his studies in Germany, Krieglstein pursued his doctorate at the University of Chicago as a Fulbright Scholar and University Fellow. Krieglstein has held teaching positions at the University of Helsinki and Western Michigan University in Kalamazoo, he is professor emeritus of philosophy and religious studies at the College of DuPage, where he was awarded the Most Outstanding Teacher Award in 2003 and the Distinguished Regional Humanities Educator Award from the Community College Humanities Association in 2008. In addition to his role as professor, Krieglstein is a course director at the Interuniversity Center in Dubrovnik, a board member of the International Society for Universal Dialogue.
His philosophy of compassion is finding an audience within the education reform movement, with symposium lectures at AEPL "Reclaiming the Wisdom Tradition for Education" conference in Northern California, the NISOD International Conference on Teaching and Leadership Excellence in Austin, TX, the CCHA Creating Communities Conference hosted by the University of Chicago. While at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, Krieglstein rose to prominence in theater when he was appointed as director of the avant-garde theater, Die Neue Bühne, at the Goethe University. While writing for the theater's paper, he interviewed members of The Living Theater including Jerzy Grotowski, was fortunate enough to study mime under Marceau student Jeanne Winkler. An ISAIL biography notes that "his black light production of Kafka's The Metamorphosis was performed over two hundred times at both European and American festivals." After emigrating to the US and while teaching at Western Michigan University in 1976, he founded and directed a small rural theater company in Lawrence, Michigan known as the Whole Arts Theater, which moved to Kalamazoo.
Michigan's official tourism site describing Krieglstein's founding of the Whole Art Theater. More Krieglstein has shifted his acting focus to film. In the past few years, he has worked on several independent films including'Urban Ground Squirrels' by Wiggle Puppy Productions and the internationally known'Light Denied' by Delos Films, along with a few smaller films. Krieglstein is married to Maryann Krieglstein. After attaining his PhD, the two lived in a few places around the world including Finland and Morocco before settling down on an organic farm in Lawrence, Michigan. While farming, he continued to pursue acting in nearby Kalamazoo. In 1990, Krieglstein moved with his family to Glen Ellyn, home to the College of DuPage where he would begin his 20 year professorship. Together and Werner have five sons and one grandson: Robin, married to Suruchi have a son named Milan. Transcendental perspectivism is a hybrid philosophy blending Friedrich Nietzsche's perspectivism and the utopian ideals of the transcendentalist movement.
Transcendental perspectivism challenges Nietzsche's claim that there is no absolute truths while accepting his observation that all truth can only be known in the context of one's perception. This is accomplished through an appreciation of the emotional relationship between two perceptions. In the simplest of terms, a transcendental truth can only be known when two individuals come to agree on the truth by either force or cooperation, thus working together to build a shared reality. Krieglstein, Werner; the Dice-Playing God. University of Michigan: University Press of America. ISBN 978-0-8191-8092-6. Krieglstein, Werner. Compassion, A New Philosophy of the Other. Amsterdam: Rodopi. ISBN 978-90-420-0903-5. Krieglstein, Werner. Compassionate Thinking, An Introduction to Philosophy. Dubuque, IA.: Kendall Hunt Pub. Co. ISBN 978-0-7575-3141-5. Krieglstein, Werner. "Toward a Naturalistic Foundation of Community: How Science Can Solve the Spiritual Crisis?". In Ott, Michael R.. The Future of Religion: Toward
Euro English, less EU English is a set of varieties of English used in Continental Europe and in the institutions of the European Union or among young mobile Europeans. The term was first used by Carstensen in 1986 to denote the adoption of anglicisms in Europe; the enlargement of the European Union diminished the influence of other working languages. The development of the Erasmus Programme created a new class of mobile Europeans who needed a lingua franca to communicate across Europe; the question whether the appropriation of English by non-native speakers in Continental Europe is giving rise to a potential European variety of English has not yet been resolved. Mollin rejected Euro-English as a variety of English. According to Forche, many of the features suggested to be characteristic of Euro-English could be identified as learners’ mistakes, although there are some nativization tendencies. While the UK was a member of the EU, Euro-English has been influenced and dominated by British English.
With the withdrawal of the UK of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the EU, popularized as Brexit, the number of native English speaker is automatically reducing to the Irish ones, giving more room for romance languages. The Unicode Common Locale Data Repository Project had drafted/defined "en-150" for English in Europe. There are two influences in Euro English: one top-down, one bottom-up; the top-down influence comes from institutions such as the English Style Guide, issued by the European Commission, which recommends ways to use English in written official documents. "On the whole it follows standard British English usage, but in cases where British English has alternatives, it makes decisions—such as recommending the spelling judgment, not judgement.". The bottom-up influence comes from the preferences of the people; some words are given a plural with a final's' in Euro-English, such as'informations' and'competences', to match similar words in European languages while this might be seen as incorrect in British or American English.
Some words such as'actor,"axis' or'agent' are given a meaning as wide as in European languages while their meaning would keep a narrower range in native English. The Directorate-General for Translation of the EU has a style guide for English language to help write clear and readable regular English; this guide is based on the English spoken in Great Britain, known as British English. It does not consider itself EU English being different from real English but help to address specific EU terminology needs related to the way it works, it prefers British English to American English bu recommends avoiding colloquial British usage. This style guide defines the thousand separator as a comma, the plural of euro as euro, it provides accuracy, for instance the word Brexit refers to the withdrawal of the UK from the EU, not to a day of a referendum: since the Brexit referendum does not have the same meaning than since Brexit. The many years of working of the EU made some specific EU glossary to appear.
The English plural of the word euro was first defined as euro without final s, before becoming euros with a final s. English language International English African English English as a lingua franca English in the European Union - Worlds of English, Open University S. D.. "Euro-English: Blasting the bombast". The Economist. London. Ramsay, Anne. Eurojargon: A Dictionary of the European Union. Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. Euro-English, English in the European Union. Teti Musmeci, Marina Foti The Allusionist podcast with Helen Zaltzman
Peacekeeping by the United Nations is a role held by the Department of Peace Operations as "a unique and dynamic instrument developed by the organization as a way to help countries torn by conflict to create the conditions for lasting peace". It is distinguished from peacebuilding and peace enforcement although the United Nations does acknowledge that all activities are "mutually reinforcing" and that overlap between them is frequent in practice. Peacekeepers monitor and observe peace processes in post-conflict areas and assist ex-combatants in implementing the peace agreements they may have signed; such assistance comes in many forms, including confidence-building measures, power-sharing arrangements, electoral support, strengthening the rule of law, economic and social development. Accordingly, UN peacekeepers can include soldiers, police officers, civilian personnel; the United Nations Charter gives the United Nations Security Council the power and responsibility to take collective action to maintain international peace and security.
For this reason, the international community looks to the Security Council to authorize peacekeeping operations through Chapter VII authorizations. Most of these operations are established and implemented by the United Nations itself, with troops serving under UN operational control. In these cases, peacekeepers remain members of their respective armed forces, do not constitute an independent "UN army," as the UN does not have such a force. In cases where direct UN involvement is not considered appropriate or feasible, the Council authorizes regional organizations such as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Economic Community of West African States, or coalitions of willing countries to undertake peacekeeping or peace-enforcement tasks. Jean-Pierre Lacroix is the Head of the Department of Peace Operations, he took over from the former Under-Secretary-General Hervé Ladsous on 1 April 2017. DPKO's highest level doctrine document, entitled "United Nations Peacekeeping Operations: Principles and Guidelines" was issued in 2008.
In 2007, a peacekeeper volunteer was required to be over the age of 25 with no maximum age limit. Peacekeeping forces are contributed by member states on a voluntary basis; as of 30 June 2019, there are 100,411 people serving in UN peacekeeping operations. European nations contribute nearly 6,000 units to this total. Pakistan and Bangladesh are among the largest individual contributors with around 8,000 units each. African nations contributed nearly half the total 44,000 units; every peacekeeping mission is authorized by the Security Council. Once a peace treaty has been negotiated, the parties involved might ask the United Nations for a peacekeeping force to oversee various elements of the agreed upon plan; this is done because a group controlled by the United Nations is less to follow the interests of any one party, since it itself is controlled by many groups, namely the 15-member Security Council and the intentionally diverse United Nations Secretariat. If the Security Council approves the creation of a mission the Department of Peacekeeping Operations begins planning for the necessary elements.
At this point, the senior leadership team is selected. The department will seek contributions from member nations. Since the UN has no standing force or supplies, it must form ad hoc coalitions for every task undertaken. Doing so results in both the possibility of failure to form a suitable force, a general slowdown in procurement once the operation is in the field. Romeo Dallaire, force commander in Rwanda during the Rwandan genocide there, described the problems this poses by comparison to more traditional military deployments: He told me the UN was a "pull" system, not a "push" system like I had been used to with NATO, because the UN had no pool of resources to draw on. You had to make a request for everything you needed, you had to wait while that request was analyzed... For instance, soldiers everywhere have to drink. In a push system and water for the number of soldiers deployed is automatically supplied. In a pull system, you have to ask for those rations, no common sense seems to apply.
While the peacekeeping force is being assembled, a variety of diplomatic activities are being undertaken by UN staff. The exact size and strength of the force must be agreed to by the government of the nation whose territory the conflict is on; the Rules of Engagement must be developed and approved by both the parties involved and the Security Council. These give the specific scope of the mission, it will be mandated that peacekeepers have host government minders with them whenever they leave their base. This complexity has caused problems in the field; when all agreements are in place, the required personnel are assembled, final approval has been given by the Security Council, the peacekeepers are deployed to the region in question. The financial resources of UN Peacekeeping operations are the collective responsibility of UN Member States. Decisions about the establishment, maintenance or expansion of peacekeeping operations are taken by the Security Council. According to UN Charter every Member State is obligated to pay their respective share for peacekeeping.
Peacekeeping expenses are divided by the General Assembly based upon a formula established by Member States which takes into account the relative economic wealth of Member States among other things. In 2017, the UN agreed to reduce the peacekeeping budget by $600 million after the U
The list of MLS Cup winning head coaches includes five head coaches who have won multiple times — Bruce Arena, who has won five times. To date, two head coaches have led two different clubs to win the MLS Cup: Sigi Schmid with Los Angeles Galaxy in 2002 and Columbus Crew in 2008. C. United in 1996 and 1997, Los Angeles Galaxy in 2011, 2012 & 2014. Only one head coach has won the playoffs as head coach. Piotr Nowak, played for Chicago Fire during their 1998 MLS Cup title, in which he was named the Man of the Match. Nowak subsequently led D. C. United as a coach to their fourth MLS Cup title in 2004; the next closest head coaches to such an achievement are Greg Vanney. Kinnear was on the Colorado Rapids squad. Vanney was on the LA Galaxy roster that finished as runners-up in 1996 and 2001, coached Toronto FC to their victory in 2017. List of Major League Soccer coaches