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Transport in Gabon

Modes of transport in Gabon include rail, road and air. The one rail link, the Trans-Gabon Railway, connects the port of Owendo with the inland town of Franceville. Most but not all of the country is connected to the road network, much of, unpaved, which centres on seven "national routes" identified as N1 to N7; the largest seaports are Port-Gentil and the newer Owendo, 1,600 km of inland waterways are navigable. There are three international airports, eight other paved airports, over 40 with unpaved runways. Nearly 300 km of pipelines carry petroleum products crude oil; until the 1970s, Gabon had no railroads. A 936 km railroad construction program, the Trans-Gabon Railway, began in October 1974. In its first stage, completed in 1983, the project linked the port of Owendo with the interior city of Booué; the second stage, completed in December 1986, linked Booué with Franceville via Moanda, thus facilitating exports of manganese from the southeast and forestry exploitation in the same region. A proposed third stage would continue the line from Booué to Belinga in the northeast, where there are iron ore deposits.

In 2003, the railway began the process of installing a satellite based telecommunications system. As of 2004, Gabon State Railways totalled 814 km of standard-gauge track. Total: 814 km standard gauge: 814 km 1.435-m gauge. ProposedMakokou - iron ore Cape Santa Clara - proposed deep water port for Makokou iron ore. Bélinga - possible iron ore mine. China signs a deal for an iron ore mine with associated rail and port upgrades from Belinga to Santa Clara New rail line from Belinga will go 450 km all the way to the coast, rather than to be a branch off an existing line. Pan-African issues Main roads connect all major communities, but maintenance work is difficult because of heavy rainfall. In 2002, the road network comprised 8,454 km, of which 838 km were paved, including 30 km of expressways. A north-south road runs the length of the country, from Bitam to Ndendé; this main north-south link continues into the Congo in the south. An east–west road connects Libreville and Mékambo. Farther south, another road runs from Mayumba to Franceville.

In 1995 there were 10,000 commercial vehicles in use. Total: 7,670 km paved: 629 km unpaved: 7,041 km Roads in Gabon link most areas of the country, many of the main roads are of a reasonable standard. However, remoter areas along the coast and in the east are not connected to the road network. Major roads are denoted national routes and numbered, with a prefix "N": N1 road: Libreville – KougouleuBifounLambarénéMouila – Ndendé – Tchibanga - N2 road: Bifoun – AlembeViateMitzicBibasseOyem – Bitam – Éboro – N3 road: Alembe – Kazamabika – Lastoursville – Moanda – Franceville N4 road: Viate – Ekonlong – Makokou – Mékambo N5 road: Kougouleu – Bibasse N6 road: Mayumba – Tchibanga – Ndendé – Lebamba - Koulamoutou – Lastoursville N7 road: Makokou – Bakwaka – Okondja – Lékori - AkiéniNgouoni – Franceville The busiest ports are Port-Gentil, the center for exports of petroleum products and imports of mining equipment, Owendo, a new port that opened in 1974 on the Ogooué estuary, 10 km north of Libreville.

Owendo's capacity 300,000 tons, reached 1.5 million tons in 1979, when the port was enlarged to include timber-handling facilities. The smaller port at Mayumba handles timber, a deepwater port is planned for the city; as of 2002, there was one merchant marine vessel, with a gross tonnage of 2,419/3,205 tonnes deadweight. Gabon has 1,600 km including 310 km on the Ogooué River. Gabon had an estimated 56 airports in 2004, but only 11 of which had paved runways as of 2005. There are three international airports: Libreville, Port-Gentil, Franceville. Numerous airlines provide international flights. Nouvelle Air Affaires Gabon handles scheduled domestic service. In 2003, about 386,000 passengers were carried on scheduled domestic and international airline flights. Total: 11 over 3,047 m: 1 2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 1,524 to 2,437 m: 8 914 to 1,523 m: 1 total: 45 1,524 to 2,437 m: 9 914 to 1,523 m: 16 under 914 m: 25 Crude oil 270 km.

Morogoro Urban District

This article is about Morogoro Urban District. See Morogoro Rural District. Morogoro Urban District is one of the six districts of the Morogoro Region of Tanzania, it contains the city Morogoro, capital of the Morogoro Region, no villages. Morogoro Urban District covers 260 square kilometres, it is bordered to the east and south by the Morogoro Rural District and to the north and west by Mvomero District As of 2012, the population of the Morogoro Urban District was 315,866. For parliamentary elections, Tanzania is divided into constituencies; as of the 2010 elections Morogoro Urban District had four constituencies: Morogoro-Kusini-Mashariki Constituency Morogoro Kusini Constituency Morogoro Mjini Constituency Mvomero Constituency Morogoro Urban District has six administrative division. The Morogoro Urban District is administratively divided into twenty nine wards: Bigwa Boma Chamwino Kauzeni Kichangani Kihonda Kihonda Magorofani Kilakala Kingo Kingolwira Kiwanja cha Ndege Luhungo Lukobe Mafiga Mafisa Magadu Mazimbu Mbuyuni Mindu Mji Kuu Mji Mpya Mkundi Mlimani Mwembesongo Mzinga Sabasaba Sultan Area Tungi Uwanja wa Taifa Mazimbu Graves

Defence Growth Partnership

The Defence Growth Partnership is a partnership between the UK Government and the British defence industry. It is jointly led by the Department for Business and Industrial Strategy and the Defence Industry, with "the support of the Ministry of Defence as the UK customer", it was endorsed by the Prime Minister, David Cameron and is co-chaired by Allan Cook CBE, the Minister for Business and Industrial Strategy, Richard Harrington. The DGP was first announced at Farnborough Airshow in 2012; the Defence Growth Partnership Website states: "We are working in partnership to secure a competitive and globally successful UK Defence Sector that provides affordable leading-edge capability and through-life support for our Armed Forces and international customers, as well as bringing wider economic benefits to the UK." British defence companies have been working within the partnership to address issues such as shortage of engineers. As part of the DGP initiative a Centre for Maritime Intelligent Systems was announced in July 2014.

CMIS is a £4m defence research centre, based at the Portsdown Technology Park in Portsmouth. The centre will bring together academics, scientists and naval specialists to research unmanned marine systems; the centre was opened on 17 November 2014 by Matthew Hancock, MP As part of the DGP a UK Defence Solutions Centre was opened in Farnborough in 2015. Its current CEO is Mark Barclay, with independent Chairman Brian Burridge. Official Website Securing Prosperity UK White Paper Delivering Growth UK White Paper

Henry L. Benning

Henry Lewis Benning was a general in the Confederate States Army. He was a lawyer and judge on the Georgia Supreme Court, he commanded the "Benning's Brigade" during the American Civil War. Following the Confederacy's defeat at the end of the war, he returned to his native Georgia, where he lived out the rest of his life. Fort Benning, home of the Maneuver Center of Excellence is named after him. Benning was born on a plantation in Columbia County, the son of Pleasant Moon and Malinda Meriwether White Benning, the third of eleven children, he attended Franklin College, graduating in 1834. While a student, he was a member of the Phi Kappa Literary Society. After college, he moved to Columbus, which would be his home for the rest of his life, he was admitted to the bar at the age of 21. Benning was active in Southern U. S. politics and an ardent secessionist, bitterly opposing the emancipation of slaves. In a letter to Howell Cobb written in July 1849, he stated that a Southern Confederacy would not be enough—because a Confederacy might itself become divided into northern and southern regions as slavery waned in some of the states—and called for a Southern "consolidated Republic" that "will put slavery under the control of those most interested in it."In 1851 he was nominated for the U.

S. Congress as a Southern rights was not elected. In 1853 he was elected an associate justice of the Georgia Supreme Court, where he was noted for an opinion that held that a state supreme court is not bound by the decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States on constitutional questions, but that the two courts must be held to be "coordinate and co-equal". Following the election of Abraham Lincoln to the U. S. presidency in 1860 on a platform opposing the expansion of slavery into U. S. territories, Benning took an active part in the state convention that voted to secede from the Union, representing Muscogee County. In March 1861, the southern slave states that had seceded appointed special commissioners to travel to those other slaveholding Southern states that had yet to secede. Benning was the commissioner from Georgia to the Virginian secession convention, where he tried to persuade Virginian politicians to vote to join Georgia in seceding from the Union. In a February 1861 speech to the Virginian secession convention, Benning gave his reasoning for the urging of secession from the Union, appealing to ethnic prejudices and pro-slavery sentiments to present his case, saying that were the slave states to remain in the Union, their slaves would end up being freed by the anti-slavery Republican Party.

He stated that he would rather be stricken with illness and starvation than to see African Americans liberated from slavery and be given equality as citizens: What was the reason that induced Georgia to take the step of secession? This reason may be summed up in one single proposition, it was a conviction, a deep conviction on the part of Georgia, that a separation from the North-was the only thing that could prevent the abolition of her slavery.... If things are allowed to go on as they are, it is certain. By the time the north shall have attained the power, the black race will be in a large majority, we will have black governors, black legislatures, black juries, black everything. Is it to be supposed that the white race will stand for that? It is not a supposable case.... War will break out everywhere like hidden fire from the earth, it is probable that the white race, being superior in every respect, may push the other back.... We will be overpowered and our men will be compelled to wander like vagabonds all over the earth.

That is the fate which abolition will bring upon the white race.... We will be exterminated, the land will be left in the possession of the blacks, it will go back to a wilderness and become another Africa... Suppose they elevated Charles Sumner to the presidency? Suppose they elevated Fred Douglass, your escaped slave, to the presidency? What would be your position in such an event? I say give me famine sooner than that. Although he was considered for a cabinet position in the government of the newly established Confederacy, he chose to join the Confederate army instead and became the colonel of the 17th Georgia Infantry, a regiment he raised himself in Columbus on August 29, 1861; the regiment became part of Toombs's Brigade in the Right Wing of the Army of Northern Virginia, under General Robert E. Lee; as a newly minted army officer, Benning ran into political difficulty. He questioned the legality of the Confederate government's Conscription Act and spoke against it as a violation of states' rights.

Refusing to obey certain orders, he came close to being court-martialed, but influence from his friend, Colonel T. R. R. Cobb, defused the situation; the first significant action he saw was at the Second Battle of Bull Run in August 1862. At the Battle of Antietam, Benning's brigade was a crucial part in the defense of the Confederate right flank, guarding "Burnside's Bridge" across Antietam Creek all morning against repeated Union assaults, his courage in battle was no longer questioned by his superiors, he became known as the "Old Rock" to his men. He was promoted to brigadier general on April 23, 1863, with date of rank of January 17, 1863. For most of the rest of the war, Benning continued as a brigade commander in the division of the aggressive John Bell Hood of Texas, he missed the Confederate victory at the Battle of Chancellorsville because his brigade was stationed in southern Virginia along with the

Osor, Croatia

Osor is a village and a small port on the Cres island in Primorje-Gorski Kotar County in western Croatia, population 60. Osor lies at a narrow channel that separates islands Lošinj; the channel was built in Roman times to make sailing possible. Now the islands are connected with a rotating bridge. Cres and Lošinj were one island, before the channel was cut; the first settlements of the area date in the prehistoric times. In Roman times, Osor called Apsoros used to refer to the whole island of Lošinj, was an important center of trade on the route to the ports of Northern Adriatic. After the fall of Roman Empire, Osor became a part of Byzantine Empire and was a seat of diocese since the 6th century. In 840 it was burned down by Saracens, in the 10th century, it came under Croatian rule. In the 14th century it was under the rule of the Republic of Venice. From the 15th century on, Osor lost its commercial importance. Due to malaria, it was abandoned as the administrative center of the island in favor of the town of Cres.

In the 19th century the island was under the rule of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and after First World War part of the Kingdom of Italy. After World War II Osor-Ossero was a part of the Republic of Yugoslavia. Today, Osor is a tourist-oriented town in the Republic of Croatia, with sculptures of Ivan Meštrović and others scattered around the center. Several camping sites are located in the surroundings; the bishopric of what was called in Latin Absorus was founded circa 600, maybe as early as the 6th century, as a suffragan of the Metropolitan Archbishop of the Late Roman province Dalmatia Inferior's capital Salona, but the first bishop of the see whose name is known was Dominicus in the last third of the 9th century. It has bee called Absor and Lusin; the diocese was from 1146 a suffragan of the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Zadar/Zara. Its cathedral, the Church of the Assumption, was built in 1463–1497; the area was taken by the Ottoman Empire in 1621 and held for a short time, during which its Christians travelled to Šibenik to fulfil their Easter duty of Confession and Communion.

Absorus ceased in 1828 to be a residential see, when its territory was added to that of the Croatian diocese of Krk. Suffragan Bishops of Osor... Lovro Metropolitan Archbishop of Salona Michele, Friars Minor Giacomo Angelo, O. F. M. Bonifacio Guglielmo Cipriano Crisogono Martino Matteo Cernota Bishop of Šibenik Bonifacio Bishop of Trebinje, Bishop of Šibenik Michele da Zara, O. F. M. Tommaso Pactius Mauro Rassoli Isidoro, Benedictine Order Vito da Cherso, O. F. M. Pietro Leon Bishop of Ceneda Simone de Valle Simon, Bishop of Ossero was an auditor in the case of John Myssenden Vicar of Leatherhead against the Priory of Leeds near Maidstone in 1446; the Register of Letters to England Scotland and Ireland reports the case. Domenico Antonio di Pago Bishop of Kotor Marco Negro Bishop of Kotor Giovanni Robobello Bishop of Feltre, Metropolitan Archbishop of Zadar Giovanni Giusto Andrea Corner Giovanni Battista Garzoni Andrea Peveraro Antonio de Cappo Marco Fedeli-Gonzaga, succeeding as former Coadjutor Bishop of Osor.

It has had the following incumbents of the fitting episcopal rank: Titular Bishop Karl Moser, as Auxiliary Bishop of Wien Titular Bishop Peter Henrici, Auxiliary Bishop emeritus of Chur GCatholic with incumbent bio links

Charles Augustus Howell

Charles Augustus Howell was an art dealer and alleged blackmailer, best known for persuading the poet Dante Gabriel Rossetti to dig up the poems he buried with his wife Elizabeth Siddal. His reputation as a blackmailer inspired Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes story "The Adventure of Charles Augustus Milverton". Howell was born in Porto, Portugal to an English father, Alfred William Hervey Howell, a Portuguese mother, he claimed to have aristocratic Portuguese ancestry and would wear a red ribbon of the Portuguese Order of Christ, which he proclaimed to be an inherited family order. He moved to Britain in his youth after having been caught cheating at cards. In 1858 Howell left Britain shortly before his friend Felice Orsini attempted to assassinate Napoleon III, leading to rumours that Howell was involved in the plot, he returned in 1864. Howell was the business agent of both Rossetti and John Ruskin. Ruskin employed him as a secretary between 1865 and 1868. Ruskin trusted Howell with "affairs needing delicate handling and a wise discretion".

This was to manage Ruskin's discreet charitable donations. But Howell sought to obtain complete control of Ruskin's finances. Edward Burne-Jones persuaded Ruskin to sever his connection with Howell. According to Rossetti's brother William Michael Rossetti, Howell was a skilful salesman "with his open manner, his winning address, with his exhaustless gift of amusing talk, not innocent of high colouring and actual blague – Howell was unsurpassable", his ability to exploit people's "hobbies and weaknesses" secured Rossetti several commissions. Howell organised the exhumation of Dante Gabriel Rossetti's wife Elizabeth Siddal and the retrieval of the poems he had left in her coffin in 1869. Rossetti insisted that the exhumation be kept secret. Howell became a business adviser to Algernon Swinburne, becoming "not only his man of business but the partner of his amusements and the recipient of his confidences"; some "burlesque and indecent letters" which Swinburne wrote to Howell were somehow acquired by George Redway, a publisher, who used them to blackmail Swinburne into giving up the copyright of one of his poems.

Swinburne blamed Howell, after his death wrote that he hoped he was "in that particular circle of Malebolge where the coating of eternal excrement makes it impossible to see whether the damned dog's head is or is not tonsured". Howell's connection with the Rossetti family is said to have ended when he was alleged to have persuaded his lover Rosa Corder to create fake Rossetti drawings. In 1883 Corder gave birth to Howell's daughter, christened Beatrice Ellen Howell. In the late 1880s, he joined the Order of the White Rose, a Neo-Jacobite society, along with James Abbott McNeill Whistler. Howell died in 1890 under strange circumstances, he was found close to a Chelsea public house with his throat slit, with a coin in his mouth – either a sovereign or half-sovereign. The presence of the coin was believed to be a criticism of those guilty of slander. Reports are inconsistent about whether or not he was found dead or died in the hospital to which he was taken; the embarrassment of an inquest and police investigation was avoided when his death was ruled to have resulted from "pneumonic phthisis", the slit throat having been inflicted perimortem or posthumously.

Numerous filed, letters from high-placed people were found at his home, leading to much speculation. The circumstances of Howell's death and the many rumours about his dishonesty and double dealings led to the accusation that he had used letters in his possession to blackmail prominent persons, his associates in the art world were divided. Edward Burne-Jones described Howell as "a base, treacherous and malignant fellow". Hall Caine called him a "soldier of fortune" and Algernon Charles Swinburne said he was "the vilest wretch I came across". Other artists were more generous. Ford Madox Brown said that though he was "one of the biggest liars in existence" and "half mad", he was "good natured". Whistler said he was a "wonderful man... genius... splendidly flamboyant".20th century commentators on the Pre-Raphaelites claimed that in his years Howell used letters to blackmail former friends. In the words of Humphrey Hare, "Fallen on hard days, Howell did not hesitate to blackmail by the threatened sale of letters which contained the customary puerile indecencies".

However, his biographer, Helen Rossetti Angeli, could find nothing to support the accusations of blackmail, which arose from extrapolations of the incident involving George Redway. In addition to the Sherlock Holmes story "Charles Augustus Milverton", Howell was the basis of the character De Castro in Theodore Watts-Dunton's novel Aylwin